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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915096/dietary-supplement-use-perceptions-and-associated-lifestyle-behaviors-in-undergraduate-college-students-student-athletes-and-rotc-cadets
#1
Arthur A Valentine, Julie Raeder Schumacher, Jan Murphy, Yoon Jin Ma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889167/does-simulation-based-training-increase-athletic-training-students-clinical-confidence-and-competence-in-performing-a-cardiovascular-screening
#2
Jennifer L Doherty-Restrepo, K Erin Harrelson, Tazjanne Swinnie, Alicia M Montalvo
CONTEXT: The incidence of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in athletes is higher than previously estimated. The need for increased screening to detect cardiac diseases in preparticipation physical examinations (PPE) has become a focus in athletic training. The use of simulation-based training in healthcare professionals' education has increased clinical confidence and competence, but research is limited. OBJECTIVE: To examine if a simulation-based educational intervention can increase athletic training students' self-reported confidence and clinical competence in conducting a cardiovascular screening...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877167/measuring-dispositional-flow-validity-and-reliability-of-the-dispositional-flow-state-scale-2-italian-version
#3
Eleonora F M Riva, Giuseppe Riva, Cosimo Talò, Marco Boffi, Nicola Rainisio, Linda Pola, Barbara Diana, Daniela Villani, Luca Argenton, Paolo Inghilleri
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Italian version of the Dispositional Flow Scale-2 (DFS-2), for use with Italian adults, young adults and adolescents. METHOD: In accordance with the guidelines for test adaptation, the scale has been translated with the method of back translation. The understanding of the item has been checked according to the latest standards on the culturally sensitive translation. The scale thus produced was administered to 843 individuals (of which 60...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869822/potential-of-ghb-phase-ii-metabolites-to-complement-current-approaches-in-ghb-post-administration-detection
#4
Thomas Piper, Lena-Maria Mehling, Annika Spottke, Anna Heidbreder, Peter Young, Burkhard Madea, Cornelius Hess, Wilhelm Schänzer, Mario Thevis
Recently, phase-II-metabolites of γ-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB), namely GHB-β-O-glucuronide and GHB-4-sulfate, were implemented in the scope of drug testing methods The clearance of GHB from the circulation is extremely fast due to its incorporation into the metabolic pathway of the citrate cycle. The elimination half-life of GHB from blood was reported to be dose dependent between 30 and 50min resulting in narrow detection windows of less than 12h after illicit administration or cases of drug facilitated sexual assault regardless of the biological matrix used...
August 26, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869622/spinal-range-of-motion-and-plantar-pressure-in-sport-climbers
#5
Arletta Hawrylak, Krystyna Chromik, Barbara Ratajczak, Katarzyna Barczyk-Pawelec, Ewa Demczuk-Włodarczyk
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to investigate the range of motion (ROM) of lumbar and thoracic articulations and static and dynamic plantar pressure in sport climbing athletes. METHODS: The sample included 30 sport climbers with a minimum of 2 years training experience and 30 physical education students who served as an active untrained control. ROM was assessed by a Saunders digital inclinometer and plantar pressure by a baropodometric platform. RESULTS: Mean spinal ROMs were greater in the sport climbers with an exception of extension, rotation, and lateral thoracic flexion, with a high degree of statistical significance obtained in the majority of the analyzed ROMs...
2017: Acta of Bioengineering and Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859004/effects-of-the-nurse-athlete-program-on-the-healthy-lifestyle-behaviors-physical-health-and-mental-well-being-of-new-graduate-nurses
#6
David P Hrabe, Bernadette Mazurek Melnyk, Jacalyn Buck, Loraine T Sinnott
Recognizing that transition from nursing student to point-of-care nurse can be a stressful time period in one's career. A pilot study at a large Midwestern medical center tested the preliminary effects of a health-oriented workshop, the Nurse Athlete, on new graduate nurses' healthy lifestyle beliefs, healthy lifestyle behaviors, depressive and anxiety symptoms, as well as health outcomes. The Nurse Athlete workshop, provided in partnership with Johnson & Johnson's Human Performance Institute (HPI), used materials from HPI's Corporate Athlete program...
October 2017: Nursing Administration Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28847026/relationship-between-anxiety-and-interleukin-10-in-female-soccer-players-with-and-without-premenstrual-syndrome-pms
#7
Roberta Foster, Mauro Vaisberg, Maíta Poli de Araújo, Marcia Aparecida Martins, Tiago Capel, Andre Luis Lacerda Bachi, Zsuzsanna Ilona Katalin de Jármy-Di Bella
Objective To investigate the level of anxiety and its relationship with interleukin (IL)-10 (anti inflammatory cytokine that modulates mood swings) in a group of female soccer players. Methods Fifty-two eumenorrheic soccer players were evaluated (age 19.8 ± 4.7 years). The presence of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and phases of the menstrual cycle were determined by a daily symptom report (DSR) kept for 3 consecutive months. The concentration of cytokine IL-10 was determined from urine samples collected at four moments: at the follicular and luteal phases of the menstrual cycle, and before (pre) and after (post) the simulated game, and it was quantified by flow cytometry (Luminex xMAP - EMD Millipore, Billerica, MA, USA)...
August 28, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844852/temperament-as-a-modulating-factor-of-pain-sensitivity-in-combat-sport-athletes
#8
Katarzyna Leźnicka, Anna Starkowska, Maciej Tomczak, Paweł Cięszczyk, Monika Białecka, Maria Ligocka, Piotr Żmijewski, Maciej Pawlak
The aim of this study was to characterise the temperament of combat athletes in comparison to that of individuals who do not practise any sports with regard to pain sensitivity measured with the cold pressor test (CPT) and pressure pain threshold (PPT). The study involved 284 healthy men, aged 18 to 43years. The first group consisted of 198 combat athletes, including boxing (n=19), mixed martial arts (MMA) (n=97) and karate (n=82), aged from 18 to 43years. The control group consisted of 86 subjects between the ages of 18 and 26years, academic students not practising any sport professionally...
August 26, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844062/motion-video-based-quantitative-analysis-of-the-lifting-thrusting-method-a-comparison-between-teachers-and-students-of-acupuncture
#9
Wen-Chao Tang, Hua-Yuan Yang, Tang-Yi Liu, Ming Gao, Gang Xu
OBJECTIVE: To compare objective measures of needle manipulation between students and teachers of acupuncture using motion video analysis technology, to help support instructional acupuncture education. METHODS: A total of 30 teachers and 60 students participated in this study. Acupuncture needles were inserted at LI11 and motion videos were recorded for three subtypes of 'lifting-thrusting' manipulation: (1) 'mild reinforcing-attenuating'; (2) 'reinforcing'; and (3) 'attenuating'...
August 26, 2017: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838286/self-reported-history-of-seizure-and-baseline-neurocognitive-test-performance-in-student-athletes-an-initial-investigation
#10
Brian H Zalneraitis, Alec J Pawlukiewicz, Aaron M Yengo-Kahn, Gary S Solomon
OBJECTIVES: Baseline neurocognitive assessment data can be critical in return to play (RTP) decision-making following a sport-related concussion (SRC). The literature indicates that many modifying factors of SRC have been studied empirically; however, there has been little investigation into the effect of a self-reported history of seizure(s) on baseline neurocognitive test data. The objective of this investigation was to determine whether a self-reported history of seizure(s) is associated with differences in baseline Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) performance...
August 25, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837437/nursing-students-and-service-learning-research-from-a-symbiotic-community-partnership-with-local-schools-and-special-olympics
#11
Thayer McGahee, Maureen Bravo, Lisa Simmons, Tom Reid
This research is an example of a service learning partnership between a prelicensure nursing program and local school district. Through this partnership, students participated in a thoughtfully organized project that met the needs of a community and promoted the humanizing of health care education. Nursing students, under the guidance of faculty, performed required physical examinations for Special Olympics athletes who represented a wide range of age, physical, social, and intellectual levels. Research findings indicated an increase in nursing students' affective and cognitive development after this activity...
August 24, 2017: Nurse Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821469/a-cluster-randomized-trial-of-a-middle-school-gender-violence-prevention-program-design-rationale-and-sample-characteristics
#12
Kaleab Z Abebe, Kelley A Jones, Samantha Ciaravino, Lisa Ripper, Taylor Paglisotti, Sarah Elizabeth Morrow, Melanie Grafals, Courtney Van Dusen, Elizabeth Miller
INTRODUCTION: High rates of adolescent relationship abuse (ARA) and sexual violence (SV) reported among adolescents point to the need for prevention among middle school-age youth. This is a cluster randomized controlled trial to test an athletic coach-delivered ARA/SV prevention program in 41 middle schools (38 clusters). Trained coaches talk to their male athletes about 1) what constitutes harmful vs. respectful relationship behaviors, 2) dispelling myths that glorify male sexual aggression and promoting more gender-equitable attitudes, and 3) positive bystander intervention when aggressive male behaviors toward females are witnessed...
August 15, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818416/adolescent-sports-participation-e-cigarette-use-and-cigarette-smoking
#13
Phil Veliz, Sean Esteban McCabe, Vita V McCabe, Carol J Boyd
INTRODUCTION: Although sport participation among adolescents has been found to lower the risk of traditional cigarette smoking, no studies to date have assessed if this type of physical activity lowers the risk of e-cigarette use among adolescents. METHODS: National data from the 2014 and 2015 Monitoring the Future study of 12th-grade students were used and analyses were conducted in 2016. Measures for past 30-day e-cigarette use and traditional cigarette smoking were used to assess differences between adolescents who participated in at least one competitive sport during the past year and adolescents who did not...
August 14, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816171/effect-of-magnesium-supplementation-on-muscular-damage-markers-in-basketball-players-during-a-full-season
#14
Alfredo Córdova Martínez, Diego Fernández-Lázaro, Juan Mielgo-Ayuso, Jesús Seco Calvo, Alberto Caballero García
Although it has been widely accepted that Mg has a positive effect on muscle function, studies on the efficacy of Mg supplementation in young athletes have generated contrasting results. The aim of this work was to examine the effect of Mg supplementation on muscular damage markers and the association between serum Mg levels with these muscular markers. Twelve elite male basketball players (PB) from a team of Spanish Professional Basketball League and a control group (CG) comprising twelve university students who practiced regularly recreational basketball and competed in minor university leagues participated in this study...
May 1, 2017: Magnesium Research: Official Organ of the International Society for the Development of Research on Magnesium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813348/moral-behavior-in-sport
#15
REVIEW
Maria Kavussanu, Nicholas Stanger
In this review paper, we provide an overview of recent research on prosocial and antisocial behaviors, in the context of sport, focusing mainly on antecedents and consequences of these behaviors. Motivational variables such as task orientation, mastery climate, autonomous motivation, and autonomy supportive climate are likely to promote prosocial behavior, whereas ego orientation, performance climate, controlled motivation, and controlling climate may lead to antisocial behavior. The effects of some motivational variables (i...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811750/availability-of-a-sports-dietitian-may-lead-to-improved-performance-and-recovery-of-ncaa-division-i-baseball-athletes
#16
Michael V Hull, Jonathan Neddo, Andrew R Jagim, Jonathan M Oliver, Mike Greenwood, Margaret T Jones
BACKGROUND: The purpose was to survey dietary habits (DH) and nutrient timing (NT) practices of baseball student-athletes (mean ± SD; 20.7 ± 1.4 yr.) from three NCAA Division I institutions, and examine the effect of a sports dietitian (SD) in regard to nutrition practices. METHODS: Descriptive statistics and Pearson X(2) analyses were run. Responses on 10 DH and 5 NT items differed (p ≤ 0.10) between athletes who sought dietary planning from a SD (n = 36) versus those who consulted a strength and conditioning coach (SCC, n = 42)...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810965/the-benefits-and-risks-of-energy-drinks-in-young-adults-and-military-service-members
#17
Julianne Manchester, Inbal Eshel, Donald W Marion
INTRODUCTION: Energy drinks (EDs) have become an integral part of the young adult, athletic, and military culture. Many athletes are convinced that EDs enhance performance, and service members as well as college students frequently use EDs as stimulants to counter sleep deprivation, or to improve academic performance. However, concerns have been raised by some military leaders about potential adverse effects of EDs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A needs assessment survey of a convenience sample of military health care providers was conducted and identified EDs as a top knowledge need for those providers working in the area of traumatic brain injury (TBI)...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800770/knowledge-of-pharmacy-students-about-doping-and-the-need-for-doping-education-a-questionnaire-survey
#18
Keita Shibata, Koichi Ichikawa, Naomi Kurata
BACKGROUND: Anti-doping activities are carried out on a global scale. Based on these activities, the specialty of "sports pharmacist," which entails a deeper comprehension of doping, use of supplements, and appropriate drug use for athletes, was established in 2009 in Japan. It is difficult to say whether the education on doping is adequate for pharmacy students who will be eligible to become sports pharmacists. It is also unclear how well these students understand doping. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate pharmacy students' current knowledge of appropriate drug use, doping and use of supplements, and to explore the need for further education on these topics...
August 11, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796530/athletic-trainers-roles-and-responsibilities-regarding-academic-adjustments-as-part-of-the-concussion-management-process-in-the-secondary-school-setting
#19
Cailee E Welch Bacon, Melissa C Kay, Tamara C Valovich McLeod
CONTEXT:   Athletic trainers (ATs) play a vital role in managing the care of student-athletes after a sport-related concussion, yet little is known about their specific involvement in the implementation of academic adjustments as part of the concussion-management plan. OBJECTIVE:   To explore ATs' perceived roles and responsibilities regarding the implementation of academic adjustments for concussed student-athletes. DESIGN:   Qualitative study...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793153/a-collaborative-model-for-return-to-academics-after-concussion-athletic-training-and-speech-language-pathology
#20
Sarah A Dachtyl, Pedro Morales
Purpose: In this article, we describe an academic concussion management protocol designed for grades Pre-K to 12, called Cognitive Return to Exertion (CoRTEx). Collaboration between the speech-language pathologist (SLP) and athletic trainer (AT) is highlighted. Method: A description of CoRTEx is provided, and the need for collaboration is emphasized. A case study illustrates an example of how CoRTEx can be implemented at the individual student level. Results: A total of 165 students went through CoRTEx from the pilot in April 2014 through December 2016...
August 15, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
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