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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904799/a-clinical-guide-to-the-assessment-and-treatment-of-breathing-pattern-disorders-in-the-physically-active-part-2-a-case-series
#1
Jena Hansen-Honeycutt, Erin B Chapman, Alan Nasypany, Russell T Baker, Jim May
INTRODUCTION: Breathing pattern disorders (BPDs) are characterized by persistent, suboptimal breathing strategies that may result in additional musculoskeletal pain and/or dysfunction. The purpose of this case series was to examine the effects of Primal Reflex Release Technique (PRRT) and breathing exercise interventions in physically active individuals that presented with a primary complaint of musculoskeletal pain, a BPD, and startle reflexes. SUBJECTS: The assessment techniques described in Part 1 of this series were used to identify three student athletes (aged 16-22) who presented with musculoskeletal pain of the low back, mid back, and knee, BPDs, and startle reflexes...
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904796/functional-hop-tests-and-tuck-jump-assessment-scores-between-female-division-i-collegiate-athletes-participating-in-high-versus-low-acl-injury-prone-sports-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#2
Philipp Hoog, Meghan Warren, Craig A Smith, Nicole J Chimera
BACKGROUND: Although functional tests including the single leg hop (SLH), triple hop (TH), cross over hop (COH) for distance, and the tuck jump assessment (TJA) are used for return to play (RTP) criteria for post anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury, sport-specific baseline measurements are limited. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine differences in SLH, TH, and COH distance and limb symmetry index (LSI), as well as total scores, number of jumps, and individual flaws of the TJA in 97 injury-free Division I (DI) collegiate female student athletes participating in ACL injury prone vs...
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904788/examination-of-the-patellofemoral-joint
#3
Robert C Manske, George J Davies
Patellofemoral pain is one of the leading causes of knee pain in athletes. The many causes of patellofemoral pain make diagnosis unpredictable and examination and treatment difficult. This clinical commentary discusses a detailed physical examination routine for the patient with patellofemoral pain. Critically listening and obtaining a detailed medical history followed by a clearly structured physical examination will allow the physical therapist to diagnose most forms of patellofemoral pain. This clinical commentary goes one step further by suggesting an examination scheme and order in which it should be performed during the examination process...
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900182/concussion-reporting-behaviours-of-community-college-student-athletes-and-limits-of-transferring-concussion-knowledge-during-the-stress-of-competition
#4
Nancy Resendes Chinn, Paul Porter
: Concussion education for student-athletes is mandated by several states and is becoming an integral component of concussion management programmes; however, little is known about student-athlete concussion knowledge and self-reporting of suspected concussion. This study explored to what extent collegiate student-athletes are knowledgeable on the topic of concussion, the relationship between having concussion knowledge and reporting behaviours, and factors contributing to not reporting when education has been provided...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900167/scat2-and-scat3-scores-at-baseline-and-after-sports-related-mild-brain-injury-concussion-qualitative-synthesis-with-weighted-means
#5
Roger E Thomas, Jorge Alves, Marcus M Vaska, Rosana Magalhães
OBJECTIVE: Identify all Sport Concussion Assessment Tool (SCAT2/3) studies, compare baseline and postconcussion results. DESIGN: Systematic review (qualitative synthesis, weighted means). DATA SOURCES: 18 databases, 9 grey literature resources searched for SCAT2/3 data; 9150 articles identified, titles/abstracts assessed/data-entry independently by two reviewers. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: Any studies reporting partial/complete SCAT2/3 data...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899680/normative-tandem-gait-in-collegiate-student-athletes-implications-for-clinical-concussion-assessment
#6
Jessie R Oldham, Melissa S DiFabio, Thomas W Kaminski, Ryan M DeWolf, Thomas A Buckley
BACKGROUND: Impaired balance is common after concussion. The third edition of the Sport Concussion Assessment Tool (SCAT-3) recommends the Balance Error Scoring System (BESS) and/or tandem gait for postconcussion balance assessment. The limitations of the BESS are well documented; however, tandem gait has received little attention throughout concussion literature. The purpose of this study was to provide normative data for tandem gait in collegiate student-athletes based on sport type, concussion history, and gender...
November 29, 2016: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893486/rankings-of-high-school-sports-injury-rates-differ-based-on-time-loss-assessments
#7
Zachary Y Kerr, Karen G Roos, Aristarque Djoko, Thomas P Dompier, Stephen W Marshall
OBJECTIVE: To examine how injury definition inclusiveness affects the rank order of injury rates in 27 high school (HS) sports. DESIGN: The National Athletic Treatment, Injury and Outcomes Network (NATION) used certified athletic trainers (ATs) to collect injury and athlete-exposure (AE) data in practices and competitions for 27 HS sports during the 2011/2012 to 2013/2014 academic years. Time loss (TL) injuries resulted in ≥24 hours of participation restriction...
November 23, 2016: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893262/reducing-barriers-to-mental-health-care-for-student-athletes-an-integrated-care-model
#8
Laura E Sudano, Greg Collins, Christopher M Miles
Research suggests that National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I student-athletes have higher levels of stress and other behavioral health issues, including substance use, than nonathletes. For several reasons, student-athletes may be less likely to admit to behavioral health issues and seek mental health care. Integrated care is a model of care that integrates behavioral health into a medical practice. This article explores the newly released NCAA Best Mental Health Practice guidelines and the application of integrated care to a Division I athletic training room setting using the three-worldview framework for successful integration, incorporating clinical outcomes, operational reliability, and financial stability...
November 28, 2016: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872757/sports-nutrition-knowledge-among-mid-major-division-i-university-student-athletes
#9
Ashley Andrews, Janet R Wojcik, Joni M Boyd, Charles J Bowers
Competitive athletes have goals to optimize performance and to maintain healthy body composition. Sports nutrition is a component of training programs often overlooked by student-athletes and their coaches. The purpose of this study was to examine student-athletes' sports nutrition knowledge across sex, class level, team, and completion of prior nutrition coursework. Participants included 123 mid-major Division I university student-athletes (47 females and 76 males) from baseball, softball, men's soccer, track and field, and tennis...
2016: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870697/functional-movement-screen-factorial-validity-and-measurement-invariance-across-sex-among-collegiate-student-athletes
#10
Stacy L Gnacinski, David J Cornell, Barbara B Meyer, Monna Arvinen-Barrow, Jennifer E Earl-Boehm
Gnacinski, SL, Cornell, DJ, Meyer, BB, Arvinen-Barrow, M, and Earl-Boehm, JE. Functional Movement Screen factorial validity and measurement invariance across sex among collegiate student-athletes. J Strength Cond Res 30(12): 3388-3395, 2016-The Functional Movement Screen (FMS) is a screening tool used to evaluate functional movement quality and subsequent musculoskeletal injury risk. Despite recent research on the factorial validity of the FMS, no confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) has been conducted to examine measurement invariance across sex among student-athletes...
December 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870086/health-care-for-nfl-players-upholding-physician-standards-and-enhancing-the-doctor-patient-relationship
#11
Laurent Duvernay-Tardif
Beginning my third year with the Kansas City Chiefs and being also a medical student at McGill University, I was at first a little reluctant to comment on Glenn Cohen et al.'s critique of the National Football League's structure involving player health and team doctors, but the opportunity to provide a perspective as both a football player and a medical student was too much to forgo. Because of my athletic and academic background, I am often asked what I think about injuries in professional sports and about the role of sports medicine physicians, and Cohen et al...
November 2016: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843436/lifetime-multiple-mild-traumatic-brain-injuries-are-associated-with-cognitive-and-mood-symptoms-in-young-healthy-college-students
#12
Kyle C Vynorius, Alyssa M Paquin, Daniel R Seichepine
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Repetitive mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI, also known as concussion) has been associated with a range of long-term mood and cognitive deficits, including executive dysfunction. Previous research in athletes suggests that cognitive and mood problems are associated with a history of repetitive mTBI. However, to date, no studies have examined the impact of a lifetime accumulation of repetitive mTBIs on cognition, particularly executive functioning, and mood in a sample of young adults who were not athletes...
2016: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834577/the-reliability-and-discriminative-ability-of-the-overhead-squat-test-for-observational-screening-of-medial-knee-displacement
#13
Eric G Post, Matthew Olson, Stephanie Trigsted, Scott Hetzel, David R Bell
CONTEXT: The OHS is a functional screening exam that is used to identify high-risk movement profiles such as medial knee displacement (MKD). The reliability and discriminative ability of observational screening during the OHS to identify MKD have yet to be established. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the reliability and discriminative ability of observational screening for medial knee displacement MKD during the overhead squat (OHS) test. STUDY DESIGN: Clinical measurement, cross sectional...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834575/concussion-history-and-time-since-concussion-do-not-influence-static-and-dynamic-balance-in-collegiate-athletes
#14
Eric D Merritt, Julianne D Schmidt, Cathleen N Brown, Robin M Queen, Kathy J Simpson
CONTEXT: Dynamic balance deficits exist following a concussion, sometimes years after injury. However, clinicians lack practical tools for assessing dynamic balance. OBJECTIVE: To determine if there are significant differences in static and dynamic balance performance between individuals with and without a history of concussion. DESIGN: Cross sectional Setting: Clinical research laboratory. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: Forty-five collegiate student-athletes with a history of concussion (Hx) (23 males, 22 females; age=20...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834570/evolution-of-game-s-demands-from-young-to-elite-players-in-men-s-volleyball
#15
Antonio García-de-Alcaraz Serrano, David Valadés, José M Palao
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the evolution of the game's demands throughout players' development in men's volleyball. METHODS: A total of 150 sets and 6.671 rallies were analysed. The sample was composed of 30 sets each by under-14, under-16, under-19, national senior, and international senior teams (1.291, 1.318, 1.310, 1.372 and 1.380 rallies for each category, respectively). Sets included in the sample were stratified and then randomly selected...
November 11, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834502/support-received-during-the-transition-to-practice-for-the-secondary-school-graduate-assistant-athletic-trainer
#16
Stephanie M Mazerolle, Stacy E Walker, Jessica L Kirby
CONTEXT:  Transitioning into clinical practice can be stressful for the newly credentialed athletic trainer (AT). The support provided by mentors, peers, and athletic training faculty can increase confidence and enhance the transition. To create specific initiatives for a smoother transition, the perspectives of those in the secondary school setting are needed. OBJECTIVE:  To examine the transition to practice and mentorship of newly credentialed ATs providing medical care in the secondary school setting...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813391/physical-fitness-characteristics-of-adolescent-wushu-athletes
#17
Hsiao C Huang, Wen L Wu, Yu K Chang, I H Chu
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine the physical fitness of wushu athletes in junior high schools and to compare their fitness with that of track-and-field and basketball athletes, as well as general junior high school students. METHODS: A total of 120 participants aged 12-15 years were recruited for this study (wushu n = 30; track-and-field n = 30; basketball n = 30; general students n = 30). Participants' height, weight, flexibility, muscle endurance, cardiorespiratory endurance, agility, power, and static and dynamic balance were assessed and compared among sports groups and general students...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812448/weekly-physical-activity-patterns-of-university-students-are-athletes-more-active-than-non-athletes
#18
Filipe Manuel Clemente, Pantelis Theodoros Nikolaidis, Fernando Manuel Lourenço Martins, Rui Sousa Mendes
The aim of the present study was to compare weekly physical activity (PA) and obesity-related markers in athlete and non-athlete university students. One hundred and twenty-six university students (53 males, 20.46 ± 2.04 years old, and 73 females, 19.69 ± 1.32 years old) participated in this study. Participants were fitted with a tri-axial accelerometer (ActiGraph wGT3X-BT, Shalimar, FL, USA) to assess the daily PA. Anthropometric measures of height, weight, BMI and %fat mass were determined with a stadiometer and an electronic scale...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807181/the-effects-of-positive-and-negative-feedback-on-maximal-voluntary-contraction-level-of-the-biceps-brachii-muscle-moderating-roles-of-gender-and-conscientiousness
#19
Murat Sarıkabak, Çetin Yaman, Serdar Tok, Erdal Binboga
We investigated the effect of positive and negative feedback on maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) of the biceps brachii muscle and explored the mediating effects of gender and conscientiousness. During elbow flexion, MVCs were measured in positive, negative, and no-feedback conditions. Participants were divided into high- and low-conscientiousness groups based on the median split of their scores on Tatar's five-factor personality inventory. Considering all participants 46 college student athletes (21 female, 28 male), positive feedback led to a greater MVC percentage change (-5...
November 2, 2016: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803871/analysis-on-sports-and-recreation-activity-related-eye-injuries-presenting-to-the-emergency-department
#20
Sungbae Moon, Hyun Wook Ryoo, Jae Yun Ahn, Jung Bae Park, Kang Suk Seo, Sang Do Shin, Kyoung Jun Song, Kang Hyun Lee, In Sool Yoo, Jin Seong Cho, Hyun Ho Ryu, Tae Oh Jeong, Seok Ran Yeom, Young Taek Kim, Sung Ok Hong
AIM: To investigate the incidence and general characteristics of sports-related eye injuries in patients visiting the Emergency Department. METHODS: A cross-sectional, multi-center, observational study. Patients with an injured eye who visited the Emergency Department at one of nine hospitals in Korea were enrolled. All data were prospectively collected between March and September 2010 using a questionnaire. Eye injuries that occurred during risky sports were examined by gender and age...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
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