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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792780/cardiovascular-screening-practices-and-attitudes-from-the-ncaa-autonomous-power-5-conferences
#1
Christopher W Miars, Andreas Stamatis, Grant B Morgan, Jonathan A Drezner
BACKGROUND: The development of athlete-specific electrocardiogram (ECG) interpretation standards, along with recent rates of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in athletes being higher than previously estimated, has heightened the debate in the sports medicine community regarding cardiovascular screening of the college athlete, including whether certain high-risk subsets, such as male basketball athletes, should undergo more intensive screening. HYPOTHESIS: ECG and/or echocardiography screening in National Collegiate Athletic Association Autonomous 5 Division I (A5DI) schools will be more common than previous reports, and there will be more frequent use of noninvasive cardiac screening for men's basketball players than the general athlete population...
May 1, 2018: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788071/educating-australian-musicians-are-we-playing-it-safe
#2
Suzanne Wijsman, Bronwen J Ackermann
The effectiveness of health promotion through arts engagement, and the health benefits and social importance of music in particular, are becoming increasingly recognized. However, like sport, music-making is an athletic endeavour, one that often involves high physiological and psychological loadings on the bodies and minds of musicians. Research over the past 30 years has revealed alarming rates of injury among musicians, and has identified health risk factors associated with music performance faced by professional and student musicians...
May 17, 2018: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776619/poor-sleep-quality-and-insufficient-sleep-of-a-collegiate-student-athlete-population
#3
Cheri D Mah, Eric J Kezirian, Brandon M Marcello, William C Dement
OBJECTIVE: Poor and inadequate sleep negatively impact cognitive and physical functioning and may also affect sports performance. The study aim is to examine sleep quality, sleep duration, and daytime sleepiness in collegiate student-athletes across a wide range of sports. DESIGN: Questionnaire. SETTING: University setting. PARTICIPANTS: 628 athletes across 29 varsity teams at Stanford University. MEASUREMENTS: Athletes completed a questionnaire inquiring about sleep quality via a modified Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), sleep duration, and daytime sleepiness via Epworth Sleepiness Scale...
June 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772943/school-nurses-management-and-collaborative-practices-for-student-athletes-following-sport-related-concussion
#4
Michelle L Weber, Cailee E Welch Bacon, Tamara Valovich McLeod
The purpose of this study was to examine school nurses' management and collaboration with health-care providers (HCPs) for student-athletes following a concussion. Secondary school nurses accessed an online survey titled the Beliefs, Attitudes, and Knowledge of Pediatric Athletes with Concussions (access rate = 15.6%; n = 1,246/8,000). Approximately 40% of schools where nurses were employed administered baseline and postinjury concussion assessments. No significant differences were found between employment model (single vs...
January 1, 2018: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764297/identifying-dyslexia-risk-for-sport-related-concussion-management-sensitivity-and-specificity-of-self-report-and-rapid-naming
#5
Rebecca Wiseheart, Robin Wellington
BACKGROUND: Dyslexia is the most common type of learning disability and studies have shown that student-athletes with learning disabilities sustain more concussions than their non-affected peers. However, current methods of dyslexia identification in college students are potentially invalid because they rely on students to self-report formal dyslexia diagnoses. METHODS: To test the accuracy of self-report against two alternative methods of dyslexia screening, 94 college students completed three dyslexia symptom inventories, two rapid naming (RAN) tasks, and a standard word reading measure...
May 15, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758507/recovery-practices-in-division-1-collegiate-athletes-in-north-america
#6
Andrew Murray, Hugh Fullagar, Anthony P Turner, John Sproule
OBJECTIVES: Establish current practice and attitudes towards recovery in a group of Division-1 Collegiate athletes from North America. DESIGN: A 16-item questionnaire was administered via custom software in an electronic format. PARTICIPANTS: 152 student athletes from a Division-1 Collegiate school across 3 sports (Basketball, American Football, Soccer). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The approaches and attitudes to recovery in both training and competition...
May 8, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755056/therapeutic-recreation-in-the-public-schools-a-community-partnership
#7
Frederick Green, Christopher Brown, Evelyn Gordon, Deborah Martin
BACKGROUND: In 2002, the University of Southern Mississippi's Therapeutic Recreation Program and the Hattiesburg (MS) Public School District's Department of Exceptional Children and Health Services formed a partnership that has lasted (off and on) for 15 years. METHODS: The partnership was formed based on a shared mission of education and training, and grew in depth based on reciprocated respect and support. RESULTS: Early collaborative efforts included simple programming efforts that provided health and educational benefits for the students with disabilities in the public schools and training for the future professionals in therapeutic recreation at the university...
2018: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747907/does-field-hockey-increase-morphofunctional-asymmetry-a-pilot-study
#8
M Krzykała, P Leszczyński, M Grześkowiak, T Podgórski, M Woźniewicz-Dobrzyńska, A Konarska, R Strzelczyk, J Lewandowski, J M Konarski
Common practice in field hockey requires athletes to adopt a semi-crouched posture, so players have a greater risk of musculoskeletal disorders than non-athletes. The aim of the present study was to assess how field hockey determines asymmetry in morphological and functional characteristics of the body by comparing athletes to control participants. The sample consisted of 15 male field hockey players from the Polish Youth National Team and 14 male university students. Antimeric differences in the chosen variables between body sub-regions were assessed...
March 27, 2018: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742744/examination-of-self-myofascial-release-vs-instrument-assisted-soft-tissue-mobilization-techniques-on-vertical-and-horizontal-power-in-recreational-athletes
#9
Debra A Stroiney, Rebecca L Mokris, Gary R Hanna, John D Ranney
Stroiney, DA, Mokris, RL, Hanna, GR, and Ranney, JD. Examination of self-myofascial release vs. instrument-assisted soft-tissue mobilization techniques on vertical and horizontal power in recreational athletes. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-This study examined whether pre-exercise self-myofascial release (SMR) and instrument-assisted soft-tissue mobilization (IASTM) would improve performance on measures of vertical jump height and 40-yd sprint time. Differences in perceived pain levels were also examined...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741916/test-performance-and-test-retest-reliability-of-the-vestibular-ocular-motor-screening-and-king-devick-test-in-adolescent-athletes-during-a-competitive-sport-season
#10
Phillip R Worts, Philip Schatz, Scott O Burkhart
BACKGROUND: The Vestibular/Ocular Motor Screening (VOMS) and King-Devick (K-D) test are tools designed to assess ocular or vestibular function after a sport-related concussion. PURPOSE: To determine the test-retest reliability and rate of false-positive results of the VOMS and K-D test in a healthy athlete sample. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study (diagnosis); Level of evidence, 2. METHODS: Forty-five healthy high school student-athletes (mean age, 16...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737227/post-concussion-driving-behaviors-and-opinions-a-survey-of-collegiate-student-athletes
#11
Julianne D Schmidt, Robert C Lynall, Landon Bryce Lempke, Michelle L Weber, Hannes Devos
Post-concussion driving restrictions are eminent, but we lack understanding of current behaviors and opinions about driving following concussion among populations at risk of concussion. We aimed to describe post-concussion driving behaviors and opinions among collegiate student-athletes. Student-athletes completed a survey (response rate=45.3%, 223/492) regarding their post-concussion driving behaviors and opinions. Response frequencies and percentages are presented. Student-athletes self-reported a total of 169 lifetime concussions (0...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733680/change-in-koos-and-womac-scores-in-a-young-athletic-population-with-and-without-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury
#12
Ivan J Antosh, Steven J Svoboda, Karen Y Peck, E'Stephan J Garcia, Kenneth L Cameron
BACKGROUND: Several studies have examined changes in patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury, but no studies to date have prospectively evaluated changes from preinjury baseline through injury and follow-up among ACL-injured patients compared to the baseline and follow-up changes of uninjured patients. PURPOSE: To examine changes in PROMs over time from preinjury baseline to at least 2 years after ACL reconstruction and to compare these changes with those of an uninjured control group having similar physical activity requirements...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713248/development-and-validation-of-a-brief-general-and-sports-nutrition-knowledge-questionnaire-and-assessment-of-athletes-nutrition-knowledge
#13
Gina Louise Trakman, Adrienne Forsyth, Russell Hoye, Regina Belski
Background: The Nutrition for Sport Knowledge Questionnaire (NSKQ) is an 89-item, valid and reliable measure of sports nutrition knowledge (SNK). It takes 25 min to complete and has been subject to low completion and response rates. The aim of this study was to develop an abridged version of the NSKQ (A-NSKQ) and compare response rates, completion rates and NK scores of the NSKQ and A-NSKQ. Methods: Rasch analysis was used for the questionnaire validation. The sample ( n  = 181) was the same sample that was used in the validation of the full-length NSKQ...
2018: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688028/transition-to-practice-for-graduate-assistant-athletic-trainers-providing-medical-care-in-the-secondary-school-setting
#14
Jessica L Kirby, Stacy E Walker, Stephanie M Mazerolle
CONTEXT:   Transition to clinical practice can be challenging for newly credentialed athletic trainers (ATs), who are expected to immediately step into their roles as autonomous clinicians. For those providing care in the secondary school setting, this transition may be complicated by the fact that many practice in isolation from other health care providers. OBJECTIVE:   To explore the transition to practice of newly credentialed graduate assistant ATs providing medical care in the secondary school setting...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687074/the-relationship-between-concussion-and-alcohol-consumption-among-university-athletes
#15
Bradey Alcock, Caitlyn Gallant, Dawn Good
Introduction: This study investigated concussion as a potential risk factor for increased alcohol consumption in university athletes. Methods: Using a cross-sectional design, 41 university students (37% with a history of concussion) completed self-report measures, while electrodermal activation (EDA) was recorded for each participant to capture baseline physiological arousal. Results: As expected, concussion status significantly predicted alcohol consumption over and above athletic status, b  = 0...
June 2018: Addictive Behaviors Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683924/ca-mrsa-infection-rates-and-management-among-student-athletes
#16
Tim Braun, Leamor Kahanov
PURPOSE: Although community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) infections have reduced among inpatient populations, the incidence in athletics continues to range greatly dependent on the sport. Over the 2015-2016 and 2016-2017 school years, we assessed the annual CA-MRSA incidence, sport risk, referral practices, and management protocols or interventions among high school and intercollegiate athletics. METHODS: This study targeted high school and intercollegiate athletic programs across the United States...
April 21, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672135/influences-of-mental-illness-current-psychological-state-and-concussion-history-on-baseline-concussion-assessment-performance
#17
Michelle L Weber, John-Henry L Dean, Nicole L Hoffman, Steven P Broglio, Michael McCrea, Thomas W McAllister, Julianne D Schmidt, April Reed Hoy, Joseph B Hazzard, Louise A Kelly, Justus D Ortega, Nicholas Port, Margot Putukian, T Dianne Langford, Ryan Tierney, Darren E Campbell, Gerald McGinty, Patrick O'Donnell, Steven J Svoboda, John P DiFiori, Christopher C Giza, Holly J Benjamin, Thomas Buckley, Thomas W Kaminski, James R Clugston, Luis A Feigenbaum, James T Eckner, Kevin Guskiewicz, Jason P Mihalik, Jessica Dysart Miles, Scott Anderson, Christina L Master, Micky Collins, Anthony P Kontos, Jeffrey J Bazarian, Sara P D Chrisman, Allison Brooks, Stefan Duma, Christopher Todd Bullers, Christopher M Miles, Brian H Dykhuizen
BACKGROUND: A student-athlete's mental state, including history of trait anxiety and depression, or current psychological state may affect baseline concussion assessment performance. PURPOSE: (1) To determine if mental illness (anxiety, depression, anxiety with depression) influences baseline scores, (2) to determine if psychological state correlates with baseline performance, and (3) to determine if history of concussion affects Brief Symptom Inventory-18 (BSI-18) subscores of state anxiety, depression, and somatization...
April 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670754/student-experiences-with-traffic-light-labels-at-college-cafeterias-a-mixed-methods-study
#18
M W Seward, J P Block, A Chatterjee
Objective: To assess student perceptions of traffic-light labels (TLLs) in college cafeterias. Design: Cross-sectional, mixed-methods study. Setting: One northeastern US college. Participants: A total of 1,294 survey respondents; 57 focus group participants. Interventions: Seven-week traffic-light labelling (green = 'nutrient-rich', yellow = 'less nutrient-rich', red = 'more nutrient-rich choice in green or yellow') intervention at two college cafeterias...
April 2018: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667845/development-of-an-instrument-to-assess-athletic-trainers-attitudes-toward-transgender-patients
#19
Kristine A Ensign, Brian M Dodge, Debra Herbenick, Carrie L Docherty
CONTEXT:   The unique contexts in which athletic trainers (ATs) work require specific tools in order to understand their attitudes toward diverse patient populations, including sexual and gender minorities. OBJECTIVE:   To develop and validate the Attitudes Toward Transgender Patients (ATTP) instrument for ATs. DESIGN:   Cross-sectional study. SETTING:   Semistructured interviews, paper-based questionnaire, and electronic questionnaire...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658150/proximal-patellar-tendon-pathology-can-develop-during-adolescence-in-young-ballet-dancers-a-2-year-longitudinal-study
#20
A Rudavsky, J L Cook, S Docking
PURPOSE: Patellar tendinopathy (tendon pain and dysfunction), or jumper's knee is prevalent in adult jumping athletes. Pathology in the proximal patellar tendon is a key risk factor for developing patellar tendinopathy. When pathology develops in the proximal patellar tendon is not known, though it is reported to exist in adolescent athletes. The aim of this study was to follow young jumping athletes (ballet dancers) through adolescence to identify if pathology develops and its relation to the adolescent growth spurt...
April 15, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
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