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Student athlete

Christopher P Tomczyk, Megan Mormile, Megan S Wittenberg, Jody L Langdon, Tamerah N Hunt
CONTEXT:   An estimated 15.3 million adolescent students are enrolled in U.S. high schools, with approximately 7.8 million participating in athletics. Researchers have examined various demographics in high school athletes; however, athletic participation may play a larger role in test performance than previously thought. Currently, investigations of concussion assessment may rely on uninjured athletes as controls. However, due to the intense nature of athletics, this may not be an appropriate practice...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
Derek Kellar, Sharlene Newman, Franco Pestilli, Hu Cheng, Nicholas L Port
Objectives: Though sub-concussive impacts are common during contact sports, there is little consensus whether repeat blows affect brain function. Using a "lifetime exposure" rather than acute exposure approach, we examined oculomotor performance and brain activation among collegiate football players and two control groups. Our analysis examined whether there are group differences in eye movement behavioral performance and in brain activation during smooth pursuit. Methods: Data from 21 off-season Division I football "starters" were compared with a) 19 collegiate cross-country runners, and b) 11 non-athlete college students who were SES matched to the football player group (total N  = 51)...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
Takafumi Monma, Akira Ando, Tohru Asanuma, Yutaka Yoshitake, Goichiro Yoshida, Taiki Miyazawa, Naoyuki Ebine, Satoko Takeda, Naomi Omi, Makoto Satoh, Kumpei Tokuyama, Fumi Takeda
OBJECTIVE: To clarify sleep disorder risk factors among student athletes, this study examined the relationship between lifestyle habits, competition activities, psychological distress, and sleep disorders. METHODS: Student athletes (N = 906; male: 70.1%; average age: 19.1 ± 0.8 years) in five university sports departments from four Japanese regions were targeted for analysis. Survey items were attributes (age, gender, and body mass index), sleep disorders (recorded through the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index), lifestyle habits (bedtime, wake-up time, smoking, drinking alcohol, meals, part-time jobs, and use of electronics after lights out), competition activities (activity contents and competition stressors), and psychological distress (recorded through the K6 scale)...
April 2018: Sleep Medicine
Karen E Johnson, Marian Morris, Annie-Laurie McRee
Pre-participation physical exams (PPEs) hold great potential for addressing adolescents' health-risk behaviors. School nurses may be well positioned to assist with PPEs, yet little is known about their involvement. In this mixed methods study conducted in 2015, we collected data from school nurses in Texas (surveys, n = 208; key informant interviews, n = 10) to explore their roles and attitudes toward being involved in PPEs and addressing health-risk behaviors. Most respondents described minimal involvement in PPEs or were not involved to their full scope of practice...
April 2018: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
Sara L Nottingham, Tricia M Kasamatsu
BACKGROUND: Preceptors are important contributors to the professional development of students in allied healthcare programs. Considering their role in supervising and teaching students during clinical education, it is important that preceptors understand and embody effective characteristics and behaviors. Most existing research on preceptor effectiveness in nursing, medicine, and dietetics professions has examined preceptor and student perceptions of effective behaviors independently...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
Barry P Katz, Maria Kudela, Jaroslaw Harezlak, Michael McCrea, Thomas McAllister, Steven P Broglio
BACKGROUND: Sport-related concussion and repetitive head impact exposure in contact sports continue to receive increased attention in public and medical spheres. The Concussion Assessment, Research and Education (CARE) Consortium, a multicenter cooperative, was established to study the natural history of concussion in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) collegiate student-athletes across 29 colleges and universities in the United States. The purpose of this investigation is to provide normative data from the CARE Consortium and evaluate for differences between sport categories...
March 1, 2018: Sports Medicine
Catherine Coccia, Stephanie Mihaly Fernandes, Julinar Altiti
The main objective of this study was to determine the feasibility and efficacy of a social media-based nutrition intervention using Twitter on nutrition knowledge, dietary practices, body mass index, self-efficacy, and social support among student-athletes. Participants included 50 male and female NCAA Division I student-athletes between the ages of 18-24 years old. Data were collected in October 2014. The study design employed a six-week, social media intervention using Twitter©, to increase nutrition knowledge, self-efficacy, social support and dietary adherence to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommendations...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Kyle R Sochacki, Robert A Jack, Richard Nauert, Shari R Liberman, Patrick C McCulloch, David M Lintner, Joshua D Harris
BACKGROUND: Acute ruptures of the ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) of the thumb are common injuries in sports. Surgical repair of complete tears has yielded excellent results in elite athletes. METHODS: National Football League (NFL) players who underwent thumb UCL surgery and matched controls were identified. Demographic and performance data were collected. Performance scores were calculated using a standardized scoring system. Return to sport (RTS) in the NFL was defined as playing in at least 1 NFL game after thumb UCL surgery...
February 1, 2018: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
Giannis Arnaoutis, Michael Georgoulis, Glykeria Psarra, Anna Milkonidou, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos, Dafni Kyriakou, Elena Bellou, Konstantinos D Tambalis, Labros S Sidossis
Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate physical fitness (PF) and identify its anthropometric and lifestyle determinants in a sample of Greek schoolchildren. Methods: The study sample consisted of 335,810 schoolchildren (♂: 51.3%, 6-18 years old). Students' anthropometric parameters and PF levels-assessed via the Eurofit test battery-were measured by trained physical education teachers and evaluated according to the available norms, while their lifestyle habits were assessed through a questionnaire...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
Władysław Jagiełło, Jagiełło Marina, Kalina Roman Maciej, Barczyński Bartłomiej Jan, Litwiniuk Artur, Klimczak Jarosław
Fencing is a combat sport whose form of direct confrontation involves hitting the opponent with a weapon. The purpose of the study was to determine the properties of body composition of female representatives of the Polish national fencing team. The study involved 11 female athletes of the Polish national fencing team. Their age was 16-22 years (19±2.32), body weight 52-78 kg (59.7±7.4), body height 158-183 cm (167.46±6.10) and the training experience 7.64±3.47 years. The reference group consisted of 153 students of Warsaw University of Technology (Poland)...
December 2017: Biology of Sport
Benjamin L Brett, Andrew W Kuhn, Aaron M Yengo-Kahn, Gary S Solomon, Scott L Zuckerman
Objective: The empirical identification of risk factors associated with sport-related concussion (SRC) may improve the management of student-athletes. The current study attempted to identify and quantify bio-cognitive risk factors associated with sustaining a SRC. Methods: Cross-sectional ambispective study; level of evidence, 3. Neurocognitive testing of 12,320 middle school, high school and collegiate athletes was completed at preseason baseline and post-SRC. Univariate and multivariable logistic regressions were used to determine which pre-injury variables accurately predicted the occurrence of SRC...
February 17, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
Stephanie M Mazerolle, Sarah L Myers, Stacy E Walker, Jessica Kirby
CONTEXT:   Professional commitment, or one's affinity and loyalty to a career, has become a topic of interest in athletic training. The expanding research on the topic, however, has omitted newly credentialed athletic trainers (ATs). For an impressionable group of practitioners, transitioning to clinical practice can be stressful. OBJECTIVE:   To explore the professional commitment of newly credentialed ATs in the secondary school setting. SETTING:   Secondary school...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
Matilda Sorkkila, Kaisa Aunola, Katariina Salmela-Aro, Asko Tolvanen, Tatiana V Ryba
Student-athletes who strive for success in high level sports while pursuing upper secondary education may be prone to sport and school burnout. The present study examined the co-developmental dynamic of sport and school burnout in Finnish adolescent student-athletes (N time 1 = 391; N time 2 = 373) across the first year of upper secondary school by using cross-lagged structural equation modeling (SEM). Furthermore, we used sport and school-related achievement goals as predictors of sport and school burnout, namely, sport and school-related exhaustion, cynicism, and feelings of inadequacy...
February 17, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
Chiara Giraudo, Stanislav Motyka, Michael Weber, Manuela Karner, Christoph Resinger, Thorsten Feiweier, Siegfried Trattnig, Wolfgang Bogner
OBJECTIVES: To assess acute muscle tears in professional football players by diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and evaluate the impact of normalization of data. METHODS: Eight football players with acute lower limb muscle tears were examined. DTI metrics of the injured muscle and corresponding healthy contralateral muscle and of ROIs drawn in muscle tears (ROItear) in the corresponding healthy contralateral muscle (ROIhc_t) in a healthy area ipsilateral to the injury (ROIhi) and in a corresponding contralateral area (ROIhc_i) were compared...
February 8, 2018: European Radiology
John P Higgins, Kavita Babu, Patricia A Deuster, Jane Shearer
Since their introduction in 1987, energy drinks have become increasingly popular and the energy drink market has grown at record pace into a multibillion-dollar global industry. Young people, students, office workers, athletes, weekend warriors, and service members frequently consume energy drinks. Both health care providers and consumers must recognize the difference between energy drinks, traditional beverages (e.g., coffee, tea, soft drinks/sodas, juices, or flavored water), and sports drinks. The research about energy drinks safety and efficacy is often contradictory, given the disparate protocols and types of products consumed: this makes it difficult to draw firm conclusions...
February 2018: Current Sports Medicine Reports
Julie M Cavallario, Bonnie L Van Lunen, Johanna M Hoch, Matthew Hoch, Sarah A Manspeaker, Shana L Pribesh
CONTEXT: Health care research evidence suggests that early patient encounters (PEs), as well as the purposeful implementation of professional core competencies (CCs), for athletic training students (ATSs) may be beneficial to their ability to provide care. However, no investigators have related facets of the clinical education experience with CC implementation as a form of summative assessment of the clinical experience. OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between the frequency and length of PEs, as well as the student's role and clinical site during PEs, and the students' perceived CC implementation during these encounters...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
Mia Beck Lichtenstein, Mark D Griffiths, Simone Daugaard Hemmingsen, René Klinkby Støving
Background Behavioral addictions often onset in adolescence and increase the risk of psychological and social problems later in life. The core symptoms of addiction are tolerance, withdrawal symptoms, lack of control, and compulsive occupation with the behavior. Psychometrically validated tools are required for detection and early intervention. Adolescent screening instruments exist for several behavioral addictions including gambling and video gaming addiction but not for exercise addiction. Given recent empirical and clinical evidence that a minority of teenagers appear to be experiencing exercise addiction, a psychometrically robust screening instrument is required...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Neil Maguire, Paul Chesterton, Cormac Ryan
CONTEXT: Pain education is a fundamental part of a holistic approach to athlete injury management. OBJECTIVE: Investigate the effect of Pain Neuroscience Education (PNE) on Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation (STR) students: 1) knowledge of persistent pain; 2) attitudes towards athletes with persistent pain; 3) clinical recommendations for athletes with persistent pain. DESIGN: Parallel groups, single-blind randomised control trial. SETTING: A UK University...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Benjamin L Brett, Andrew W Kuhn, Aaron M Yengo-Kahn, Zachary Y Kerr, Christopher M Bonfield, Gary S Solomon, Scott L Zuckerman
BACKGROUND: Schedule-based and in-season factors (e.g., competition type) have been shown to be associated with symptom reporting patterns and injury severity in sport-related concussion (SRC). To determine if acute neurocognitive and symptom presentation following SRC differ by time point within a high school football season. METHODS: Multicenter ambispective cohort of high school football players who sustained a SRC (N = 2594). Timing (early, mid, and late season) of SRC was based on median dates for the start of the pre-season, regular season, and playoffs of each states' football schedules...
January 31, 2018: Sports Medicine—Open
Danielle Chase, Philip Schatz, Nathan Smyk, R Robert Franks
We documented effort stability during neuropsychological (NP) testing examining failure rates on three Performance Validity Tests (PVTs). 65 student athletes, ages 8-21, were evaluated in an outpatient practice, following sports-related concussion over three sessions within 18 months of injury (mean=6 months). 7.7% of student athletes failed PVTs at all three test sessions, 7.7% failed PVTs at two test sessions, and 12.3% failed PVTs at one session; 28% of this sample was sub-optimally engaged for at least one test session, producing invalid neuropsychological data at the time of testing and 72% produced valid neuropsychological data across the comprehensive evaluation...
January 31, 2018: Developmental Neuropsychology
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