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high frequency jet

Jennie Engstrand, Grzegorz Toporek, Piotr Harbut, Eduard Jonas, Henrik Nilsson, Jacob Freedman
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study is to evaluate the accuracy and safety of antenna placement performed with the use of a CT-guided stereotactic navigation system for percutaneous ablation of liver tumors and to assess the safety of high-frequency jet ventilation for target motion control. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty consecutive patients with malignant liver lesions for which surgical resection was contraindicated or that were not readily visible on ultrasound or not accessible by ultrasound guidance were included in the study...
October 20, 2016: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
Jacob Freedman, Piotr Harbut
This is a case report of microwave energy being used to ablate an inoperable metastasis of a Wilms' tumour in a 6-year-old boy using state-of-the-art navigated computed tomography targeting and high-frequency jet ventilation to reduce organ displacement and the potential risk of procedure-related pneumothorax. After the ablation, the young boy had high-dose chemotherapy followed by an autologous stem cell transplantation with rapid reduction of three recurrent right-sided lung metastases.
May 2016: Case Reports in Oncology
Nitish Fokeerah, Xinwei Liu, Yonggang Hao, Lihua Peng
Managing a patient scheduled for bronchoesophageal fistula repair is challenging for the anesthetist. If appropriate ventilation strategy is not employed, serious complications such as hypoxemia, gastric distension, and pulmonary aspiration can occur. We present the case of a 62-year-old man with a bronchoesophageal fistula in the left main stem bronchus requiring the insertion of a Y-shaped tracheobronchial stent through a rigid bronchoscope, under general anesthesia. We successfully managed this intervention and herein report this case to demonstrate the effectiveness of underwater seal gastrostomy tube drainage used in conjunction with high-frequency jet ventilation during bronchoesophageal fistula stenting...
2016: Case Reports in Anesthesiology
Vasyl Yatsyna, Daniël J Bakker, Raimund Feifel, Anouk M Rijs, Vitali Zhaunerchyk
Delocalized molecular vibrations in the far-infrared and THz ranges are highly sensitive to the molecular structure, as well as to intra- and inter-molecular interactions. Thus, spectroscopic studies of biomolecular structures can greatly benefit from an extension of the conventional mid-infrared to the far-infrared wavelength range. In this work, the conformer-specific gas-phase far-infrared spectra of two aromatic molecules containing the peptide -CO-NH- link, namely, 2- and 4-Methylacetanilide, are investigated...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Chemical Physics
Kevin M Valentine, Ajit A Sarnaik, Hitesh S Sandhu, Ashok P Sarnaik
OBJECTIVE: To describe the utility of high frequency jet ventilation (HFJV) as a rescue therapy in patients with respiratory failure secondary to respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) that was refractory to conventional mechanical ventilation (CMV). DESIGN: Descriptive study by retrospective review. SETTING: Pediatric intensive care unit at a tertiary care children's hospital. PATIENTS: Infants on mechanical ventilation for respiratory failure due to RSV...
2016: Frontiers in Pediatrics
Robert A Fearnley, Sheela Badiger, Richard J Oakley, Imran Ahmad
The safety of high pressure source ventilation (jet ventilation) is dependent upon upper airway patency to facilitate adequate passive expiration and prevent increasing intrathoracic pressure and its associated deleterious sequelae. Distortions in airway anatomy may make passive expiration inadequate or impossible in some patients. We report the elective use of the Ventrain device to provide ventilation in a clinical setting of upper airway obstruction in a patient with post radiation fibrosis that had previously prevented passive expiration during attempted high pressure source ventilation...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Joris Van Cauwenberge, Lasse Lovstakken, Solveig Fadnes, Alfonso Rodriguez-Molares, Jan Vierendeels, Patrick Segers, Abigail Swillens
Ultrafast vector flow imaging would benefit newborn patients with congenital heart disorders, but still requires thorough validation before translation to clinical practice. This study investigates 2D speckle tracking of intraventricular blood flow in neonates when transmitting diverging waves at ultrafast frame rate. Computational and in-vitro studies enabled us to quantify the performance and identify artefacts related to the flow and the imaging sequence. First, synthetic ultrasound images of a neonate's left ventricular flow pattern were obtained with the ultrasound simulator Field II by propagating point scatterers according to 3D intraventricular flow fields obtained with computational fluid dynamics (CFD)...
August 1, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
Chih-Hsuan Chang, David J Nesbitt
A series of CH stretch modes in phenyl radical (C6H5) has been investigated via high resolution infrared spectroscopy at sub-Doppler resolution (∼60 MHz) in a supersonic discharge slit jet expansion. Two fundamental vibrations of a1 symmetry, ν1 and ν2, are observed and rotationally analyzed for the first time, corresponding to in-phase and out-of-phase symmetric CH stretch excitation at the ortho/meta/para and ortho/para C atoms with respect to the radical center. The ν1 and ν2 band origins are determined to be 3073...
July 28, 2016: Journal of Chemical Physics
John Turner, Hua Lu, Ian White, John C King, Tony Phillips, J Scott Hosking, Thomas J Bracegirdle, Gareth J Marshall, Robert Mulvaney, Pranab Deb
Since the 1950s, research stations on the Antarctic Peninsula have recorded some of the largest increases in near-surface air temperature in the Southern Hemisphere. This warming has contributed to the regional retreat of glaciers, disintegration of floating ice shelves and a 'greening' through the expansion in range of various flora. Several interlinked processes have been suggested as contributing to the warming, including stratospheric ozone depletion, local sea-ice loss, an increase in westerly winds, and changes in the strength and location of low-high-latitude atmospheric teleconnections...
July 21, 2016: Nature
Shahriar Mirpour, Somayeh Piroozmand, Neda Soleimani, Neda Jalali Faharani, Hamidreza Ghomi, Hoda Fotovat Eskandari, Ali Mohammad Sharifi, Sahar Mirpour, Mohammad Eftekhari, Maryam Nikkhah
This study aimed to evaluate the effects of micron sized non-thermal atmospheric pressure plasma inside the animal body on breast cancer tumor. The μ-plasma jet consists of micron sized hollow tube in which pure helium gas is ionized by high voltage (4 kV) and high frequency (6 kHz). The efficiency of the plasma treatment in killing cancer cells was first investigated by cell viability measurements of treated 4T1 cells using flow cytometry and cell cycle analysis. For exploration of the in vivo effects of the plasma treatment, the BALB/c mice inoculated by 4T1 cell lines were exposed subcutaneously to plasma for 3 minutes...
2016: Scientific Reports
Elena Castro-Hernández, Pablo García-Sánchez, Javier Alzaga-Gimeno, Say Hwa Tan, Jean-Christophe Baret, Antonio Ramos
We use a microfluidic flow-focusing device with integrated electrodes for controlling the production of water-in-oil drops. In a previous work, we reported that very long jets can be formed upon application of AC fields. We now study in detail the appearance of the long jets as a function of the electrical parameters, i.e., water conductivity, signal frequency, and voltage amplitude. For intermediate frequencies, we find a threshold voltage above which the jet length rapidly increases. Interestingly, this abrupt transition vanishes for high frequencies of the signal and the jet length grows smoothly with voltage...
July 2016: Biomicrofluidics
Sandra Kampe, Miguel Rocha, Kaid Darwiche, Uwe Ebmeyer, Stamatis Georgios
We present a 54 year old female patient who had undergone a Ross procedure in 2009, and in 2013 again a replacement of the aortic root and arch with bioprothetic material and homograft replacement of the pulmonalis walve. Postoperatively the patient had experienced a functional compromising tracheal stenosis and a persistent esophago-tracheal fistula. Endoscopic attempts to close the fistula were not successful, and the fistula was "bridged" with an endoscopically positioned tracheal stent.We report the anaesthesiological management during the open surgical repair of the esophago-tracheal fistula and resection of 2 tracheal rings with high frequency jet ventilation over a period of 2...
June 2016: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
Mohammed Gharaibeh, Dennis J Clouthier, Riccardo Tarroni
The electronic spectra of the HBBr and DBBr free radicals have been studied in depth. These species were prepared in a pulsed electric discharge jet using a precursor mixture of BBr3 vapor and H2 or D2 in high pressure argon. Transitions to the electronic excited state of the jet-cooled radicals were probed with laser-induced fluorescence and the ground state energy levels were measured from the single vibronic level emission spectra. HBBr has an extensive band system in the red which involves a linear-bent transition between the two Renner-Teller components of what would be a (2)Π state at linearity...
June 21, 2016: Journal of Chemical Physics
Jijian Lian, Wenjiao Zhang, Qizhong Guo, Fang Liu
As flood water is discharged from a high dam, low frequency (i.e., lower than 10 Hz) noise (LFN) associated with air pulsation is generated and propagated in the surrounding areas, causing environmental problems such as vibrations of windows and doors and discomfort of residents and construction workers. To study the generation mechanisms and key influencing factors of LFN induced by energy dissipation through submerged jets at a high dam, detailed prototype observations and analyses of LFN are conducted. The discharge flow field is simulated using a gas-liquid turbulent flow model, and the vorticity fluctuation characteristics are then analyzed...
2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Maria Rosal Martins, Michel Van Boven, Sandra Schmitz, Marc Hamoir, Francis Veyckemans
INTRODUCTION: The authors modified an adult jet ventilation injector (Hunsaker Mon-Jet Ventilation Tube(®)) to be able to provide transglottal high-frequency jet ventilation (HFJV) in small children undergoing laryngeal procedures with CO2 laser. METHODS AND MATERIAL: Retrospective review of the anesthetic records of all children younger than 2years undergoing transglottal HFJV for CO2 laser laryngeal procedures using this modified adult injector between 2006 and 2013...
August 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Mingquan Yuan, Evangelyn C Alocilja, Shantanu Chakrabartty
This paper presents a wireless, self-powered, affinity-based biosensor based on the integration of paper-based microfluidics with our previously reported method for self-assembling radio-frequency (RF) antennas. At the core of the proposed approach is a silver-enhancement technique that grows portions of a RF antenna in regions where target antigens hybridize with target specific affinity probes. The hybridization regions are defined by a network of nitrocellulose based microfluidic channels which implement a self-powered approach to sample the reagent and control its flow and mixing...
August 2016: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems
Wen Wang, Jiang-tao Lin, Nan Su, Ying Nong, Hong Hong, Yi-qing Yin, Cheng-hui Li
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of high-frequency jet ventilation via Wei jet nasal airway and controlled ventilation with improved laryngeal mask airway during bronchial thermoplasty. METHODS: Twenty-eight patients undergoing bronchial thermoplasty were equally divided into two groups: group A (high-frequency jet ventilation through Wei jet nasal airway) and group B (controlled ventilation with improved laryngeal mask airway). Pulse oxygenation,heart rate,and mean arterial blood pressure were recorded after entering the operating room (T0), 1 minute after administration/induction (T1), bronchoscope inserting (T2), 15 minutes (T3)/30 minutes (T4)/45 minutes (T5) after ventilation,at the end of the operation (T6), and at the recovery of patients' consciousness (T7)...
April 2016: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
Yahya H Ethawi, Ayman Abou Mehrem, John Minski, Chelsea A Ruth, Peter G Davis
BACKGROUND: Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) is considered one of the major contributors to severe pulmonary dysfunction and consequent death in preterm infants. Despite widespread improvements in care, including increased utilization of antenatal steroids, use of surfactant replacement therapy, and advances in conventional mechanical ventilation (CMV), chronic lung disease (CLD) occurs in 42% of surviving preterm infants born at less than 28 weeks gestational age (GA). High frequency ventilation (HFV) aims to optimize lung expansion while minimizing tidal volume (Vt) to decrease lung injury...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Waleed Al-Herz, Julia I Chu, Jet van der Spek, Raj Raghupathy, Michel J Massaad, Sevgi Keles, Catherine M Biggs, Lucinda Cockerton, Janet Chou, Ghassan Dbaibo, Scott A Elisofon, Rima Hanna-Wakim, Heung Bae Kim, Leslie E Lehmann, Douglas R McDonald, Luigi D Notarangelo, Paul Veys, Talal A Chatila, Raif S Geha, H Bobby Gaspar, Sung-Yun Pai
BACKGROUND: Dedicator of cytokinesis 8 (DOCK8) deficiency can be cured by allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Reports of outcomes are still limited. OBJECTIVE: We sought to analyze the results of HSCT in patients with DOCK8 deficiency and report whether approaches resulting in mixed chimerism result in clinically relevant immune reconstitution. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of 11 patients with DOCK8 deficiency and measured DOCK8 expression and cytokine production...
September 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Alan T Wall, Kent L Gee, Tracianne B Neilsen, Richard L McKinley, Michael M James
The identification of acoustic sources is critical to targeted noise reduction efforts for jets on high-performance tactical aircraft. This paper describes the imaging of acoustic sources from a tactical jet using near-field acoustical holography techniques. The measurement consists of a series of scans over the hologram with a dense microphone array. Partial field decomposition methods are performed to generate coherent holograms. Numerical extrapolation of data beyond the measurement aperture mitigates artifacts near the aperture edges...
April 2016: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
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