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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527463/sub-doppler-infrared-spectroscopy-of-ch2oh-radical-in-a-slit-supersonic-jet-vibration-rotation-tunneling-dynamics-in-the-symmetric-ch-stretch-manifold
#1
Michael D Schuder, Fang Wang, Chih-Hsuan Chang, David J Nesbitt
The sub-Doppler CH-symmetric stretch (ν3) infrared absorption spectrum of a hydroxymethyl (CH2OH) radical is observed and analyzed with the radical formed in a slit-jet supersonic discharge expansion (Trot = 18 K) via Cl atom mediated H atom abstraction from methanol. The high sensitivity of the spectrometer and reduced spectral congestion associated with the cooled expansion enable first infrared spectroscopic observation of hydroxymethyl transitions from both ± symmetry tunneling states resulting from large amplitude COH torsional motion...
May 21, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433021/to-kink-or-not-a-search-for-long-chain-cumulenones-using-microwave-spectral-taxonomy
#2
Michael C McCarthy, Luyao Zou, Marie-Aline Martin-Drumel
A systematic search for carbon-chain cumulenones beyond H2C4O has been undertaken using microwave spectral taxonomy in combination with a pulsed jet discharge source. No evidence was found for the C2υ isomer of H2C5O or its longer derivatives, but HC(O)C4H, the longer variant of propynal, HC(O)CCH, was identified instead. Its rotational and leading centrifugal distortion constants have been derived to high accuracy from detection of both a- and b-type lines; those below 40 GHz were measured using a Fabry-Perot cavity, while lines between 40 and 72 GHz were recorded by double resonance techniques...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377402/assessing-initial-response-to-high-frequency-jet-ventilation-in-premature-infants-with-hypercapnic-respiratory-failure
#3
Craig R Wheeler, Craig D Smallwood, Iris O'Donnell, Daniel Gagner, Martha C Sola-Visner
BACKGROUND: High-frequency jet ventilation (HFJV) has been used in conjunction with conventional ventilation for infants with respiratory failure. We sought to identify parameters that were associated with successful application of HFJV in patients with hypercapnic respiratory failure. METHODS: A single-center, retrospective review of infants who received HFJV was conducted. Subjects were enrolled if birthweight was ≤2,000 g and capillary PCO2 was ≥55 mm Hg...
April 4, 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347790/key-conceptional-considerations-on-nebulization-of-antimicrobial-agents-to-mechanically-ventilated-patients
#4
Jordi Rello, Jean Jacques Rouby, Candela Sole-Lleonart, Jean Chastre, Stijn Blot, Charles Edouard Luyt, Jordi Riera, Margreet C Vos, Antoine Monsel, Jayesh Dhanani, Jason A Roberts
Nebulized antibiotics have an established role in patients with cystic fibrosis or bronchiectasis. Their potential benefit to treat respiratory infections in mechanically ventilated patients is receiving increasing interest. In this Consensus Paper of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, the body of evidence of the therapeutic utility of aerosolized antibiotics in mechanically ventilated patients was reviewed and resulted in the following recommendations: A. Vibrating mesh nebulizers should be preferred to jet or ultrasonic nebulizers; B...
March 24, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319401/using-sound-to-study-the-effect-of-frothers-on-the-breakaway-of-air-bubbles-at-an-underwater-capillary
#5
Pengbo Chu, Randolph Pax, Ronghao Li, Ray Langlois, James A Finch
Frothers, a class of surfactants, are widely employed in froth flotation to aid the generation of small bubbles. Their action is commonly explained by their ability to hinder coalescence. There are occasional references suggesting that the frother may also play a role in the initial breakup of the injected air mass. This work investigates the possible effect of the frother on breakup by monitoring air bubbles produced quasi-statically at an underwater capillary. Under this condition, breakup is isolated from coalescence and an impact of frothers on the detached bubble can be ascribed to an impact on breakup...
March 27, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298110/near-infrared-overtone-voh-2-%C3%A2-0-spectroscopy-of-ne-h2o-clusters
#6
Michael P Ziemkiewicz, Christian Pluetzer, Michael Wojcik, Jérôme Loreau, Ad van der Avoird, David J Nesbitt
Vibrationally state selective overtone spectroscopy and dynamics of weakly bound Ne-H2O complexes (D0((para)) = 31.67 cm(-1), D0((ortho)) = 34.66 cm(-1)) are reported for the first time, based on near infrared excitation of van der Waals cluster bands correlating with vOH = 2 ← 0 overtone transitions (|02(-)⟩←|00(+)⟩ and |02(+)⟩←|00(+)⟩) out of the ortho (101) and para (000) internal rotor states of the H2O moiety. Quantum theoretical calculations for nuclear motion on a high level ab initio potential energy surface (CCSD(T)/VnZ-f12 (n = 3,4), corrected for basis set superposition error and extrapolated to the complete basis set limit) are employed for assignment of Σ←Σ,Π←Σ, and Σ←Π infrared bands in the overtone spectra, where Σ(K = 0) and Π (K = 1) represent approximate projections (K) of the body angular momentum along the Ne-H2O internuclear axis...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253647/prediction-of-jet-mixing-noise-with-lighthill-s-acoustic-analogy-and-geometrical-acoustics
#7
Carlos R S Ilário, Mahdi Azarpeyvand, Victor Rosa, Rod H Self, Júlio R Meneghini
A computational aeroacoustics prediction tool based on the application of Lighthill's theory is presented to compute noise from subsonic turbulent jets. The sources of sound are modeled by expressing Lighthill's source term as two-point correlations of the velocity fluctuations and the sound refraction effects are taken into account by a ray tracing methodology. Both the source and refraction models use the flow information collected from a solution of the Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes equations with a standard k-epsilon turbulence model...
February 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195073/effects-of-budesonide-on-the-lung-functions-inflammation-and-apoptosis-in-a-saline-lavage-model-of-acute-lung-injury
#8
D Mokra, P Kosutova, S Balentova, M Adamkov, P Mikolka, J Mokry, M Antosova, A Calkovska
Diffuse alveolar injury, edema, and inflammation are fundamental signs of acute lung injury (ALI) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Whereas the systemic administration of corticosteroids previously led to controversial results, this study evaluated if corticosteroids given intratracheally may improve lung functions and reduce edema formation, migration of cells into the lung and their activation in experimentally-induced ALI. In oxygen-ventilated rabbits, ALI was induced by repetitive saline lung lavage, until PaO2 decreased to < 26...
December 2016: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147633/a-low-power-miniaturized-dielectric-barrier-discharge-based-atmospheric-pressure-plasma-jet
#9
G Divya Deepak, N K Joshi, Dharmendra Kumar Pal, Ram Prakash
In this paper, a dielectric barrier discharge plasma based atmospheric pressure plasma jet has been generated in a floating helix and floating end ring electrode configuration using argon and helium gases. This configuration is subjected to a range of supply frequencies (10-25 kHz) and supply voltages (2-6 kV) at a fixed rate of gas flow rate (i.e., 1 l/min). The electrical characterization of the plasma jet has been carried out using a high voltage probe and current transformer. The current-voltage characteristics have been analyzed, and the consumed power has been estimated at different applied combinations for optimum power consumption at maximum jet length...
January 2017: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103270/cold-atmospheric-plasma-created-at-the-tip-of-an-elongated-flexible-capillary-using-low-electric-current-can-slow-the-progression-of-melanoma
#10
Y Binenbaum, G Ben-David, Z Gil, Ya Z Slutsker, M A Ryzhkov, J Felsteiner, Ya E Krasik, J T Cohen
INTRODUCTION: Cold Atmospheric Plasma Jet (CAPJ), with ion temperature close to room temperature, has tremendous potential in biomedical engineering, and can potentially offer a therapeutic option that allows cancer cell elimination without damaging healthy tissue. We developed a hand-held flexible device for the delivery of CAPJ to the treatment site, with a modified high-frequency pulse generator operating at a RMS voltage of <1.2 kV and gas flow in the range 0.3-3 l/min. The aims of our study were to characterize the CAPJ emitted from the device, and to evaluate its efficacy in elimination of cancer cells in-vitro and in-vivo...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910694/mhd-marking-using-the-mse-polarimeter-optics-in-ilw-jet-plasmas
#11
S Reyes Cortes, B Alper, D Alves, M Baruzzo, J Bernardo, P Buratti, R Coelho, C Challis, I Chapman, N Hawkes, T C Hender, J Hobirk, E Joffrin
In this communication we propose a novel diagnostic technique, which uses the collection optics of the JET Motional Stark Effect (MSE) diagnostic, to perform polarimetry marking of observed MHD in high temperature plasma regimes. To introduce the technique, first we will present measurements of the coherence between MSE polarimeter, electron cyclotron emission, and Mirnov coil signals aiming to show the feasibility of the method. The next step consists of measuring the amplitude fluctuation of the raw MSE polarimeter signals, for each MSE channel, following carefully the MHD frequency on Mirnov coil data spectrograms...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910352/jet-outflow-and-open-field-line-measurements-on-the-c-2u-advanced-beam-driven-field-reversed-configuration-plasma-experiment
#12
D Sheftman, D Gupta, T Roche, M C Thompson, F Giammanco, F Conti, P Marsili, C D Moreno
Knowledge and control of the axial outflow of plasma particles and energy along open-magnetic-field lines are of crucial importance to the stability and longevity of the advanced beam-driven field-reversed configuration plasma. An overview of the diagnostic methods used to perform measurements on the open field line plasma on C-2U is presented, including passive Doppler impurity spectroscopy, microwave interferometry, and triple Langmuir probe measurements. Results of these measurements provide the jet ion temperature and axial velocity, electron density, and high frequency density fluctuations...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910336/high-intensity-laser-accelerated-ion-beam-produced-from-cryogenic-micro-jet-target
#13
M Gauthier, J B Kim, C B Curry, B Aurand, E J Gamboa, S Göde, C Goyon, A Hazi, S Kerr, A Pak, A Propp, B Ramakrishna, J Ruby, O Willi, G J Williams, C Rödel, S H Glenzer
We report on the successful operation of a newly developed cryogenic jet target at high intensity laser-irradiation. Using the frequency-doubled Titan short pulse laser system at Jupiter Laser Facility, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, we demonstrate the generation of a pure proton beam a with maximum energy of 2 MeV. Furthermore, we record a quasi-monoenergetic peak at 1.1 MeV in the proton spectrum emitted in the laser forward direction suggesting an alternative acceleration mechanism. Using a solid-density mixed hydrogen-deuterium target, we are also able to produce pure proton-deuteron ion beams...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901052/pacific-ocean-decadal-forcing-of-long-term-changes-in-the-western-pacific-subtropical-high
#14
Shinji Matsumura, Takeshi Horinouchi
The western Pacific subtropical high (WPSH) has a significant effect on droughts, heat waves, and tropical cyclone tracks over East Asia and the northwest Pacific. The WPSH has intensified during the past three decades, but its causes are not yet well understood. Here we show that the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO) is responsible for the long-term changes in the WPSH through the meridional shift of the subtropical jet, based on comprehensive data analysis and model results. El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is the leading forcing of WPSH variability over interannual timescales, whereas the PDO accounts for its low-frequency variability, resulting in it being independent of ENSO with regard to WPSH variability...
November 30, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847813/jet-ventilation-during-rigid-bronchoscopy-in-adults-a-focused-review
#15
REVIEW
Laurie Putz, Alain Mayné, Anne-Sophie Dincq
The indications for rigid bronchoscopy for interventional pulmonology have increased and include stent placements and transbronchial cryobiopsy procedures. The shared airway between anesthesiologist and pulmonologist and the open airway system, requiring specific ventilation techniques such as jet ventilation, need a good understanding of the procedure to reduce potentially harmful complications. Appropriate adjustment of the ventilator settings including pause pressure and peak inspiratory pressure reduces the risk of barotrauma...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825225/five-intermolecular-vibrations-of-the-co2-dimer-observed-via-infrared-combination-bands
#16
J Norooz Oliaee, M Dehghany, Mojtaba Rezaei, A R W McKellar, N Moazzen-Ahmadi
The weakly bound van der Waals dimer (CO2)2 has long been of considerable theoretical and experimental interest. Here, we study its low frequency intermolecular vibrations by means of combination bands in the region of the CO2 monomer ν3 fundamental (≈2350 cm(-1)), which are observed using a tunable infrared laser to probe a pulsed supersonic slit jet expansion. With the help of a recent high level ab initio calculation by Wang, Carrington, and Dawes, four intermolecular frequencies are assigned: the in-plane disrotatory bend (22...
November 7, 2016: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824560/assessing-the-performance-of-ultrafast-vector-flow-imaging-in-the-neonatal-heart-via-multiphysics-modeling-and-in-vitro-experiments
#17
Joris Van Cauwenberge, Lasse Lovstakken, Solveig Fadnes, Alfonso Rodriguez-Morales, Jan Vierendeels, Patrick Segers, Abigail Swillens
Ultrafast vector flow imaging would benefit newborn patients with congenital heart disorders, but still requires thorough validation before translation to clinical practice. This paper investigates 2-D speckle tracking (ST) of intraventricular blood flow in neonates when transmitting diverging waves at ultrafast frame rate. Computational and in vitro studies enabled us to quantify the performance and identify artifacts related to the flow and the imaging sequence. First, synthetic ultrasound images of a neonate's left ventricular flow pattern were obtained with the ultrasound simulator Field II by propagating point scatterers according to 3-D intraventricular flow fields obtained with computational fluid dynamics (CFD)...
November 2016: IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802692/stable-droplet-generator-for-a-high-brightness-laser-produced-plasma-extreme-ultraviolet-source
#18
A Vinokhodov, M Krivokorytov, Yu Sidelnikov, V Krivtsun, V Medvedev, V Bushuev, K Koshelev, D Glushkov, S Ellwi
We present the results of the low-melting liquid metal droplets generation based on excited Rayleigh jet breakup. We discuss on the operation of the industrial and in-house designed and manufactured dispensing devices for the droplets generation. Droplet diameter can be varied in the range of 30-90 μm. The working frequency of the droplets, velocity, and the operating temperature were in the ranges of 20-150 kHz, 4-15 m/s, and up to 250 °C, respectively. The standard deviations for the droplet center of mass position both their diameter σ < 1 μm at the distance of 45 mm from the nozzle...
October 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762601/stereotactic-ct-guided-percutaneous-microwave-ablation-of-liver-tumors-with-the-use-of-high-frequency-jet-ventilation-an-accuracy-and-procedural-safety-study
#19
Jennie Engstrand, Grzegorz Toporek, Piotr Harbut, Eduard Jonas, Henrik Nilsson, Jacob Freedman
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study is to evaluate the accuracy and safety of antenna placement performed with the use of a CT-guided stereotactic navigation system for percutaneous ablation of liver tumors and to assess the safety of high-frequency jet ventilation for target motion control. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty consecutive patients with malignant liver lesions for which surgical resection was contraindicated or that were not readily visible on ultrasound or not accessible by ultrasound guidance were included in the study...
January 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721758/navigated-percutaneous-lung-ablation-under-high-frequency-jet-ventilation-of-a-metastasis-from-a-wilms-tumour-a-paediatric-case-report
#20
Jacob Freedman, Piotr Harbut
This is a case report of microwave energy being used to ablate an inoperable metastasis of a Wilms' tumour in a 6-year-old boy using state-of-the-art navigated computed tomography targeting and high-frequency jet ventilation to reduce organ displacement and the potential risk of procedure-related pneumothorax. After the ablation, the young boy had high-dose chemotherapy followed by an autologous stem cell transplantation with rapid reduction of three recurrent right-sided lung metastases.
May 2016: Case Reports in Oncology
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