keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cows milk

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453751/effects-of-ewe-s-milk-yogurt-whole-and-semi-skimmed-and-cow-s-milk-yogurt-on-inflammation-markers-and-gut-microbiota-of-subjects-with-borderline-high-plasma-cholesterol-levels-a-crossover-study
#1
Noemí Redondo, Natalia García-González, Ligia E Diaz-Prieto, Begoña Olmedilla-Alonso, Ana B Martín-Diana, Carmen Asensio-Vegas, Esther Nova
PURPOSE: Ewe's milk yogurt is richer in proteins, minerals and short- and medium-chain fatty acids compared to cow's milk yogurt. We aimed to evaluate the effects of cow's milk yogurt (CW, 3.0% fat), semi-skimmed (ES, 2.8% fat) and whole ewe's milk yogurts (EW, 5.8% fat) on inflammatory markers and gut microbiota in subjects with borderline-high plasma cholesterol. METHODOLOGY: 30 adults (16 women) were randomized into a crossover study to consume 250 g/yogurt/day during three 5-week periods (4-week washouts)...
February 16, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451594/nontuberculous-mycobacteria-in-milk-from-positive-cows-in-the-intradermal-comparative-cervical-tuberculin-test-implications-for-human-tuberculosis-infections
#2
Carmen Alicia Daza Bolaños, Marília Masello Junqueira Franco, Antonio Francisco Souza Filho, Cássia Yumi Ikuta, Edith Mariela Burbano-Rosero, José Soares Ferreira Neto, Marcos Bryan Heinemann, Rodrigo Garcia Motta, Carolina Lechinski de Paula, Amanda Bonalume Cordeiro de Morais, Simony Trevizan Guerra, Ana Carolina Alves, Fernando José Paganini Listoni, Márcio Garcia Ribeiro
Although the tuberculin test represents the main in vivo diagnostic method used in the control and eradication of bovine tuberculosis, few studies have focused on the identification of mycobacteria in the milk from cows positive to the tuberculin test. The aim of this study was to identify Mycobacterium species in milk samples from cows positive to the comparative intradermal test. Milk samples from 142 cows positive to the comparative intradermal test carried out in 4,766 animals were aseptically collected, cultivated on Lowenstein-Jensen and Stonebrink media and incubated for up to 90 days...
2018: Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450980/prediction-of-enteric-methane-production-yield-and-intensity-in-dairy-cattle-using-an-intercontinental-database
#3
Mutian Niu, Ermias Kebreab, Alexander N Hristov, Joonpyo Oh, Claudia Arndt, André Bannink, Ali R Bayat, André F Brito, Tommy Boland, David Casper, Les A Crompton, Jan Dijkstra, Maguy A Eugène, Phil C Garnsworthy, Md Najmul Haque, Anne L F Hellwing, Pekka Huhtanen, Michael Kreuzer, Bjoern Kuhla, Peter Lund, Jørgen Madsen, Cécile Martin, Shelby C McClelland, Mark McGee, Peter J Moate, Stefan Muetzel, Camila Muñoz, Padraig O'Kiely, Nico Peiren, Christopher K Reynolds, Angela Schwarm, Kevin J Shingfield, Tonje M Storlien, Martin R Weisbjerg, David R Yáñez-Ruiz, Zhongtang Yu
Enteric methane (CH 4 ) production from cattle contributes to global greenhouse gas emissions. Measurement of enteric CH 4 is complex, expensive and impractical at large scales; therefore, models are commonly used to predict CH 4 production. However, building robust prediction models requires extensive data from animals under different management systems worldwide. The objectives of this study were to (1) collate a global database of enteric CH 4 production from individual lactating dairy cattle; (2) determine the availability of key variables for predicting enteric CH 4 production (g/d per cow), yield [g/kg dry matter intake (DMI)], and intensity (g/kg energy corrected milk) and their respective relationships; (3) develop intercontinental and regional models and cross-validate their performance; and (4) assess the trade-off between availability of on-farm inputs and CH 4 prediction accuracy...
February 16, 2018: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448169/molecular-spectroscopic-features-of-protein-in-newly-developed-chickpea-relationship-with-protein-chemical-profile-and-metabolism-in-the-rumen-and-intestine-of-dairy-cows
#4
Baoli Sun, Nazir Ahmad Khan, Peiqiang Yu
The first aim of this study was to investigate the nutritional value of crude protein (CP) in CDC [Crop Development Centre (CDC), University of Saskatchewan] chickpea varieties (Frontier kabuli and Corinne desi) in comparison with a CDC barley variety in terms of: 1) CP chemical profile and subfractions; (2) in situ rumen degradation kinetics and intestinal digestibility of CP; 2) metabolizable protein (MP) supply to dairy cows; and (3) protein molecular structure characteristics using advanced molecular spectroscopy...
February 6, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447209/haplotype-based-genome-wide-association-study-identifies-loci-and-candidate-genes-for-milk-yield-in-holsteins
#5
Zhenliang Chen, Yunqiu Yao, Peipei Ma, Qishan Wang, Yuchun Pan
Since milk yield is a highly important economic trait in dairy cattle, the genome-wide association study (GWAS) is vital to explain the genetic architecture underlying milk yield and to perform marker-assisted selection (MAS). In this study, we adopted a haplotype-based empirical Bayesian GWAS to identify the loci and candidate genes for milk yield. A total of 1 092 Holstein cows were sequenced by using the genotyping by genome reducing and sequencing (GGRS) method. After filtering, 164 312 high-confidence SNPs and 13 476 haplotype blocks were identified to use for GWAS...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445454/rumen-protected-methionine-during-the-peripartal-period-in-dairy-cows-and-its-effects-on-abundance-of-major-species-of-ruminal-bacteria
#6
Mohamed K Abdelmegeid, Ahmed A Elolimy, Zheng Zhou, Vincenzo Lopreiato, Joshua C McCann, Juan J Loor
Background: Extensive degradation of amino acids in the rumen via microbial deamination decreases the post-ruminal availability of dietary indispensable amino acids. Together with the normal decrease in voluntary dry matter intake (DMI) around parturition in dairy cows, microbial metabolism contributes to a markedly negative balance of indispensable amino acids, including methionine which may be the first-limiting for milk production. The main objective of the current study was to profile changes in major bacterial species with key functions in cellulose and hemicellulose digestion, xylan breakdown, proteolytic action, propionic acid production, lactate utilization and ruminal biohydrogenation in cows supplemented with rumen-protected Methionine (SM; Smartamine M, Adisseo NA, Alpharetta, GA, USA) from -23 through 30 d relative to parturition...
2018: Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444092/the-impact-of-early-life-nutrition-and-housing-on-growth-and-reproduction-in-dairy-cattle
#7
G Curtis, C McGregor Argo, D Jones, D Grove-White
Contentious issues in calf rearing include milk feeding practices and single versus group housing. The current study was performed on a high producing 170 Holstein cow dairy farm, to investigate the impact of nutrition and housing on growth and reproduction. Heifer calves (n = 100) were allocated in birth order to one of two commonly used management strategies. All calves received 3-4 litres of dam specific colostrum within 6 hours of birth. Group A calves were group housed from birth and fed milk replacer (MR) ad libitum via a computerised machine utilising a single teat, with weaning commencing at 63 days of age...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437805/food-protein-induced-enterocolitis-syndrome-a-challenging-diagnosis
#8
Andreia Ribeiro, Diana Moreira, Cristina Costa, Isabel Pinto Pais
Food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES) is a non-IgE-mediated gastrointestinal food hypersensitivity triggered by food proteins. It may present acutely, with repetitive vomiting, diarrhoea and lethargy leading to dehydration and eventually shock or insidiously with intermittent emesis, chronic diarrhoea or failure to thrive. We describe a paediatric male patient with recurrent sepsis-like episodes of fever, lethargy, ashen-grey skin colouration and vomiting followed by diarrhoea. These episodes were triggered by cow's milk formula and grains...
February 8, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435722/l-arginine-regulates-protein-turnover-in-porcine-mammary-epithelial-cells-to-enhance-milk-protein-synthesis
#9
Qingquan Ma, Shengdi Hu, Makoto Bannai, Guoyao Wu
Milk is an important food for mammalian neonates, but its insufficient production is a nutritional problem for humans and other animals. Recent studies indicate that dietary supplementation with L-arginine (Arg) increases milk production in mammals, including sows, rabbits, and cows. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain largely unknown. The present study was conducted with porcine mammary epithelial cells (PMECs) to test the hypothesis that Arg enhances milk protein synthesis via activation of the mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) cell signaling...
February 12, 2018: Amino Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434270/expression-and-replication-of-virus-like-circular-dna-in-human-cells
#10
Sebastian Eilebrecht, Agnes Hotz-Wagenblatt, Victor Sarachaga, Amelie Burk, Konstantina Falida, Deblina Chakraborty, Ekaterina Nikitina, Claudia Tessmer, Corinna Whitley, Charlotte Sauerland, Karin Gunst, Imke Grewe, Timo Bund
The consumption of bovine milk and meat is considered a risk factor for colon- and breast cancer formation, and milk consumption has also been implicated in an increased risk for developing Multiple Sclerosis (MS). A number of highly related virus-like DNAs have been recently isolated from bovine milk and sera and from a brain sample of a MS patient. As a genetic activity of these Acinetobacter-related bovine milk and meat factors (BMMFs) is unknown in eukaryotes, we analyzed their expression and replication potential in human HEK293TT cells...
February 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433595/management-practices-associated-with-reproductive-performance-in-holstein-cows-on-large-commercial-dairy-farms
#11
I Fodor, Zs Abonyi-Tóth, L Ózsvári
As a result of the increase in herd size and the intensification of production, the complexity of reproductive management has been growing in dairy herds. The aim of our study was to examine the associations of management practices and reproductive performance in Holstein cows on large commercial dairy farms. Management practices applied to cows were surveyed between 22 May and 6 November 2015 in 34 large Holstein-Friesian dairy herds in Hungary. Individual data of 23 784 cows that calved between 1 January 2014 and 31 December 2014 in the surveyed herds were gathered...
February 13, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433483/control-of-staphylococcus-aureus-in-dairy-herds-in-a-region-with-raw-milk-cheese-production-farmers-attitudes-knowledge-behaviour-and-belief-in-self-efficacy
#12
Marie-Eve Cousin, Maria Christina Härdi-Landerer, Verena Völk, Michèle Bodmer
BACKGROUND: Contagious mastitis is an important disease in dairy cattle, and the causative agent S. aureus can also impair raw milk cheese quality. In a confined region in eastern Switzerland attitude, knowledge and behaviour towards S. aureus und S. aureus control was assessed in 90 dairy farmers with communal alpine pasturing including raw milk cheese production with the aid of a questionnaire. RESULTS: Forty-three out of 90 questionnaires were returned (48% return rate)...
February 13, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430684/comparison-of-milk-and-plasma-pharmacokinetics-of-meloxicam-in-postpartum-versus-mid-lactation-holstein-cows
#13
P J Gorden, M Burchard, J A Ydstie, M D Kleinhenz, L W Wulf, S J Rajewski, C Wang, R Gehring, J P Mochel, J F Coetzee
The objective of this study reported here was determine whether differences occurred in meloxicam pharmacokinetics between postpartum cows and mid-lactation cows. Preliminary data from a separate study (P. J. Gorden, unpublished data) in postpartum cows demonstrated elevated plasma and milk concentration profiles compared to previously published data (Malreddy, Coetzee, KuKanich, & Gehring, ). Two different groups were enrolled, each with 10 cows. The treatment group (TRT) was postpartum cows treated with meloxicam, and the positive control (PC) group was cows in mid-lactation treated with meloxicam...
February 11, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430274/direct-enrichment-of-pathogens-from-physiological-samples-of-high-conductivity-and-viscosity-using-h-filter-and-positive-dielectrophoresis
#14
Dongyang Cai, Qiaolian Yi, Chaohua Shen, Ying Lan, Gerald Urban, Wenbin Du
The full potential of microfluidic techniques as rapid and accurate methods for the detection of disease-causing agents and foodborne pathogens is critically limited by the complex sample preparation process, which commonly comprises the enrichment of bacterial cells to detectable levels. In this manuscript, we describe a microfluidic device which integrates H-filter desalination with positive dielectrophoresis (pDEP) for direct enrichment of bacterial cells from physiological samples of high conductivity and viscosity, such as cow's milk and whole human blood...
January 2018: Biomicrofluidics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428758/the-unfolded-protein-response-is-involved-in-both-differentiation-and-apoptosis-of-bovine-mammary-epithelial-cells
#15
Shinichi Yonekura, Megumi Tsuchiya, Yukako Tokutake, Moeko Mizusawa, Miwa Nakano, Makoto Miyaji, Hiroshi Ishizaki, Satoshi Haga
The unfolded protein response (UPR) describes a process involved in the homeostasis of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and the differentiation of secretory cells. At present, the roles of UPR in the mammary gland tissue of dairy cattle are unknown. In the current study, we investigated the expression of UPR-related genes in Holstein cows during the developmental and lactating stages of the mammary gland tissue. To investigate the roles of UPR during the differentiation of mammary epithelial cells (MEC), we used MAC-T cells, a line of MEC...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428756/effect-of-adding-clay-with-or-without-a-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-fermentation-product-on-the-health-and-performance-of-lactating-dairy-cows-challenged-with-dietary-aflatoxin-b1
#16
Y Jiang, I M Ogunade, D H Kim, X Li, A A Pech-Cervantes, K G Arriola, A S Oliveira, J P Driver, L F Ferraretto, C R Staples, D Vyas, A T Adesogan
The study was conducted to examine the effect of supplementing bentonite clay with or without a Saccharomyces cerevisiae fermentation product (SCFP; 19 g of NutriTek + 16 g of MetaShield, both from Diamond V, Cedar Rapids, IA) on the performance and health of dairy cows challenged with aflatoxin B1 (AFB1). Twenty-four lactating Holstein cows (64 ± 11 d in milk) were stratified by parity and milk production and randomly assigned to 1 of 4 treatment sequences. The experiment had a balanced 4 × 4 Latin square design with 6 replicate squares, four 33-d periods, and a 5-d washout interval between periods...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428754/follicular-dynamics-circulating-progesterone-and-fertility-in-holstein-cows-synchronized-with-reused-intravaginal-progesterone-implants-that-were-sanitized-by-autoclave-or-chemical-disinfection
#17
L F Melo, P L J Monteiro, A B Nascimento, J N Drum, C Spies, A B Prata, M C Wiltbank, R Sartori
This experiment aimed to compare circulating progesterone (P4), follicular dynamics, and fertility during reuse of intravaginal P4 implants that were sanitized by autoclave or chemical disinfection in lactating Holstein cows submitted to fixed-time artificial insemination (FTAI). For this, 123 primiparous and 226 multiparous cows from 2 farms, averaging (mean ± standard deviation) 163.9 ± 141.9 d in milk, 35.7 ± 11.3 kg of milk/d, and a body condition score of 2.9 ± 0.5, were enrolled in the study. Cows were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 treatments using a completely randomized design and each cow received a reused implant (1...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428750/effect-of-milk-cessation-method-at-dry-off-on-behavioral-activity-of-dairy-cows
#18
P J Rajala-Schultz, P N Gott, K L Proudfoot, G M Schuenemann
Drying cows off at the end of lactation is a routine management practice in dairy operations. Most dairies in the United States and many other countries dry cows off abruptly (e.g., stop milking cows on a set day), which has been shown to affect cow comfort. Gradually reducing milk production is another approach to dry cows off, routinely used in some countries and herds. The objective of the study was to evaluate the effects of abrupt and gradual milk cessation and milk yield at the time on cow activity after dry-off...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428749/effect-of-altering-the-type-of-dietary-carbohydrate-early-postpartum-on-reproductive-performance-and-milk-production-in-pasture-grazed-dairy-cows
#19
S McDougall, S Leane, S T Butler, J R Roche, C R Burke
The objective of this study was to assess the effect of increasing dietary starch for approximately 30 d postpartum on reproduction outcomes in pasture-grazed, seasonal-calving dairy cows. Cows (n = 948) from 3 commercial herds were blocked by age (2, 3, and >3 yr), breed, and expected calving date and randomly assigned to 1 of 2 postpartum treatment groups: high starch (34.7 ± 1.9% nonstructural carbohydrate; mean ± SD) or low starch (22.5 ± 0.4% nonstructural carbohydrate). The high-starch group in all 3 farms received 4...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428744/short-communication-cow-and-herd-level-prevalence-of-hypoglycemia-in-hyperketonemic-postpartum-dairy-cows
#20
J Dubuc, S Buczinski
The objective of this study was to quantify the prevalence of hypoglycemia in hyperketonemic dairy cows during the early postpartum period. A prospective observational study was conducted in 100 dairy herds selected by convenience. Within all participating herds, 40 cows (or the entire herd if smaller than 40 cows) were enrolled in the study (total of 3,776 enrolled cows). Herds were visited every 2 wk by an animal health technician. Cows were bled from their coccygeal vessels once between 1 and 14 d in milk, and cow-side testing was performed for ketonemia and glycemia using a device validated in cattle (Precision Xtra, Abbott, Mississauga, ON, Canada)...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
keyword
keyword
99092
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"