Read by QxMD icon Read

MS and iron

Ahmed M Elkady, Dana Cobzas, Hongfu Sun, Gregg Blevins, Alan H Wilman
BACKGROUND: Combined R2* and quantitative susceptibility (QS) has been previously used in cross-sectional multiple sclerosis (MS) studies to distinguish deep gray matter (DGM) iron accumulation and demyelination. PURPOSE: We propose and apply discriminative analysis of regional evolution (DARE) to define specific changes in MS and healthy DGM. STUDY TYPE: Longitudinal (baseline and 2-year follow-up) retrospective study. SUBJECTS: Twenty-seven relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS), 17 progressive MS (PMS), and corresponding age-matched healthy subjects...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
Yong Liu, Qing Fan, Yanlan Liu, Jianlong Wang
In this paper, a zinc-iron-carbon nanotubes (Zn-Fe-CNTs) composite was prepared, characterized and used to develop a Fenton-like system of Zn-Fe-CNTs/O2 for the degradation of 4-chlorophenol (4-CP), in which H2 O2 was generated in situ from zinc-carbon galvanic cells and oxygen in aqueous solution was activated by iron attached on the surface of CNTs to produce ·OH radicals for the oxidation of 4-CP. The experimental results showed that the particles of Zn and Fe in Zn-Fe-CNTs composite were adhered to the surface of CNTs, which accelerated the electron transfer process...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
Pengfei Zhang, Lu Ma, Zhen Yang, Hailing Li, Zhonghong Gao
5,10,15,20-Tetrakis(4-sulfonatophenyl)porphyrinato iron(III) chloride (FeTPPS) is a water-soluble heme analog, which has been used as a scavenger of peroxynitrite in many studies. Similar to heme, it may also possess pseudo-peroxidase activity that could cause protein tyrosine nitration through the peroxidase-H2 O2 -NO2 - pathway. In this paper, we used western blotting and spectrophotometry analysis to study the capability of FeTPPS in catalyzing protein tyrosine nitration. Furthermore, the capability of FeTPPS in catalyzing protein nitration in tissue homogenate and cultured cells was also investigated...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
Dalton T Snyder, Lucas J Szalwinski, Robert L Schrader, Valentina Pirro, Ryan Hilger, R Graham Cooks
Methodology for performing precursor and neutral loss scans in an RF scanning linear quadrupole ion trap is described and compared to the unconventional ac frequency scan technique. In the RF scanning variant, precursor ions are mass selectively excited by a fixed frequency resonance excitation signal at low Mathieu q while the RF amplitude is ramped linearly to pass ions through the point of excitation such that the excited ion's m/z varies linearly with time. Ironically, a nonlinear ac frequency scan is still required for ejection of the product ions since their frequencies vary nonlinearly with the linearly varying RF amplitude...
March 9, 2018: Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry
Serpil Kilic, Mehmet Fatih Cengiz, Murat Kilic
In this study, an improved method was validated for the determination of some metallic contaminants (arsenic (As), chromium (Cr), cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb), iron (Fe), nickel (Ni), copper (Cu), Mn, and antimony (Sb)) in energy drinks using inductive coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). The validation procedure was applied for the evaluation of linearity, repeatability, recovery, limit of detection, and quantification. In addition, to verify the trueness of the method, it was participated in an interlaboratory proficiency test for heavy metals in soft drink organized by the LGC (Laboratory of the Government Chemist) Standard...
March 9, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
R Brindha, P Muthuselvam, S Senthilkumar, P Rajaguru
Inspired by the efficiency of the photo-Fenton process on oxidation of organic pollutants, we herein present the feasibility of visible light driven photo-Fenton process as a post treatment of biological method for the effective degradation and detoxification of monoazo dye Mordant Yellow 10 (MY10). Anaerobic degradation of MY10 by Pseudomonas aeroginosa formed aromatic amines which were further degraded in the subsequent Fe catalyzed photo-Fenton process carried out at pH 3.0, with iron shavings and H2 O2 under blue LED light illumination...
February 26, 2018: Chemosphere
Fan Yang, Johnson Efome, Dipak Rana, Takeshi Matsuura, Christopher Lan
Among other applications, metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are slowly gaining grounds as fillers for desalination composite membranes. In this study, superhydrophobic poly (vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) nanofibrous membranes were fabricated with MOF (Iron-BTC) loading of up to 5 wt.% via electro-spinning on a nonwoven substrate. To improve attachment of nanofibers unto the substrate, a substrate pre-treatment method called 'solvent basing' was employed. Iron content in the nanofiber, measured by dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), increased proportionally with the increase of MOF concentration in the spinning dope, indicating a uniform distribution of MOF in the nanofiber...
March 8, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Kelly M Gillen, Mayyan Mubarak, Thanh D Nguyen, David Pitt
Microglia are resident immune cells that fulfill protective and homeostatic functions in the central nervous system (CNS) but may also promote neurotoxicity in the aged brain and in chronic disease. In multiple sclerosis (MS), an autoimmune demyelinating disease of the CNS, microglia and macrophages contribute to the development of white matter lesions through myelin phagocytosis, and possibly to disease progression through diffuse activation throughout myelinated white matter. In this review, we discuss an additional compartment of myeloid cell activation in MS, i...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Zhou Li, Hong Su, Li Wang, Danbiao Hu, Lijun Zhang, Jian Fang, Micong Jin, Samuel Selorm Fiati Kenston, Xin Song, Hongbo Shi, Jinshun Zhao, Guochuan Mao
Background : In order to search for effective control and prevention measures, the status of metal pollution in Ningbo, China was investigated. Methods : Nine of the most common contaminating metals including lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd), copper (Cu), iron (Fe), manganese (Mn), chromium (Cr), nickel (Ni), zinc (Zn), and mercury (Hg) in samples of vegetables, rice, soil, irrigation water, and human hair were detected using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Three different districts including industrial, suburban and rural areas in Ningbo were studied through a stratified random sample method...
February 28, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Fabiola Moreno-Olivas, Elad Tako, Gretchen J Mahler
Zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NP) may be present in food packaging, which would put consumers at risk of NP ingestion. There is little information on the amount of ZnO NP that are present in food packaging and the effects of ZnO exposure on intestinal function. To estimate physiologically relevant ZnO exposures, foods that are naturally low in zinc (Zn), but are commonly packaged with ZnO NP, such as tuna, corn, and asparagus, were analyzed with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). It was found that the Zn present in a serving of these foods is approximately one hundred times higher than the recommended dietary allowance...
March 1, 2018: Food & Function
Li-Sen Lin, Jibin Song, Liang Song, Kaimei Ke, Yijing Liu, Zijian Zhou, Zheyu Shen, Juan Li, Zhen Yang, Wei Tang, Gang Niu, Huang-Hao Yang, Xiaoyuan Chen
Chemodynamic therapy (CDT) utilizes iron-initiated Fenton chemistry to destroy tumour cells by converting endogenous H2O2 into highly toxic hydroxyl radical (·OH). Although Fenton-like activity has been observed in metal ions other than Fe2+, there is a paucity of Fenton-like metal-based CDT agents. Unfortunately, intracellular glutathione (GSH) with ·OH scavenging ability greatly reduces CDT efficacy. Here, for the first time, we report a self-reinforcing CDT nanoagent based on MnO2, which has both Fenton-like Mn2+ delivery and GSH depletion properties...
February 27, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
Yili Fang, Weizhao Yin, Yanbin Jiang, Hengjun Ge, Ping Li, Jinhua Wu
In this study, a sequential Fe0 /H2 O2 reaction and biological process was employed as a low-cost depth treatment method to remove recalcitrant compounds from coal-chemical engineering wastewater after regular biological treatment. First of all, a chemical oxygen demand (COD) and color removal efficiency of 66 and 63% was achieved at initial pH of 6.8, 25 mmol L-1 of H2 O2 , and 2 g L-1 of Fe0 in the Fe0 /H2 O2 reaction. According to the gas chromatography-mass spectrometer (GC-MS) and gas chromatography-flame ionization detector (GC-FID) analysis, the recalcitrant compounds were effectively decomposed into short-chain organic acids such as acetic, propionic, and butyric acids...
February 27, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Kamil R Wierzbinski, Tomasz Szymanski, Natalia Rozwadowska, Jakub D Rybka, Agnieszka Zimna, Tomasz Zalewski, Karolina Nowicka-Bauer, Agnieszka Malcher, Magdalena Nowaczyk, Michal Krupinski, Michal Fiedorowicz, Piotr Bogorodzki, Pawel Grieb, Michal Giersig, Maciej K Kurpisz
Myocardial infarction (MI) is one of the most frequent causes of death in industrialized countries. Stem cells therapy seems to be very promising for regenerative medicine. Skeletal myoblasts transplantation into postinfarction scar has been shown to be effective in the failing heart but shows limitations such, e.g. cell retention and survival. We synthesized and investigated superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) as an agent for direct cell labeling, which can be used for stem cells imaging. High quality, monodisperse and biocompatible DMSA-coated SPIONs were obtained with thermal decomposition and subsequent ligand exchange reaction...
February 27, 2018: Scientific Reports
Wenhui Zhang, Yuqing Chen, Xiaohang Pei, Yuzhu Zang, Shuangyin Han
Objective: To investigate the role of DR4 gene in the occurrence, development and prognosis of acute myeloid leukemia (AML), find a new regulatory gene of Decitabine for the treatment of AML, namely DR4 gene, and explore the molecular mechanism of AML in the treatment of AML. Methods: The methylation level and the mRNA expression level of DR4 gene promoters of bone marrow mononuclear cells in 122 patients with newly diagnosed AML and 24 patients with iron deficiency anemia (IDA) were detected using Methylation specific PCR (MS-PCR) and Q-RT-PCR, respectively, and a correlation analysis of them was conducted...
February 2018: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Desiree Willkommen, Marianna Lucio, Philippe Schmitt-Kopplin, Malaz Gazzaz, Michael Schroeter, Ali Sigaroudi, Bernhard Michalke
BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease is affecting about 1% of the population above 65 years. Improvements in medicine support prolonged lifetime which increases the total concentration of humans affected by the disease. It is suggested that occupational and environmental exposure to metals like iron (Fe), manganese (Mn), copper (Cu) and zinc (Zn) can influence the risk for Parkinson's disease. These metals play a key role as cofactors in many enzymes and proteins. METHODS: In this case-control study, we investigated the Mn-, Fe-, Cu- and Zn-species in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) by size-exclusion chromatography hyphenated to inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (SEC-ICP-MS) and the total concentration of these metals by inductively coupled plasma sector field mass spectrometry (ICP-sf-MS)...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
Suraj D Serai, Andrew T Trout, Robert J Fleck, Charles T Quinn, Jonathan R Dillman
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is determine if both liver T2* and cardiac T2* can be measured on a single breath-hold acquisition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For this IRB-approved retrospective study, 137 patients with dedicated Cardiac MRI and Liver MRI examinations obtained sequentially on 1.5T scanners and on the same day were included for analysis. Both the cardiac and liver MRI examinations utilized GRE sequences for quantification of tissue iron. Specifically, T2* was measured using an 8-echo, multi-echo gradient echo single breath-hold sequence...
February 22, 2018: Abdominal Radiology
Christoph H R Senges, Arwa Al-Dilaimi, Douglas H Marchbank, Daniel Wibberg, Anika Winkler, Brad Haltli, Minou Nowrousian, Jörn Kalinowski, Russell G Kerr, Julia E Bandow
Actinomycetes are known for producing diverse secondary metabolites. Combining genomics with untargeted data-dependent tandem MS and molecular networking, we characterized the secreted metabolome of the tunicamycin producer Streptomyces chartreusis NRRL 3882. The genome harbors 128 predicted biosynthetic gene clusters. We detected >1,000 distinct secreted metabolites in culture supernatants, only 22 of which were identified based on standards and public spectral libraries. S. chartreusis adapts the secreted metabolome to cultivation conditions...
February 20, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Yunqin Cheng, Yunlu Chen, Juncheng Lu, Jianxin Nie, Yan Liu
The Fenton process is used as a tertiary treatment to remove organic pollutants from the effluent of bio-treated pharmaceutical wastewater (EBPW). The optimal and most appropriate Fenton conditions were determined by an orthogonal array test and single-factor experiments. The removal of chemical oxygen demand (COD) was influenced by the following factors in a descending order: H 2 O 2 /Fe(II) molar ratio > H 2 O 2 dosage > reaction time. Under the most appropriate Fenton conditions (H 2 O 2 /Fe(II) molar ratio of 1:1, H 2 O 2 dosage of 120 mg L -1 and reaction time of 10 min), the COD and dissolved organic carbon (DOC) were removed with efficiencies of 62 and 53%, respectively, which met the national discharge standard (GB 21903-2008) for the Lake Tai Basin, China...
February 16, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Sandra Carrasco-Gil, Sara Rodríguez-Menéndez, Beatriz Fernández, Rosario Pereiro, Vicenta de la Fuente, Lourdes Hernandez-Apaolaza
A protective effect by silicon in the amelioration of iron chlorosis has recently been proved for Strategy 1 species, at acidic pH. However in calcareous conditions, the Si effect on Fe acquisition and distribution is still unknown. In this work, the effect of Si on Fe, Mn, Cu and Zn distribution was studied in rice (Strategy 2 species) under Fe sufficiency and deficiency. Plants (+Si or-Si) were grown initially with Fe, and then Fe was removed from the nutrient solution. The plants were then analysed using a combined approach including LA-ICP-MS images for each element of interest, the analysis of the Fe and Si concentration at different cell layers of root and leaf cross sections by SEM-EDX, and determining the apoplastic Fe, total micronutrient concentration and oxidative stress indexes...
February 1, 2018: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
Djordje Grujcic, Thomas Hesselhøj Hansen, Søren Husted, Milanka Drinic, Bal Ram Singh
Agronomic biofortification is one of the main strategies for alleviation of micronutrient deficiencies in food and feed. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of N supply on total concentration of Zn and Fe and their chemical species in the soluble extracts of maize silage grown under field conditions. Total concentrations of Zn, Fe, Cu, Mn, S and P were measured by flow-injection inductive coupled plasma (ICP) - mass spectrometer (MS). Soluble Fe and Zn were extracted and analyzed by size exclusion-inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry...
February 11, 2018: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"