Read by QxMD icon Read

MS and iron

Sonia Fernández-Menéndez, María L Fernández-Sánchez, Héctor González-Iglesias, Belén Fernández-Colomer, José López-Sastre, Alfredo Sanz-Medel
PURPOSE: In this work, the absorption and/or bioavailability of iron from two chemical species, (57)Fe-Lf (apo-lactoferrin) complex and (57)FeSO4 at low and high dose, and in Lf excess were investigated in lactating wistar rats. METHODS: The methodology used is based on the use of stable isotopes in combination with the approach "isotope pattern deconvolution" and ICP-MS for detection. This approach provides quantitative information about exogenous ((57)Fe) and endogenous iron ((nat)Fe) distribution in fluids and tissues in the iron-supplemented rat groups...
October 18, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
Suchaya Silvilairat, Pimlak Charoenkwan, Suwit Saekho, Adisak Tantiworawit, Arintaya Phrommintikul, Somdet Srichairatanakool, Nipon Chattipakorn
BACKGROUND: Iron overload cardiomyopathy remains the major cause of death in patients with transfusion-dependent thalassemia. Cardiac T2* magnetic resonance imaging is costly yet effective in detecting cardiac iron accumulation in the heart. Heart rate variability (HRV) has been used to evaluate cardiac autonomic function and is depressed in cases of thalassemia. We evaluated whether HRV could be used as an indicator for early identification of cardiac iron deposition. METHODS: One hundred and one patients with transfusion-dependent thalassemia were enrolled in this study...
2016: PloS One
Daniel A Thomas, Matthew M Coggon, Hanna Lignell, Katherine Ann Schilling, Xuan Zhang, Rebecca H Schwantes, Richard C Flagan, John H Seinfeld, Jesse Lee Beauchamp
The complexation of iron (III) with oxalic acid in aqueous solution yields a strongly absorbing chromophore that undergoes efficient photodissociation to give iron (II) and the carbon dioxide anion radical. Importantly, iron (III) oxalate complexes absorb near-UV radiation (λ > 350 nm), providing a potentially powerful source of oxidants in aqueous tropospheric chemistry. Although this photochemical system has been studied extensively, the mechanistic details associated with its role in the oxidation of dissolved organic matter within aqueous aerosol remain largely unknown...
October 12, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
Barbora Micháleková-Richveisová, Vladimír Frišták, Martin Pipíška, Libor Ďuriška, Eduardo Moreno-Jimenez, Gerhard Soja
A new post-treatment method was applied for improving the sorption efficiency of biochar-based sorbents for anionic forms of phosphorus. The Fe-impregnation through direct hydrolysis of Fe(NO3)3 was used to produce impregnated corn cob- (IBC A), garden wood waste- (IBC B), and wood chip-derived biochars (IBC C). The qualitative and quantitative effects of impregnation process on biochars were confirmed by SEM-EDX, FTIR, and ICP-MS. The analyses revealed increased concentrations of N and thus potential NO3(-) participation in the phosphate sorption process...
October 11, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Monia Ouederni, Monia Ben Khaled, Fethi Mellouli, Elhem Ben Fraj, Nawel Dhouib, Ismehen Ben Yakoub, Selem Abbes, Nejla Mnif, Mohamed Bejaoui
Thalassemia is a common genetic disorder in Tunisia. Early iron concentration assessment is a crucial and challenging issue. Most of annual deaths due to iron overload occurred in underdeveloped regions of the world. Limited access to liver and heart MRI monitoring might partially explain these poor prognostic results. Standard software programs are not available in Tunisia. This study is the first to evaluate iron overload in heart and liver using the MRI T2* with excel spreadsheet for post processing. Association of this MRI tool results to serum ferritin level, and echocardiography was also investigated...
October 12, 2016: Annals of Hematology
J Alonso García, D Turiel Fernández, E Añón Álvarez, E Blanco González, M Montes-Bayón, A Sanz-Medel
Iron is an essential element for cell growth and division. Recent experiments have linked a deregulation of iron's metabolism with breast cancer progression, aggressiveness and recurrence. In fact, it is conceived that chronic failure in the redox balance due to the presence of a high intracellular concentration of this metal has the potential to modulate specific signaling networks associated with cancer malignancy. Thus, this work has been focused on the comparative evaluation of part of the Fe metallome in two breast cancer cell lines of different malignancies: MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231...
October 1, 2016: Metallomics: Integrated Biometal Science
Rachel Waller, M Nicola Woodroofe, Stephen B Wharton, Paul G Ince, Simona Francese, Paul R Heath, Alex Cudzich-Madry, Ruth H Thomas, Natalie Rounding, Basil Sharrack, Julie E Simpson
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic, inflammatory, demyelinating disease of the central nervous system (CNS). White matter lesions in MS are surrounded by areas of non-demyelinated normal appearing white matter (NAWM) with complex pathology, including blood brain barrier dysfunction, axonal damage and glial activation. Astrocytes, the most abundant cell type within the CNS, may respond and/or contribute to lesion pathogenesis. We aimed to characterise the transcriptomic profile of astrocytes in NAWM to determine whether specific glial changes exist in the NAWM which contribute to lesion development or prevent disease progression...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Neuroimmunology
Jayeeta Sarkar, Sufia K Kazy, Abhishek Gupta, Avishek Dutta, Balaram Mohapatra, Ajoy Roy, Paramita Bera, Adinpunya Mitra, Pinaki Sar
Nutrient deficiency severely impairs the catabolic activity of indigenous microorganisms in hydrocarbon rich environments (HREs) and limits the rate of intrinsic bioremediation. The present study aimed to characterize the microbial community in refinery waste and evaluate the scope for biostimulation based in situ bioremediation. Samples recovered from the wastewater lagoon of Guwahati refinery revealed a hydrocarbon enriched [high total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH)], oxygen-, moisture-limited, reducing environment...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
Tommaso Schirinzi, Giuseppina Martella, Alessio D'Elia, Giulia Di Lazzaro, Paola Imbriani, Graziella Madeo, Leonardo Monaco, Marta Maltese, Antonio Pisani
The multifactorial pathogenesis of Parkinson's Disease (PD) requires a careful identification of populations "at risk" of developing the disease. In this case-control study we analyzed a large Italian population, in an attempt to outline general criteria to define a population "at risk" of PD. We enrolled 300 PD patients and 300 controls, gender and age matched, from the same urban geographical area. All subjects were interviewed on demographics, family history of PD, occupational and environmental toxicants exposure, smoking status, and alcohol consumption...
2016: Parkinson's Disease
Adam C Mumford, Irini J Adaktylou, David Emerson
: Microbially influenced corrosion (MIC) is a major cause of damage to steel infrastructure in the marine environment. Despite their ability to grow directly on Fe(II) released from steel, comparatively little is known about the role played by neutrophilic iron oxidizing bacteria (FeOB). Recent work has shown that FeOB grow readily on mild steel (1018 MS) both incubated in situ or as substrate for pure cultures in vitro; however details of how they colonize steel surfaces are unknown, yet important for understanding their effects...
September 16, 2016: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
A P Wunderlich, H Cario, M S Juchems, M Beer, S A Schmidt
Due to the dependence of transverse relaxation times T2 and T2* on tissue iron content, MRI offers different options for the determination of iron concentration. These are the time-consuming spin-echo sequence as well as the gradient-echo sequence. For the latter, several data analysis approaches have been proposed, with different requirements for acquisition and post-processing: the mathematically challenging R2* analysis and the signal-intensity ratio method with its high demand on the signal homogeneity of MR images...
September 14, 2016: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
Juliano Lara Fernandes, Luciana Andrea Barozi Fioravante, Monica P Verissimo, Sandra R Loggetto
BACKGROUND: Iron overload assessment with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) using T2* has become a key diagnostic method in the management of many diseases. Quantitative analysis of the MRI images with a cost-effective tool has been a limitation to increased use of the method. PURPOSE: To provide a free software solution for this purpose comparing the results with a commercial solution. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The free tool was developed as a standalone program to be directly downloaded and ran in a common personal computer platform without the need of a dedicated workstation...
September 10, 2016: Acta Radiologica
Charlotte Carlier, Brecht Laforce, Stijn J M Van Malderen, Félix Gremonprez, Remi Tucoulou, Julie Villanova, Olivier De Wever, Laszlo Vincze, Frank Vanhaecke, Wim Ceelen
There is increasing interest in the treatment of advanced stage ovarian cancer (OC) using intraperitoneal (IP) delivery of platinum (Pt)-based chemotherapy. The antitumor efficacy of IP chemotherapy is determined by efficient tumor tissue penetration. Although it is assumed that Pt penetration is limited to a few millimeters after IP delivery, little is known on the distribution of Pt in different tumor compartments at the ultrastructural level following IP administration. Here, using synchrotron radiation X-ray fluorescence spectrometry (SR-XRF) and laser ablation-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS), Pt distribution and penetration in OC peritoneal xenografts were determined at nanometer scale after IP chemoperfusion of cisplatin at 37-38°C or 40-41°C (hyperthermic)...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Robert B Piel, Mesafint T Shiferaw, Ajay A Vashisht, Jason R Marcero, Jeremy L Praissman, John D Phillips, James A Wohlschlegel, Amy E Medlock
Heme is an iron-containing cofactor essential for multiple cellular processes and fundamental activities such as oxygen transport. To better understand the means by which heme synthesis is regulated during erythropoiesis, affinity purification coupled with mass spectrometry (MS) was performed to identify putative protein partners interacting with ferrochelatase (FECH), the terminal enzyme in the heme biosynthetic pathway. Both progesterone receptor membrane component 1 (PGRMC1) and progesterone receptor membrane component 2 (PGRMC2) were identified in these experiments...
September 20, 2016: Biochemistry
Teresa Corona, Apparao Draksharapu, Sandeep K Padamati, Ilaria Gamba, Vlad Martin-Diaconescu, Ferran Acuña-Parés, Wesley R Browne, Anna Company
Terminal high-valent metal-oxygen species are key reaction intermediates in the catalytic cycle of both enzymes (e.g., oxygenases) and synthetic oxidation catalysts. While tremendous efforts have been directed toward the characterization of the biologically relevant terminal manganese-oxygen and iron-oxygen species, the corresponding analogues based on late-transition metals such as cobalt, nickel or copper are relatively scarce. This scarcity is in part related to the "Oxo Wall" concept, which predicts that late transition metals cannot support a terminal oxido ligand in a tetragonal environment...
October 5, 2016: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Ampaiwan Chuansumrit, Jiraporn Laothamathat, Nongnuch Sirachainan, Witaya Sungkarat, Pakawan Wongwerawattanakoon, Patrapop Kumkrua
BACKGROUND: MRI imaging is an alternative to serum ferritin for assessing iron overload in patients with thalassaemia disease. AIMS: To correlate liver iron concentration (LIC) determined by MRI and clinical and biochemical parameters. METHODS: An MRI study using cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) tools to determine cardiac and liver iron was undertaken in adolescents with thalassaemia disease. RESULTS: Eighty-nine patients (48 males) with thalassaemia disease were enrolled...
August 2016: Paediatrics and International Child Health
Erick Helmeczi, Yong Wang, Ian D Brindle
Short-wavelength infrared radiation has been successfully applied to accelerate the acid digestion of refractory rare-earth ore samples. Determinations were achieved with microwave plasma-atomic emission spectrometry (MP-AES) and dynamic reaction cell - inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (DRC-ICP-MS). The digestion method developed was able to tackle high iron-oxide and silicate matrices using only phosphoric acid in a time frame of only 8min, and did not require perchloric or hydrofluoric acid. Additionally, excellent recoveries and reproducibilities of the rare earth elements, as well as uranium and thorium, were achieved...
November 1, 2016: Talanta
Ashutosh Lal, Esteban Gomez, Cassandra Calloway
BACKGROUND: Iron overload is the primary cause of morbidity in transfusion-dependent thalassemia. Increase in iron causes mitochondrial dysfunction under experimental conditions, but the occurrence and significance of mitochondrial damage is not understood in patients with thalassemia. METHODS: Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) to nuclear DNA copy number (Mt/N) and frequency of the common 4977-bp mitochondrial deletion (ΔmtDNA(4977)) were quantified using a quantitative PCR assay on whole blood samples from 38 subjects with thalassemia who were receiving regular transfusions...
August 4, 2016: JCI Insight
Aimée Mudekereza Musimwa, Gray Wakamb Kanteng, Hermann Tamubango Kitoko, Oscar Numbi Luboya
INTRODUCTION: The role of trace metals elements in human nutrition can no longer be ignored. Deficiency caused by inadequate dietary intake, secondary deficiencies often under - estimated, and iatrogenic deficiencies lead to pathologies such as infections and others. For this reason their dosages are particularly important to assess disease severity and to facilitate early treatment or improve patient's diet. The aim of this study was to determine trace elements profile in blood (copper, selenium, zinc, iron, chromium, cobalt, etc...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Seongho Jeon, Derek R Oberreit, Gary Van Schooneveld, Zhe Gao, John C Bischof, Christy L Haynes, Christopher J Hogan
Protein binding and protein-induced nanoparticle aggregation are known to occur for a variety of nanomaterials, with the extent of binding and aggregation highly dependent on nanoparticle surface properties. However, often lacking are techniques that enable quantification of the extent of protein binding and aggregation, particularly for nanoparticles with polydisperse size distributions. In this study, we adapt ion mobility spectrometry (IMS) to examine the binding of bovine serum albumin to commercially available anionic-surfactant-coated superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs), which are initially ∼21 nm in mean mobility diameter and have a polydisperse size distribution function (geometric standard deviation near 1...
September 21, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"