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intra cranial hemorrhage

Simona Lattanzi, Claudia Cagnetti, Claudia Rinaldi, Stefania Angelocola, Leandro Provinciali, Mauro Silvestrini
BACKGROUND: The inflammatory response plays a role in determining the course of intra-cerebral hemorrhage (ICH) and immune parameters may have prognostic value. The aim of the study was to determine whether the peripheral leukocyte counts and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) were associated to 30-day functional status after ICH, and improved the accuracy of outcome prediction when added to the Modified ICH score. METHODS: We retrospectively identified consecutive patients with spontaneous ICH who underwent blood sampling and cranial CT neuroimaging within 24 h from onset...
April 15, 2018: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
Jennifer L Carpenter, Yangyang R Yu, Darrell L Cass, Oluyinka O Olutoye, James A Thomas, Cole Burgman, Caraciolo J Fernandes, Timothy C Lee
BACKGROUND: Advances in extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) have led to increased use of venovenous (VV) ECMO in the pediatric population. We present the evolution and experience of pediatric VV ECMO at a tertiary care institution. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study from 01/2005 to 07/2016 was performed, comparing by cannulation mode. Survival to discharge, complications, and decannulation analyses were performed. RESULTS: In total, 160 patients (105 NICU, 55 PICU) required 13 ± 11 days of ECMO...
March 2018: Pediatric Surgery International
Joyce S Balami, Philip M White, Peter J McMeekin, Gary A Ford, Alastair M Buchan
Endovascular mechanical thrombectomy (MT) for the treatment of acute stroke due to large vessel occlusion has evolved significantly with the publication of multiple positive thrombectomy trials. MT is now a recommended treatment for acute ischemic stroke. Mechanical thrombectomy is associated with a number of intra-procedural or post-operative complications, which need to be minimized and effectively managed to maximize the benefits of thrombectomy. Procedural complications include: access-site problems (vessel/nerve injury, access-site hematoma and groin infection); device-related complications (vasospasm, arterial perforation and dissection, device detachment/misplacement); symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage; subarachnoid hemorrhage; embolization to new or target vessel territory...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
Masatomo Miura, Makoto Nakajima, Akiko Fujimoto, Yasuyuki Kaku, Takayuki Kawano, Masaki Watanabe, Jun-Ichi Kuratsu, Yukio Ando
Accelerated atherosclerosis of intra- or extracranial large arteries is a major cause of radiation-induced strokes. Recent development of MRI techniques has enabled detection of another important vasculopathy: microinfarcts or microbleeds after cranial irradiation. The purpose of this study was to investigate the incidence and characteristics of small vessel disease after cranial irradiation. MR images and clinical records of 102 outpatients who had undergone cranial irradiation to brain tumors were retrospectively reviewed...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
J Deng, F H Chen, Y Y Lai, J B Shi
Objective: To summarize the surgical techniques, benefits and limitations of transnasal endoscopic resection and optic nerve decompression for patients with optic neuropathy caused by fibro-osseous lesions. Methods: Eight patients with optic neuropathy caused by fibro-osseous lesions who accepted endoscopic surgery of either resection of the lesion or decompression of optic nerve in Otorhinolaryngology Hospital, First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from 2007 to 2016 were retrospectively reviewed and followed until April, 2017...
September 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
Alastair J Martin, Philip A Starr, Jill L Ostrem, Paul S Larson
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging (iMRI) is increasingly used to implant deep brain stimulator (DBS) electrodes. The approach has the advantages of a high targeting accuracy, minimization of brain penetrations, and allowance of implantation under general anesthesia. The hemorrhagic complications of iMRI-guided DBS implantation have not been studied in a large series. We report on the incidence and characteristics of hemorrhage during these procedures. METHODS: Hemorrhage incidence was assessed in a series of 231 iMRI procedures (374 electrodes implanted)...
2017: Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery
Lakshmi Sudha Prasanna Karanam, Mukesh Sharma, Anand Alurkar, Sridhar Reddy Baddam, Vijaya Pamidimukkala, Raghavasarma Polavarapu
AIM: To evaluate the role and efficacy of the balloon angioplasty in intracranial atherosclerotic disease (ICAD) in patients who presented with acute stroke due to vessel occlusion and in patients with symptomatic disease despite optimum medical management. METHODS: From 2013 to 2016, a total of 39 patients (24 males and 15 females with a mean age of 64.5 years) underwent balloon angioplasty over a period of 2 years and 8 months in three different institutions in India...
June 2017: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Neurology
R Petermann
Fetal and neonatal allo-immune thrombocytopenia (FNAIT) is considered as a rare disease due to the incidence (1/1000-1/2000 births). The major complication of severe thrombocytopenia is bleeding and particularly intra-cranial hemorrhage and neurologic sequelae following. Serology and molecular biology developments have reconfigured the platelet immunology diagnosis. Anti-HPA-1a allo-immunisation is responsible for more than 80% FNAIT cases with a high recurrence rate of severe bleeding complications. Therapeutic management has changed over the coming years from an invasive concept associating fetal blood sampling and in utero platelet transfusion to a non invasive treatment by intravenous immunoglobulins injection (IVIg)...
September 2017: Transfusion Clinique et Biologique: Journal de la Société Française de Transfusion Sanguine
Saleh S Baeesa, Rakan F Bokhari, Khalid B Alghamdi, Hisham B Alem, Jaudah A Al-Maghrabi, Tariq A Madani
CONTEXT: Invasive sinonasal aspergillosis is a silently progressive disease that, left untreated, may invade the adjacent intracranial and intra-orbital compartments incurring serious morbidity. AIM: To evaluate our results of a collaborative surgical management plans for patients with invasive sinonasal aspergillosis with orbitocranial extension. SETTING AND DESIGN: Retrospective study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between the years 2000 and 2012, 12 patients with Aspergillus sinusitis with orbitocranial extension were treated at our institution...
April 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
Duncan Wilson, Fiona Chatterjee, Simon F Farmer, Peter Rudge, Mark O McCarron, Peter Cowley, David J Werring
Central nervous system infratentorial superficial siderosis (iSS) is increasingly detected by blood-sensitive magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sequences. Despite this, there are no standardized diagnostic criteria, and the clinical-radiological spectrum, causes, and optimum investigation strategy are not established. We reviewed clinical and radiological details of patients with iSS assessed at a specialist neurological center during 2004-2016 using predefined standardized radiological criteria. All imaging findings were rated blinded to clinical details...
March 2017: Annals of Neurology
Danielle Brewington, Dmitriy Petrov, Robert Whitmore, Grant Liu, Ronald Wolf, Eric L Zager
BACKGROUND: Intraneural arachnoid cyst is an extremely rare etiology of isolated cranial nerve palsy. Although seldom encountered in clinical practice, this pathology is amenable to surgical intervention. Correct identification and treatment of the cyst are required to prevent permanent nerve damage and potentially reverse the deficits. We describe a rare case of isolated third nerve palsy caused by an intraneural arachnoid cyst. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 49-year-old woman with a recent history of headaches experienced acute onset of painless left-sided third nerve palsy...
February 2017: World Neurosurgery
Steven C Budsberg, Michael S Shuler, Megan Hansen, Elizabeth Uhl, Brett A Freedman
BACKGROUND: Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) has been shown to aid in the diagnosis of extremity acute compartment syndrome (ACS), offering continuous real-time capability to monitor perfusion in extremities. Porcine models of ACS have been developed to attempt to aid in the understanding of the development of ACS and provide better methods of diagnosing ACS. The objective of the present study was to assess and correlate NIRS, tibial intracompartmental pressure (TICP), tibial intracompartmental perfusion pressure (TIPP), serum markers of inflammation and muscle injury in a balloon compression model of ACS...
November 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Shuichi Yamada, Hideyuki Ohnishi, Yoshiaki Takamura, Kenkichi Takahashi, Masato Hayashi, Yuji Kodama, Yoshihiro Kuga, Hiroyuki Nakase, Ichiro Nakagawa
Dissection of cranial and cervical arteries is a relatively frequent clinical condition. However, it is difficult to diagnose a dissection when patients present with relatively mild symptoms. Various radiological techniques are used as diagnostic tools. This study analyzed retrospectively the characteristics of cranial and cervical artery dissections using "MR first concept", with MRI as the first-choice diagnostic modality for all new patients with neurological symptoms. The patients who were admitted in Ohnishi neurological center between January 2001 and December 2014 were included...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
Changiz Gholipour, Bahram Samadi Rad, Samad Shams Vahdati, Amir Ghaffarzad, Armita Masoud
BACKGROUND: Trauma is considered as a worldwide problem despite socio-economic development. Motor vehicle accidents (MVAs) are the most important cause of trauma. Trauma related deaths are mostly preventable. This study aimed to investigate the causes and prevention of death in trauma patients. METHODS: This retrospective, descriptive-analytic study assessed 100 trauma patients referred to our emergency department (ED) from January 2013 to Januanry 2015. The included patients were those with trauma died after arrival at our ED...
2016: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
Li-Wei Lo, Tze-Fan Chao, Shih-Ann Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
Bixia Chen, Tobias Schoemberg, Oliver Kraff, Philipp Dammann, Andreas K Bitz, Marc Schlamann, Harald H Quick, Mark E Ladd, Ulrich Sure, Karsten H Wrede
OBJECTIVE: This study assesses and quantifies impairment of postoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at 7 Tesla (T) after implantation of titanium cranial fixation plates (CFPs) for neurosurgical bone flap fixation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study group comprised five patients who were intra-individually examined with 3 and 7 T MRI preoperatively and postoperatively (within 72 h/3 months) after implantation of CFPs. Acquired sequences included T1-weighted magnetization-prepared rapid-acquisition gradient-echo (MPRAGE), T2-weighted turbo-spin-echo (TSE) imaging, and susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI)...
June 2016: Magma
Tze-Fan Chao, Chia-Jen Liu, Jo-Nan Liao, Kang-Ling Wang, Yenn-Jiang Lin, Shih-Lin Chang, Li-Wei Lo, Yu-Feng Hu, Ta-Chuan Tuan, Fa-Po Chung, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Gregory Y H Lip, Shih-Ann Chen
BACKGROUND: The risk of further intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) and the benefit of stroke risk reduction with the use of oral anticoagulants for patients who have atrial fibrillation with a history of ICH remain unclear. We aimed to investigate the risks and benefits in patients who have atrial fibrillation with a previous ICH treated with warfarin or antiplatelet drugs in comparison with no antithrombotic therapies. METHODS AND RESULTS: This study used the National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan...
April 19, 2016: Circulation
B Joseph, V Pandit, B Zangbar, M Amman, M Khalil, T O'Keeffe, T Orouji, A Asif, A Katta, D Judkins, R S Friese, P Rhee
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic brain injury is a leading cause of disability in bicycle riders. Preventive measures including bicycle helmet laws have been highlighted; however, its protective role has always been debated. The aim of this study was to determine the utility of bicycle helmets in prevention of intra-cranial hemorrhage. We hypothesized that bicycle helmets are protective and prevent the development of intra-cranial hemorrhage. METHODS: We performed a 4-year (2009-2012) retrospective cohort analysis of all the patients who presented with traumatic brain injury due to bicycle injuries to our level 1 trauma center...
December 2014: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
Ryosuke Mori, Ichiro Yuki, Ikki Kajiwara, Yuichiro Nonaka, Toshihiro Ishibashi, Kostadin Karagiozov, Chiheb Dahmani, Yuichi Murayama
BACKGROUND: Intraventricular hemorrhages (IVHs) caused by ruptured cerebral aneurysms often have poor outcomes. Treatment challenges include comorbidities, increased intracranial pressure caused by IVH, and risk of rebleeding. CASE DESCRIPTION: Two cases of severe IVH accompanied by acute hydrocephalus caused by ruptured aneurysm were treated with coil embolization followed by endoscopic hematoma evacuation as a single treatment session in a hybrid operating room (OR) equipped with a multipurpose angio biplane system...
May 2016: World Neurosurgery
Baran Yılmaz, Semra Işık, Murat Şakir Ekşi, Emel Ece Özcan Ekşi, Akın Akakın, Zafer Orkun Toktaş, Deniz Konya
Remote cerebellar hemorrhage after cranial and spinal surgeries is a well-documented entity, so far concomitant supra- and infra-tentorial hemorrhage after spine surgery has rarely been reported in the literature. A 57-year-old woman presented with intractable low back pain and severely impaired mobility. One year ago, she underwent lumbar laminectomy and fusion with posterior spinal instrumentation between L2 and S1. She developed adjacent segment disease at the upper level of the instrumented vertebra. She had a revision surgery and underwent posterior laminectomy and fusion with bilateral transpedicular instrumentation between T10 and S1...
October 2015: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine
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