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Molecule diagnosis

Shih-Hsin Tu, Yin-Ching Lin, Chi-Cheng Huang, Po-Sheng Yang, Hui-Wen Chang, Chien-Hsi Chang, Chih-Hsiung Wu, Li-Ching Chen, Yuan-Soon Ho
We previously demonstrated that the activation of α9-nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (α9-nAchR) signaling by smoking promotes breast cancer formation. To investigate the downstream signaling molecules involved in α9-nAChR-induced breast tumorigenesis, we used real-time polymerase chain reactions and Western blotting to assess expression of protein phosphatase Mg2+/Mn2+ dependent 1F (PPM1F), a Ser/Thr protein phosphatase, in human breast cancer samples (n=167). Additionally, stable PPM1F-knockdown and -overexpressing cell lines were established to evaluate the function of PPM1F...
October 18, 2016: Oncotarget
Jialin Zhang, Wenxing Liu, Weiye Chen, Cuicui Li, Meimei Xie, Zhigao Bu
From 2013 to 2015, peste des petits ruminants (PPR) broke out in more than half of the provinces of China; thus, the application and development of diagnostic methods are very important for the control of PPR. Here, an immunoperoxidase monolayer assay (IPMA) was developed to detect antibodies against PPR. However, during IPMA development, we found that Vero cells were not the appropriate choice because staining results were not easily observed. Therefore, we first established a baby hamster kidney-goat signaling lymphocyte activation molecule (BHK-SLAM) cell line that could stably express goat SLAM for at least 20 generations...
2016: PloS One
N Gopalakrishnan, R Arul, J Dhanapriya, T Dinesh Kumar, R Sakthirajan, T Balasubramaniyan
Familial lecithin-cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) deficiency is a rare autosomal recessive (AR) disease caused by mutation in the LCAT gene. LCAT enzyme esterifies cholesterol molecules in high-density lipoprotein(HDL) and low density-lipoprotein (LDL) particles. This enzyme deficiency is characterised by progressive corneal opacification, glomerulopathy, mild - moderate haemolytic anaemia and very low plasma levels of HDL. We here report a 34 year-old lady who presented with hypertension, nephrotic proteinuria, renal failure, corneal ring opacities, anemia and dyslipidemia...
October 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Michela Malvisi, Fiorentina Palazzo, Nicola Morandi, Barbara Lazzari, John L Williams, Giulio Pagnacco, Giulietta Minozzi
Paratuberculosis in cattle is a chronic granulomatous gastroenteritis caused by Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratubercolosis (MAP) which is endemic worldwide. In dairy herds, it is responsible for huge economic losses. However, current diagnostic methods do not detect subclinical infection making control of the disease difficult. The identification of MAP infected animals during the sub-clinical phase of infection would play a key role in preventing the dissemination of the pathogen and in reducing transmission...
2016: PloS One
Zhen Wang, Jun-Qiang Chen, Jin-Lu Liu, Lei Tian
Tumor microenvironment (TME) plays an integral part in the biology of cancer, participating in tumor initiation, progression, and response to therapy. Exosome is an important part of TME. Exosomes are small vesicles formed in vesicular bodies with a diameter of 30-100 nm and a classic "cup" or "dish" morphology. They can contain microRNAs, mRNAs, DNA fragments and proteins, which are shuttled from a donor cell to recipient cells. Exosomes secreted from tumor cells are called tumor-derived (TD) exosomes. There is emerging evidence that TD exosomes can construct a fertile environment to support tumor proliferation, angiogenesis, invasion and premetastatic niche preparation...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Translational Medicine
Izabella Surowiec, Lisbeth Ärlestig, Solbritt Rantapää-Dahlqvist, Johan Trygg
OBJECTIVE: The early diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is desirable to install treatment to prevent disease progression and joint destruction. Autoantibodies and immunological markers pre-date the onset of symptoms by years albeit not all patients will present these factors, even at disease onset. Additional biomarkers would be of high value to improve early diagnosis and understanding of the process, leading to disease development. METHODS: Plasma samples donated before the onset of RA were identified in the Biobank of Northern Sweden, a collection within national health survey programs...
2016: PloS One
Concetta Zito, Luca Longobardo, Christian Cadeddu, Ines Monte, Giuseppina Novo, Sonia Dell'Oglio, Alessia Pepe, Rosalinda Madonna, Carlo G Tocchetti, Donato Mele
The evaluation by cardiovascular imaging of chemotherapy patients became a central topic in the last several years. The use of drugs for the treatment of cancers increased, and new molecules and protocols were developed to improve outcomes in these patients. Although, these novel approaches also produced a progressive increase in side effects, particularly myocardial dysfunction. Imaging of the heart was highly accurate in the early diagnosis of cancer therapeutics related-cardiac dysfunction. Echocardiography is the first-line method to assess ventricular function alterations, and it is required to satisfy the need for an early, easy and accurate diagnosis to stratify the risk of heart failure and manage treatments...
May 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
Ji Woong Lee, Yong Jin Lee, Un Chol Shin, Suhng Wook Kim, Byung Il Kim, Kyo Chul Lee, Jung Young Kim, Ji-Ae Park
Improving the in vivo pharmacokinetics (PK) of positron emission tomography (PET) radiotracers is of critical importance to tumor diagnosis and therapy. In the case of peptide-based radiotracers, the modification and addition of a linker or spacer functional group often offer faster in vivo pharmacokinetic behavior. In this study, the authors introduced two new PEGlyated dimeric c(RGD-ACH-K) conjugates, in which an aminocyclohexane carboxylic acid (ACH) is inserted into the ring chain of the cyclic RGD peptides, with a common bifunctional chelator (DOTA or NOTA) used for labeling with radiometals (including (68)Ga and (64)Cu)...
October 2016: Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals
Teresa Stemeseder, Eva Klinglmayr, Stephanie Moser, Lisa Lueftenegger, Roland Lang, Martin Himly, Gertie J Oostingh, Joerg Zumbach, Arne C Bathke, Thomas Hawranek, Gabriele Gadermaier
BACKGROUND: Allergen specific IgE antibodies are a hallmark of type I allergy. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to analyze the sensitization profiles of an Austrian adolescent population utilizing molecule-based IgE diagnosis. METHODS: Serum samples of 501 non-selected pupils from Salzburg, Austria, were tested in ImmunoCAP ISAC(®) for IgE reactivity to 112 single allergens. Sensitization profiles were assessed and statistically coordinated with reported allergies...
October 18, 2016: Allergy
J Gallo, N Vasimalai, M T Fernandez-Arguelles, M Bañobre-López
Diagnosis by MRI is frequently non-trivial due to the low sensitivity of the technique. Signal enhancing contrast agents (CAs) are used to aid in the analysis of MR images. We present here a simple protocol for the preparation of responsive CAs based on Mn nanosheets. Mn nanostructures presented here undergo a chemical and structural change in the presence of altered physiological conditions that activate their signal. This strategy allows for a reduction of background, increasing the sensitivity of the technique...
October 18, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Anandram Venkatasubramanian, Vincent T K Sauer, Swapan K Roy, Mike Xia, David S Wishart, Wayne K Hiebert
Micro-Gas Chromatography (GC) is promising for portable chemical analysis. We demonstrate a nano-optomechanical system (NOMS) as an ultrasensitive mass detector in gas chromatography. Bare, native oxide, silicon surfaces are sensitive enough to monitor volatile organic compounds at ppm levels, while simultaneously demonstrating chemical selectivity. The NOMS is able to sense GC peaks from derivatized metabolites at physiological concentrations. This is an important milestone for small-molecule quantitation assays in next generation metabolite analyses for applications such as disease diagnosis and personalized medicine...
October 17, 2016: Nano Letters
Hongjie Wu, Jing Li, Dongxiao Xu, Donghui Jv, Xiaofeng Meng, Peng Qiao, Tao Cui, Baozhong Shi
Glioma is one of the most common brain tumors and one of the most aggressive cancers. Although extensive progress has been made regarding to the diagnosis and treatment, the mortality in glioma patients is still high. Therefore, finding new therapeutic targets to the glioma is critical to the advancement in cancer treatment. Recently, the 37-kDa laminin receptor precursor (37LRP) was reported to play important roles in occurrence of some types of cancer, indicating that this molecule may function as a key regulator in the tumor migration and metastasis...
October 2016: Cell Biochemistry and Function
Sagadevan Kalaiselvan, Sathish Sankar, Mageshbabu Ramamurthy, Asit Ranjan Ghosh, Balaji Nandagopal, Gopalan Sridharan
Hantavirus infections are now recognized to be a global problem. The hantaviruses include several genotypic variants of the virus with different distributions in varying geographical regions. The virus genotypes seem to segregate in association with certain manifestations specific for each syndrome. They primarily include HFRS, HCPS, febrile illness with or without mild involvement of renal diseases. In the course of our study on hantavirus etiology of febrile illnesses, we recovered a hantavirus strain identified by nPCR...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Gabriella Giancane, Alessandro Consolaro, Stefano Lanni, Sergio Davì, Benedetta Schiappapietra, Angelo Ravelli
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis is a broad term that describes a clinically heterogeneous group of arthritides of unknown cause, which begin before 16 years of age. This term encompasses several disease categories, each of which has distinct presentation, clinical manifestations, and, presumably, genetic background and etiopathogenesis. Although none of the available drugs has curative potential, prognosis has greatly improved as a result of substantial progresses in disease management. The most important new development has been the introduction of the biologic medications, which constitute a valuable treatment option for patients who are resistant to conventional antirheumatic agents...
August 12, 2016: Rheumatol Ther
Austin Nguyen, Sheila Bhavsar, Erinn Riley, Gabriel Caponetti, Devendra Agrawal
Introduction High mobility group box 1 is a versatile protein involved in gene transcription, extracellular signaling, and response to inflammation. Extracellularly, high mobility group box 1 binds to several receptors, notably the receptor for advanced glycation end-products. Expression of high mobility group box 1 and the receptor for advanced glycation end-products has been described in many cancers. Objectives To systematically review the available literature using PubMed and Web of Science to evaluate the clinical value of high mobility group box 1 and the receptor for advanced glycation end-products in head and neck squamous cell carcinomas...
October 2016: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
Yuejuan Cao, Rongqing Li, Yangchun Li, Tao Zhang, Nan Wu, Jianyan Zhang, Zhaozeng Guo
BACKGROUND: Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a common disease with serious mortality and morbidity, worldwide. The present study aimed to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and construct a transcription factor-gene regulatory network to further study the early diagnosis of AMI. METHODS: The integrated analysis of publicly available Gene Expression Omnibus datasets of AMI was performed. Differentially expressed genes were identified between AMI and normal blood samples...
July 26, 2016: Heart, Lung & Circulation
M Mohammadi, M Goodarzi, M R Jaafari, H R Mirzaei, H Mirzaei
Neuroblastoma (NB) is known as a pediatric neoplasm that is associated with variable histopathological features. The use of biomarkers contributes to the monitoring and treatment of various malignancies such as NB. The identification of novel biomarkers such as (epi)genetic biomarkers and microRNAs (miRNAs) in NB has led to better treatments of NB. Among them, miRNAs have emerged as powerful tools in diagnosis, prognosis and therapeutic biomarkers for patients with NB. Circulating biomarkers such as circulating miRNAs present in body fluids (for example, plasma, serum and urine) provided an interesting field of study in NB treatment...
October 14, 2016: Cancer Gene Therapy
Z Heger, T Eckschlager, M Stiborová, V Adam
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer (PC) constitutes a heterogeneous group of diseases with high prevalence rates that are still increasing, particularly in western countries. Since 1980, prostate specific antigen (PSA) and other diagnostic approaches have been used for PC screening; however, some of these approaches are often deemed painful and cause invasive damage of tissue. Therefore, molecular approaches to PC diagnosis are attracting increasing attention, potentially providing patients with less stressful situations and providing better diagnoses and even prognostic information...
2016: Klinická Onkologie: Casopis Ceské a Slovenské Onkologické Spolecnosti
Ashvini Keshavan, Amanda Heslegrave, Henrik Zetterberg, Jonathan M Schott
Biomarkers in Alzheimer's disease (AD) have the potential to allow early and more accurate diagnosis, predict disease progression, stratify individuals and track response to candidate therapies in drug trials. The first fluid biomarkers reflecting aspects of AD neuropathology were identified in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the 1990s. Three CSF biomarkers (amyloid-β 1-42, total tau and phospho-tau) have consistently been shown to have diagnostic utility and are incorporated into the new diagnostic criteria for AD...
October 13, 2016: Molecular Diagnosis & Therapy
Mohammad Farmarzi, Mahmood Shishegar, Seyed Taghi Heydari, Arash Haghighi, Hadi Sharouny
INTRODUCTION: Adenotonsillar hypertrophy (ATH) may present with growth retardation. Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) mediates the anabolic effects of growth hormone (GH) on tissues. Most of the circulating IGF-1 molecules are bound to insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 3 (IGFBP-3). IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 serum levels reflect the levels of daily mean serum GH and are used as indices for evaluating the serum level of GH. This study aimed to determine the effect of adenotonsillectomy on IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 serum levels in patients with ATH or recurrent tonsillitis...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
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