keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Adult psychiatry

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103052/adjunctive-treatment-of-psychotic-disorders-with-micronutrients
#1
Lewis Mehl-Madrona, Barbara Mainguy
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of micronutrients (minerals and vitamins) on adult psychosis when added to conventional medications by using a placebo-controlled randomized design with a 1-month open-label run-in. DESIGN: Longitudinal comparison study following a randomized, controlled trial that had failed because participants declined to undergo randomization. Setting/Locations: Rural primary care and psychiatry clinic in northern New England (town of 16,000 people)...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095825/no-regrets-young-adult-patients-in-psychiatry-report-positive-reactions-to-biobank-participation
#2
Janet L Cunningham, Manuel Zanzi, Mimmie Willebrand, Lisa Ekselius, Mia Ramklint
BACKGROUND: Research in vulnerable individuals must insure voluntariness and minimize negative reactions caused by participation. This study aimed to describe consent and completion rate in young psychiatric patients in relation to study components, degree of disability and to compare response to research participation in patients and controls. METHODS: Between 2012 and 2015, 463 patients with psychiatric disorders between the ages of 18-25 from the Dept. of General Psychiatry at Uppsala University Hospital and 105 controls were recruited to donate data and samples to a biobank...
January 17, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070124/an-endophenotype-approach-to-the-genetics-of-alcohol-dependence-a-genome-wide-association-study-of-fast-beta-eeg-in-families-of-african-ancestry
#3
J L Meyers, J Zhang, J C Wang, J Su, S I Kuo, M Kapoor, L Wetherill, S Bertelsen, D Lai, J E Salvatore, C Kamarajan, D Chorlian, A Agrawal, L Almasy, L Bauer, K K Bucholz, G Chan, V Hesselbrock, L Koganti, J Kramer, S Kuperman, N Manz, A Pandey, M Seay, D Scott, R E Taylor, D M Dick, H J Edenberg, A Goate, T Foroud, B Porjesz
Fast beta (20-28 Hz) electroencephalogram (EEG) oscillatory activity may be a useful endophenotype for studying the genetics of disorders characterized by neural hyperexcitability, including substance use disorders (SUDs). However, the genetic underpinnings of fast beta EEG have not previously been studied in a population of African-American ancestry (AA). In a sample of 2382 AA individuals from 482 families drawn from the Collaborative Study on the Genetics of Alcoholism (COGA), we performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) on resting-state fast beta EEG power...
January 10, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066009/factors-associated-with-resilience-in-wives-of-individuals-with-alcohol-dependence-syndrome
#4
Sreeja Sreekumar, T P Subhalakshmi, P Joseph Varghese
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Mental health and resilience of family members of individuals with alcohol dependence affect their ability to cope with stress, maintain emotional well-being, and to positively adapt to their difficult life circumstances. This study attempted to study resilience among wives of men with alcohol dependence syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive patients with a diagnosis of alcohol dependence and their wives attending the Department of Psychiatry, MOSC Medical College, Kolenchery, Kerala, over a 1-year period were recruited...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065519/enhancing-pediatric-trainees-and-students-knowledge-in-providing-care-to-transgender-youth
#5
Stanley R Vance, Madeline B Deutsch, Stephen M Rosenthal, Sara M Buckelew
PURPOSE: To enhance pediatric trainees' and students' knowledge of the psychosocial and medical issues facing transgender youth through a comprehensive curriculum. METHODS: During the 2015-2016 academic year, we administered a transgender youth curriculum to fourth-year medical students, pediatric interns, psychiatry interns, and nurse practitioner students on their 1-month adolescent and young adult medicine rotation. The curriculum included six interactive, online modules and an observational experience in a multidisciplinary pediatric gender clinic...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065291/-schizophrenia-versus-cannabis-a-novel-psychoeducational-workshop-designed-with-patients
#6
REVIEW
Christelle Fouillet, Morgane Simon, Sonia Kular
A therapeutic workshop involving patients with schizophrenia and consumers of cannabis was created within the Lavallois adult psychiatry department. The collaboration between two nurses and a psychologist enabled new working tools to be designed and implemented with a pilot group of four patients, informed and aware of their condition, and admitting their use of cannabis. This article provides an initial assessment of this rewarding scheme.
January 2017: Soins. Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058589/assessment-of-effects-of-atomoxetine-in-adult-patients-with-adhd-consistency-among-three-geographic-regions-in-a-response-maintenance-study
#7
Yoko Tanaka, Rodrigo Escobar, Himanshu P Upadhyaya
A previous study (Upadhyaya et al. in Eur J Psychiatry 2013b; 27:185-205) reported that adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) demonstrated maintenance of response for up to 25 weeks after initially responding to atomoxetine treatment. In the present report, the consistency of treatment effect across three geographic regions (Europe, United States/Canada [US/Can], and Latin America [Latin Am]) was explored. Data were analyzed from a phase 3, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, maintenance-of-response (randomized withdrawal) trial of atomoxetine versus placebo in adults with ADHD...
January 6, 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044944/a-pragmatic-approach-to-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-mixed-features-in-adults-with-mood-disorders
#8
Roger S McIntyre, Yena Lee, Rodrigo B Mansur
Mixed features specifier (MFS) is a new nosological entity defined and operationalized in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), 5th Edition. The impetus to introduce the MFS and supplant mixed states was protean, including the lack of ecological validity, high rates of misdiagnosis, and guideline discordant treatment for mixed states. Mixed features specifier identifies a phenotype in psychiatry with greater illness burden, as evidenced by earlier age at onset, higher episode frequency and chronicity, psychiatric and medical comorbidity, suicidality, and suboptimal response to conventional antidepressants...
December 2016: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006997/guidelines-for-biological-treatment-of-substance-use-and-related-disorders-part-1-alcoholism-first-revision
#9
Michael Soyka, Henry R Kranzler, Victor Hesselbrock, Siegfried Kasper, Jochen Mutschler, Hans-Jürgen Möller
These practice guidelines for the biological treatment of alcohol use disorders are an update of the first edition, published in 2008, which was developed by an international Task Force of the World Federation of Societies of Biological Psychiatry (WFSBP). For this 2016 revision, we performed a systematic review (MEDLINE/PUBMED database, Cochrane Library) of all available publications pertaining to the biological treatment of alcoholism and extracted data from national guidelines. The Task Force evaluated the identified literature with respect to the strength of evidence for the efficacy of each medication and subsequently categorised it into six levels of evidence (A-F) and five levels of recommendation (1-5)...
December 23, 2016: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006091/cardiometabolic-assessment-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-chronic-medical-illnesses-during-an-inpatient-psychiatric-hospitalization-colocated-medical-care-versus-treatment-as-usual
#10
Jason R Tatreau, Suzanne Harris, Brian Sheitman, Beat D Steiner
Background: Reverse colocation care models reduce lifestyle risk factors, emergency department visits, and readmissions. Persons with serious mental illness have higher than average rates of cardiovascular disease-related morbidity and mortality, with second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs) conferring added related risks. Little is written about reverse colocated medical care (RCL) in inpatient psychiatric settings. The objective of this study was to identify associations between screening, diagnosis, and treatment of chronic medical comorbidities and mode of medical care for patients discharged from 2 inpatient psychiatric units on SGAs...
December 22, 2016: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994004/biological-aging-and-the-future-of-geriatric-psychiatry
#11
REVIEW
Bret R Rutherford, Warren D Taylor, Patrick J Brown, Joel R Sneed, Steven P Roose
Advances in understanding the biological bases of aging have intellectually revitalized the field of geriatric psychiatry and broadened its scope to include promoting successful aging and studying resilience factors in older adults. To describe the process by which this paradigm shift has occurred and illustrate its implications for treatment and research of late-life brain disorders, late-life depression is discussed as a prototype case. Prior phases of geriatric psychiatry research were focused on achieving depressive symptom relief, outlining pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic differences between older and younger adults, and identifying moderators of treatment response...
December 18, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976783/-diagnostics-and-treatment-of-autism-spectrum-disorders-in-older-adults-a-study-by-experts
#12
B Hitzert, R Schmidt, H M Geurts, S P J van Alphen
Empirical research into the diagnostics and treatment of older adults with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) is very limited; so far, only 17 studies have been published. ASD, however, is not confined to child and adult psychiatry. Increasingly, ASD is being identified and treated within the domain of geriatric psychiatry.<br/> AIM: To investigate diagnostic and therapeutic aspects of ASD in older adults, and to obtain insight into how these aspects are related to ageing.<br/> METHOD: Delphi techniques were employed via rounds of questionnaires put to experts; consensus was considered to have been achieved when a minimum of two-thirds of the experts 'agreed' or 'fully agreed' to a statement on a five-point scale...
2016: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27969074/assessing-catatonia-using-four-different-instruments-inter-rater-reliability-and-prevalence-in-inpatient-clinical-population
#13
Siddharth Sarkar, Sreekanth Sakey, Kaliaperumal Mathan, Balaji Bharadwaj, Shivanand Kattimani, Ravi P Rajkumar
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The present study aimed to assess inter-rater reliability and prevalence of catatonia according to four diagnostic methods: Bush Francis Catatonia Rating Scale (BFCRS) both screening and complete scale, Braunig's Catatonia Rating Scale (CRS), ICD 10 and DSM5. METHODS: For inter-rater reliability, different raters evaluated patients using the definitions provides by the four scales: BFCRS Screen and Total, CRS, ICD10 and DSM5. Kippendorff'α was used to compute the inter-rater reliability...
October 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936337/alcohol-use-in-an-older-adult-referred-to-a-consultation-liaison-psychiatry-service-a-case-report
#14
Adam Searby, Natalie van Swet, Phil Maude, Ian McGrath
Alcohol use disorder in older adults is associated with a number of substantial medical complications, including cognitive decline. Due to limited success and application of screening approaches in this cohort, older adults are more likely to present to general hospital settings with undiagnosed problematic alcohol use. Consultation-liaison psychiatry services operating in general hospital settings are likely to be referred older adults with alcohol use disorders for assessment and management. A 77-year-old female presented to a metropolitan hospital with symptoms including frequent falls, slurred speech, difficulty judging distance, hypersomnia, poor reasoning, and odd behaviours...
January 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925499/non-adherence-to-psychotropic-medication-among-adolescents-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#15
Alexander Häge, Lisa Weymann, Lucia Bliznak, Viktoria Märker, Konstantin Mechler, Ralf W Dittmann
INTRODUCTION: Whether patients take their medication as prescribed is of increasing importance in adolescent psychiatry since both the number of efficacious pharmaceutical treatments and the rate of prescriptions of psychotropic compounds are on the rise. Previous research showed high rates of medication nonadherence among both adolescents with medical disorders and adult patients with psychiatric disorders. METHODS: The present review was performed according to PRISMA guidelines and evaluates existing scientific literature concerning adherence to psychotropic medication among adolescents...
December 7, 2016: Zeitschrift Für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918948/adult-autism-subthreshold-spectrum-adas-spectrum-validation-of-a-questionnaire-investigating-subthreshold-autism-spectrum
#16
L Dell'Osso, C Gesi, E Massimetti, I M Cremone, M Barbuti, G Maccariello, I Moroni, S Barlati, G Castellini, M Luciano, L Bossini, M Rocchetti, M Signorelli, E Aguglia, A Fagiolini, P Politi, V Ricca, A Vita, C Carmassi, M Maj
AIM: Increasing literature has shown the usefulness of a dimensional approach to autism. The present study aimed to determine the psychometric properties of the Adult Autism Subthreshold Spectrum (AdAS Spectrum), a new questionnaire specifically tailored to assess subthreshold forms of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in adulthood. METHODS: 102 adults endorsing at least one DSM-5 symptom criterion for ASD (ASDc), 143 adults diagnosed with a feeding and eating disorder (FED), and 160 subjects with no mental disorders (CTL), were recruited from 7 Italian University Departments of Psychiatry and administered the following: SCID-5, Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ), Ritvo Autism and Asperger Diagnostic Scale 14-item version (RAADS-14), and AdAS Spectrum...
November 9, 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917218/can-we-predict-agitation-in-patients-with-suicide-attempts-in-the-emergency-department
#17
Ayhan Akoz, Sultan Tuna Akgol Gur, Elif Oral, Ummu Zeynep Avsar, Mucahit Emet
BACKGROUND: The agitation in patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) after suicide attempts is common and an important problem. OBJECTIVE: To establish whether we can predict agitated patients among suicide attempt patients in ED. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional observational study of adult suicide attempt events in ED. Information was collected prospectively on a specially designed data-collection form. Patients aged 16 years old and above who presented to the ED for care due to suicide attempts were included in the study...
September 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913990/sirukumab-a-potential-treatment-for-mood-disorders
#18
REVIEW
Aileen J Zhou, Yena Lee, Giacomo Salvadore, Benjamin Hsu, Trehani M Fonseka, Sidney H Kennedy, Roger S McIntyre
Convergent evidence indicates that abnormalities in the innate immune system may be pertinent to the pathogenesis, phenomenology, and possible treatment of several mental disorders. In keeping with this view, the targeting of interleukin-6 with the human monoclonal antibody sirukumab may represent a possible treatment and disease modification approach, for adults with brain-based disorders (e.g., major depressive disorder). A PubMed/Medline database search was performed using the following search terms: sirukumab; anti-IL-6; IL-6; major depressive disorder; inflammation...
January 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907025/measuring-social-motivation-using-signal-detection-and-reward-responsiveness
#19
Coralie Chevallier, Natasha Tonge, Lou Safra, David Kahn, Gregor Kohls, Judith Miller, Robert T Schultz
BACKGROUND: Recent trends in psychiatry have emphasized the need for a shift from categorical to dimensional approaches. Of critical importance to this transformation is the availability of tools to objectively quantify behaviors dimensionally. The present study focuses on social motivation, a dimension of behavior that is central to a range of psychiatric conditions but for which a particularly small number of assays currently exist. METHODS: In Study 1 (N = 48), healthy adults completed a monetary reward task and a social reward task, followed by completion of the Chapman Physical and Social Anhedonia Scales...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899267/tracking-health-care-service-use-and-the-experiences-of-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-without-intellectual-disability-a-longitudinal-study-of-service-rates-barriers-and-satisfaction
#20
Vanessa Vogan, Johanna K Lake, Ami Tint, Jonathan A Weiss, Yona Lunsky
BACKGROUND: Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) encounter many difficulties finding and accessing health care services. Despite this, few studies have considered the health service use patterns of adults with ASD without intellectual disability (ID). OBJECTIVES: The current study examines a diverse range of medical and mental health services and supports, as well as adults' personal experiences accessing and using these services, barriers to service use, and reported unmet service needs...
November 22, 2016: Disability and Health Journal
keyword
keyword
99068
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"