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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130585/exploring-patient-reported-outcomes-following-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-a-qualitative-study
#1
Darshini R Ayton, Anna L Barker, Geeske M E E Peeters, Danielle E Berkovic, Jeffrey Lefkovits, Angela Brennan, Sue Evans, John Zalcberg, Christopher Reid, Johannes Just Stoelwinder, John McNeil
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is a common cardiac procedure used to treat obstructive coronary artery disease. Patient-centred care is a priority in cardiovascular health having been shown to increase patient satisfaction, engagement with rehabilitation activities and reduce anxiety. Evidence indicates that patient-centred care is best achieved by routine collection of patient-reported outcomes (PROs). However, existing patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) have limited the patient involvement in their development...
November 12, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933101/-discussion-on-relevant-theories-of-qi-blood-shen-and-formula-implication-of-guan-xin-jing-capsule
#2
Rui-Ping Li, Guo-Hua Yu, Jun-Fang Li, Shi-Huan Tang
In the field of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM),the definition of "Shen" contains a broad concept and a narrow concept. Broad "Shen" is the dominator and administrator of human vital movement,while narrow "Shen" means spirit, consciousness, thinking and emotions of human. "Shen" originates from innate essence of parents, and survives on acquired essence of water and food as well as the nutrition of its metaplastic Qi-Blood-Body fluid. Qi-Blood,the most precious asset of human body, is a quite important section of one person and the central material basis of "Shen-Zhi"...
November 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720602/a-reminder-of-escherichia-coli-sepsis-induced-reversible-cardiomyopathy
#3
Aung Naing Lin, Atif Shaikh, Sithu Lin, Deepika Misra
Cardiomyopathy is a progressive disease of myocardium causing either mechanical or electrical disturbances. Sepsis-induced cardiomyopathy (SICM) is an entity of cardiomyopathy which is reversible in 1â€"2 weeks after recovery from sepsis or septic shock. SICM is thought to have unpredictable cumulative mortality towards sepsis but its exact mechanism remains elusive. We report a case of Escherichia coli SICM in a 63-year-old woman presented with sudden onset of dyspnoea on exertion and orthopnoea following nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea after consuming Chinese foods...
July 18, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710688/death-by-food
#4
Roger W Byard
Although death from food is not an uncommon finding in forensic facilities worldwide, the range of underlying lethal mechanisms and associated conditions that should be sought at the time of autopsy is quite disparate. Deaths may occur from i) infectious agents including bacteria, viruses, protozoa, cestodes, nematodes and prions; ii) natural toxins including amanita toxins, tetrodotoxin, ciguatera and scombroid; iii) anaphylaxis; iv) poisoning; v) mechanical issues around airway and gut obstruction and/or perforation; and vi) miscellaneous causes...
July 15, 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540072/standard-imaging-techniques-in-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement
#5
REVIEW
Arash Salemi, Berhane M Worku
Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) has become a widely accepted therapeutic option for patients with severe, symptomatic aortic stenosis at intermediate, high, or extreme risk for conventional surgery as determined through a heart team approach. Two valve prostheses are currently available and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved in the United States for TAVR: the self-expandable Medtronic CoreValve (Medtronic, Inc., Minneapolis, MN, USA) and the balloon-expandable Edwards Sapien Valve (Edwards Lifesciences, Irvine CA, USA)...
April 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27049034/the-2015-dutch-food-based-dietary-guidelines
#6
REVIEW
D Kromhout, C J K Spaaij, J de Goede, R M Weggemans
The objective of this study was to derive food-based dietary guidelines for the Dutch population. The dietary guidelines are based on 29 systematic reviews of English language meta-analyses in PubMed summarizing randomized controlled trials and prospective cohort studies on nutrients, foods and food patterns and the risk of 10 major chronic diseases: coronary heart disease, stroke, heart failure, diabetes, breast cancer, colorectal cancer, lung cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, dementia and depression...
August 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26834850/pediatric-obesity-causes-symptoms-prevention-and-treatment
#7
Shumei Xu, Ying Xue
Pediatric or childhood obesity is the most prevalent nutritional disorder among children and adolescents worldwide. Approximately 43 million individuals are obese, 21-24% children and adolescents are overweight, and 16-18% of individuals have abdominal obesity. The prevalence of obesity is highest among specific ethnic groups. Obesity increases the risk of heart diseases in children and adults. Childhood obesity predisposes the individual to insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, liver and kidney diseases and causes reproductive dysfunction in adults...
January 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26731084/consensus-statement-by-the-american-association-of-clinical-endocrinologists-and-american-college-of-endocrinology-on-the-comprehensive-type-2-diabetes-management-algorithm-2016-executive-summary
#8
Alan J Garber, Martin J Abrahamson, Joshua I Barzilay, Lawrence Blonde, Zachary T Bloomgarden, Michael A Bush, Samuel Dagogo-Jack, Ralph A DeFronzo, Daniel Einhorn, Vivian A Fonseca, Jeffrey R Garber, W Timothy Garvey, George Grunberger, Yehuda Handelsman, Robert R Henry, Irl B Hirsch, Paul S Jellinger, Janet B McGill, Jeffrey I Mechanick, Paul D Rosenblit, Guillermo E Umpierrez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26262697/-consumption-of-cheese-and-milk-and-chronic-diseases-associated-with-obesity-friend-or-foe
#9
Samuel Durán Agüero, Jairo Torres García, Julio Sanhueza Catalán
Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and especially the obstruction of the coronary arteries are the main health expenditure in most of the countries. However, France, according to WHO, has the lowest mortality from these causes but shows a high dietary intake of saturated fats, known as the French paradox. In addition, consumption of wine, small food intakes, regular exercise, increased intake of fruits and vegetables rich in dietary fiber, flavonoids and phytosterols and also cheese comsumption, are factors which together contribute to the paradox...
July 1, 2015: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25249028/economic-burden-of-community-based-disease-associated-malnutrition-in-the-united-states
#10
Julia Thornton Snider, Mark T Linthicum, Yanyu Wu, Chris LaVallee, Darius N Lakdawalla, Refaat Hegazi, Laura Matarese
BACKGROUND: The burden imposed by disease-associated malnutrition (DAM) on patients and the healthcare system in food-abundant industrialized countries is often underappreciated. This study measured the economic burden of community-based DAM in the United States. METHODS: The burden of DAM was quantified in terms of direct medical costs, quality-adjusted life years lost, and mortality across 8 diseases (breast cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease [COPD], colorectal cancer [CRC], coronary heart disease [CHD], dementia, depression, musculoskeletal disorders, and stroke)...
November 2014: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24879713/use-of-fractional-flow-reserve-in-the-assessment-of-chronic-mesenteric-ischemia
#11
Immad Sadiq, Sanjayant Chamakura, Saadi Siddiqi, Ronan Margey, Talhat Azemi
Chronic mesenteric ischemia (CMI) is a rare condition that is usually the result of atherosclerotic obstructive disease affecting the mesenteric arteries. The classic triad of post-prandial pain, food aversion and weight loss is not always present, often leading to low clinical suspicion for CMI and underdiagnosis. Non-invasive evaluation for CMI usually starts with mesenteric arterial duplex scanning, followed by computed tomography angiography, magnetic resonance angiography or conventional angiography, the latter being the gold standard for establishing its diagnosis...
June 2014: Vascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24440543/treat-or-eat-food-insecurity-cost-related-medication-underuse-and-unmet-needs
#12
Seth A Berkowitz, Hilary K Seligman, Niteesh K Choudhry
BACKGROUND: Adults with chronic disease are often unable to meet medication and food needs, but no study has examined the relationship between cost-related medication underuse and food insecurity in a nationally representative sample. We examined which groups most commonly face unmet food and medication needs. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of data from chronically ill participants (self-report of arthritis, diabetes mellitus, cancer, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, stroke, hypertension, coronary heart disease, or presence of a "psychiatric problem") aged ≥20 years, in the 2011 National Health Interview Survey...
April 2014: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23974768/new-medications-for-obesity-management-changing-the-landscape-of-obesity-treatment
#13
REVIEW
Nadia Boulghassoul-Pietrzykowska, Jennifer Franceschelli, Christopher Still
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Despite being one of the most prevalent chronic diseases, obesity was not recognized as such until very recently. Although linked to ubiquitous diseases like diabetes, hypertension, coronary artery disease, obstructive sleep apnea, and many others, targeted treatments are few. Diet, exercise, and behavior modification are the pillars of weight loss. When they alone do not achieve the required weight reduction, medications may be used for patients with a BMI above 30 or above 27 if obesity-related comorbidities are present...
October 2013: Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23956714/n-acetylcysteine-instead-of-theophylline-in-patients-with-copd-who-are-candidates-for-elective-off-pump-cabg-surgery-is-it-possible-in-cardiovascular-surgery-unit
#14
Seyed Jalil Mirhosseini, Seyed Khalil Forouzannia, Marjan Nasirian, Sadegh Ali-Hassan-Sayegh
BACKGROUND: Forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) is a good predictor of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). COPD is characterized by a chronic limitation of airflow. This study was designed to compare the effects and complications of theophylline alone, N-acetylcysteine (NAC) alone, and a combination of the two drugs on the rates of FEV1 in patients with COPD who were candidates for off-pump coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. METHODS: This clinical trial was performed on 100 patients who had a smoking history of 27 pack years with a range of 20 to 40 pack years but were not heavy smokers and were candidates for elective off-pump CABG surgery in Afshar Cardiovascular Hospital, Yazd, Iran...
April 2013: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23769560/comparative-analysis-of-early-and-middle-outcomes-of-the-arterial-switch-operation-in-children-with-complete-transposition-of-the-great-arteries-with-ventricular-septal-defect-and-severe-pulmonary-artery-hypertension
#15
Cheng-hu Liu, Jun-wu Su, Zhi-qiang Li, Xiang-ming Fan, Yan Chen, Yan He, Ying-long Liu
BACKGROUND: The best age for the arterial switch operation (ASO) in complete transposition of great arteries with ventricular septal defect is usually considered to be within six months. This is because of severe pulmonary arterial hypertension and pulmonary arterial obstructive pathological changes. There are few reports on ASO surgery in children older than three years old. METHODS: We studied 41 children, including 24 males and 17 females, from January 2010 to December 2011...
2013: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23421035/-3-nitrotyrosine-determination-as-nitrosative-stress-marker-and-health-attitudes-of-medical-students-considering-exposure-to-environmental-tobacco-smoke
#16
Magdalena Szumska, Tomasz Wielkoszyński, Krystyna Tyrpień
Negative attitudes in health such as cigarette smoking and imbalanced diet play important role in pathogenesis of various diseases. Cigarette smoking constitutes one of the main sources of exposure to cancerogenic and procancerogenic xenobiotics among adults as well as among young people. Many studies have proven that cigarettes smokers more frequently follow less varied diet in comparison to non-smokers. Despite increasing knowledge of Poles regarding harmful effects of cigarettes smoking and numerous antinicotine campaigns, still high number of women and men smoke and the smoking percentage among young people remains high and has not decreased in the recent years...
2012: Przegla̧d Lekarski
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23229649/regadenoson-a-focused-update
#17
REVIEW
Gopal Ghimire, Fadi G Hage, Jaekyeong Heo, Ami E Iskandrian
Since its approval by the Food and Drug Administration in 2008, regadenoson has become the most commonly used vasodilator in the United States. Previous reviews have summarized the pre-clinical and clinical data on the use of regadenoson for myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI). Since then, data have emerged on the safety of this agent in special groups of patients such as those with chronic kidney disease, airway disease (asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), and liver disease. There has also been recent interest in the use of regadenoson in hybrid protocols with exercise as a way to improve patient tolerance and image quality...
April 2013: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23074527/bariatric-surgery-for-people-with-diabetes-and-morbid-obesity-an-evidence-based-analysis
#18
(no author information available yet)
UNLABELLED: In June 2008, the Medical Advisory Secretariat began work on the Diabetes Strategy Evidence Project, an evidence-based review of the literature surrounding strategies for successful management and treatment of diabetes. This project came about when the Health System Strategy Division at the Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care subsequently asked the secretariat to provide an evidentiary platform for the Ministry's newly released Diabetes Strategy.After an initial review of the strategy and consultation with experts, the secretariat identified five key areas in which evidence was needed...
2009: Ontario Health Technology Assessment Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22735246/fatal-serotonin-syndrome-precipitated-by-oxcarbazepine-in-a-patient-using-an-selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitor
#19
Christopher Dardis, Eghosa Omoregie, Vanthanh Ly
Oxcarbazepine, a metabolite of carbamazepine, is used as an antiepileptic, analgesic for neuropathic pain and in the treatment of affective disorders. It has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration for partial seizures in adults as both adjunctive and monotherapy, and as adjunctive therapy in children aged from 2 to 16 years (http://www.fda.gov/ohrms/dockets/ac/06/briefing/2006-4254b_07_05_KP%20OxcarbazepineFDAlabel102005.pdf). We present a case of serotonin syndrome, which was precipitated by this medicine in a patient who had been predisposed by long-term treatment with sertraline, a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor...
July 2012: Neurologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22684631/critical-review-vegetables-and-fruit-in-the-prevention-of-chronic-diseases
#20
REVIEW
Heiner Boeing, Angela Bechthold, Achim Bub, Sabine Ellinger, Dirk Haller, Anja Kroke, Eva Leschik-Bonnet, Manfred J Müller, Helmut Oberritter, Matthias Schulze, Peter Stehle, Bernhard Watzl
BACKGROUND: Vegetables and fruit provide a significant part of human nutrition, as they are important sources of nutrients, dietary fibre, and phytochemicals. However, it is uncertain whether the risk of certain chronic diseases can be reduced by increased consumption of vegetables or fruit by the general public, and what strength of evidence has to be allocated to such an association. METHODS: Therefore, a comprehensive analysis of the studies available in the literature and the respective study results has been performed and evaluated regarding obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension, coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke, cancer, chronic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), asthma, osteoporosis, eye diseases, and dementia...
September 2012: European Journal of Nutrition
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