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Obstruction coronary and food

D Kromhout, C J K Spaaij, J de Goede, R M Weggemans
The objective of this study was to derive food-based dietary guidelines for the Dutch population. The dietary guidelines are based on 29 systematic reviews of English language meta-analyses in PubMed summarizing randomized controlled trials and prospective cohort studies on nutrients, foods and food patterns and the risk of 10 major chronic diseases: coronary heart disease, stroke, heart failure, diabetes, breast cancer, colorectal cancer, lung cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, dementia and depression...
August 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Shumei Xu, Ying Xue
Pediatric or childhood obesity is the most prevalent nutritional disorder among children and adolescents worldwide. Approximately 43 million individuals are obese, 21-24% children and adolescents are overweight, and 16-18% of individuals have abdominal obesity. The prevalence of obesity is highest among specific ethnic groups. Obesity increases the risk of heart diseases in children and adults. Childhood obesity predisposes the individual to insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, liver and kidney diseases and causes reproductive dysfunction in adults...
January 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Alan J Garber, Martin J Abrahamson, Joshua I Barzilay, Lawrence Blonde, Zachary T Bloomgarden, Michael A Bush, Samuel Dagogo-Jack, Ralph A DeFronzo, Daniel Einhorn, Vivian A Fonseca, Jeffrey R Garber, W Timothy Garvey, George Grunberger, Yehuda Handelsman, Robert R Henry, Irl B Hirsch, Paul S Jellinger, Janet B McGill, Jeffrey I Mechanick, Paul D Rosenblit, Guillermo E Umpierrez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Endocrine Practice
Samuel Durán Agüero, Jairo Torres García, Julio Sanhueza Catalán
Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and especially the obstruction of the coronary arteries are the main health expenditure in most of the countries. However, France, according to WHO, has the lowest mortality from these causes but shows a high dietary intake of saturated fats, known as the French paradox. In addition, consumption of wine, small food intakes, regular exercise, increased intake of fruits and vegetables rich in dietary fiber, flavonoids and phytosterols and also cheese comsumption, are factors which together contribute to the paradox...
July 1, 2015: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Julia Thornton Snider, Mark T Linthicum, Yanyu Wu, Chris LaVallee, Darius N Lakdawalla, Refaat Hegazi, Laura Matarese
BACKGROUND: The burden imposed by disease-associated malnutrition (DAM) on patients and the healthcare system in food-abundant industrialized countries is often underappreciated. This study measured the economic burden of community-based DAM in the United States. METHODS: The burden of DAM was quantified in terms of direct medical costs, quality-adjusted life years lost, and mortality across 8 diseases (breast cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease [COPD], colorectal cancer [CRC], coronary heart disease [CHD], dementia, depression, musculoskeletal disorders, and stroke)...
November 2014: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Immad Sadiq, Sanjayant Chamakura, Saadi Siddiqi, Ronan Margey, Talhat Azemi
Chronic mesenteric ischemia (CMI) is a rare condition that is usually the result of atherosclerotic obstructive disease affecting the mesenteric arteries. The classic triad of post-prandial pain, food aversion and weight loss is not always present, often leading to low clinical suspicion for CMI and underdiagnosis. Non-invasive evaluation for CMI usually starts with mesenteric arterial duplex scanning, followed by computed tomography angiography, magnetic resonance angiography or conventional angiography, the latter being the gold standard for establishing its diagnosis...
June 2014: Vascular Medicine
Seth A Berkowitz, Hilary K Seligman, Niteesh K Choudhry
BACKGROUND: Adults with chronic disease are often unable to meet medication and food needs, but no study has examined the relationship between cost-related medication underuse and food insecurity in a nationally representative sample. We examined which groups most commonly face unmet food and medication needs. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of data from chronically ill participants (self-report of arthritis, diabetes mellitus, cancer, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, stroke, hypertension, coronary heart disease, or presence of a "psychiatric problem") aged ≥20 years, in the 2011 National Health Interview Survey...
April 2014: American Journal of Medicine
Nadia Boulghassoul-Pietrzykowska, Jennifer Franceschelli, Christopher Still
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Despite being one of the most prevalent chronic diseases, obesity was not recognized as such until very recently. Although linked to ubiquitous diseases like diabetes, hypertension, coronary artery disease, obstructive sleep apnea, and many others, targeted treatments are few. Diet, exercise, and behavior modification are the pillars of weight loss. When they alone do not achieve the required weight reduction, medications may be used for patients with a BMI above 30 or above 27 if obesity-related comorbidities are present...
October 2013: Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Obesity
Seyed Jalil Mirhosseini, Seyed Khalil Forouzannia, Marjan Nasirian, Sadegh Ali-Hassan-Sayegh
BACKGROUND: Forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) is a good predictor of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). COPD is characterized by a chronic limitation of airflow. This study was designed to compare the effects and complications of theophylline alone, N-acetylcysteine (NAC) alone, and a combination of the two drugs on the rates of FEV1 in patients with COPD who were candidates for off-pump coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. METHODS: This clinical trial was performed on 100 patients who had a smoking history of 27 pack years with a range of 20 to 40 pack years but were not heavy smokers and were candidates for elective off-pump CABG surgery in Afshar Cardiovascular Hospital, Yazd, Iran...
April 2013: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
Cheng-hu Liu, Jun-wu Su, Zhi-qiang Li, Xiang-ming Fan, Yan Chen, Yan He, Ying-long Liu
BACKGROUND: The best age for the arterial switch operation (ASO) in complete transposition of great arteries with ventricular septal defect is usually considered to be within six months. This is because of severe pulmonary arterial hypertension and pulmonary arterial obstructive pathological changes. There are few reports on ASO surgery in children older than three years old. METHODS: We studied 41 children, including 24 males and 17 females, from January 2010 to December 2011...
2013: Chinese Medical Journal
Magdalena Szumska, Tomasz Wielkoszyński, Krystyna Tyrpień
Negative attitudes in health such as cigarette smoking and imbalanced diet play important role in pathogenesis of various diseases. Cigarette smoking constitutes one of the main sources of exposure to cancerogenic and procancerogenic xenobiotics among adults as well as among young people. Many studies have proven that cigarettes smokers more frequently follow less varied diet in comparison to non-smokers. Despite increasing knowledge of Poles regarding harmful effects of cigarettes smoking and numerous antinicotine campaigns, still high number of women and men smoke and the smoking percentage among young people remains high and has not decreased in the recent years...
2012: Przegla̧d Lekarski
Gopal Ghimire, Fadi G Hage, Jaekyeong Heo, Ami E Iskandrian
Since its approval by the Food and Drug Administration in 2008, regadenoson has become the most commonly used vasodilator in the United States. Previous reviews have summarized the pre-clinical and clinical data on the use of regadenoson for myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI). Since then, data have emerged on the safety of this agent in special groups of patients such as those with chronic kidney disease, airway disease (asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), and liver disease. There has also been recent interest in the use of regadenoson in hybrid protocols with exercise as a way to improve patient tolerance and image quality...
April 2013: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
(no author information available yet)
UNLABELLED: In June 2008, the Medical Advisory Secretariat began work on the Diabetes Strategy Evidence Project, an evidence-based review of the literature surrounding strategies for successful management and treatment of diabetes. This project came about when the Health System Strategy Division at the Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care subsequently asked the secretariat to provide an evidentiary platform for the Ministry's newly released Diabetes Strategy.After an initial review of the strategy and consultation with experts, the secretariat identified five key areas in which evidence was needed...
2009: Ontario Health Technology Assessment Series
Christopher Dardis, Eghosa Omoregie, Vanthanh Ly
Oxcarbazepine, a metabolite of carbamazepine, is used as an antiepileptic, analgesic for neuropathic pain and in the treatment of affective disorders. It has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration for partial seizures in adults as both adjunctive and monotherapy, and as adjunctive therapy in children aged from 2 to 16 years ( We present a case of serotonin syndrome, which was precipitated by this medicine in a patient who had been predisposed by long-term treatment with sertraline, a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor...
July 2012: Neurologist
Heiner Boeing, Angela Bechthold, Achim Bub, Sabine Ellinger, Dirk Haller, Anja Kroke, Eva Leschik-Bonnet, Manfred J Müller, Helmut Oberritter, Matthias Schulze, Peter Stehle, Bernhard Watzl
BACKGROUND: Vegetables and fruit provide a significant part of human nutrition, as they are important sources of nutrients, dietary fibre, and phytochemicals. However, it is uncertain whether the risk of certain chronic diseases can be reduced by increased consumption of vegetables or fruit by the general public, and what strength of evidence has to be allocated to such an association. METHODS: Therefore, a comprehensive analysis of the studies available in the literature and the respective study results has been performed and evaluated regarding obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension, coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke, cancer, chronic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), asthma, osteoporosis, eye diseases, and dementia...
September 2012: European Journal of Nutrition
Sunil Beniwal, Bharat Bhushan Sharma, Virendra Singh
AIMS: To study the awareness, attitude and behavior of patients with chronic disease in those who come for follow-up, about nature of their disease, compliance to drugs and precautions. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients attending medical outdoor with a prescription documents (discharge cards, pensioner diary, prescription letter etc.) bearing diagnosis of the chronic disease in question based on standard criteria were studied for a period of six month. Patient with chronic disease completed a questionnaire containing questions about nature of disease, important precautions and compliance to the treatment...
June 2011: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Laura Mauri, Martin B Leon, Alan C Yeung, Manuela Negoita, Michelle J Keyes, Joseph M Massaro
BACKGROUND: Drug-eluting stents (DES) are commonly used to treat obstructive coronary disease and avoid restenosis. Newer DES have been developed to improve effectiveness and safety. We describe a clinical trial to evaluate a DES with a novel polymer that may improve the antirestenosis effectiveness while maintaining the safety standards of currently Food and Drug Administration-approved DES. METHODS: The RESOLUTE US Trial is a multicenter, nonrandomized trial prospectively designed to compare the Resolute zotarolimus-eluting stent (R-ZES) to the Food and Drug Administration-approved Endeavor ZES using patient-level historical control data, adjusting for baseline covariates through propensity score...
May 2011: American Heart Journal
Dominique Crain, Abid Bhat
Cigarette smoking is the most important modifiable risk factor for premature mortality. Many common and serious diseases, including coronary artery disease, chronic obstructive lung disease, stroke, and cancer, are strongly linked to cigarette smoking. Smoking cessation is difficult due to nicotine addiction and withdrawal symptoms. Comprehensive programs for tobacco control can substantially reduce the frequency of tobacco use. Physicians can improve screening and increase cessation rates by asking patients about tobacco use at every office visit...
February 2010: Hospital Practice (Minneapolis)
Eiichi Tanaka, Frederick Y Chen, Robert Flaumenhaft, Gwenda J Graham, Rita G Laurence, John V Frangioni
OBJECTIVES: We have developed an image-guided surgical system based on invisible near-infrared fluorescent light. Presently, the only clinically available near-infrared fluorophore is indocyanine green, which fluoresces at approximately 800 nm and is used for coronary angiography. Our objective was to determine whether methylene blue, already US Food and Drug Administration approved for other indications, has useful near-infrared fluorescence properties for image-guided cardiac surgery...
July 2009: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Sarah Schalinski, Saskia S Guddat, Michael Tsokos, Roger W Byard
Achalasia is a neurodegenerative condition characterized by esophageal dysmotility and megaesophagus. Two cases are reported that demonstrate unexpected deaths associated with previously unsuspected achalasia. Case 1: A 66-year-old woman was found dead at her home. At autopsy significant stenosing coronary artery atherosclerosis was found with cardiac failure. In addition, a striking finding was narrowing of the distal esophagus with marked proximal dilatation. The esophagus was completely filled with a large amount of soft masticated food and was bulging anteriorly, compressing the left atrium...
January 2009: Journal of Forensic Sciences
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