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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110364/repair-of-sternoclavicular-joint-dislocations-with-fiberwire-%C3%A2
#1
Stefan Adamcik, Markus Ahler, Konstantinos Gioutsos, Ralph A Schmid, Gregor J Kocher
PURPOSE: Up to 50% of traumatic sternoclavicular joint (SCJ) dislocations need open reduction and fixation to prevent long-term complications and complaints. We present our preferred surgical approach for acute as well as chronic SCJ dislocations, including their outcome. METHODS: Five consecutive male patients with a median age of 27 (range 20-49) were treated for traumatic anterior (n = 2) or posterior (n = 3) SCJ dislocation. Open reduction and surgical fixation were achieved by a modified figure-of-eight sutures using Fiberwire(®)...
January 21, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110255/the-impact-of-using-standardized-patients-in-psychiatric-cases-on-the-levels-of-motivation-and-perceived-learning-of-the-nursing-students
#2
Gamze Sarikoc, Celale Tangul Ozcan, Melih Elcin
BACKGROUND: The use of standardized patients is not very common in psychiatric nursing education and there has been no study conducted in Turkey. AIM: This study evaluated the impact of using standardized patients in psychiatric cases on the levels of motivation and perceived learning of the nursing students. DESIGN: This manuscript addressed the quantitative aspect of a doctoral thesis study in which both quantitative and qualitative methods were used...
January 8, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109727/socioeconomic-disparities-in-adolescent-substance-use-role-of-enjoyable-alternative-substance-free-activities
#3
Nafeesa Andrabi, Rubin Khoddam, Adam M Leventhal
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether reduced substance-free enjoyable activity (i.e., 'alternative reinforcers') is a mediating mechanism linking lower socioeconomic status and adolescent substance use risk. METHOD: High school students in Los Angeles, CA (N = 2,553, 2013-2014, M age baseline = 14.1) were administered three semiannual surveys. Socioeconomic status was measured by highest parental education reported at Wave 1 (the beginning of 9th grade). Three elements of alternative reinforcement at Wave 2 (six-month follow-up) were assessed as mediators: ratings of frequency of engagement, level of enjoyment, and frequency × enjoyment product scores of substance-free typically pleasant activities (like participation in sports teams or school clubs)...
January 12, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109695/korean-translation-and-validation-of-the-whoqol-dis-for-people-with-spinal-cord-injury-and-stroke
#4
Kuem Ju Lee, Hye In Jang, Hyun Choi
BACKGROUND: The QOL assessment to measure disabilities has needed to survey studies for a variety of fields. Until now, no Korean translation of the World Health Organization Quality of Life-disability (WHOQOL-DIS) module existed. OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: We translated and cross-culturally adapted the WHOQOL-DIS module into Korean, testing its reliability and validity with Korean spinal cord injury and stroke patients. METHODS: The translation occurred using the methodology recommended by WHO...
January 1, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109459/intensity-of-binge-drinking-a-decade-after-the-september-11th-terror-attacks-among-exposed-individuals
#5
Alice E Welch, Kimberly Caramanica Zweig, Jonathan M McAteer, Robert M Brackbill
INTRODUCTION: The 9/11 terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center resulted in elevated post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and alcohol use among exposed individuals. The relationship among traumatic exposure, PTSD, and excessive drinking is well documented; however, little is known about these relationships in the long term. This study examines factors increasing binge drinking risk among exposed individuals a decade post-9/11. METHODS: In 2015-2016, data were analyzed from 28,592 World Trade Center Health Registry enrollees aged ≥18 years who completed the Wave 3 (2011-2012) survey...
February 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109298/neuroregenerative-potential-of-intravenous-g-csf-and-autologous-peripheral-blood-stem-cells-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-randomized-double-blind-cross-over-study
#6
Wee-Jin Rah, Young-Ho Lee, Jin-Hwa Moon, Hyun-Ju Jun, Hye-Ryeong Kang, Hani Koh, Hye Jung Eom, Ji Young Lee, Young Jun Lee, Ji Young Kim, Yun-Young Choi, Kyeongil Park, Mi Jung Kim, Seung-Hyun Kim
OBJECTIVE: We performed a randomized, double-blind, cross-over study to assess the neuroregenerative potential of intravenous granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) followed by infusion of mobilized peripheral blood mononuclear cells (mPBMCs) in children with cerebral palsy (CP). METHODS: Children with non-severe CP were enrolled in this study. G-CSF was administered for 5 days, then mPBMCs were collected by apheresis and cryopreserved. One month later (M1), recipients were randomized to receive either mPBMCs or a placebo infusion, and these treatment groups were switched at 7 months (M7) and observed for another 6 months (M13)...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109100/-claudin-3-expression-in-colorectal-carcinoma-and-its-significance
#7
Jing-Yi Li, Fang Xie, Xiao-Ping Xu, Juan-Juan Ma, Dai-Chao Zhou, Yan Liao, Jing Tang, Qian Xie, Lan Bai, Qing-Zhen Nan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression of claudin-3 in colorectal carcinoma and its association with the occurrence, progression and prognosis of colorectal cancer. METHODS: Forty surgical specimens of colorectal carcinoma and 22 adjacent normal tissues resected between October, 2010 and January, 2013 at Nanfang Hospital were examined for claudin-3 expression using immunohistochemistry, which was analyzed in association with the clinicopathological parameters and the survival of the patients...
January 20, 2017: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109060/morphine-pharmacodynamics-in-mechanically-ventilated-preterm-neonates-undergoing-endotracheal-suctioning
#8
P A Välitalo, Ehj Krekels, M van Dijk, Shp Simons, D Tibboel, Caj Knibbe
To date, morphine pharmacokinetics (PKs) are well quantified in neonates, but results about its efficacy are ambiguous. This work presents an analysis of a previously published study on pain measurements in mechanically ventilated preterm neonates who received either morphine or placebo to improve comfort during invasive ventilation. The research question was whether morphine reduces the pain associated with endotracheal or nasal suctioning before, during, and after suctioning. Because these neonates cannot verbalize their pain levels, pain was assessed on the basis of several validated pain measurement instruments (i...
January 21, 2017: CPT: Pharmacometrics & Systems Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109045/misoprostol-for-cervical-priming-prior-to-hysteroscopy-in-postmenopausal-and-premenopausal-nulliparous-women-a-multicentre-randomised-placebo-controlled-trial
#9
M L Tasma, M Louwerse, W J Hehenkamp, P M Geomini, M Y Bongers, S Veersema, P J van Kesteren, E Tromp, J A Huirne, G C Graziosi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the reduction of pain by Misoprostol compared to placebo prior to hysteroscopy in postmenopausal and premenopausal nulliparous women. DESIGN: Randomised multicentre double-blind placebo controlled trial. SETTING: Two Dutch teaching hospitals and one Dutch university medical centre. POPULATION: Postmenopausal and premenopausal nulliparous women undergoing office hysteroscopy. METHODS: Patients were randomised to receive either 400 mcg Misoprostol or placebo 12 and 24 hours before hysteroscopy...
January 21, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108876/concordance-between-self-report-and-performance-based-measures-of-everyday-functioning-in-hiv-associated-neurocognitive-disorders
#10
Talia N Shirazi, Angela C Summers, Bryan R Smith, Sally R Steinbach, Suad Kapetanovic, Avindra Nath, Joseph Snow
Self-report is typically used to differentiate between asymptomatic neurocognitive impairment (ANI) and mild neurocognitive disorder (MND) in the assessment of HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND). Yet, it is unclear whether the lack of self-reported functional impairments in individuals with ANI is indicative of a genuine absence of functional impairment, or of inaccurate self-reports. In the present study, we examined the relationship between previously validated self-report (patient's assessment of own functioning inventory; instrumental activities of daily living inventory) and performance-based (the Texas Functional Living Scale) measures of functional abilities in 112 virologically-controlled HIV-infected, and 40 well-matched, HIV-uninfected participants...
January 20, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108819/preemptive-treatment-with-xonrid%C3%A2-a-medical-device-to-reduce-radiation-induced-dermatitis-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-receiving-curative-treatment-a-pilot-study
#11
Nicola Alessandro Iacovelli, Simona Naimo, Francesca Bonfantini, Anna Cavallo, Paolo Bossi, Carlo Fallai, Emanuele Pignoli, Salvatore Alfieri, Cristiana Bergamini, Federica Favales, Ester Orlandi
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate efficacy, safety and tolerability of Xonrid®, a new medical device, in preventing radiation dermatitis associated with head and neck cancer (HNC) radiotherapy (RT). METHODS: In this monocentric, prospective pilot study, adult consecutive HNC patients who were planned to receive curative RT with or without chemotherapy were enrolled. Patients were instructed to apply Xonrid® on the irradiated area during treatment continuing until 2 weeks after the completion of RT or the development of severe skin toxicity...
January 20, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108793/effective-cerebrovascular-thrombectomy-requires-well-organized-structures-real-world-experiences-of-a%C3%A2-regional-stroke-network-between-2012-2015
#12
Maria Sophie Stockinger, Johannes Trenkler, Tim von Oertzen, Karin Nussbaumer, Michael Sonnberger, Wolfgang Schimetta, Anthony C Pereira, Gerhard Traxler, Claudia Dorninger, Hans-Peter Haring
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to analyse the Neurothrombectomy Network registry of the Neuromed Campus (NMC) of the Kepler University Hospital in Linz (Austria). The data were compared to the results of recently published thrombectomy trials (MR CLEAN, ESCAPE, EXTEND-IA, SWIFT-PRIME, REVASCAT and THRACE). METHODS: We retrospectively studied 246 patients with acute ischemic stroke who underwent thrombectomy between January 2012 and December 2015 at the NMC in Upper Austria...
January 20, 2017: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108481/clinically-insignificant-trunnionosis-in-large-diameter-metal-on-polyethylene-total-hip-arthroplasty
#13
H S Hothi, D Kendoff, C Lausmann, J Henckel, T Gehrke, J Skinner, A Hart
OBJECTIVES: Mechanical wear and corrosion at the head-stem junction of total hip arthroplasties (THAs) (trunnionosis) have been implicated in their early revision, most commonly in metal-on-metal (MOM) hips. We can isolate the role of the head-stem junction as the predominant source of metal release by investigating non-MOM hips; this can help to identify clinically significant volumes of material loss and corrosion from these surfaces. METHODS: In this study we examined a series of 94 retrieved metal-on-polyethylene (MOP) hips for evidence of corrosion and material loss at the taper junction using a well published visual grading method and an established roundness-measuring machine protocol...
January 2017: Bone & Joint Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108424/clinical-and-radiological-findings-after-multilevel-cervical-total-disc-replacement-defining-radiological-changes-to-predict-surgical-outcomes
#14
Jung Hwan Lee, Sang-Ho Lee, Jun Ho Lee
OBJECTIVE: This study compared the radiological parameters between preoperation and postoperation for patients who underwent multilevel cervical total disc replacement (MCTDR) and assessed which parameters were related to successful clinical outcomes after MCTDR. METHODS: The study included a consecutive series of 24 patients who were treated with MCTDR following the diagnosis of multilevel cervical disc herniation or stenosis. Numeric Rating Scale (NRS), C2-7 sagittal vertical axis (SVA), range of motion (ROM) of C2-7 segment and TDR implanted levels were evaluated at pre- and post-TDR...
January 17, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108209/the-impact-of-cognitive-impairment-on-efficacy-of-pulmonary-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-copd
#15
Fiona A H M Cleutjens, Martijn A Spruit, Rudolf W H M Ponds, Lowie E G W Vanfleteren, Frits M E Franssen, Jeanette B Dijkstra, Candy Gijsen, Emiel F M Wouters, Daisy J A Janssen
OBJECTIVES: To compare changes in pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) dropout and outcomes between chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients with and without cognitive impairment. DESIGN: A cross-sectional observational study. SETTING: Patients with COPD were recruited from a PR centre in the Netherlands. PARTICIPANTS: The study population consisted of 157 patients with clinically stable COPD who were referred for and completed PR...
January 17, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108204/the-dietary-approaches-to-stop-hypertension-diet-cognitive-function-and-cognitive-decline-in-american-older-women
#16
Agnes A M Berendsen, Jae H Kang, Ondine van de Rest, Edith J M Feskens, Lisette C P G M de Groot, Francine Grodstein
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between long-term adherence to the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet with cognitive function and decline in older American women. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: The Nurses' Health Study, a cohort of registered nurses residing in 11 US states. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 16,144 women from the Nurses' Health Study, aged ≥70 years, who underwent cognitive testing a total of 4 times by telephone from 1995 to 2001 (baseline), with multiple dietary assessments between 1984 and the first cognitive examination...
January 17, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107900/quality-of-sleep-in-renal-transplant-recipients-and-patients-on-hemodialysis
#17
Paraskevi G Liaveri, Dimitris Dikeos, Ioannis Ilias, Eirini P Lygkoni, Ioannis N Boletis, Chryssanthi Skalioti, Thomas Paparrigopoulos
BACKGROUND: Sleep disorders are very common in patients with chronic kidney disease and they may not always subside after kidney transplantation. AIM AND METHODS: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the self-reported quality of sleep, insomnia problems in particular, and examine the factors that disturb sleep of kidney transplant recipients (KTx: n=152) in comparison to age- and sex-matched patients on dialysis (HD: n=67) and participants with normal renal function (NOR: n=49), through the administration of the Athens Insomnia Scale (AIS) at least six months after transplantation...
February 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107890/affective-impairment-in-chronic-low-blood-pressure
#18
Stefan Duschek, Alexandra Hoffmann, Gustavo A Reyes Del Paso
OBJECTIVE: Physical complaints such as faintness, dizziness, cold limbs and headaches have been well-established in chronic low blood pressure (hypotension). This study investigated the occurrence of adverse emotional states and the symptoms of depression in this condition. As autonomic dysregulation, particularly diminished sympathetic tone, is believed to be involved in the etiology of hypotension, the impact of different facets of autonomic cardiovascular control on mood and depressive symptoms was also explored...
February 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107887/associations-between-positive-emotional-well-being-and-stress-induced-myocardial-ischemia-well-being-scores-predict-exercise-induced-ischemia
#19
Jacob P Feigal, Stephen H Boyle, Zainab Samad, Eric J Velazquez, Jennifer L Wilson, Richard C Becker, Redford B Williams, Cynthia M Kuhn, Thomas L Ortel, Joseph G Rogers, Christopher M O'Connor, Wei Jiang
OBJECTIVE: Depressive symptoms have been associated with myocardial ischemia induced by mental (MSIMI) and exercise (ESIMI) stress in clinically stable ischemic heart disease (IHD) patients, but the association between positive emotions and inducible ischemia is less well characterized. The objective of this study was to examine the associations between ratings of well-being and stress-induced ischemia. METHODS: Subjects were adult patients with documented IHD underwent mental and exercise stress testing for the Responses of Myocardial Ischemia to Escitalopram Treatment (REMIT) trial...
February 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107643/does-psychological-well-being-change-following-treatment-an-exploratory-study-on-outpatients-with-eating-disorders
#20
Elena Tomba, Lucia Tecuta, Romana Schumann, Donatella Ballardini
Psychological well-being changes following cognitive-behavioral therapy-based treatment were investigated in outpatients with eating disorders (ED). While it is known that CBT reduces symptomatology in EDs, less is known about how changes in positive functioning may ensue. One-hundred and eighty five ED outpatients were analyzed for pre-treatment and post-treatment changes in psychological well-being (PWB) by last observation carried forward - Wilcoxon signed rank tests. Significant gains in all PWB dimensions were found, with moderate effect size correlations in environmental mastery (r=-...
January 7, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
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