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Infecciones orales

Ivan Balán, Timothy Frasca, Mobolaji Ibitoye, Curtis Dolezal, Alex Carballo-Diéguez
: Self-testing has untapped potential as a strategy to improve access to HIV testing and to increase testing frequency. User acceptability of self-administered oral swab HIV tests is consistently high in both hypothetical and actual-use studies. We explored preferences for oral versus fingerprick HIV self-tests among men who have sex with men with a high risk profile. Participants indicated greater likelihood of using an oral swab over a blood-based test, notwithstanding lower price or quicker results from the latter...
July 20, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
F Baquero-Artigao
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is the leading cause of congenital infection in developed countries, affecting 0.3 to 0.6% of all live births in Europe. Primary CMV infection occurs in 1 to 4% of seronegative women during pregnancy and may be transmitted to the fetus in 40% of cases. Up to 10% of intrauterine CMV infections result in symptomatic congenital disease at birth. Half of these children and 13% of those born with asymptomatic infection will develop long-term sequelae, especially neurosensory hearing loss and mental retardation...
December 2009: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
Valentina Guzmán, Jaime Carmona-Fonseca
OBJECTIVES: To assess the relationship between the genetic and phenotypic factors linked to the cytochrome P-450 enzyme system and the response to the antimalarial drugs chloroquine, amodiaquine, mefloquine, and proguanil, as well as to determine how certain biological and social factors of the host influence the behavior of this enzymatic complex. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of the medical bibliographic databases PubMed, Excerpta Medica, LILACS, and SciELO by using the following Spanish and English descriptors: "CYP-450" and "citocromo P-450" in combination with "proguanil" (and with "mefloquina," "cloroquina," and "amodiaquina"), "farmacocinética de proguanil" (and the same using "mefloquina," "cloroquina," and "amodiaquina"), "resistencia a proguanil" (and the same using "mefloquina," "cloroquina," and "amodiaquina"), "metabolismo," "farmacogenética," "enfermedad," "inflamación," "infección," "enfermedad hepática," "malaria," "nutrición," and "desnutrición...
January 2006: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
Belén Aracil, José Luis Gómez-Garcés, Juan Ignacio Alós et al.
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to assess the sensitivity of 400 strains of Haemophilus influenzae isolated in 21 Spanish laboratories in 1999 to 17 oral antibiotics.Methods. An agar dilution method in HT medium was used for sensitivity testing; interpretation of the results followed NCCLS criteria. RESULTS: Percentages of isolates susceptible to the antibiotics tested were as follows: ampicillin 59.5%, amoxicillin/clavulanate 99.2%, loracarbef 66...
March 2003: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
L S de Lima, M Bogossian
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this technique was to achieve high concentration of the antibiotic that excedeed the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) of the microbial load present in the sputum. METHOD: To evaluate the bronchiectasis patients with pictures of infectious exacerbations response to the treatment with antibiotic by oral way (roxitromicin 300 mg/day for 21 days) and in cases of failure of this schema the use of antibiotic by inhalatory way (gentamicin 80 mg/2 times day for 21 days), 28 patients were evaluated a special ambulatory, some signs and respiratory symptoms according to the "Cotes modified scale" (sputum, cough, bronchospasm and dyspnea)...
July 1999: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
W S Avila, M Grinberg, N R Melo, J Aristodemo Pinotti, F Pileggi
PURPOSE: To analyse efficacy, tolerance and adverse events of reversible contraceptives in women with cardiac disease. METHODS: We studied prospectively during 24-39 (mean = 29) months, 89 women with heart disease with a mean age of 25.6 (16-42) years. Rheumatic heart disease was present in 73 (82%) cases, congenital heart disease in 11 (11%), coronary artery disease in 2 (2%) and cardiomyopathy in 3 (3%) case. The patients were divided in three groups: GCO--35 patients taking combined oral contraceptives (30 micrograms ethinyl estradiol and 75 micrograms gestodene--COs); GIT--27 using injectable progestagens (depot medroxyprogesterone acetate-DMPA) and GUID--27 with intrauterine device (IUD)...
April 1996: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
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