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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679306/regenerative-medicine-strategies-in-biomedical-implants
#1
REVIEW
Divya Rani Bijukumar, Clay McGeehan, Mathew T Mathew
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Recently, significant progress has been made in the research related to regenerative medicine. At the same time, biomedical implants in orthopedics and dentistry are facing many challenges and posing clinical concerns. The purpose of this chapter is to provide an overview of the clinical applications of current regenerative strategies to the fields of dentistry and orthopedic surgery. The main research question in this review is: What are the major advancement strategies in regenerative medicine that can be used for implant research? RECENT FINDINGS: The implant surfaces can be modified through patient-specific stem cells and plasma coatings, which may provide methods to improve osseointegration and sustainability of the implant...
April 20, 2018: Current Osteoporosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667358/human-disease-clinical-medical-sciences-in-dentistry-current-state-and-future-directions-of-undergraduate-teaching-in-the-uk-and-ireland
#2
P A Atkin, S Thomas, R J Cook, M Greenwood, J H Bennett, A Willis, C Donachie, R Ni Riordain, S Galvin, A Crighton, A J Mighell, I Bakri
In March 2017, a group of teachers of human disease/clinical medical science (HD/CMSD) representing the majority of schools from around the UK and Republic of Ireland met to discuss the current state of teaching of human disease and also to discuss how the delivery of this theme might evolve to inform improved healthcare. This study outlines how the original teaching in medicine and surgery to dental undergraduate students has developed into the theme of HD/CMSD reflecting changing needs as well as guidance from the regulators, and how different dental schools have developed their approaches to reach their current state...
April 18, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657529/impact-of-electro-neuro-feedback-on-postoperative-outcome-of-impacted-lower-third-molar-surgery
#3
Giacomo Oteri, Michele Pisano, Antonia Marcianò, Gabriele Cervino, Matteo Peditto
Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of a treatment with electro-neuro-feedback (ENF), a portable transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) device, on the clinical outcome and inflammatory biochemical parameters related to the impacted lower third molar surgery. Materials and Methods: A randomized, split-mouth, and single-blind study was conducted on 32 patients requiring lower third molars extractions and referred to the Oral Surgery Unit of the School of Dentistry of the University of Messina...
January 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655414/augmented-reality-ar-and-virtual-reality-vr-applied-in-dentistry
#4
REVIEW
Ta-Ko Huang, Chi-Hsun Yang, Yu-Hsin Hsieh, Jen-Chyan Wang, Chun-Cheng Hung
The OSCE is a reliable evaluation method to estimate the preclinical examination of dental students. The most ideal assessment for OSCE is used the augmented reality simulator to evaluate. This literature review investigated a recently developed in virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality (AR) starting of the dental history to the progress of the dental skill. As result of the lacking of technology, it needs to depend on other device increasing the success rate and decreasing the risk of the surgery. The development of tracking unit changed the surgical and educational way...
April 2018: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655407/periodontal-prosthesis-in-contemporary-dentistry
#5
REVIEW
Chiun-Lin Steven Liu
In the last 5 decades, the developments of osseointegrated titanium implants (since 1965) have led to the success of contemporary dentistry. Endosseous implant-supported restorations delivered in accordance with the traditional Branemark protocol have proven to be highly predictable. Today, implants are becoming increasingly common in dental care and provide more therapeutic options, but treatment planning and the sequencing of therapy are critical in implant-assisted and implant-supported cases. Implant prostheses give patients and dentists more options in treatment planning, but also present challenging decisions regarding implant surgery...
April 2018: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629333/evaluation-of-the-knowledge-and-attitudes-of-dental-students-toward-occupational-blood-exposure-accidents-at-the-end-of-the-dental-training-program
#6
Abdelhadi Hbibi, Jalal Kasouati, Reda Charof, Souad Chaouir, Karima El Harti
Aims and Objectives: This study was conducted to assess knowledge, attitudes, and behavior regarding occupational blood exposure accidents (OBEA) among dental students at the end of the whole dental education program. Materials and Methods: The survey was performed using a student self-administered questionnaire during July 2015 in the dental teaching hospital in Rabat. It was conducted on 117 dental students registered in the 5th year. The results were analyzed by SPSS Software, Version 13...
January 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628777/a-study-on-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-combining-dental-surgery-with-tonsillectomy-in-pediatrics
#7
Faizaan Syed, Joshua C Uffman, Dmitry Tumin, Catherine M Flaitz, Joseph D Tobias, Vidya T Raman
Purpose: Few data exist on combining pediatric surgical procedures under a single general anesthetic encounter (general anesthesia). We compared perioperative outcomes of combining dental surgical procedures with tonsillectomy during one anesthetic vs separate encounters. Methods: We classified elective tonsillectomy ± adenoidectomy and restorative dentistry as combined (group C) or separate (group S). Outcomes included anesthesia time, recovery duration, the need for overnight hospital stay, and postoperative complications...
2018: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628171/-run-through-training-at-specialist-training-year-1-and-uncoupled-core-surgical-training-for-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-in-the-united-kingdom-a-snapshot-survey
#8
M Garg, J Collyer, D Dhariwal
Training in oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMFS) in the UK has undergone considerable changes during the last 10years, and "core" surgical training has replaced "basic" surgical training. In 2014 a pilot "run-through" training programme from specialist training year one (ST1)-ST7 was introduced to facilitate early entry into the speciality. Run-through training guarantees that a trainee, after a single competitive selection process and satisfactory progress, will be given training that covers the entire curriculum of the speciality, whereas uncoupled training requires a second stage of competitive recruitment after the first one (for OMFS only) or two years of "core" training to progress to higher specialty training...
April 5, 2018: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622312/oral-surgery-patient-safety-concepts-in-anesthesia
#9
REVIEW
Richard C Robert, Chirag M Patel
An effective office emergency preparedness plan for the oral and maxillofacial surgery office can be developed through the use of well-designed checklists, cognitive aids, and regularly scheduled in situ simulations with debriefings. In order to achieve this goal, the hierarchal culture of medicine and dentistry must be overcome, and an inclusive team concept embraced by all members of the staff. Technologic advancements in office automation now make it possible to create interactive cognitive aids. These enhance office emergency training and provide a means for more rapid retrieval of essential information and guidance during both simulations and a real crisis...
May 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618883/what-surgical-education-the-speciality-offers-perception-of-role-of-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-by-1200-healthcare-professionals-students-and-the-general-public-in-hyderabad-india
#10
Ashwant Kumar Vadepally, Ramen Sinha
Aim: To investigate the perception of Oral and maxillofacial surgery by healthcare professionals, students and general public. Materials and Methods: A questionnaire form was created that listed ten clinical situations, and given by hand to 1200 individuals, divided into six groups: group 1, medical professionals; group 2, Specialties of dentistry; group 3, general dentists; group 4, medical students; group 5, dental students; and group 6, general public, each comprising 200 individuals...
June 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610626/knowledge-and-awareness-of-medical-practitioners-of-jazan-city-towards-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-as-a-specialty
#11
Fareedi Mukram Ali, Ghassan M Al-Iryani, Sultan Mohammed Namis, Asma Ali Hezam, Salma Abdu Swaid, Anas Esam Alomar
BACKGROUND: In many health services communities the scope of oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMFS) as a discipline is frequently not probably understood. Good awareness towards OMFS among different branches of health services providers is essential for better referral strategies and will be for the benefit of the patient. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The cross-sectional study was done using a specially prepared questionnaire distributed randomly to 125 general medical practitioners working in Jazan province...
March 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574814/extractions-to-reconstruction-the-development-of-oral-maxillofacial-surgery-in-australian-and-new-zealand
#12
A N Goss, R Linn
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery developed initially from Dentistry as exodontia. It then expanded into the surgical management of jaw disorders. As the specialty evolved, it came into increasing conflict with related surgical disciplines. In the 1960s and 1970s these external criticisms were well-founded as training in oral surgery was individual, solely University-based and highly variable. In the 1980s the speciality developed a plan which involved hospital-based surgical training, a mandatory high level college surgical examination and detailed workforce and training studies...
March 2018: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569453/the-safety-of-paediatric-dentistry-procedures-under-general-anaesthesia-a-five-year-experience-of-a-tertiary-care-center
#13
A K Bartella, C Lechner, M Kamal, J Steegmann, F Hölzle, B Lethaus
AIM: Frequently general anaesthesia (GA) is used to treat noncompliant children. Especially in children with morbid diseases general anaesthesia can be a challenging procedure for anaesthetists. The aim of this paper was to evaluate the risks and adverse reactions with a special focus on the impact of existing medication conditions and syndromes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: and methods Records of children up to 10 years of age, who were admitted for paediatric dentistry procedures under GA from January 2011 to December 2016 at the University Hospital of the University of Aachen (Germany), were reviewed...
March 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568017/the-use-of-chlorhexidine-in-the-prevention-of-alveolar-osteitis-after-third-molar-extractions
#14
Christopher Wright, Vinay Mistry, Joshua Smyth, Wei Ning Saik, Nicola Innes, Thomas Lamont
Data sourcesCochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Medline through PubMed, Scopus, Science Direct, ISI Web of Science, Evidence-Based Dentistry, ClinicalTrials.gov, the European Union Clinical Trials Register, the Spanish General University Board database of doctoral theses in Spain (TESEO), the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC) bibliographic databases, and the Spanish Medical Index (IME).Study selectionRandomised controlled trials (RCTs) (with or without placebo) of patients of any age or gender who underwent maxillary or mandibular third molar extractions...
March 23, 2018: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563435/meth-mouth-a-growing-epidemic-in-dentistry
#15
Andreas Pabst, Juan Carlos Castillo-Duque, Axel Mayer, Marcus Klinghuber, Richard Werkmeister
In the past two decades, the synthetic style and fashion drug "crystal meth" ("crystal", "meth"), chemically representing the crystalline form of the methamphetamine hydrochloride, has become more and more popular in the United States, in Eastern Europe, and just recently in Central and Western Europe. "Meth" is cheap, easy to synthesize and to market, and has an extremely high potential for abuse and dependence. As a strong sympathomimetic, "meth" has the potency to switch off hunger, fatigue and, pain while simultaneously increasing physical and mental performance...
October 30, 2017: Dentistry journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549021/prevalence-nature-and-management-of-oral-stage-dysphagia-in-adults-with-temporomandibular-joint-disorders-findings-from-an-irish-cohort
#16
Órla Gilheaney, Leo Fa Stassen, Margaret Walshe
PURPOSE: Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) are caused by changes in the structure and/or function of the temporomandibular joint, masticatory muscles, and/or osseous components. TMDs can result in oral stage dysphagia (OD) with potential effects on function and patient well-being. Little is known about the prevalence, nature, and management of TMD-related OD. The aims of the present study were to estimate the prevalence and nature of OD in adult TMD patients and to identify the common management techniques used to manage the signs and symptoms of TMD-related OD...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509521/practice-patterns-of-dentist-anesthesiologists-in-north-america
#17
Andrew S Young, Michael W Fischer, Nicholas S Lang, Matthew R Cooke
This study provides trends in the discipline of dental anesthesiology. A questionnaire-based survey was sent to 338 members of the American Society of Dentist Anesthesiologists to evaluate practice patterns. One focus of the study was modality of sedation/anesthesia used for dentistry in North America. Age, gender, years in practice, and geographic region of practice were also obtained. Data gathered from the returned questionnaires were entered into an Excel spreadsheet and then imported into JMP Statistical Discovery Software (v12...
2018: Anesthesia Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496804/analyzing-dental-students-clinic-production-using-time-based-relative-value-units-ten-year-cross-cohort-mapping
#18
R Todd Watkins, Linc J Conn, Robert G Gellin, Theresa S Gonzales, Lindsey M Hamil, Monica J Cayouette, Michael G Schmidt
The analysis of dental students' clinical production/participation has been used to assess whether a prospective graduate is capable of unsupervised and independent practice (that is, competent to perform that practice). This method and others have inherent biases that may not accurately reflect whether the student has mastered the associated concepts and techniques required for dentistry. The aim of this study was to assess an informatics system that assigned curriculum meta-tags with time-based relative educational value units (ReVUs) to each clinical procedure performed by Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC) students...
March 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29492168/histomorphometric-analysis-of-bone-density-in-relation-to-tactile-sense-of-the-surgeon-during-dental-implant-placement
#19
Amir Reza Rokn, Akram Labibzadeh, Amir Alireza Rasouli Ghohroudi, Ahmad Reza Shamshiri, Somaye Solhjoo
Introduction: A correct diagnosis and optimal treatment planning is essential for success in implant dentistry. Proper diagnosis of bone quality is an important part of the diagnostic procedure. Objective: The purpose of this study was to correlate the tactile sense of the surgeon in the assessment of bone density to the histomorphometric analysis of bone quality. Methods: In this study, 56 bone samples from 33 patients were harvested from implant sites with trephine drills...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486680/histopathologic-diagnoses-from-biopsies-of-the-oral-cavity-in-403-dogs-and-73-cats
#20
Kipp Wingo
This retrospective study documents the prevalence of various histopathological diagnoses within a practice specializing in veterinary dentistry and oral surgery. Histopathology results obtained from biopsies of oral lesions from 403 dogs and 73 cats were sorted and categorized. Lesions of inflammatory origin represented the most common histopathology result in cats (n = 37; 51%), followed by squamous cell carcinoma (n = 27; 37%). The most common histopathological diagnoses in dogs were malignant neoplasms (n = 151; 37%), followed by tumors of odontogenic origin (n = 138, 34%) and lesions of inflammatory origin (n = 114; 28%)...
March 2018: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
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