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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317829/-modern-approaches-to-dental-implants-placement-in-deficient-alveolar-bone
#1
A A Kulakov, R Sh Gvetadze, T V Brailovskaya, A A Khar'kova, L S Dzikovitskaya
The paper presents statistical data on implant placement procedures in Central Research Institute of Dentistry and Maxillofacial Surgery (Moscow, Russia) in 2010-2015. In 64% of cases inadequate bone volume was attributed to alveolar bone atrophy. Bone deficiency was equally often in upper and lower jaws (in 49.3 and 50.7%, correspondently) but varied in forms with complex configurations to be more specific for maxilla. The study also includes a series of clinical cases illustrating implant placement procedures in anatomically unfavorable settings...
2017: Stomatologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316942/piezosurgery-a-boon-for-modern-periodontics
#2
REVIEW
Mathai Thomas, Uttam Akula, Kranti K R Ealla, Nirosha Gajjada
Dentistry has undergone significant advancement and has seen several changing concepts over a decade. One such novel innovation is piezosurgery. Piezoelectric bone surgery or otherwise known as piezosurgery is a novel technique invented by Professor Vercellotti in 1988 to overcome the limitations of traditional instrumentation in oral bone surgery by modifying and improving conventional ultrasound technology. It is a promising, meticulous, and soft tissue sparing system for bone cutting based on low frequency ultrasonic microvibrations...
January 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314941/neuropeptide-expression-and-morphometric-differences-in-crushed-alveolar-inferior-nerve-of-rats-effects-of-photobiomodulation
#3
Daniel Oliveira Martins, Fabio Martinez Dos Santos, Adriano Polican Ciena, Ii-Sei Watanabe, Luiz Roberto G de Britto, José Benedito Dias Lemos, Marucia Chacur
Inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) injuries may occur during various dental routine procedures, especially in the removal of impacted lower third molars, and nerve recovery in these cases is a great challenge in dentistry. Here, the IAN crush injury model was used to assess the efficacy of photobiomodulation (PBM) in the recovery of the IAN in rats following crushing injury (a partial lesion). Rats were divided into four experimental groups: without any procedure, IAN crush injury, and IAN crush injury with PBM and sham group with PBM...
March 17, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299251/minimally-invasive-endoscopic-computer-assisted-surgery-technique-and-review
#4
REVIEW
Anand Kumar, Nirma Yadav, Shipra Singh, Neha Chauhan
Endoscopic or minimally invasive surgery popular as keyhole surgery is a medical procedure in which endoscope (a camera) is used, and it has gained broad acceptance with popularity in several surgical specialties and has heightened the standard of care. Oral and maxillofacial surgery is a modern discipline in the field of dentistry in which endoscopy has developed as well as widely used in surgeries and is rapidly gaining importance. The use of different visual as well as standard instruments such as laparoscopic and endoscopic instruments, and high-powered magnification devices, has allowed physicians to decrease the morbidity of many surgical procedures by eliminating the need for a large surgical incision...
July 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293442/cone-beam-ct-in-diagnosis-and-surgical-planning-of-dentigerous-cyst
#5
Naira Figueiredo Deana, Nilton Alves
Diagnosis and preoperative planning are critical in the execution of any surgical procedure. Panoramic radiography is a routine method used in dentistry to assist clinical diagnosis; however, with this technique 3D anatomical structures are compressed into 2D images, resulting in overlapping of structures which are of interest in the diagnosis. In this study we report the case of a patient who presented with a dentigerous cyst of expressive dimensions in the body of the mandible region. The surgery was planned and executed after observing the margins of the lesion by Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT)...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291855/guided-immediate-implant-placement-with-wound-closure-by-computer-aided-design-computer-assisted-manufacture-sealing-socket-abutment-case-report
#6
Gary Finelle, Sang J Lee
Digital technology has been widely used in the field of implant dentistry. From a surgical standpoint, computer-guided surgery can be utilized to enhance primary implant stability and to improve the precision of implant placement. From a prosthetic standpoint, computer-aided design/computer-assisted manufacture (CAD/CAM) technology has brought about various restorative options, including the fabrication of customized abutments through a virtual design based on computer-guided surgical planning. This case report describes a novel technique combining the use of a three-dimensional (3D) printed surgical template for the immediate placement of an implant, with CAD/CAM technology to optimize hard and soft tissue healing after bone grafting with the use of a socket sealing abutment...
March 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286379/the-future-of-maxillofacial-surgery-as-a-specialty-of-dentistry
#7
George Paul
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253180/nerve-damage-in-dentistry
#8
M Anthony Pogrel
Many forms of dental treatment have the potential to cause injury to the oral branches of the trigeminal nerve, including local anesthetic injections, root canal therapy, implant insertion, bone grafting, and dentoalveolar surgery. Based on the records of a referral center with more than 30 years' experience in managing 3200 of these injuries, this article reviews etiology and prevention; suggests criteria for referral of patients; and discusses treatment for the various types of injury and the results of such treatment...
March 2017: General Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250033/cross-sectional-analysis-of-national-dental-residency-match-data
#9
Sivaraman Prakasam, Patrick Brady, Veeratrishul Allareddy, Sankeerth Rampa, Kyungsup Shin, Romesh Nalliah, Veerasathpurush Allareddy
The Dental Residency Match (DRM) program provides an ethical and unbiased selection process for applicants to postdoctoral dental programs, based on mutual interests of applicants and programs. The aims of this study were to conduct a descriptive analysis of DRM metrics for the years 2008 to 2015 and to test the hypothesis that there was a difference in number of ranks submitted between programs that filled all their offered positions and those that did not. DRM metrics data from years 2008 to 2015 were obtained from the National Matching Service...
March 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243337/changes-in-physicochemical-and-biological-properties-of-porcine-bone-derived-hydroxyapatite-induced-by-the-incorporation-of-fluoride
#10
Wei Qiao, Quan Liu, Zhipeng Li, Hanqing Zhang, Zhuofan Chen
As the main inorganic component of xenogenic bone graft material, bone-derived biological apatite (BAp) has been widely used in implant dentistry, oral and maxillofacial surgery and orthopedics. However, BAp produced via calcination of animal bones still suffers from some drawbacks, such as insufficient mechanical strength and inadequate degradation rate, which impede its application. Fluoride is known to play important roles in both physiological and pathological processes of human hard tissues for its double effects on bones and teeth...
2017: Science and Technology of Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217544/assessment-of-knowledge-attitude-and-practices-on-fixed-dose-combinations-among-postgraduate-dental-students
#11
Narayana R Vinnakota, V Krishna, V Viswanath, Zaheer Ahmed, Kamal S Shaik, Naveen K Boppana
AIM: To assess the knowledge, attitude, and practices of fixed dose combination drugs among postgraduate dental students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out among postgraduate dental students of dental colleges in coastal Andhra Pradesh. Three colleges were randomly selected and students of all the three years were included. Data was collected from the specialities of oral medicine and radiology, oral surgery, endodontics, pedodontics, periodontics, and public health dentistry...
December 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211099/sedation-with-orally-administered-midazolam-in-elderly-dental-patients-with-major-neurocognitive-disorder
#12
Lena Rignell, Mona Mikati, Madeleine Wertsén, Catharina Hägglin
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate acceptance of treatment after oral sedation with midazolam in dental patients with major neurocognitive disorder. BACKGROUND: Midazolam is commonly used as premedication in paediatric dentistry, oral surgery and people suffering from dental fear. Little is known about its use in other patient groups. METHODS: Dental and sedation records of 61 patients (64% women) sedated with midazolam were examined retrospectively...
February 17, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210625/new-biomaterials-and-regenerative-medicine-strategies-in-periodontology-oral-surgery-esthetic-and-implant-dentistry-2016
#13
EDITORIAL
David M Dohan Ehrenfest, Adriano Piattelli, Gilberto Sammartino, Hom-Lay Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210454/managing-patients-taking-edoxaban-in-dentistry
#14
REVIEW
Adrian Curto, Daniel Curto, Jorge Sanchez
BACKGROUND: Anticoagulation therapy is used in several conditions to prevent or treat thromboembolism. A new group of oral anticoagulants with clear advantages over classic dicoumarin oral anticoagulants (warfarin and acenocoumarol) has been developed in recent years. The Food and Drug Administration has approved edoxaban, dabigatran, rivaroxaban and apixaban. Their advantages include: predictable pharmacokinetics, drug interactions and limited food, rapid onset of action and short half-life...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209003/comparative-evaluation-of-immediate-post-operative-sequelae-after-surgical-removal-of-impacted-mandibular-third-molar-with-or-without-tube-drain-split-mouth-study
#15
Barun Kumar, Kalyani Bhate, R S Dolas, Sn Santhosh Kumar, Pushkar Waknis
INTRODUCTION: Third molar surgery is one of the most common surgical procedures performed in general dentistry. Post-operative variables such as pain, swelling and trismus are major concerns after impacted mandibular third molar surgery. Use of passive tube drain is supposed to help reduce these immediate post-operative sequelae. The current study was designed to compare the effect of tube drain on immediate post-operative sequelae following impacted mandibular third molar surgery. AIM: To compare the post-operative sequelae after surgical removal of impacted mandibular third molar surgery with or without tube drain...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206730/sinus-presurgical-evaluation-a-literature-review-and-a-new-classification-proposal
#16
Lorenzo Tavelli, Andrea E Borgonovo, Dino Re, Carlo Maiorana
Presurgical evaluation with cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) or computed tomography (CT) has become an essential tool for diagnosis and surgical planning, including maxillary sinus floor elevation. Before performing a sinus lift, the clinician's attention should not be only directed to the patency of the ostium through CBCT or CT, because many anatomical features could influence the surgical approach of sinus floor elevation. The goal of this article was to facilitate the communication between clinicians regarding the type of maxillary sinus, encourage in-depth analysis prior to surgery and reduce the risk of complications due to possible underestimation of important parameters...
February 15, 2017: Minerva Stomatologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174370/cephalometric-soft-tissue-standard-and-gender-dimorphism-in-nasal-prominence-estimated-by-holdaway-s-analysis-in-patients-visiting-college-of-dentistry-aljouf-university
#17
Ibadullah Kundi
INTRODUCTION: The objectives were to see the nasal prominence norm and the gender dimorphism in nasal prominence measured by Holdaway's soft tissue analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample size was 100 (50 males and 50 females). The subjects included in the study were of Saudi origin with class I skeletal and dental relationship and all teeth present. The age group of the patients was between 18 and 28 years. The radiographs were traced and analyzed by two students and cross-checked by an orthodontist...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148605/dental-hygiene-dental-and-medical-students-omfs-hospital-dentistry-related-knowledge-skills-attitudes-and-behavior-an-exploration
#18
Stephanie M Munz, Roderick Y Kim, Tyler J Holley, John N Donkersloot, Marita R Inglehart
Engaging other health care providers in oral health-related activities and interprofessional care (IPC) could increase access to oral health care for underserved populations in the U.S. The aims of this study were to assess dental hygiene, dental, and medical students' intra- and interprofessional and oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMFS)/hospital dentistry-related knowledge/skills, attitudes, and behavior; determine whether first and second year vs. third and fourth year cohorts' responses differed; and explore how intra- and interprofessional knowledge was related to interprofessional education (IPE) and interprofessional attitudes and behavior...
February 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118503/cad-cam-assisted-auricular-prosthesis-fabrication-for-a-quick-precise-and-more-retentive-outcome-a-clinical-report
#19
Sushma Yadav, Aparna Ichangod Narayan, Archit Choudhry, Dhanasekar Balakrishnan
Auricular defects comprise a large proportion of maxillofacial deformities. Most patients with acquired deformities have psychosocial ineptness and seek cosmetic rehabilitation. Although minor defects can be corrected surgically, extensive deformities are difficult to reconstruct with plastic surgery. Contrary to that, prosthetic restoration can provide excellent esthetic results. The conventional methods of maxillofacial prosthesis fabrication are time consuming and the outcome depends on the technician's skill...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110070/mesoscale-porosity-at-the-dentin-enamel-junction-could-affect-the-biomechanical-properties-of-teeth
#20
Elsa Vennat, Wenlong Wang, Rachel Genthial, Bertrand David, Elisabeth Dursun, Aurélien Gourrier
In this paper, the 3D-morphology of the porosity in dentin is investigated within the first 350μm from the dentin-enamel junction (DEJ) by fluorescence confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM). We found that the porous microstructure exhibits a much more complex geometry than classically described, which may impact our fundamental understanding of the mechanical behavior of teeth and could have practical consequences for dental surgery. Our 3D observations reveal numerous fine branches stemming from the tubules which may play a role in cellular communication or mechanosensing during the early stages of dentinogenesis...
January 19, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
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