Read by QxMD icon Read

Dentistry surgery

Jan Wolff, K Hakki Karagozoglu, Jochen H Bretschneider, Tymour Forouzanfar, Engelbert A J M Schulten
Dental implants have been in routine clinical use for over three decades and are a predictable treatment modality. However, as with all other aspects of dentistry, complications occur. A 50-year-old female patient with complaints of a long ongoing unpleasant altered nasal airflow presented herself at the VU University Medical Center Amsterdam. Visual inspection of the right nasal cavity revealed that the apical part of a dental implant placed in the upper right first incisor region had perforated the nasal floor and was partially protruding into the nasal cavity...
December 2016: Int J Implant Dent
Federico Gelpi, Daniele De Santis, Simone Marconcini, Francesco Briguglio, Marco Finotti
This clinical report illustrates a multidisciplinary approach for the rehabilitation of a young adult patient affected by a bilateral edentulous space and an anterior deep bite. The patient required orthodontics and surgical corticotomy and implantology (both performed with a piezo device). A multidisciplinary planning approach, including orthodontics, oral and periodontic surgery, and restorative dentistry, has an important role in the final outcome of treatment. In fact a dental class I occlusion has been established only on the right side...
December 2015: Int J Implant Dent
Christian Wehner, Klara Janjić, Hermann Agis
Plasmin is a proteolytic enzyme that is crucial in fibrinolysis. In oral tissues, the plasminogen system plays an essential role in physiological and pathological processes, which in addition to fibrinolysis include degradation of extracellular matrix, inflammation, immune response, angiogenesis, tissue remodeling, cell migration, and wound healing. Oral tissues reveal a change in the plasminogen system during pathological processes such as periodontitis, peri-implantitis, or pulpitis, as well as in response to mechanical load...
October 5, 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
Fernanda P Bragatto, Mariliani Chicarelli, Amanda Vb Kasuya, Wilton M Takeshita, Liogi Iwaki-Filho, Lilian Cv Iwaki
INTRODUCTION: The golden proportion has been used in dentistry in an attempt to improve facial function and, possibly, esthetics by simplifying the diagnosis of facial and dental disharmony. The aim of this study is to analyze pre- and postoperative cephalometric tracings of lateral cephalograms of patients with class II and III deformities submitted to orthognathic surgery, and verify if the 13 dental-skeletal patterns (ratios), as defined by Ricketts, moved closer to or further away from the golden proportion...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Carlo Fornaini, Elisabetta Merigo, Michele Sozzi, Jean-Paul Rocca, Federica Poli, Stefano Selleri, Annamaria Cucinotta
Objectives: The introduction of diode lasers in dentistry had several advantages, principally consisting on the reduced size, reduced cost and possibility to beam delivering by optical fibbers. Up today only the wavelengths around 810 and 980 nm were the most utilized in oral surgery but recently more different lasers had been proposed. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of four diode laser wavelengths (810, 980, 1470 and 1950 nm) for the ablation of soft tissues. Material and methods: Specimens were surgically collected from the dorsal surface of four bovine tongues and irradiated by four different diode wavelengths...
June 29, 2016: Laser Therapy
Mark T Dawidek, Victoria A Roach, Michael C Ott, Timothy D Wilson
OBJECTIVE: A major challenge in laparoscopic surgery is the lack of depth perception. With the development and continued improvement of 3D video technology, the potential benefit of restoring 3D vision to laparoscopy has received substantial attention from the surgical community. Despite this, procedures conducted under 2D vision remain the standard of care, and trainees must become proficient in 2D laparoscopy. This study aims to determine whether incorporating 3D vision into a 2D laparoscopic simulation curriculum accelerates skill acquisition in novices...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
Priyanka D Rebentish, Girish Umashetty, Harpreet Kaur, Trupthi Doizode, Mithun Kaslekar, Shouvik Chowdhury
Research into regenerative dentistry has contributed momentum to the field of molecular biology. Periapical surgery aims at removing periapical pathology to achieve complete wound healing and regeneration of bone and periodontal tissue. Regenerative endodontic procedures are widely being added to the current armamentarium of pulp therapy procedures. The regenerative potential of platelets has been deliberated. Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) is a wonderful tissue-engineering product and has recently gained much popularity due its promising results in wound healing bone induction...
December 2016: Minerva Stomatologica
Wilson E Sadoh, Paul Ikhurionan, Charles Imarengiaye
BACKGROUND: A pre-anaesthestic echocardiogram (echo) is requested for most non-cardiac surgeries to identify possible cardiac structural anomalies. OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence and spectrum of structural cardiac abnormalities seen in various non-cardiac conditions. METHODS: We carried out a retrospective review of pre-anaesthetic echos performed over five years on children scheduled for non-cardiac surgery. The requests were categorised according to referring specialities, and the biodata and echo findings were noted...
September 9, 2016: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
Elena Nazarova, Melanie Martin-Peele, Judith Fifield
The aims of this study were to assess features of an academic career that dental specialty residents, as a group and by gender, find most attractive and to identify what determines their expectations for responsibilities and professional growth in academic employment. In November 2013, an invitation to participate in the study along with a link to an online survey was sent to the 407 U.S. program directors of six of the dental specialties (endodontics, oral and maxillofacial surgery, pediatric dentistry, periodontics, prosthodontics, and orthodontics), asking them to forward the survey to their residents...
October 2016: Journal of Dental Education
Antonio Cortese, Giuseppe Pantaleo, Antonio Borri, Mario Caggiano, Massimo Amato
INTRODUCTION: Some studies have demonstrated that platelet rich fibrin (PRF) is a healing biomaterial with a great potential for bone and soft tissue regeneration, without any inflammatory reactions and may be used alone or in combination with bone grafts, promoting hemostasis, bone growth, and maturation. PRF appears as a natural and satisfactory aid in bone regenerative surgery in elderly patients with favorable results and low risks. AIM: This study wants to demonstrate how PRF in association with a new split crest augmentation technique can be a great aid in implant rehabilitation, especially in the elderly patients, when bone regeneration is required...
September 22, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Leandro Passos, Fernando Peixoto Soares, Mauricio Gallo
This case report describes a successful multidisciplinary approach used to improve the smile esthetics of a patient presenting with excessive gingival display, asymmetric gingival margins, and small upper anterior teeth and lower anterior teeth. The treatment combined esthetic crown lengthening, dental bleaching, and restorative dentistry using CAD/CAM veneer. The 6-month follow-up examination confirmed the stability of the modification and absence of adverse effects.
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
Dilek G Canpolat, Fatma Dogruel, Zeynep B Gönen, Canay Yılmaz, Gokmen Zararsız, Alper Alkan
OBJECTIVES: To determine the role of hemogram parameters such as platelet count (PLT), mean platelet volume (MPV), and the MPV/PLT ratio in predicting the risk of postoperative vomiting (POV) in children after tooth extraction under deep sedation. METHODS: A total of 100 American Society of Anesthesiology Classification I and II pediatric patients who underwent tooth extraction procedures under a standard anesthetic method were included in the study between 2012 and 2014...
October 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
Ashraf I Shaweesh
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed at providing the first standards on the timing of third molar eruption in Jordanians. METHODS: A total of 571 healthy Jordanian adolescents and young adults aged 15-27 years (275 males and 296 females distributed into one-year age groups) were clinically examined for third molar eruption. Presence of four clinical eruption stages from crown emergence to full eruption were counted and expressed each as a frequency relative to the total of participants within a given age group...
August 26, 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
Carolina Wolff, Thomas Mücke, Stefan Wagenpfeil, Anastasios Kanatas, Oliver Bissinger, Herbert Deppe
: Cone beam CT and/or panoramic images are often required for a successful diagnosis in oral and maxillofacial surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate if 3D diagnostic imaging information had a significant impact on the decision process in six different classes of surgical indications. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Records of all patients who had undergone both panoramic X-ray and CBCT imaging due to surgical indications between January 2008 and December 2012 were examined retrospectively...
August 3, 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Zehra Yilmaz, Cemal Ucer, Edwin Scher, Jon Suzuki, Tara Renton
BACKGROUND: Dental implant-related iatrogenic trigeminal nerve (TG) injuries are proportionally increasing with dental implant surgery. This study, which is presented in greater detail over a series of articles, assessed the experience of implant-related TG nerve injuries among UK dentists. Incidence and cause of inferior alveolar nerve (IAN), mental nerve (MN), and lingual nerve (LN) injuries, together with preoperative assessment and the consent process, are presented in this article...
October 2016: Implant Dentistry
J Nowak, C Erbe, I Hauck, D A Groneberg, I Hermanns, R Ellegast, D Ditchen, D Ohlendorf
OBJECTIVES: To conduct a kinematic comparison of occupational posture in orthodontists and dentists in their workplace. DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: Dentist surgeries and departments of orthodontics at university medical centres in Germany. PARTICIPANTS: A representative sample of 21 (10 female, 11 male) dentists (group G1) and 21 (13 female, 8 male) orthodontists (G2) with one male dropout in G2. OUTCOME MEASURES: The CUELA (computer-assisted acquisition and long-term analysis of musculoskeletal loads) system was used to analyse occupational posture...
2016: BMJ Open
A P Bakushev, K A Sivolapov
OBJECTIVE: to optimize surgical treatment in patients with orbital wall defects and deformities. MATERIAL AND METHODS: For diagnosis of orbital wall injuries, the patients underwent facial skeletal X-ray study in the semiaxial projection and midfacial spiral computed tomography. Defects were removed via the intrasinus approach in the victims, by applying a combined prosthesis designed at the Department of Oral Surgery and General Dentistry, Novokuznetsk State Institute for Postgraduate Training of Physicians...
March 2016: Vestnik Rentgenologii i Radiologii
Sara Samur Ergüven, Ertan Ali Delilbaşi, Berrin İşik, Ferhunde Öktem
BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of conscious sedation with 40% nitrous oxide/oxygen (N2O/O2) on cognitive functions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty dental patients referred to the sedation unit at Gazi University Faculty of Dentistry Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery received a combination of 40% N2O/O2 inhalation for conscious sedation. Psychometric tests were applied three times: before sedation, during sedation, and at the end of the recovery, for assessing cognitive functions...
2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
Aysel Uğur, Nurdan Saraç, Dilek Aynur Çankal, Murat Özle
BACKGROUND/AIM: This study investigated the antioxidant and antimutagenic properties of Ankaferd blood stopper (ABS), a plant-based topical hemostatic agent used in Turkey to treat external hemorrhages and bleeding during dental surgery. While previous studies have examined the antimicrobial, antiinflammatory, and anticarcinogenic properties of ABS, to our knowledge, this is the first study to report on the antioxidant and antimutagenic activities of this drug. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Antioxidant activity was evaluated using DPPH radical-scavenging and β-carotene-linoleic acid tests...
2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
David Veale, Lucinda J Gledhill, Polyxeni Christodoulou, John Hodsoll
Our aim was to systematically review the prevalence of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) in a variety of settings. Weighted prevalence estimate and 95% confidence intervals in each study were calculated. The weighted prevalence of BDD in adults in the community was estimated to be 1.9%; in adolescents 2.2%; in student populations 3.3%; in adult psychiatric inpatients 7.4%; in adolescent psychiatric inpatients 7.4%; in adult psychiatric outpatients 5.8%; in general cosmetic surgery 13.2%; in rhinoplasty surgery 20...
September 2016: Body Image
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"