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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804675/transition-in-dental-treatment-utilization-in-jammu-and-kashmir-india-a-10-year-retrospective-study
#1
Aasim Farooq Shah, Manu Batra, A Ishrat
BACKGROUND: Utilization of health services is the actual attendance by the members of the public at health care facilities to receive care. Utilization, serves as an important tool for oral health policy decision-making. The aim of the present study was to retrospectively gauge and assess the utilization pattern of the dental treatments which was given in hospital for last 10 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective infirmary based study was carried out at Sheri Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences (SKIMS), Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India...
December 2016: Nepal journal of epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803514/investigation-sensitivity-analysis-and-multi-objective-optimization-of-effective-parameters-on-temperature-and-force-in-robotic-drilling-cortical-bone
#2
Vahid Tahmasbi, Majid Ghoreishi, Mojtaba Zolfaghari
The bone drilling process is very prominent in orthopedic surgeries and in the repair of bone fractures. It is also very common in dentistry and bone sampling operations. Due to the complexity of bone and the sensitivity of the process, bone drilling is one of the most important and sensitive processes in biomedical engineering. Orthopedic surgeries can be improved using robotic systems and mechatronic tools. The most crucial problem during drilling is an unwanted increase in process temperature (higher than 47 °C), which causes thermal osteonecrosis or cell death and local burning of the bone tissue...
August 1, 2017: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791081/is-the-late-mandibular-fracture-from-third-molar-extraction-a-risk-towards-malpractice-case-report-with-the-analysis-of-ethical-and-legal-aspects
#3
Weuler Dos Santos Silva, Rubens Jorge Silveira, Michelle Gouveia Benicio de Araujo Andrade, Ademir Franco, Rhonan Ferreira Silva
OBJECTIVES: The present study reports a case of late mandibular fracture due to third molar extraction and highlights the inherent clinical, ethical and legal aspects related to this surgical complication. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A female patient underwent surgical procedure for the extraction of the mandibular right third molar. Two days after the surgery the patient reported pain and altered occlusion in the right side of the mandible. After clinical and radiographic re-examination, the diagnosis of late mandibular fracture was established...
April 2017: Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777920/complications-associated-with-the-use-of-recombinant-human-bone-morphogenic-protein-2-in-ridge-augmentation-a-case-report
#4
Panagiotis Dragonas, Charles Palin, Saba Khan, Praveen Gajendrareddy, Whitney Weiner
This case report aims to describe in detail a complication associated with resorption of regenerated bone following implant placement and ridge augmentation using rhBMP-2 in combination with allograft and xenograft. Bilateral maxillary sinus and ridge augmentation procedures were completed using rhBMP-2 combined with allograft and xenograft. Five months later, significant bone augmentation was achieved which allowed for the placement of 4 implants. Upon stage 2 surgery, significant dehiscence was noted in all implants...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774080/the-effect-of-uv-treatment-on-the-osteoconductive-capacity-of-zirconia-based-materials
#5
Miha Brezavšček, Ahmed Fawzy, Maria Bächle, Taskin Tuna, Jens Fischer, Wael Att
OBJECTIVE: Improvements in the bioactivity of zirconia implants for accelerated healing and reduced morbidity have been of continuing interest in the fields of dentistry and orthopedic surgery. The aim of the present study was to examine whether UV treatment increases the osteoconductivity of zirconia-based materials. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Smooth and rough zirconia-based disks and cylindrical implants were treated with UV light for 15 min and subsequently placed in rat femurs...
November 24, 2016: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28773005/implant-stability-of-biological-hydroxyapatites-used-in-dentistry
#6
Maria Piedad Ramírez Fernández, Sergio A Gehrke, Patricia Mazón, Jose L Calvo-Guirado, Piedad N De Aza
The aim of the present study was to monitor implant stability after sinus floor elevation with two biomaterials during the first six months of healing by resonance frequency analysis (RFA), and how physico-chemical properties affect the implant stability quotient (ISQ) at the placement and healing sites. Bilateral maxillary sinus augmentation was performed in 10 patients in a split-mouth design using a bobine HA (BBM) as a control and porcine HA (PBM). Six months after sinus lifting, 60 implants were placed in the posterior maxilla...
June 12, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770164/use-of-elevator-instruments-when-luxating-and-extracting-teeth-in-dentistry-clinical-techniques
#7
John Mamoun
In dentistry, elevator instruments are used to luxate teeth, and this technique imparts forces to tooth particles that sever the periodontal ligament around tooth roots inside the socket and expand alveolar bone around tooth particles. These effects can result in extraction of the tooth particles or facilitate systematic forceps extraction of the tooth particles. This article presents basic oral surgery techniques for applying elevators to luxate teeth. Determination of the optimal luxation technique requires understanding of the functions of the straight elevator and the Cryer elevator, the concept of purchase points, how the design elements of elevator working ends and tips influence the functionality of an elevator, application of forces to tooth particles, sectioning teeth at furcations, and bone removal to facilitate luxation...
June 2017: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744243/the-odyssey-of-dental-anxiety-from-prehistory-to-the-present-a-narrative-review
#8
REVIEW
Enrico Facco, Gastone Zanette
Dental anxiety (DA) can be considered as a universal phenomenon with a high prevalence worldwide; DA and pain are also the main causes for medical emergencies in the dental office, so their prevention is an essential part of patient safety and overall quality of care. Being DA and its consequences closely related to the fight-or-flight reaction, it seems reasonable to argue that the odyssey of DA began way back in the distant past, and has since probably evolved in parallel with the development of fight-or-flight reactions, implicit memory and knowledge, and ultimately consciousness...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717283/training-pathways-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-across-the-globe-a-mini-review
#9
REVIEW
Sanjeev Kumar
Due to historical reasons, many different training pathways exist across countries that lead to a degree in oral and maxillofacial surgery. Although it is generally accepted to be a specialty of dentistry, the complex nature of procedures being performed by OMF surgeons today, has necessitated extensive general surgical training. Many countries have thus made dual qualification mandatory, while others have extended training programs in OMFS with integrated medical teaching. In India, frequent contact with foriegn experts, availability of world-class equipment and efforts of individual surgeons has ensured that the full scope of OMFS is practised in select centres of learning...
September 2017: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708643/rare-complication-in-third-maxillary-molar-extraction-dislocation-in-infratemporal-fossa
#10
Andrea Battisti, Paolo Priore, Filippo Giovannetti, Giorgio Barbera, Francesco D'Alessandro, Valentino Valentini
AIM: Removal of impacted third maxillary molar is frequently carried out without difficulties and low rate of intraoperative complications. The rare and particularly challenger to manage it is the third molar dislocation into the infratemporal fossa (IF). In this clinical report, the authors present their solution to manage and resolve this particular complication. METHODS: A 28-year-old woman was referred to the emergency rescue unit of the authors' hospital by her dentistry, after the attempt to extract the left impacted maxillary third molar...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691432/effect-of-diode-lasers-with-wavelength-of-445-and-980-nm-on-a-temperature-rise-when-uncovering-implants-for-second-stage-surgery-an-ex-vivo-study-in-pigs
#11
Jacek Matys, Rafał Flieger, Marzena Dominiak
BACKGROUND: Many surgical procedures in a soft tissue are performed using diodes lasers. Recently, a novel diode laser operates in 445 nm wavelength was introduced in dentistry. OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to evaluate a time of surgery and an increase in temperature of a titanium implants during its uncovering using 445 and 980 nm wavelengths. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The research included 45 pig mandibles (n=45). The specimens were randomly divided into 3 groups (n=15) according to the laser irradiation mode and wavelength; G1 - 445nm laser, power: 3 W, continuous wave (CW), distance: 2 mm, power density: 7460 W/cm2, fiber: 320µm, none-contact mode; G2 - 445nm laser (power: 2 W, CW, power density: 4970 W/cm2, fiber: 320µm, contact mode; G3 (control) - 980nm laser, power: 2...
June 27, 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689523/critical-analysis-of-piezoelectric-surgery-with-oscillating-saw-in-bimaxillary-orthognathic-surgery
#12
Zainab Akbar, Hammad Saleem, Waseem Ahmed
OBJECTIVE: To compare the piezosurgery with conventional saw for osteotomy in orthognathic bimaxillary surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Comparative study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: The Armed Forces Institute of Dentistry, Rawalpindi, Pakistan, from January 2012 to July 2015. METHODOLOGY: Twenty-four patients, regardless of gender, were selected for bimaxillary surgery. Each underwent osteotomy with conventional saw and piezosurgery equipment...
June 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652897/low-level-laser-therapy-in-russia-history-science-and-practice
#13
REVIEW
Sergey Vladimirovich Moskvin
In Russia (formerly USSR) study of biomodulation action (BMA) mechanisms of low-intensity laser irradiation (LILI) began in 1964, immediately after the development of lasers. During the period from 1965 to 1972 several dozens of scientific conferences were held, hundreds of studies were published. Generally, secondary mechanisms and results of LILI effect on patients with various diseases were studied. This data was immediately implemented into practical medicine in the fields of oncology, surgery, dermatology and dentistry, and since 1974 low level laser therapy (LLLT) is included in the standard of state medical care...
2017: Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646596/the-course-and-distribution-of-the-buccal-nerve-clinical-relevance-in-dentistry
#14
Kojiro Takezawa, Mounir Ghabriel, Grant Townsend
BACKGROUND: The buccal branch of the mandibular division of the trigeminal nerve is commonly anaesthetised for dental procedures and may be damaged during surgery. Descriptions of the distribution of the buccal nerve (BN) in anatomical texts are generally lacking in detail and do not provide information about the extent of its variation between individuals. There are also commonly-held clinical beliefs about the BN that lack support from anatomical dissections. METHODS: Detailed dissections of the course and distribution of the BN were performed in a sample of 12 hemi-heads from 11 edentulous and partially dentate human adult cadavers...
June 24, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642563/root-canal-treatment-outcomes-not-affected-by-increasing-age-of-patient
#15
Y Jo Wong
Data sourcesMedline, Cochrane CENTRAL databases; most recent two years of seven journals: (Acta Odontologica Scandinavica; Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology; Gerodontology; International Endodontic Journal; Journal of Endodontics; Journal of Oral Rehabilitation; and Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontology).Study selectionTooth-based longitudinal prospective and retrospective studies, published in English from January 1950 to August 2013, assessing outcomes of NSRCT in adults with permanent teeth...
June 23, 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638558/impacted-lower-third-molars-and-distal-caries-in-the-mandibular-second-molar-is-prophylactic-removal-of-lower-third-molars-justified
#16
José Marques, Marta Montserrat-Bosch, Rui Figueiredo, Miguel-Angel Vilchez-Pérez, Eduard Valmaseda-Castellón, Cosme Gay-Escoda
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between the presence of mandibular third molars and the occurrence of carious lesions in the distal aspect of the mandibular second molar. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study comprising 327 lower third molars extracted in the Oral Surgery and Implantology Master's Degree program of the School of Dentistry of the University of Barcelona (Barcelona, Spain) was carried out. A descriptive and bivariate analysis was made...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631539/regional-nerve-blocks-for-equine-dentistry
#17
Molly K Rice
Regional nerve blocks are necessary to facilitate equine oral surgery in the standing sedated patient. Step-by-step instruction on how to perform common regional nerve blocks are discussed, including infraorbital, maxillary, middle mental, and inferior alveolar nerve blocks. Regional nerve blocks are critical when performing dental procedures in the standing horse.(1) The infraorbital and maxillary nerve blocks provide anesthesia of the infraorbital nerve, which is a branch of the maxillary nerve. Both nerve blocks provide adequate anesthesia for all maxillary dental procedures...
June 2017: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629781/position-paper-for-the-evaluation-and-management-of-oral-status-in-patients-with-valvular-disease-groupe-de-travail-valvulopathies-de-la-soci%C3%A3-t%C3%A3-fran%C3%A3-aise-de-cardiologie-soci%C3%A3-t%C3%A3-fran%C3%A3-aise-de-chirurgie-orale-soci%C3%A3-t%C3%A3-fran%C3%A3-aise-de-parodontologie-et-d-implantologie
#18
REVIEW
Sarah Millot, Philippe Lesclous, Marie-Laure Colombier, Loredana Radoi, Clément Messeca, Mathieu Ballanger, Jean-Luc Charrier, Philippe Tramba, Stéphane Simon, Alain Berrebi, Fabien Doguet, Emmanuel Lansac, Christophe Tribouilloy, Gilbert Habib, Xavier Duval, Bernard Iung
Oral health is of particular importance in patients with heart valve diseases because of the risk of infective endocarditis. Recommendations for antibiotic prophylaxis before dental procedures have been restricted, but the modalities of oral evaluation and dental care are not detailed in guidelines. Therefore, a multidisciplinary working group reviewed the literature to propose detailed approaches for the evaluation and management of buccodental status in patients with valvular disease. Simple questions asked by a non-dental specialist may draw attention to buccodental diseases...
August 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627359/evaluation-of-early-postoperative-complications-following-tracheotomy
#19
Danielle L Freburg-Hoffmeister, John H Hardeman, M Franklin Dolwick, Charles G Widmer
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the early postoperative complications related to tracheotomy performed by surgeons and residents in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (OMS) at the University of Florida College of Dentistry (UFCD; Gainesville, FL). The authors hypothesized that complications with this surgical technique would be substantially different among the different medical diagnoses of these patients and the number of complications would positively correlate with the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status classification...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624836/evaluation-of-scientific-output-in-dentistry-in-spanish-universities
#20
M De la Flor-Martínez, P Galindo-Moreno, E Sánchez-Fernández, E Abadal, M-J Cobo, E Herrera-Viedma
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the scientific output of Spanish universities that offer a bachelor's degree in dentistry through the use of various bibliometric indicators. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 21 universities offered a bachelor's degree in dentistry in academic year 2016-2017. The search for papers published by authors associated with these institutions was carried out using the selection of journals listed in the Journal Citation Reports (JCR) and the Web of Knowledge database for the period 1986-2017...
July 1, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
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