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Gang Ren, Nicholas Cairl, Ji Young Kim, Cynthia M Smas
This article describes qPCR analysis for the Adig/Smaf1 gene in multiple in vitro adipocyte differentiation models including white and brown adipogenesis, cell lines and primary cultures. The article also contains qPCR data for transcript levels of Adig/Smaf1 in a wide panel of murine tissues. Expression of Adig/Smaf1 transcript in white and brown adipose tissue in fasted and refed mice is reported and also data for Adig/Smaf1 transcript expression in genetically obese ob/ob mice. Data on the effects of siRNA-mediated knockdown of Srebp1c on Adig/Smaf1 transcript levels in 3T3-L1 adipocytes are shown...
December 2016: Data in Brief
S Shi, J F Wan, X W Zuo, N L Chen, J H Zhang, Y H Rong
The martensite/parent coherent interface of Mn-based shape memory alloys (SMAs) is a significant part in the research of their martensitic transformation, reversible shape memory effect and magnetic shape memory effect. In the present work, a chemical-structural model was proposed to calculate the martensite/parent coherent interfacial energy of Mn-X (X = Cu, Fe) alloys. In this model, the coherent heterophase interfacial energy consists of chemical and structural parts. Resulting from the formation process of the heterophase interface, the chemical interfacial energy is expressed as the incremental value of bond energy, while the structural part is obtained by calculating the interfacial strain energy...
October 20, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Liang Li, Wan-Jun Zhou, Ping Fang, Ze-Yan Zhong, Jian-Sheng Xie, Ti-Zhen Yan, Jian Zeng, Xu-Hui Tan, Xiang-Min Xu
BACKGROUND: Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is mainly caused by deletions in SMA-related genes. The objective of this study was to develop gene-dosage assays for diagnosing SMA. METHODS: A multiplex, quantitative PCR assay and a CNVplex assay were developed for determining the copy number of SMN1, SMN2, and NAIP. Reproducibility and specificity of the two assays were compared to a multiple ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) assay. To evaluate reproducibility, 30 samples were analyzed three times using the three assays...
October 18, 2016: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
F J Bohanon, O Nunez Lopez, B M Graham, L W Griffin, R S Radhakrishnan
Superior mesenteric artery syndrome (SMAS) is a rare, debilitating clinical condition caused by compression of the third portion of the duodenum by the superior mesenteric artery. Common symptoms include intermittent postprandial abdominal pain, nausea, weight loss, and bilious vomiting. Here we present a case series of three patients with SMAS who were treated with laparoscopic duodenojejunostomy. Patients were females between 12-17 years old. All patients underwent a successful laparoscopic duodenojejunostomy after diagnosis...
2016: Int J Surg Res
William P Adams, Dean M Toriumi, Bruce W Van Natta
: Resolution of ptosis is a key step to the success of many plastic surgery procedures. Ptosis is a manifestation of tissue stretch. Tissue stretch can occur as a result of the natural aging process or health of the patient, or tissue may stretch under added weight or volume, such as when implants are placed. Surgical rejuvenation of ptotic tissues is very effective and results in marked changes in the patient profile yet the tissue that resulted in the need for the procedure first place has not improved and ptosis can recur...
October 3, 2016: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
Benjamin W Starnes, Rachel E Heneghan, Billi Tatum
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to report midterm results of an ongoing physician-sponsored investigational device exemption pivotal clinical trial using physician-modified endovascular grafts (PMEGs) for treatment of patients with juxtarenal aortic aneurysms who are deemed unfit for open repair. METHODS: Data from a nonrandomized, prospective, consecutively enrolling investigational device exemption clinical trial were used. Data collection began on April 1, 2011, and data lock occurred on May 31, 2015, with outcomes analysis through December 31, 2015...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Koichi Watanabe, Tsuyoshi Saga, Joe Iwanaga, Yoko Tabira, Koh-Ichi Yamaki
INTRODUCTION: The transversus nuchae muscle appears inconsistently in the occipital region. It has gained attention as one of the muscles composing the superficial musculoaponeurotic system (SMAS). The purpose of this study was to clarify its detailed anatomical features. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We examined 124 sides of 62 cadavers. The transversus nuchae muscle was identified when present and examined after it had been completely exposed. We also examined its relationship to the occipital cutaneous nerves...
September 29, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
Matthew Allen Richardson, Daniel Elliott Rousso, William H Replogle
Importance: To our knowledge, long-term, objective results of lip augmentation using superficial musculoaponeurotic system (SMAS) tissue transfer beyond 1 year have not been previously described. Objective: To evaluate the efficacy, longevity, and safety of lip augmentation using SMAS tissue transfer. Design, Setting, and Participants: A retrospective single-blind cohort study was designed to evaluate all patients who underwent surgical lip augmentation using SMAS following rhytidectomy between January 1, 2000, and November, 16, 2015, at a private facial plastic surgery practice in Birmingham, Alabama...
September 29, 2016: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
Harry Mittelman, Summit Kundaria, Herman P Lam
The aging face results in increase in laxity of the skin and the underlying supporting tissue. There is a fundamental volume loss in the face and it is most apparent in the midface. A traditional superficial musculoaponeurotic system (SMAS) rhytidectomy addresses the laxity of the face but not volume loss. Multivector high SMAS plication allows for natural excess tissue to be placed into the area of volume loss, thereby addressing midface volume loss. This technique is easy to perform, reproducible, and effective with the added benefit of helping to volumize the lower face...
October 2016: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
Mélissa Bol, Nan Wang, Marijke De Bock, Benjamin Wacquier, Elke Decrock, Ashish Gadicherla, Kelly Decaluwé, Bert Vanheel, Harold V van Rijen, Dmitri V Krysko, Geert Bultynck, Geneviève Dupont, Johan Van de Voorde, Luc Leybaert
AIMS: Connexins form gap-junctions (GJs) that directly connect cells, thereby coordinating vascular cell function and controlling vessel diameter and blood flow. GJs are composed of two hemichannels contributed by each of the connecting cells. Hemichannels also exist as non-junctional channels that, when open, lead to the entry/loss of ions and the escape of ATP. Here we investigated cross-talk between hemichannels and Ca(2+)/purinergic signaling in controlling blood vessel contraction...
September 27, 2016: Cardiovascular Research
R Allan Jhagroo, Stephen Y Nakada, Kristina L Penniston
INTRODUCTION: Shared medical appointments (SMAs) have decreased patients' wait time to initial stone clinic appointment, standardized education, and increased exposure to nutrition therapy. We assessed the effectiveness of SMAs in reducing patients' urinary stone risk factors. METHODS: Patients who established care in our stone clinic in a SMA between 3/2012 and 8/2015 were sequentially identified. After eliminating those without follow-up urine collections or whose urinary creatinine excretion between the 2 collections varied by >40%, 113 patients were included (M:F 63:50; 54±15 y; BMI 30...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Endourology
Michael C Soult, Joseph C Wuamett, S Sadie Ahanchi, Christopher L Stout, Sebastian Larion, Jean M Panneton
OBJECTIVE: Duplex ultrasound (DUS) criteria are well defined for evaluating high-grade stenosis (≥70%) of the native superior mesenteric artery (SMA) and celiac artery (CA). It has been shown that native vessel criteria overestimate the degree of in-stent restenosis (ISR) and that velocity criteria for SMA and CA ISR are not well established. The objective of this study was to define DUS velocity criteria for high-grade ISR of the SMA and CA. METHODS: A retrospective review of all patients who underwent SMA or CA stenting from a single institution was performed from 2004 to 2013...
September 12, 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
John A Stevens, John Dixon, Andrew Binns, Bob Morgan, Jeff Richardson, Garry Egger
BACKGROUND: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health is generally the worst of any population group in Australia. Inaccessibility to health services is one possible cause of this. Shared medical appointments (SMAs) appear to be a culturally competent and appropriate way of improving access to, and the quality of, primary healthcare services for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to assess the acceptability and appropriateness of SMAs as an adjunct process in primary care for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander men...
June 2016: Australian Family Physician
Sunsun Li, Long Ye, Wenchao Zhao, Shaoqing Zhang, Subhrangsu Mukherjee, Harald Ade, Jianhui Hou
Fine energy-level modulations of small-molecule acceptors (SMAs) are realized via subtle chemical modifications on strong electron-withdrawing end-groups. The two new SMAs (IT-M and IT-DM) end-capped by methyl-modified dicycanovinylindan-1-one exhibit upshifted lowest unoccupied molecular orbital levels, and hence higher open-circuit voltages can be observed in the corresponding devices. Finally, a top power conversion efficiency of 12.05% is achieved.
September 8, 2016: Advanced Materials
Yayoi Sakata, Noriko Morioka, Fumiaki Nakamura, Satoshi Toyokawa, Yasuki Kobayashi
Objectives With the increasing aging population in Japan, the demand for medical and long-term care is expected to grow. Consequently, it is important to secure sufficient nursing personnel for medical care facilities. Careful monitoring of the allocation of nurses is crucial for providing services that match the needs of the population. However, few studies have examined the distribution of nurses by the type of facility in which they work or identified any associated factors. The objectives of this study are to examine trends in the distribution of nurses working in hospitals and to identify any associated factors such as policy changes, local socioeconomic characteristics, and nurse supply-and-demand-related factors...
2016: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
Safaa N Saud, Raheleh Hosseinian S, H R Bakhsheshi-Rad, F Yaghoubidoust, N Iqbal, E Hamzah, C H Raymond Ooi
In the present work, the microstructure, corrosion, and bioactivity of graphene oxide (GO) coating on the laser-modified and -unmodified surfaces of TiNb shape memory alloys (SMAs) were investigated. The surface morphology and chemical composition was examined using field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The surface modification was carried out via a femtosecond laser with the aim to increase the surface roughness, and thus increase the adhesion property. FE-SEM analysis of the laser-treated Ti-30at...
November 1, 2016: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
M D Levin
OBJECTIVE: to investigate the pathological physiology of superior mesenteric artery syndrome (SMAS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: We selected 35 articles devoted to SMAS, which were published from 1990 to 2014, and performed radiometric analysis of X-rays, CT scans and MRI slices found in these articles. In pictures the narrowing in the third part of the duodenum was measured from the boundary of the expanded segment to the level of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA)...
March 2016: Vestnik Rentgenologii i Radiologii
Hiroyuki Hirai, Naotaro Fukushima, Koji Hasegawa, Tsuyoshi Watanabe, Osamu Hasegawa, Hiroaki Satoh
A 48-year-old woman with a history of diabetes was admitted for nausea and vomiting with body weight loss. A blood examination revealed high plasma glucose and thyroid hormone levels and metabolic acidosis. She was therefore diagnosed with both diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and hyperthyroidism. Nausea and vomiting continued intermittently despite the administration of saline and insulin. The patient was further diagnosed with superior mesenteric artery syndrome (SMAS) after abdominal computed tomography revealed that a horizontal portion of the duodenum was sandwiched between the aorta and the superior mesenteric artery...
2016: Internal Medicine
Yukiko Ogawa, Daisuke Ando, Yuji Sutou, Junichi Koike
Shape-memory alloys (SMAs), which display shape recovery upon heating, as well as superelasticity, offer many technological advantages in various applications. Those distinctive behaviors have been observed in many polycrystalline alloy systems such as nickel titantium (TiNi)-, copper-, iron-, nickel-, cobalt-, and Ti-based alloys but not in lightweight alloys such as magnesium (Mg) and aluminum alloys. Here we present a Mg SMA showing superelasticity of 4.4% at -150°C and shape recovery upon heating. The shape-memory properties are caused by reversible martensitic transformation...
July 22, 2016: Science
Shelly P Smith, Beth L Elias
The shared medical appointment (SMA) is one model of care that holds promise for achieving the goal of balancing efficiency, cost, and quality. The results of recent studies of SMAs suggest that improved physiologic health, self-efficacy, and patient education and feasibility emerge as positive outcomes. In order to discover the potential applicability of the SMA format to otolaryngology, a pilot nasal symptoms SMA (NSSMA) model was implemented. The NSSMA was piloted in a private otolaryngology practice serving a metropolitan area in the Mid-Atlantic region...
July 2016: American Journal of Managed Care
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