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tibial fractures in children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100198/mr-imaging-for-detection-of-trampoline-injuries-in-children
#1
E Hauth, H Jaeger, P Luckey, M Beer
BACKGROUND: The recreational use of trampolines is an increasingly popular activity among children and adolescents. Several studies reported about radiological findings in trampoline related injuries in children. The following publication presents our experience with MRI for detection of trampoline injuries in children. METHODS: 20 children (mean 9.2 years, range: 4-15 years) who had undergone an MRI study for detection of suspected trampoline injuries within one year were included...
January 18, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088941/fracture-union-in-percutaneous-kirschner-wire-fixation-in-paediatric-tibial-shaft-fractures
#2
Ramji Lal Sahu, Rajni Ranjan
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of intramedullary Kirschner wires for the treatment of unstable tibial shaft fractures in children. METHODS: This prospective study was conducted at the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery in Maharishi Markandeshwar Medical College from June 2005 to June 2010. Sixty-six children having closed fracture of the tibial shaft with a mean age of 7.7 years (range, 2-14 years) were recruited from emergency and outpatient department. They were treated with percutaneous intramedullary Kirschner wires...
December 1, 2016: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051829/apophyseal-and-epiphyseal-knee-injuries-in-the-adolescent-athlete
#3
P Persiani, F M Ranaldi, A Formica, M Mariani, O Mazza, M Crostelli, C Villani
OBJECTIVES: In the context of pediatric sports injuries, the epiphyseal and apophyseal knee fractures represent rather peculiar lesions. The most frequently involved anatomical area is the knee. The peculiar function of the physis and the need to preserve their integrity, makes choosing what treatment methods to employ very important. Objective of this study is to assess the kind and the effectiveness of the most suitable treatment in the apophyseal and epiphyseal knee lesions occurring in the adolescents...
November 2016: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031518/arthroscopic-fixation-with-endobutton-for-tibial-eminence-fractures-visualised-through-a-proximal-superomedial-portal-a-surgical-technique
#4
Hitoshi Sekiya, Kenzo Takatoku, Akinori Kimura, Yuji Kanaya, Takashi Fukushima, Katsushi Takeshita
Most tibial eminence fractures are avulsion fractures of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) from its tibial insertion. This study describes a new arthroscopic technique using an additional proximal superomedial portal to visualise the tibial eminence fracture and to fix the fracture with the EndoButton to avoid the risk of fragment breakage. The proximal superomedial portal enables fracture reduction without damage to the intermeniscal ligament. Fixation with the EndoButton is strong enough to allow early rehabilitation with vigorous exercise...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029668/titanium-elastic-nailing-system-tens-for-tibia-fractures-in-children-functional-outcomes-and-complications
#5
K M Kc, P Acharya, A Sigdel
INTRODUCTION: Closed reduction and cast application is still regarded as first line treatment for pediatric tibial fractures. Over the past few decades, management of pediatric tibial fractures has shifted more towards operative intervention because of quicker recovery, shorter rehabilitation period, less immobilization, lack of stiffness of adjoining joints, and less psychological impact to the children. Flexible intramedullary nails not only fulfill the above advantage but also maintain alignment and rotation...
October 2016: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984688/-ankle-fracture-in-adolescents-triplanar-injury-associated-to-fracture-of-leg
#6
D Cuzmar-Grimalt, M Escudero-Heldt, J T Aldunate-González, N Plaza-Guzmán
the vast mayority of epiphyseal children fractures could be classified according to Salter Harris. There are other types of patterns such as triplanar and Tillaux fractures. The former is a complex type with fracture lines in sagital, axial and frontal planes. These fractures have main complications such as early epiphyseal closure, mechanical axis malalignment and gait disturbances. A clinical case is pictured which had a tibial shaft and ipsilateral triplanar fracture, this complex scenario of rare ocurrence was treated with reduction and osteosynthesis of both fractures...
May 2016: Acta Ortopédica Mexicana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957593/-rotation-or-derotation-osteotomy-of-the-tibia
#7
D Kolp, K Ziebarth, T Slongo
OBJECTIVE: Corrections for congenital or posttraumatic malrotation of the lower leg, considering alignment of the contralateral leg, with an osteotomy and fixation using locking compression plates (LCP). INDICATIONS: Posttraumatic deformity due to malunion. Increased tibial torsion in residual clubfoot deformity as long as the foot has been realigned. Idiopathic internal or external rotational deformity if the child is regularly tripping and falling, has psychological problems (other children making fun of the child because of the unusual gait), or is bothered by the deformity (age > 10 years, relative indication)...
December 12, 2016: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776050/tibial-rotation-osteotomies-in-a-matched-cohort-of-myelodysplasia-and-cerebral-palsy-children
#8
Peter J Stasikelis, Aaron T Creek, Linda I Wack
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to examine the frequency of complications in children with myelodysplasia (MD) undergoing tibial rotational osteotomies with a matched cohort of children with cerebral palsy (CP). It was postulated that because of the unique health issues facing children with MD more complications would be observed. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed to identify children with MD who underwent primary tibial rotational osteotomy between 1997 and 2012 and had a minimum 2-year follow-up...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746486/surgical-stabilization-for-open-tibial-fractures-in-children-external-fixation-or-elastic-stable-intramedullary-nail-which-method-is-optimal
#9
REVIEW
Rohan A Ramasubbu, Benjamin M Ramasubbu
BACKGROUND: Management of open tibial fractures is well documented in adults, with existing protocols outlining detailed treatment strategies. No clear guidelines exist for children. Surgical stabilization of tibial fractures in the pediatric population requires implants that do not disrupt the open epiphyses (growth plate). Both elastic stable intramedullary nails and external fixation can be used. The objective of this study was to identify the optimal method of surgical stabilization in the treatment of open tibial fractures in children...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684849/elastic-stable-intramedullary-nailing-for-severely-displaced-distal-tibial-fractures-in-children
#10
Kaiying Shen, Haiqing Cai, Zhigang Wang, Yunlan Xu
Elastic stable intramedullary nailing (ESIN) has became a well-accepted method of osteosynthesis of diaphyseal fractures in the skeletally immature patient for many advantages, the purpose of this study is to evaluate the preliminary results of this minimally invasive treatment for severely displaced distal tibial diaphyseal metaphyseal junction (DTDMJ) fractures.This study was carried out over a 6-year period. Twenty-one severely displaced DTDMJ fractures treated using ESIN were evaluated clinically and radiographically...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650913/long-bone-robustness-during-growth-a-cross-sectional-pqct-examination-of-children-and-young-adults-aged-5-29years
#11
Timo Rantalainen, Benjamin K Weeks, Rossana C Nogueira, Belinda R Beck
Skeletal robustness (cross-section size relative to length) is associated with stress fractures in adults, and appears to explain the high incidence of distal radius fractures in adolescents. However, little is known about the ontogeny of long bone robustness during the first three decades of life. Therefore, we explored the ontogeny of tibial, fibular, ulnar and radial robustness in a cross-sectional sample of 5 to 29year-old volunteers of both sexes. Peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) was used to evaluate cross-sections of the leg (4%, 14%, 38% and 66%), and forearm (4%, and 66%) in N=432 individuals...
September 17, 2016: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604531/physeal-fractures-about-the-knee
#12
REVIEW
Rhianna M Little, Matthew D Milewski
While some fractures may be managed similarly in adults and children, physeal fractures are uniquely limited to the pediatric population and require special consideration. Although physeal fractures about the knee are relatively rare, they are occurring more frequently due to increasing youth participation in sports and high-energy recreational activities. The evaluation and management of distal femoral and proximal tibial physeal fractures are similar to one another, but fractures of the tibial spine and tibial tubercle are approached somewhat differently...
December 2016: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27424533/computational-comparison-of-tibial-diaphyseal-fractures-fixed-with-various-degrees-of-prebending-of-titanium-elastic-nails-and-with-and-without-end-caps
#13
Yen-Nien Chen, Pei-Yuan Lee, Chih-Han Chang, Chih-Wei Chang, Yi-Hung Ho, Chun-Ting Li, Yao-Te Peng
INTRODUCTION: Elastic stable intramedullary nailing (ESIN) is a treatment strategy for the management of diaphyseal long-bone fractures in adolescents and children, but few studies have investigated the mechanical stability of tibial diaphyseal fractures treated with various degrees of prebending of the elastic nails. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare the mechanical stability, including the gap deformation and nail dropping, of a tibia fracture with various fracture sites and fixed with various degrees of prebending of the elastic nails by the finite element method...
October 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27398644/failure-of-tension-band-plating-a-case-series
#14
Julio J Masquijo, Gregory B Firth, Dalia Sepúlveda
Growth modulation with tension band plates (TBP) has been shown to be a very useful method for the treatment of angular deformities in growing children. Recently, we have observed cases of failure where the epiphyseal screw was drawn through the physis into the metaphysis. This study describes a series of children who developed this complication. Patients who developed TBP failure after operative treatment of lower limb angular deformities were identified from the databases at four institutions over a 5-year period...
July 8, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27379783/mid-term-results-of-femoral-and-tibial-osteotomies-and-fassier-duval-nailing-in-children-with-osteogenesis-imperfecta
#15
Khalid A Azzam, Eric T Rush, Bridget R Burke, Aleisha M Nabower, Paul W Esposito
BACKGROUND: Patients with osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) have significant burden of both fractures and bony deformities. The present approach to care in this disorder is a combination of surgical care with intramedullary rod fixation, cyclic bisphosphonate therapy, and rehabilitation with goal of maximizing patient function and quality of life. METHODS: Retrospective chart review identified 58 children with OI who had realignment osteotomies with Fassier-Duval (FD) intramedullary nailing of the lower extremity by a single surgeon...
July 2, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27347235/multiplanar-deformities-correction-using-taylor-spatial-frame-in-skeletally-immature-patients
#16
Lior Koren, Yaniv Keren, Mark Eidelman
BACKGROUND: Taylor Spatial Frame (TSF) is a modern circular external fixator that, using a virtual hinge, is able to correct six axis deformities simultaneously. Despite the growing popularity of this method, few reports exist about its use in children and adolescents. To evaluate the effectiveness of TSF in correcting multiplanar deformities in patients with open physis, we reviewed the results of treatment in children who had at least two planes deformities of lower limbs. METHODS: Over a period of 8 years, we treated 51 patients, 40 boys, 11 girls, with a mean age of 12...
2016: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27243804/ilizarov-bone-transport-versus-fibular-graft-for-reconstruction-of-tibial-bone-defects-in-children
#17
Mostafa Abdelkhalek, Barakat El-Alfy, Ayman M Ali
The aim of this study was to compare the results of treatment of segmental tibial defects in the pediatric age group using an Ilizarov external fixator versus a nonvascularized fibular bone graft. This study included 24 patients (age range from 5.5 to 15 years) with tibial bone defects: 13 patients were treated with bone transport (BT) and 11 patients were treated with a nonvascularized fibular graft (FG). The outcome parameters were bone results (union, deformity, infection, leg-length discrepancy) and functional results: external fixation index and external fixation time...
November 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27234381/meniscal-injuries-in-children-and-adolescents-undergoing-surgical-treatment-for-tibial-eminence-fractures
#18
Matthias J Feucht, Peter U Brucker, Carlo Camathias, Karl-Heinz Frosch, Michael T Hirschmann, Stephan Lorenz, Hermann O Mayr, Philipp Minzlaff, Wolf Petersen, Tim Saier, Dorien Schneidmüller, Amelie Stoehr, Daniel Wagner, Norbert P Südkamp, Philipp Niemeyer
PURPOSE: To prospectively evaluate the prevalence and characteristics of meniscal injuries in children and adolescents undergoing surgical treatment for tibial eminence fractures and to test for possible relationships between associated meniscal lesions and patient demographics or injury characteristics. METHODS: A prospective multicenter study was conducted to arthroscopically assess the prevalence and characteristics of meniscal injuries in children and adolescents undergoing surgical treatment for tibial eminence fractures between 04/2014 and 10/2015...
May 27, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27181690/sex-and-maturity-related-differences-in-cortical-bone-at-the-distal-radius-and-midshaft-tibia-evaluated-by-quantitative-ultrasonography
#19
Fátima Baptista, Lurdes M Rebocho, Graça Cardadeiro, Vera Zymbal, Nicoletta Rosati
Boys usually have higher values of bone mineral density measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry than girls, but contradictorily also have a greater incidence of fractures during growth. The purpose of this study was to investigate sex- and maturity-related differences in bone speed of sound (SoS) at the radius and tibia in a sample of 625 healthy children aged 10-14 y and to analyze the contributions of physical activity (PA) to possible dissimilarities. Radial and tibial SoS was evaluated by quantitative ultrasound, maturity was estimated as the years of distance from the peak height velocity age, and PA was assessed by accelerometry...
September 2016: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27159316/delayed-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-in-young-patients-with-previous-anterior-tibial-spine-fractures
#20
Justin J Mitchell, Meredith H Mayo, Derek P Axibal, Anthony R Kasch, Ryan R Fader, Vivek Chadayammuri, E Bailey Terhune, Gaia Georgopoulos, Jason T Rhodes, Armando F Vidal
BACKGROUND: Avulsion fractures of the anterior tibial spine in young athletes are injuries similar to anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries in adults. Sparse data exist on the association between anterior tibial spine fractures (ATSFs) and later ligamentous laxity or injuries leading to ACL reconstruction. PURPOSE: To better delineate the incidence of delayed instability or ACL ruptures requiring delayed ACL reconstruction in young patients with prior fractures of the tibial eminence...
August 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
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