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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865742/internal-rectal-prolapse-definition-assessment-and-management-in-2016
#1
L Cariou de Vergie, A Venara, E Duchalais, E Frampas, P A Lehur
Internal rectal prolapse (IRP) is a well-recognized pelvic floor disorder mainly seen during defecatory straining. The symptomatic expression of IRP is complex, encompassing fecal continence (56%) and/or evacuation disorders (85%). IRP cannot be characterized easily by clinical examination alone and the emergence of dynamic defecography (especially MRI) has allowed a better comprehension of its pathophysiology and led to the proposition of a severity score (Oxford score) that can guide management. Decision for surgical management should be multidisciplinary, discussed after a complete work-up, and only after medical treatment has failed...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Visceral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861237/psychosocial-predictors-of-engagement-in-sexual-risk-behavior-among-trans-female-youth-ages-16-24-years-in-san-francisco
#2
Caitlin M Turner, Glenn-Milo Santos, Sean Arayasirikul, Erin C Wilson
BACKGROUND: Trans*female youth (TFY) carry a disproportionate burden of HIV. Few longitudinal studies have analyzed both proximal and upstream predictors of changes in HIV-related risk behaviors for TFY. The present analysis aims to identify psychosocial predictors of changes in sexual risk behavior over time for TFY in the San Francisco Bay area. METHODS: Data come from the SHINE cohort study conducted at the San Francisco Department of Public Health from 2012-2014 (n=263)...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830038/advances-in-minimally-invasive-neonatal-colorectal-surgery
#3
REVIEW
Ashwath S Bandi, Catherine J Bradshaw, Stefano Giuliani
Over the last two decades, advances in laparoscopic surgery and minimally invasive techniques have transformed the operative management of neonatal colorectal surgery for conditions such as anorectal malformations (ARMs) and Hirschsprung's disease. Evolution of surgical care has mainly occurred due to the use of laparoscopy, as opposed to a laparotomy, for intra-abdominal procedures and the development of trans-anal techniques. This review describes these advances and outlines the main minimally invasive techniques currently used for management of ARMs and Hirschsprung's disease...
October 27, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778256/comparative-study-between-trans-perineal-repair-with-or-without-limited-internal-sphincterotomy-in-the-treatment-of-type-i-anterior-rectocele-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Mohamed Youssef, Sameh Hany Emile, Waleed Thabet, Hossam Ayman Elfeki, Alaa Magdy, Waleed Omar, Wael Khafagy, Mohamed Farid
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Two types of rectocele exist; type I is characterized by relatively high resting anal pressures, whereas type II has lower resting anal pressures with associated pelvic organ prolapse. We compared trans-perineal repair (TPR) of rectocele with or without limited internal sphincterotomy (LIS) in the treatment of type I anterior rectocele. PATIENTS AND INTERVENTIONS: Consecutive patients with anterior rectocele were evaluated for inclusion. Sixty-two female patients with type I anterior rectocele were randomized and equally allocated to receive TPR alone (group I) or TPR with LIS (group II)...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704667/quality-of-life-in-the-following-fistulotomy-short-term-follow-up
#5
H A Owen, G N Buchanan, A Schizas, A Emmanuel, R Cohen, A B Williams
INTRODUCTION: Anal fistula causes pain, discharge of pus and blood. Fistulotomy has the highest success, however, can risk continence; treatment balances cure with continence. This study assessed the impact of fistulotomy on Quality Of Life (QOL) and continence. METHODS: Patients selected for fistulotomy prospectively completed St Mark's Continence Score (full incontinence = 24) and Short Form - 36 questionnaires pre-operatively at two institutions with an interest in anal fistula, and reassessed 3 months post-operatively...
October 5, 2016: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631775/acute-adverse-events-and-postoperative-complications-in-a-randomized-trial-of-preoperative-short-course-radiotherapy-versus-long-course-chemoradiotherapy-for-t3-adenocarcinoma-of-the-rectum-trans-tasman-radiation-oncology-group-trial-trog-01-04
#6
Nabila Ansari, Michael J Solomon, Richard J Fisher, John Mackay, Bryan Burmeister, Stephen Ackland, Alexander Heriot, David Joseph, Sue-Anne McLachlan, Bev McClure, Samuel Y Ngan
OBJECTIVE: To compare acute adverse events (AE) and postoperative complication rates in a randomized trial of short-course (SC) versus long-course (LC) preoperative radiotherapy. BACKGROUND: Evidence demonstrates that adding neoadjuvant radiotherapy to surgery offers better local control in the management of rectal cancer. With both SC and LC therapy there is a potential for acute treatment-related toxicity and increased patient morbidity. METHODS: Eligible patients had clinical-stage T3 rectal adenocarcinoma within 12 cm of the anal verge with no evidence of metastasis...
September 14, 2016: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27531461/awareness-and-willingness-to-use-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-prep-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-transgender-women-in-brazil
#7
Brenda Hoagland, Raquel B De Boni, Ronaldo I Moreira, José Valdez Madruga, Esper G Kallas, Silvia Pereira Goulart, Natalia Cerqueira, Thiago S Torres, Paula M Luz, Nilo Martinez Fernandes, Albert Y Liu, Beatriz Grinsztejn, Valdilea G Veloso
Antiretroviral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is recommended to prevent HIV infection among high-risk men who have sex with men (MSM) though not available in Brazil where the HIV epidemic persists unabated in this group. This cross-sectional study describes PrEP awareness and willingness and associated factors among MSM and transvestite/transgender women (trans women) pre-screened for the PrEP Brasil study. Awareness was reported by 61.3 % of the participants and was associated with age, education, site, study period and prior HIV testing...
August 17, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27506355/direct-glycan-structure-determination-of-intact-n-linked-glycopeptides-by-low-energy-collision-induced-dissociation-tandem-mass-spectrometry-and-predicted-spectral-library-searching
#8
Pei-Jing Pai, Yingwei Hu, Henry Lam
Intact glycopeptide MS analysis to reveal site-specific protein glycosylation is an important frontier of proteomics. However, computational tools for analyzing MS/MS spectra of intact glycopeptides are still limited and not well-integrated into existing workflows. In this work, a new computational tool which combines the spectral library building/searching tool, SpectraST (Lam et al. Nat. Methods2008, 5, 873-875), and the glycopeptide fragmentation prediction tool, MassAnalyzer (Zhang et al. Anal. Chem.2010, 82, 10194-10202) for intact glycopeptide analysis has been developed...
August 31, 2016: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27492711/double-balloon-assisted-trans-anal-ercp-in-a-patient-with-roux-en-y-choledochojejunostomy
#9
Rintaro Hashimoto, Tomoki Matsuda, Hayato Aoki, Toru Okuzono, Masato Nakahori
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2016: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27431468/hiv-prevalence-and-demographic-determinants-of-condomless-receptive-anal-intercourse-among-trans-feminine-individuals-in-beirut-lebanon
#10
Rachel L Kaplan, Justine McGowan, Glenn J Wagner
INTRODUCTION: Growing evidence suggests increased HIV incidence in the Middle East and North Africa among "key populations." To date, epidemiological data have not accurately included and measured HIV prevalence and risk among trans feminine individuals in the region. Through the lens of the Gender Affirmation Framework, we assessed demographic correlates of risk behaviour and the prevalence of HIV among trans feminine individuals in Lebanon. METHODS: Long-chain referral sampling was used to recruit 53 participants for completion of a behavioural survey and optional free rapid HIV tests...
2016: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27431467/types-of-social-support-and-parental-acceptance-among-transfemale-youth-and-their-impact-on-mental-health-sexual-debut-history-of-sex-work-and-condomless-anal-intercourse
#11
Victory Le, Sean Arayasirikul, Yea-Hung Chen, Harry Jin, Erin C Wilson
INTRODUCTION: Transfemale youth (TFY) are an underserved and understudied population at risk for numerous poor physical and mental health outcomes, most notably HIV. Research suggests that parental acceptance and social support may serve as protective factors against HIV and other risks for TFY; however, it is unclear whether TFY receive primary social support from parents with or without parental acceptance of their gender identity. This study examines differences in parental acceptance, mental health and the HIV risk factors of history of sex work, age at sexual debut and engagement in condomless anal intercourse between TFY with two types of primary social support - non-parental primary social support (NPPSS) and parental primary social support (PPSS)...
2016: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27379633/development-of-neural-activity-in-the-enteric-nervous-system-similarities-and-differences-to-other-parts-of-the-nervous-system
#12
Marlene M Hao
All the neurons and glia of the enteric nervous system (ENS) arise from neural crest-derived cells that migrate into the gastrointestinal (GI) tract during development (Yntema and Hammond 1954; Le Douarin and Teillet 1973). Most of the ENS originates from vagal neural crest cells (NCCs), which arise from the caudal hindbrain region of the neural tube, adjacent to somites 1-7. In the developing mouse, vagal NCCs migrate into the developing oesophagus and stomach at embryonic day (E)9.5, enter the small intestine at E10...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27351193/the-relationship-between-methamphetamine-use-sexual-sensation-seeking-and-condomless-anal-intercourse-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-vietnam-results-of-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#13
Nga Thi Thu Vu, Martin Holt, Huong Thi Thu Phan, Lan Thi La, Gioi Minh Tran, Tung Thanh Doan, Trang Nhu Nguyen Nguyen, John de Wit
This study assessed the relationship between methamphetamine use and condomless anal intercourse (CAI) among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. Of 622 MSM participants, 75.7% reported any CAI in the last three months, 23.2% reported engaging in sex work in the last three months, 21.1% reported group sex in the last twelve months (21.1%) and 14.3% had used methamphetamine for sex in the last three months. CAI was associated with living in Ho Chi Minh City vs. Hanoi, being versatile during anal sex, a greater degree of sexual sensation-seeking, and more strongly agreeing that withdrawal before ejaculation is effective in preventing HIV...
June 28, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27266686/-propensity-score-matching-based-analysis-of-short-term-outcomes-of-laparoscopic-assisted-natural-orifice-specimen-extraction-for-left-colorectal-cancer-radical-resection
#14
S Z Xu, Z J Ding, S F Zhang, X F Qiu, F Yan, S S Yuan, J C Cai
OBJECTIVE: To explore short-term outcomes obtained with Laparoscopic-assisted Natural Orifice Specimen Extraction for left colorectal cancer radical resection. METHODS: A total of 123 patients with left colorectal tumor who had undergone laparoscopic surgery between Jan.2014 and Jun.2015 were reviewed. According to surgical approach, transanal specimen extraction using the Cai Tube (study group, n=29) and trans-abdominal incision specimen extraction (control group, n=123) were studied...
May 31, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27158537/minimally-invasive-surgery-for-inflammatory-bowel-disease-review-of-current-developments-and-future-perspectives
#15
REVIEW
Philipp-Alexander Neumann, Emile Rijcken
Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) comprise a population of patients that have a high likelihood of both surgical treatment at a young age and repetitive operative interventions. Therefore surgical procedures need to aim at minimizing operative trauma with best postoperative recovery. Minimally invasive techniques have been one of the major advancements in surgery in the last decades and are nowadays almost routinely performed in colorectal resections irrespective of underlying disease. However due to special disease related characteristics such as bowel stenosis, interenteric fistula, abscesses, malnutrition, repetitive surgeries, or immunosuppressive medications, patients with IBD represent a special cohort with specific needs for surgery...
May 6, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27110866/initial-experience-of-restorative-proctocolectomy-for-ulcerative-colitis-by-transanal-total-mesorectal-rectal-excision-and-single-incision-abdominal-laparoscopic-surgery
#16
C A Leo, S Samaranayake, Z L Perry-Woodford, L Vitone, O Faiz, J D Hodgkinson, I Shaikh, J Warusavitarne
AIM: Laparoscopic surgery is well established for colon cancer, with defined benefits. Use of laparoscopy for the performance of restorative proctocolectomy (RPC) with ileoanal anastomosis is more controversial. Technical aspects include difficult dissection of the distal rectum and a potentially increased risk of anastomotic leakage through multiple firings of the stapler. In an attempt to overcome these difficulties we have used the technique of transanal rectal excision to perform the proctectomy...
December 2016: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27044280/effect-of-preoperative-injection-of-carbon-nanoparticle-suspension-on-the-outcomes-of-selected-patients-with-mid-low-rectal-cancer
#17
Xing-Mao Zhang, Jian-Wei Liang, Zheng Wang, Jian-tao Kou, Zhi-Xiang Zhou
BACKGROUND: Carbon nanoparticles show significant lymphatic tropism and can be used to identify lymph nodes surrounding mid-low rectal tumors. In this study, we analyzed the effect of trans anal injection of a carbon nanoparticle suspension on the outcomes of patients with mid-low rectal cancer who underwent laparoscopic resection. METHODS: We collected the data of 87 patients with mid-low rectal cancer who underwent laparoscopic resection between November 2014 and March 2015 at Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College...
2016: Chinese Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26937152/condyloma-acuminatum-of-the-anal-canal-treated-with-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection
#18
Akiko Sasaki, Takeshi Nakajima, Hideto Egashira, Kotaro Takeda, Shinnosuke Tokoro, Chikamasa Ichita, Sakue Masuda, Haruki Uojima, Kazuya Koizumi, Takeshi Kinbara, Taku Sakamoto, Yutaka Saito, Makoto Kako
Condyloma acuminatum (CA) is a common sexually transmitted disease caused by human papilloma virus infection. Not all individuals develop persistent, progressive disease, but careful follow up is required with moderate-to-severe dysplasia to prevent progression to malignancy. Standard therapies include surgical treatments (trans-anal resection and trans-anal endoscopic microsurgery) and immunotherapeutic and topical methods (topical imiquimod); however, local recurrence remains a considerable problem. Here, we report a case with superficial CA of the anal canal, treated with endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD)...
February 28, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26850365/transanal-completion-proctectomy-after-total-colectomy-and-ileal-pouch-anal-anastomosis-for-ulcerative-colitis-a-modified-single-stapled-technique
#19
A de Buck van Overstraeten, A M Wolthuis, A D'Hoore
AIM: Minimally invasive surgery has proved its efficacy for the surgical treatment of ulcerative colitis (UC). The recent evolution in single port (SP) surgery together with transanal rectal surgery could further facilitate minimally invasive surgery in UC patients. This technical note describes a technical modification for single stapled anastomoses in patients undergoing transanal completion proctectomy and ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (ta-IPAA) for UC. METHODS: A step-by-step approach of the ta-IPAA in UC is described, including pictures and a video illustration...
April 2016: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26839863/obstructed-defecation-syndrome-after-delivery-trauma
#20
Shaban Mehrvarz, Seyed Mohsem Towliat, Hassan Ali Mohebbi, Soleyman Heydari, Mahdi Farahani, Hamid Reza Rasouli
BACKGROUND: Obstructed defecation syndrome (ODS) occurs in about 7% of adults; it seems that the etiology of pelvic floor disorders is multifactorial. Pregnancy and childbirth damage to the pelvic nerve and muscles are proposed causes for this condition. The precise role of vaginal delivery (VD) is not clearly defined, although in recent studies association of pelvic floor disorder with Operative vaginal delivery and episiotomy has been proposed. OBJECTIVES: In this prospective study, we assessed the outcome of stapled transanal rectal resection (STARR) in females with one of the two modes of delivery (VD or caesarean section (C/S)...
November 2015: Trauma Monthly
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