keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

watch and wait

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225694/polarities-in-clinical-thinking-and-practice
#1
John Z Sadler
This analysis of a case of a bereaved patient that poses two treatment options-watchful waiting or medication-focuses on five "polarities" in clinical practice: (1) the normal and the pathological, (2) the individual and the diagnostic collective, (3) the primary care physician and the consultant, (4) the expert and nonexpert, and (5) the moment and the process. These polarities can accentuate ethical problems posed by this case, for example, by creating stark contrasts that mask the complex contexts of care and characteristics of patients...
February 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212790/the-echinococcoses-diagnosis-clinical-management-and-burden-of-disease
#2
P Kern, A Menezes da Silva, O Akhan, B Müllhaupt, K A Vizcaychipi, C Budke, D A Vuitton
The echinococcoses are chronic, parasitic diseases that are acquired after ingestion of infective taeniid tapeworm eggs from certain species of the genus Echinococcus. Cystic echinococcosis (CE) occurs worldwide, whereas, alveolar echinococcosis (AE) is restricted to the northern hemisphere, and neotropical echinococcosis (NE) has only been identified in Central and South America. Clinical manifestations and disease courses vary profoundly for the different species of Echinococcus. CE presents as small to large cysts, and has commonly been referred to as 'hydatid disease', or 'hydatidosis'...
2017: Advances in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210942/how-we-treat-chronic-active-epstein-barr-virus-infection
#3
REVIEW
Akihisa Sawada, Masami Inoue, Keisei Kawa
Chronic active Epstein-Barr virus infection (CAEBV) is a prototype of the EBV-associated T- or NK-cell lymphoproliferative diseases, which also include hypersensitivity to mosquito bites and severe-type hydroavacciniforme. The manifestations of CAEBV are often self-limiting with minimum supportive care or only prednisolone and cyclosporine A with or without etoposide. However, allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is the only cure, without which patients with CAEBV die within several years...
February 16, 2017: International Journal of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208199/systemic-thrombolytic-therapy-for-acute-pulmonary-embolism-who-is-a-candidate
#4
Stavros V Konstantinides, Stefano Barco
Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a major cause of both acute and long-term morbidity for a large number of patients worldwide, and massive PE is frequently fatal. Right ventricular (RV) dysfunction is a key determinant of prognosis in the acute phase of PE. Patients with clinically overt RV failure, that is, with cardiogenic shock or persistent hypotension at presentation (acute high-risk PE), are clearly in need of immediate reperfusion treatment with systemic thrombolysis or, alternatively, surgical or catheter-directed techniques...
February 2017: Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202020/evaluation-of-the-ability-of-standardized-supports-to-improve-public-health-response-to-syndromic-surveillance-for-respiratory-diseases-in-canada
#5
Laura A Rivera, Ye Li, Rachel D Savage, Natasha S Crowcroft, Shelly Bolotin, Laura C Rosella, Wendy Lou, Jessica Hopkins, Ian Gemmill, Ian Johnson
BACKGROUND: Despite widespread implementation of syndromic surveillance systems within public health agencies, previous studies of the implementation and use of these systems have indicated that the functions and responses taken in response to syndromic surveillance data vary widely according to local context and preferences. The objective of the Syndromic Surveillance Evaluation Study was to develop and implement standardized supports in local public health agencies in Ontario, Canada, and evaluate the ability of these supports to affect actions taken as part of public health communicable disease control programs...
February 15, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181450/management-of-iatrogenic-aortal-dissection-as-a-complication-of-coronary-intervention-wait-and-watch
#6
Rajesh Dandale, Alexander Krapivsky, Feraydoon Niroomand
Iatrogenic aortic dissection (AD) is quite a rare complication during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The exact mechanism of iatrogenic AD during PCI is unknown. A standard of care in the management of iatrogenic AD is still lacking. We describe a case of an 83-year-old man, with an aortocoronary bypass graft, who underwent complex PCI with rotational atherectomy catheterization with a radial approach for a chronic right coronary artery stenosis, complicated by AD. According to our experience, retrograde dissection into the aorta during PCI can be sealed with a coronary stent that covers the coronary ostium and should be treated conservatively in most circumstances, unless complication like extension of dissection into other vessels or pericardial effusion or hemodynamic instability occurs...
February 9, 2017: Future Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177997/outcome-and-salvage-surgery-following-watch-and-wait-for-rectal-cancer-after-neoadjuvant-therapy-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Joseph C Kong, Glen R Guerra, Satish K Warrier, Robert G Ramsay, Alexander G Heriot
BACKGROUND: Currently there is no reliable test to predict pathological complete response following neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy for rectal cancer. However, there is increasing interest in using clinical complete response as a surrogate marker, allowing a subset of patients with locally advanced rectal cancer to be allocated into a "watch and wait" pathway. Little is known about the oncological safety of the "watch and wait" approach or the rate of salvage surgery in cases of tumor regrowth...
March 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169817/%C3%A3-valuation-d%C3%A2-un-nouvel-outil-d%C3%A2-information-dans-un-service-d%C3%A2-urgence
#8
Anne Pouessel, Anthony Chauvin, Jennifer Truchot, Matthieu Resche-Rigon, Bertrand Galichon, Patrick Plaisance
<ce:para>Aims : emergency Departments represent unique and complex entities that must be understood by the public. Objectives : to increase, by setting up screens, the number of information integrated by the patients during their waiting before medical care.</ce:para><ce:para>Method : Cohort, before/after implementation of information screens, prospective, evaluative, monocentric study. Patients were interviewed on the location of the hospital, the organization of the Emergency Department, their legal rights...
October 27, 2016: Recherche en Soins Infirmiers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161686/acute-abdomen-in-a-patient-with-paraesophageal-hernia-resulting-in-acute-compromised-respiratory-function-a-case-report
#9
Mira Mekhael, Alaa El-Hussuna
INTRODUCTION: We present a case of acute abdomen, causing increased intra-abdominal pressure, leading to further herniation of an existing paraesophageal hernia, and consequently acute compromised respiratory function. This acute respiratory complication to a paraesophageal hernia has not previously been reported. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We present a case of a 75-year-old female who was acutely admitted with stridor. The patient was known to have a paraesophageal hernia monitored using watchful waiting, and dyspnoea...
January 23, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158992/patients-anticipated-actions-following-transient-ischaemic-attack-symptoms-a-qualitative-vignette-based-study
#10
Parker Magin, Terry Joyce, Christopher Levi, Daniel Lasserson
BACKGROUND: Transient Ischaemic Attack (TIA) requires urgent investigation and management. Urgent management reduces the risk of subsequent stroke markedly, but non-presentation or delays in patient presentation to health services have been found to compromise timely management. We aimed to explore general practice patients' anticipated responses to TIA symptoms. METHODS: This was a qualitative study employing semi-structured telephone interviews. Participants were recruited from respondents in an earlier quantitative study based in Australian general practices...
February 3, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156475/usability-and-acceptance-of-novel-personal-health-technology-to-support-early-palliative-care-for-patients-with-cancer-and-caregivers
#11
Sarah C Reed, Katherine Kim, Victoria Ngo, Wendy Wait, Ester Apesoa-Varano, Joy Morgan, Robin L Whitney, Emma Blackmon, Jill Joseph
: 73 Background: Little research has assessed whether and how technology can support early palliative care. Our team developed a HIPAA-compliant, cloud-based Personal Health Network (PHN) with a secure, online network of family, caregivers, clinicians and service providers designated by the patient; symptom reporting/management resources; and support for communication among network members via audio/video conferencing, messaging, and document sharing. This study examines PHN usability and acceptance, and identifies additional functions for early palliative care...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152984/rationale-for-and-design-of-the-posta-study-evaluation-of-neurocognitive-outcomes-after-immediate-adenotonsillectomy-compared-to-watchful-waiting-in-preschool-children
#12
Karen A Waters, Jasneek Chawla, Margaret-Anne Harris, Carolyn Dakin, Helen Heussler, Robert Black, Alan Cheng, Hannah Burns, John D Kennedy, Kurt Lushington
BACKGROUND: IQ deficits are linked to even mild obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) in children. Although OSA is commonly first diagnosed in the pre-school age group, a randomised trial is still needed to assess IQ outcomes after adenotonsillectomy in the pre-school age-group. This randomised control trial (RCT) will primarily determine whether adenotonsillectomy improves IQ compared to no adenotonsillectomy after 12 months, in preschool (3-5 year-old) children with mild to moderate OSA. METHODS: This protocol is for an ongoing multi-centred RCT with a recruitment target of 210 subjects (105 in each arm)...
February 2, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145196/recognition-and-management-of-foreign-body-ingestion-and-aspiration
#13
Oliver William McKinney, Paul Anthony Heaton, Jane Gamble, Siba Prosad Paul
Foreign body ingestion and foreign body aspiration commonly affect children. The most vulnerable age is between six months and four years, when children tend to explore new objects with their mouths. Many of these events remain asymptomatic, with the swallowed object passing through the gastrointestinal tract without causing harm. However, the frequency of serious complications as a result of the ingestion of hazardous objects has increased in recent years, in particular button batteries and magnets. To increase the likelihood of identifying foreign body ingestion and aspiration, healthcare professionals should maintain a high index of suspicion, be aware of the variation in presentations and include it as a differential diagnosis in children presenting with non-specific symptoms, such as fever, cough, drooling, dysphagia and abdominal pain...
February 1, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144729/development-of-acute-myeloid-leukemia-in-patients-with-untreated-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia
#14
Shoko Ito, Shin-Ichiro Fujiwara, Kiyomi Mashima, Kento Umino, Daisuke Minakata, Hirofumi Nakano, Ryoko Yamasaki, Yasufumi Kawasaki, Miyuki Sugimoto, Masahiro Ashizawa, Chihiro Yamamoto, Kaoru Hatano, Kiyoshi Okazuka, Kazuya Sato, Iekuni Oh, Ken Ohmine, Takahiro Suzuki, Kazuo Muroi, Yoshinobu Kanda
The development of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in patients with untreated chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is rare. We experienced a 65-year-old man who developed AML with aberrant CD7 expression and monoallelic CEBPA mutation during watchful waiting for CLL. He failed to achieve complete response (CR) by standard induction therapy for AML. We retrospectively reviewed 27 patients who developed AML with untreated CLL published between 1973 and 2016. The median age at diagnosis of AML was 68 years, and the median duration between the diagnoses of AML and CLL was 4...
February 1, 2017: Annals of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131667/blood-fibrinogen-levels-discriminate-low-and-high-risk-intraductal-papillary-mucinous-neoplasms-ipmns
#15
M F Nentwich, K Menzel, M Reeh, F G Uzunoglu, T Ghadban, K Bachmann, J Schrader, M Bockhorn, J R Izbicki, D Perez
BACKROUND: The risk assessment of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMN) to either guide patients to surgical resection or watchful waiting is still under debate. Additional markers to better separate low and high-risk lesions would improve patient selection. METHODS: Patients who underwent pancreatic resections for IPMNs between January 2008 and December 2012 with available blood samples were selected and retrospectively assessed. Data on cyst characteristics such as cyst size, duct relation and main-duct dilatation were collected and plasma fibrinogen levels were measured...
January 16, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128670/large-granular-lymphocytic-leukemia-current-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-approaches-and-novel-treatment-options
#16
Estella Matutes
Large granular lymphocytic leukemia (LGLL) is a low grade lymphoproliferative disorder characterized by the clonal proliferation of large granular lymphocytes (LGL) and recognised by the WHO. The diagnosis and management of these patients is challenging due to the limited information from prospective studies. Guidelines for front-line therapy have not been established. The prognosis is favourable with median overall survivals greater than 10 years. Areas covered: This manuscript is a review of the clinical features, diagnosis, pathogenesis and, in particular, the various available therapeutic options for this rare lymphoid leukemia...
January 29, 2017: Expert Review of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108086/long-term-risk-of-wolff-parkinson-white-pattern-and-syndrome
#17
REVIEW
Susan S Kim, Bradley P Knight
For years, conventional wisdom has held that patients with asymptomatic ventricular pre-excitation (asymptomatic WPW or WPW pattern) were at low risk for adverse outcomes. This assumption has been challenged more recently in a number of observational/natural history studies as well as in prospective trials in which patients were more aggressively studied via invasive electrophysiology study (EPS) and more aggressively treated, in some cases, with pre-emptive catheter ablation, despite the lack of symptoms. In sum, the data do not definitively support one approach (early, up-stream EPS and/or ablation) vs...
December 5, 2016: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105501/-diagnostics-and-multimodal-treatment-of-depression-in-old-age-new-developments
#18
Gerhard W Eschweiler
Depressive disorders in elderly persons are frequent and can either first be manifested at a younger age and show a recurrent pattern during later life (ICD 10, F33.*) or have an onset beyond 60 years, which is termed late onset depression (LOD). This LOD has a higher tendency to chronification and implies an increased risk of progression, especially to vascular dementia. The multifactorial genesis of depression in old age includes psychosocial, vascular and metabolic factors and requires multimodal therapy modules at the biological and psychosocial level, which is now increasingly being empirically proven...
February 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102879/the-conservative-and-pharmacological-management-of-chronic-subdural-haematoma
#19
Jehuda Soleman, Fabio Noccera, Luigi Mariani
Chronic subdural haematoma (cSDH), one of the most common neurosurgical entities, occurs typically in elderly patients. The incidence is expected to double by the year 2030, owing to the continuous aging of the population. Surgery is usually the treatment of choice, but conservative treatment may be a good alternative in some situations. We provide a systematic review of studies analysing the conservative treatment options and the natural history of cSDH. Of 231 articles screened, 35 were included in this systematic review...
January 19, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099786/labor-intervention-and-outcomes-in-women-who-are-nulliparous-and-obese-comparison-of-nurse-midwife-to-obstetrician-intrapartum-care
#20
Nicole S Carlson, Elizabeth J Corwin, Nancy K Lowe
BACKGROUND: Women who are obese have slower labors than women of normal weight, and show reduced response to interventions designed to speed labor progress like oxytocin augmentation and artificial rupture of membranes. The optimal labor management for these women has not been described. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study compared 2 propensity score-matched groups of women (N = 360) who were healthy, nulliparous, spontaneously laboring, and obese (body mass index ≥ 30 kg/m(2) )...
January 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
keyword
keyword
99047
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"