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chemotherapy hyperthermia

Renzo Colombo, Hans van Valenberg, Marco Moschini, Johannes A Witjes
OBJECTIVE: An updated review of intravesical radiofrequency (RF)-induced thermo-chemotherapy effect (RITE) for NMIBC with regard to efficacy, adverse events (AEs) and perspectives. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: An extensive and sensitive search for RF-induced chemo-hyperthermia in Medline, Embase, Cochrane and databases was performed. A table of published clinical trials up to 2016 was constructed. No meta-analysis could be performed on the basis of new papers...
October 4, 2016: Urologia
N R Datta, S Krishnan, D E Speiser, E Neufeld, N Kuster, S Bodis, H Hofmann
Effective multimodal cancer management requires the optimal integration of diagnostic and therapeutic modalities. Radiation therapy, chemotherapy and immunotherapy, alone or in combination, are integral parts of various cancer treatment protocols. Hyperthermia at 39-45°C is a potent radiosensitiser and has been shown to improve therapeutic outcomes in various tumours through its synergy with chemotherapy. Gene silencing approaches, using small interfering RNAs and microRNAs, are also being explored in clinical trials in oncology...
October 3, 2016: Cancer Treatment Reviews
Xianxian Yao, Xingxing Niu, Kexin Ma, Ping Huang, Julia Grothe, Stefan Kaskel, Yufang Zhu
A multifunctional platform is reported for synergistic therapy with controlled drug release, magnetic hyperthermia, and photothermal therapy, which is composed of graphene quantum dots (GQDs) as caps and local photothermal generators and magnetic mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MMSN) as drug carriers and magnetic thermoseeds. The structure, drug release behavior, magnetic hyperthermia capacity, photothermal effect, and synergistic therapeutic efficiency of the MMSN/GQDs nanoparticles are investigated. The results show that monodisperse MMSN/GQDs nanoparticles with the particle size of 100 nm can load doxorubicin (DOX) and trigger DOX release by low pH environment...
October 13, 2016: Small
M Ravichandran, Goldie Oza, S Velumani, Jose Tapia Ramirez, Francisco Garcia-Sierra, Norma Barragan Andrade, A Vera, L Leija, Marco A Garza-Navarro
A multifunctional magneto-plasmonic CoFe2O4@Au core-shell nanoparticle was developed by iterative-seeding based method. This nanocargo consists of a cobalt ferrite kernel as a core (Nk) and multiple layers of gold as a functionalizable active stratum, (named as Nk@A after fifth iteration). Nk@A helps in augmenting the physiological stability and enhancing surface plasmon resonance (SPR) property. The targeted delivery of Doxorubicin using Nk@A as a nanopayload is demonstrated in this report. The drug release profile followed first order rate kinetics optimally at pH 5...
October 10, 2016: Scientific Reports
Zhibin Bai, Yaoping Shi, Jianfeng Wang, Longhua Qiu, Eric J Monroe, Gaojun Teng, Feng Zhang, Xiaoming Yang
PURPOSE: To investigate the technical feasibility of using ultrasound-guided intratumoral radiofrequency hyperthermia (RFH) to enhance local chemotherapy of rat orthotopic pancreatic cancers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Orthotopic pancreatic cancer masses were established by inoculating luciferase/mCherry labeled-pancreatic cancer cells into the pancreatic tails of Lewis model rats via a laparotomy approach. Twenty-four rats with pancreatic cancer and 24 mice with subcutaneous pancreatic cancer xenografts in four study groups (n = 6/group) received various treatments: i) combination therapy of intratumoral MR imaging-heating-guidewire-mediated RFH (42oC) plus local chemotherapy (gemcitabine); ii) intratumoral chemotherapy alone; iii) RFH alone; and (iv)phosphate-buffered saline (PBS)...
September 27, 2016: Oncotarget
Amin GhavamiNejad, Melisa SamariKhalaj, Ludwig Erik Aguilar, Chan Hee Park, Cheol Sang Kim
This study reports on an intelligent composite hydrogel with both pH-dependent drug release in a cancer environment and heat generation based on NIR laser exposure, for the combined application of photothermal therapy (PTT) and multidrug chemotherapy. For the first time in the literature, Dopamine nanoparticle (DP) was incorporated as a highly effective photothermal agent as well as anticancer drug, bortezomib (BTZ) carrier inside a stimuli responsive pNIPAAm-co-pAAm hydrogel. When light is applied to the composite hydrogel, DP nanoparticle absorbs the light, which is dissipated locally as heat to impact cancer cells via hyperthermia...
2016: Scientific Reports
David Padilla-Valverde, Susana Sanchez-Garcia, Esther García-Santos, Carlos Marcote-Ibañez, Mercedes Molina-Robles, Jesús Martín-Fernández, Pedro Villarejo-Campos
PURPOSE: To determine the effectiveness of thermography to control the distribution of abdominal temperature in the development of a closed chemohyperthermia model Materials and Methods: For thermographic analysis, we divided the abdominopelvic cavity into nine regions according to a modification of carcinomatosis peritoneal index. A difference of 2.5º C between and within the quadrants, and thermographic colors, were used as asymmetric criteria. Preclinical study: Rats Model: Six athymic nude rats, male, rnu/rnu...
September 16, 2016: International Journal of Hyperthermia
Abhignyan Nagesetti, Anthony J McGoron
We report a novel system of organically modified silica nanoparticles (Ormosil) capable of near infrared fluorescence and chemotherapy with adjuvant hyperthermia for image guided cancer therapy. Ormosil nanoparticles were loaded with a chemotherapeutic, Doxorubicin (DOX) and cyanine dye, IR820. Ormosil particles had a mean diameter of 51.2±2.4 nanometers and surface charge of -40.5±0.8mV. DOX was loaded onto Ormosil particles via physical adsorption (FDSIR820) or covalent linkage (CDSIR820) to the silanol groups on the Ormosil surface...
November 1, 2016: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Saqlain A Shah, M U Aslam Khan, M Arshad, S U Awan, M U Hashmi, N Ahmad
Multifunctional magnetic nanosystems have attracted an enormous attention of researchers for their potential applications in cancer diagnostics and therapy. The localized nanotherapies triggered by the external stimuli, like magnetic fields and visible light, are significant in clinical applications. We report a liposomal system that aims to treat cancer by magnetic hyperthermia, photodynamic therapy and chemotherapy simultaneously. The liposomes enclose clinically used photosensitizer m-THPC (Foscan) and anti-cancer drug doxorubicin, in its hydrophobic lipid bilayers, and contains magnetite nanoparticles in hydrophilic core...
August 31, 2016: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
R Das, N Rinaldi-Montes, J Alonso, Z Amghouz, E Garaio, J A García, P Gorria, J A Blanco, M H Phan, H Srikanth
Over the past two decades, magnetic hyperthermia and photothermal therapy are becoming very promising supplementary techniques to well-established cancer treatments such as radiotherapy and chemotherapy. These techniques have dramatically improved their ability to perform controlled treatments, relying on the procedure of delivering nanoscale objects into targeted tumor tissues, which can release therapeutic killing doses of heat either upon AC magnetic field exposure or laser irradiation. Although an intense research effort has been made in recent years to study, separately, magnetic hyperthermia using iron oxide nanoparticles and photothermal therapy based on gold or silver plasmonic nanostructures, the full potential of combining both techniques has not yet been systematically explored...
September 28, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Ioannis Kyriazanos, Vasileios Kalles, Anastasios Stefanopoulos, John Spiliotis, Faheez Mohamed
Cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy (HIPEC) is increasingly used in the treatment of peritoneal malignancies. The administration of HIPEC after complete cytoreduction offers the combination of the pharmacokinetic advantages inherent to the intraperitoneal delivery of cytotoxic chemotherapy, with the direct cytotoxic effects of hyperthermia, and has been reported to offer significantly improved patient outcomes. As a result, this novel method disseminates rapidly, with many surgical teams having developed peritoneal malignancy treatment programs...
September 2016: Surgical Oncology
Jie Yuan, Jialu Liu, Qi Song, Dan Wang, Wensheng Xie, Hao Yan, Junfeng Zhou, Yen Wei, Xiaodan Sun, Lingyun Zhao
Mild hyperthermia has shown great advantages when combined with chemotherapy. The development of a multifunctional platform for the integration of mild hyperthermia capability into a drug-loading system is a key issue for cancer multimodality treatment application. Herein, a facile one-pot in situ fabrication protocol of docetaxel (DTX)-loaded poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA)/polypyrrole (PPy) nanocomposites was developed. While the PLGA nanoparticles (NPs) allow efficient drug loading, the PPy nanobulges embedded within the surface of the PLGA NPs, formed by in situ pyrrole polymerization without the introduction of other template agents, can act as ideal mediators for photoinduced mild hyperthermia...
September 21, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Jian-Fu Zhang, Xiang-Ming Yan, Bin Lan, Yin-Rui Lei, Xiao-Hu Li, Shuai Gao, Yi-Feng Guo, Fang Guo
Prostate Cancer has become the second leading cause of male cancer-related incidence and mortality in United States. Hyperthermia (HT) is known to serve as a powerful tool in treatment of prostate cancer in clinical. The combination treatment with HT and cisplatin has a synergistic effect to inhibit prostate cancer progression and demonstrates better clinical effectiveness than HT or chemotherapy alone. But molecular mechanisms of this phenomenon have not been illuminated clearly. In this study, we used MTS assay to examine cell viabilities of PC-3, LNCaP, DU-145 and RM-1 cells after treated by HT and cisplatin...
October 14, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Rhythm R Shah, Alexander R Dombrowsky, Abigail L Paulson, Margaret P Johnson, David E Nikles, Christopher S Brazel
Magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (MNPs) have been developed for magnetic fluid hyperthermia (MFH) cancer therapy, where cancer cells are treated through the heat generated by application of a high frequency magnetic field. This heat has also been proposed as a mechanism to trigger release of chemotherapy agents. In each of these cases, MNPs with optimal heating performance can be used to maximize therapeutic effect while minimizing the required dosage of MNPs. In this study, the heating efficiencies (or specific absorption rate, SAR) of two types of MNPs were evaluated experimentally and then predicted from their magnetic properties...
November 1, 2016: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Rajni Sethi, Adam Cunha, Katherine Mellis, Timmy Siauw, Chris Diederich, Jean Pouliot, I-Chow Hsu
PURPOSE: Three-dimensional (3D) printing technology allows physicians to rapidly create customized devices for patients. We report our initial clinical experience using this technology to create custom applicators for vaginal brachytherapy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Three brachytherapy patients with unique clinical needs were identified as likely to benefit from a customized vaginal applicator. Patient 1 underwent intracavitary vaginal cuff brachytherapy after hysterectomy and chemotherapy for stage IA papillary serous endometrial cancer using a custom printed 2...
June 2016: Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
Chenchen Qin, Jinbo Fei, Peng Cai, Jie Zhao, Junbai Li
We report that through facile lipid self-assembly, biomimetic membrane-conjugated mesoporous silica-coated graphene oxide is constructed as targeting nanocarrier toward efficient combination of photothermal therapy and chemotherapy. Impressively, the simple surface modification with folate-contained lipid bilayer allows the graphene-based nanoarchitecture above to be selectively internalized by tumor cells overexpressing relevant receptors. Compared to pure drug, 7-fold doxorubicin is delivered into tumor cells by the nanoarchitecture...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Cale D Fahrenholtz, Song Ding, Brian W Bernish, Mariah L Wright, Ye Zheng, Mu Yang, Xiyuan Yao, George L Donati, Michael D Gross, Ulrich Bierbach, Ravi Singh
A three-component drug-delivery system has been developed consisting of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) coated with a non-classical platinum chemotherapeutic agent ([PtCl(NH3)2(L)]Cl (P3A1; L=N-(2-(acridin-9-ylamino)ethyl)-N-methylproprionimidamide) and 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[amino(polyethylene glycol)-5000] (DSPE-mPEG). The optimized P3A1-MWCNTs are colloidally stable in physiological solution and deliver more P3A1 into breast cancer cells than treatment with the free drug...
July 27, 2016: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
Patrick Finkel, Benjamin Frey, Friederike Mayer, Karina Bösl, Nina Werthmöller, Andreas Mackensen, Udo S Gaipl, Evelyn Ullrich
Classical tumor therapy consists of surgery, radio(RT)- and/or chemotherapy. Additive immunotherapy has gained in impact and antitumor in situ immunization strategies are promising to strengthen innate and adaptive immune responses. Immunological effects of RT and especially in combination with immune stimulation are mostly described for melanoma. Since hyperthermia (HT) in multimodal settings is capable of rendering tumor cells immunogenic, we analyzed the in vivo immunogenic potential of RT plus HT-treated B16 melanoma cells with an immunization and therapeutic assay...
June 2016: Oncoimmunology
Rolf Issels, Lars H Lindner
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Recent developments of neo-adjuvant chemotherapy treatment strategies for high-risk soft tissue sarcoma (STS) with special emphasis on regional hyperthermia (RHT) are reviewed. RECENT FINDINGS: Attempts to improve outcomes using up-front strategies in addition to surgery have essentially focused on neo-adjuvant and adjuvant chemotherapy or preoperative radiochemotherapy. Unfortunately, the results are either confounded by retrospective analyses of nonrandomized studies with small sample size or are negative showing no substantial clinical benefit in the few randomized trials...
September 2016: Current Opinion in Oncology
Alexander Tishin, Alexander A Shtil, Alexander P Pyatakov, Vladimir I Zverev
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Methods of local or loco-regional anticancer treatment are of the utmost importance because the therapeutic 'power' is applied directly to the disease site. Consequently, general toxicity is minimized. Hyperthermia, that is, a sustained increase of intratumoral temperature up to 45 oC, has been investigated as a perspective treatment modality alone and/or in combination with ionizing radiation or chemotherapy. Still, the surrounding tissues can be damaged by the external heat...
July 19, 2016: Recent Patents on Anti-cancer Drug Discovery
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