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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925741/endophthalmitis-following-strabismus-surgery-iposc-global-study
#1
Ofira Zloto, Eedy Mezer, Luis Ospina, Branislav Stankovic, Tamara Wygnanski-Jaffe
PURPOSE: To examine the characteristics of patients with endophthalmitis after strabismus surgery (PSSE), the characteristics of the strabismus surgery, treatment, and prognosis as reported by pediatric ophthalmologists who are members of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus (AAOPS) around the world. METHODS: An email communication was sent to all members of AAPOS. The email included a web link to a survey that included 34 questions that examined the characteristics of patients with endophthalmitis after strabismus surgery...
September 19, 2017: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916599/directional-atherectomy-followed-by-a-paclitaxel-coated-balloon-to-inhibit-restenosis-and-maintain-vessel-patency-twelve-month-results-of-the-definitive-ar-study
#2
Thomas Zeller, Ralf Langhoff, Krishna J Rocha-Singh, Michael R Jaff, Erwin Blessing, Beatrice Amann-Vesti, Marek Krzanowski, Patrick Peeters, Dierk Scheinert, Giovanni Torsello, Sebastian Sixt, Gunnar Tepe
BACKGROUND: Studies assessing drug-coated balloons (DCB) for the treatment of femoropopliteal artery disease are encouraging. However, challenging lesions, such as severely calcified, remain difficult to treat with DCB alone. Vessel preparation with directional atherectomy (DA) potentially improves outcomes of DCB. METHODS AND RESULTS: DEFINITIVE AR study (Directional Atherectomy Followed by a Paclitaxel-Coated Balloon to Inhibit Restenosis and Maintain Vessel Patency-A Pilot Study of Anti-Restenosis Treatment) was a multicenter randomized trial designed to estimate the effect of DA before DCB to facilitate the development of future end point-driven randomized studies...
September 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916437/sex-specific-99th-percentiles-derived-from-the-aacc-universal-sample-bank-for-the-roche-gen-5-ctnt-assay-comorbidities-and-statistical-methods-influence-derivation-of-reference-limits
#3
Ian L Gunsolus, Allan S Jaffe, Anne Sexter, Karen Schulz, Ranka Ler, Brittany Lindgren, Amy K Saenger, Sara A Love, Fred S Apple
OBJECTIVES: Our purpose was to determine a) overall and sex-specific 99th percentile upper reference limits (URL) and b) influences of statistical methods and comorbidities on the URLs. METHODS: Heparin plasma from 838 normal subjects (423 men, 415 women) were obtained from the AACC (Universal Sample Bank). The cobas e602 measured cTnT (Roche Gen 5 assay); limit of detection (LoD), 3ng/L. Hemoglobin A1c (URL 6.5%), NT-proBNP (URL 125ng/L) and eGFR (60mL/min/1.73m(2)) were measured, along with identification of statin use, to better define normality...
September 13, 2017: Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911349/tuberculosis-human-rights-and-ethics-considerations-along-the-route-of-a-highly-vulnerable-migrant-from-sub-saharan-africa-to-europe
#4
V Wild, D Jaff, N S Shah, M Frick
Migrant health is a critical public health issue, and in many countries attention to this topic has focused on the link between migration and communicable diseases, including tuberculosis (TB). When creating public health policies to address the complex challenges posed by TB and migration, countries should focus these policies on evidence, ethics, and human rights. This paper traces a commonly used migration route from sub-Saharan Africa to Europe, identifying situations at each stage in which human rights and ethical values might be affected in relation to TB care...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910209/effects-of-treatment-type-on-alcohol-consumption-partially-mediated-by-alcoholics-anonymous-attendance
#5
Katherine J Karriker-Jaffe, Jamie L Klinger, Jane Witbrodt, Lee Ann Kaskutas
BACKGROUND: As insurance coverage, funding sources and venues for drug and alcohol treatment evolve in the United States, it is important to assess how the type of treatment received may impact long-term outcomes. The current study aims were to examine effects of treatment type on alcohol consumption in the year after treatment intake and to test mediators of effects of treatment type on later alcohol use. METHODS: Longitudinal data from clients in inpatient and outpatient alcohol treatment programs in California (n = 560) were used in ordinary least squares path analysis adjusting for respondent characteristics typically associated with both treatment completion and alcohol use...
September 14, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903173/climatic-and-watershed-controls-of-dissolved-organic-matter-variation-in-streams-across-a-gradient-of-agricultural-land-use
#6
Peng Shang, YueHan Lu, YingXun Du, Rudolf Jaffé, Robert H Findlay, Anne Wynn
Human land use has led to significant changes in the character of dissolved organic matter (DOM) in lotic ecosystems. These changes are expected to have important environmental and ecological consequences. However, high spatiotemporal variability has been reported in previous studies, and the underlying mechanisms remain inadequately understood. This study assessed variation in the properties of stream water DOM within watersheds across a gradient of agricultural land use with grazing pasture lands as the dominant agricultural type in the southeastern United States...
September 9, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901927/high-stakes-for-research-in-us-2018-budget-negotiations
#7
EDITORIAL
Susan Jaffe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 9, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901215/presentation-treatment-and-outcomes-in-patients-with-spontaneous-isolated-celiac-and-superior-mesenteric-artery-dissection
#8
Charles DeCarlo, Suvranu Ganguli, Jorge C Borges, Robert M Schainfeld, Ari J Mintz, Jessica Mintz, Michael R Jaff, Ido Weinberg
Spontaneous isolated celiac or superior mesenteric artery (SMA) dissection (SICMAD) is a rare clinical entity. Not much is known about the natural history and appropriate treatment. We retrospectively queried a prospectively collected institutional radiology database for all patients diagnosed with SICMAD from 1990 to 2017. We identified 42 arteries in 40 patients (83.3% male), mean age 54.8 ± 10.9 years, consisting of 24 celiac arteries and 18 SMA. SMA lesions were longer than celiac lesions (5.15 ± 3.81 vs 2...
September 1, 2017: Vascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892476/induction-of-allopurinol-resistance-in-leishmania-infantum-isolated-from-dogs
#9
Daniel Yasur-Landau, Charles L Jaffe, Adi Doron-Faigenboim, Lior David, Gad Baneth
Resistance to allopurinol in zoonotic canine leishmaniasis has been recently shown to be associated with disease relapse in naturally-infected dogs. However, information regarding the formation of resistance and its dynamics is lacking. This study describes the successful in-vitro induction of allopurinol resistance in Leishmania infantum cultured under increasing drug pressure. Allopurinol susceptibility and growth rate of induced parasites were monitored over 23 weeks and parasite clones were tested at selected time points and compared to their parental lines, both as promastigotes and as amastigotes...
September 11, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892445/applying-the-15-public-health-emergency-preparedness-capabilities-to-support-large-scale-tuberculosis-investigations-in-complex-congregate-settings
#10
Alison Jaffe Levy, Katelynne Gardner Toren, Carina Elsenboss, Masahiro Narita
Public Health-Seattle and King County, a metropolitan health department in western Washington, experiences rates of tuberculosis (TB) that are 1.6 times higher than are state and national averages. The department's TB Control Program uses public health emergency management tools and capabilities sustained with Centers for Disease Control and Prevention grant funding to manage large-scale complex case investigations. We have described 3 contact investigations in large congregate settings that the TB Control Program conducted in 2015 and 2016...
September 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891182/rare-disease-registries-a-call-to-action
#11
Paul Lacaze, Nicole Millis, Megan Fookes, Yvonne Zurynski, Adam Jaffe, Matthew Bellgard, Ingrid Winship, John McNeil, Alan H Bittles
When registries collect accurate clinical data over time, they can act as fundamental support structures for patients and their families and powerful cost-effective instruments to support clinical trials and translational research to improve quality of care, quality of life and survival. Registries are critical for rare diseases (RD) with low prevalence and propensity for variation in treatment and outcomes. Rare Voices Australia is leading a call for action to the research and clinical community to prioritise RD data collection and develop an integrated RD Registry strategy for Australia...
September 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889100/role-of-admission-troponin-t-and-serial-troponin-t-testing-in-predicting-outcomes-in-severe-sepsis-and-septic-shock
#12
Saraschandra Vallabhajosyula, Ankit Sakhuja, Jeffrey B Geske, Mukesh Kumar, Joseph T Poterucha, Rahul Kashyap, Kianoush Kashani, Allan S Jaffe, Jacob C Jentzer
BACKGROUND: Troponin-T elevation is seen commonly in sepsis and septic shock patients admitted to the intensive care unit. We sought to evaluate the role of admission and serial troponin-T testing in the prognostication of these patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: This was a retrospective cohort study from 2007 to 2014 on patients admitted to the intensive care units at the Mayo Clinic with severe sepsis and septic shock. Elevated admission troponin-T and significant delta troponin-T were defined as ≥0...
September 9, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878921/t-cell-prolymphocytic-leukemia-and-tuberculosis-a-puzzling-association
#13
Pascale Cervera, Amélie Gilhot, Christophe Marzac, Frédéric Féger, Ruoping Tang, Nabaz Jaff, Paul Coppo
T-cell prolymphocytic leukemia can result in severe immune T-cell deficiency. Clinicians should be aware of this complication in this rare lymphoid malignancy, and opportunistic infections should be ruled out before the use of usual immunosuppressive procedures such as alemtuzumab and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.
September 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868766/increased-doses-of-inhaled-corticosteroids-during-home-management-of-asthma-flare-ups-do-not-reduce-the-need-for-systemic-steroids
#14
Bernadette Prentice, Nusrat Homaira, Adam Jaffé
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866040/percutaneous-treatment-of-a-giant-infected-femoral-artery-pseudoaneurysm
#15
Qassem Sanallah, Ronen Rubinshtein, Michael Gabrielly, Ronen Jaffe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 24, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863857/revised-consensus-statement-on-the-preventive-and-symptomatic-care-of-patients-with-leukodystrophies
#16
REVIEW
Laura A Adang, Omar Sherbini, Laura Ball, Miriam Bloom, Anil Darbari, Hernan Amartino, Donna DiVito, Florian Eichler, Maria Escolar, Sarah H Evans, Ali Fatemi, Jamie Fraser, Leslie Hollowell, Nicole Jaffe, Christopher Joseph, Mary Karpinski, Stephanie Keller, Ryan Maddock, Edna Mancilla, Bruce McClary, Jana Mertz, Kiley Morgart, Thomas Langan, Richard Leventer, Sumit Parikh, Amy Pizzino, Erin Prange, Deborah L Renaud, William Rizzo, Jay Shapiro, Dean Suhr, Teryn Suhr, Davide Tonduti, Jacque Waggoner, Amy Waldman, Nicole I Wolf, Ayelet Zerem, Joshua L Bonkowsky, Genevieve Bernard, Keith van Haren, Adeline Vanderver
Leukodystrophies are a broad class of genetic disorders that result in disruption or destruction of central myelination. Although the mechanisms underlying these disorders are heterogeneous, there are many common symptoms that affect patients irrespective of the genetic diagnosis. The comfort and quality of life of these children is a primary goal that can complement efforts directed at curative therapies. Contained within this report is a systems-based approach to management of complications that result from leukodystrophies...
August 20, 2017: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863729/rate-of-neurologic-injury-following-lateralizing-calcaneal-osteotomy-performed-through-a-medial-approach
#17
David Jaffe, David Vier, Justin Kane, Michal Kozanek, Christian Royer
BACKGROUND: Calcaneal osteotomies are commonly used to correct varus hindfoot alignment in patients with symptomatic cavovarus deformity. Translational, closing wedge, and Malerba-type osteotomies have been implicated in the development of tarsal tunnel syndrome and neurologic injury to branches of the tibial nerve. The authors hypothesized that there would be minimal clinically important injury to the tibial nerve by performing a translational calcaneal osteotomy from a medial approach...
September 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860794/nursing-schools-and-academic-health-centers-toward-improved-alignment-and-a-synergistic-partnership
#18
Azita Emami, Darcy Jaffe, Paula Minton-Foltz, Grace Parker, Susan Manfredi, Theresa Braungardt, Kelly W Marley, Laura Cooley, Staishy Bostick Siem
This paper presents the findings from a national survey which the University of Washington conducted among leaders of 32 US academic nursing institutions that are part of academic health centers (AHCs) and complements these findings with results from a separate report by the American Association of Colleges of Nursing. While expressing overall satisfaction with their AHC relationships, these leaders find that nursing is often given greater parity in matters of education and research than in mission setting, financial, and governance matters...
2017: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858699/parent-child-interactions-in-children-with-asthma-and-anxiety
#19
Gemma Sicouri, Louise Sharpe, Jennifer L Hudson, Joanne Dudeney, Adam Jaffe, Hiran Selvadurai, Caroline Hunt
Anxiety disorders are highly prevalent in children with asthma yet very little is known about the parenting factors that may underlie this relationship. The aim of the current study was to examine observed parenting behaviours - involvement and negativity - associated with asthma and anxiety in children using the tangram task and the Five Minute Speech Sample (FMSS). Eighty-nine parent-child dyads were included across four groups of children (8-13 years old): asthma and anxiety, anxiety only, asthma only and healthy controls...
October 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856226/limited-comparability-of-creatinine-assays-in-patients-with-liver-cirrhosis-and-their-impact-on-the-meld-score
#20
Thorsten Kaiser, Benedict Kinny-Köster, Carsten Gnewuch, Diana Karailieva, Michael Kiehntopf, Anja Kessler, Christina Ritter-Sket, Michael Schmidt, Korbinian Brand, Joachim Thiery, Ralf Lichtinghagen
BACKGROUND & AIM: Patients with end-stage liver disease require valid estimations of mortality for organ allocation and risk stratification. The model of end-stage liver disease (MELD) score is used for this purpose in most countries and incorporates bilirubin, International Normalized ratio, and creatinine. The aim of this study was to evaluate the comparability of creatinine results from different routine assays in the serum samples of patients with liver cirrhosis. METHODS: Residual material from 60 serum samples was available from patients in different stages of liver cirrhosis...
August 2017: Pract Lab Med
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