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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792280/resource-utilization-and-indications-for-helicopter-transport-of-head-injured-children
#1
Clay M Elswick, Deidre Wyrick, Lori A Gurien, Malik Rettiganti, Marie Gowen, Ambre' Pownall, Diaa Bahgat, R Todd Maxson, Eylem Öcal, Gregory W Albert
INTRODUCTION: Helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) have provided benefit for severely injured patients. However, HEMS are likely overused for the transportation of both adult and pediatric trauma patients. In this study, we aim to evaluate the degree of overuse of helicopter as a mode of transport for head-injured children. In addition, we propose criteria that can be used to determine if a particular patient is suitable for air versus ground transport. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We identified patients who were transported to our facility for head injuries...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792241/efficacy-of-digital-cbt-for-insomnia-to-reduce-depression-across-demographic-groups-a-randomized-trial
#2
Philip Cheng, Annemarie I Luik, Cynthia Fellman-Couture, Edward Peterson, Christine L M Joseph, Gabriel Tallent, Kieulinh Michelle Tran, Brian K Ahmedani, Timothy Roehrs, Thomas Roth, Christopher L Drake
BACKGROUND: Insomnia and depression are highly comorbid and mutually exacerbate clinical trajectories and outcomes. Cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) effectively reduces both insomnia and depression severity, and can be delivered digitally. This could substantially increase the accessibility to CBT-I, which could reduce the health disparities related to insomnia; however, the efficacy of digital CBT-I (dCBT-I) across a range of demographic groups has not yet been adequately examined...
May 24, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792240/posttraumatic-stress-depression-and-coping-following-the-2015-nepal-earthquake-a-study-on-adolescents
#3
Asmita Sharma, Nilamadhab Kar
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to gather data on posttraumatic stress and depression in adolescents following the 2015 Nepal earthquake and explore the adolescents' coping strategies. METHODS: In a questionnaire-based, cross-sectional study about 1 year after the earthquake, adolescents in two districts with different degrees of impact were evaluated for disaster experience, coping strategies, and symptoms of posttraumatic stress and depression measured with the Child Posttraumatic Stress Scale and the Depression Self Rating Scale...
May 24, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791945/global-health-epilepsy
#4
Amza Ali
Epilepsy is a frequently misunderstood and highly stigmatized condition. Major treatment gaps exist across the world, most so in areas of financial constraint. Classification permits the best approaches to treatment and to ascertaining prognosis. The International League Against Epilepsy's new classification system emphasizes clinical aspects and utilizes all available resources to determine whether it is a focal or generalized epilepsy. The most important tools are a careful history, clinical examination, electroencephalography, and appropriate neuroimaging...
April 2018: Seminars in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791197/gender-differences-in-psychosocial-determinants-of-self-perceived-health-among-portuguese-older-adults-in-nursing-homes
#5
Violeta Alarcão, Teresa Madeira, Catarina Peixoto-Plácido, Nuno Sousa-Santos, Elisabete Fernandes, Paulo Nicola, Osvaldo Santos, João Gorjão-Clara
OBJECTIVES: Self-perceived health declines with age, varies by gender and is a predictor of mortality, morbidity, physical and psychological functioning. However, gender differences in health and illness perception are complex and not yet fully understood. This study aimed to explore gender-related differences in psychosocial determinants of self-perceived health among older adults living in nursing homes. METHOD: Nationwide face-to-face survey of the Portuguese population aged 65 and over...
May 23, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791193/shame-and-interpersonal-sensitivity-gender-differences-and-the-association-between-internalized-shame-coping-strategies-and-interpersonal-sensitivity
#6
Markus B T Nyström, Emilie Kjellberg, Ulrica Heimdahl, Bert Jonsson
The present study investigated gender differences in interpersonal sensitivity and internalized shame coping strategies in 252 undergraduate students. To measure interpersonal sensitivity and shame coping strategies, the self-assessment forms Interpersonal Sensitivity Measure and Compass of Shame Scale were used. The analyses revealed that compared to men, women display interpersonal sensitivity to a higher degree, and they use internalized shame coping strategies to a greater extent. The results also showed that interpersonal sensitivity is highly correlated with shame coping strategies...
2018: Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790293/the-relationship-between-self-reported-restless-sleep-and-objectively-measured-physical-activity-in-adults-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#7
Abigail L Gilbert, Jungwha Lee, Jing Song, Pamela A Semanik, Linda S Ehrlich-Jones, C Kent Kwoh, Dorothy D Dunlop, Rowland W Chang
OBJECTIVE: Despite many health benefits of physical activity, inactivity is endemic among adults with knee osteoarthritis (KOA). Because sleep quality may be a target to improve physical activity behavior, we investigated the cross-sectional relationship between restless sleep and physical activity in participants with or at risk for KOA. METHODS: We analyzed accelerometer-measured physical activity and clinical data from Osteoarthritis Initiative (OAI) participants...
May 22, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789596/cervical-vagus-nerve-morphometry-and-vascularity-in-the-context-of-nerve-stimulation-a-cadaveric-study
#8
Niels Hammer, Sabine Löffler, Yusuf Ozgur Cakmak, Benjamin Ondruschka, Uwe Planitzer, Michael Schultz, Dirk Winkler, David Weise
Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) has become a well-established therapy for epilepsy and depression, and is emerging to treat inflammatory disease, with the cervical vagus nerve (CVN) as major stimulation site. CVN morphometries are missing for VNS, considering its variability. Morphometric data were obtained from CVNs in 27 cadavers, including branching patterns and histology. Cross-sectional area, greater and lesser diameters averaged 7.2 ± 3.1 mm2 , 5.1 ± 1.5 and 4.1 ± 1.3 mm, and were ≤11...
May 22, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789282/internet-use-depression-and-anxiety-in-a-healthy-adolescent-population-prospective-cohort-study
#9
Robyn Pauline Thom, David S Bickham, Michael Rich
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric disorders, including conduct disturbances, substance abuse, and affective disorders, emerge in approximately 20% of adolescents. In parallel with the rise in internet use, the prevalence of depression among adolescents has increased. It remains unclear whether and how internet use impacts mental health in adolescents. OBJECTIVE: We assess the association between patterns of internet use and two mental health outcomes (depression and anxiety) in a healthy adolescent population...
May 22, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788823/synbiotic-supplementation-systemic-inflammation-and-symptoms-of-brain-disorders-in-elders-a-secondary-study-from-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#10
Eliana Regina Louzada, Sandra Maria Lima Ribeiro
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the effect of a symbiotic substance on symptoms of brain disorders and inflammation in the elderly. METHODS: Forty-nine elders, both genders, assigned into two groups: S-group (synbiotic) and P-group (placebo). Evaluations at the beginning and at the end of the experiment: geriatric depressive symptoms scale-15 (GDS-15); mini-mental status examination (MMSE); % of body fat (%fat); serum IL-6, TNF-α and IL-10; serum diamine-oxidase (DAO), intestinal fatty-acid binding protein (IFABP), and lipopolysaccharide (LPS)...
May 23, 2018: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788469/influences-and-impact-of-anxiety-and-depression-in-the-setting-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#11
Seyedehsan Navabi, Venkata Subhash Gorrepati, Sanjay Yadav, Jaykrishna Chintanaboina, Sarah Maher, Peter Demuth, Benjamin Stern, August Stuart, Andrew Tinsley, Kofi Clarke, Emmanuelle D Williams, Matthew D Coates
Background: Individuals with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are at increased risk of developing anxiety or depression (A&D). Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) with comorbid A&D are both more challenging to manage. IBD providers need to better understand the causes and impact of A&D in order to improve care for IBD patients. We sought to identify clinical factors that influence development of A&D and healthcare utilization in IBD. Methods: This is a retrospective analysis using an IBD natural history registry from a single tertiary care referral center...
May 17, 2018: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788128/sleep-patterns-and-problems-among-army-national-guard-soldiers
#12
Lucas P Hansen, Caroline Kinskey, Erin Koffel, Melissa Polusny, John Ferguson, Sonja Schmer-Galunder, Christopher R Erbes
Introduction: Adequate sleep plays an integral role in the physical and mental health of individuals, while simultaneously influencing their cognitive and work performance. Having recognized this, the U.S. Army has focused efforts on improving soldiers' healthy sleep behaviors. This study examines the extent to which mental health, alcohol use, and certain sleep hygiene behaviors predict sleep problems within an Army National Guard sample (N = 438). Materials and Methods: This manuscript is part of a larger study approved through the Minneapolis Veterans Affairs Medical Center Institutional Review Board...
May 18, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787953/public-perceptions-toward-mental-illness-in-japan
#13
Mami Kasahara-Kiritani, Tomoko Matoba, Saeko Kikuzawa, Junko Sakano, Katsumi Sugiyama, Chikako Yamaki, Mieko Mochizuki, Yoshihiko Yamazaki
AIM: The purpose was to characterize public perceptions in Japan of mental illness and how they related to stigma-related attitudes for the same. METHODS: Data were obtained using a vignette survey conducted as a part of the Stigma in Global Context - Mental Health Study and contained a nationally representative sample (n = 994). The survey was conducted using a multi-mode approach (face-to-face interviews, the drop-off-and-pick-up, postal collection) from September to December 2006, with a multi-stage probability sample of Japanese residents aged 18-64 years...
May 16, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786922/finding-factors-that-predict-treatment-resistant-depression-results-of-a-cohort-study
#14
M Soledad Cepeda, Jenna Reps, Patrick Ryan
BACKGROUND: Treatment for depressive disorders often requires subsequent interventions. Patients who do not respond to antidepressants have treatment-resistant depression (TRD). Predicting who will develop TRD may help healthcare providers make more effective treatment decisions. We sought to identify factors that predict TRD in a real-world setting using claims databases. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted in a US claims database of adult subjects with newly diagnosed and treated depression with no mania, dementia, and psychosis...
May 22, 2018: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786495/occupational-moral-injury-and-mental-health-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Victoria Williamson, Sharon A M Stevelink, Neil Greenberg
BACKGROUND: Many people confront potentially morally injurious experiences (PMIEs) in the course of their work which can violate deeply held moral values or beliefs, putting them at risk for psychological difficulties (e.g. post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, etc.).AimsWe aimed to assess the effect of moral injury on mental health outcomes. METHOD: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the association between work-related PMIEs and mental health disorders...
June 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784116/gendered-mechanisms-underlie-the-relation-between-pubertal-timing-and-adult-depressive-symptoms
#16
Adriene M Beltz
PURPOSE: Sex differences in depression emerge in adolescence, in concert with puberty. Off-time maturers, especially early-maturing girls, report more depressive symptoms than their same-sex peers. Recent evidence shows that these pubertal timing effects persist into adulthood, but the underlying mechanisms are unclear. METHODS: Participants were 318 young adults (201 women, 117 men) who rated their depressive symptoms in the past 2 weeks and provided valid retrospective reports of their pubertal timing...
June 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783087/association-of-t-and-non-t-cell-cytokines-with-anhedonia-role-of-gender-differences
#17
Manish K Jha, Andrew H Miller, Abu Minhajuddin, Madhukar H Trivedi
OBJECTIVE: Among individual depressive symptoms, anhedonia has been reliably associated with activation of the innate immune response. However, it is unclear whether this association extends to T cell cytokines and if gender differentially affects this association. METHOD: Concentrations of T (IL-17, T-helper (Th) 1- and Th2-) and non-T cell cytokines were measured in plasma using the Bioplex Pro™ human cytokine multiplex kit in Combining Medications to Enhance Depression Outcomes (CO-MED) trial participants who provided plasma at baseline (n = 166)...
May 12, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781713/caregiving-burden-and-psychological-distress-in-chinese-spousal-caregivers-gender-difference-in-the-moderating-role-of-positive-aspects-of-caregiving
#18
Daniel Fu Keung Wong, Ting Kin Ng, Xiao Yu Zhuang
OBJECTIVES: This study endeavors to advance the current literature by examining the gender differences in the caregiving experiences and the stress-buffering role of positive aspects of caregiving (PAC) among Chinese spousal caregivers of frail elders in Hong Kong. METHOD: Forty-nine husband caregivers and 121 wife caregivers of frail elders in Hong Kong (N = 170) responded to the Positive Aspects of Caregiving (PAC) scale, the Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI), the 21-item Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scales (DASS-21), and demographic questions...
May 21, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781055/psychosocial-comorbidities-related-to-return-to-work-rates-following-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#19
Eleanor R Turi, Yvette Conley, Elizabeth Crago, Paula Sherwood, Samuel M Poloyac, Dianxu Ren, Ansley G Stanfill
Purpose Ability to return to work (RTW) after stroke has been shown to have positive psychosocial benefits on survivors. Although one-fifth of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) survivors suffer from poor psychosocial outcomes, the relationship between such outcomes and RTW post-stroke is not clear. This project explores the relationship between age, gender, race, marital status, anxiety and depression and RTW 3 and 12 months post-aSAH. Methods Demographic and clinical variables were collected from the electronic medical record at the time of aSAH admission...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779457/intimate-partner-violence-and-mental-health-among-transgender-gender-nonconforming-adults
#20
Richard S Henry, Paul B Perrin, Bethany M Coston, Jenna M Calton
There is significant evidence to suggest that intimate partner violence (IPV) is associated with mental health problems including anxiety and depression. However, this research has almost exclusively been conducted through heteronormative and cisgender lenses. The current study is an exploratory, quantitative analysis of the relationship between experiences of IPV and mental health among transgender/gender nonconforming (TGNC) adults. A national sample of 78 TGNC individuals completed a survey online measuring participants' experiences with IPV and depression, anxiety, and satisfaction with life...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
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