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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635580/hide-and-sick-self-concealment-shame-and-distress-in-the-setting-of-psycho-oncology
#1
Reut Wertheim, Ilanit Hasson-Ohayon, Michal Mashiach-Eizenberg, Noam Pizem, Einat Shacham-Shmueli, Gil Goldzweig
OBJECTIVE: Both trait and contextual self-concealment, as well as shame- and guilt-proneness, have previously been found to be associated with psychological distress. However, findings regarding the associations between these variables among patients with cancer and among the spouses of patients with cancer are limited. The aim of the current study was therefore to investigate the relationship between shame-proneness and psychological distress (anxiety and depression) by examining the mediating role of both trait and contextual self-concealment among patients with cancer and among the spouses of patients with cancer...
June 21, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634698/association-between-characteristics-of-pain-and-stiffness-and-the-functional-status-of-patients-with-incident-polymyalgia-rheumatica-from-primary-care
#2
A Cawley, J A Prior, S Muller, T Helliwell, S L Hider, B Dasgupta, K Barraclough, C D Mallen
This paper aims to examine the relationship between different characteristics of pain and stiffness and the functional status of patients with newly diagnosed polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR). Baseline analysis of an inception cohort study was conducted. Patients aged ≥18 years, with a new diagnosis of PMR were recruited from 382 English general practices. Participants were mailed a baseline questionnaire, including separate pain and stiffness manikins and numerical rating scales (NRS), a question on their ability to raise their arms above their head and the modified Health Assessment Questionnaire (mHAQ) to examine participants' functional status...
June 20, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633439/mobility-difficulties-physical-activity-and-all-cause-mortality-risk-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-older-adults
#3
Beatriz Olaya, Maria Victoria Moneta, Joan Démenech-Abella, Marta Miret, Ivet Bayes, José Luis Ayuso-Mateos, Josep Maria Haro
Background: This study sought to determine the association between levels of physical activity and mobility difficulties and time to death while accounting for the effect of several confounders. We also examined the possible interaction between them and how various daily-life mobility difficulties could predict all-cause mortality. Methods: A nationally-representative sample of 2,074 non-institutionalized adults aged 60 years and older was analyzed. Vital status over a 3-year follow-up period was ascertained through national registers or by asking participants' relatives...
June 19, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633395/is-sarcopenia-associated-with-depression-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#4
Ke-Vin Chang, Tsai-Hsuan Hsu, Wei-Ting Wu, Kuo-Chin Huang, Der-Sheng Han
Objectives: to explore whether sarcopenia is associated with depression. Design: electronic literature databases from PubMed, Scopus, Embase and Google Scholar were searched. A systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies was conducted. Setting: community and outpatient clinic. Participants: people with and without diagnoses of sarcopenia. Measurements: outcome measures of depression...
June 14, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633172/burnout-and-depression-in-ms1-and-ms3-years-a-comparison-of-cohorts-at-one-medical-school
#5
Cinthia Elkins, Kyle P Plante, Lauren J Germain, Christopher P Morley
BACKGROUND: Losses of idealism, empathy, and professionalism over the course of medical education have been described previously in the literature. A 2012 national survey of medical students estimated 37%-44% with burnout, 58% screen positive for depression, and 9.4% with suicidal ideation in the past 12 months. Given changes in related traits, we sought to explore whether burnout and symptoms of depression change over time. The objectives of this study were to assess the differences in medical student burnout and symptoms of depression between first year (MS1) and third-year (MS3) medical students at one medical college...
June 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632242/exploring-gender-differences-in-self-reported-physical-activity-and-health-among-older-caregivers
#6
Colleen A Cuthbert, Kathryn King-Shier, Dianne Tapp, Dean Ruether, S Nicole Culos-Reed
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To document self-reported physical health and activity levels of older caregivers. Gender differences in physical health, physical activity levels, and predictors of physical activity were also examined.
. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study.
. SETTING: Tom Baker Cancer Centre in Calgary, Alberta, Canada.
. SAMPLE: 130 caregivers aged 60 years or older caring for individuals with breast, prostate, or colorectal cancer...
July 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631695/-chronic-stress-and-mental-disorders-in-patients-with-systemic-scleroderma-results-of-an-interdisciplinary-study
#7
O F Seravina, T A Lisitsyna, M N Starovoytova, O V Desinova, O B Kovalevskaya, D Yu Veltishchev
AIM: To analyze of the prevalence of stressful factors and mental disorders (MDs), as well as their clinical psychopathological and clinical psychological characteristics to improve the comprehensive diagnosis and treatment of systemic scleroderma (SSD). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Examinations were performed in 110 patients (predominantly women (n=97 (88.2%); mean age, 49.9±2.47 years) with a documented diagnosis of SSD (its mean duration, 7.25±0.42 years). 62 (56...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631276/comparison-of-two-different-analysis-approaches-for-dti-free-water-corrected-and-uncorrected-maps-in-the-study-of-white-matter-microstructural-integrity-in-individuals-with-depression
#8
Maurizio Bergamino, Rayus Kuplicki, Teresa V Victor, Yoon-Hee Cha, Martin P Paulus
Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) has often been used to examine white matter (WM) tract abnormalities in depressed subjects, but these studies have yielded inconsistent results, probably, due to gender composition or small sample size. In this study, we applied different analysis pipelines to a relatively large sample of individuals with depression to determine whether previous findings in depression can be replicated with these pipelines. We used a "standard" DTI algorithm and maps computed through a free-water (FW) corrected DTI...
June 20, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630720/predictors-and-trajectories-of-chronic-postoperative-pain-following-hip-preservation-surgery
#9
Christine B Sieberg, Justyna Klajn, Cindy Wong, Garrett Bowen, Laura E Simons, Michael B Millis
Factors contributing to chronic postoperative pain (CPOP) are poorly defined in young people and developmental considerations are poorly understood. With over 5 million children undergoing surgery yearly and 25% of adults referred to chronic pain clinics identifying surgery as the antecedent, there is a need to elucidate factors that contribute to CPOP in surgical patients. The present study includes patients undergoing hip preservation surgery at a children's hospital. The HOOS and SF-12 Health Survey were administered to 614 pre-surgical patients with 421 patients completing follow-up (6-months, 1-year and 2-years post-surgery)...
January 2017: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627459/peripheral-blood-gene-expression-of-acute-phase-proteins-in-people-with-first-episode-psychosis
#10
Jie Yin Yee, Milawaty Nurjono, Wai Yee Ng, Stephanie Ruth Teo, Tih-Shih Lee, Jimmy Lee
BACKGROUND: There is a growing interest in the association between schizophrenia and the activation of inflammatory system with signs of acute phase (AP) response. Majority of such studies had focused on C-reactive protein (CRP). The aims of the present study were (i) to examine the gene expression profiles of other acute phase proteins (APP), namely haptoglobin (HP), alpha-1 antitrypsin (A1T), and alpha-2 macroglobulin (A2M) in patients with first episode psychosis (FEP) over a period of three months and (ii) to explore the association between APP levels and severity of symptoms...
June 13, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627300/reduced-effective-emotion-regulation-in-night-owls
#11
Alexandra L Watts, Ray Norbury
Previous research has demonstrated a clear link between late chronotype and depression. The vulnerability factors underpinning this link, however, are unclear. Here the relationship between two specific emotion regulation strategies, cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression, and chronotype was investigated using multiple regression. Two hundred and forty participants (age range 18-80, 189 females) completed validated self-report questionnaires assaying chronotype, neuroticism, depressive symptomatology, sleep quality, and emotion regulation...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Biological Rhythms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627220/the-german-version-of-the-perceived-stress-scale-pss-10-evaluation-of-dimensionality-validity-and-measurement-invariance-with-exploratory-and-confirmatory-bifactor-modeling
#12
Dorota Reis, Dirk Lehr, Elena Heber, David Daniel Ebert
The Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) is a popular instrument for measuring the degree to which individuals appraise situations in their lives as excessively uncontrollable and overloaded. Despite its widespread use (e.g., for evaluating intervention effects in stress management studies), there is still no agreement on its factor structure. Hence, the aim of the present study was to examine the dimensionality, measurement invariance (i.e., across gender, samples, and time), reliability, and validity of the PSS. Data from 11,939 German adults (73% women) were used to establish an exploratory bifactor model for the PSS with one general and two specific factors and to cross-validate this model in a confirmatory bifactor model...
June 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625189/influence-of-early-maladaptive-schemas-depression-and-anxiety-on-the-intensity-of-self-reported-cognitive-complaint-in-older-adults-with-subjective-cognitive-decline
#13
Caroline Tandetnik, Thierry Hergueta, Philippe Bonnet, Bruno Dubois, Catherine Bungener
BACKGROUND: Subjective cognitive decline (SCD) designates a self-reported cognitive decline despite preserved cognitive abilities. This study aims to explore, in older adults with SCD, the association between intensity of self-reported cognitive complaint and psychological factors including Young's early maladaptive schemas (EMSs) (i.e. enduring cognitive structures giving rise to beliefs about oneself and the world), as well as depression and anxiety. METHODS: Seventy-six subjects (69...
June 19, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624255/-psoriatic-patients-analysis-of-patients-dissatisfied-with-their-management
#14
E Mahé, F Maccari, A Beauchet, N Quiles-Tsimaratos, N Beneton, J Parier, H Barthelemy, C Goujon-Henry, G Chaby, D Thomas-Beaulieu, G Géner, L Wagner, V Pallure, S Devaux, A Vermersch-Langlin, P Pfister, J Jégou, C Livideanu, M-L Sigal
BACKGROUND: The French are frequently regarded as grouchy. In a recent study, we observed a high proportion of patients initially consulting for psoriasis because they were dissatisfied with their previous therapy. We analyzed the characteristics of these patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional multicenter study in 40 centers belonging to the ResoPso (psoriasis treatment network) multicenter study group, with consecutive inclusions over a period of 11months in 2014...
June 14, 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623911/moderate-mental-illness-as-a-predictor-of-chronic-disease-prevention-and-screening
#15
Ginetta Salvalaggio, Christopher Meaney, Rahim Moineddin, Eva Grunfeld, Donna Manca
BACKGROUND: Primary care plays a pivotal role in the provision of both mental health care and chronic disease prevention and screening (CDPS). Unfortunately, moderate mental illness (MMI) is associated with poorer general health outcomes. Part of this burden of illness may be due to reduced CDPS uptake. The Building on the Existing Tools to Improve Chronic Disease Prevention in Primary Care (BETTER) trial recruited 777 participants ages 40-65 from 32 family practice panels, of whom 135 (18...
June 17, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623769/the-promotive-effects-of-peer-support-and-active-coping-on-the-relationship-between-bullying-victimization-and-depression-among-chinese-boarding-students
#16
Xue-Qin Yin, Li-Hui Wang, Guo-Dong Zhang, Xiao-Bing Liang, Jason Li, Marc A Zimmerman, Jin-Liang Wang
We examined the relationship between bully victimization experience and depression in rural adolescents and analyzed the moderating roles of peer support and active coping in male and female students. The sample comprised N=755 adolescents (376 females) with a mean age of 13.52 years. Through structural model and multi-group analysis, the results indicated: (1) a significant gender difference on the positive association between bullying victimization and depression; (2) peer support had a directly negative effect on depression among all boarding adolescents; and (3) significant moderating effect of active coping on the association between victimization and depression, without significant gender difference...
June 13, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623765/is-there-a-relationship-between-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-problem-drinking-behaviors-findings-from-a-population-based-sample
#17
Lin Fang, Sandra McNeil
OBJECTIVES: The study investigated the relationships between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and heavy and binge drinking, stratified by gender. STUDY DESIGN: Population-based cross-sectional study. METHODS: Data were retrieved from 2012 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. Over 39,000 individuals from five states were included in the study. Multiple logistic regression models were used to analyze the weighted data to determine factors associated with heavy and binge drinking for men and women...
June 14, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622815/effects-of-a-brief-ed-based-alcohol-and-violence-intervention-on-depressive-symptoms
#18
Megan L Ranney, Jason Goldstick, Andria Eisman, Patrick M Carter, Maureen Walton, Rebecca M Cunningham
OBJECTIVE: Depressive symptoms frequently co-exist in adolescents with alcohol use and peer violence. This paper's purpose was to examine the secondary effects of a brief alcohol-and-violence-focused ED intervention on depressive symptoms. METHOD: Adolescents (ages 14-18) presenting to an ED for any reason, reporting past year alcohol use and aggression, were enrolled in a randomized control trial (control, therapist-delivered brief intervention [TBI], or computer-delivered brief intervention [CBI])...
May 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622045/age-related-characteristics-of-outpatients-with-anxiety-disorders-the-leiden-routine-outcome-monitoring-study
#19
Anke Schat, Martijn S van Noorden, Therese van Amelsvoort, Erik J Giltay, Nic J A van der Wee, Marc J Noom, Robert R J M Vermeiren, Frans G Zitman
OBJECTIVE: It has been hypothesised that clinically important age-related differences between adults with anxiety disorders exist; this study aims to elucidate these differences. METHODS: We analysed data from 1950 outpatients diagnosed with DSM-IV-TR anxiety disorders treated at a Dutch hospital or affiliated mental healthcare centres. Three age-groups (young- (18-25; n = 435), mid- (26-40; n = 788) and older adult (41-65; n = 727)) were compared with regard to social demographic characteristics, diagnostic characteristics, anxiety symptom profile, general psychiatric symptom profile and generic health status, in addition, linear analyses were carried out with age as a continuous variable...
June 16, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622031/time-spent-on-social-network-sites-and-psychological-well-being-a-meta-analysis
#20
Chiungjung Huang
This meta-analysis examines the relationship between time spent on social networking sites and psychological well-being factors, namely self-esteem, life satisfaction, loneliness, and depression. Sixty-one studies consisting of 67 independent samples involving 19,652 participants were identified. The mean correlation between time spent on social networking sites and psychological well-being was low at r = -0.07. The correlations between time spent on social networking sites and positive indicators (self-esteem and life satisfaction) were close to 0, whereas those between time spent on social networking sites and negative indicators (depression and loneliness) were weak...
June 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
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