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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150619/reduced-orbitofrontal-thalamic-functional-connectivity-related-to-suicidal-ideation-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder
#1
Kiwon Kim, Sung-Woo Kim, Woojae Myung, Cheol E Han, Maurizio Fava, David Mischoulon, George I Papakostas, Sang Won Seo, Hana Cho, Joon-Kyung Seong, Hong Jin Jeon
Despite recent developments in neuroimaging, alterations of brain functional connectivity in major depressive disorder (MDD) patients with suicidal ideation are poorly understood. This study investigated specific changes of suicidal ideation in functional connectivity of MDD patients. Whole brain functional connectivity in 46 patients with MDD (23 with suicidal ideation and 23 without) and 36 age- and gender- matched healthy controls were compared using resting-state functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) analyzed with network-based statistics (NBS) and graph-theoretical methods...
November 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146553/impact-of-marital-status-on-outcomes-following-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#2
Moo Hyun Kim, Kwang Min Lee, Soo Jin Kim, So Yeon Kim, Jong Seong Park, Young Rak Cho, Kyungil Park, Tae Ho Park, Young Dae Kim, Victor Serebruany
BACKGROUND: Mood disorders, depression, and loneliness are established risk factors for thrombotic occlusions. Social relationships in general, and marital status in particular may play a role in predicting cardiovascular outcomes and survival after ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), but the evidence is inconclusive especially in Asians. METHODS: The Korean patients presented with STEMI (n=980) constituted married (n=780); or widowed, divorced, or single (WDS, n=200) groups...
July 22, 2017: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145921/change-in-fear-of-falling-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-two-year-prospective-cohort-study
#3
Tatjana Gazibara, Darija Kisic Tepavcevic, Marina Svetel, Aleksandra Tomic, Iva Stankovic, Vladimir S Kostic, Tatjana Pekmezovic
BACKGROUND: Fear of falling in Parkinson's disease (PD) has been suggested as predictor of future falling. The purpose of this study was to compare fear of falling score after two years of follow-up with those observed at baseline and to assess factors associated with change in fear of falling over time. METHODS: A total of 120 consecutive persons with PD were recruited and followed for two years. Fear of falling was assessed by using the 10-item Falls Efficacy Scale (FES)...
November 17, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145440/the-relationship-between-shift-work-and-mental-health-among-electronics-workers-in-south-korea-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Mo-Yeol Kang, Ho-Jang Kwon, Kyung-Hwa Choi, Chung-Won Kang, Hyunjoo Kim
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between shift work and mental health, particularly insomnia, depression, and suicidal ideation, among electronics production workers. METHODS: A survey was conducted with 14,226 workers from an electronics manufacturer in South Korea. After excluding 112 individuals with incomplete responses, 14,114 respondents were analyzed. As part of a larger project, we collected data on respondents' general characteristics, work-related characteristics, and health status; however, in this study, we focused on the data related to shift work and mental health...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143702/association-between-altered-neurochemical-metabolites-and-apathy-in-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#5
Yi-Chun Yeh, Chun-Wei Li, Yu-Ting Kuo, Mei-Feng Huang, Tai-Ling Liu, Twei-Shiun Jaw, Yi-Hsin Yang, Kuang-Che Kuo, Cheng-Sheng Chen
BACKGROUND: Apathy is a condition characterized by a lack of motivation that manifests in emotional, behavioral, and cognitive domains. Although previous studies have indicated that apathy is associated with frontal lesions, few studies have focused on the different subdomains of apathy, and no in vivo human biochemical data have been obtained to examine the neurochemical changes related to apathy in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Thus, we investigated the frontal neurochemical alterations related to apathy among patients with AD using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H MRS)...
November 16, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141399/factors-affecting-cognitive-function-according-to-gender-of-in-community-dwelling-elderly
#6
Kim Miwon, Jeongmo Park
Objectives: This study aimed to identify the factors affecting the cognitive function of elderly people in a community by gender. Methods: 4,878 of secondary data of people aged ≥65 years in 2016 at a dementia prevention center in Geyangu in Incheon. Data were obtained through MMSE-DS and a questionnaire. The data were statistically analyzed using analysis of variance, analysis of covariance, and hierarchical regression. Results: There were significant differences in cognitive function according to sex, and the differences were significant even when age was controlled, but gender differences disappeared when education was controlled...
November 15, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141327/-gender-differences-in-stressful-life-events-and-depression-in-chinese-adults-aged-30-79-years
#7
M Wu, J C Li, C Q Yu, Y P Chen, J Lyu, Y Guo, Z Bian, Y L Tan, P Pei, J S Chen, Z M Chen, L M Li
Objective: To investigate gender specific differences in the association between stressful life events (SLEs) and depression in Chinese adults aged 30-79 years. Methods: In the baseline survey during 2004-2008, the China Kadoorie Biobank (CKB) recruited 512 891 men and women aged 30-79 years from 10 areas of China. Detailed information on SLEs, including demographic and socio-economic status, smoking, alcohol drinking and history of chronic disease, as well as depression symptoms and major depressive episodes (MDEs) in preceding 12 months, was collected by using standardized questionnaire...
November 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140633/the-impact-of-work-demand-and-gender-on-occupational-and-psychosocial-stress-in-hispanic-farmworkers
#8
Megan TePoel, Diane Rohlman, Meagan Shaw
Hispanic farmworkers experience hazardous work conditions, language barriers, poverty, and limited healthcare access that increase their risk for health problems. We sought to characterize occupational and lifestyle stressors in farmworker couples and to examine the impact of seasonal work demand and gender on health outcomes. We administered surveys to 31 couples (N = 62) in May (low work demand) and September (high work demand) of 2012. Measures included acculturation, perceived stress, depressive symptoms, quality of life, decision latitude, support (supervisor, co-worker), and work-family conflict...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138936/working-hours-and-depressive-symptoms-over-7%C3%A2-years-evidence-from-a-korean-panel-study
#9
Seoyeon Ahn
PURPOSE: This study aims to examine how working hours influence depressive symptoms and the association between working hours and depressive symptoms differently across genders. METHOD: The sample consists of salaried workers aged 25-64 years who participated in two consecutive waves of the seven-wave Korean Welfare Panel Study (2007-2013) (n = 6813 individuals, 27,986 observations) which is a survey of a nationally representative sample of the South Korean population...
November 14, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138905/fatigue-in-familial-mediterranean-fever-and-its-relations-with-other-clinical-parameters
#10
Mehmet Tuncay Duruoz, Cagri Unal, Duygu Karali Bingul, Firat Ulutatar
Fatigue is a common problem in patients with rheumatic disease. It may cause disability and poor quality of life. The aim of this study is to investigate fatigue in FMF patients as a disabling symptom and its associations with clinical and demographic variables. FMF patients were recruited into the study according to FMF Tel Hashomer criteria. Control group is composed of healthy individuals. Demographic and clinical features of the patients including PRAS scores were noted. Visual analogue score of pain (VAS-pain) and VAS-fatigue were used as clinical parameters...
November 14, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137173/psychiatric-disorders-differently-correlate-with-physical-self-rated-health-across-ethnic-groups
#11
Shervin Assari
In this study, we compared 10 ethnic groups for associations between psychiatric disorders and physical self-rated health (SRH) in the United States. Data came from the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys (CPES), 2001-2003. The study included 7587 non-Latino White, 4746 African American, 1442 Mexican, 1106 other Hispanic, 656 other Asian, 600 Chinese, 577 Cuban, 520 Vietnamese, 508 Filipino, and 495 Puerto Rican individuals. The Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) was used to measure psychiatric disorders, including major depressive disorder (MDD), general anxiety disorder (GAD), social phobia, panic disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), alcohol abuse, and binge eating disorders...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Personalized Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136603/prolonged-grief-reactions-after-old-age-spousal-loss-and-centrality-of-the-loss-in-post-loss-identity
#12
Lena Eckholdt, Lynn Watson, Maja O'Connor
BACKGROUND: The loss of a spouse is a major life event. Previous research found that centrality of the loss to one's identity using Centrality of Event Scale (CES) is related to complicated bereavement reactions, such as depression, posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTS), and prolonged grief symptoms (PGS). This study aims to examine loss-centrality in elderly bereaved people up to 4 years post loss, to determine the relation of loss-centrality to complicated bereavement reactions, such as PGS, depression, and PTS, and to identify early predictors of loss-centrality...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136228/opioid-prescription-use-in-nursing-home-residents-with-advanced-dementia
#13
Charlotte Griffioen, Bettina S Husebo, Elisabeth Flo, Monique A A Caljouw, Wilco P Achterberg
Background: Although proper pain treatment may require opioids, discussion continues about possible undertreatment or overtreatment in persons with advanced dementia. Objective: To investigate the prevalence of pain, frequency of opioid prescription use, and factors associated with strong opioid prescription use in nursing homes. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting and Subjects: Eighteen Norwegian nursing homes; 327 persons with advanced dementia and behavioral disturbances participated...
November 9, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136103/personality-and-primary-emotional-traits-disentangling-multiple-sclerosis-related-fatigue-and-depression
#14
Cornelia Sindermann, Jochen Saliger, Jörn Nielsen, Hans Karbe, Sebastian Markett, Maria Stavrou, Christian Montag
Objective: It remains an unresolved research objective to clarify the overlap/association between fatigue (especially its cognitive facet) and depression in People with MS (PwMS). Therefore, in this study the patterns of personality and primary emotional traits (PETs) associated with each (motoric/cognitive fatigue and depression in PwMS) were investigated and compared in order to disentangle the three constructs in PwMS. Additionally, differences in personality and PETs between PwMS and healthy controls (HC) were examined...
November 9, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135294/-study-of-socio-demographic-factors-in-the-treatment-of-unipolar-major-depression-in-a-follow-up-clinical-trial
#15
Melinda Ferencz, Sándor Csibi, József Gabos Grecu
INTRODUCTION: Depression is one of the most widespread illnesses of our time, currently affecting more than 300 million people worldwide. Literature identifies several socio-demographic risk factors in the development of the depression. AIM: We aim to examine the socio-demographic factors involved in the remission of clinically diagnosed unipolar major depression. METHOD: Data collection was performed during 2016, at the 1st Psychiatric Clinic from Tirgu Mures...
October 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133948/increased-hippocampal-tail-volume-predicts-depression-status-and-remission-to-anti-depressant-medications-in-major-depression
#16
J J Maller, K Broadhouse, A J Rush, E Gordon, S Koslow, S M Grieve
Studies of patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) have consistently reported reduced hippocampal volumes; however, the exact pattern of these volume changes in specific anatomical subfields and their functional significance is unclear. We sought to clarify the relationship between hippocampal tail volumes and (i) a diagnosis of MDD, and (ii) clinical remission to anti-depressant medications (ADMs). Outpatients with nonpsychotic MDD (n=202) based on DSM-IV criteria and a 17-item Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HRSD17) score ⩾16 underwent pretreatment magnetic resonance imaging as part of the international Study to Predict Optimized Treatment for Depression (iSPOT-D)...
November 14, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133231/distinct-inflammatory-response-patterns-are-evident-among-men-and-women-with-higher-depressive-symptoms
#17
Marzieh Majd, Jennifer E Graham-Engeland, Joshua M Smyth, Martin J Sliwinski, Richard B Lipton, Mindy J Katz, Christopher G Engeland
Extensive research links depression and inflammation, with emerging evidence suggesting some differences between males and females in these associations. However, relatively few studies have examined stimulated inflammatory responses (ex vivo) in depression. The present research investigated the associations between depressive symptoms, basal inflammation, and LPS-stimulated production of pro- (IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α) and an anti-inflammatory cytokine (IL-10), with a focus on the extent to which gender moderates these relationships...
November 10, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132951/school-based-health-centers-depression-and-suicide-risk-among-adolescents
#18
Mallie J Paschall, Melina Bersamin
INTRODUCTION: This study examined whether increasing availability of mental health services at school-based health centers in Oregon public schools would be associated with a decrease in the likelihood of depressive episodes and suicide risk among adolescents. METHODS: The study included 168 Oregon public schools that participated in the Oregon Healthy Teens Survey in 2013 and 2015. Twenty-five schools had a school-based health center, and 14 of those schools increased the availability of mental health services from 2013 to 2015...
November 10, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132334/is-perfect-good-dimensions-of-perfectionism-in-newly-admitted-medical-students
#19
Helen Seeliger, Sigrid Harendza
BACKGROUND: Society expects physicians to perform perfectly but high levels of perfectionism are associated with symptoms of distress in medical students. This study investigated whether medical students admitted to medical school by different selection criteria differ in the occurrence of perfectionism. METHODS: Newly enrolled undergraduate medical students (n = 358) filled out the following instruments: Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (MPS-H), Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (MPS-F), Big Five Inventory (BFI-10), General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSE), Patient Health Questionnaire 9 (PHQ-9), and Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7 (GAD-7)...
November 13, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131079/are-inflammatory-cytokines-associated-with-pain-during-acute-myocardial-infarction
#20
Laurin Imholz, Rebecca E Meister-Langraf, Mary Princip, Michaela Fux, Ulrich Schnyder, Jürgen Barth, Hansjörg Znoj, Jean-Paul Schmid, Roland von Känel
OBJECTIVE: Pain and inflammation during acute myocardial infarction (AMI) have been associated with the development of posttraumatic stress disorder and may also impact negatively on somatic outcome. We investigated the relationship between pain during AMI and levels of circulating proinflammatory (tumor necrosis factor [TNF]-α, interleukin [IL]-6) and anti-inflammatory (IL-33 and tissue growth factor [TGF]-β1) cytokines. METHODS: Data were collected as part of the Myocardial Infarction - Stress Prevention Intervention (MI-SPRINT) study...
November 4, 2017: Neuroimmunomodulation
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