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depression and gender

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334514/monitoring-depression-rates-in-an-urban-community-use-of-electronic-health-records
#1
Arthur J Davidson, Stanley Xu, Carlos Irwin A Oronce, M Josh Durfee, Emily V McCormick, John F Steiner, Edward Havranek, Arne Beck
OBJECTIVES: Depression is the most common mental health disorder and mediates outcomes for many chronic diseases. Ability to accurately identify and monitor this condition, at the local level, is often limited to estimates from national surveys. This study sought to compare and validate electronic health record (EHR)-based depression surveillance with multiple data sources for more granular demographic subgroup and subcounty measurements. DESIGN/SETTING: A survey compared data sources for the ability to provide subcounty (eg, census tract [CT]) depression prevalence estimates...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334291/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-hyperprolactinemia-among-patients-with-various-psychiatric-diagnoses-and-medications
#2
Fahad D Alosaimi, Ebtihaj O Fallata, Mohammed Abalhassan, Abdulhadi Alhabbad, Nasser Alzain, Bandar Alhaddad, Mohammed Z Alassiry
OBJECTIVES: Hyperprolactinemia is a common adverse event associated with psychotropic medications (mainly antipsychotics) used in the management of schizophrenia and bipolar disorders. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of hyperprolactinemia in psychiatric patients and to evaluate its association with various psychiatric diagnoses and the use of various psychotropic medications. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study was conducted between July 2012 and June 2014...
January 15, 2018: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334233/perceived-discrimination-and-mental-health-among-older-african-americans-the-role-of-psychological-well-being
#3
Eunkyung Yoon, Corvell Coburn, Susie A Spence
OBJECTIVES: Examine the effect of perceived discrimination (both racial and non-racial) on the mental health of older African Americans and explore the buffering role of psychological well-being (purpose in life and self-acceptance). METHODS: Using an older African American subsample from the National Health Measurement Study (n = 397), multiple regression model by gender was used to estimate the effects of two types of discrimination (every day and lifetime) on SF-36 mental component and mediating role of two concepts of psychological well-being...
January 15, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334226/ethnic-youth-and-sexual-identity-the-role-of-clinical-and-social-support-for-double-minorities
#4
Nicole Wong, David B Menkes
OBJECTIVES: Sexual-minority youth exhibit increased rates of psychiatric morbidity, subject to various social factors. We examine the impact of ethnicity and culture on these phenomena, with particular reference to Asian youth living in Western societies. CONCLUSIONS: Youth from minority ethnic groups who do not identify with their native gender and/or who are not exclusively heterosexual are known as 'double minorities'. Available evidence suggests that such individuals are at particularly increased risk of depression and suicide, but that this may be mitigated by social support...
January 1, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334035/neural-correlates-of-ostracism-in-transgender-persons-living-according-to-their-gender-identity-a-potential-risk-marker-for-psychopathology
#5
Sven C Mueller, Katrien Wierckx, Sara Boccadoro, Guy T'Sjoen
BACKGROUND: Stigmatization in society carries a high risk for development of psychopathology. Transgender persons are at particularly high risk for such stigmatization and social rejection by others. However, the neural correlates of ostracism in this group have not been captured. METHOD: Twenty transgender men (TM, female-to-male) and 19 transgender women (TW, male-to-female) already living in their gender identity and 20 cisgender men (CM) and 20 cisgender women (CW) completed a cyberball task assessing both exclusion and re-inclusion during functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)...
January 15, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332683/insomnia-in-primary-care-a-study-from-india
#6
T S Jaisoorya, Ajit Bhalchandra Dahale, Kumar G Sunil, L Manoj, G R Gokul, K Thennarassu
OBJECTIVES: To study the prevalence and clinical correlates of insomnia among a sample of primary care attendees, in the state of Kerala, India. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Primary care. PARTICIPANTS: 7017 adult patients [18-60 years] attending 71 primary health centers selected by cluster random sampling. MEASUREMENTS: Patients were assessed for insomnia using the Insomnia Severity Index...
February 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332099/association-between-the-intron-8-vntr-polymorphism-of-the-dat1-gene-and-crack-cocaine-addiction
#7
Anderson R Stolf, Diana Müller, Jaqueline B Schuch, Gláucia C Akutagava-Martins, Luciano S P Guimaraes, Claudia M Szobot, Ricardo Halpern, Felix H P Kessler, Flavio Pechansky, Tatiana Roman
BACKGROUND: This study aims to compare allele and genotype frequencies of a 30-bp variable number of tandem repeats (VNTR) polymorphism of the DAT1 gene, located at intron 8, between adult crack cocaine users and nonaddicted individuals. Due to its involvement in drug addiction, this gene is a good candidate for molecular studies. METHODS: A cross-sectional sample of 239 current adult crack abusers or dependents from in- and outpatient clinics and 211 control individuals was collected in Brazil...
January 12, 2018: Neuropsychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331704/mindfulness-based-interventions-for-major-depressive-disorder-a-comprehensive-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#8
Yuan-Yuan Wang, Xiao-Hong Li, Wei Zheng, Zi-Yan Xu, Chee H Ng, Gabor S Ungvari, Zhen Yuan, Yu-Tao Xiang
BACKGROUND: This is a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) for a current episode of major depressive disorder. METHODS: Both English (PubMed, PsycINFO, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases) and Chinese (WanFang and CNKI) databases were systematically and independently searched. Standardized mean differences (SMDs) and risk ratio (RR) ± their 95% confidence intervals (CIs) based on the random effects model were calculated...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331161/hormone-therapy-gender-affirmation-surgery-and-their-association-with-recent-suicidal-ideation-and-depression-symptoms-in-transgender-veterans
#9
Raymond P Tucker, Rylan J Testa, Tracy L Simpson, Jillian C Shipherd, John R Blosnich, Keren Lehavot
BACKGROUND: Access to transition-related medical interventions (TRMIs) for transgender veterans has been the subject of substantial public interest and debate. To better inform these important conversations, the current study investigated whether undergoing hormone or surgical transition intervention(s) relates to the frequency of recent suicidal ideation (SI) and symptoms of depression in transgender veterans. METHODS: This study included a cross-sectional, national sample of 206 self-identified transgender veterans...
January 14, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330733/intergenerational-continuity-in-depression-the-importance-of-time-varying-effects-maternal-co-morbid-health-risk-behaviors-and-child-s-gender
#10
Megan Bears Augustyn, Celia J Fulco, Kimberly L Henry
Intergenerational continuity in depressive symptoms is well established between mother and child, but there are still important facets of this relationship that are underexplored. We examine intergenerational continuity in depressive symptoms between mother-child dyads as a flexible function of child age and account for the potential moderating role of maternal co-morbid health risk behaviors. Using prospective, self-report data collected yearly from 413 mother-child dyads (210 mother-son dyads and 203 mother-daughter dyads) between child ages 12-17, the results indicate that the effect of maternal depressive symptoms on daughters' depressive symptoms steadily increases throughout adolescence whereas the effect of maternal depressive symptoms on sons' depressive symptoms is relatively small, stable, and non-significant during mid-adolescence before increasing in effect in later adolescence...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329793/drug-use-family-support-and-related-factors-in-university-students-a-cross-sectional-study-based-on-the-unihcos-project-data
#11
Jorge Arias-De la Torre, Tania Fernández-Villa, Antonio José Molina, Carmen Amezcua-Prieto, Ramona Mateos, José María Cancela, Miguel Delgado-Rodríguez, Rocío Ortíz-Moncada, Juan Alguacil, Ana Almaraz, Inés Gómez-Acebo, María Morales Suárez-Varela, Gemma Blázquez-Abellán, Eladio Jiménez-Mejías, Luis Félix Valero, Carlos Ayán, Laura Vilorio-Marqués, Rocío Olmedo-Requena, Vicente Martín
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of illegal drug use in college students on any previous occasion, during the previous year and the previous month, and to analyze the relationship between illegal drug use and family support and other factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional study using data from students participating in the uniHcos project (n = 3767) was conducted. The prevalence and age of onset of consumption of cannabis, non-prescription sedatives, stimulants and depressants was evaluated...
January 9, 2018: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329597/does-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-alter-mental-defeat-and-cognitive-flexibility-in-patients-with-panic-disorder
#12
Shinobu Nagata, Yoichi Seki, Takayuki Shibuya, Mizue Yokoo, Tomokazu Murata, Yoichi Hiramatsu, Fuminori Yamada, Hanae Ibuki, Noriko Minamitani, Naoki Yoshinaga, Muga Kusunoki, Yasushi Inada, Nobuko Kawasoe, Soichiro Adachi, Keiko Oshiro, Daisuke Matsuzawa, Yoshiyuki Hirano, Kensuke Yoshimura, Michiko Nakazato, Masaomi Iyo, Akiko Nakagawa, Eiji Shimizu
OBJECTIVE: Mental defeat and cognitive flexibility have been studied as explanatory factors for depression and posttraumatic stress disorder. This study examined mental defeat and cognitive flexibility scores in patients with panic disorder (PD) before and after cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), and compared them to those of a gender- and age-matched healthy control group. RESULTS: Patients with PD (n = 15) received 16 weekly individual CBT sessions, and the control group (n = 35) received no treatment...
January 12, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329363/validity-of-teleneuropsychological-assessment-in-older-patients-with-cognitive-disorders
#13
Hannah E Wadsworth, Kaltra Dhima, Kyle B Womack, John Hart, Myron F Weiner, Linda S Hynan, C Munro Cullum
Objective: The feasibility and reliability of neuropsychological assessment at a distance have been demonstrated, but the validity of this testing medium has not been adequately demonstrated. The purpose of this study was to determine the ability of video teleconferencing administration of neuropsychological measures (teleneuropsychology) in discriminating cognitively impaired from non-impaired groups of older adults. It was predicted that measures administered via video teleconference would distinguish groups and that the magnitude of differences between impaired and non-impaired groups would be similar to group differences achieved in traditional administration...
January 10, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327446/current-and-military-specific-gender-minority-stress-factors-and-their-relationship-with-suicide-ideation-in-transgender-veterans
#14
Raymond P Tucker, Rylan J Testa, Mark A Reger, Tracy L Simpson, Jillian C Shipherd, Keren Lehavot
Research suggests the prevalence of suicide ideation and suicide attempts in the transgender veteran community may be upwards of 20 times higher than nontransgender veterans, who are known to be at increased risk than the general US population. This study aimed to understand the potential influence of external and internal minority stress experienced during and after military service on past-year and recent suicide ideation in a sample of 201 transgender veterans. Nonparametric bootstrapping analyses indicated past-year transgender-specific discrimination and rejection (external minority stress) indirectly predicted frequency of both past-year and past 2-week suicide ideation through past-year shame related to gender identity (internal minority stress)...
January 12, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327338/national-norms-for-the-expanded-version-of-the-inventory-of-depression-and-anxiety-symptoms-idas-ii
#15
Graham H Nelson, Michael W O'Hara, David Watson
OBJECTIVES: The present study developed normative data for the expanded version of the Inventory of Depression and Anxiety Symptoms (IDAS-II). The IDAS-II is a self-report measure containing 18 factor-analytically derived scales, each assessing a specific symptom of internalizing disorders, including depression, anxiety disorders, OCD, bipolar disorder, and PTSD. These normative data were used to examine group differences in internalizing symptoms across demographic characteristics. METHOD: A total of 1,836 Mechanical Turk users (47...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327173/personality-traits-patient-centered-health-status-and-prognosis-of-brain-tumor-patients
#16
Adomas Bunevicius
Personality traits can be related to prognosis of cancer patients. The study aimed to evaluate the association of big-five personality dimensions with emotional and cognitive health status, and prognosis of brain tumor patients. A total of 178 patients admitted for brain tumor surgery were evaluated for personality traits (Tem item Personality Inventory), depressive/anxiety symptoms (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale or HADS) and cognitive functioning (Mini Mental State Examination or MMSE) on admission...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323557/neuropsychological-assessment-of-412-hiv-infected-individuals-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#17
Maria Rita Polo Gascón, José Ernesto Vidal, Yolanda Marques Mazzaro, Jerusa Smid, Rosa Maria Nascimento Marcusso, Claudio Garcia Capitão, Elizeu Macedo Coutinho, Glaucia Rosana Guerra Benute, Mara Cristina Souza De Lucia, Augusto César Penalva de Oliveira
HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) remain frequent even among individuals receiving combined antiretroviral therapy (cART). In addition, HAND may adversely affect the quality of life and adherence to cART. There is scarce epidemiological information about HAND in Latin America. This cross-sectional study recruited HIV-infected patients from a tertiary teaching institution in São Paulo, Brazil, between May 2013 and February 2015. The patients were adults with at least 4 years of education and patients with current neurological or psychiatric diseases were excluded...
January 2018: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322858/epidemiology-of-mental-health-conditions-in-incoming-division-i-collegiate-athletes
#18
Nikolas Sarac, Benjamin Sarac, Angela Pedroza, James Borchers
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to examine the epidemiology of mental health conditions in incoming American Division I collegiate athletes. METHODS: Pre-participation physical questionnaires from 1118 incoming student athletes at a Division I Institution were collected retrospectively from 2011-2017. Data collected included lifetime history of any mental health condition, musculoskeletal injuries, concussions, and post-concussion depression. History of any mental health condition was evaluated by gender and sport played...
January 11, 2018: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322586/functional-connectivity-predicts-gender-evidence-for-gender-differences-in-resting-brain-connectivity
#19
Chao Zhang, Chase C Dougherty, Stefi A Baum, Tonya White, Andrew M Michael
Prevalence of certain forms of psychopathology, such as autism and depression, differs between genders and understanding gender differences of the neurotypical brain may provide insights into risk and protective factors. In recent research, resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rfMRI) is widely used to map the inherent functional networks of the brain. Although previous studies have reported gender differences in rfMRI, the robustness of gender differences is not well characterized. In this study, we use a large data set to test whether rfMRI functional connectivity (FC) can be used to predict gender and identify FC features that are most predictive of gender...
January 10, 2018: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322342/alcohol-and-disease-activity-in-axial-spondyloarthritis-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Sizheng Zhao, Daniel Thong, Stephen J Duffield, David Hughes, Nicola J Goodson
The objective of this study was to explore associations between alcohol consumption and disease activity in axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA). We conducted a cross-sectional study of axSpA participants meeting the ASAS criteria. Associations between self-reported current alcohol use and disease activity (BASDAI, spinal pain, ASDAS), functional impairment (BASFI), and quality of life were explored using multivariable linear models, adjusting for age, gender, symptom duration, use of TNF inhibition therapy, smoking, deprivation, and anxiety and depression (A&D)...
January 10, 2018: Rheumatology International
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