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depression and gender

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717365/behavioural-problems-in-children-with-46xy-disorders-of-sex-development
#1
Nalini M Selveindran, Syed Zulkifli Syed Zakaria, Muhammad Yazid Jalaludin, Rahmah Rasat
The aim of this study is to determine the behavioural problems of children with 46XY disorders of sex development (DSD) with genital ambiguity and to identify the risk factors that may influence behaviour. The 27 participants (aged 6-18 years) consisted of 21 patients raised as boys and 6 patients raised as girls. Control data were obtained from a representative sibling of each patient who was matched for age and gender. The study tool used was the Child Behaviour Checklist (CBCL), which is a parent-administered questionnaire...
2017: International Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716041/potentially-inappropriate-home-medications-among-older-patients-with-cardiovascular-disease-admitted-to-a-cardiology-service-in-usa
#2
Marwan Sheikh-Taha, Hani Dimassi
BACKGROUND: The use of potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) may pose more risks than benefits to patients and is a major factor contributing to the likelihood of serious adverse drug reactions and negative health outcomes among older patients. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted in a tertiary care center in USA where home medications of the older patients were reviewed and analyzed upon hospital admission over three months, from March till May 2016...
July 17, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715478/loneliness-is-adversely-associated-with-physical-and-mental-health-and-lifestyle-factors-results-from-a-swiss-national-survey
#3
Aline Richard, Sabine Rohrmann, Caroline L Vandeleur, Margareta Schmid, Jürgen Barth, Monika Eichholzer
INTRODUCTION: Loneliness is a common, emotionally distressing experience and is associated with adverse physical and mental health and an unhealthy lifestyle. Nevertheless, little is known about the prevalence of loneliness in different age groups in Switzerland. Furthermore, the existing evidence about age and gender as potential effect modifiers of the associations between loneliness, physical and mental health and lifestyle characteristics warrants further investigation. Thus, the aim of the study was to examine the prevalence of loneliness among adults in Switzerland and to assess the associations of loneliness with several physical and mental health and behavioral factors, as well as to assess the modifying effect of sex and age...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714708/ethnic-identity-in-context-of-ethnic-discrimination-when-does-gender-and-other-group-orientation-increase-risk-for-depressive-symptoms-for-immigrant-origin-young-adults
#4
M Alexander Thibeault, Gabriela L Stein, Rosemery O Nelson-Gray
OBJECTIVES: Ethnic discrimination increases risk for depressive symptoms, but less is known about factors that influence the impact of this cultural challenge on psychological adjustment for immigrant-origin college students. Sociocultural identity development is especially relevant during emerging adulthood. Studies examining exacerbating or buffering impacts of ethnic identity have yielded mixed results. The current study examines conditions under which one aspect of ethnic identity, affirmation/belonging, moderates the impact of perceived ethnic discrimination stress on depressive symptoms...
July 17, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714575/rate-and-predictors-of-conversion-from-unipolar-to-bipolar-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Lars Vedel Kessing, Inge Willer, Per Kragh Andersen, Jens Drachman Bukh
OBJECTIVES: For the first time to present a systematic review and meta-analysis of the conversion rate and predictors of conversion from unipolar disorder to bipolar disorder. METHODS: A systematic literature search up to October 2016 was performed. For the meta-analysis, we only included studies that used survival analysis to estimate the conversion rate. RESULTS: A total of 31 studies were identified, among which 11 used survival analyses, including two register-based studies...
July 17, 2017: Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713332/childhood-maltreatment-is-an-independent-risk-factor-for-prediabetic-disturbances-in-glucose-regulation
#6
Li Li, W Timothy Garvey, Barbara A Gower
AIMS: Childhood maltreatment (CM) is shown to be associated with obesity and depression. However, the relationship of CM to prediabetic state is much less studied. We tested the hypothesis that CM increases the risk for prediabetic state due to glucose intolerance, reduced insulin sensitivity, and beta cell function. METHODS: Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT)-derived metabolic parameters of glucose tolerance, insulin sensitivity, and beta cell function were measured in 121 participants aged 19-60 years...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712864/thermal-comfort-zone-of-the-hands-feet-and-head-in-males-and-females
#7
Urša Ciuha, Igor B Mekjavic
INTRODUCTION: The present study compared the thermal comfort zones (TCZ) of the hands, feet and head in eight male and eight female participants, assessed with water-perfused segments (WPS). METHODS: On separate occasions, and separated by a minimum of one day, participants were requested to regulate the temperature of three distal skin regions (hands, feet and head) within their TCZ. On each occasion they donned a specific water-perfused segment (WPS), either gloves, socks or hood for assessing the TCZ of the hands, feet and head, respectively...
July 13, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712595/health-related-issues-in-latina-youth-racial-ethnic-gender-and-generational-status-differences
#8
Geraldy Martin-Gutierrez, Jan L Wallander, Anna V Song, Marc N Elliott, Susan R Tortolero, Mark A Schuster
PURPOSE: Few studies have examined the early development of a broad range of health issues of importance in adolescence in Latina (female) youth, despite their being potentially a vulnerable group. This study compared suicide and depressive symptoms, substance use, violence exposure, injury prevention, obesity, and health-related quality of life among Latina, African-American, and white females as well as Latino (male) youth in fifth grade, as well as differences related to immigrant generational status for Latinas...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712423/anxiety-and-depression-in-patients-three-months-after-myocardial-infarction-association-with-markers-of-coagulation-and-the-relevance-of-age
#9
Franziska Geiser, Anne Sarah Urbach, Ursula Harbrecht, Rupert Conrad, Bernd Pötzsch, Nele Amann, Katharina Kiesewetter, Alexandra Sieke, Kyra Wolffs, Dirk Skowasch
OBJECTIVE: Anxiety and depression are associated with an activation of coagulation and an impairment of fibrinolysis, which may contribute to the increased cardiovascular risk associated with the two disorders. However, very few studies have examined the impact of psychological distress on coagulation factors in coronary artery disease patients. The aim of this study was to assess the correlation between anxiety/depression and factors of coagulation and fibrinolysis in patients who had suffered an acute MI three months prior...
August 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712000/predictors-of-weight-loss-in-early-treated-parkinson-s-disease-from-the-net-pd-ls-1-cohort
#10
Anne-Marie Wills, Ruosha Li, Adriana Pérez, Xuehan Ren, James Boyd
Weight loss is a common symptom of Parkinson's disease and is associated with impaired quality of life. Predictors of weight loss have not been studied in large clinical cohorts. We previously observed an association between change in body mass index and change in Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) motor and total scores. In this study, we performed a secondary analysis of longitudinal data (1-6 years) from 1619 participants in the NINDS Exploratory Trials in PD Long-term Study-1 (NET-PD LS1) to explore predictors of weight loss in a large prospective clinical trial cohort of early treated Parkinson's disease...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711621/length-of-axons-expressing-the-serotonin-transporter-in-orbitofrontal-cortex-is-lower-with-age-in-depression
#11
Grazyna Rajkowska, Gouri Mahajan, Beata Legutko, Lavanya Challagundla, Michael Griswold, Paul R Albert, Mireille Daigle, Jose J Miguel-Hidalgo, Mark C Austin, Randy D Blakely, David C Steffens, Craig A Stockmeier
Studies of major depressive disorder (MDD) in postmortem brain tissue report enhanced binding to inhibitory serotonin-1A autoreceptors in midbrain dorsal raphe and reductions in length of axons expressing the serotonin transporter (SERT) in dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. The length density of axons expressing SERT in the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) was determined in 18 subjects with MDD and 17 age-matched control subjects. A monoclonal antibody was used to immunohistochemically label the SERT in fixed sections of OFC...
July 12, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711537/increased-risk-of-anxiety-or-depression-after-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury-in-patients-with-pre-existing-hyperlipidemia-a-population-based-study
#12
Sher-Wei Lim, Tee-Tau Eric Nyam, Chung-Han Ho, Yow-Ling Shiue, Jhi-Joung Wang, Chung-Ching Chio, Jinn-Rung Kuo
OBJECTIVE: Anxiety or depression (AD) is a common complication after traumatic spinal cord injury (tSCI). This study sought to investigate the role of pre-existing hyperlipidemia in new-onset AD after tSCI using a longitudinal population database. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study used Longitudinal Health Insurance Database data from January 1997 to December 2011. The case and comparison groups were individuals who experienced tSCI and who did and did not have pre-existing hyperlipidemia, respectively...
July 12, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711192/predictors-of-anxiety-in-early-stage-parkinson-s-disease-results-from-the-first-two-years-of-a-prospective-cohort-study
#13
Sonja Rutten, Peter M van der Ven, Daniel Weintraub, Gregory M Pontone, Albert F G Leentjens, Henk W Berendse, Ysbrand D van der Werf, Odile A van den Heuvel
AIM: Anxiety has a negative impact on daily functioning and quality of life in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). This study aims at assessing which sociodemographic and clinical characteristics predict the course of anxiety in early PD. METHODS: The participants of this two-year prospective cohort study were recently diagnosed PD patients not receiving psychiatric medications or dopamine replacement therapy at baseline. Assessments were performed annually after baseline...
July 5, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710952/indices-of-insulin-resistance-and-glucotoxicity-are-not-associated-with-bipolar-disorder-or-major-depressive-disorder-but-are-differently-associated-with-inflammatory-oxidative-and-nitrosative-biomarkers
#14
Kamila Landucci Bonifácio, Décio Sabbatini Barbosa, Estefânia Gastaldello Moreira, Carine Coneglian de Farias, Luciana Higachi, Alissana Ester Iakmiu Camargo, Janaina Favaro Soares, Heber Odebrecht Vargas, Sandra Odebrecht Vargas Nunes, Michael Berk, Seetal Dodd, Michael Maes
BACKGROUND: Insulin resistance (IR) is a key factor in diabetes mellitus, metabolic syndrome (MetS) and obesity and may occur in mood disorders and tobacco use disorder (TUD), where disturbances of immune-inflammatory, oxidative and nitrosative stress (IO&NS) pathways are important shared pathophysiological pathways. METHODS: This study aimed to a) examine IR and β-cell function as measured by the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and insulin sensitivity and β cell function (HOMA-B) and glucotoxicity (conceptualized as increased glucose levels versus lowered HOMA-B values) in 74 participants with major depressive disorder (MDD) and bipolar disorder, with and or without MetS and TUD, versus 46 healthy controls, and b) whether IR is associated with IO&NS biomarkers, including nitric oxide metabolites (NOx), lipid hydroperoxides (LOOH), plasma advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP), C-reactive protein (CRP), haptoglobin (Hp) and uric acid...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710030/differences-of-sympathetic-and-parasympathetic-modulation-in-major-depression
#15
Andy Schumann, Caroline Andrack, Karl-Jürgen Bär
Inconsistent results have been reported with respect to cardiac autonomic function in major depression. The aim of our study was to investigate autonomic function in various branches of the autonomic nervous system in order to better understand parasympathetic and sympathetic modulation in the disease. We investigated 29 unmedicated patients suffering from major depression (MD) in comparison to matched control subjects (gender, age, BMI). The autonomic assessment at rest included values of heart rate variability (HRV), blood pressure variability (BPV), baroreflex sensitivity (BRS), respiration, skin conductance (SC) as well as the calculation of pupillary diameter and the unrest index (PUI)...
July 11, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709755/validity-and-usefulness-of-the-hospital-anxiety-and-depression-scale-in-carers-of-people-with-dementia-evidence-from-confirmatory-factor-analysis-concurrent-validity-and-measurement-invariance-in-a-large-sample
#16
Joshua Stott, Martin Orrell, Georgina Charlesworth
OBJECTIVE: The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) is a self-report measure of anxiety and depression. It is recommended for clinical assessment and has been used as the primary outcome in large clinical trials with carers of people with dementia. Its validity and utility have never been examined in this population. The current study addresses this. METHODS: In a secondary analysis of baseline data from a recent intervention trial (N = 284) with cross-validation in baseline data from a second trial (N = 230), the authors used confirmatory factor analysis to test whether a one-, two-, or three-factor structure best fit the data and used indices of model misspecification to respecify...
June 7, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709118/combat-exposure-and-pain-in-male-and-female-afghanistan-and-iraq-veterans-the-role-of-mediators-and-moderators
#17
Melissa M Buttner, Kathryn M Godfrey, Elizabeth Floto, James Pittman, Laurie Lindamer, Niloofar Afari
Veterans experience physical health problems associated with disability and poor quality of life following combat exposure (CE). Understanding the CE-physical health relationship, specifically pain intensity and somatic pain, may inform etiological models and interventions. This study examined the CE-pain relationship, associated mediators, and gender as a moderator. 2381 veterans at the VA San Diego Healthcare System completed paper or electronic self-report measures of pain intensity and somatic pain. Analyses examined associations of pain with CE and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and resilience as mediators of the CE-pain association...
July 3, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709078/insomnia-in-people-with-epilepsy-a-review-of-insomnia-prevalence-risk-factors-and-associations-with-epilepsy-related-factors
#18
REVIEW
Philippe Joaquim Oliveira Menezes Macêdo, Pedro Sudbrack de Oliveira, Nancy Foldvary-Schaefer, Marleide da Mota Gomes
BACKGROUND: Insomnia is a common sleep complaint in the general population, and sleep loss may be a trigger for epileptic seizures. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a comprehensive review of the literature of insomnia symptoms and insomnia disorder, their prevalence and epilepsy-related risk factors in people with epilepsy (PWE). METHODS: A PUBMED search was performed for articles indexed to June 2016 involving human subjects, excluding papers in languages other than English, Spanish and Portuguese and case reports...
June 3, 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708121/sex-differences-in-the-relationship-between-sleep-behavior-fish-consumption-and-depressive-symptoms-in-the-general-population-of-south-korea
#19
Atin Supartini, Taro Oishi, Nobuyuki Yagi
Sleep, fish consumption, and depression have a close relationship; however, the role of sex differences in sleep, fish consumption, and depression research is not yet well-established. This study aimed to examine whether the impact of bedtime, sleep-onset latency, sleep duration, sleep quality, and fish consumption on depressive symptoms differed in women and men. An online survey was conducted in South Korea with a stratified random sample of 600 participants between the ages of 20 and 69, whose gender and age were proportional to estimates of Korea's general population...
July 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705379/prognostic-usefulness-of-cardiopulmonary-exercise-testing-for-managing-patients-with-severe-aortic-stenosis
#20
Van D Le, Gunnar V Jensen, Lars Kjøller-Hansen
The approach to managing asymptomatic or questionably symptomatic patients for aortic stenosis is difficult. We aimed to determine whether cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) is prognostically useful in such patients. Patients judged asymptomatic or questionably symptomatic for aortic stenosis with aortic valve area index <0.6 cm(2)/m(2) and left ventricular ejection fraction ≥0.50 were managed conservatively provided they had either (group 1) normal peak oxygen consumption and peak oxygen pulse (>83% and >95% of the predicted values, respectively) or (group 2) subnormal peak oxygen consumption or peak oxygen pulse but with CPET data pointing to pathologies other than hemodynamic compromise from aortic stenosis...
June 15, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
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