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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912908/childhood-sexual-abuse-and-substance-abuse-a-gender-paradox
#1
Lil Tonmyr, Margot Shields
We examine associations between childhood sexual abuse (CSA) and substance abuse, the role of mental health indicators as mediators in these associations and whether or not associations differ by gender. Data are from 14,063 respondents aged 18-76 years from the 2004-2005 Canadian Gender, Alcohol, and Culture: An International Study (GENACIS). Multiple logistic regression models were used to examine associations between CSA and substance abuse variables, controlling for socio-demographic factors. Odds were adjusted by indicators of mental health to assess if these variables mediated associations between CSA and substance abuse...
November 29, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911342/impulsive-and-compulsive-behaviors-in%C3%A2-parkinson-disease-the-norwegian-parkwest-study
#2
Aleksander H Erga, Guido Alves, Jan Petter Larsen, Ole Bj Rn Tysnes, Kenn Freddy Pedersen
BACKGROUND: Impulsive and compulsive behaviors (ICBs) are frequent in Parkinson's disease (PD), but data from population-based cohorts is lacking. OBJECTIVES: To determine the frequency and associated demographic, clinical, neuropsychiatric and cognitive features of ICBs in a population-based PD cohort. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 125 patients with PD and 159 age- and gender-matched normal controls recruited from the Norwegian ParkWest study...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Parkinson's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909451/gender-differences-in-somatic-symptoms-and-current-suicidal-risk-in-outpatients-with-major-depressive-disorder
#3
Hong Jin Jeon, Jong-Min Woo, Hyo-Jin Kim, Maurizio Fava, David Mischoulon, Seong Jin Cho, Sung Man Chang, Doo-Heum Park, Jong Woo Kim, Ikki Yoo, Jung-Yoon Heo, Jin Pyo Hong
OBJECTIVE: Although somatic symptoms are common complaints of patients with major depressive disorder (MDD), their associations with suicide are still unclear. METHODS: A total of 811 MDD outpatients of aged between 18 to 64 years were enrolled nationwide in Korea with the suicidality module of the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) and the Depression and Somatic Symptom Scale (DSSS). RESULTS: On stepwise regression analysis, current suicidality scores were most strongly associated with chest pain in men, and neck or shoulder pain in women...
November 2016: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907913/screening-younger-individuals-in-a-primary-care-setting-flags-putative-dementia-cases-and-correlates-gastrointestinal-diseases-with-poor-cognitive-performance
#4
Ilka M Rosa, Ana Gabriela Henriques, Liliana Carvalho, Joana Oliveira, Odete A B da Cruz E Silva
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Diagnosing dementia is challenging in many primary care settings, given the limited human resources and the lack of current diagnostic tools. With this in mind, a primary care-based cohort was established in the Aveiro district of Portugal. METHODS: A total of 568 participants were evaluated using cognitive tests and APOE genotyping. RESULTS: The findings revealed a dementia prevalence of 12%. A strong correlation between increasing Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR) scores and education was clearly evident...
December 2, 2016: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905818/predictors-of-sleep-quality-among-young-adults-in-korea-gender-differences
#5
Ae Kyung Chang, Jinyi Choi
This study was performed to identify the factors influencing gender differences in sleep quality between men and women. A cross-sectional survey was conducted using a convenience sample of 300 young adults from three Korean universities. Participants were 20-40 years of age, used smartphones, and took no sleep medication. Participants completed questionnaires on sleep quality, exercise, stress, depression, and smart phone addiction. The predictors of sleep quality in men were coffee consumption, napping, depression, failure to engage in light exercise at least three times per week, being overweight, being in the potential smart phone addiction group, and being employed, which explained 30...
December 1, 2016: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905151/the-impact-of-intensive-grandchild-care-on-depressive-symptoms-among-older-koreans
#6
Juyeong Kim, Eun-Cheol Park, Young Choi, Hyojeong Lee, Sang Gyu Lee
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of intensive grandchild care on depressive symptoms among grandparents. METHODS: We used data from 2008 to 2012 of the Korea Longitudinal Study of Aging. Using the data from 2008 at baseline, data included 5129 individuals aged 50 years and more without depression with at least one grandchild. A generalized estimating equation was used to investigate the impact of intensive grandchild care on depressive symptoms...
December 1, 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902709/relationship-between-physical-disability-and-depression-by-gender-a-panel-regression-model
#7
Jin-Won Noh, Young Dae Kwon, Jumin Park, In-Hwan Oh, Jinseok Kim
BACKGROUND: Depression in persons with physical disabilities may be more common than in the general population. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between physical disability and depression by gender among adults, using a large, nationally representative sample. METHODS: This study used data from the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging, Wave one through four, and ran a series of random effect panel regression models to test the relationship between physical disability status and depression by gender...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900233/the-relationship-of-undergraduate-major-and-housing-with-depression-in-undergraduate-students
#8
Shaun Ajinkya, James F Schaus, Michael Deichen
INTRODUCTION: Past literature has shown that college undergraduates are particularly vulnerable to depression. The objective of this study is to find if certain majors and housing arrangements are associated with major depression as assessed by the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), after adjustment for age, gender, and family history of depression. METHODS: Participants were undergraduates at a large public university that used the university health center from April 1 - November 4, 2013...
September 18, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900164/prevalence-of-depression-and-anxiety-in-top-level-male-and-female-football-players
#9
Astrid Junge, Nina Feddermann-Demont
BACKGROUND: Scientific studies on the prevalence of mental health problems in elite athletes are rare, and most have had considerable methodological limitations, such as low response rate and heterogeneous samples. AIMS: To evaluate the prevalence of depression and anxiety in top-level football players in comparison to the general population, and to analyse potential risk factors. METHODS: Players of all first league (FL) and of four U-21 football teams in Switzerland were asked to answer a questionnaire on player's characteristics, the Centre of Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) and the Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD-7) scale...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899710/quantifying-and-exploring-camouflaging-in-men-and-women-with-autism
#10
Meng-Chuan Lai, Michael V Lombardo, Amber Nv Ruigrok, Bhismadev Chakrabarti, Bonnie Auyeung, Peter Szatmari, Francesca Happé, Simon Baron-Cohen
Autobiographical descriptions and clinician observations suggest that some individuals with autism, particularly females, 'camouflage' their social communication difficulties, which may require considerable cognitive effort and lead to increased stress, anxiety and depression. Using data from 60 age- and IQ-matched men and women with autism (without intellectual disability), we operationalized camouflaging in adults with autism for the first time as the quantitative discrepancy between the person's 'external' behavioural presentation in social-interpersonal contexts (measured by the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule) and the person's 'internal' status (dispositional traits measured by the Autism Spectrum Quotient and social cognitive capability measured by the 'Reading the Mind in the Eyes' Test)...
November 29, 2016: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899687/reliability-and-validity-of-the-pittsburgh-sleep-quality-index-serbian-translation
#11
Martin B Popević, Aleksandar P S Milovanović, Srdjan Milovanović, Ljudmila Nagorni-Obradović, Dejan Nešić, Marija Velaga
The aim of this study was translating and exploring psychometric properties of Serbian Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) in a sample of "good" and "bad" sleepers suffering from depression or obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Formal translation and validation were performed on a sample of healthy controls, patients with untreated OSA, and with diagnosed major depressive disorder with evaluation of internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and construct and criterion validity. Controls and OSA subgroups were recruited from a larger sample of commercial drivers...
November 28, 2016: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899340/ecological-momentary-assessment-of-adolescent-problems-coping-efficacy-and-mood-states-using-a-mobile-phone-app-an-exploratory-study
#12
Rachel Kenny, Barbara Dooley, Amanda Fitzgerald
BACKGROUND: Mobile technologies have the potential to be used as innovative tools for conducting research on the mental health and well-being of young people. In particular, they have utility for carrying out ecological momentary assessment (EMA) research by capturing data from participants in real time as they go about their daily lives. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the utility of a mobile phone app as a means of collecting EMA data pertaining to mood, problems, and coping efficacy in a school-based sample of Irish young people...
November 29, 2016: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898255/lgbt-identity-untreated-depression-and-unmet-need-for-mental-health-services-by-sexual-minority-women-and-trans-identified-people
#13
Leah S Steele, Andrea Daley, Deone Curling, Margaret F Gibson, Datejie C Green, Charmaine C Williams, Lori E Ross
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have found that transgender, lesbian, and bisexual people report poorer mental health relative to heterosexuals. However, available research provides little information about mental health service access among the highest need groups within these communities: bisexual women and transgender people. This study compared past year unmet need for mental health care and untreated depression between four groups: heterosexual cisgender (i.e., not transgender) women, cisgender lesbians, cisgender bisexual women, and transgender people...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898206/doomed-for-disorder-high-incidence-of-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-in-offspring-of-depressed-and-anxious-patients-a-prospective-cohort-study
#14
Petra J Havinga, Lynn Boschloo, Annelene J P Bloemen, Maaike H Nauta, Sybolt O de Vries, Brenda W J H Penninx, Robert A Schoevers, Catharina A Hartman
OBJECTIVE: Early recognition of individuals at risk for depressive and anxiety disorders is key in influencing onset and course of these disorders. Parental history is a potent risk factor for the development of these disorders in offspring. However, knowledge about the magnitude of this risk is limited as large-scale longitudinal studies with a follow-up into adulthood are scarce. Those offspring at highest risk may possibly be identified by easy-to-determine parental psychiatric characteristics, family context, and offspring characteristics...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896905/testing-bidirectional-associations-among-emotion-regulation-strategies-and-substance-use-a-daily-diary-study
#15
Nicole H Weiss, Krysten W Bold, Tami P Sullivan, Stephen Armeli, Howard Tennen
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Alcohol and marijuana are widely used among college students. Emotion regulation strategies have been linked to alcohol and marijuana use but little attention has been devoted to modeling the directionality of these associations. Aims of the current study were to test whether (a) daytime use of emotion regulation strategies influences the likelihood of evening substance use and (b) evening substance use influences the likelihood of next-day use of emotion regulation strategies...
November 29, 2016: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896676/what-is-the-incidence-of-suicide-in-patients-with-bone-and-soft-tissue-cancer-suicide-and-sarcoma
#16
Brianna L Siracuse, George Gorgy, Jeremy Ruskin, Kathleen S Beebe
BACKGROUND: Patients with cancer in the United States are estimated to have a suicide incidence that is approximately twice that of the general population. Patients with bone and soft tissue cancer often have physical impairments and activity limitations develop that reduce their quality of life, which may put them at high risk for depression, anxiety, and suicidal ideation. To our knowledge, there have been no large studies determining incidence of suicide among patients with bone and soft tissue cancer; this information might allow screening of certain high-risk groups...
November 28, 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893238/does-anger-regulation-mediate-the-discrimination-mental-health-link-among-mexican-origin-adolescents-a-longitudinal-mediation-analysis-using-multilevel-modeling
#17
Irene J K Park, Lijuan Wang, David R Williams, Margarita Alegría
Although prior research has consistently documented the association between racial/ethnic discrimination and poor mental health outcomes, the mechanisms that underlie this link are still unclear. The present 3-wave longitudinal study tested the mediating role of anger regulation in the discrimination-mental health link among 269 Mexican-origin adolescents (Mage = 14.1 years, SD = 1.6; 57% girls), 12 to 17 years old. Three competing anger regulation variables were tested as potential mediators: outward anger expression, anger suppression, and anger control...
November 28, 2016: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893220/is-body-dissatisfaction-changing-across-time-a-cross-temporal-meta-analysis
#18
Bryan T Karazsia, Sarah K Murnen, Tracy L Tylka
It remains unclear whether body dissatisfaction, a widely recognized predictor of eating-related pathologies and depressive symptomatology, is consistent across cohorts and time. This question is important to investigate because dominant theories propose that sociocultural influences, which may fluctuate, play an important role in the development of body dissatisfaction. Previous efforts for tracking body dissatisfaction across cohorts and time are limited by relying on data from a single institution or using assessments that lack psychometric support across genders...
November 28, 2016: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891676/sex-dependent-independent-prediction-of-incident-diabetes-by-depressive-symptoms
#19
Tuğba Akbaş-Şimşek, Altan Onat, Adnan Kaya, Eyyup Tusun, Hüsniye Yüksel, Günay Can
OBJECTIVE: To study the predictive value of depressive symptoms (DeprSs) in a general population of Turkey for type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Responses to three questions served to assess the sense of depression. Cox regression analyses were used regarding risk estimates for incident diabetes, after exclusion of prevalent cases of diabetes. Mean follow-up consisted of 5.15 (±1.4) years. RESULTS: Depressive symptoms were present at baseline in 16...
November 28, 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891342/immunohistochemical-evaluation-of-role-of-serotonin-in-pathogenesis-of-psoriasis
#20
Sheren Fouad Younes, Ola Ahmed Bakry
INTRODUCTION: Psoriasis is a common skin disorder characterized by erythaematosquamous papules and plaques. It is known to be associated with stressful and depressive disorders. Serotonin is a neurotransmitter that plays a role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory skin disorders. AIM: To evaluate the role of serotonin in pathogenesis of psoriasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using standard immunohistochemical techniques, 24 biopsies from patients with chronic plaque psoriasis were examined together with 12 biopsies from age and gender-matched healthy subjects as a control group...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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