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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432854/quality-of-death-rumination-and-posttraumatic-growth-among-bereaved-family-members-of-cancer-patients-in-home-palliative-care
#1
Kayo Hirooka, Hiroki Fukahori, Kanako Taku, Taisuke Togari, Asao Ogawa
OBJECTIVE: The current study was designed to test the hypothesis that quality of death (QOD) and intrusive and deliberate rumination are associated with posttraumatic growth (PTG) among bereaved family members of cancer patients in home palliative care. METHODS: Data were collected from 805 bereaved family members of cancer patients who died at home in Japan. We used a cross-sectional design and participants completed Good Death Inventory, Event-Related Rumination Inventory and PTG Inventory...
April 22, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431319/response-of-plasma-glucagon-like-peptide-2-to-feeding-pattern-and-intraruminal-administration-of-volatile-fatty-acids-in-sheep
#2
M Elsabagh, Y Inabu, T Obitsu, T Sugino
Glucagon-like peptide-2 (GLP-2), a gut peptide secreted by enteroendocrine L cells, has recently been identified as a key regulator of intestinal growth and absorptive function in ruminants. However, reports on GLP-2 secretion are few, and more information regarding its secretion dynamics is needed. In this study, two experiments were conducted to elucidate the daily rhythm of GLP-2 secretion in response to feeding regimen and to investigate the effect of volatile fatty acids (VFA) on GLP-2 release in sheep...
March 11, 2017: Domestic Animal Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429992/effect-of-replacing-maize-grain-and-soybean-meal-with-a-xylose-treated-wheat-grain-on-feed-intake-and-performance-of-dairy-cows
#3
Jens Benninghoff, Gregor Hamann, Herbert Steingaß, Franz-Josef Romberg, Karl Landfried, Karl-Heinz Südekum
This study evaluated wheat grain which was treated with xylose in aqueous Ca-Mg lignosulphonate solution at elevated temperatures (WeiPass®) in order to reduce ruminal degradation of starch and crude protein. The two tested isoenergetic and isonitrogenous diets contained on dry matter (DM) basis either 16% maize grain and 6.4% soybean meal (Diet CON) or 17.8% xylose-treated wheat and 4.6% soybean meal (Diet Wheat). Thirty-six German Holstein dairy cows were assigned to one of the two groups according to parity, body weight after calving, and milk yield during the previous lactation...
June 2017: Archives of Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429079/the-r2r3-myb-tt2b-and-the-bhlh-tt8-genes-are-the-major-regulators-of-proanthocyanidin-biosynthesis-in-the-leaves-of-lotus-species
#4
Francisco José Escaray, Valentina Passeri, Ana Perea-García, Cristian Javier Antonelli, Francesco Damiani, Oscar Adolfo Ruiz, Francesco Paolocci
By exploiting interspecific hybrids and their progeny, we identified key regulatory and transporter genes intimately related to proanthocyanidin biosynthesis in leaves of Lotus spp. Proanthocyanidins (PAs), known as condensed tannins, are polymeric flavonoids enriching forage legumes of key nutritional value to prevent bloating in ruminant animals. Unfortunately, major forage legumes such as alfalfa and clovers lack PAs in edible tissues. Therefore, engineering the PA trait in herbage of forage legumes is paramount to improve both ecological and economical sustainability of cattle production system...
April 20, 2017: Planta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428891/dietary-inclusion-effects-of-phytochemicals-as-growth-promoters-in-animal-production
#5
REVIEW
Nidia Vanessa Valenzuela-Grijalva, Araceli Pinelli-Saavedra, Adriana Muhlia-Almazan, David Domínguez-Díaz, Humberto González-Ríos
Growth promoters have been widely used as a strategy to improve productivity, and great benefits have been observed throughout the meat production chain. However, the prohibition of growth promoters in several countries, as well as consumer rejection, has led industry and the academy to search for alternatives. For decades, the inclusion of phytochemicals in animal feed has been proposed as a replacement for traditional growth promoters. However, there are many concerns about the application of phytochemicals and their impact on the various links in the meat production chain (productive performance, carcass and meat quality)...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427961/evidence-for-enzootic-circulation-of-rift-valley-fever-virus-among-livestock-in-cameroon
#6
M Rissmann, M Eiden, A Wade, R Poueme, S Abdoulkadiri, H Unger, U Ziegler, T Homeier, M H Groschup
Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) is an arthropod-borne pathogen, causing serious epidemics in Africa and the Arabian Peninsula. In Cameroon serological data indicate the presence of RVFV, but active circulation of RVFV, causing clinical infections has not been proven yet. For this purpose we carried out a serological and molecular study on a total of 1,953 randomly selected serum samples of small ruminants and cattle, which were collected in years 2013 and 2014 in Cameroon. In a first step, sera were screened serologically using a variety of assay formats to reveal RVFV specific antibodies...
April 17, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427254/supplementing-the-culture-of-rhodobacter-sphaeroides-in-the-diet-of-holstein-lactating-cow-may-naturally-produce-coenzyme-q10-enriched-milk
#7
Gui-Seck Bae, Ahreum Choi, Joon Mo Yeo, Jong Nam Kim, Jaeyong Song, Eun Joong Kim, Moon Baek Chang
Objective: To examine the effects of Rhaodobacter sphaeroides supplementation as a direct-fed microbial (DFM) on rumen fermentation in dairy cows and on CoQ10 transition into milk, an in vitro rumen simulation batch culture and an in vivo dairy cow experiments were conducted. Methods: The characteristics of in vitro ruminal fermentation were investigated using rumen fluids from six cannulated Holstein dairy cows at 2 h post-afternoon feeding. A control treatment was included in the experiments based on a typified total mixed ration (TMR) for lactating dairy cows, which was identical to the one used in the in vivo study, plus R...
April 21, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426782/peste-des-petits-ruminants-ppr-a-neglected-tropical-disease-in-maghreb-region-of-north-africa-and-its-threat-to-europe
#8
Ratiba Baazizi, Mana Mahapatra, Brian Donald Clarke, Khatima Ait-Oudhia, Djamel Khelef, Satya Parida
BACKGROUND: Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) is a contagious disease listed by the World Organisation for Animal health (OIE) as being a specific hazard. It affects sheep, goats, and wild ungulates, and is prevalent throughout the developing world particularly Asia, the Middle East, and Africa. PPR has been targeted for eradication by 2030 by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the OIE, after the successful eradication of the related disease, rinderpest in cattle...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425935/water-access-sanitation-and-hygiene-conditions-and-health-outcomes-among-two-settlement-types-in-rural-far-north-cameroon
#9
Tyler J Gorham, Joshua Yoo, Rebecca Garabed, Arabi Mouhaman, Jiyoung Lee
The Far North region in Cameroon has been more heavily impacted by cholera than any other region over the past decade, but very little has been done to study the drivers of waterborne diseases in the region. We investigated the relationship between water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) parameters, microbial and antibiotic resistance (AR) contamination levels in drinking water, and health outcomes using health survey and molecular analysis during June and July of 2014 in two settlement types (agro-pastoralist villages and transhumant pastoralist camps)...
April 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425834/rift-valley-fever-vaccines-an-overview-of-the-safety-and-efficacy-of-the-live-attenuated-mp-12-vaccine-candidate
#10
Tetsuro Ikegami
Rift Valley fever (RVF) is a mosquito-borne zoonotic viral disease endemic to Africa and the Arabian Peninsula. High rates of abortion among infected ruminants and hemorrhagic fever in infected humans are major public health concerns. Commercially available veterinary RVF vaccines are important for preventing the spread of the Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) in endemic countries; however, RVFV outbreaks continue to occur frequently in endemic countries in the 21(st) century. In the U.S., the live-attenuated MP-12 vaccine has been developed for both animal and human vaccination...
April 20, 2017: Expert Review of Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423890/physicochemical-characteristics-and-fatty-acid-profiles-of-muscle-tissues-from-hanwoo-steers-fed-a-total-mixed-ration-supplied-with-medicinal-plant-by-products
#11
Shin Ja Lee, Do Hyung Kim, Han Sul Yang, Ki Chang Nam, Seung Kyu Ahn, Sung Kwon Park, Chang Weon Choi, Sung Sill Lee
Objective: Using medicinal plant by-products (MPBP) as feed additives may be an eco-friendly option as substitutes for feedstuffs and may assist in reducing the improper disposal of MPBP. Therefore, this study was conducted to evaluate the influences of medicinal plant by-products on the meat quality of Hanwoo steers fed a total mixed ration (TMR). Methods: Twenty seven steers (BW = 573 ± 57 kg) were randomly divided into three treatments with a control group and two tested groups as follows: control, 1000 g/kg TMR; treatment 1 (MPBP30), 970 g/kg TMR and 30 g/kg MPBP; treatment 2 (MPBP50), 950 g/kg TMR and 50 g/kg MPBP...
March 25, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423878/effects-of-alfalfa-flavonoids-on-the-production-performance-immune-system-and-ruminal-fermentation-of-dairy-cows
#12
Jinshun Zhan, Caixia Wu, Mingmei Liu, Xiaoshuang Su, Kang Zhan, Chungang Zhang, Guoqi Zhao
The objective of this study was to examine the effect of flavonoids from alfalfa on production performance, immunity, and ruminal fermentation of dairy cows. Four primiparous Holstein cows fitted with ruminal cannulas were used in a 4 × 4 Latin square design. They were fed a total mixed ration (TMR) added 0 (control group, Con), 20, 60 and 100 mg alfalfa flavonoids extract (AFE) per kg of body weight (BW), respectively. The results showed that the feed intake and milk lactose content of the group receiving from 60 mg/kg...
March 25, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423871/behavioral-characteristics-of-hanwoo-bos-taurus-coreanae-steers-at-different-growth-stages-and-seasons
#13
Na Yeon Kim, Seong Jin Kim, Se Young Jang, Mi Rae Oh, Yu Jiao Tang, Hye Jin Seong, Yeong Sik Yun, Sang Ho Moon
The purpose of this research was to analyze behavioral characteristics of Hanwoo (Bos taurus coreanae) steers for each season and growth stage to enable measurement of animal welfare level for precision livestock farming. A hundred-eight beef steers were divided into three equal groups at a Hanwoo farm according to their growth stage: growing stage (GS), 8months; early-fattening stage (EFS), 19months; and late-fattening stage (LFS), 30months. Twelve behavioral categories were continuously recorded for 13day-time hours in each four seasons with three replications...
April 19, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423870/effects-of-physically-effective-neutral-detergent-fiber-content-on-dry-matter-intake-digestibility-and-chewing-activity-in-korean-native-goats-capra-hircus-coreanae-fed-with-total-mixed-ration
#14
Seyoung Jang, Eunkyung Kim, Jaehyun Park, Mirae Oh, Yujiao Tang, Yuling Ding, Hyejin Seong, Wonho Kim, Yeongsik Yun, Sangho Moon
Objective: This experiment was aimed to determine proper physical traits in the diet for goats by investigating the effects of physically effective neutral detergent fiber (peNDF) content on dry matter intake (DMI), digestibility, and chewing activity in black goats fed with total mixed ration (TMR). Methods: Six growing wethers of Korean native black goats (Capra hircus coreanae) aged 8 months and weighing between 26.9 kg and 27.1 kg (27.03±5.05 kg) were used in this experiment...
April 19, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422564/evaluation-of-two-in-house-immunoenzymatic-tests-to-serodiagnose-subclinical-paratuberculisis-in-a-sheep-flock-in-mexicali-valley-mexico
#15
Elizama Ponce Barraza, Tomás Cárdenas Reyna, Carlos Angulo, José Carlomán Herrera Ramírez, Gilberto V López, Gerardo Enrique Medina-Basulto, Shigetoshi Eda, Sawako Hori-Oshima
Paratuberculosis (PTB) or Johne's disease is a common ruminant infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP). In this study, two MAP antigens were compared for their diagnostic utility to detect subclinical PTB in a sheep flock in Mexicali, Mexico. Sheep (n = 31) without clinical signs but positive on a direct fecal-polymerase chain reaction were tested with two preabsorbed in-house enzyme linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) using: (1) an ethanol-extracted surface lipid antigen (EVELISA) and (2) a protoplasmic antigen (ELISA-PPA)...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Immunoassay & Immunochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422357/comparative-analysis-of-the-merino-sheep-and-iberian-red-deer-abomasum-during-prenatal-development
#16
Antonio Franco, Javier Masot, Eloy Redondo
The aim of this study is to describe differences in the ontogenesis of the abomasum in sheep (domestic ruminant) and deer (wild ruminant). Histomorphometric and immunohistochemical analysis were carried out on 50 embryos and fetuses of the sheep and 50 red deer from the first prenatal stages until birth. To compare similar periods of gestation in both species, we calculate the percentages of gestation. The appearance of the abomasum was earlier in the red deer (22% gestation) than in the sheep (25% gestation)...
April 19, 2017: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421329/characterization-of-two-tt2-type-myb-transcription-factors-regulating-proanthocyanidin-biosynthesis-in-tetraploid-cotton-gossypium-hirsutum
#17
Nan Lu, Marissa Roldan, Richard A Dixon
Two TT2-type MYB transcription factors identified from tetraploid cotton are involved in regulating proanthocyanidin biosynthesis, providing new strategies for engineering condensed tannins in crops. Proanthocyanidins (PAs), also known as condensed tannins, are important secondary metabolites involved in stress resistance in plants, and are health supplements that help to reduce cholesterol levels. As one of the most widely grown crops in the world, cotton provides the majority of natural fabrics and is a supplemental food for ruminant animals...
April 18, 2017: Planta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421187/subset-specific-expression-of-toll-like-receptors-by-bovine-afferent-lymph-dendritic-cells
#18
Dirk Werling, Jayne C Hope, Nazneen Siddiqui, Stephanie Widdison, Chris Russell, Paul Sopp, Tracey J Coffey
Within the ruminant system, several possibilities exist to generate dendritic cells migrating out from the tissue into the regional draining lymph nodes as afferent lymph dendritic cells (ALDCs). Here, we analyzed toll-like receptor (TLR) 1-10 mRNA expression by using quantitative real-time PCR in highly purified subsets of bovine ALDC. As TLR expression may be influenced by pathogens or vaccines and their adjuvant, it is necessary to understand what TLRs are expressed in a steady-state system to elucidate specific differences and to potentially optimize targeted vaccines...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421046/horses-in-denmark-are-a-reservoir-of-diverse-clones-of-methicillin-resistant-and-susceptible-staphylococcus-aureus
#19
Md Zohorul Islam, Carmen Espinosa-Gongora, Peter Damborg, Raphael N Sieber, Rikke Munk, Louise Husted, Arshnee Moodley, Robert Skov, Jesper Larsen, Luca Guardabassi
Denmark is a country with high prevalence of livestock-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) clonal complex (CC) 398 in pigs. Even though pig farming is regarded as the main source of human infection or colonization with MRSA CC398, 10-15% of the human cases appear not to be linked to pigs. Following the recent reports of MRSA CC398 in horses in other European countries and the lack of knowledge on S. aureus carriage in this animal species, we carried out a study to investigate whether horses constitute a reservoir of MRSA CC398 in Denmark, and to gain knowledge on the frequency and genetic diversity of S...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421014/group-rumination-social-interactions-around-music-in-people-with-depression
#20
Sandra Garrido, Tuomas Eerola, Katrina McFerran
One of the most important roles that music serves in human society is the promotion of social relationships and group cohesion. In general, emotional experiences tend to be amplified in group settings through processes of social feedback. However, previous research has established that listening to sad music can intensify negative emotions in people with tendencies to rumination and depression. This study therefore investigated the phenomenon of ruminating with music, and the question of whether listening to sad music in group settings provides social benefits for emotionally vulnerable listeners, or whether it further exaggerates depressive tendencies...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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