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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667561/comparative-in-vitro-efficacy-of-kefir-produced-from-camel-goat-ewe-and-cow-milk-on-haemonchus-contortus
#1
D Alimi, M Rekik, H Akkari
One of the great challenges of veterinary parasitology is the search for alternative methods for controlling gastrointestinal parasites in small ruminants. Milk kefir is a traditional source of probiotic, with great therapeutic potential. The objective of this study was to investigate the anthelmintic effects of kefir on the abomasal nematode Haemonchus contortus from sheep. The study used camel, goat, ewe and cow milk as a starting material, to produce camel, goat, cow and ewe milk kefir. All kefirs showed a significant concentration-dependent effect on H...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Helminthology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666331/isolation-and-characterization-of-the-major-histocompatibility-complex-dqa1-and-dqa2-genes-in-gayal-bos-frontalis
#2
Sameeullah Memon, Liping Wang, Guozhi Li, Xiangying Liu, Weidong Deng, Dongmei Xi
The species origin of Yunnan gayal has been controversial since many years. However, few recent genetic studies have suggested that it has perhaps originated from the hybridization between male Bos frontalis and female B. taurus or B. indicus. Being an important semi-wild bovid species, this has also been listed under the red list of International Union of Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. However, there is limited information available about the immunogenicity of this precarious species of Bos...
March 2018: Journal of Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664941/correction-inclusion-of-live-yeast-and-mannan-oligosaccharides-in-high-grain-based-diets-for-sheep-ruminal-parameters-inflammatory-response-and-rumen-morphology
#3
Tatiana Garcia Diaz, Antonio Ferriani Branco, Fernando Alberto Jacovaci, Clóves Cabreira Jobim, Dheyme Cristina Bolson, João Luiz Pratti Daniel
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0193313.].
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664367/epizootic-hemorrhagic-disease-virus-serotype-6-infection-in-cattle-japan-2015
#4
Yuka Kamomae, Masahiro Kamomae, Yasuyuki Ohta, Mikoto Nabe, Yuichi Kagawa, Yuji Ogura, Tomoko Kato, Shogo Tanaka, Tohru Yanase, Hiroaki Shirafuji
During October-December 2015, an epizootic hemorrhagic disease outbreak occurred in cattle in Japan. Forty-six animals displayed fever, anorexia, cessation of rumination, salivation, and dysphagia. Virologic, serologic, and pathologic investigations revealed the causative agent was epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus serotype 6. Further virus characterization is needed to determine virus pathogenicity.
May 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663718/epidemiology-and-genetic-characterization-of-peste-des-petits-ruminants-virus-in-bangladesh
#5
Mohammed Z Rahman, Najmul Haider, Emily S Gurley, Sadia Ahmed, Mozaffar G Osmani, Muhammad B Hossain, Ariful Islam, Shahneaz A Khan, Mohammad Enayet Hossain, Jonathan H Epstein, Nord Zeidner, Mustafizur Rahman
Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) is an acute, highly contagious disease responsible for high morbidity and mortality rates in susceptible sheep and goats. Adequate knowledge of the diversity of circulating strains of PPR virus will help livestock authorities choose appropriate vaccines. The objective of this study was to describe the epidemiology of PPR and characterize the strains circulating in Bangladesh. Veterinarians enrolled goats showing signs consistent with PPR, including diarrhoea, fever and respiratory distress, from three veterinary hospitals...
March 8, 2018: Veterinary Medicine and Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663699/ruminal-metagenomic-libraries-as-a-source-of-relevant-hemicellulolytic-enzymes-for-biofuel-production
#6
Estrella Duque, Abdelali Daddaoua, Baldo F Cordero, Zulema Udaondo, Carlos Molina-Santiago, Amalia Roca, Jennifer Solano, Eduarda Molina-Alcaide, Ana Segura, Juan-Luis Ramos
The success of second-generation (2G) ethanol technology relies on the efficient transformation of hemicellulose into monosaccharides and, particularly, on the full conversion of xylans into xylose for over 18% of fermentable sugars. We sought new hemicellulases using ruminal liquid, after enrichment of microbes with industrial lignocellulosic substrates and preparation of metagenomic libraries. Among 150 000 fosmid clones tested, we identified 22 clones with endoxylanase activity and 125 with β-xylosidase activity...
April 17, 2018: Microbial Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663400/effects-of-natural-blends-of-garlic-and-eucalyptuis-essential-oils-on-biogas-production-of-four-fibrous-feeds-at-short-term-of-incubation-in-the-ruminal-anaerobic-biosystem
#7
M M Y Elghandour, M Z M Salem, R Greiner, A Z M Salem
BACKGROUND: This study explored the effect of garlic and/or eucalyptus oils on biogas production during in vitro ruminal fermentation of four agro industry byproducts. 0 to 180 mg of the oils per litre incubation medium was added and the gas volumes were recorded from 2 to 48 h of incubation. Dry matter substrate degradability and neutral as well as acid detergent fibre were determined after 72 h. RESULT: Gas production and nutrients degradability was oil type dependent...
April 16, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662884/transmission-of-helminths-between-species-of-ruminants-in-austria-appears-more-likely-to-occur-than-generally-assumed
#8
Jakob Winter, Steffen Rehbein, Anja Joachim
Helminth infections of the gastrointestinal tract and lungs can lead to devastating economical losses to the pastoral based animal production. Farm animals can suffer from malnutrition, tissue damage, and blood loss resulting in impaired production traits and reproduction parameters. In Austria, pastures grazed by sheep, goats, and cattle overlap with the habitats of several species of wild cervids (roe deer, red deer, sika deer, and fallow deer) and bovids (mouflon, chamois, and ibex), and transmission of parasites between different ruminant species seems likely...
2018: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662017/use-of-unpalatable-forages-by-ruminants-the-influence-of-experience-with-the-biophysical-and-social-environment
#9
REVIEW
Roberto A Distel, Juan J Villalba
Unpalatable forage resources (low nutrient density, potentially toxic metabolites) are widespread and represent a challenge for ruminant nutrition, health, and welfare. Our objective was to synthesize the role of biophysical and social experience on the use of unpalatable forages by ruminants, and highlight derived behavioural solutions for the well-being of soils, plants, and animals. Environmental experiences early in life modulate gene expression and promote learning, which alters morpho-physiological and psychological mechanisms that modify behavioural responses and change food and habitat selection...
April 14, 2018: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660800/physicochemical-quality-fatty-acid-composition-and-sensory-analysis-of-nellore-steers-meat-fed-with-inclusion-of-condensed-tannin-in-the-diet
#10
Susana M Gesteira, Ronaldo L Oliveira, Thadeu M Silva, Rebeca D X Ribeiro, Cláudio V D M Ribeiro, Elzania S Pereira, Dante P D Lanna, Luis F B Pinto, Tiago C Rocha, Jusaline F Vieira, Leilson R Bezerra
This study was conducted to test the effect of dietary tannin on the fatty acid profile and sensory attributes of meat from Nellore steers. Thirty-two Nellore bull male were distributed in a completely randomized design and fed diets with condensed tannin extract as follows: 0, 10, 30, and 50 g/kg total DM basis. The physicochemical composition of the meat, lipid oxidation, fatty acid profile, flavor, tenderness, and overall acceptance were evaluated. There was a linear decrease (P ≤ 0.05) on lipid content, tenderness, cooking weight loss, myristic, palmitic, and oleic acids in meat as tannin increased in the diets...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660779/clinical-findings-and-diagnostic-procedures-in-270-small-ruminants-with-obstructive-urolithiasis
#11
Anna-Katharina Riedi, Gabriela Knubben-Schweizer, Mireille Meylan
BACKGROUND: Details of the clinical signs of obstructive urolithiasis in male small ruminants have not been documented in a large population. OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical presentation and diagnostic procedures in a large group of small ruminants with urolithiasis. ANIMALS: Two hundred and seventy small ruminants (158 sheep and 112 goats). METHODS: Retrospective study of 270 cases identified based on clinical records...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660557/theileria-lestoquardi-in-sudan-is-highly-diverse-and-genetically-distinct-from-that-in-oman
#12
Hoyam Awad, Salama Al-Hamidhi, A M El Hussein, Younis Mohammed Zein Yousif, Khalid M Taha, D A Salih, William Weir, Hamza A Babiker
Malignant ovine theileriosis is a severe tick-borne protozoan disease of sheep and other small ruminants which is widespread in sub-Saharan Africa and the Middle East. The disease is of considerable economic importance in Sudan as the export of livestock provides a major contribution to the gross domestic product of this country. Molecular surveys have demonstrated a high prevalence of sub-clinical infections of Theileria lestoquardi, the causative agent, among small ruminants. No information is currently available on the extent of genetic diversity and genetic exchange among parasites in different areas of the country...
April 13, 2018: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659859/seroprevalence-of-toxoplasma-gondii-and-neospora-caninum-infection-in-sheep-goats-and-fallow-deer-farmed-on-the-same-area
#13
Bozena Moskwa, Aleksandra Kornacka, Aleksandra Cybulska, Wladyslaw Cabaj, Katarina Reiterova, Marek Bogdaszewski, Zaneta Steiner-Bogdaszewska, Justyna Bien
Toxoplasma gondii and Neospora caninum are coccidian parasites with a global distribution that cause reproductive failure and production losses in livestock. The seroprevalence of both parasite species in ruminants and Cervidae has been investigated worldwide and found to vary greatly.Studies carried out on mixed flocks with three ruminant species (sheep, goats and fallow deer) living under the same conditions are excellent models for identifying any differences in the rate of infection with the two parasites between the animal species...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657435/ismap-02-element-targeted-nested-polymerase-chain-in-the-detection-of-mycobacterium-avium-subsp-paratuberculosis-in-fecal-samples-of-cattle-and-buffaloes
#14
Mamta Rani, Deepti Narang, Dinesh Kumar, Mudit Chandra, Sikh Tejinder Singh, G Filia
Background and Aim: Johne's disease is chronic granulomatous enteritis which affects ruminants. There are many diagnostic approaches for the detection of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) of which molecular detection methods using various elements are less time consuming and more accurate. The present study was conducted using ISMap 02 element for nested polymerase chain reaction (nPCR) based detection of MAP in fecal samples. The aim was to test the sensitivity and specificity of the ISMap 02 element and also to use this element for the detection of MAP in fecal samples of cattle and buffaloes...
March 2018: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657429/isolation-and-identification-of-bacteria-causing-mastitis-in-small-ruminants-and-their-susceptibility-to-antibiotics-honey-essential-oils-and-plant-extracts
#15
Abeer Mostafa Abdalhamed, Gamil Sayed Gamil Zeedan, Hala Abdoula Ahmed Abou Zeina
Aim: The present work aims to isolate and identify bacteria that cause mastitis in small ruminants and evaluates the antibacterial activity of some antibiotics, honey, essential oils, and plant extracts. Materials and Methods: A total of 289 milk samples were collected from udder secretions of sheep (n=189) and goat (n=100) from El-Fayoum, Beni-Suef, and Giza governorates. Screening subclinical mastitis (SCM) was done using California Mastitis Test (CMT); identification of the isolates was achieved using Gram's staining, hemolytic pattern, colony morphology, and biochemical tests using Analytical Profile Index...
March 2018: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657415/semi-nested-polymerase-chain-reaction-based-detection-of-babesia-spp-in-small-ruminants-from-northwest-of-iran
#16
Ahad Bazmani, Amir Abolhooshyar, Abbas Imani-Baran, Hamid Akbari
Aim: The present study aimed to detect Babesia ovis and Babesia motasi in the blood samples of sheep and goats from Northwest of Iran by the semi-nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique. Materials and Methods: A total of 166 whole blood samples (including 123 sheep and 43 goats) were collected. In the first stage, the PCR was performed to amplify a piece of 18S rRNA gene of Babesia and Theileria genera. Then, semi-nested PCR was carried out on all PCR products to differentiate B...
March 2018: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657399/seroprevalence-of-small-ruminant-caprine-arthritis-encephalitis-lentivirus-among-goats-from-selected-small-ruminant-farms-in-selangor-malaysia
#17
Faez Firdaus Abdullah Jesse, Asinamai Athliamai Bitrus, Yusuf Abba, Veenosha Nehru Raju, Idris Umar Hambali, Innocent Damudu Peter, Abd Wahid Haron, Mohd Azmi Mohd Lila, Jefri Mohd Norsidin
Background and Aim: Caprine arthritis encephalitis (CAE) is an important viral disease of small ruminants particularly in dairy goats with severe social and economic implication. Hence, this study was designed to determine the seroprevalence of CAE virus (CAEV) among goat population in selected small ruminant farms in Selangor and the risk factors associated with the occurrence of the disease. Materials and Methods: Blood samples were collected from a total of 91 goats selected at random...
February 2018: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657347/affect-intensity-moderates-the-association-of-emotional-clarity-with-emotion-regulation-and-depressive-symptoms-in-unselected-and-treatment-seeking-samples
#18
Vera Vine, Brett Marroquín
Depression is associated with subjective difficulties identifying one's emotions, known as low emotional clarity, but the mediators and moderators of this relationship are not well understood. We hypothesized that the role of emotional clarity in emotion regulation and, in turn, depression depends on individual differences in negative affect intensity. In Study 1, conducted in an unselected sample ( N =119), low emotional clarity more strongly predicted depression symptoms among individuals higher in affect intensity...
February 2018: Cognitive Therapy and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657013/in-vitro-and-in-vivo-activity-of-hydrolyzed-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-against-goat-nematodes
#19
Naylene C S Silva, Aldilene S Lima, Carolina R Silva, Danilo R B Brito, José A A Cutrim-Junior, Marlise N Milhomem, Livio M Costa-Junior
Haemonchus contortus is the most prevalent nematode in tropical and subtropical regions and is responsible for significant losses in small ruminant production systems. Control of this parasite is based on the use of synthetic anthelmintics; although effective, prolonged and indiscriminate use can select for populations of resistant nematodes. Hydrolyzed yeast can help prevent populations of nematodes and is low in cost. The present study aimed to evaluate the preventive effect of hydrolyzed yeast on H. contortus through in vitro and in vivo assays...
April 30, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657010/anthelmintic-resistance-management-of-parasite-refugia-for-haemonchus-contortus-through-the-replacement-of-resistant-with-susceptible-populations
#20
REVIEW
Sebastián Manuel Muchiut, Alicia Silvina Fernández, Pedro Eduardo Steffan, Eliana Riva, César Alberto Fiel
Sheep production in tropical and temperate regions is hampered by the presence of Haemonchus contortus, the blood-sucking nematode that is the major cause of economic losses in small ruminant enterprises. The most limiting factor in the control of this parasitic disease is the steady progress of anthelmintic resistance worldwide. The search for control strategies that minimise the use of anthelmintics is therefore central to various efforts worldwide. One strategy is the introduction of susceptible parasites in refugia when these refugia are at low levels...
April 30, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
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