keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

incontinence in dementia

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407503/parkinsonian-signs-are-a-risk-factor-for-falls
#1
Nabila Dahodwala, Chinwe Nwadiogbu, Whitney Fitts, Helen Partridge, Jason Karlawish
BACKGROUND: Parkinsonian signs are common, non-specific findings in older adults and associated with increased rates of dementia and mortality. It is important to understand which motor outcomes are associated with parkinsonian signs. OBJECTIVES: To determine the role of parkinsonian signs on fall rates among older adults. METHODS: We conducted a longitudinal study of primary care patients from the University of Pennsylvania Health System...
April 4, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401631/disease-burden-comorbidity-and-geriatric-syndromes-in-the-australian-aged-care-population
#2
Jodie Belinda Hillen, Agnes Vitry, Gillian E Caughey
OBJECTIVE: To describe the burden of disease in the Australian residential aged care population. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of Aged Care Funding Instrument data. RESULTS: Dementia (48%), depression (22.5%) and arthritis (14.2%) were the most prevalent chronic diseases in this population. Unclassified conditions such as falls, pain and urinary incontinence were also significant burdens in this population (17.1%). Circulatory, musculoskeletal and unclassified conditions were the most prevalent comorbidities across all common medical groups...
April 11, 2017: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382615/a-case-of-multiple-system-atrophy-with-preexisting-alzheimer-s-disease-and-predating-the-hot-cross-bun-sign
#3
Chi-Wei Lin, Chi-Yu Tseng, Chung-Ping Lo, Min-Chien Tu
PURPOSE: Synucleinopathy, tauopathy and amyloidopathy were classified as distinct clinical and pathological entities in traditional classification systems, and their interactions have been studied on neuropathology and molecular genetics recently. CASE REPORT: In this report, we present a 69-year-old male patient who had been diagnosed with probable Alzheimer's disease (AD) dementia due to progressive forgetfulness in February 2013. His Mini- Mental State Examination score was 21/30, and his Cognitive Abilities Screening Instrument score was 78/100, resulted from profound deficits in recent memory and abstract thinking domains...
December 15, 2016: Acta Neurologica Taiwanica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330545/-treatment-of-chronic-diseases-in-patients-with-dementia
#4
Hanne Pedersen, Kristian Skikkild Klinkby, Frans Borch Waldorff
Comorbidity is common in patients with dementia, and due to the nature of the dementia disease, patients with dementia have special challenges in relation to comorbidity. This article is about dementia and heart failure, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, urinary incontinence, falls, polypharmacy and chronic pain. Ongoing goal setting is important, and advance care planning is recommended. In general, comorbidity must be carefully and holistic assessed and managed according to each patient's general status of health and stage of dementia...
March 20, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248418/defeating-urinary-incontinence-with-exercise-training-results-of-a-pilot-study-in-frail-older-women
#5
Kristine M C Talley, Jean F Wyman, Ulf Bronas, Becky J Olson-Kellogg, Teresa C McCarthy
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether combining behavioral urinary incontinence (UI) treatments with physical activity improves UI in frail older women. DESIGN: Single-blind, two-arm pilot randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Senior apartments. PARTICIPANTS: Frail women (mean age 84.9 ± 6.4) without dementia (n = 42). INTERVENTION: Twelve-week program of customized behavioral UI treatments: 150 minutes of weekly walking and twice weekly strength training classes...
March 1, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235814/differentiating-cognitive-impairment-due-to-corticobasal-degeneration-and-alzheimer-disease
#6
Gregory S Day, Tae Sung Lim, Jason Hassenstab, Alison M Goate, Elizabeth A Grant, Catherine M Roe, Nigel J Cairns, John C Morris
OBJECTIVE: To identify clinical features that reliably differentiate individuals with cognitive impairment due to corticobasal degeneration (CBD) and Alzheimer disease (AD). METHODS: Clinical features were compared between individuals with autopsy-proven CBD (n = 17) and AD (n = 16). All individuals presented with prominent cognitive complaints and were evaluated annually with semistructured interviews, detailed neurologic examinations, and neuropsychological testing...
March 28, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185237/use-of-bladder-antimuscarinics-in-older-adults-with-impaired-cognition
#7
Ariel R Green, Jodi Segal, Jing Tian, Esther Oh, David L Roth, Liam Hilson, Jennifer L Dodson, Cynthia M Boyd
OBJECTIVE: To examine the use of antimuscarinics for treating urinary incontinence (UI) in older adults with varying levels of cognition. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: National Alzheimer's Coordinating Center from 2005 through 2015. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling men and women aged 65 and older (N = 24,106). MEASUREMENTS: Clinicians and staff evaluated each participant's dementia status during annual in-person assessments...
February 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161978/managing-faecal-incontinence-in-people-with-dementia
#8
June Andrews
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2, 2017: British Journal of Community Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145214/-faecolithiasis-straightforward-to-detect-but-often-missed
#9
B Katerberg, F Ter Borg
Faecal impaction is a problem which is becoming more prevalent now that the number of elderly patients is increasing. When not detected and treated inadequately, it can lead to symptoms such as diarrhoea, faecal incontinence and other serious problems like anorexia, vomiting and rectal ulcers with bleeding or even a bowel perforation. We describe two patients with serious and less common complications of faecolithiasis. Patient A, a 79-year-old woman with signs of dementia, presented with faecal incontinence and unexplained worsening of her cognitive symptoms leading to a situation where she could no longer live in her own home...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127435/dementia-gait-disturbance-and-urinary-incontinence-in-a-patient-with-pulmonary-sarcoidosis
#10
Gonzalo Labarca, Romina Ramirez, Ximena Monsalve, Isabel Mira-Avendano
Hydrocephalus is an uncommon presentation of neurosarcoidosis. We discuss the case of a 67-year-old woman with a prior diagnosis of hypothyroidism, systemic hypertension, and lung sarcoidosis who presented with a 1-month history of progressive impairment of consciousness leading to prostration and loss of sphincter control. At admission, patient was febrile with altered speech and without focalization. Laboratory results showed leucocytosis and mild anaemia. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis was characterized by mild elevated protein level, increased cell count, normal glucose and adenosine deaminase (ADA), negative cytology, and no bacterial isolations...
September 2016: Respirology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120085/neuropsychological-assessment-in-the-differential-diagnosis-of-idiopathic-normal-pressure-hydrocephalus-an-important-tool-for-the-maintenance-and-restoration-of-neuronal-and-neuropsychological-functions
#11
Carmela Sindorio, Rosaria Viola Abbritti, Giovanni Raffa, Stefano M Priola, Antonino Germanò, Massimiliano Visocchi, Maria C Quattropani
Idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) is a progressive clinical syndrome that includes gait disturbances, urinary incontinence, and cognitive impairment. iNPH shows similarities to other neurodegenerative disorders, primarily Alzheimer's Disease (AD). Definition of the neuropsychological profile of iNPH and the qualitative analysis of systematic mistakes made in cognitive tests could represent a valid method for systematizing possible specific markers of iNPH dementia and differentiating it from other dementias...
2017: Acta Neurochirurgica. Supplement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113102/key-clinical-milestones-15-years-and-onwards-after-dbs-stn-surgery-a-retrospective-analysis-of-patients-that-underwent-surgery-between-1993-and-2001
#12
Radu Constantinescu, Barbro Eriksson, Yvonne Jansson, Bo Johnels, Björn Holmberg, Thordis Gudmundsdottir, Annika Renck, Peter Berglund, Filip Bergquist
OBJECTIVE: Subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation (STN-DBS) is an effective treatment for motor fluctuations in Parkinson's disease (PD), but does not halt disease progression. The long-term deterioration of key functions such as cognition, speech, ability to swallow, gait, urinary bladder control, orientation and reality perception is decisive for patients' independency in daily life. In this paper we investigated patients with advanced PD operated at our center with STN-DBS for at least 15 years ago, in respect to key clinical milestones reflecting their overall function in daily living...
March 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100075/urinary-incontinence-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#13
Hsiang-Ying Lee, Ching-Chia Li, Yung-Shun Juan, Yu-Han Chang, Hsin-Chih Yeh, Chia-Chun Tsai, Kuang-Shun Chueh, Wen-Jeng Wu, Yuan-Han Yang
OBJECTIVES: Urinary incontinence (UI) is more prevalent in the elderly populations with dementia than without dementia, and Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia. Urinary incontinence may complicate AD morbidity and mortality. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the prevalence and annual incidence and determine the risk possibility of UI, which is the main type of incontinence in patients with AD in Taiwan. METHODS: A total of 933 patients with AD were included in the study cohort, and a total of 2799 patients without AD by 1:3 proportion compared to the study cohort were used as a matched cohort...
February 2017: American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086759/urinary-incontinence-and-its-association-with-functional-physical-and-cognitive-health-among-female-nursing-home-residents-in-switzerland
#14
Lea F Schumpf, Nathan Theill, David A Scheiner, Daniel Fink, Florian Riese, Cornelia Betschart
BACKGROUND: Specific knowledge of urinary incontinence (UI) and its interrelation with physical and cognitive health is essential to working towards prevention of UI and to improving quality of treatment and care. The purpose of this study was to determine the association between UI and the activities of daily living (ADL) hierarchy scale, the cognitive performance scale (CPS) and comorbid conditions. METHODS: The cross-sectional retrospective analysis of 357 nursing homes in Switzerland was based on data of the Minimum Data Set of the Resident Assessment Instrument 2...
January 13, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063896/clinical-correlation-of-abnormal-findings-on-magnetic-resonance-elastography-in-idiopathic-normal-pressure-hydrocephalus
#15
Avital Perry, Christopher S Graffeo, Nikoo Fattahi, Mona M ElSheikh, Nealey Cray, Arvin Arani, Richard L Ehman, Kevin J Glaser, Armando Manduca, Fredric B Meyer, John Huston
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) is a ventriculomegaly syndrome characterized by dementia, urinary incontinence, and gait disturbance, which is potentially reversible after ventriculoperitoneal shunting (VPS). Magnetic resonance elastography (MRE) is an evolving imaging technology that noninvasively measures tissue viscoelasticity. We studied iNPH patients using MRE prior to shunting, compared them with normal controls, and analyzed associations between MRE findings and clinical features, as a pilot assessment of MRE in iNPH...
March 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035933/frontal-lobe-function-correlates-with%C3%A2-one-year-incidence-of-urinary-incontinence-in-elderly-with-alzheimer-disease
#16
Taiki Sugimoto, Masaki Yoshida, Rei Ono, Shunsuke Murata, Naoki Saji, Shumpei Niida, Kenji Toba, Takashi Sakurai
BACKGROUND: Urinary incontinence (UI) is frequently observed in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Although previous works highlight the association between frontal lobe-related function and UI, causal relationship is unclear. OBJECTS: To clarify the longitudinal association between frontal lobe function and the incidence of UI at 1 year in patients with AD. METHODS: The subjects were 215 continent AD patients who attended the Memory Clinic of the National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology of Japan during the period from March 2011 to December 2014...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927762/urinary-incontinence-incident-parkinsonism-and-parkinson-s-disease-pathology-in-older-adults
#17
Noa M Buchman, Sue E Leurgans, Raj J Shah, Veronique VanderHorst, Robert S Wilson, Yaacov G Bachner, David Tanne, Julie A Schneider, David A Bennett, Aron S Buchman
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that urinary incontinence (UI) is associated with incident parkinsonism in older adults. METHODS: We used data from 2,617 older persons without dementia. Assessment included baseline self-report UI and annual structured exam which assessed parkinsonian signs, motor performances, cognitive function, and self-report disabilities. We used a series of Cox proportional hazards models to examine the association of UI with parkinsonism and adverse health outcomes and a mixed-effect model to examine the association of UI with the annual rate of cognitive decline...
December 7, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916758/-hydrocephalus-mimicking-idiopathic-normal-pressure-hydrocephalus-as-the-first-manifestation-of-neurosarcoidosis
#18
REVIEW
Atsuhiko Sugiyama, Makoto Kobayashi, Kumiko Agatsuma, Takeshi Bo, Toshiaki Shiojiri, Hidetoshi Mochida, Yoshio Suzuki, Takashi Matsunaga, Satoshi Kuwabara
A 61-year-old woman presented with a 10-month history of gait disturbance and a 7-month history of urinary incontinence. The Hasegawa dementia scale-revised score indicated cognitive impairment. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) indicated hydrocephalus with disproportionately enlarged subarachnoid space. This is usually considered a characteristic finding in idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH). Ventriculo-peritoneal shunting improved the patient's symptoms. Neurosarcoidosis was suspected as a cause of the hydrocephalus because of the abnormalities in the cerebrospinal fluid and the abnormal enhancement of the cauda equina, the leptomeninges of the brainstem, and the spinal cord, as seen on MRI with gadolinium enhancement...
December 2016: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882548/making-a-bad-diagnosis-worse-suspect-drug-management-of-urinary-incontinence-in-persons-with-dementia
#19
EDITORIAL
Ryan Carnahan, Theodore Johnson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852640/janus-at-the-crossroads-perspectives-on-long-term-care-trajectories-for-older-women-with-dementia-in-a-canadian-context
#20
Denise S Cloutier, Margaret J Penning
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Janus, the two-faced, Roman god of beginnings and transitions, is used as a metaphor to explore our personal narratives and our quantitative research on the experiences of older women with dementia in long-term care (LTC). Two research questions are addressed: (a) How do our quantitative data map onto our mothers' experiences? (b) What lessons do our mothers' experiences offer for the care of older women with dementia? DESIGN AND METHODS: Informed by a life-course perspective, we triangulate administrative data on 3,717 women with dementia receiving LTC in British Columbia, Canada, with personal narratives-the stories of our mothers who made the transition from home care into residential (nursing home) care...
February 2017: Gerontologist
keyword
keyword
99022
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"