keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Chlamydia and cervical cancer

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771695/the-biological-impact-of-genomic-diversity-in-cervical-cancer-development
#1
Cristina Mendes de Oliveira, José Eduardo Levi
Human papillomaviruses (HPVs) are the etiologic agents of cervical cancer, the unique human neoplasia that has one single necessary cause. The diversity of HPVs is well described, with 200 HPV types existing as distinct taxonomic units and each receiving an Arabic number. On a clinical basis, they are usually grouped by their site of occurrence and disease associations. Those types inhabiting the anogenital mucosa are more intensively studied and further divided into cancer-associated HPVs, which are termed 'high risk', while those linked to benign proliferative lesions are assigned as 'low risk'...
2016: Acta Cytologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598277/-human-papilloma-virus-and-chlamydia-trachomatis-by-number-of-sexual-partners-and-time-of-sexual-activity-on-university-students-in-the-region-of-la-araucan%C3%A3-a-chile
#2
Angélica Melo, Nicole Lagos, Sonia Montenegro, Juan José Orellana, Ana María Vásquez, Sergio Moreno, Sandra Liempi, Pablo Guzmán, Flery Fonseca-Salamanca
BACKGROUND: Human papilloma virus (HPV) and Chlamydia trachomatis are the most prevalent sexually transmitted infections (STIs), among teenagers and young people, with risk factors: active sex life and multiple partners. Chlamydia trachomatis infection may favor HPV infection and this, the development of cervical cancer. Both infections can lead to consequences on sexual and reproductive health. OBJECTIVE: To determine frequency of HPV and C. trachomatis in asymptomatic university women less than 25 years, associating them with number of sexual partners (n°SxP) and time of sexual activity (TSxA)...
June 2016: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27522472/measuring-preventive-care-delivery-comparing-rates-across-three-data-sources
#3
Steffani R Bailey, John D Heintzman, Miguel Marino, Megan J Hoopes, Brigit A Hatch, Rachel Gold, Stuart C Cowburn, Christine A Nelson, Heather E Angier, Jennifer E DeVoe
INTRODUCTION: Preventive care delivery is an important quality outcome, and electronic data reports are being used increasingly to track these services. It is highly informative when electronic data sources are compared to information manually extracted from medical charts to assess validity and completeness. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used a random sample of Medicaid-insured patients seen at 43 community health centers in 2011 to calculate standard measures of correspondence between manual chart review and two automated sources (electronic health records [EHRs] and Medicaid claims), comparing documentation of orders for and receipt of ten preventive services (n=150 patients/service)...
November 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27429850/association-of-human-papillomavirus-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-and-chlamydia-trachomatis-co-infections-on-the-risk-of-high-grade-squamous-intraepithelial-cervical-lesion
#4
André Lp de Abreu, Natália Malaguti, Raquel P Souza, Nelson S Uchimura, Érika C Ferreira, Monalisa W Pereira, Maria Db Carvalho, Sandra M Pelloso, Marcelo G Bonini, Fabrícia Gimenes, Marcia El Consolaro
The link between high-risk human Papillomavirus (HR-HPV) and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in the risk of developing cervical cancer still unclear. Thus, in this report we investigated the rates of co-infections between HPV and other important non-HPV STDs in different cervical findings using a multiplex polymerase chain reaction (M-PCR) to simultaneously detect Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Mycoplasma genitalium, Trichomonas vaginalis, HSV-1 and -2, and Treponema pallidum. A total of 838 women aged 18 to 68 years were screened using Papanicolaou smears for cervical abnormalities, HPV and non-HPV STDs using PCR and M-PCR methods...
2016: American Journal of Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27227411/lack-of-significant-effects-of-chlamydia-trachomatis-infection-on-cervical-adenocarcinoma-risk-nested-case-control-study
#5
Vitaly Smelov, Tarik Gheit, Karin Sundström, Alexander Ploner, Sandrine McKay-Chopin, Carina Eklund, Massimo Tommasino, Joakim Dillner
BACKGROUND: A role of Chlamydia trachomatis in HPV-induced cervical carcinogenesis has been reported for cervical cancer but studies on cervical adenocarcinoma are limited. METHODS: A total of 1,553 cervical smears taken up to 26 years before diagnosis in a large population-based nested case-control study of cervical adenocarcinoma (AC, 132 cases with matched controls), and adenocarcinoma in situ (AIS, 159 cases with matched controls) were tested for C. trachomatis and HPV DNA by a type-specific PCR bead-based multiplex genotyping (TS-MPG) assay...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27043670/chlamydia-trachomatis-infection-associated-risk-of-cervical-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Haiyan Zhu, Zhaojun Shen, Hui Luo, Wenwen Zhang, Xueqiong Zhu
As whether Chlamydia trachomatis infection increases the risk of cervical cancer is controversial in the literature, we performed a meta-analysis.Based on a comprehensive search of publications in the Medline, Cochrane, and EMBASE databases, we identified and extracted data from all relevant articles examining C. trachomatis infection and the risk of cervical cancer. The quality of each included study was assessed according to the 9-star Newcastle-Ottawa scale. The strength of association between the C. trachomatis and risk of cervical cancer was estimated by odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs)...
March 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27042571/association-of-genital-infections-other-than-human-papillomavirus-with-pre-invasive-and-invasive-cervical-neoplasia
#7
REVIEW
Ishita Ghosh, Ranajit Mandal, Pratip Kundu, Jaydip Biswas
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a well-established causative agent of malignancy of the female genital tract and a common Sexually Transmitted Infection. The probable co-factors that prevent spontaneous clearance of HPV and progression to neoplasia are genital tract infections from organisms like Chlamydia, Trichomonas vaginalis etc, smoking, nutritional deficiencies and multiparity. Inflammatory conditions can lead to pre-neoplastic manifestations in the cervical epithelium; however their specific role in cervical carcinogenesis is not yet established...
February 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26944507/hpv-genotypes-distribution-in-chlamydia-trachomatis-co-infection-in-a-large-cohort-of-women-from-north-east-italy
#8
Silva Seraceni, Giuseppina Campisciano, Carlo Contini, Manola Comar
Human papillomavirus (HPV) and Chlamydia trachomatis are pathogens with oncogenic potential associated with persistent infections. Epidemiological data on C. trachomatis infection status, C. trachomatis/HPV co-infection and the relationship between HPV genotypes in Italian women are only preliminary. The aim of the present study was to characterize the relationship between HPV genotypes and C. trachomatis in an extending cohort of asymptomatic immunocompetent women from an area of north-east Italy. A retrospective study was conducted using Luminex technology on cervical swabs from asymptomatic immunocompetent women, comprising 921 attending the prevention centre for the Cervical Cancer Program and 6214 who had been referred to the Sexually Transmitted Infections Center, with clinical indications of HPV and C...
May 2016: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26904785/screening-for-chlamydia-is-acceptable-and-feasible-during-cervical-screening-in-general-practice
#9
S J Hassan, E Dunphy, E Navin, L Marron, C Fitzsimmons, A Loy, B O'Shea
The incidence of Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) & Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) are rising in Ireland. Both are often undiagnosed and may cause infertility amongst other complications. CT/NG screening is not routinely offered during cervical cancer screening. This study aimed to ascertain the feasibility and acceptability of screening for CT/NG at time of smear and to measure the diagnostic yield. Screening was offered to women aged 25-40 years attending four participating general practices as part of Cervical Check...
January 2016: Irish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26885039/characteristics-of-bacterial-vaginosis-infection-in-cervical-lesions-with-high-risk-human-papillomavirus-infection
#10
Huan Lu, Peng-Cheng Jiang, Xiao-Dan Zhang, Wen-Jing Hou, Zhen-Hong Wei, Jia-Qi Lu, Hao Zhang, Guang-Xu Xu, Yuan-Ping Chen, Yuan Ren, Li Wang, Rong Zhang, Ying Han
UNLABELLED: High risk human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the major cause of cervical cancer. Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is considered as the most prevalent vaginal imbalance affecting women of reproductive age. However, the relationship between HPV and BV infection is unclear. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection combined with bacterial vaginosis (BV) infection in Shanghai suburbs and evaluate associations between bacterial vaginosis with HPV infection, cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) and cervical cancer...
2015: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26871581/systems-biology-approaches-for-the-prediction-of-possible-role-of-chlamydia-pneumoniae-proteins-in-the-etiology-of-lung-cancer
#11
Shahanavaj Khan, Ahamad Imran, Abdul Arif Khan, Mohd Abul Kalam, Aws Alshamsan
Accumulating evidence has recently supported the association of bacterial infection with the growth and development of cancers, particularly in organs that are constantly exposed to bacteria such as the lungs, colon, cervical cancer etc. Our in silico study on the proteome of Chlamydia pneumoniae suggests an unprecedented idea of the etiology of lung cancer and have revealed that the infection of C. pneumoniae is associated with lung cancer development and growth. It is reasonable to assume that C. pneumoniae transports its proteins within host-intracellular organelles during infection, where they may work with host-cell proteome...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26841046/association-of-human-papillomavirus-and-chlamydia-trachomatis-with-intraepithelial-alterations-in-cervix-samples
#12
Denise Wohlmeister, Débora Renz Barreto Vianna, Virgínia Etges Helfer, Fabrícia Gimenes, Marcia Edilaine Lopes Consolaro, Regina Bones Barcellos, Maria Lucia Rossetti, Luciane Noal Calil, Andréia Buffon, Diogo André Pilger
The influence of different infectious agents and their association with human papillomavirus (HPV) in cervical carcinogenesis have not been completely elucidated. This study describes the association between cytological changes in cervical epithelium and the detection of the most relevant aetiological agents of sexually transmitted diseases. Samples collected from 169 patients were evaluated by conventional cytology followed by molecular analysis to detect HPV DNA, Chlamydia trachomatis, herpes simplex virus 1 and 2,Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Mycoplasma genitalium, Trichomonas vaginalis, andTreponema pallidum, besides genotyping for most common high-risk HPV...
February 2016: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26824201/drop-in-rates-of-chlamydia-testing-attributed-to-less-frequent-cervical-cancer-screening
#13
COMMENT
Sharon Bond
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26808155/the-influence-of-hormonal-factors-on-the-risk-of-developing-cervical-cancer-and-pre-cancer-results-from-the-epic-cohort
#14
Esther Roura, Noémie Travier, Tim Waterboer, Silvia de Sanjosé, F Xavier Bosch, Michael Pawlita, Valeria Pala, Elisabete Weiderpass, Núria Margall, Joakim Dillner, Inger T Gram, Anne Tjønneland, Christian Munk, Domenico Palli, Kay-Tee Khaw, Kim Overvad, Françoise Clavel-Chapelon, Sylvie Mesrine, Agnès Fournier, Renée T Fortner, Jennifer Ose, Annika Steffen, Antonia Trichopoulou, Pagona Lagiou, Philippos Orfanos, Giovanna Masala, Rosario Tumino, Carlotta Sacerdote, Silvia Polidoro, Amalia Mattiello, Eiliv Lund, Petra H Peeters, H B as Bueno-de-Mesquita, J Ramón Quirós, María-José Sánchez, Carmen Navarro, Aurelio Barricarte, Nerea Larrañaga, Johanna Ekström, David Lindquist, Annika Idahl, Ruth C Travis, Melissa A Merritt, Marc J Gunter, Sabina Rinaldi, Massimo Tommasino, Silvia Franceschi, Elio Riboli, Xavier Castellsagué
BACKGROUND: In addition to HPV, high parity and hormonal contraceptives have been associated with cervical cancer (CC). However, most of the evidence comes from retrospective case-control studies. The aim of this study is to prospectively evaluate associations between hormonal factors and risk of developing cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 3 (CIN3)/carcinoma in situ (CIS) and invasive cervical cancer (ICC). METHODS AND FINDINGS: We followed a cohort of 308,036 women recruited in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) Study...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26807957/chlamydia-trachomatis-frequency-in-a-cohort-of-hpv-infected-colombian-women
#15
Edith Margarita Quinónez-Calvache, Dora Inés Ríos-Chaparro, Juan David Ramírez, Sara Cecilia Soto-De León, Milena Camargo, Luisa Del Río-Ospina, Ricardo Sánchez, Manuel Elkin Patarroyo, Manuel Alfonso Patarroyo
BACKGROUND: Chlamydia trachomatis (C. trachomatis), an obligate intracellular bacterium, is the commonest infectious bacterial agent of sexual transmission throughout the world. It has been shown that the presence of this bacteria in the cervix represents a risk regarding HPV persistence and, thereafter, in developing cervical cancer (CC). Prevalence rates may vary from 2% to 17% in asymptomatic females, depending on the population being analysed. This study reports the identification of C...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26779280/human-papillomavirus-genotypes-distribution-among-gabonese-women-with-normal-cytology-and-cervical-abnormalities
#16
Samira Zoa Assoumou, Angelique Ndjoyi Mbiguino, Barthelemy Mabika Mabika, Sidonie Nguizi Ogoula, Mohammed El Mzibri, Abdelkrim Khattabi, My Mustapha Ennaji
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is one of the most common tumors affecting women with a disproportionate mortality occurring in developing countries. Despite the high prevalence of cervical cancer and cervical neoplasia in Gabon, few studies have been performed to evaluate the prevalence and determinants of HPV infection in this country. The aim of this study was to determine the HPV prevalence and distribution in a population of Gabonese women with normal cytology and cervical abnormalities...
2016: Infectious Agents and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26761101/prevalence-of-chlamydia-trachomatis-infection-among-women-seen-at-the-lower-genital-tract-pathology-clinic-jundia%C3%A3-school-of-medicine-brazil
#17
João Bosco Ramos Borges, Ana Carolina Marchesini, Luciana Francine Bocchi De Stefani, Marcus Vinícius Gonçalves Belintani, Thaís Andrea Dos Santos
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis in a population with a high risk of sexually transmitted diseases and to compare data of the literature and the relationship of infection with the presence of human papilloma virus induced lesions. METHODS: A total of 28 hybrid capture tests for C. trachomatis were collected from patients referred to the Municipal Health Division of the city of Jundiaí (SP) for the lower genital tract pathology. The results were compared with findings in the literature, and with the test results from a general population of the city of Jundiaí...
September 2011: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26447835/screening-for-cervical-cancer-and-sexually-transmitted-diseases-among-hiv-infected-women
#18
Emma L Frazier, Madeline Y Sutton, Yunfeng Tie, A D McNaghten, Janet M Blair, Jacek Skarbinski
BACKGROUND: Women living with HIV infection are at higher risk for cervical cancer, an AIDS-defining diagnosis. We examined the prevalence of cervical cancer and sexually transmitted disease (STD) screening among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected women and factors associated with the receipt of Papanicolaou (Pap) tests. METHODS: We did a cross-sectional analysis of weighted data from a sample of HIV-infected adults receiving outpatient medical care. We used matched interview (report of Pap test) and medical record data (STD screenings) from HIV-infected women...
February 2016: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26195682/impact-of-cervical-cancer-screening-guidelines-on-screening-for-chlamydia
#19
MULTICENTER STUDY
Allison Ursu, Ananda Sen, Mack Ruffin
The highest prevalence of chlamydia infection in the United States is among people aged 15 to 24 years. We assessed the impact of not doing routine cervical cancer screening on the rates of chlamydia screening in women aged 15 to 21 years. We classified visits to family medicine ambulatory clinics according to their timing relative to the 2009 guideline change that led to more restrictive cervical cancer screening. Women had higher odds of being screened for chlamydia before vs after the guideline change (odds ratio = 13...
July 2015: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26123561/reduction-in-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-type-prevalence-among-young-women-screened-for-cervical-cancer-in-an-integrated-us-healthcare-delivery-system-in-2007-and-2012-2013
#20
Eileen F Dunne, Allison Naleway, Ning Smith, Bradley Crane, Sheila Weinmann, Jim Braxton, Martin Steinau, Elizabeth R Unger, Lauri E Markowitz
BACKGROUND: In the United States, human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine is recommended for 11- or 12-year-olds, and for young adults not previously vaccinated. Early vaccine impact can be measured by reductions in vaccine-type (VT) HPV prevalence. METHODS: Consecutive residual cervical specimens were retained from women aged 20-29 years at Kaiser Permanente Northwest in 2007, 2012, and 2013. HPV genotypes were determined using L1 consensus polymerase chain reaction with type-specific hybridization to detect 37 types, including VT HPV (HPV type 6, 11, 16, and 18)...
December 15, 2015: Journal of Infectious Diseases
keyword
keyword
99008
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"