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Osama A Marglani, Ameen Z Alherabi, Islam R Herzallah, Faisal A Saati, Enas A Tantawy, Talal A Alandejani, Hani S Faidah, Naif A Bawazeer, Abdullah A Marghalani, Tariq A Madani
BACKGROUND: The presence of large number of pilgrims during Hajj in Makkah region increases the risk of respiratory diseases. In this study, we aimed to assess the bacteriology of acute rhinosinusitis (ARS) during Hajj season and to demonstrate the antimicrobial susceptibility patterns that should guide the clinicians towards more appropriate antibiotic use. METHODS: Patients with ARS presenting during Hajj season of 2014 were prospectively enrolled. According to EPOS2012 criteria...
November 23, 2016: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
Gulshad Hasan, Hanan Moabber, Arwa Alyamani, Ahmed Sayeed, Faisal Altatar
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Each year millions of Muslims perform pilgrimage to Makkah, Saudi Arabia. It is particularly stressful during the peak five days, when all rituals have to be performed at specific periods of time at different sites. Poor diabetes control in people with diabetes predisposes to morbidity and increases risk of acute complications. We wanted to see how well their blood glucose control was before coming to Hajj and whether they were aware, about self management of Diabetes and what were reasons for hospital admissions...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Ayman Khalid Johargy
Objective: To determine the antimicrobial susceptibility of the most common bacterial and fungal infections among infected diabetic patients. Methods: This study was conducted at the Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia, from June 2011 to June 2012, and comprised specimens collected from diabetics. Antibiotic susceptibility test using disc diffusion method was performed for bacterial isolates, and antifungal susceptibility test using colorimetric method for candida isolates...
October 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Anas A Khan, Eric K Noji
The Hajj is an annual religious mass gathering that takes place in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. The complexity of its system is multidimensional, with religious, political, cultural, security, economic, communication, operational, and logistic unique challenges. This year, yet another stampede tragedy that caused around a 1,000 deaths and severe injuries, capturing worldwide media attention and exacerbating existing political tensions across the Gulf coasts was faced. Planning is important but the planning process is more important, requiring systematic analysis based on accurate collected and targeting root cause factors...
2016: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
Sahar Mahfouz Abdel Galil, Azzahra Mohammed Edrees, Afnan Khaled Ajeeb, Ghadeer Sameer Aldoobi, Mohamed El-Boshy, Waleed Hussain
Hematological abnormalities, especially thrombocytopenia (TCP), are highly prevalent among patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and at the same time it has been reported as a significant prognostic factor of SLE course. We further investigate the correlation between platelet count and the clinical manifestations and disease activity of SLE, in a cohort of Saudi Arabian female patients. A retrospective analysis was done for the medical records of 100 SLE female patients, selected from all patients diagnosed and treated for SLE at the Rheumatology outpatient clinics in Hera'a General Hospital, Holly Makkah, Saudi Arabia...
September 2, 2016: Platelets
Mohammed Abdulwahab Flimban, Dalal Fouad Abduljabar, Khalid Obaid Dhafar, Basma Abdulhameed Deiab, Zohair Jamil Gazzaz, Abasra Usman Bansuan, Abeer Ahmad Balbed, Ahmad Mohammed Al-Shaikhi, Sultan Saad Al-Motari, Muhammad Imran Suliman
OBJECTIVE: To assess the frequency and its correlation of patient fall with preventing or precipitating factors among inpatients. METHODS: The observational study was conducted in Makkah Region, Saudi Arabia from October 15 2012 to November 4, 2013. Data was collected using a questionnaire from 16 hospitals in four districts of Makkah province. The material was sampled through systematic randomisation from inpatient files and data was collected for those who had fallen inside the hospital...
August 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Thongpan Leangapichart, Philippe Gautret, Karolina Griffiths, Khadidja Belhouchat, Ziad Memish, Didier Raoult, Jean-Marc Rolain
Pilgrims returning from the Hajj (pilgrimage to Mecca) can be carriers of multidrug-resistant bacteria (MDR). Pharyngeal and rectal swab samples were collected from 98 pilgrims before and after they traveled to the Hajj in 2014 to investigate the acquisition of MDR bacteria. The bacterial diversity in pharyngeal swab samples was assessed by culture with selective media. There was a significantly higher diversity of bacteria in samples collected after the return from the Hajj than in those collected before (P = 0...
October 2016: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Muhammad Abdul Hadi, Nedaa Ali Karami, Anhar S Al-Muwalid, Areej Al-Otabi, Eshtyaq Al-Subahi, Asmaa Bamomen, Mahmoud M A Mohamed, Mahmoud E Elrggal
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate knowledge, attitude, and practices of community pharmacists towards dispensing antibiotics without prescription (DAwP) in Makkah Province, Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted between January and February 2016 using a structured, validated, and pilot-tested questionnaire. A four-step systematic approach was used to recruit community pharmacists who completed a 28-item questionnaire either in English or Arabic language based on their personal preference...
June 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Abdul Haseeb, Hani Saleh Faidah, Abdul Rahman Bakhsh, Waleed Hassan Al Malki, Mahmoud E Elrggal, Fahad Saleem, Shafiq Ur Rahman, Tahir Mehmood Khan, Mohamed Azmi Hassali
OBJECTIVE: To identify commonly reported community-acquired organisms and antimicrobial resistance patterns exhibited by Gram-positive and Gram-negative pathogens among pilgrims visiting emergency care departments in Makkah. METHOD: The study was designed as a retrospective audit of all patients (pilgrims) admitted to two hospitals and residing in the city of Makkah, Saudi Arabia. RESULTS: Among 374 isolates, Gram-negative pathogens accounted for 280 (75%), while the remaining 94 (25%) were Gram-positive organisms...
June 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Bader Hamza Shirah, Syed Husham Zafar, Olayan Ali Alferaidi, Abdul Momin Muhammad Sabir
The planned annual Hajj to the holy shrines in Makkah, Saudi Arabia, is recognized as one of the largest recurring religious mass gatherings globally, and the outbreak of infectious diseases is of major concern. We aim to study the incidence, etiology, risk factors, length of hospital stay, and mortality rate of pneumonia amongst pilgrims admitted to Al-Ansar general hospital, Madinah, Saudi Arabia during the Hajj period of December 2004-November 2013. A retrospective analysis of all patients diagnosed and admitted as pneumonia was done...
June 1, 2016: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Ahmed Faisal, Mahmoud Elshahat, Reda Goweda, Arij Alzaidi, Bashaer Aldhawani, Hibah Alharbi
BACKGROUND: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is one of the major health problems which is characterized by excessive fat accumulation in the liver. Worldwide, NAFLD has a reported prevalence of 6 to 35 percent in the general population. The prevalence of NAFLD has increased as more patients develop a sedentary lifestyle, metabolic syndrome, and obesity. AIM & OBJECTIVES: To study cardiovascular disease risk factors among NAFLD patients aiming to reduce morbidity and mortality...
2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Rayd Algowaihi, Sami Ashgar, Bashir Sirag, Sheerin Shalam, Anmar Nassir, Abdalla Ahmed
Multidrug-resistant (MDR) Gram-negative infections represent a growing problem and a serious global threat. Carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae is perhaps cause the most difficult infection to treat and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Here, we report the draft genome sequence of an MDR K. pneumoniae strain isolated from Makkah, Saudi Arabia.
2016: Genome Announcements
Ayman K Johargy
BACKGROUND: Erythrovirus B19 infection is associated with clinical symptoms that range from mild to severe. The common clinical presentation of B19 virus (B19V) infection is erythema infectiosum, arthropathy, aplastic crisis, and fetal infection. Infection in seronegative pregnant women can lead to fetal hydrops. OBJECTIVES: To determine the seroprevalence of immunoglobulin G (IgG) to erythrovirus B19 in Saudi pregnant women in the cities of Makkah and Jeddah in Saudi Arabia...
May 2016: Journal of Family & Community Medicine
Osama Adnan Kensara, Firas Sultan Azzeh
OBJECTIVE: To assess the nutritional status of low birth weight infants from Makkah area immediately after birth. METHODS: The prospective study was conducted between October and December 2012 at Al-Noor Speciality Hospital, Makkah, Saudi Arabia, and comprised low birth weight infants who were divided into three equal groups according to their birth weight: group A (low birthweight1501-2500gm), group B (very low birthweight1001-1500gm), and group C (extremely low birth weight < 1000gm)...
April 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Santosh Dnyanmote
At the invitation of the director of The National Eye Center, Kaduna, Nigeria and The Makkah Eye Hospital of Khartoum, Sudan I visited both these institutions to teach phacoemulsification surgery to their aspiring surgeons on Visalis 100 (Carl Zeiss Meditec, Germany). This article highlights the experience of teaching phacoemulsification surgery in foreign African countries like Nigeria and Sudan. In Nigeria I had the opportunity to give training in both wet lab and live surgery settings whereas in Sudan only hands-on live surgery...
April 2015: Romanian Journal of Ophthalmology
Thongpan Leangapichart, Ndèye Méry Dia, Abiola Olumuyiwa Olaitan, Philippe Gautret, Philippe Brouqui, Jean-Marc Rolain
We reported the acquisition of extended-spectrum-β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing bacteria in rectal samples of 129 pilgrims during the 2013 Hajj (pilgrimage to Makkah). When returning from the Hajj, there was a significant increase in the number of pilgrims carrying E. coli resistant to ceftriaxone (P = 0.008). The CTX-M gene was detected in rectal samples, with the detection rate increasing from 10.08% to 32.56% of samples after the Hajj (P < 0.001).
May 2016: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Mubashir A Khan, Aftab Faiz
BACKGROUND: The clinical significance of Pseudomonas aeruginosa has greatly increased due to its ability to rapidly develop resistance to major groups of antibiotics. OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to determine the pattern of antimicrobial resistance of P aeruginosa. DESIGN: Prospective, descriptive study. SETTING: Four tertiary care hospitals in Makkah and Jeddah. METHODS: Clinical isolates of P aeruginosa were processed following standard microbiological procedures...
January 2016: Annals of Saudi Medicine
Amal Zaghloul, T A M A Al-Bukhari, Nada Bajuaifer, Maged Shalaby, H A Al-Pakistani, Saeed H Halawani, Shirin H Teama, Ghada A Wassif
BACKGROUND: Many formulas from red blood cell (RCB) indices are instructed to differentiate between iron deficiency anemia (IDA) and beta thalassemia trait. None had 100% Youden index. AIM OF THE WORK: To introduce two new formulas and evaluate them in the differentiation between IDA and beta thalassemia trait in adults Saudi (male and female; male; female) in the Makkah region. Furthermore, to evaluate the previous formulas in our population. METHODS: A total of 249 participants, 91 with IDA, 123 with beta thalassemia trait, and 35 healthy persons...
July 2016: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
Suhana Hashim, Zeti N Ayub, Zeehaida Mohamed, Habsah Hasan, Azian Harun, Nabilah Ismail, Zaidah A Rahman, Siti Suraiya, Nyi Nyi Naing, Aniza A Aziz
BACKGROUND: Respiratory illness continues to exert a burden on hajj pilgrims in Makkah. The purpose of this study is to determine the prevalence of respiratory illness and its associated factors among Malaysian hajj pilgrims in 2013 and to describe its preventive measures. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Makkah and Malaysia during the 2013 hajj season. A self-administered proforma on social demographics, previous experience of hajj or umrah, smoking habits, co-morbid illness and practices of preventive measures against respiratory illness were obtained...
February 2016: Journal of Travel Medicine
Moath Bin Homaid, Doaa Abdelmoety, Waleed Alshareef, Amer Alghamdi, Fareed Alhozali, Naif Alfahmi, Wael Hafiz, Abdulrahman Alzahrani, Soha Elmorsy
BACKGROUND: Low Back Pain (LBP) is the commonest musculoskeletal disorder and an important occupational hazard among healthcare workers (HCWs) that peaks among Operating Room (OR) staff. This cross-sectional study aimed to assess the prevalence, characteristics, and risk factors of low back pain among operating room (OR) staff in a tertiary healthcare center in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A 39-item self-administered questionnaire was distributed to all available OR staff...
2016: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
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