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Mushary H Al-Dakheel, Hassan K Haridi, Bushra M Al-Bashir, Ali M Al-Shangiti, Sulaiman N Al-Shehri, Izzeldin Hussein
OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to assess household coverage with iodized salt in Saudi Arabia, and to determine adequacy of salt iodization. METHODS: A school-based cross-sectional study using WHO 30-cluster survey methodology. RESULTS: Analysis of 4242 salt samples using qualitative rapid test kit (RTK) revealed that 68.7% (95% CI 67.3-70.1%) were iodized with significant regional differences (p < 0.001). The highest iodized salt samples came from Makkah (82...
February 28, 2018: Nutrition Journal
Asim M Zowgar, Muhammad I Siddiqui, Khalid M Alattas
OBJECTIVES: To determine the level of diabetes knowledge and to identify the main knowledge gaps among patients with diabetes (both types 1 and 2) as there is a high prevalence of diabetes in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Makkah city, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and included governmental primary healthcare centers and hospitals from November 2016 until February 2017. A self-administrated Diabetes Knowledge Test 2 (DKT2) was used to determine the level of diabetes knowledge...
February 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
Anwar M Hashem, Esam I Azhar, Sarah Shalhoub, Turki S Abujamel, Norah A Othman, Abdulwahab B Al Zahrani, Hanan M Abdullah, Maha M Al-Alawi, Anees A Sindi
The emerged influenza A/H1N1pdm09 viruses have replaced the previously circulating seasonal H1N1 viruses. The close antigenic properties of these viruses to the 1918 H1N1 pandemic viruses and their post-pandemic evolution pattern could further enhance their adaptation and pathogenicity in humans representing a major public health threat. Given that data on the dynamics and evolution of these viruses in Saudi Arabia is sparse we investigated the genetic diversity of circulating influenza A/H1N1pdm09 viruses from Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, by analyzing 39 full genomes from isolates obtained between 2014-2015, from patients with varying symptoms...
February 2, 2018: Archives of Virology
Nisreen Adnan Ashour, Amal Adnan Ashour, Sakeena Basha
BACKGROUND: Dental caries and obesity are multifactorial diseases with diet being a common contributory factor. OBJECTIVE: The main purpose of the present study was to investigate the association between dental caries and obesity among special care female school children in Makkah City, Saudi Arabia. DESIGN: Analytical cross-sectional study. SETTING: Special schools in Makkah City. STUDY POPULATION AND METHODS: Schools were chosen by lottery and female children were ran...
December 31, 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
Abdulaziz A AlBaker, Yazed Sulaiman H Al-Ruthia, Mohammed AlShehri, Samar Alshuwairikh
Background: The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has shown steady growth in the dental workforce over the last 20 years. Although the number of dental colleges has significantly increased in the last decade, there is not any study so far that described the status of the licensed dentist workforce in the kingdom. The present study aimed to explore the demographic distribution and professional characteristics of licensed dentist workforce in Saudi Arabia. Methods: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study using the Saudi Commission for Health Specialties (SCFHS) database to identify the number of licensed dentists in Saudi Arabia as well as their professional and demographic characteristics as of December 2016...
December 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
Najlaa Aljefree, Patricia Lee, Faruk Ahmed
Abstract: Vitamin D deficiency is widespread in Saudi Arabia. The aim of this study was to explore participants' knowledge about vitamin D and attitudes toward sun exposure. The study also aimed to explore the social and cultural factors that might potentially contribute to vitamin D deficiency in Saudi Arabia. Face-to-face interviews were carried out in the cities of Jeddah and Makkah between May and October 2015. The interview questions were semi-structured, and the data was analyzed using thematic analysis...
October 16, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
Mahmoud Aly, Mohamed Elrobh, Maha Alzayer, Sameera Aljuhani, Hanan Balkhy
The emergence of the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infections has become a global issue of dire concerns. MERS-CoV infections have been identified in many countries all over the world whereas high level occurrences have been documented in the Middle East and Korea. MERS-CoV is mainly spreading across the geographical region of the Middle East, especially in the Arabian Peninsula, while some imported sporadic cases were reported from the Europe, North America, Africa, and lately Asia...
2017: PloS One
Ihsan A M Al-Affan, Simon C Evans, Mohammed Qutub, Richard P Hugtenburg
A novel technique to optimise the length of a linear accelerator treatment room maze without compromising radiation protection I A M Al-Affan†, S C Evans‡, M Qutub†,1 and R P Hugtenburg†,‡ †Swansea University, Swansea SA2 8PP, UK ‡Department of Medical Physics and Clinical Engineering, Singleton Hospital, Swansea, SA2 8QA, UK 1Department of Physics, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia Abstract Simulations with the FLUKA Monte Carlo code were used to establish the possibility of using lead to cover the existing concrete walls of a linear accelerator treatment room maze, in order to reduce the dose of the scattered photons at the maze entrance...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
Abdullah A Almalki, Rosliza Abdul Manaf, Muhamad Hanafiah Juni, Hayati Kadir Shahar, Noramaliza Mohd Noor, Abdelsafi Gabbad
BACKGROUND: Repetition of an image is a critical event in any radiology department. When the repetition rate of routine digital chest radiographs is high, radiation exposure of staff and patients is increased. In addition, repetition consumes the equipment's life span, thus affecting the annual budget of the department. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to determine the impact of a printed educational module on reducing the repetition rate of routine digital chest radiography among radiographers in Makkah Region tertiary hospitals...
September 26, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
Oyelola A Adegboye, Ezra Gayawan, Fahad Hanna
BACKGROUND: Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus is a contagious respiratory pathogen that is contracted via close contact with an infected subject. Transmission of the pathogen has occurred through animal-to-human contact at first followed by human-to-human contact within families and health care facilities. DATA AND METHODS: This study is based on a retrospective analysis of the Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus outbreak in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia between June 2012 and July 2015...
2017: PloS One
Einas S Elwali, Ahmed O Almobarak, Mona A Hassan, Amir A Mahmooud, Heitham Awadalla, Mohamed H Ahmed
AIM: To assess the frequency and associated risk factors of diabetic retinopathy among Sudanese individuals with diabetes attending Makka Eye complex in Khartoum, Sudan. METHODS: The cross sectional hospital based study recruited 316 individuals with diabetes from Makkah Eye Complex Retina Clinic. Standard questionnaire was used to collect demographic data, medical history and life style characteristics. Blood samples were taken to measure HbA1c and lipid profile...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Mohammed A Almekhlafi, Maher A Alhazmi, Sarah S Alsulami, Soha A Almorsy
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence of stroke among pilgrims and describe factors associated with presentation and management during Hajj. Physical stress, age and vascular risk factors render pilgrims at a high risk of stroke. METHODS: This is a prospective registry of all acute stroke patients admitted to 6 hospitals during the 2015 Hajj season from 9 September to 4 November. Participating hospitals were King Abdullah Medical City (KAMC), Al-Noor, King Abdulaziz hospital, King Faisal hospital, Hira, and Mena general hospitals; all in Makkah city...
July 2017: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
Rabab Al-Kutbe, Anne Payne, Anne de Looy, Gail A Rees
BACKGROUND: Obesity rates in Saudi Arabia are amongst the highest in the world. It is known that teenage girls are less active than teenage boys, but less is known about the diet and activity patterns in younger girls. Therefore this study sought to investigate dietary intake and daily physical activity in girls aged 8-11 years old in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: This was a cross- sectional observational study conducted in seven schools across the city of Makkah. A total of 266 girls had anthropometric measurements taken including height, weight, waist circumference and body fat estimations...
June 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
Tahani H Nageeti, Arwa A N Abdelhameed, Raid A Jastania, Rania M Felemban
OBJECTIVE: To assess the perspective of Saudi women in the Makkah region on breast cancer awareness and early detection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A mixed method study was conducted among 25-65 years old healthy Saudi females from Makkah region during the awareness campaign in October 2014. The participants were recruited by personal invitations at the women's places of work and social gatherings. The initial invitations were issued by either the research coordinator or the investigator...
May 2017: Journal of Family & Community Medicine
Meshaal S Alotaibi, Abdulaziz M Alsubaie, Khaled A Almohaimede, Turki A Alotaibi, Omar A Alharbi, Abdulrahman F Aljadoa, Abdulaziz H Alhamad, Mazin Barry
BACKGROUND: Approximately, 80% of the many cases of the Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) confirmed worldwide were diagnosed in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). The risk of the disease spreading internationally is especially worrying given the role of KSA as the home of the most important Islamic pilgrimage sites. This means the need to assess Arab pilgrims' awareness of MERS-CoV is of paramount importance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out during Ramadan 2015 in the Holy Mosque in Makkah, Saudi Arabia...
May 2017: Journal of Family & Community Medicine
Manal M Al-Gethamy, Hani S Faidah, Hamed Ademola Adetunji, Abdul Haseeb, Sami S Ashgar, Tayeb K Mohanned, Al-Haj Mohammed, Muhammad Khurram, Mohamed A Hassali
Objective To determine risk factors for multi-drug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (MDR-AB) nosocomial infections in intensive care units in a tertiary care hospital, Makkah, Saudi Arabia. Methods We performed a hospital-based, matched case-control study in patients who were admitted to Al Noor Specialist Hospital between 1 January 2012 and 31 August 2012. The study included cases of A. baumannii nosocomial infection and controls without infection. Controls were matched to cases by age and ward of admission...
June 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
Ahmed M Ashshi, Saad Alghamdi, Adel G El-Shemi, Sabir Almdani, Bassem Refaat, Amr M Mohamed, Hani O Ghazi, Esam I Azhar, Faisal A Al-Allaf
BACKGROUND: Threat to blood transfusion-transmitted dengue virus (DENV) and its antibodies has recently emerged worldwide. Dengue fever is an endemic disease in Saudi Arabia, particularly in its Western region. The aim of this study was to estimate the seroprevalence of asymptomatic DENV infection and its antibodies among eligible Saudi blood donors. METHODS: Serum samples from 910 healthy/eligible adult male Saudi blood donors, who reside in Holy Makkah City of Saudi Arabia, were collected between March 2015 and August 2016 and screened for the detection of DENV nonstructural protein 1 (NS1) antigen and anti-DENV IgM and IgG antibodies using commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kits (Panbio, Brisbane, QLD, Australia)...
2017: Virology: Research and Treatment
Amr Mohamed Mohamed, Mona Abdelfattah Ahmed, Sabah Abdelghany Ahmed, Sherif Ahmed Al-Semany, Saad Saed Alghamdi, Dina Abdulla Zaglool
BACKGROUND: Blastocystis, a genetically diverse intestinal parasite with controversial pathogenic potential, has increasingly been incriminated for diarrheal illness in immunocompromised individuals including colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. The aim of the current study was to assess the possible association between Blastocystis infection and CRC condition in Makkah, Saudi Arabia (KSA). METHODS: Stool samples were collected from 80 non-cancer (NC) and 138 cancer subjects including 74 CRC patients and 64 patients with other cancers outside gastrointestinal tract (COGT)...
2017: Infectious Agents and Cancer
Raafat T Mohamed, Mohammed A El-Bali, Anhar A Mohamed, Mona A Abdel-Fatah, Mohamed A El-Malky, Nawras M Mowafy, Dina A Zaghlool, Rowaida A Bakri, Saeed A Al-Harthi
BACKGROUND: Blastocystis is a group of cosmopolitan gastrointestinal parasite of humans and a wide variety of animals. These anaerobic protozoans include more than 17 specific small-subunit ribosomal RNA subtypes, of which nine are found in humans with a variable geographical distribution. Until now, no study has described the Blastocystis subtypes present in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: In total, 1,262 faecal samples were collected from patients with gastrointestinal complaints and asymptomatic individuals visiting two major hospitals...
April 7, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
Ashwaq M Al Nazawi, Jabir Aqili, Mohammed Alzahrani, Philip J McCall, David Weetman
BACKGROUND: Pyrethroid resistance is a threat to effective vector control of Aedes aegypti, the vector of dengue, Zika and other arboviruses, but there are many major knowledge gaps on the mechanisms of resistance. In Jeddah and Makkah, the principal dengue-endemic areas of Saudi Arabia, pyrethroids are used widely for Ae. aegypti control but information about resistance remains sparse, and the underlying genetic basis is unknown. Findings from an ongoing study in this internationally significant area are reported here...
March 27, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
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