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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745981/evaluation-of-biochemical-endocrine-and-metabolic-biomarkers-for-the-early-diagnosis-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-among-non-obese-saudi-women
#1
Maha H Daghestani
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the potential of selected biochemical, endocrine, and metabolic biomarkers for early diagnosis of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) among non-obese women. METHODS: A prospective observational cross-sectional study was conducted at three medical centers in Makkah, Saudi Arabia, between July 15 and September 20, 2017. Eligible participants were non-obese women diagnosed with PCOS according to the Rotterdam criteria (n=44) and non-obese normo-ovulatory women without signs of PCOS (control group; n=44)...
May 10, 2018: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621534/diversity-of-dengue-virus-3-genotype-iii-in-jeddah-saudi-arabia
#2
Anwar M Hashem, Sayed S Sohrab, Sherif A El-Kafrawy, Adly M M Abd-Alla, Saeid Abo El-Ela, Turki S Abujamel, Ahmed M Hassan, Suha A Farraj, Noura A Othman, Remi N Charrel, Esam I Azhar
BACKGROUND: Dengue is the most important arboviral disease in tropical and subtropical countries. Dispersal of the vector and an increase in migratory flow between countries have led to large epidemics and severe clinical outcomes. Over the past 20 years, dengue epidemics have become more wide-spread and frequent. Previous studies have shown that dengue is endemic in Jeddah, Makkah and Al-Madinah in western Saudi Arabia as well as in Jazan region in the southern part of the country. The four serotypes of dengue virus (DENV) have been reported from western Saudi Arabia...
April 2, 2018: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619496/barriers-to-special-care-patients-with-mental-illness-receiving-oral-healthcare-a-cross-sectional-study-in-the-holy-city-of-makkah-saudi-arabia
#3
Mohsen K Aljabri, Ibrahim Z Gadibalban, Aboelezz M Kalboush, Hesham S Sadek, Hassan H Abed
To assess barriers to patients with mental illness receiving oral healthcare in Makkah city, Saudi Arabia. Methods: This was a 3-month cross-sectional study from the Department of Psychiatry at Al-Noor, Specialist Hospital in Makkah city, Saudi Arabia, between January 2017 and April 2017. A structured questionnaire with closed-ended questions was considered. A total of 161 psychiatric patients were recruited, made up of 81 male (50.3%) and 80 female (49.7%) participants. Simple descriptive statistics were used to define the characteristics of the study variables, through a form of counts and percentages...
April 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605794/potentiality-of-neopestalotiopsis-clavispora-asu1-in-biosorption-of-cadmium-and-zinc
#4
Sedky H A Hassan, Mostafa Koutb, Nivien Allam Nafady, Elhagag Ahmed Hassan
In this study, a fungal isolate was isolated from avocado fruit collected from a market in Makkah city, Saudi Arabia, and identified as Neopestalotiopsis clavispora ASU1. The biomass of Neopestalotiopsis clavispora ASU1 was used as a natural bio-sorbent for removal of Cd(II) and Zn(II) from aqueous solutions. Characterization of fungal biomass was performed using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray Diffractometer, and BET surface area. Different factors on Cd(II) and Zn(II) biosorption were studied to evaluate the maximum conditions for metals biosorption...
March 19, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555221/influenza-vaccination-among-saudi-hajj-pilgrims-revealing-the-uptake-and-vaccination-barriers
#5
Mohammad Alfelali, Osamah Barasheed, Al-Mamoon Badahdah, Hamid Bokhary, Mohammed I Azeem, Turki Habeebullah, Marwan Bakarman, Atif Asghar, Robert Booy, Harunor Rashid
BACKGROUND: Hajj is the world's largest annual mass gathering that attracts two to three million Muslims from around the globe to a religious assemblage in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. The risk of acquisition and transmission of influenza among Hajj pilgrims is high. Therefore, influenza vaccination is recommended, and was monitored frequently among pilgrims from different countries. However, the vaccination uptake among Saudi pilgrims has not been assessed in recent years. OBJECTIVE: This analysis aims to evaluate influenza vaccine uptake among Saudi Hajj pilgrims, and identify the key barriers to vaccination...
March 16, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490652/assessment-of-household-use-of-iodized-salt-and-adequacy-of-salt-iodization-a-cross-sectional-national-study-in-saudi-arabia
#6
Mushary H Al-Dakheel, Hassan K Haridi, Bushra M Al-Bashir, Ali M Al-Shangiti, Sulaiman N Al-Shehri, Izzeldin Hussein
OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to assess household coverage with iodized salt in Saudi Arabia, and to determine adequacy of salt iodization. METHODS: A school-based cross-sectional study using WHO 30-cluster survey methodology. RESULTS: Analysis of 4242 salt samples using qualitative rapid test kit (RTK) revealed that 68.7% (95% CI 67.3-70.1%) were iodized with significant regional differences (p < 0.001). The highest iodized salt samples came from Makkah (82...
February 28, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436565/level-of-diabetes-knowledge-among-adult-patients-with-diabetes-using-diabetes-knowledge-test
#7
Asim M Zowgar, Muhammad I Siddiqui, Khalid M Alattas
OBJECTIVES: To determine the level of diabetes knowledge and to identify the main knowledge gaps among patients with diabetes (both types 1 and 2) as there is a high prevalence of diabetes in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Makkah city, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and included governmental primary healthcare centers and hospitals from November 2016 until February 2017. A self-administrated Diabetes Knowledge Test 2 (DKT2) was used to determine the level of diabetes knowledge...
February 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396684/genetic-characterization-and-diversity-of-circulating-influenza-a-h1n1pdm09-viruses-isolated-in-jeddah-saudi-arabia-between-2014-and-2015
#8
Anwar M Hashem, Esam I Azhar, Sarah Shalhoub, Turki S Abujamel, Norah A Othman, Abdulwahab B Al Zahrani, Hanan M Abdullah, Maha M Al-Alawi, Anees A Sindi
The emerged influenza A/H1N1pdm09 viruses have replaced the previously circulating seasonal H1N1 viruses. The close antigenic properties of these viruses to the 1918 H1N1 pandemic viruses and their post-pandemic evolution pattern could further enhance their adaptation and pathogenicity in humans representing a major public health threat. Given that data on the dynamics and evolution of these viruses in Saudi Arabia is sparse we investigated the genetic diversity of circulating influenza A/H1N1pdm09 viruses from Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, by analyzing 39 full genomes from isolates obtained between 2014-2015, from patients with varying symptoms...
May 2018: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289955/association-between-body-mass-index-and-dental-caries-among-special-care-female-children-in-makkah-city
#9
Nisreen Adnan Ashour, Amal Adnan Ashour, Sakeena Basha
BACKGROUND: Dental caries and obesity are multifactorial diseases with diet being a common contributory factor. OBJECTIVE: The main purpose of the present study was to investigate the association between dental caries and obesity among special care female school children in Makkah City, Saudi Arabia. DESIGN: Analytical cross-sectional study. SETTING: Special schools in Makkah City. STUDY POPULATION AND METHODS: Schools were chosen by lottery and female children were ran...
January 2018: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204070/the-characteristics-and-distribution-of-dentist-workforce-in-saudi-arabia-a-descriptive-cross-sectional-study
#10
Abdulaziz A AlBaker, Yazed Sulaiman H Al-Ruthia, Mohammed AlShehri, Samar Alshuwairikh
Background: The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has shown steady growth in the dental workforce over the last 20 years. Although the number of dental colleges has significantly increased in the last decade, there is not any study so far that described the status of the licensed dentist workforce in the kingdom. The present study aimed to explore the demographic distribution and professional characteristics of licensed dentist workforce in Saudi Arabia. Methods: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study using the Saudi Commission for Health Specialties (SCFHS) database to identify the number of licensed dentists in Saudi Arabia as well as their professional and demographic characteristics as of December 2016...
December 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035301/exploring-knowledge-and-attitudes-about-vitamin-d-among-adults-in-saudi-arabia-a-qualitative-study
#11
Najlaa Aljefree, Patricia Lee, Faruk Ahmed
Abstract : Vitamin D deficiency is widespread in Saudi Arabia. The aim of this study was to explore participants' knowledge about vitamin D and attitudes toward sun exposure. The study also aimed to explore the social and cultural factors that might potentially contribute to vitamin D deficiency in Saudi Arabia. Face-to-face interviews were carried out in the cities of Jeddah and Makkah between May and October 2015. The interview questions were semi-structured, and the data was analyzed using thematic analysis...
October 16, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028812/occurrence-of-the-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-mers-cov-across-the-gulf-corporation-council-countries-four-years-update
#12
Mahmoud Aly, Mohamed Elrobh, Maha Alzayer, Sameera Aljuhani, Hanan Balkhy
The emergence of the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infections has become a global issue of dire concerns. MERS-CoV infections have been identified in many countries all over the world whereas high level occurrences have been documented in the Middle East and Korea. MERS-CoV is mainly spreading across the geographical region of the Middle East, especially in the Arabian Peninsula, while some imported sporadic cases were reported from the Europe, North America, Africa, and lately Asia...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980530/a-novel-technique-to-optimise-the-length-of-a-linear-accelerator-treatment-room-maze-without-compromising-radiation-protection
#13
Ihsan A M Al-Affan, Simon C Evans, Mohammed Qutub, Richard P Hugtenburg
A novel technique to optimise the length of a linear accelerator treatment room maze without compromising radiation protection I A M Al-Affan†, S C Evans‡, M Qutub†,1 and R P Hugtenburg†,‡ †Swansea University, Swansea SA2 8PP, UK ‡Department of Medical Physics and Clinical Engineering, Singleton Hospital, Swansea, SA2 8QA, UK 1Department of Physics, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia Abstract Simulations with the FLUKA Monte Carlo code were used to establish the possibility of using lead to cover the existing concrete walls of a linear accelerator treatment room maze, in order to reduce the dose of the scattered photons at the maze entrance...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951379/educational-module-intervention-for-radiographers-to-reduce-repetition-rate-of-routine-digital-chest-radiography-in-makkah-region-of-saudi-arabia-tertiary-hospitals-protocol-of-a-quasi-experimental-study
#14
Abdullah A Almalki, Rosliza Abdul Manaf, Muhamad Hanafiah Juni, Hayati Kadir Shahar, Noramaliza Mohd Noor, Abdelsafi Gabbad
BACKGROUND: Repetition of an image is a critical event in any radiology department. When the repetition rate of routine digital chest radiographs is high, radiation exposure of staff and patients is increased. In addition, repetition consumes the equipment's life span, thus affecting the annual budget of the department. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to determine the impact of a printed educational module on reducing the repetition rate of routine digital chest radiography among radiographers in Makkah Region tertiary hospitals...
September 26, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759623/spatial-modelling-of-contribution-of-individual-level-risk-factors-for-mortality-from-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-in-the-arabian-peninsula
#15
Oyelola A Adegboye, Ezra Gayawan, Fahad Hanna
BACKGROUND: Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus is a contagious respiratory pathogen that is contracted via close contact with an infected subject. Transmission of the pathogen has occurred through animal-to-human contact at first followed by human-to-human contact within families and health care facilities. DATA AND METHODS: This study is based on a retrospective analysis of the Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus outbreak in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia between June 2012 and July 2015...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730087/frequency-of-diabetic-retinopathy-and-associated-risk-factors-in-khartoum-sudan-population-based-study
#16
Einas S Elwali, Ahmed O Almobarak, Mona A Hassan, Amir A Mahmooud, Heitham Awadalla, Mohamed H Ahmed
AIM: To assess the frequency and associated risk factors of diabetic retinopathy among Sudanese individuals with diabetes attending Makka Eye complex in Khartoum, Sudan. METHODS: The cross sectional hospital based study recruited 316 individuals with diabetes from Makkah Eye Complex Retina Clinic. Standard questionnaire was used to collect demographic data, medical history and life style characteristics. Blood samples were taken to measure HbA1c and lipid profile...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678211/incidence-and-impact-of-stroke-during-hajj-results-of-2015-hajj-stroke-registry
#17
Mohammed A Almekhlafi, Maher A Alhazmi, Sarah S Alsulami, Soha A Almorsy
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence of stroke among pilgrims and describe factors associated with presentation and management during Hajj. Physical stress, age and vascular risk factors render pilgrims at a high risk of stroke. METHODS: This is a prospective registry of all acute stroke patients admitted to 6 hospitals during the 2015 Hajj season from 9 September to 4 November. Participating hospitals were King Abdullah Medical City (KAMC), Al-Noor, King Abdulaziz hospital, King Faisal hospital, Hira, and Mena general hospitals; all in Makkah city...
July 2017: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637444/a-comparison-of-nutritional-intake-and-daily-physical-activity-of-girls-aged-8-11-years-old-in-makkah-saudi-arabia-according-to-weight-status
#18
MULTICENTER STUDY
Rabab Al-Kutbe, Anne Payne, Anne de Looy, Gail A Rees
BACKGROUND: Obesity rates in Saudi Arabia are amongst the highest in the world. It is known that teenage girls are less active than teenage boys, but less is known about the diet and activity patterns in younger girls. Therefore this study sought to investigate dietary intake and daily physical activity in girls aged 8-11 years old in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: This was a cross- sectional observational study conducted in seven schools across the city of Makkah. A total of 266 girls had anthropometric measurements taken including height, weight, waist circumference and body fat estimations...
June 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566973/perspective-of-saudi-women-in-the-makkah-region-on-breast-cancer-awareness
#19
Tahani H Nageeti, Arwa A N Abdelhameed, Raid A Jastania, Rania M Felemban
OBJECTIVE: To assess the perspective of Saudi women in the Makkah region on breast cancer awareness and early detection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A mixed method study was conducted among 25-65 years old healthy Saudi females from Makkah region during the awareness campaign in October 2014. The participants were recruited by personal invitations at the women's places of work and social gatherings. The initial invitations were issued by either the research coordinator or the investigator...
May 2017: Journal of Family & Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566972/to-what-extent-are-arab-pilgrims-to-makkah-aware-of-the-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-and-the-precautions-against-it
#20
Meshaal S Alotaibi, Abdulaziz M Alsubaie, Khaled A Almohaimede, Turki A Alotaibi, Omar A Alharbi, Abdulrahman F Aljadoa, Abdulaziz H Alhamad, Mazin Barry
BACKGROUND: Approximately, 80% of the many cases of the Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) confirmed worldwide were diagnosed in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). The risk of the disease spreading internationally is especially worrying given the role of KSA as the home of the most important Islamic pilgrimage sites. This means the need to assess Arab pilgrims' awareness of MERS-CoV is of paramount importance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out during Ramadan 2015 in the Holy Mosque in Makkah, Saudi Arabia...
May 2017: Journal of Family & Community Medicine
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