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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207856/biodiesel-production-potential-from-fat-fraction-of-municipal-waste-in-makkah
#1
K Shahzad, A S Nizami, M Sagir, M Rehan, S Maier, M Z Khan, O K M Ouda, I M I Ismail, A O BaFail
In the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), millions of Muslims come to perform Pilgrimage every year. Around one million ton of municipal solid waste (MSW) is generated in Makkah city annually. The collected MSW is disposed of in the landfills without any treatment or energy recovery. As a result, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and contamination of the soil and water bodies along with leachate and odors are occurring in waste disposal vicinities. The composition of MSW shows that food waste is the largest waste stream (up to 51%) of the total generated MSW...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179986/-pseudomonas-saudimassiliensis-sp-nov-a-new-bacterial-species-isolated-from-air-samples-in-the-urban-environment-of-makkah-saudi-arabia
#2
E I Azhar, A Papadioti, F Bibi, A M Ashshi, D Raoult, E Angelakis
We report here the main characteristics of 'Pseudomonas saudimassiliensis' strain 12M76_air(T) (CSUR P1220), a new species of the Pseudomonas genus that was isolated from air samples in the city environment of Makkah, Saudi Arabia, during the pilgrim period of Hajj 2012.
March 2017: New Microbes and New Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179985/-arthrobacter-saudimassiliensis-sp-nov-a-new-bacterial-species-isolated-from-air-samples-in-the-urban-environment-of-makkah-saudi-arabia
#3
A Papadioti, E I Azhar, F Bibi, A Jiman-Fatani, S M Aboushoushah, M Yasir, D Raoult, E Angelakis
We report here the main characteristics of 'Arthrobacter saudimassiliensis' strain 11W110_air(T) (CSUR P1223), a new species of the Arthrobacter genus that was isolated from air samples in the city environment of Makkah, Saudi Arabia, during the pilgrim period of Hajj 2012.
March 2017: New Microbes and New Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151456/comparison-of-two-approaches-to-lateral-osteotomy-in-saudi-patients
#4
Ahmad A Mirza, Osama A Marglani, Mian U Farooq, Talal A Al-Khatib, Waed S Jameel, Noran A Sultan, Mohammed S Aly
BACKGROUND: Nasal deformity is an abnormality in the appearance of the nose due to either congenital defect or trauma. In traumatic cases, patients often present with combined functional and cosmetic complaints. Therefore, otolaryngologists take into account both breathing and aesthetic nasal issues. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the changes in the nasal dorsum and base; compare breathing and aesthetic satisfaction scores between two approaches to lateral nasal osteotomy: low-to-low and low-to-high...
January 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135324/predictors-of-medication-adherence-and-blood-pressure-control-among-saudi-hypertensive-patients-attending-primary-care-clinics-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Sarah M Khayyat, Salwa M Saeed Khayyat, Raghda S Hyat Alhazmi, Mahmoud M A Mohamed, Muhammad Abdul Hadi
PURPOSE: To assess the level of medication adherence and to investigate predictors of medication adherence and blood pressure control among hypertensive patients attending primary healthcare clinics in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Hypertensive patients meeting the eligibility criteria were recruited from eight primary care clinics between January and May 2016 for this study. The patients completed Arabic version of Morisky Medication Adherence Scale (MMAS-8), an eight-item validated, self-reported measure to assess medication adherence...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119783/-lysinibacillus-saudimassiliensis-sp-nov-a-new-bacterial-species-isolated-from-air-samples-in-the-urban-environment-of-makkah-saudi-arabia
#6
A Papadioti, E I Azhar, F Bibi, A Jiman-Fatani, S M Aboushoushah, M Yasir, D Raoult, E Angelakis
We report here the main characteristics of 'Lysinibacillus saudimassiliensis' strain 13S34_air(τ) (CSUR = P1222), a new species of the Lysinibacillus genus that was isolated from air samples in the city environment of Makkah, Saudi Arabia, during the pilgrim period of Hajj 2012.
March 2017: New Microbes and New Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070338/-pseudomonas-saudiphocaensis-sp-nov-a-new-bacterial-species-isolated-from-currency-notes-collected-during-the-hajj-pilgrimage-in-2012-at-makkah-saudi-arabia
#7
E I Azhar, A Papadioti, F Bibi, A M Ashshi, D Raoult, E Angelakis
We report here the main characteristics of 'Pseudomonas saudiphocaensis' strain 20_BN(T) (CSUR P1224), a new species of the Pseudomonas genus that was isolated from currency notes collected during the Hajj pilgrimage in 2012 at Makkah, Saudi Arabia.
January 2017: New Microbes and New Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070337/-jeotgalicoccus-saudimassiliensis-sp-nov-a-new-bacterial-species-isolated-from-air-samples-in-the-urban-environment-of-makkah-saudi-arabia
#8
A Papadioti, E I Azhar, F Bibi, A Jiman-Fatani, S M Aboushoushah, M Yasir, D Raoult, E Angelakis
We report here the main characteristics of 'Jeotgalicoccus saudimassiliensis' strain 13MG44_air(T) (CSUR P1221), a new species of the Jeotgalicoccus genus that was isolated from air samples in the city environment of Makkah, Saudi Arabia, during the pilgrim period of Hajj 2012.
January 2017: New Microbes and New Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061852/the-occurrence-of-esbl-producing-escherichia-coli-carrying-aminoglycoside-resistance-genes-in-urinary-tract-infections-in-saudi-arabia
#9
Essam J Alyamani, Anamil M Khiyami, Rayan Y Booq, Majed A Majrashi, Fayez S Bahwerth, Elena Rechkina
BACKGROUND: The infection and prevalence of extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) is a worldwide problem, and the presence of ESBLs varies between countries. In this study, we investigated the occurrence of plasmid-mediated ESBL/AmpC/carbapenemase/aminoglycoside resistance gene expression in Escherichia coli using phenotypic and genotypic techniques. METHODS: A total of 58 E. coli isolates were collected from hospitals in the city of Makkah and screened for the production of ESBL/AmpC/carbapenemase/aminoglycoside resistance genes...
January 6, 2017: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051359/electron-microscopy-of-alkhumra-hemorrhagic-fever-virus
#10
Tariq A Madani, El-Tayb M E Abuelzein, Sawsan M Jalalah, Huda Abu-Araki, Esam I Azhar, Ahmed M Hassan, Hussein M S Al-Bar
Alkhumra hemorrhagic fever virus (AHFV) is a newly described zoonotic flavivirus that was first isolated during 1994-1995 from the Alkhumra district south of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Subsequently, the virus was also isolated from Makkah city (2001-2003) and Najran (2008-2009), Saudi Arabia. The virus causes acute febrile illness with hepatitis, hemorrhagic manifestations, and encephalitis. A case fatality rate of 25% was reported among hospitalized patients. Although several biological and molecular characteristics of the virus have been published, no data are available on electron microscopic features of the virus...
January 4, 2017: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964768/evaluation-of-hospitals-disaster-preparedness-plans-in-the-holy-city-of-makkah-mecca-a-cross-sectional-observation-study
#11
Ali S Al-Shareef, Loui K Alsulimani, Hattan M Bojan, Taha M Masri, Jennifer O Grimes, Michael S Molloy, Gregory R Ciottone
BACKGROUND: Makkah (Mecca) is a holy city located in the western region of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Each year, millions of pilgrims visit Makkah. These numbers impact both routine health care delivery and disaster response. This study aimed to evaluate hospitals' disaster plans in the city of Makkah. METHODS: Study investigators administered a questionnaire survey to 17 hospitals in the city of Makkah. Data on hospital characteristics and three key domains of disaster plans (general evaluation of disaster planning, structural feasibility of the hospitals, and health care worker knowledge and training) were collated and analyzed...
February 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888123/acute-rhinosinusitis-during-hajj-season-2014-prevalence-of-bacterial-infection-and-patterns-of-antimicrobial-susceptibility
#12
Osama A Marglani, Ameen Z Alherabi, Islam R Herzallah, Faisal A Saati, Enas A Tantawy, Talal A Alandejani, Hani S Faidah, Naif A Bawazeer, Abdullah A Marghalani, Tariq A Madani
BACKGROUND: The presence of large number of pilgrims during Hajj in Makkah region increases the risk of respiratory diseases. In this study, we aimed to assess the bacteriology of acute rhinosinusitis (ARS) during Hajj season and to demonstrate the antimicrobial susceptibility patterns that should guide the clinicians towards more appropriate antibiotic use. METHODS: Patients with ARS presenting during Hajj season of 2014 were prospectively enrolled. According to EPOS2012 criteria...
November 2016: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882000/study-on-risk-factors-predisposing-factors-for-poor-diabetes-control-during-hajj-1436-2015-in-people-with-diabetes
#13
Gulshad Hasan, Hanan Moabber, Arwa Alyamani, Ahmed Sayeed, Faisal Altatar
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Each year millions of Muslims perform pilgrimage to Makkah, Saudi Arabia. It is particularly stressful during the peak five days, when all rituals have to be performed at specific periods of time at different sites. Poor diabetes control in people with diabetes predisposes to morbidity and increases risk of acute complications. We wanted to see how well their blood glucose control was before coming to Hajj and whether they were aware, about self management of Diabetes and what were reasons for hospital admissions...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686306/antimicrobial-susceptibility-of-bacterial-and-fungal-infections-among-infected-diabetic-patients
#14
Ayman Khalid Johargy
Objective: To determine the antimicrobial susceptibility of the most common bacterial and fungal infections among infected diabetic patients. Methods: This study was conducted at the Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia, from June 2011 to June 2012, and comprised specimens collected from diabetics. Antibiotic susceptibility test using disc diffusion method was performed for bacterial isolates, and antifungal susceptibility test using colorimetric method for candida isolates...
October 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649752/hajj-stampede-disaster-2015-reflections-from-the-frontlines
#15
Anas A Khan, Eric K Noji
The Hajj is an annual religious mass gathering that takes place in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. The complexity of its system is multidimensional, with religious, political, cultural, security, economic, communication, operational, and logistic unique challenges. This year, yet another stampede tragedy that caused around a 1,000 deaths and severe injuries, capturing worldwide media attention and exacerbating existing political tensions across the Gulf coasts was faced. Planning is important but the planning process is more important, requiring systematic analysis based on accurate collected and targeting root cause factors...
2016: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590999/prognostic-significance-of-platelet-count-in-sle-patients
#16
Sahar Mahfouz Abdel Galil, Azzahra Mohammed Edrees, Afnan Khaled Ajeeb, Ghadeer Sameer Aldoobi, Mohamed El-Boshy, Waleed Hussain
Hematological abnormalities, especially thrombocytopenia (TCP), are highly prevalent among patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and at the same time it has been reported as a significant prognostic factor of SLE course. We further investigate the correlation between platelet count and the clinical manifestations and disease activity of SLE, in a cohort of Saudi Arabian female patients. A retrospective analysis was done for the medical records of 100 SLE female patients, selected from all patients diagnosed and treated for SLE at the Rheumatology outpatient clinics in Hera'a General Hospital, Holly Makkah, Saudi Arabia...
September 2, 2016: Platelets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27524535/analysis-of-patient-falls-among-hospitalised-patients-in-makkah-region
#17
Mohammed Abdulwahab Flimban, Dalal Fouad Abduljabar, Khalid Obaid Dhafar, Basma Abdulhameed Deiab, Zohair Jamil Gazzaz, Abasra Usman Bansuan, Abeer Ahmad Balbed, Ahmad Mohammed Al-Shaikhi, Sultan Saad Al-Motari, Muhammad Imran Suliman
OBJECTIVE: To assess the frequency and its correlation of patient fall with preventing or precipitating factors among inpatients. METHODS: The observational study was conducted in Makkah Region, Saudi Arabia from October 15 2012 to November 4, 2013. Data was collected using a questionnaire from 16 hospitals in four districts of Makkah province. The material was sampled through systematic randomisation from inpatient files and data was collected for those who had fallen inside the hospital...
August 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27458222/acquisition-of-a-high-diversity-of-bacteria-during-the-hajj-pilgrimage-including-acinetobacter-baumannii-with-blaoxa-72-and-escherichia-coli-with-blandm-5-carbapenemase-genes
#18
Thongpan Leangapichart, Philippe Gautret, Karolina Griffiths, Khadidja Belhouchat, Ziad Memish, Didier Raoult, Jean-Marc Rolain
Pilgrims returning from the Hajj (pilgrimage to Mecca) can be carriers of multidrug-resistant bacteria (MDR). Pharyngeal and rectal swab samples were collected from 98 pilgrims before and after they traveled to the Hajj in 2014 to investigate the acquisition of MDR bacteria. The bacterial diversity in pharyngeal swab samples was assessed by culture with selective media. There was a significantly higher diversity of bacteria in samples collected after the return from the Hajj than in those collected before (P = 0...
October 2016: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27343987/community-pharmacists-knowledge-attitude-and-practices-towards-dispensing-antibiotics-without-prescription-dawp-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-makkah-province-saudi-arabia
#19
Muhammad Abdul Hadi, Nedaa Ali Karami, Anhar S Al-Muwalid, Areej Al-Otabi, Eshtyaq Al-Subahi, Asmaa Bamomen, Mahmoud M A Mohamed, Mahmoud E Elrggal
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate knowledge, attitude, and practices of community pharmacists towards dispensing antibiotics without prescription (DAwP) in Makkah Province, Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted between January and February 2016 using a structured, validated, and pilot-tested questionnaire. A four-step systematic approach was used to recruit community pharmacists who completed a 28-item questionnaire either in English or Arabic language based on their personal preference...
June 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27312582/antimicrobial-resistance-among-pilgrims-a-retrospective-study-from-two-hospitals-in-makkah-saudi-arabia
#20
Abdul Haseeb, Hani Saleh Faidah, Abdul Rahman Bakhsh, Waleed Hassan Al Malki, Mahmoud E Elrggal, Fahad Saleem, Shafiq Ur Rahman, Tahir Mehmood Khan, Mohamed Azmi Hassali
OBJECTIVE: To identify commonly reported community-acquired organisms and antimicrobial resistance patterns exhibited by Gram-positive and Gram-negative pathogens among pilgrims visiting emergency care departments in Makkah. METHOD: The study was designed as a retrospective audit of all patients (pilgrims) admitted to two hospitals and residing in the city of Makkah, Saudi Arabia. RESULTS: Among 374 isolates, Gram-negative pathogens accounted for 280 (75%), while the remaining 94 (25%) were Gram-positive organisms...
June 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
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