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Oryza longistaminata

Emily Gichuhi, Eiko Himi, Hidekazu Takahashi, Sinhao Zhu, Kazuyuki Doi, Kazuo Tsugane, Masahiko Maekawa
To improve rice yield, a wide genetic pool is necessary. It is therefore important to explore wild rice relatives. Oryza longistaminata is a distantly related wild rice relative that carries the AA genome. Its potential for improving agronomic traits is not well studied. Introgression line (pLIA-1) that carries Oryza longistaminata's chromosome segments, showed high performance in yield-related traits under non-fertilized conditions. Therefore, to illustrate Oryza longistaminata's potential for improving yield-related traits, RILs from the F1 of a cross between pLIA-1 and Norin 18 were developed and QTL analysis was done using the RAD-Seq method...
December 2016: Breeding Science
Akiko Yoshida, Yasuhiko Terada, Taiyo Toriba, Katsumi Kose, Motoyuki Ashikari, Junko Kyozuka
Vegetative reproduction is a form of asexual propagation in plants. A wide range of plants develop rhizomes, modified stems that grow underground horizontally, as a means of vegetative reproduction. In rhizomatous species, despite their distinct developmental patterns, both rhizomes and aerial shoots derive from axillary buds. Therefore, it is of interest to understand the basis of rhizome initiation and development. Oryza longistaminata, a wild rice species, develops rhizomes. We analyzed bud initiation and growth of O...
October 2016: Plant & Cell Physiology
Hao Yin, Masahiro Akimoto, Reunreudee Kaewcheenchai, Masahiro Sotowa, Takashige Ishii, Ryuji Ishikawa
AA genome species in the genus Oryza are valuable resources for improvement of cultivated rice. Oryza rufipogon and O. barthii were progenitors of two domesticated rice species, O. sativa and O. glaberrima, respectively. We used chloroplast single-nucleotide repeats (RCt1-10) to evaluate genetic diversity among AA genome species. Higher diversity was detected in the American species O. glumaepatula and the Asian species O. rufipogon. Other chloroplast sequences indicated that O. glumaepatula shares high similarity with O...
2015: Genes & Genetic Systems
Mitsuru Niihama, Misato Mochizuki, Nori Kurata, Ken-Ichi Nonomura
Wild relatives genetically close to cultivars are precious genetic resources for plant breeding. Oryza rufipogon, O. barthii, O. glumaepatula, O. meridionalis and O. longistaminata are such wild species, and are also categorized as AA genome species based on their structural similarities. Chromosome segment substitution lines (CSSLs) are a powerful resource in breeding and genetics, and numerous rice CSSLs have been produced. This study aimed to develop DNA markers for evaluation of CSSLs directly by PCR and subsequent gel electrophoresis...
September 2015: Breeding Science
Peterson W Wambugu, Marta Brozynska, Agnelo Furtado, Daniel L Waters, Robert J Henry
Rice is the most important crop in the world, acting as the staple food for over half of the world's population. The evolutionary relationships of cultivated rice and its wild relatives have remained contentious and inconclusive. Here we report on the use of whole chloroplast sequences to elucidate the evolutionary and phylogenetic relationships in the AA genome Oryza species, representing the primary gene pool of rice. This is the first study that has produced a well resolved and strongly supported phylogeny of the AA genome species...
2015: Scientific Reports
Chih-Hua Tsou, Ping-Chin Cheng, Chiung-Maan Tseng, Hsiao-Jung Yen, Yu-Lan Fu, Tien-Rong You, David B Walden
Key message: Pollen maturation in Poaceae. Another development has been extensively examined by various imaging tools, including transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and light microscopy, but none is capable of identifying liquid water. Cryo-scanning electron microscopy with high-pressure rapid freeze fixation is excellent in preserving structures at cellular level and differentiating gas- versus liquid-filled space, but rarely used in anther study. We applied this technique to examine anther development of Poaceae because of its economic importance and unusual peripheral arrangement of pollen...
March 2015: Plant Reproduction
Anirudh Kumar, Waikhom Bimolata, Monica Kannan, P B Kirti, Insaf Ahmed Qureshi, Irfan Ahmad Ghazi
Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo) causes bacterial blight disease in rice and brutally affects the yield up to 50 % of total production. Here, we report a comparative proteomics analysis of total foliar protein isolated from infected rice leaves of susceptible Pusa Basmati 1 (PB1) and resistant Oryza longistaminata genotypes. Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE) coupled with matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) approaches identified 29 protein spots encoding unique proteins from both the genotypes...
July 2015: Functional & Integrative Genomics
Ruifeng He, Fernanda Salvato, Jeong-Jin Park, Min-Jeong Kim, William Nelson, Tiago S Balbuena, Mark Willer, John A Crow, Greg D May, Carol A Soderlund, Jay J Thelen, David R Gang
BACKGROUND: The rhizome, the original stem of land plants, enables species to invade new territory and is a critical component of perenniality, especially in grasses. Red rice (Oryza longistaminata) is a perennial wild rice species with many valuable traits that could be used to improve cultivated rice cultivars, including rhizomatousness, disease resistance and drought tolerance. Despite these features, little is known about the molecular mechanisms that contribute to rhizome growth, development and function in this plant...
2014: BMC Plant Biology
N Boissot, M Valdez, E Guiderdoni
Plant regeneration from 2-month-old callus cultures derived from immature leaves of 7-day-old aseptic seedlings and mature embryos of the African wild rice Oryza longistaminata was achieved at 20% and 100% frequency, respectively. The morphogenic potential of the embryo-derived calluses dropped from 100% at the third subculture to 12.5 % at the 12th subculture. Five-month-old morphogenic calluses were used to establish a fast-growing suspension culture which, when plated onto semisolid medium, still retained its ability to regenerate plantlets 9 months after initiation...
December 1990: Plant Cell Reports
F Cordesse, G Second, M Delseny
Restriction fragment length polymorphism of the rDNA spacer was studied in the genus Oryza using a cloned rice rDNA probe. One-hundred-five accessions, including 58 cultivated rice and 47 wild species with various genome types, were analysed. Seven size classes differing from one another by an "increment" of ca. 300 bp were observed amongst the Asiatic cultivated rice of the species O. sativa. A general tendency from a smaller spacer in the Japonica subtypes to longer ones in Indica is observed. Classification as Japonica or Indica on the basis of rDNA pattern generally agrees with classification based on isozyme patterns...
January 1990: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
P Barbier, H Morishima, A Ishihama
The phylogenetic relationships between Asian wild rice strains were analyzed by direct sequencing of PCR-amplified DNA fragments. The sequence of three introns located in the phytochrome gene was determined for eight strains of the Asian wild rice, Oryza rufipogon, and one strain of the related African species, Oryza longistaminata. The number of nucleotide substitutions per site between various strains within a single species, O. rufipogon, ranged between 0.0017 and 0.0050, while those between two related species, O...
May 1991: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
A De Kochko, M C Kiefer, F Cordesse, A S Reddy, M Delseny
A 352-bp EcoRI fragment from rice DNA was cloned and shown to be a member of a tandem repeat. Sequence determination revealed homologies with human alpha satellite DNA and maize knob heterochromatin specific repeat. This 352-bp sequence is highly specific for the AA genome of rice. However, copy number and sequence organization are variable, depending on the accession analyzed. Several examples of amplification were observed in O. rufipogon and O. longistaminata. Use of resolutive polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and 4-bp cutter enzymes allowed one to distinguish between the Indica and Japonica subtypes of O...
July 1991: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
C E Williams, B Wang, T E Holsten, J Scambray, F de Assis Goes da Silva, P C Ronald
Six molecular markers were mapped to a 7.4-cM region of rice chromosome 11 containing the Xa21 gene, which confers resistance to the pathogen Xanthomonas oryzae pv oryzae. Three markers, RG103, 248 and 818, co-segregated with Xa21 in a population of 1141 plants. Multiple copies of all marker loci were present within the region that was introgressed from Oryza longistaminata into O. sativa. The marker loci were cloned and primers were designed that defined sequence-tagged sites. Physical mapping of the three tightly linked central markers revealed that RG103, the marker that hybridizes to the Xa21 gene, resides on a separate DNA fragment from the other two markers...
November 1996: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
S Xie, J Chen, B Walsh
The mapping of sterile genes is an essential issue, which should be solved for the investigation of sterility mechanism in wide hybridization of plants. However, the methods formerly developed cannot address the problem of mapping sterile loci with epistasis. In this study, we developed a new method to map sterile genes with epistasis in wide hybridizations of plants using a backcross design. The maximum likelihood method was used to estimate the parameters of recombination fractions and effects of sterile genes, and the convergent results of these parameters were obtained using the expectation maximization (EM) algorithm...
February 2014: Heredity
Ting Zhang, Xiuqin Zhao, Liyu Huang, Xiaoyue Liu, Ying Zong, Linghua Zhu, Daichang Yang, Binying Fu
Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) is one of the world's most important cereal crops. S. propinquum is a perennial wild relative of S. bicolor with well-developed rhizomes. Functional genomics analysis of S. propinquum, especially with respect to molecular mechanisms related to rhizome growth and development, can contribute to the development of more sustainable grain, forage, and bioenergy cropping systems. In this study, we used a whole rice genome oligonucleotide microarray to obtain tissue-specific gene expression profiles of S...
2013: PloS One
Khidir W Hilu, Lioudmila V Sharova
Patterns of sequence variation of nuclear genes encoding 10-kDa and 16-kDa prolamin seed storage proteins were examined in Oryza glaberrima (African rice, Poaceae) and O. barthii and compared to available sequences for the genus to assess potential application of these gene families in evolutionary studies. Sequence variation among species in 10-kDa genes was very low. In contrast, the 16-kDa genes have undergone rapid evolution, displaying a larger number of length and point mutations that in some cases result in frame shift or produce truncated protein or pseudogenes...
February 2002: American Journal of Botany
Fengyi Hu, Di Wang, Xiuqin Zhao, Ting Zhang, Haixi Sun, Linghua Zhu, Fan Zhang, Lijuan Li, Qiong Li, Dayun Tao, Binying Fu, Zhikang Li
BACKGROUND: Rhizomatousness is a key component of perenniality of many grasses that contribute to competitiveness and invasiveness of many noxious grass weeds, but can potentially be used to develop perennial cereal crops for sustainable farmers in hilly areas of tropical Asia. Oryza longistaminata, a perennial wild rice with strong rhizomes, has been used as the model species for genetic and molecular dissection of rhizome development and in breeding efforts to transfer rhizome-related traits into annual rice species...
2011: BMC Plant Biology
Ryo Ishikawa, Takayuki Ohnishi, Yuki Kinoshita, Mitsugu Eiguchi, Nori Kurata, Tetsu Kinoshita
In angiosperms, interspecific crosses often display hybrid incompatibilities that are manifested as under-proliferation or over-proliferation of endosperm. Recent analyses using crosses between Arabidopsis thaliana and its related species with different ploidy levels have shown that interspecific hybridization causes delayed developmental transition and increased mitotic activity in the endosperm. In this study, we investigated endosperm development in interspecific crosses between diploid Oryza species. In a cross between female O...
March 2011: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
Haiyuan Yang, Liwei Hu, Thomas Hurek, Barbara Reinhold-Hurek
BACKGROUND: Oryza longistaminata, an AA genome type (2 n = 24), originates from Africa and is closely related to Asian cultivated rice (O. sativa L.). It contains various valuable traits with respect to tolerance to biotic and abiotic stress, QTLs with agronomically important traits and high ability to use nitrogen efficiently (NUE). However, only limited genomic or transcriptomic data of O. longistaminata are currently available. RESULTS: In this study we present the first comprehensive characterization of the O...
2010: BMC Genomics
Chang-Jin Park, Sang-Wook Han, Xuewei Chen, Pamela C Ronald
In the early 1970s, the Xa21 gene from the wild rice species Oryza longistaminata drew attention of rice breeders because of its broad-spectrum resistance to diverse strains of a serious bacterial disease of rice in Asia and Africa, called 'bacterial blight disease', caused by the Gram-negative bacterium, Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo). In 1995, we isolated the gene controlling this resistance and in 2009 demonstrated that XA21 recognizes a highly conserved peptide, called 'Ax21' (activator of XA21-mediated immunity)...
August 2010: Cellular Microbiology
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