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Oryza granulata

Zhi-lin Yuan, Zhen-zhu Su, Li-juan Mao, Yang-qing Peng, Guan-mei Yang, Fu-cheng Lin, Chu-long Zhang
Ecological niches in the rhizosphere and phyllosphere of grasses capable of sustaining endophytes have been extensively studied. In contrast, little information regarding the identity and functions of endophytic fungi in stems is available. In this study, we investigated the taxonomic affinities, diversity, and host specificities of culturable endophytes in stems of wild rice (Oryza granulata) in China. Seventy-four isolates were recovered. Low recovery rate (11.7%) indicated that there were relatively few sites for fungal infection...
February 2011: Journal of Microbiology / the Microbiological Society of Korea
Zhi-Lin Yuan, Fu-Cheng Lin, Chu-Long Zhang, Christian P Kubicek
A survey of the endophytic fungal community of wild rice (Oryza granulata) in China was conducted. Two isolates recovered from healthy roots are assumed to be dark septate endophytes (DSEs). They are morphologically similar to species from the genus Harpophora and are identified as a new species, Harpophora oryzae, based on the molecular phylogeny and morphological characteristics. A neighbor-joining tree constructed from ITS-5.8S rRNA gene regions reveals that H. oryzae forms a distinctive subclade within the genus Harpophora, and is not genetically close to other species of Harpophora...
June 2010: FEMS Microbiology Letters
Yu Luo, Guang-Lei Lv, Wen-Ting Wu, Shan-Na Chen, Zai-Quan Cheng
In order to understand the mechanism of the strong resistance of Oryza granulata to Xanthomonas oryzae pv oryzae (Xoo), cDNA microarrays containing 2,436 cDNA clones of Oryza granulata derived from Suppression subtractive library and cDNA library were constructed and genome expression patterns after inoculating Xoo were investigated. Three hundred and 83 clones were up-regulated, 836 clones were down-regulated after pathogen infection. Approximately 800 clones were sequenced and BLAST search were carried out...
February 2010: Molecular Biology Reports
Jetty S S Ammiraju, Andrea Zuccolo, Yeisoo Yu, Xiang Song, Benoit Piegu, Frederic Chevalier, Jason G Walling, Jianxin Ma, Jayson Talag, Darshan S Brar, Phillip J SanMiguel, Ning Jiang, Scott A Jackson, Olivier Panaud, Rod A Wing
Long terminal repeat (LTR) retrotransposons constitute a significant portion of most eukaryote genomes and can dramatically change genome size and organization. Although LTR retrotransposon content variation is well documented, the dynamics of genomic flux caused by their activity are poorly understood on an evolutionary time scale. This is primarily because of the lack of an experimental system composed of closely related species whose divergence times are within the limits of the ability to detect ancestrally related retrotransposons...
October 2007: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
Irene M Mullins, Khidir W Hilu
The deduced amino acid variability for the 10 kDa prolamin was determined for 16 Oryza species, both cultivated (rice) and wild. Prolamin, a seed storage protein and site of nitrogen and sulfur accumulation, is sequestered in the subaleurone layer of the starchy endosperm for use during seedling germination. The 10 kDa prolamin amino acid distribution for the cultivated species (O. sativa and O. glaberrima) was determined and compared to those of wild and, hitherto unknown, noncultivated Oryza species. Four wild species (O...
April 21, 2004: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
M. Mullins, W. Hilu
Oryza L. (Poaceae) contains approximately 20 wild and two domesticated species and nine genomes. Major disagreements exist on its systematics and genome evolution. Sequence polymorphism in the gene that encodes the 10-kDa prolamin polypeptide (a seed storage protein) was used to determine phylogenetic relationships and evaluate current systematics for 19 Oryza species. This gene in Oryza is approximately 402-bp long, and includes a 72-bp signal peptide region. A strict consensus tree shows Oryza brachyantha (FF) as the most basal species, followed by a polytomy of three clades that can be delineated based on genome composition: (1) the GG clade: Oryza granulata and Oryza meyeriana, (2) the EE clade: Oryza australiensis, and (3) the ABCD clade: the remaining Oryza species...
November 2002: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
W Qian, S Ge
Dominant markers tend to under-estimate the amount of genetic diversity relative to codominant systems when applying in population genetics. In order to compare various existing methods for analysis of genetic structure, RAPD markers were used to detect genetic variability of 5 populations of Oryza granulata from China. The results indicated that both Shannon index of diversity and Nei gene diversity were superior to percentage of polymorphic bands (PPB) because the latter lacked of ability to describe frequency difference of polymorphic bands...
2001: Yi Chuan Xue Bao, Acta Genetica Sinica
R K Aggarwal, D S Brar, G S Khush
The genus Oryza to which cultivated rice belongs has 24 species (2n = 24 or 48), representing seven genomes (AA, BB, CC, EE, FF, BBCC and CCDD). The genomic constitution of five of these species is unknown. These five species have been grouped into two species complexes, the tetraploid ridleyi complex (O. ridleyi, O. longiglumis) and the diploid meyeriana complex (O. granulata, O. meyeriana, O. indandamanica). To evaluate the genomic structure of these species in terms of divergence at the molecular level vis-a-vis other known genomes of Oryza, we used the total genomic DNA hybridization approach...
March 18, 1997: Molecular & General Genetics: MGG
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