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Oryza grandiglumis

Manas R Prusty, Sung-Ryul Kim, Ricky Vinarao, Frederickson Entila, James Egdane, Maria G Q Diaz, Kshirod K Jena
Cultivated rice ( Oryza sativa L.) is very sensitive to salt stress. So far a few rice landraces have been identified as a source of salt tolerance and utilized in rice improvement. These tolerant lines primarily use Na+ exclusion mechanism in root which removes Na+ from the xylem stream by membrane Na+ and K+ transporters, and resulted in low Na+ accumulation in shoot. Identification of a new donor source conferring high salt tolerance is imperative. Wild relatives of rice having wide genetic diversity are regarded as a potential source for crop improvement...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Evert Thomas, Eduardo Tovar, Carolina Villafañe, José Leonardo Bocanegra, Rodrigo Moreno
BACKGROUND: Crop wild relatives (CWRs) of rice hold important traits that can contribute to enhancing the ability of cultivated rice (Oryza sativa and O. glaberrima) to produce higher yields, cope with the effects of climate change, and resist attacks of pests and diseases, among others. However, the genetic resources of these species remain dramatically understudied, putting at risk their future availability from in situ and ex situ sources. Here we assess the distribution of genetic diversity of the four rice CWRs known to occur in Colombia (O...
December 2017: Rice
Takuma Okishio, Daisuke Sasayama, Tatsuya Hirano, Masahiro Akimoto, Kazuyuki Itoh, Tetsushi Azuma
The Amazonian wild rice Oryza grandiglumis has two contrasting adaptation mechanisms to flooding submergence: a quiescence response to complete submergence at the seedling stage and an escape response based on internodal elongation to partial submergence at the mature stage. We investigated possible factors that trigger these responses. In stem segments excised from mature O. grandiglumis plants, complete submergence only slightly promoted internodal elongation with increased ethylene levels in the internodes, while partial submergence substantially promoted internodal elongation without increased ethylene levels in the internodes...
February 1, 2015: Journal of Plant Physiology
Sang Hyun Shin, Jung-Hun Pak, Mi Jin Kim, Hye Jeong Kim, Ju Sung Oh, Hong Kyu Choi, Ho Won Jung, Young Soo Chung
Wild rice, Oryza grandiglumis shows hyper-resistance response to pathogen infection. In order to identify genes necessary for defense response in plants, we have carried out a subtractive hybridization coupled with a cDNA macroarray. An acidic PATHOGENESIS-RELATED1 (PR1) gene of the wild rice is highly identical to the acidic PR1 genes of different plant species. The OgPR1a cDNA has an apparent single open reading frame with a predicted molecular mass 40,621 Da and an isoelectic point of 5.14. Both in silico analysis and a transient expression assay in onion epidermal cells revealed that the OgPR1a protein could be localized in intercellular space in plants...
June 2014: Plant Pathology Journal
Takuma Okishio, Daisuke Sasayama, Tatsuya Hirano, Masahiro Akimoto, Kazuyuki Itoh, Tetsushi Azuma
In Asian cultivated rice (Oryza sativa), distinct mechanisms to survive flooding are activated in two groups of varieties. Submergence-tolerant rice varieties possessing the SUBMERGENCE1A (SUB1A) gene display reduced growth during flash floods at the seedling stage and resume growth after the flood recedes, whereas deepwater rice varieties possessing the SNORKEL1 (SK1) and SNORKEL2 (SK2) genes display enhanced growth based on internodal elongation during prolonged submergence at the mature stage. In this study, we investigated the occurrence of these growth responses to submergence in the wild rice species Oryza grandiglumis, which is native to the Amazon floodplains...
September 2014: Planta
Xuelei Lin, Feng Wu, Xiaoqiu Du, Xiaowei Shi, Yuan Liu, Shujun Liu, Yuxin Hu, Günter Theißen, Zheng Meng
The single floret of the rice (Oryza sativa) spikelet is subtended by a pair of enigmatic organs usually termed 'empty glumes' or 'sterile lemmas'. As the identity of these organs remains essentially unknown, we refer to them as 'organs of unknown identity' (OUIs). Here we present a novel mutant of the rice SEPALLATA-like gene OsMADS34 which develops, in addition to disorganized branches and sterile seeds, elongated OUIs. The function and evolution of OsMADS34 were studied. Morphological and molecular markers indicate that the elongated OUIs have adopted lemma identity...
April 2014: New Phytologist
Z Y Wang, G Second, S D Tanksley
Ninety-three accessions representing 21 species from the genus Oryza were examined for restriction fragment length polymorphism. The majority (78%) of the accessions, for which five individuals were tested, were found to be monomorphic. Most of the polymorphic accessions segregated for only one or two probes and appeared to be mixed pure lines. For most of the Oryza species tested, the majority of the genetic variation (83%) was found between accessions from different species with only 17% between accessions within species...
March 1992: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
Smruti Das, Monalisa Nayak, B C Patra, B Ramakrishnan, P Krishnan
Wild progenitors of rice (Oryza) are an invaluable resource for restoring genetic diversity and incorporating useful traits back into cultivars. Studies were conducted to characterize the biochemical changes, including SDS-PAGE banding pattern of storage proteins in seeds of six wild species (Oryza alta, O. grandiglumis, O. meridionalis, O. nivara, O. officinalis and O. rhizomatis) of rice stored under high temperature (45 degrees C) and humidity (approixmately 100%) for 15 days, which facilitated accelerated deterioration...
June 2010: Indian Journal of Biochemistry & Biophysics
Akiko Yoshida, Takuya Suzaki, Wakana Tanaka, Hiro-Yuki Hirano
The mechanism of floral organ specification is principally conserved in angiosperms, as demonstrated by the ABC model. By contrast, mechanisms that regulate the development of organs or structures specific to a group of species remain unclear. Grasses have unique inflorescence units, comprising spikelets and florets. In the genus Oryza (rice), the single spikelet consists of a fertile floret subtended by a lemma and a palea, two sterile lemmas, and rudimentary glumes. Each sterile lemma is a tiny glume-like organ with a smooth surface...
November 24, 2009: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Ethel Sánchez, Tania Quesada, Ana M Espinoza
Oryza grandiglumis is a wild species of rice endemic to tropical America. This species was first found in 1998 in the wetlands of Caño Negro, located in the northern part of Costa Rica. Twenty five plants of O. grandiglumis were processed for scanning electron microscope. An ultrastructural description of the leaf blade, ligule, auricles, spikelet and caryopsis, with an emphasis on structures of taxonomic value. The leaf blade has a characteristic cuticular wax pattern, composed of dense rod-like structures, and is surrounded by papillae, zipper-like silica cells, abundant bulky prickle trichomes, and hooked trichomes...
June 2006: Revista de Biología Tropical
Eun Hee Jeon, Eun Sook Chung, Jung Hun Pak, Jae Sung Nam, Sung Ki Cho, Sang Hyun Shin, Doh Hoon Kim, Gyung Tae Kim, Jai Heon Lee, Kyung Ho Kang, Young Soo Chung
A full-length cDNA of the OgPAE1 gene encoding the alpha5 subunit of the 20S proteasome was isolated from wild rice (Oryza grandiglumis) treated by wounding or with a fungal elicitor. The deduced amino acid sequence of OgPAE1 comprises 237 amino acids (25.99 kDa), and shows 94.5% homology with Arabidopsis thaliana AtPAE1. Expression of OgPAE1 is regulated by defense-related signaling chemicals such as cantharidin, endothall and jasmonic acid. Overexpression of OgPAE1 in A. thaliana leads to resistance to the fungal pathogen Botrytis cinerea by lowering disease rate and size of necrotic lesions, and by less penetration and colonization of fungal hyphae...
July 2008: Journal of Plant Research
Mei-Chu Chung, Yung-I Lee, Yueh-Yun Cheng, Yi-Jia Chou, Chia-Fu Lu
The genes encoding for 18S-5.8S-28S ribosomal RNA (rDNA) are both conserved and diversified. We used rDNA as probe in the fluorescent in situ hybridization (rDNA-FISH) to localized rDNAs on chromosomes of 15 accessions representing ten Oryza species. These included cultivated and wild species of rice, and four of them are tetraploids. Our results reveal polymorphism in the number of rDNA loci, in the number of rDNA repeats, and in their chromosomal positions among Oryza species. The numbers of rDNA loci varies from one to eight among Oryza species...
April 2008: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
D-B Yoon, K-H Kang, H-J Kim, H-G Ju, S-J Kwon, J-P Suh, O-Y Jeong, S-N Ahn
Introgression has been achieved from wild species Oryza grandiglumis (2n = 48, CCDD, Acc. No. 101154) into O. sativa subsp. japonica cv. Hwaseongbyeo as a recurrent parent. An advanced introgression (backcross) line, HG101, produced from a single plant from BC5F3 families resembled Hwaseongbyeo, but it showed differences from Hwaseongbyeo in several traits, including days to heading and culm length. To detect the introgressions, 450 microsatellite markers of known chromosomal position were used for the parental survey...
April 2006: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
Kyung Mi Kim, Sung Ki Cho, Sang Hyun Shin, Gyung-Tae Kim, Jai Heon Lee, Boung-Jun Oh, Kyung Ho Kang, Jong Chan Hong, Jun Young Choi, Jeong Sheop Shin, Young Soo Chung
Suppression subtractive hybridization was used to construct a subtracted library (ogfw) from plants of a wild rice species, Oryza grandiglumis, subjected to a fungal elicitor and physical wounding. To screen the differentially expressed transcripts in the library, we applied a reverse Northern blot analysis to a cDNA microarray containing 1,152 random clones. Based on the average expression ratio, we selected 156 clones showing an elevated expression level. The elevated expression levels and overall expression profiles over time were verified by Northern blot analysis...
October 2005: Journal of Plant Research
E A Veasey, M G Karasawa, P P Santos, M S Rosa, E Mamani, G C X Oliveira
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The aim of this paper was to verify the variation in the loss of seed dormancy during after-ripening and the interspecific and interpopulation variability in the degree of dormancy of seven wild and two cultivated rice species comprising 21 populations and two cultivars. METHODS: Four wild rice species from South America, Oryza glumaepatula, O. latifolia, O. grandiglumis and O. alta, and two O. sativa cultivars were tested in one experiment...
December 2004: Annals of Botany
G S Buso, P H Rangel, M E Ferreira
A sample of American wild rice and other accessions of the genus Oryza were studied at polymorphic regions of nuclear, mitochondrial, and chloroplastic genomes. First, flow cytometry, genome-specific RAPD markers, and chromosome counting were utilized to verify the original ploidy and classification of 230 accessions studied. Based on these methods, 8% of the accessions were considered to be misclassified either taxonomically or as a result of contamination. Second, a fine resolution analysis was conducted at genomic regions sampled at random by RAPD markers and at specific sites of the chloroplast and mitochondrial DNA by cleaved amplified polymorphic sequence (CAPS) analysis...
June 2001: Genome Génome / Conseil National de Recherches Canada
K K Jena, G Kochert
Restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs) were studied in fourteen accessions of CCDD genome allotetraploid wild rice species (Oryza latifolia, O. alta and O. grandiglumis). Fourteen nuclear RFLP markers previously mapped in AA genome-cultivated rice were used as probes. A phylogenetic tree, constructed by parsimony analysis based on RFLPs, grouped the accessions according to their geographic origin from Central or South America. Oryza alta, O. grandiglumis and one accession of O. latifolia grouped together as a subgroup, and our results suggested that the three taxa should be considered as populations of a single complex species...
May 1991: Plant Molecular Biology
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