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Oryza latifolia

Xin-Wei Xu, Jin-Wei Wu, Mei-Xia Qi, Qi-Xiang Lu, Peter F Lee, Sue Lutz, Song Ge, Jun Wen
PREMISE OF THE STUDY: Comparative phylogeography of intercontinental disjunct taxa allowed us not only to elucidate their diversification and evolution following geographic isolation, but also to understand the effect of climatic and geological histories on the evolutionary processes of closely related species. A phylogeographic analysis was conducted on the eastern Asian-North American disjunct genus Zizania to compare intracontinental phylogeographic patterns between different continents...
February 2015: American Journal of Botany
Rosalyn B Angeles-Shim, Ricky B Vinarao, Balram Marathi, Kshirod K Jena
Oryza latifolia is a tetraploid wild Oryza species with a CCDD genome that has been reported to harbor resistance to bacterial blight (BB), brown planthopper, and whitebacked planthopper. Aside from these traits, O. latifolia is also being tapped as a new source of resistance to lodging and high biomass production. To explore the genetic potential of O. latifolia as a novel genetic resource for the improvement of existing O. sativa cultivars, 27 disomic derivatives of O. latifolia monosomic alien addition lines (MAAL) were characterized for alien chromosome segment introgressions and evaluated for yield components, BB resistance, and strong stem characteristics...
September 2014: Journal of Heredity
K Vaidyanath, K K Raju, G M Reddy
Using the two-dimensional paper-chromatographic technique, free-aminoacid analysis was made on nine diploids and five allotetraploid species of Oryza, to study the biochemical and physiological bases of species relationships. The relationship between different species was inferred on the basis of similarity or differences in polygon patterns of aminoacids, drawn using Ellison's paired affinity values. Among the diploid species, O. sativa, O. perennis subsp. balunga, O. glaberrima and O. breviligulata showed similar polygon patterns, suggesting close relationships...
January 1974: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
Chunwu Yang, Tianyuan Zhang, Huan Wang, Na Zhao, Bao Liu
BACKGROUND: Introgression as a means of generating phenotypic novelty, including altered stress tolerance, is increasingly being recognized as common. The underlying basis for de novo genesis of phenotypic variation in the introgression lines remains largely unexplored. In this investigation, we used a rice line (RZ35) derived from introgressive hybridization between rice (Oryza sativa L.) and wild rice (Zizania latifolia Griseb.), along with its rice parental line (cv. Matsumae) as the experimental materials...
2012: Rice
D H Ling, W Y Chen, M F Chen, Z R Ma
An embryogenic callus was obtained from immature panicle of an interspecific hybrid (Oryza sativa x O. latifolia) F1. The medium consisted of HE salts supplemented with 2,4-D, NAA (each 2 mg/l), kinetin (3 mg/l), yeast extract (1360 mg/l) and casein hydrolyzate (300 mg/l). The callus was milk-white in colour compact and granulate in texture. Various developmental stage of embryoid, such as globular, heart-shape, scutellum-shape and mature embryoid were observed in an embryogenic callus. Plantlets were successfully regenerated from 1-month-old callus with more than 80% regenerational frequency in each subculture for 12 passages...
August 1983: Plant Cell Reports
H Ichikawa, A Hirai, T Katayama
Relationships in a wide range of Oryza species (13 species) were analyzed using the large subunits (LS) of Fraction I protein (Rubisco) and the Bam HI restriction patterns of chloroplast DNA (ctDNA) as molecular markers. Four types of LS were detected by isoelectrofocusing with and without S-carboxymethylation. The close relation between AA and CCDD genome species was suggested by analyses of LS and ctDNA. Intraspecific variation in O. latifolia was detected at the levels of both LS and ctDNA. The LS of the BB, BBCC, and CC genomes and FF (O...
June 1986: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
Z Y Wang, G Second, S D Tanksley
Ninety-three accessions representing 21 species from the genus Oryza were examined for restriction fragment length polymorphism. The majority (78%) of the accessions, for which five individuals were tested, were found to be monomorphic. Most of the polymorphic accessions segregated for only one or two probes and appeared to be mixed pure lines. For most of the Oryza species tested, the majority of the genetic variation (83%) was found between accessions from different species with only 17% between accessions within species...
March 1992: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
Zhenying Dong, Hongyan Wang, Yuzhu Dong, Yongming Wang, Wei Liu, Gaojian Miao, Xiuyun Lin, Daqing Wang, Bao Liu
BACKGROUND: It is widely accepted that interspecific hybridization may induce genomic instability in the resultant hybrids. However, few studies have been performed on the genomic analysis of homoploid hybrids and introgression lines. We have reported previously that by introgressive hybridization, a set of introgression lines between rice (Oryza sativa L.) and wild rice (Zizania latifolia Griseb.) was successfully generated, and which have led to the release of several cultivars. METHODOLOGY: Using 96 microsatellite markers located in the nuclear and organelle genomes of rice, we investigated microsatellite stability in three typical introgression lines...
2013: PloS One
Shufen Han, Hong Zhang, Liqiang Qin, Chengkai Zhai
Wild rice (WR) is a very nutritious grain that has been used to treat diabetes in Chinese medicinal practice. City diet (CD) is based on the diet consumed by Asian area residents in modern society, which is rich in saturated fats, cholesterol and carbohydrates. The present study was aimed at evaluating the effects of replacing white rice and processed wheat starch of CD with WR as the chief source of dietary carbohydrates on insulin resistance in rats fed with a high-fat/cholesterol diet. Except the rats of the low-fat (LF) diet group, the rats of the other three groups, including to high-fat/cholesterol (HFC) diet, CD and WR diet, were fed with high-fat/cholesterol diets for eight weeks...
February 2013: Nutrients
N L Cunha, M Delatorre, R B Rodrigues, C Vidotto, F Gonçalves, E Scremin-Dias, G Damasceno-Júnior, V J Pott, A Pott
Studies on Neotropical aquatic macrophytes have increased in recent decades, however species richness in wetlands of South America is far from being fully known. In addition, studies having an ecological approach are scarce in the Pantanal. Rapid assessments are essential for gaining knowledge of the biodiversity in the region. This study was performed in five sites of the Baía do Castelo, the western border of the Brazilian Pantanal, which included wild-rice patches, floating mats and floating meadows. At each site, plots of 0...
August 2012: Brazilian Journal of Biology, Revista Brasleira de Biologia
Shu-Fen Han, Hong Zhang, Cheng-Kai Zhai
The study evaluates the protective potentials of wild rice against obesity and lipotoxicity induced by a high-fat/cholesterol diet in rats. In addition to the rats of low-fat diet group, others animals were exposed to a high-fat/cholesterol diet condition for 8 weeks. The city diet (CD) is based on the diet consumed by urban residents in modern China, which is rich in fat/cholesterol and high in carbohydrates from white rice and processed wheat starch. The chief source of dietary carbohydrates of wild rice diet (WRD) is from Chinese wild rice and other compositions are the same with CD...
July 2012: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Zhuorong Liu, Yulin Gao, Ju Luo, Fengxiang Lai, Yunhe Li, Qiang Fu, Yufa Peng
Although rice (Oryza sativa L.) lines that express Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) toxins have shown great potential for managing the major Lepidoptera pests of rice in southern China, including Sesamia inferens, their long-term use is dependent on managing resistance development to Bt toxins in pest populations. The maintenance of "natural" refuges, non-Bt expressing plants that are hosts for a target pest, has been proposed as a means to minimize the evolution of resistance to Bt toxins in transgenic plants. In the current study, field surveys and greenhouse experiments were conducted to identify host plants of S...
June 2011: Environmental Entomology
Yongfu Qiu, Jianping Guo, Shengli Jing, Lili Zhu, Guangcun He
The brown planthopper (Nilaparvata lugens Stål; BPH) has become a severe constraint on rice production. Identification and pyramiding BPH-resistance genes is an economical and effective solution to increase the resistance level of rice varieties. All the BPH-resistance genes identified to date have been from indica rice or wild species. The BPH12 gene in the indica rice accession B14 is derived from the wild species Oryza latifolia. Using an F(2) population from a cross between the indica cultivar 93-11 and B14, we mapped the BPH12 gene to a 1...
February 2012: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
X F Bian, X Liu, Z G Zhao, L Jiang, H Gao, Y H Zhang, M Zheng, L M Chen, S J Liu, H Q Zhai, J M Wan
Heading date in rice is an important agronomic trait controlled by several genes. In this study, flowering time of variety Dianjingyou 1 (DJY1) was earlier than a near-isogenic line (named NIL) carried chromosome segment from African rice on chromosome 3S, when grown in both long-day (LD) and short-day (SD) conditions. By analyzing a large F2 population from NIL × DJY1, the locus DTH3 (QTL for days to heading on chromosome 3) controlling early heading date in DJY1 was fine mapped to a 64-kb segment which contained only one annotated gene, a MIKC-type MADS-box protein...
December 2011: Plant Cell Reports
Bingjun Qian, Yali Luo, Yun Deng, Linkui Cao, Hongshun Yang, Yongpei Shen, Jian Ping
BACKGROUND: The chemical compositions of the stem and leaf sheath of few-flower wild rice were analysed. In addition, their extracts were evaluated for diphenylpicrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical-scavenging activity, ferric-reducing antioxidant power and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE)-inhibitory activity, since these are important properties of sources of nutraceuticals or functional foods. RESULTS: The stems contained more ascorbic acid (0.06 g kg(-1) fresh weight), protein (28...
January 15, 2012: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Ken-ichiro Nakajima, Kanako Yokoyama, Taichi Koizumi, Ayako Koizumi, Tomiko Asakura, Tohru Terada, Katsuyoshi Masuda, Keisuke Ito, Akiko Shimizu-Ibuka, Takumi Misaka, Keiko Abe
Neoculin occurring in the tropical fruit of Curculigo latifolia is currently the only protein that possesses both a sweet taste and a taste-modifying activity of converting sourness into sweetness. Structurally, this protein is a heterodimer consisting of a neoculin acidic subunit (NAS) and a neoculin basic subunit (NBS). Recently, we found that a neoculin variant in which all five histidine residues are replaced with alanine elicits intense sweetness at both neutral and acidic pH but has no taste-modifying activity...
2011: PloS One
Robert Kröger, Matthew T Moore
Fipronil, a phenyl-pyrazole insecticide, is often used in rice (Oryza sativa L.) production agriculture, with elevated runoff concentrations and loads having potential toxicological effects on downstream aquatic environments. This study evaluated two species of aquatic plants-broadleaf cattail (Typha latifolia L.) and powdery alligator-flag (Thalia dealbata Fraser ex Roscoe)-placed in series against a nonvegetated mesocosm in reducing concentrations and loads of fipronil, and associated metabolites. Vegetation type and hydrological condition (inundated vs...
March 2011: Journal of Environmental Quality
Hong-Yan Wang, Qin Tian, Yi-Qiao Ma, Ying Wu, Gao-Jian Miao, Yan Ma, Dong-Hui Cao, Xiao-Li Wang, Chunjing Lin, Jingsong Pang, Bao Liu
Hybridization is prevalent in plants, which plays important roles in genome evolution. Apart from direct transfer and recombinatory generation of genetic variations by hybridization, de novo genetic instabilities can be induced by the process per se. One mechanism by which such de novo genetic variability can be generated by interspecific hybridization is transpositional reactivation of quiescent parental transposable elements (TEs) in the nascent hybrids. We have reported previously that introgressive hybridization between rice (Oryza sativa L...
December 2010: Hereditas
Hui Li, Li Lu, Yanfang Heng, Rui Qin, Yongzhong Xing, Weiwei Jin
Synthesized allopolyploids are valuable materials for comparative analyses of two or more distinct genomes, such as the expression changes (activation, inactivation or differential expression) of orthologous genes following allopolyploidization. CENH3 is a centromere- specific histone H3 variant and has been regarded as a central component in kinetochore formation and centromere function. In this study, interspecific hybrids of Oryza genus (AA × CC, AA × CCDD) and their backcross progenies were produced, and the genome constitutions were identified as AC, ACC, ACD, AACD, or AA(CD) by Genomic in situ hybridization (GISH)...
October 2010: Journal of Genetics and Genomics, Yi Chuan Xue Bao
Ningning Wang, Hongyan Wang, Hui Wang, Di Zhang, Ying Wu, Xiufang Ou, Shuang Liu, Zhenying Dong, Bao Liu
BACKGROUND: It is widely recognized that interspecific hybridization may induce "genome shock", and lead to genetic and epigenetic instabilities in the resultant hybrids and/or backcrossed introgressants. A prominent component involved in the genome shock is reactivation of cryptic transposable elements (TEs) in the hybrid genome, which is often associated with alteration in the elements' epigenetic modifications like cytosine DNA methylation. We have previously reported that introgressants derived from hybridization between Oryza sativa (rice) and Zizania latifolia manifested substantial methylation re-patterning and rampant mobilization of two TEs, a copia retrotransposon Tos17 and a MITE mPing...
2010: BMC Plant Biology
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