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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340086/real-world-massage-therapy-produces-meaningful-effectiveness-signal-for-primary-care-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain-results-of-a-repeated-measures-cohort-study
#1
William G Elder, Niki Munk, Margaret M Love, Geza G Bruckner, Kathryn E Stewart, Kevin Pearce
Objective.:  While efficacy of massage and other nonpharmacological treatments for chronic low back pain is established, stakeholders have called for pragmatic studies of effectiveness in "real-world" primary health care. The Kentucky Pain Research and Outcomes Study evaluated massage impact on pain, disability, and health-related quality of life for primary care patients with chronic low back pain. We report effectiveness and feasibility results, and make comparisons with established minimal clinically important differences...
March 14, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340053/does-the-regulatory-environment-for-e-cigarettes-influence-the-effectiveness-of-e-cigarettes-for-smoking-cessation-longitudinal-findings-from-the-itc-four-country-survey
#2
Hua-Hie Yong, Sara C Hitchman, K Michael Cummings, Ron Borland, Shannon M L Gravely, Ann McNeill, Geoffrey T Fong
Introduction: To date, no studies have explored how different regulatory environments may influence the effectiveness of ECs as a smoking cessation aid. Objective: This study compares the real-world effectiveness of adult smokers using ECs for quitting compared with quitting unassisted or quitting with NRT and/or prescription medications in two countries with restrictive policies towards ECs (i.e., Canada and Australia) versus two countries with less restrictive policies (i...
March 4, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339675/high-reported-rates-of-antimicrobial-resistance-in-indian-neonatal-and-pediatric-blood-stream-infections
#3
Dhanya Dharmapalan, Anita Shet, Vijay Yewale, Mike Sharland
Background.: There is real shortage of national data on antimicrobial resistance rates in Indian neonates and children. A descriptive review was conducted to determine the patterns of antimicrobial resistance in isolates of blood stream infection among hospitalized children in India. Methods.: Published and gray literature on antibiotic resistance in children was searched using "Google Scholar", "Scopus", and "PubMed" databases between January 2000 and July 2015...
February 18, 2017: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339480/a-new-accuracy-measure-based-on-bounded-relative-error-for-time-series-forecasting
#4
Chao Chen, Jamie Twycross, Jonathan M Garibaldi
Many accuracy measures have been proposed in the past for time series forecasting comparisons. However, many of these measures suffer from one or more issues such as poor resistance to outliers and scale dependence. In this paper, while summarising commonly used accuracy measures, a special review is made on the symmetric mean absolute percentage error. Moreover, a new accuracy measure called the Unscaled Mean Bounded Relative Absolute Error (UMBRAE), which combines the best features of various alternative measures, is proposed to address the common issues of existing measures...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339408/exploring-the-feasibility-and-use-of-acceleromters-before-during-and-after-a-camp-based-cimt-program-for-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#5
Patty Coker-Bolt, Ryan J Downey, Jacqueline Connolly, Reagin Hoover, Daniel Shelton, Na Jin Seo
PURPOSE: The aim of this pilot study was to determine the feasibility and use accelerometers before, during, and after a camp-based constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT) program for children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy. METHODS: A pre-test post-test design was used for 12 children with CP (mean = 4.9 yrs) who completed a 30-hour camp-based CIMT program. The accelerometer data were collected using ActiGraph GT9X Link. Children wore accelerometers on both wrists one day before and after the camp and on the affected limb during each camp day...
2017: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339302/driver-trust-in-five-driver-assistance-technologies-following-real-world-use-in-four-production-vehicles
#6
David G Kidd, Jessica B Cicchino, Ian J Reagan, Laura B Kerfoot
OBJECTIVES: Information about drivers' experiences with driver assistance technologies in real driving conditions is sparse. This study characterized driver interactions with forward collision warning, adaptive cruise control, active lane keeping, side-view assist, and lane departure warning systems following real-world use. METHODS: Fifty-four Insurance Institute for Highway Safety employees participated and drove a 2016 Toyota Prius, 2016 Honda Civic, 2017 Audi Q7, or 2016 Infiniti QX60 for up to several weeks...
March 1, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335568/an-electricity-price-aware-open-source-smart-socket-for-the-internet-of-energy
#7
Óscar Blanco-Novoa, Tiago M Fernández-Caramés, Paula Fraga-Lamas, Luis Castedo
The Internet of Energy (IoE) represents a novel paradigm where electrical power systems work cooperatively with smart devices to increase the visibility of energy consumption and create safer, cleaner and sustainable energy systems. The implementation of IoE services involves the use of multiple components, like embedded systems, power electronics or sensors, which are an essential part of the infrastructure dedicated to the generation and distribution energy and the one required by the final consumer. This article focuses on the latter and presents a smart socket system that collects the information about energy price and makes use of sensors and actuators to optimize home energy consumption according to the user preferences...
March 21, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335498/on-the-prediction-of-flickr-image-popularity-by-analyzing-heterogeneous-social-sensory-data
#8
Samah Aloufi, Shiai Zhu, Abdulmotaleb El Saddik
The increase in the popularity of social media has shattered the gap between the physical and virtual worlds. The content generated by people or social sensors on social media provides information about users and their living surroundings, which allows us to access a user's preferences, opinions, and interactions. This provides an opportunity for us to understand human behavior and enhance the services provided for both the real and virtual worlds. In this paper, we will focus on the popularity prediction of social images on Flickr, a popular social photo-sharing site, and promote the research on utilizing social sensory data in the context of assisting people to improve their life on the Web...
March 19, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333645/improving-crowdsourced-label-quality-using-noise-correction
#9
Jing Zhang, Victor S Sheng, Tao Li, Xindong Wu
Crowdsourcing systems provide a cost effective and convenient way to collect labels, but they often fail to guarantee the quality of the labels. This paper proposes a novel framework that introduces noise correction techniques to further improve the quality of integrated labels that are inferred from the multiple noisy labels of objects. In the proposed general framework, information about the qualities of labelers estimated by a front-end ground truth inference algorithm is utilized to supervise subsequent label noise filtering and correction...
March 22, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332819/a-path-to-impact-for-autonomous-field-deployable-chemical-sensors-a-case-study-of-in-situ-nitrite-sensors
#10
Tim M Schierenbeck, Matthew C Smith
Natural freshwater systems have been severely affected by excess loading of macronutrients (e.g., nitrogen and phosphorous) from fertilizers, fossil fuels, and human and livestock waste. In the USA, impacts to drinking water quality, biogeochemical cycles, and aquatic ecosystems are estimated to cost US$210 billion annually. Field-deployable nutrient sensors (FDS) offer potential to support research and resource management efforts by acquiring higher resolution data than are currently supported by expensive conventional sampling methods...
March 23, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331566/person-centered-prediction-of-survival-in-population-based-screening-program-by-an-intelligent-clinical-decision-support-system
#11
Reza Safdari, Elham Maserat, Hamid Asadzadeh Aghdaei, Amir Hossein Javan Amoli, Hamid Mohaghegh Shalmani
AIM: To survey person centered survival rate in population based screening program by an intelligent clinical decision support system. BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer is the most common malignancy and major cause of morbidity and mortality throughout the world. Colorectal cancer is the sixth leading cause of cancer death in Iran. In this survey, we used cosine similarity as data mining technique and intelligent system for estimating survival of at risk groups in the screening plan...
2017: Gastroenterology and Hepatology From Bed to Bench
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331299/assessing-physician-and-patient-acceptance-of-infliximab-biosimilars-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-ankylosing-spondyloarthritis-and-psoriatic-arthritis-across-germany
#12
John Waller, Emma Sullivan, James Piercy, Christopher M Black, Sumesh Kachroo
OBJECTIVES: We examined rheumatologists' motivation for prescribing biosimilars, assessed their treatment preferences in relation to prescribing behavior and explored patient attitudes to biosimilars. METHODS: Data were taken from the Adelphi Real World Biosimilars Programme, a real-world, cross-sectional study undertaken with German rheumatologists and patients with rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondyloarthritis or psoriatic arthritis in 2015-2016. Rheumatologists provided data on their prescribing behavior and attitudes toward biosimilars and invited the next eight eligible consecutive consulting patients to complete a questionnaire...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330751/reduction-in-heart-failure-hospitalizations-with-ambulatory-hemodynamic-monitoring-seen-in-clinical-trials-is-maintained-in-the-real-world
#13
Akshay S Desai, Arvind Bhimaraj, Rupinder Bharmi, Rita Jermyn, Kunjan Bhatt, David Shavelle, Margaret M Redfield, Robert Hull, Jamie A Pelzel, Kevin Davis, Nirav Dalal, Philip B Adamson, J Thomas Heywood
BACKGROUND: In the CHAMPION trial, heart failure hospitalization (HFH) rates were lower in patients managed with guidance from an implantable pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) sensor compared to usual care. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effectiveness of ambulatory hemodynamic monitoring in reducing HFH outside the clinical trial setting. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using US Medicare claims data from patients undergoing PAP sensor implantation between 6/1/2014 and 12/31/2015...
March 9, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330750/real-world-data-on-heart-failure-readmission-reduction-real-or-real-uncertain
#14
EDITORIAL
Harlan M Krumholz, Sanket S Dhruva
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330294/immuno-hybrid-algorithm-a-novel-hybrid-approach-for-grn-reconstruction
#15
A S Jereesh, V K Govindan
Bio-inspired algorithms are widely used to optimize the model parameters of GRN. In this paper, focus is given to develop improvised versions of bio-inspired algorithm for the specific problem of reconstruction of gene regulatory network. The approach is applied to the data set that was developed by the DNA microarray technology through biological experiments in the lab. This paper introduced a novel hybrid method, which combines the clonal selection algorithm and BFGS Quasi-Newton algorithm. The proposed approach implemented for real world E...
December 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329123/prevalence-of-chagas-disease-in-the-latin-american-born-population-of-los-angeles
#16
Sheba K Meymandi, Colin J Forsyth, Jonathan Soverow, Salvador Hernandez, Daniel Sanchez, Susan P Montgomery, Mahmoud Traina
Background.: According to an estimate from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Chagas disease (CD) may affect 1.31% of Latin American immigrants in the United States, with >300 000 cases. However, there is a lack of real-world data to support this estimate. Little is known about the actual prevalence of this neglected tropical disease in the United States, and the bulk of those infected are undiagnosed. Methods.: From April 2008 to May 2014, we screened 4,755 Latin American-born residents of Los Angeles County...
February 12, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328942/the-value-of-theory-in-programmes-to-implement-clinical-guidelines-insights-from-a-retrospective-mixed-methods-evaluation-of-a-programme-to-increase-adherence-to-national-guidelines-for-chronic-disease-in-primary-care
#17
Jessica Sheringham, Francesca Solmi, Cono Ariti, Abigail Baim-Lance, Steve Morris, Naomi J Fulop
BACKGROUND: Programmes have had limited success in improving guideline adherence for chronic disease. Use of theory is recommended but is often absent in programmes conducted in 'real-world' rather than research settings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This mixed-methods study tested a retrospective theory-based approach to evaluate a 'real-world' programme in primary care to improve adherence to national guidelines for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Qualitative data, comprising analysis of documents generated throughout the programme (n>300), in-depth interviews with planners (clinicians, managers and improvement experts involved in devising, planning, and implementing the programme, n = 14) and providers (practice clinicians, n = 14) were used to construct programme theories, experiences of implementation and contextual factors influencing care...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328647/pressure-injury-in-a-community-population-a-descriptive-study
#18
Lisa Q Corbett, Marjorie Funk, Gilbert Fortunato, David M OʼSullivan
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe present-on-admission pressure injuries (POA-PIs) in community-dwelling adults admitted to acute care. The specific aims of the study were to (1) measure the prevalence of POA-PIs during a 1-year period; (2) determine prehospital location of patients with POA-PIs; and (3) describe demographics, pressure injury (PI) characteristics, risk factors, and posthospital outcome of community-dwelling adults with PIs admitted to hospital. DESIGN: Retrospective descriptive study...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328512/multitarget-sparse-latent-regression
#19
Xiantong Zhen, Mengyang Yu, Feng Zheng, Ilanit Ben Nachum, Mousumi Bhaduri, David Laidley, Shuo Li
Multitarget regression has recently generated intensive popularity due to its ability to simultaneously solve multiple regression tasks with improved performance, while great challenges stem from jointly exploring inter-target correlations and input-output relationships. In this paper, we propose multitarget sparse latent regression (MSLR) to simultaneously model intrinsic intertarget correlations and complex nonlinear input-output relationships in one single framework. By deploying a structure matrix, the MSLR accomplishes a latent variable model which is able to explicitly encode intertarget correlations via ℓ2,1-norm-based sparse learning; the MSLR naturally admits a representer theorem for kernel extension, which enables it to flexibly handle highly complex nonlinear input-output relationships; the MSLR can be solved efficiently by an alternating optimization algorithm with guaranteed convergence, which ensures efficient multitarget regression...
March 16, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326833/efficacy-and-safety-of-eribulin-in-taxane-refractory-patients-in-the-real-world
#20
Vito Lorusso, Saverio Cinieri, Agnese Latorre, Luca Porcu, Lucia Del Mastro, Fabio Puglisi, Sandro Barni
AIM: Recent clinical, randomized and observational studies showed that eribulin, an analogous of Halichondrin B, was beneficial and well-tolerated in heavily pretreated metastatic breast cancer patients. Here, we aim to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of eribulin in taxane-refractory metastatic breast cancer patients. PATIENTS & METHODS: In this subanalysis of the ESEMPIO study database, we selected 91 subjects with well-defined taxane refractoriness and complete data available...
February 24, 2017: Future Oncology
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