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Oryza eichingeri

Lili Hou, Meng Xu, Tao Zhang, Zhihao Xu, Weiyun Wang, Jianxiang Zhang, Meimei Yu, Wen Ji, Cenwen Zhu, Zhiyun Gong, Minghong Gu, Jiming Jiang, Hengxiu Yu
BACKGROUND: The chromosome-specific probe is a fundamental tool of chromosome painting and has been commonly applied in mammalian species. The technology, however, has not been widely applied in plants due to a lack of methodologies for probe development. Identification and labeling of a large number of oligonucleotides (oligos) specific to a single chromosome offers us an opportunity to establish chromosome-specific probes in plants. However, never before has whole chromosome painting been performed in rice...
June 7, 2018: BMC Plant Biology
Manas R Prusty, Sung-Ryul Kim, Ricky Vinarao, Frederickson Entila, James Egdane, Maria G Q Diaz, Kshirod K Jena
Cultivated rice ( Oryza sativa L.) is very sensitive to salt stress. So far a few rice landraces have been identified as a source of salt tolerance and utilized in rice improvement. These tolerant lines primarily use Na+ exclusion mechanism in root which removes Na+ from the xylem stream by membrane Na+ and K+ transporters, and resulted in low Na+ accumulation in shoot. Identification of a new donor source conferring high salt tolerance is imperative. Wild relatives of rice having wide genetic diversity are regarded as a potential source for crop improvement...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Avishek Banik, Subhra Kanti Mukhopadhaya, Tushar Kanti Dangar
The diversity of endophytic and epiphytic diazotrophs in different parts of rice plants has specificity to the niche (i.e. leaf, stem and root) of different genotypes and nutrient availability of the organ. Inoculation of the indigenous, polyvalent diazotrophs can facilitate and sustain production of non-leguminous crops like rice. Therefore, N2-fixing plant growth promoting bacteria (PGPB) were isolated from different parts of three Indian cultivated [Oryza sativa L. var. Sabita (semi deep/deep water)/Swarna (rain fed shallow lowland)/Swarna-Sub1(submergence tolerant)] and a wild (O...
March 2016: Planta
Xin-Hui Zou, Yu-Su Du, Liang Tang, Xin-Wei Xu, Jeff J Doyle, Tao Sang, Song Ge
In the rice genus (Oryza), about one half of the species are allopolyploids. These species are not only important resources for rice breeding but also provide a unique opportunity for studying evolution of polyploid species. In the present study, we sequenced four biparentally inherited nuclear loci and three maternally inherited chloroplast fragments from all diploid and tetraploid species with the B- and C-genome types in this genus. We detected at least three independent origins of three BC-genome tetraploid species...
October 13, 2015: Scientific Reports
Z Y Wang, G Second, S D Tanksley
Ninety-three accessions representing 21 species from the genus Oryza were examined for restriction fragment length polymorphism. The majority (78%) of the accessions, for which five individuals were tested, were found to be monomorphic. Most of the polymorphic accessions segregated for only one or two probes and appeared to be mixed pure lines. For most of the Oryza species tested, the majority of the genetic variation (83%) was found between accessions from different species with only 17% between accessions within species...
March 1992: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
Raj Kumar Niroula, Chiara Pucciariello, Viet The Ho, Giacomo Novi, Takeshi Fukao, Pierdomenico Perata
Crop tolerance to flooding is an important agronomic trait. Although rice (Oryza sativa) is considered a flood-tolerant crop, only limited cultivars display tolerance to prolonged submergence, which is largely attributed to the presence of the SUB1A gene. Wild Oryza species have the potential to unveil adaptive mechanisms and shed light on the basis of submergence tolerance traits. In this study, we screened 109 Oryza genotypes belonging to different rice genome groups for flooding tolerance. Oryza nivara and Oryza rufipogon accessions, belonging to the A-genome group, together with Oryza sativa, showed a wide range of submergence responses, and the tolerance-related SUB1A-1 and the intolerance-related SUB1A-2 alleles were found in tolerant and sensitive accessions, respectively...
October 2012: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
Lin-Bin Zhang, Song Ge
Nucleotide variation in 10 unlinked nuclear genes was investigated in species-wide samples of Oryza officinalis and its close relatives (Oryza eichingeri and Oryza rhizomatis). Average estimates of nucleotide diversity were the lowest in O. rhizomatis ((sil) = 0.0038) and the highest in O. eichingeri ((sil) = 0.0057) that is disjunctly distributed in Africa and Sri Lanka. These wild rice species appeared to harbor relatively low levels of nucleotide variation relative to other plant species because the diversity level of O...
March 2007: Molecular Biology and Evolution
E A Veasey, M G Karasawa, P P Santos, M S Rosa, E Mamani, G C X Oliveira
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The aim of this paper was to verify the variation in the loss of seed dormancy during after-ripening and the interspecific and interpopulation variability in the degree of dormancy of seven wild and two cultivated rice species comprising 21 populations and two cultivars. METHODS: Four wild rice species from South America, Oryza glumaepatula, O. latifolia, O. grandiglumis and O. alta, and two O. sativa cultivars were tested in one experiment...
December 2004: Annals of Botany
H. H. Yan, G. Q. Liu, Z. K. Cheng, X. B. Li, G. Z. Liu, S. K. Min, L.H. Zhu
In the course of transferring the brown planthopper resistance from a diploid, CC-genome wild rice species, Oryza eichingeri (IRGC acc. 105159 and 105163), to the cultivated rice variety 02428, we have isolated many alien addition and introgression lines. The O. eichingeri chromatin in some of these lines has previously been identified using genomic in situ hybridization and molecular-marker analysis. Here we cloned a tandemly repetitive DNA sequence from O. eichingeri IRGC acc105163, and detected it in 25 introgression lines...
February 2002: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
A B Shcherban, D A Vaughan, N Tomooka, A Kaga
The Oryza officinalis complex is a genetically diverse, tertiary genepool of rice. We analyzed part of the primary structure of the integrase coding domain (ICD) of a gypsy-like retrotransposon from species of the O. officinalis species complex. PCR was performed with degenerate primers that hybridized to conserved sequences in the integrase genes of gypsy-type retrotransposons, using total DNA from different species of the O. officinalis complex as templates. Cloning and sequencing of the PCR products showed that the amplified fragments are highly homologous to each other (75-90%) and belong to one family of retrotransposons that is related to the previously studied RIRE-2 element from rice...
2000: Genetica
H Yan, G Liu, Z Cheng, S Min, L Zhu
Restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis and GISH (genomic in situ hybridization) were performed on euploid plants derived from crosses between Oryza sativa (2n = 24, AA) and two brown planthopper-resistant accessions of O. eichingeri (2n = 24, CC). After screening with 164 RFLP markers, 60 of the 67 euploid plants were identified as introgression lines, each carrying 1-6 small O. eichingeri segments integrated on chromosomes 1, 2, 6, or 10. In the somatic chromosome preparations of F1 hybrid, O...
February 2001: Genome GĂ©nome / Conseil National de Recherches Canada
A B Shcherban, D A Vaughan, N Tomooka
To better understand the genetic diversity of the wild relatives of rice (Oryza sativa L.) in the O. officinalis species complex repetitive DNA markers were obtained from the diploid species of this complex. One cloned sequence from O. eichingeri gave intense hybridization signals with all species of the O. officinalis complex. This 242 bp clone, named pOe.49, has a copy number from 0.9 to 4.0 x 10(4) in diploid species of this complex. Analysis of the primary structure and database searches revealed homology of pOe...
2000: Genetica
R K Aggarwal, D S Brar, G S Khush
The genus Oryza to which cultivated rice belongs has 24 species (2n = 24 or 48), representing seven genomes (AA, BB, CC, EE, FF, BBCC and CCDD). The genomic constitution of five of these species is unknown. These five species have been grouped into two species complexes, the tetraploid ridleyi complex (O. ridleyi, O. longiglumis) and the diploid meyeriana complex (O. granulata, O. meyeriana, O. indandamanica). To evaluate the genomic structure of these species in terms of divergence at the molecular level vis-a-vis other known genomes of Oryza, we used the total genomic DNA hybridization approach...
March 18, 1997: Molecular & General Genetics: MGG
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