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Oryza minuta

Sajjad Asaf, Muhammad Waqas, Abdul L Khan, Muhammad A Khan, Sang-Mo Kang, Qari M Imran, Raheem Shahzad, Saqib Bilal, Byung-Wook Yun, In-Jung Lee
Oryza minuta, a tetraploid wild relative of cultivated rice (family Poaceae), possesses a BBCC genome and contains genes that confer resistance to bacterial blight (BB) and white-backed (WBPH) and brown (BPH) plant hoppers. Based on the importance of this wild species, this study aimed to understand the phylogenetic relationships of O. minuta with other Oryza species through an in-depth analysis of the composition and diversity of the chloroplast (cp) genome. The analysis revealed a cp genome size of 135,094 bp with a typical quadripartite structure and consisting of a pair of inverted repeats separated by small and large single copies, 139 representative genes, and 419 randomly distributed microsatellites...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
Klaus Konrad Scheuermann, Yulin Jia
The Pi9 gene in rice, originating from Oryza minuta, is an effective resistance gene for controlling rice blast disease. However, currently available linked DNA markers do not accurately identify the function of Pi9, thus hindering its efficient incorporation into new cultivars through marker-assisted selection (MAS). In addition, no known Pi9-containing rice germplasm is available to breeders. In the present study, DNA sequence variation of Pi9 alleles and their family members was analyzed in 40 diverse rice germplasm accessions from the AA genome to develop a robust Pi9 marker...
August 2016: Phytopathology
Sajjad Asaf, Abdul Latif Khan, Abdur Rahim Khan, Muhammad Waqas, Sang-Mo Kang, Muhammad Aaqil Khan, Raheem Shahzad, Chang-Woo Seo, Jae-Ho Shin, In-Jung Lee
Oryza minuta (Poaceae family) is a tetraploid wild relative of cultivated rice with a BBCC genome. O. minuta has the potential to resist against various pathogenic diseases such as bacterial blight (BB), white backed planthopper (WBPH) and brown plant hopper (BPH). Here, we sequenced and annotated the complete mitochondrial genome of O. minuta. The mtDNA genome is 515,022 bp, containing 60 protein coding genes, 31 tRNA genes and two rRNA genes. The mitochondrial genome organization and the gene content at the nucleotide level are highly similar (89%) to that of O...
2016: PloS One
Xin-Hui Zou, Yu-Su Du, Liang Tang, Xin-Wei Xu, Jeff J Doyle, Tao Sang, Song Ge
In the rice genus (Oryza), about one half of the species are allopolyploids. These species are not only important resources for rice breeding but also provide a unique opportunity for studying evolution of polyploid species. In the present study, we sequenced four biparentally inherited nuclear loci and three maternally inherited chloroplast fragments from all diploid and tetraploid species with the B- and C-genome types in this genus. We detected at least three independent origins of three BC-genome tetraploid species...
October 13, 2015: Scientific Reports
K Vaidyanath, K K Raju, G M Reddy
Using the two-dimensional paper-chromatographic technique, free-aminoacid analysis was made on nine diploids and five allotetraploid species of Oryza, to study the biochemical and physiological bases of species relationships. The relationship between different species was inferred on the basis of similarity or differences in polygon patterns of aminoacids, drawn using Ellison's paired affinity values. Among the diploid species, O. sativa, O. perennis subsp. balunga, O. glaberrima and O. breviligulata showed similar polygon patterns, suggesting close relationships...
January 1974: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
Yi Sui, Bo Li, Jinfeng Shi, Mingsheng Chen
BACKGROUND: Polyploid species contribute to Oryza diversity. However, the mechanisms underlying gene and genome evolution in Oryza polyploids remain largely unknown. The allotetraploid Oryza minuta, which is estimated to have formed less than one million years ago, along with its putative diploid progenitors (O. punctata and O. officinalis), are quite suitable for the study of polyploid genome evolution using a comparative genomics approach. RESULTS: Here, we performed a comparative study of a large genomic region surrounding the Shattering4 locus in O...
2014: BMC Genomics
A Amante-Bordeos, L A Sitch, R Nelson, R D Dalmacio, N P Oliva, H Aswidinnoor, H Leung
Oryza minuta J. S. Presl ex C. B. Presl is a tetraploid wild rice with resistance to several insects and diseases, including blast (caused by Pyricularia grisea) and bacterial blight (caused by Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae). To transfer resistance from the wild species into the genome of cultivated rice (Oryza sativa L.), backcross progeny (BC1, BC2, and BC3) were produced from interspecific hybrids of O. sativa cv 'IR31917-45-3-2' (2n=24, AA genome) and O. minuta Acc. 101141 (2n=48, BBCC genomes) by backcrossing to the O...
July 1992: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
Z Y Wang, G Second, S D Tanksley
Ninety-three accessions representing 21 species from the genus Oryza were examined for restriction fragment length polymorphism. The majority (78%) of the accessions, for which five individuals were tested, were found to be monomorphic. Most of the polymorphic accessions segregated for only one or two probes and appeared to be mixed pure lines. For most of the Oryza species tested, the majority of the genetic variation (83%) was found between accessions from different species with only 17% between accessions within species...
March 1992: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
G O Romero, A D Amante-Bordeos, R D Dalmacio, R Elloran, L A Sitch
Enzyme electrophoresis was used to compare the isozyme phenotypes of Oryza sativa, IR31917 (AA genome), and two O. minuta accessions (Om 101089 and Om101141; BBCC genome) for ten enzyme systems. Between the two species, two systems were monomorphic (isocitrate dehydrogenase and alcohol dehydrogenase) and eight were polymorphic (shikimate dehydrogenase, phosphogluconate dehydrogenase, phosphoglucose isomerase, malate dehydrogenase, glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase, esterase, aminopeptidase, and endopeptidase)...
December 1993: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
A L Mariam, A H Zakri, M C Mahani, M N Normah
Crosses were made between four varieties ('Mahsuri', 'Setanjung", 'MR84" and 'MR103") of Oryza sativa L. (2n=24, AA) and one accession of O. minuta (2n= 8, BBCC). The seed set obtained ranged between 9.5% and 25.1% depending on the rice variety used. By rescuing 14-day-old embryos and culturing them on 25%-strength MS medium we obtained a total of 414 F1 hybrids. The F1s were vigorous, tillered profusely, were perennial and male-sterile. The hybrids were triploid (ABC) with 36 chromosomes and showed irregular meiosis...
October 1996: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
Hong-Jing Li, Xiang-Hua Li, Jing-Hua Xiao, Rod A Wing, Shi-Ping Wang
The rice disease resistance (R) gene Xa3/Xa26 (having also been named Xa3 and Xa26) against Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo), which causes bacterial blight disease, belongs to a multiple gene family clustered in chromosome 11 and is from an AA genome rice cultivar (Oryza sativa L.). This family encodes leucine-rich repeat (LRR) receptor kinase-type proteins. Here, we show that the orthologs (alleles) of Xa3/Xa26, Xa3/Xa26-2, and Xa3/Xa26-3, from wild Oryza species O. officinalis (CC genome) and O. minuta (BBCC genome), respectively, were also R genes against Xoo...
January 2012: Molecular Plant
Liangying Dai, Jun Wu, Xunbo Li, Xuejun Wang, Xionglun Liu, Chatchawan Jantasuriyarat, Dave Kudrna, Yeisoo Yu, Rod A Wing, Bin Han, Bo Zhou, Guo-Liang Wang
Rice blast, caused by the fungal pathogen Magnaporthe oryzae, is a devastating disease of rice worldwide. Among the 85 mapped resistance (R) genes against blast, 13 have been cloned and characterized. However, how these genes originated and how they evolved in the Oryza genus remains unclear. We previously cloned the rice blast R-genes Pi2, Pi9, and Piz-t, and analyzed their genomic structure and evolution in cultivated rice. In this study, we determined the genomic sequences of the Pi2/9 locus in four wild Oryza species representing three genomes (AA, BB and CC)...
July 2010: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
Min Kyoung You, Hyun Young Shin, Young Jin Kim, Sung Han Ok, Sung Ki Cho, Ji Ung Jeung, Sang Dong Yoo, Jeong Kook Kim, Jeong Sheop Shin
Screening of the expressed sequence tag library of the wild rice species Oryza minuta revealed an unknown gene that was rapidly and strongly induced in response to attack by a rice fungal pathogen (Magnaporthe oryzae) and an insect (Nilaparvata lugens) and by wounding, abscisic acid (ABA), and methyl jasmonate treatments. Its recombinant protein was identified as a bifunctional nuclease with both RNase and DNase activities in vitro. This gene was designated OmBBD (for O. minuta bifunctional nuclease in basal defense response)...
February 2010: Plant Physiology
SiBin Guo, FaLan Qin, DuanPin Zhang, XingHua Lin
Oryza minuta, a tetraploid wild relative of cultivated rice, is an important source for the genetic improvement. Interspecific hybrids were obtained from the cross of O. sativa L. (IR24) and O. minuta (Acc. No. 101133) with 5.58% crossability, which ranged from 0.11% to 1.62% in the backcross generations. The chromosome numbers of the backcross progenies were 24 to 48. Seven yield-related traits of the parents, hybrid F(1), and backcross progenies were evaluated. Simple sequence repeat markers analysis showed that the polymorphism ratio of SSR bands between IR24 and Acc...
December 2009: Science in China. Series C, Life Sciences
Julie Jacquemin, Michèle Laudié, Richard Cooke
BACKGROUND: The role of gene duplication in the structural and functional evolution of genomes has been well documented. Analysis of complete rice (Oryza sativa) genome sequences suggested an ancient whole genome duplication, common to all the grasses, some 50-70 million years ago and a more conserved segmental duplication between the distal regions of the short arms of chromosomes 11 and 12, whose evolutionary history is controversial. RESULTS: We have carried out a comparative analysis of this duplication within the wild species of the genus Oryza, using a phylogenetic approach to specify its origin and evolutionary dynamics...
2009: BMC Plant Biology
Md Lutfor Rahman, Wenzhu Jiang, Sang Ho Chu, Yongli Qiao, Tae-Ho Ham, Mi-Ok Woo, Joohyun Lee, M Sakina Khanam, Joong-Hyoun Chin, Ji-Ung Jeung, D S Brar, K K Jena, Hee-Jong Koh
Brown planthopper (BPH) is one of the most destructive insect pests of rice. Wild species of rice are a valuable source of resistance genes for developing resistant cultivars. A molecular marker-based genetic analysis of BPH resistance was conducted using an F(2) population derived from a cross between an introgression line, 'IR71033-121-15', from Oryza minuta (Accession number 101141) and a susceptible Korean japonica variety, 'Junambyeo'. Resistance to BPH (biotype 1) was evaluated using 190 F(3) families...
November 2009: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
Fei Lu, Jetty S S Ammiraju, Abhijit Sanyal, Shengli Zhang, Rentao Song, Jinfeng Chen, Guisheng Li, Yi Sui, Xiang Song, Zhukuan Cheng, Antonio Costa de Oliveira, Jeffrey L Bennetzen, Scott A Jackson, Rod A Wing, Mingsheng Chen
Comparative genomics is a powerful tool to decipher gene and genome evolution. Placing multiple genome comparisons in a phylogenetic context improves the sensitivity of evolutionary inferences. In the genus Oryza, this comparative approach can be used to investigate gene function, genome evolution, domestication, polyploidy, and ecological adaptation. A large genomic region surrounding the MONOCULM1 (MOC1) locus was chosen for study in 14 Oryza species, including 10 diploids and 4 allotetraploids. Sequencing and annotation of 18 bacterial artificial chromosome clones for these species revealed highly conserved gene colinearity and structure in the MOC1 region...
February 10, 2009: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Md Lutfor Rahman, Sang Ho Chu, Min-Sun Choi, Yong Li Qiao, Wenzhu Jiang, Rihua Piao, Sakina Khanam, Young-Il Cho, Ji-Ung Jeung, Kshirod Jena, Hee-Jong Koh
Wild progenitor species provide potential gene sources for complex traits such as yield and multiple resistances to biotic and abiotic stresses, and thus are expected to contribute to sustainable food supplies. An introgression line 'IR71033-121-15' was derived from a wild species Oryza minuta (2n = 48, BBCC, Acc No. 101141) at IRRI. Introgression analysis using 530 SSR and STS markers revealed that at least 14 chromosomal segments distributed over 12 chromosomes had been introgressed from O. minuta. An F2:3 population from the cross between IR71033 and Junambyeo (a Korean japonica cultivar) consisting of 146 lines was used for quantitative trait loci (QTL) analysis of 16 agronomic traits...
August 31, 2007: Molecules and Cells
Min Kyoung You, Seung-Ick Oh, Sung Han Ok, Sung Ki Cho, Hyun Young Shin, Ji Ung Jeung, Jeong Sheop Shin
The mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling cascade is critical for regulating plant defense systems against various kinds of pathogen and environmental stresses. One component of this cascade, the MAP kinase kinases (MAPKK), has not yet been shown to be induced in plants following biotic attacks, such as those by insects and fungi. We describe here a gene coding for a blast (Magnaporthe grisea)- and insect (Nilaparvata lugens)-responsive putative MAPK kinase, OmMKK1 (Oryza minuta MAPKK 1), which was identified in a library of O...
February 28, 2007: Molecules and Cells
Tomotaro Nishikawa, Duncan A Vaughan, Koh-ichi Kadowaki
Simple sequence repeats (SSR) and their flanking regions in the mitochondrial and chloroplast genomes were sequenced in order to reveal DNA sequence variation. This information was used to gain new insights into phylogenetic relationships among species in the genus Oryza. Seven mitochondrial and five chloroplast SSR loci equal to or longer than ten mononucleotide repeats were chosen from known rice mitochondrial and chloroplast genome sequences. A total of 50 accessions of Oryza that represented six different diploid genomes and three different allopolyploid genomes of Oryza species were analyzed...
February 2005: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
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