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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812320/the-relationship-between-periodontal-disease-tooth-loss-and-decreased-skeletal-bone-mineral-density-in-ageing-women
#1
Ivana Savić Pavičin, Jelena Dumančić, Tomislav Jukić, Tomislav Badel
AIM: Osteoporosis and periodontitis are both chronic diseases characterised by bone loss. Potential association is of great clinical importance because of multifactorial aetiology and common risk factors. The aim of this study was to determine relationship between bone mineral density (BMD), tooth loss and periodontal status taking into account age, number of years since onset of menopause and educational level. With increasing age, number of years since onset of menopause and lower educational level, decreased BMD, deteriorating periodontal status and greater tooth loss are expected...
August 15, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811270/developing-and-evaluating-jiapp-acceptability-and-usability-of-a-smartphone-app-system-to-improve-self-management-in-young-people-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#2
Ran A Cai, Dominik Beste, Hema Chaplin, Socrates Varakliotis, Linda Suffield, Francesca Josephs, Debajit Sen, Lucy R Wedderburn, Yiannakis Ioannou, Stephen Hailes, Despina Eleftheriou
BACKGROUND: Flare-ups in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) are characterized by joint pain and swelling and often accompanied with fatigue, negative emotions, and reduced participation in activities. To minimize the impact of JIA on the physical and psychosocial development and well-being of young people (YP), it is essential to regularly monitor disease activity and side effects, as well as to support self-management such as adherence to treatment plans and engagement in general health-promoting behaviors...
August 15, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810415/the-digital-divide-examining-socio-demographic-factors-associated-with-health-literacy-access-and-use-of-internet-to-seek-health-information
#3
Emee Vida Estacio, Rebecca Whittle, Joanne Protheroe
This article aims to examine the socio-demographic characteristics associated with access and use of Internet for health-related purposes and its relationship with health literacy. Data were drawn from a health literacy survey ( N = 1046) and analysed using logistic regression. Results show a strong association between health literacy, internet access and use. Socio-demographic characteristics particularly age, education, income, perceived health and social isolation also predict internet access. Thus, in addition to widening access, the movement towards digitisation of health information and services should also consider digital skills development to enable people to utilise digital technology more effectively, especially among traditionally hard-to-reach communities...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809661/international-educational-interactions-and-students-critical-consciousness-a-pilot-study
#4
Rebecca M Aldrich, Lenin C Grajo
Online technologies facilitate connections between students around the world, but their impact on occupational science and occupational therapy students' critical consciousness about culture is underexplored. In this article we present research on five groups of occupational science and occupational therapy students across two cohorts at one Midwestern university. We used a pretest-posttest group design and the Multicultural Experiences Questionnaire to investigate the potential influence of students' exposure to international educational interactions on their multicultural experiences and desires...
September 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806989/maximising-value-from-a-united-kingdom-biomedical-research-centre-study-protocol
#5
Trisha Greenhalgh, Pavel V Ovseiko, Nick Fahy, Sara Shaw, Polly Kerr, Alexander D Rushforth, Keith M Channon, Vasiliki Kiparoglou
BACKGROUND: Biomedical Research Centres (BRCs) are partnerships between healthcare organisations and universities in England. Their mission is to generate novel treatments, technologies, diagnostics and other interventions that increase the country's international competitiveness, to rapidly translate these innovations into benefits for patients, and to improve efficiency and reduce waste in healthcare. As NIHR Oxford BRC (Oxford BRC) enters its third 5-year funding period, we seek to (1) apply the evidence base on how best to support the various partnerships in this large, multi-stakeholder research system and (2) research how these partnerships play out in a new, ambitious programme of translational research...
August 14, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806233/enhancing-key-competencies-of-health-professionals-in-the-assessment-and-care-of-adults-at-risk-of-suicide-through-education-and-technology
#6
Kathryn Ryan, Claudia Tindall, Gillian Strudwick
PURPOSE: This article describes efforts undertaken to improve the clinical competencies of health professionals in the area of suicide risk assessment, documentation, and care planning. DESCRIPTION OF THE PROJECT: Best practices that fit the mental health and addictions setting were identified from the Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario Best Practice Guideline on Assessment and Care of Adults at Risk for Suicidal Ideation and Behaviour. A variety of methods were used to implement the guidelines at the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health in Toronto, Ontario, Canada...
September 2017: Clinical Nurse Specialist CNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803589/health-technology-assessment-in-central-eastern-and-south-european-countries-croatia
#7
Mirjana Huic, Romana Tandara Hacek, Ivan Svajger
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to provide a brief, 7-year history of health technology assessment (HTA) implementation in Croatia through national and international activities. METHODS: We used retrospective descriptive analysis of key documents related to the legal framework, process of decision making, and HTA. Analysis of the Agency's plan for and experience with the implementation of a transparent HTA process in Croatia was performed by addressing seven key components of the HTA implementation scorecard framework...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801348/incidental-detection-of-germline-variants-of-potential-clinical-significance-by-massively-parallel-sequencing-in-haematological-malignancies
#8
Costas K Yannakou, Kate Jones, Georgina L Ryland, Ella R Thompson, Gareth Reid, Michelle McBean, Alison Trainer, David Westerman, Piers Blombery
Massively parallel sequencing (MPS) technology has become routinely available for diagnosis, prognostication and therapeutic decision-making in haematological malignancies. However, increased throughput and wider coverage of genes can have unintended consequences. Germline variants of potential clinical significance (GVPCSs) detected during cancer testing may have implications for patients and families beyond the biological evaluation of a specific tumour. 721 reports generated from MPS panels used in the routine testing of myeloid and lymphoid malignancies were reviewed and variants within genes of potential germline relevance (TP53, RUNX1, GATA2 and WT1 in all contexts and CBL, KRAS and NRAS in the setting of juvenile myelomonocytic leukaemia) were analysed...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800292/osteoporosis-knowledge-translation-for-young-adults-new-directions-for-prevention-programs
#9
Alyson Holland
INTRODUCTION: Osteoporosis prevention is heavily reliant on education programs, which are most effective when tailored to their intended audience. Most osteoporosis prevention education is designed for older adults, making application of these programs to younger adults difficult. Designing programs for young adults requires understanding the information-seeking practices of young adults, so that knowledge about osteoporosis can be effectively translated. METHODS: Individual interviews were conducted with 60 men and women-multiethnic, Canadian young adults-to explore both the sources and types of information they search for when seeking information on nutrition or bone health...
August 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799582/american-urological-association-aua-112th-annual-meeting-may-12-16-2017-boston-massachusetts-usa
#10
L Hodgkinson
The American Urological Association (AUA) stands at the forefront of technology development and urological education for urologists and urological healthcare professionals worldwide. The 112th annual meeting brought together a wide range of researchers in the field of urology to access knowledge, up-to-date clinical guidelines and advances in research. The meeting consisted of plenary and moderated poster, podium and video sessions highlighting the latest research and advances in urological medicine. This report highlights some of the presentations on therapeutic developments for a range of urological conditions...
June 2017: Drugs of Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799221/repose-repositioning-insulin-pump-therapy-in-type-1-diabetes
#11
N S Oliver
In 2008, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) technology appraisal of continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII, insulin pump therapy) for people with Type 1 diabetes was published [1]. Implementation of this enables children under the age of 12 years to access CSII, and consideration of CSII for adults and children over 12 years with challenging hypo- or hyperglycaemia. In Scotland, the Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN) guidance for management of diabetes states that CSII therapy should be considered for people unable to achieve their glycaemic targets, for those who experience recurring episodes of severe hypoglycaemia, and in infants and very young children with very low basal insulin requirements, for whom even small doses of basal insulin analogue may result in hypoglycaemia [2]...
August 11, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798210/do-biology-majors-really-differ-from-non-stem-majors
#12
Sehoya Cotner, Seth Thompson, Robin Wright
Recent calls to action urge sweeping reform in science education, advocating for improved learning for all students-including those majoring in fields beyond the sciences. However, little work has been done to characterize the differences-if any exist-between students planning a career in science and those studying other disciplines. We describe an attempt to clarify, in broad terms, how non-STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) majors differ from life sciences majors, and how they are similar...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797763/the-safety-pharmacology-society-salary-survey
#13
Michael K Pugsley, Simon Authier, Tiffini Brabham, Maxim Soloviev, Carrie G Markgraf, Krystle Correll, Martin Traebert, Andrea Greiter-Wilke, Jean-Pierre Valentin, Hugo Vargas, Alfred Botchway, Derek J Leishman, Michael J Curtis
INTRODUCTION: Safety pharmacology is a growing discipline with scientists broadly distributed across international geographical regions. This electronic salary survey is the first to be distributed amongst the entire Safety Pharmacology Society (SPS) membership. An electronic survey was sent to all members of the Society. Categorical survey questions assessed membership employment types, annual incomes, and professional certifications, along with other associated career attributes. METHODS: This survey was distributed to the SPS membership that is comprised of safety pharmacologists, toxicologists and pharmacologists working globally in the pharmaceutical industry, at contract research organizations (CRO), regulatory agencies, and academia or within the technology provider industry...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797518/telemedicine-in-the-treatment-of-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#14
Mariam Aguas, Javier Del Hoyo, Raquel Faubel, Bernardo Valdivieso, Pilar Nos
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic and relapsing disorder with significant medical, social and financial impacts. IBD patients require continuous follow-up, and healthcare resource use in this context increases over time. In the last decade, telemedicine has influenced the treatment of chronic diseases like IBD via the application of information and communication technologies to provide healthcare services remotely. Telemedicine and its various applications (telemanagement, teleconsulting and tele-education) enable closer follow-up and provide education resources that promote patient empowerment, encouraging treatment optimisation over the entire course of the disease...
August 7, 2017: Gastroenterología y Hepatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795594/the-battle-of-worldviews-a-case-study-of-liver-fluke-infection-in-khon-kaen-thailand
#15
Sara Samiphak, S Leonard Syme
Control efforts to reduce infection from the parasitic flatworm Opisthorchis viverrini have progressed through understanding the epidemiology of Opisthorchis viverrini, antiparasitic drug developments, technological innovations, health education promoting cooking of fish, and improved hygienic defecation. Yet the problem persists. The case study method was used to examine the fundamental cause of the liver fluke infection problem. Evidence shows that the liver fluke-infected population does not care about living a long life...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794667/mbarara-university-research-training-initiative-a-spin-off-of-the-medical-education-partnership-initiative-in-uganda
#16
Edith Wakida, Samuel Maling, Celestino Obua
Scientific productivity in Africa is insignificant compared to that in the rest of the world. This has been attributed to the fact that, in spite of academic qualifications, junior faculty, who form the majority of academics in low- and middle-income countries lack experience in research. This calls for a need to put in place programs that provide hands-on training in research so that junior faculty can conduct relevant research. The Mbarara University Research Training Initiative, a Fogarty International Center-funded program, is one such program that was developed to provide research capacity training for junior faculty at the Mbarara University of Science and Technology...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793101/complex-educational-and-care-geron-technology-for-elderly-individuals-families-experiencing-alzheimer-s-disease
#17
Silomar Ilha, Silvana Sidney Costa Santos, Dirce Stein Backes, Edaiane Joana Lima Barros, Marlene Teda Pelzer, Regina Gema Santini Costenaro
Objective: To describe the contributions of the Integrated Multidisciplinary Care Group for Caregivers of Individuals with Alzheimer's Disease as an educational and care (geron)technology in the context of Alzheimer's disease in elderly individuals from the perspective of family members/caregivers. Method: Exploratory, descriptive study with a qualitative approach conducted with 13 family members/caregivers of elderly people participating in the support group of a university institution of the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792821/negative-pressure-wound-therapy-and-nurse-education
#18
Amy Cray
BACKGROUND: there can be serious consequences for patients if negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) is performed incorrectly and patient safety must be paramount. The existing literature was found to mainly concentrate on the use of the technology from the patient perspective. This article examines the opinions of nurses who apply the therapy. METHOD: five staff nurses from different areas with differing experience levels were interviewed in a semi-structured manner...
August 10, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792300/an-exploration-of-experts-perceptions-on-the-use-of-interprofessional-education-to-support-collaborative-practice-in-the-care-of-community-living-older-adults
#19
Jenny Ploeg, Maureen Markle-Reid, Anita Fisher, Sue Bookey-Bassett, Tracey Chambers, Laurie Kennedy, Mona Morsy, Sinéad Dufour
Globally, as older adults are living longer and with more chronic conditions, there is a need to support their ability to age optimally in their homes and communities. Community-based interprofessional teams working closely with these older adults, their families, and informal caregivers will be instrumental in achieving this goal. Interprofessional education (IPE) is the means through which these teams can develop expertise in collaboratively working together with older adults. However, most IPE occurs in academic settings, and acute and long-term care sectors and little is known about IPE in the context of home and community care of older adults...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790966/randomized-controlled-study-of-a-remote-flipped-classroom-neuro-otology-curriculum
#20
Frederick Robert Carrick, Mahera Abdulrahman, Ahmed Hankir, Maksim Zayaruzny, Kinda Najem, Palita Lungchukiet, Roger A Edwards
CONTEXT: Medical Education can be delivered in the traditional classroom or via novel technology including an online classroom. OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that learning in an online classroom would result in similar outcomes as learning in the traditional classroom when using a flipped classroom pedagogy. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. A total of 274 subjects enrolled in a Neuro-otology training program for non-Neuro-otologists of 25 h held over a 3-day period...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
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