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Social determinants of health, nursing research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679403/nature-and-scope-of-certified-nurse-midwifery-practice-in-one-large-state-in-the-united-states
#1
Marie Hastings-Tolsma, Sarah Wilcox Foster, Mary C Brucker, Priscilla Nodine, Rebecca Burpo, Barbara Camune, Jackie Griggs, Tiffany J Callahan
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To describe the nature and scope of nurse-midwifery practice in Texas and to determine legislative priorities and practice barriers. BACKGROUND: Across the globe, midwives are the largest group of maternity care providers despite little known about midwifery practice. With a looming shortage of midwives, there is a pressing need to understand midwives' work environment and scope of practice. DESIGN: Mixed methods research utilizing prospective descriptive survey and interview...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658261/survivorship-care-preferences-a-pilot-study-of-young-adults-with-cancer
#2
Adrienne Viola, Hannah-Rose Mitchell, Andrew Salner, Eileen Gillan, Jaime Rotatori, Brenda Cartmel, Sheila Santacroce, Xiaomei Ma, Nina Kadan-Lottick
Background: Adolescents and young adults (AYAs) face increased risk for physical, social, and cognitive late complications of cancer therapy. Strategies are needed to better engage AYAs in survivorship research. Objectives: This study aimed to determine the feasibility of enrolling AYAs within six months of diagnosis to a survivorship study and assess their health concerns and survivorship care preferences. Methods: Patients aged 15–34 years who were diagnosed with leukemia, lymphoma, or sarcoma at three Connecticut hospitals from 2008–2011 were identified and recruited by mail...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650209/reducing-neglect-and-improving-social-support-for-older-people-following-a-self-help-group-in-the-poor-urban-community-of-jakarta-indonesia
#3
Junaiti Sahar, Ni Made Riasmini, Dwi Nurviyandari
Increasing age has an impact on the decline of organ function and results in increasing dependence on others, including family. Efforts must be made to increase older adult's' independence to help them overcome naturally occurring changes and health problems. This research aims to determine the effects of the self-help groups as nursing interventions using guidelines of selfhealth monitoring and management on the incidence of neglecting and the social support of older people. A quasi-experimental design was used on a total sample of 208 people, consisting of 103 in the intervention group and 105 in the control group...
February 2018: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571750/-presence-of-relatives-during-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-perspectives-of-health-professionals-patients-and-family-in-the-basque-country
#4
Verónica Tíscar-González, Denise Gastaldo, Maria Teresa Moreno-Casbas, Elizabeth Peter, Ascensión Rodriguez-Molinuevo, Montserrat Gea-Sánchez
OBJECTIVE: To determine the perception of nurses, doctors, patients and family or relatives being present during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in adult patients. DESIGN: A qualitative exploratory study and thematic analysis were developed. SITE: Primary Care, Hospital Care and Emergency Service of the Basque Health Service. PARTICIPANTS: The selection of the participants was made through intentional sampling. Four focus groups were developed: one of patients and family, 2 of nurses, and one of physicians...
March 20, 2018: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570796/do-beliefs-about-depression-etiologies-influence-the-type-and-severity-of-depression-stigma-the-case-of-arab-adolescents
#5
Latefa Ali Dardas, Susan G Silva, Jewel Scott, Kaboni Whitney Gondwe, Moria J Smoski, Devon Noonan, Leigh Ann Simmons
PURPOSE: Research has documented that holding certain etiological beliefs about depression can determine the level of stigma experienced by individuals with depression. To date, no studies have yet examined this relationship among adolescents. Using a sample of Arab adolescents, the purpose of this study was to describe adolescents' beliefs about the etiology of depression, and examine whether these beliefs influence the type and severity of depression stigma. METHODS: A nationwide school survey was conducted in a representative sample of Jordanian public and private schools located in Jordan, a Middle-Eastern Arab country...
March 23, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569423/the-roles-of-social-support-and-health-literacy-in-self-management-among-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#6
Yu-Chi Chen, Li-Chun Chang, Chieh-Yu Liu, Ya-Fang Ho, Shuo-Chun Weng, Tzu-I Tsai
AIMS: To investigate the relationships among social support, health literacy, and self-management, and the factors influencing self-management of chronic kidney disease (CKD). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: A random sample of 410 patients was recruited from nephrology clinics. Data were collected using structured questionnaires and chart reviews from January 2013 to February 2014. Hierarchical regression analysis was used to determine the predictive factors of self-management behaviors and ∆R2 to determine each variable's explanatory power...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527829/determination-of-nursing-students-attitudes-towards-the-use-of-technology
#7
Nurten Terkes, Ferya Celik, Hicran Bektas
AIM: The use of technology is increasingly important in nursing education and practice. For this reason, it is necessary to determine the attitudes of nursing students towards technology. METHODS: This study was conducted with 508 nursing students. A personal information form that was prepared by the researchers and the Attitudes Toward Technology Scale were used as the data collection tools. RESULTS: The mean score that was obtained by the nursing students from the Attitudes Toward Technology Scale was 61...
March 11, 2018: Japan Journal of Nursing Science: JJNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516554/cultural-competence-in-healthcare-in-the-community-a-concept-analysis
#8
Saras Henderson, Maria Horne, Ruth Hills, Elizabeth Kendall
This study aims to conduct a concept analysis on cultural competence in community healthcare. Clarification of the concept of cultural competence is needed to enable clarity in the definition and operation, research and theory development to assist healthcare providers to better understand this evolving concept. Rodgers' evolutionary concept analysis method was used to clarify the concept's context, surrogate terms, antecedents, attributes and consequences and to determine implications for further research...
March 7, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504018/determinants-of-course-grades-in-allied-health-sciences-programs
#9
Roy K Chen
Past research has shown that there is a pattern of systematic grade inflation in higher education in the U.S. As a result, it is difficult for prospective employers and graduate school admission directors to distinguish bright candidates when recruiting new graduates. The purpose of this study was two-fold: 1) to determine the grading patterns of four academic departments (i.e., rehabilitation services, communication science and disorders, social work, and nursing) in an allied health college at a large public university over time, and 2) to consider which instructor demographic factors and course characteristics might influence the grading patterns...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489635/culture-shifts-from-cultural-to-structural-theorizing-in-nursing
#10
Denise J Drevdahl
BACKGROUND: As a discipline, nursing emphasizes the importance of culture to care. Cultural competence is seen in nursing practice, education, and research as essential for addressing health disparities-particularly racial and ethnic disparities. There now is broad consensus that the causes for health disparities lie beyond the individual and are found in the structures of society. Current cultural competency theories and conceptual models, however, focus on the individual and do little to address the social/structural determinants of health...
March 2018: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488891/-restraints-in-greek-mental-health-services-ethics-practice-and-costs
#11
G Alevizopoulos, V Bozikas, C Touloumis
The use of physical and mechanical restraints in mental health services in Greece arise many ethical and practical issues. The justification of the use of such procedures is rather controversial and subjective to scientific debate. The practice of restraint puts both patients and staff at risk for injury and death. Moreover, restraints can be traumatic even when they do not result in any physical injury to the patient. The types of the physical adverse events include dehydration, suffocation, circulation disturbances, skin problems, loss of strength and mobility, incontinence, etc...
October 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475195/instant-messaging-and-nursing-students-clinical-learning-experience
#12
Christoph Pimmer, Florian Brühlmann, Titilayo Dorothy Odetola, Oluwafemi Dipeolu, Urs Gröhbiel, Ademola J Ajuwon
BACKGROUND: Although learning in clinical settings is a key element of nursing education, for many learners these are challenging developmental contexts often marked by isolation and a lack of belongingness. Despite the massive appropriation of mobile instant messaging (MIM) platforms and the connective properties attendant to them, very little is known about their role in and impact on nursing students' clinical learning experiences. APPROACH AND METHODS: To address this gap, the study, which was part of a multinational research project on the use of mobile social media in health professions education in developing countries, examined the use of the instant messaging platform WhatsApp by nursing students during placements and potential associations with socio-professional indicators...
February 10, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433468/suicide-and-deliberate-self-harm-in-pakistan-a-scoping-review
#13
Sualeha S Shekhani, Shagufta Perveen, Dur-E-Sameen Hashmi, Khawaja Akbar, Sara Bachani, Murad M Khan
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a major global public health problem with more than 800,000 incidents worldwide annually. Seventy-five percent of the global suicides occur in low and middle-income countries (LMICs). Pakistan is a LMIC where information on suicidal behavior is limited. The aim of the review is to map available literature on determinants, risk factors and other variables of suicidal behavior in Pakistan. METHOD: This study was based on Arksey and O'Malley's methodological framework of scoping review, combining peer reviewed publications with grey literature...
February 12, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391018/the-impact-of-nursing-students-on-the-health-related-quality-of-life-and-perceived-social-support-of-a-rural-population-in-ecuador-effects-of-a-service-based-learning-course
#14
Rebecca L Walcott, Angela M Murcia, Gloria M Berry, Christian F Juna, María Isabel Roldós, Phaedra S Corso
BACKGROUND: Students seeking degrees in healthcare in Ecuador participate in community improvement projects and provide free health services under the supervision of faculty health professionals. The aim of this study is to determine the impact of a community-based intervention delivered by nursing students on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and perceived social support of a rural population in Ecuador. METHODS: A quasi-experimental non-equivalent control group design study was conducted in two rural communities in Tumbaco, Ecuador...
February 2, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373163/social-determinants-of-lgbt-cancer-health-inequities
#15
REVIEW
Alicia K Matthews, Elizabeth Breen, Priyoth Kittiteerasack
OBJECTIVES: To describe the extant literature on social determinants of health as they relate to the cancer disparities and to highlight the research findings relating to lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) populations. DATA SOURCES: Published scientific literature and clinical literature, and published reports from the World Health Organization and US Department of Health and Human Services. CONCLUSION: The larger literature on health inequities is moving beyond individual-level predictors of risk to evaluate the influence of social determinants of health on the persistent health inequalities in a population...
February 2018: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370559/resilience-in-caregivers-of-partners-with-young-onset-dementia-a-concept-analysis
#16
Karie R Kobiske, Abir K Bekhet
INTRODUCTION: Over 200,000 Americans diagnosed with young onset dementia (YOD), dementia diagnosed prior to age 65, are cared for by family members. This can be costly to caregivers' physical and psychological health. Some adapt well to the caregiver role and are said to be resilient. Aim/Question: This paper builds on current understanding of the concept of resilience and applies this to caregivers of partners diagnosed with YOD. METHOD: Concept analysis. RESULTS: Resilient caregivers exhibit attributes including determination, flexibility, positive thinking, self-efficacy, resourcefulness, social support and spirituality...
January 25, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366557/-tacit-knowledge-characteristics-in-nursing-practice
#17
Natalia Pérez-Fuillerat, M Carmen Solano-Ruiz, Manuel Amezcua
INTRODUCTION: Tacit knowledge can be defined as knowledge which is used intuitively and unconsciously, which is acquired through one's experience, characterized by being personal and contextual. Some terms such as 'intuition', 'know how' and 'implicit knowledge' have been used to describe tacit knowledge. Different disciplines in the fields of management or health have studied tacit knowledge, identifying it as a powerful tool to create knowledge and clinical decision-making. The aim of this review is to analyse the definition and characteristics that make up tacit knowledge and determine the role it plays in the nursing discipline...
January 20, 2018: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353690/a-quantitative-longitudinal-study-to-explore-factors-which-influence-maternal-self-efficacy-among-chinese-primiparous-women-during-the-initial-postpartum-period
#18
Xujuan Zheng, Jane Morrell, Kim Watts
BACKGROUND: parenting during infancy is highly problematic for Chinese primiparous women. As an important determinant of good parenting, maternal self-efficacy (MSE) should be paid more attention by researchers. At present, the limitations of previous research about MSE during infancy are that the factors which influence MSE remained poorly explored, there were few studies with Chinese women, and the studies did not consider the effect of different cultures. OBJECTIVES: to explore factors which influence MSE in primiparous women in China in the first three months postnatally...
April 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334324/the-rite-of-passage-of-becoming-a-humanitarian-health-worker-experiences-of-retention-in-sweden
#19
Sara Albuquerque, Anneli Eriksson, Helle M Alvesson
BACKGROUND: Low retention of humanitarian workers poses constraints on humanitarian organisations' capacity to respond effectively to disasters. Research has focused on reasons for humanitarian workers leaving the sector, but little is known about the factors that can elucidate long-term commitment. OBJECTIVE: To understand what motivates and supports experienced humanitarian health workers to remain in the sector. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 experienced nurses who had been on at least three field missions with Médecins Sans Frontières Sweden...
2018: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324941/adolescent-health-promotion-based-on-community-centered-arts-education
#20
Anny Giselly Milhome da Costa Farre, Patrícia Neyva da Costa Pinheiro, Neiva Francenely Cunha Vieira, Fabiane do Amaral Gubert, Maria Dalva Dos Santos Alves, Estela Maria Leite Meirelles Monteiro
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the contribution of arts education to health promotion of adolescents in situations of urban social vulnerability. METHOD: Participatory evaluative research, with a qualitative approach, using as a reference the theoretical constructs of Paulo Freire's Conscientization and the Empowerment Evaluation as a method of collecting with adolescents and teachers of an arts education program in the field of the Family Health Strategy. RESULTS: Participants constructed a collective mission that represented the concept of adolescent health promotion...
January 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
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