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Social determinants of health, nursing research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900332/assessment-of-job-satisfaction-of-group-of-nurses-in-ava-salamat-entrepreneurs-institute-in-iran
#1
Mohammad Mirzabeigi, Ali Fardi, H Raza Yousofi, Mahdi Norouzian, Mahdi Pariav, Saeid Lak, Majid Radfard, Abbas Ebadi
Global Health systems encounter increasing challenges, spread of health needs and economic constraints. Approximately, nurses are the major part of human resources working in health systems in all countries. Job dissatisfaction is one of the effective factors in nursing career exit. This study has been accomplished with purpose of determining nurses' job satisfaction in Ava Salamat Entrepreneurs Institute. This cross-sectional and descriptive research was performed in 2017. A random group of 533 nurses contributed in the study...
June 2018: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29866648/health-literacy-and-cardiovascular-disease-fundamental-relevance-to-primary-and-secondary-prevention-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association
#2
REVIEW
Jared W Magnani, Mahasin S Mujahid, Herbert D Aronow, Crystal W Cené, Victoria Vaughan Dickson, Edward Havranek, Lewis B Morgenstern, Michael K Paasche-Orlow, Amy Pollak, Joshua Z Willey
Health literacy is the degree to which individuals are able to access and process basic health information and services and thereby participate in health-related decisions. Limited health literacy is highly prevalent in the United States and is strongly associated with patient morbidity, mortality, healthcare use, and costs. The objectives of this American Heart Association scientific statement are (1) to summarize the relevance of health literacy to cardiovascular health; (2) to present the adverse associations of health literacy with cardiovascular risk factors, conditions, and treatments; (3) to suggest strategies that address barriers imposed by limited health literacy on the management and prevention of cardiovascular disease; (4) to demonstrate the contributions of health literacy to health disparities, given its association with social determinants of health; and (5) to propose future directions for how health literacy can be integrated into the American Heart Association's mandate to advance cardiovascular treatment and research, thereby improving patient care and public health...
June 4, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788908/perceptions-of-insulin-use-in-type-2-diabetes-in-primary-care-a-thematic-synthesis
#3
Kathy Ellis, Henrietta Mulnier, Angus Forbes
BACKGROUND: Increasing numbers of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus are progressing to insulin therapy, and despite its potency many such individuals still have suboptimal glycaemic control. Insulin initiation and intensification is now often conducted by Practice Nurses and General Practitioners in many parts of the UK. Therefore, gaining insight into perspectives of patients and primary care clinicians is important in determining self-management and engagement with insulin. A thematic synthesis of studies was conducted exploring the views and experiences of people with type 2 diabetes and of healthcare professionals on insulin use and management in the context of primary care...
May 22, 2018: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787686/social-support-for-breastfeeding-in-the-era-of-mhealth-a-content-analysis
#4
Jennifer M Schindler-Ruwisch, Amira Roess, Rebecca C Robert, Melissa A Napolitano, Shawn Chiang
BACKGROUND: Several barriers to successful breastfeeding exist, including a lack of support from peers or professionals. With the emergence of mobile health (mHealth) tools to provide additional breastfeeding support, a more thorough review of social support resources was needed. Research Aim: The aim of this study was to determine mHealth breastfeeding support resources and characterize the type of social support they provide. METHODS: A content analysis of mHealth programs ( n = 65), including text messaging ( n = 12) and mobile applications ( n = 53), was conducted on the basis of searches of the iTunes and Google Play stores ( n = 50) and PubMed, the Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health, and American Business Information/INFORM Complete Plus ( n = 15)...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772447/one-to-one-specialling-and-sitters-in-acute-care-hospitals-a-scoping-review
#5
REVIEW
Victoria J Wood, Cecilia Vindrola-Padros, Nick Swart, Michelle McIntosh, Sonya Crowe, Stephen Morris, Naomi J Fulop
BACKGROUND: One to one specialling is a type of care which is provided to ensure the safety of patients who may be suffering from cognitive impairment, exhibit challenging behaviour, or may be at risk of falls or of causing harm to themselves or others. Care such as this, often referred to as 'specialling' or 'sitting' is common practice in most hospitals around the world, but there is a lack of evidence regarding its cost effectiveness and the quality of care provided. AIM: The aim of this scoping review was to explore the breadth and scope of literature on one to one specialling, sitters and similar types of care in acute secondary care settings, in order to identify the challenges and concerns relating to the quality of care (process and outcomes) and cost effectiveness emerging from the literature, and determine the implications of this for policy, practice and future research...
April 30, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755048/school-based-interprofessional-asthma-self-management-education-program-for-middle-school-students-a-feasibility-trial
#6
Ellen B Buckner, Donna J Copeland, Kristina S Miller, Timothy Op Holt
BACKGROUND: Asthma is the most common chronic disease among school-aged children under 18 years of age and is a major cause of morbidity, loss of school days, and increased hospitalizations. Asthma disproportionately affects low-income, minority youth in Alabama. The benefits of improving asthma control and self-management have significance for improving health, preventing disease, and reducing health disparities by addressing social, behavioral, environmental, economic, and medical determinants of health...
2018: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747786/knowledge-and-practices-of-nurses-on-deep-vein-thrombosis-risks-and-prophylaxis-a-descriptive-cross-sectional-study
#7
Khalid Anwer Al-Mugheed, Nurhan Bayraktar
The aim of the present study was to determine the knowledge and practices of deep vein thrombosis risks and prophylaxis among nurses and to investigate the relation between descriptive characteristics and knowledge and practices of nurses. This descriptive study was conducted with the registered nurses who currently work in a university hospital of Northern Cyprus. Total 165 voluntary nurses composed the sample of the study. A questionnaire prepared by the researchers on the basis of the literature was used as the data collection tool in this study...
June 2018: Journal of Vascular Nursing: Official Publication of the Society for Peripheral Vascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698329/trends-in-health-disparities-health-inequity-and-social-determinants-of-health-research-a-17-year-analysis-of-ninr-nci-nhlbi-and-nimhd-funding
#8
Shawn M Kneipp, Todd A Schwartz, Denise J Drevdahl, Mary K Canales, Sheila Santacroce, Hudson P Santos, Ruth Anderson
BACKGROUND: The theoretical landscape of health disparities research now emphasizes health inequities and the role that social determinants of health (SDOH) play in creating and perpetuating them. Whether National Institutes of Health (NIH) funding patterns reflect this theoretical shift is unknown. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the National Institute of Nursing Research's (NINR) funding for research focused on health disparities, health inequities, and SDOH, relative to other key NIH institutes...
May 2018: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697521/an-integrative-review-of-nurse-authored-research-to-improve-health-equity-and-human-rights-for-criminal-justice-involved-people
#9
Lorie S Goshin, Alison M Colbert, John F Carey
BACKGROUND: An estimated 10 million people are incarcerated internationally, including 2.1 million people in the United States. Criminal justice involvement is a social determinant of individual and family health disparities. Health care in correctional and forensic psychiatric facilities is nurse driven. The unique contributions of nurse authors to the research literature on health equity and humane conditions for this population have not been aggregated, nor have the nursing research gaps in this area been systematically identified...
April 2018: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679403/nature-and-scope-of-certified-nurse-midwifery-practice-in-one-large-state-in-the-united-states
#10
Marie Hastings-Tolsma, Sarah Wilcox Foster, Mary C Brucker, Priscilla Nodine, Rebecca Burpo, Barbara Camune, Jackie Griggs, Tiffany J Callahan
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To describe the nature and scope of nurse-midwifery practice in Texas and to determine legislative priorities and practice barriers. BACKGROUND: Across the globe, midwives are the largest group of maternity care providers despite little known about midwifery practice. With a looming shortage of midwives, there is a pressing need to understand midwives' work environment and scope of practice. DESIGN: Mixed methods research utilizing prospective descriptive survey and interview...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658261/survivorship-care-preferences-a-pilot-study-of-young-adults-with-cancer
#11
Adrienne Viola, Hannah-Rose Mitchell, Andrew Salner, Eileen Gillan, Jaime Rotatori, Brenda Cartmel, Sheila Santacroce, Xiaomei Ma, Nina Kadan-Lottick
Background: Adolescents and young adults (AYAs) face increased risk for physical, social, and cognitive late complications of cancer therapy. Strategies are needed to better engage AYAs in survivorship research. Objectives: This study aimed to determine the feasibility of enrolling AYAs within six months of diagnosis to a survivorship study and assess their health concerns and survivorship care preferences. Methods: Patients aged 15–34 years who were diagnosed with leukemia, lymphoma, or sarcoma at three Connecticut hospitals from 2008–2011 were identified and recruited by mail...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650209/reducing-neglect-and-improving-social-support-for-older-people-following-a-self-help-group-in-the-poor-urban-community-of-jakarta-indonesia
#12
Junaiti Sahar, Ni Made Riasmini, Dwi Nurviyandari
Increasing age has an impact on the decline of organ function and results in increasing dependence on others, including family. Efforts must be made to increase older adult's' independence to help them overcome naturally occurring changes and health problems. This research aims to determine the effects of the self-help groups as nursing interventions using guidelines of selfhealth monitoring and management on the incidence of neglecting and the social support of older people. A quasi-experimental design was used on a total sample of 208 people, consisting of 103 in the intervention group and 105 in the control group...
February 2018: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571750/-presence-of-relatives-during-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-perspectives-of-health-professionals-patients-and-family-in-the-basque-country
#13
Verónica Tíscar-González, Denise Gastaldo, Maria Teresa Moreno-Casbas, Elizabeth Peter, Ascensión Rodriguez-Molinuevo, Montserrat Gea-Sánchez
OBJECTIVE: To determine the perception of nurses, doctors, patients and family or relatives being present during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in adult patients. DESIGN: A qualitative exploratory study and thematic analysis were developed. SITE: Primary Care, Hospital Care and Emergency Service of the Basque Health Service. PARTICIPANTS: The selection of the participants was made through intentional sampling. Four focus groups were developed: one of patients and family, 2 of nurses, and one of physicians...
March 20, 2018: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570796/do-beliefs-about-depression-etiologies-influence-the-type-and-severity-of-depression-stigma-the-case-of-arab-adolescents
#14
Latefa Ali Dardas, Susan G Silva, Jewel Scott, Kaboni Whitney Gondwe, Moria J Smoski, Devon Noonan, Leigh Ann Simmons
PURPOSE: Research has documented that holding certain etiological beliefs about depression can determine the level of stigma experienced by individuals with depression. To date, no studies have yet examined this relationship among adolescents. Using a sample of Arab adolescents, the purpose of this study was to describe adolescents' beliefs about the etiology of depression, and examine whether these beliefs influence the type and severity of depression stigma. METHODS: A nationwide school survey was conducted in a representative sample of Jordanian public and private schools located in Jordan, a Middle-Eastern Arab country...
March 23, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569423/the-roles-of-social-support-and-health-literacy-in-self-management-among-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#15
Yu-Chi Chen, Li-Chun Chang, Chieh-Yu Liu, Ya-Fang Ho, Shuo-Chun Weng, Tzu-I Tsai
AIMS: To investigate the relationships among social support, health literacy, and self-management, and the factors influencing self-management of chronic kidney disease (CKD). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: A random sample of 410 patients was recruited from nephrology clinics. Data were collected using structured questionnaires and chart reviews from January 2013 to February 2014. Hierarchical regression analysis was used to determine the predictive factors of self-management behaviors and ∆R2 to determine each variable's explanatory power...
May 2018: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527829/determination-of-nursing-students-attitudes-towards-the-use-of-technology
#16
Nurten Terkes, Ferya Celik, Hicran Bektas
AIM: The use of technology is increasingly important in nursing education and practice. For this reason, it is necessary to determine the attitudes of nursing students towards technology. METHODS: This study was conducted with 508 nursing students. A personal information form that was prepared by the researchers and the Attitudes Toward Technology Scale were used as the data collection tools. RESULTS: The mean score that was obtained by the nursing students from the Attitudes Toward Technology Scale was 61...
March 11, 2018: Japan Journal of Nursing Science: JJNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516554/cultural-competence-in-healthcare-in-the-community-a-concept-analysis
#17
Saras Henderson, Maria Horne, Ruth Hills, Elizabeth Kendall
This study aims to conduct a concept analysis on cultural competence in community healthcare. Clarification of the concept of cultural competence is needed to enable clarity in the definition and operation, research and theory development to assist healthcare providers to better understand this evolving concept. Rodgers' evolutionary concept analysis method was used to clarify the concept's context, surrogate terms, antecedents, attributes and consequences and to determine implications for further research...
March 7, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504018/determinants-of-course-grades-in-allied-health-sciences-programs
#18
Roy K Chen
Past research has shown that there is a pattern of systematic grade inflation in higher education in the U.S. As a result, it is difficult for prospective employers and graduate school admission directors to distinguish bright candidates when recruiting new graduates. The purpose of this study was two-fold: 1) to determine the grading patterns of four academic departments (i.e., rehabilitation services, communication science and disorders, social work, and nursing) in an allied health college at a large public university over time, and 2) to consider which instructor demographic factors and course characteristics might influence the grading patterns...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489635/culture-shifts-from-cultural-to-structural-theorizing-in-nursing
#19
Denise J Drevdahl
BACKGROUND: As a discipline, nursing emphasizes the importance of culture to care. Cultural competence is seen in nursing practice, education, and research as essential for addressing health disparities-particularly racial and ethnic disparities. There now is broad consensus that the causes for health disparities lie beyond the individual and are found in the structures of society. Current cultural competency theories and conceptual models, however, focus on the individual and do little to address the social/structural determinants of health...
March 2018: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488891/-restraints-in-greek-mental-health-services-ethics-practice-and-costs
#20
G Alevizopoulos, V Bozikas, C Touloumis
The use of physical and mechanical restraints in mental health services in Greece arise many ethical and practical issues. The justification of the use of such procedures is rather controversial and subjective to scientific debate. The practice of restraint puts both patients and staff at risk for injury and death. Moreover, restraints can be traumatic even when they do not result in any physical injury to the patient. The types of the physical adverse events include dehydration, suffocation, circulation disturbances, skin problems, loss of strength and mobility, incontinence, etc...
October 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
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