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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733394/genetic-interaction-mapping-in-schizosaccharomyces-pombe-using-the-pombe-epistasis-mapper-pem-system-and-a-rotor-hda-colony-replicating-robot-in-a-1536-array-format
#1
Assen Roguev, Jiewei Xu, Nevan Krogan
This protocol describes an optimized high-throughput procedure for generating double deletion mutants in Schizosaccharomyces pombe using the colony replicating robot ROTOR HDA and the PEM (pombe epistasis mapper) system. The method is based on generating high-density colony arrays (1536 colonies per agar plate) and passaging them through a series of antidiploid and mating-type selection (ADS-MTS) and double-mutant selection (DMS) steps. Detailed program parameters for each individual replication step are provided...
July 21, 2017: Cold Spring Harbor Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733070/spatial-relationship-of-sites-for-atrial-fibrillation-drivers-and-atrial-tachycardia-in-patients-with-both-arrhythmias
#2
Tina Baykaner, Junaid A B Zaman, Albert J Rogers, Rachita Navara, Mahmood AlHusseini, Ryan T Borne, Shirley Park, Paul J Wang, David E Krummen, William H Sauer, Sanjiv M Narayan
INTRODUCTION: Atrial fibrillation (AF) often converts to and from atrial tachycardia (AT), but it is undefined if these rhythms are mechanistically related in such patients. We tested the hypothesis that critical sites for AT may be related to regional AF sources in patients with both rhythms, by mapping their locations and response to ablation on transitions to and from AF. METHODS: From 219 patients undergoing spatial mapping of AF prior to ablation at 3 centers, we enrolled 26 patients in whom AF converted to AT by ablation (n=19) or spontaneously (n=7; left atrial size 42±6cm, 38% persistent AF)...
July 14, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731628/aerial-release-of-rhinoncomimus-latipes-coleoptera-curculionidae-to-control-persicaria-perfoliata-polygonaceae-using-an-unmanned-aerial-system
#3
Yong-Lak Park, Srikanth Gururajan, Harold Thistle, Rakesh Chandran, Richard Reardon
BACKGROUND: Rhinoncomimus latipes (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) is a major biological control agent against the invasive plant, Persicaria perfoliata. Release of R. latipes is challenging with the current visit-and-hand release approach because P. perfoliata shows a high degree of patchiness in the landscape, possesses recurved barbs on its stems, and often spreads into hard-to-access areas. This 3-year study developed and evaluated unmanned aerial systems (UAS) for precise aerial release and survivorship of R...
July 21, 2017: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729643/superhydrophobic-drag-reduction-spherical-bearing-fabricated-by-laser-ablation-and-pei-regulated-zno-nanowire-growth
#4
Rui Weng, Haifeng Zhang, Yanjing Tuo, Yang Wang, Xiaowei Liu
The resistance of the bearing is a significant factor affecting the performance of the ball-disk rotor gyroscope. The micro and nano combined surface with low surface energy material modifications can be hydrophobic. This can reduce the drag when the bearing is lubricated by deionized water. Laser ablation method is utilized to form micron-scaled structures on the surface of the stainless steel rotor ball. And the nanostructures are formed by PEI (Polyetherimide) regulated ZnO nanowires growth. After low surface energy material modification, the water contact angle of processed surface was 163° and the sliding angle was less than 4°...
July 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727199/can-the-electrocardiogram-distinguish-foci-from-rotors-during-ventricular-fibrillation
#5
EDITORIAL
Bradley J Roth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 20, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726754/identification-of-load-categories-in-rotor-system-based-on-vibration-analysis
#6
Kun Zhang, Zhaojian Yang
Rotating machinery is often subjected to variable loads during operation. Thus, monitoring and identifying different load types is important. Here, five typical load types have been qualitatively studied for a rotor system. A novel load category identification method for rotor system based on vibration signals is proposed. This method is a combination of ensemble empirical mode decomposition (EEMD), energy feature extraction, and back propagation (BP) neural network. A dedicated load identification test bench for rotor system was developed...
July 20, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722041/ultrafast-dynamics-and-solvent-dependent-deactivation-kinetics-of-bodipy-molecular-rotors
#7
Tomislav Suhina, Saeed Amirjalayer, Sander Woutersen, Daniel Bonn, Albert M Brouwer
Molecular rotors based on meso-substituted boron-dipyrromethane (BODIPY) are widely recognized fluorescent viscosity sensors. The viscosity dependence of their fluorescence arises from an efficient excited-state deactivation process that can only occur when molecular-scale motion is not hindered. Here, we use visible and IR pump-probe spectroscopies combined with TD-DFT calculations to show that this fluorescence deactivation takes place through a fast and irreversible process which does not involve intermediate electronic states...
July 19, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718516/control-of-the-fluid-viscosity-in-a-mock-circulation
#8
Stefan Boës, Gregor Ochsner, Raffael Amacher, Anastasios Petrou, Mirko Meboldt, Marianne Schmid Daners
A mock circulation allows the in vitro investigation, development, and testing of ventricular assist devices. An aqueous-glycerol solution is commonly used to mimic the viscosity of blood. Due to evaporation and temperature changes, the viscosity of the solution drifts from its initial value and therefore, deviates substantially from the targeted viscosity of blood. Additionally, the solution needs to be exchanged to account for changing viscosities when mimicking different hematocrits. This article presents a method to control the viscosity in a mock circulation...
July 17, 2017: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718466/exploring-viscosity-polarity-and-temperature-sensitivity-of-bodipy-based-molecular-rotors
#9
Aurimas Vyšniauskas, Ismael López-Duarte, Nicolas Duchemin, Thanh-Truc Vu, Yilei Wu, Ekaterina M Budynina, Yulia A Volkova, Eduardo Peña Cabrera, Diana E Ramírez-Ornelas, Marina K Kuimova
Microviscosity is a key parameter controlling the rate of diffusion and reactions on the microscale. One of the most convenient tools for measuring microviscosity is by fluorescent viscosity sensors termed 'molecular rotors'. BODIPY-based molecular rotors in particular proved extremely useful in combination with fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy, for providing quantitative viscosity maps of living cells as well as measuring dynamic changes in viscosity over time. In this work, we investigate several new BODIPY-based molecular rotors with the aim of improving on the current viscosity sensing capabilities and understanding how the structure of the fluorophore is related to its function...
July 18, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717192/torque-but-not-flil-regulates-mechanosensitive-flagellar-motor-function
#10
Ravi Chawla, Katie M Ford, Pushkar P Lele
The stator-complex in the bacterial flagellar motor is responsible for surface-sensing. It remodels in response to perturbations in viscous loads, recruiting additional stator-units as the load increases. Here, we tested a hypothesis that the amount of torque generated by each stator-unit modulates its association with the rotor. To do this, we measured stator-binding to the rotor in mutants in which motors reportedly develop lower torque compared to wildtype motors. First, we employed a strain lacking fliL...
July 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714756/study-of-the-influence-of-coating-methods-on-lipid-spheres-manufactured-on-rotor-fluidized-bed-process
#11
Pascale Gauthier, Jean-Michel Cardot, Erick Beyssac, Jean-Marc Aiache
Different previous works have shown that various kinds of spheres can be manufactured by rotor granulation in a 'single pot process' using a lipid base: Hydrogenated Castor Oil. This single pot technology is based on wet granulation where all components are placed in powder form in the rotor bowl; then, they are continuously suspended in a fluidized air, with a tangentially sprayed liquid solution. This process allows the granulation and sphere manufacture during the same time. Previous experiments have studied the influence of the formulation and the manufacturing process parameters on spheres in term of feasibility and dissolution properties...
July 17, 2017: Pharmaceutical Development and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712487/real-time-pi-backstepping-induction-machine-drive-with-efficiency-optimization
#12
Fethi Farhani, Chiheb Ben Regaya, Abderrahmen Zaafouri, Abdelkader Chaari
This paper describes a robust and efficient speed control of a three phase induction machine (IM) subjected to load disturbances. First, a Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) PI-Backstepping controller is proposed for a robust and highly accurate tracking of the mechanical speed and rotor flux. Asymptotic stability of the control scheme is proven by Lyapunov Stability Theory. Second, an active online optimization algorithm is used to optimize the efficiency of the drive system. The efficiency improvement approach consists of adjusting the rotor flux with respect to the load torque in order to minimize total losses in the IM...
July 13, 2017: ISA Transactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709328/autonomous-rotor-heat-engine
#13
Alexandre Roulet, Stefan Nimmrichter, Juan Miguel Arrazola, Stella Seah, Valerio Scarani
The triumph of heat engines is their ability to convert the disordered energy of thermal sources into useful mechanical motion. In recent years, much effort has been devoted to generalizing thermodynamic notions to the quantum regime, partly motivated by the promise of surpassing classical heat engines. Here, we instead adopt a bottom-up approach: we propose a realistic autonomous heat engine that can serve as a test bed for quantum effects in the context of thermodynamics. Our model draws inspiration from actual piston engines and is built from closed-system Hamiltonians and weak bath coupling terms...
June 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709182/performance-optimization-in-two-dimensional-brownian-rotary-ratchet-models
#14
Hiroki Tutu, Katsuya Ouchi, Takehiko Horita
With a model for two-dimensional (2D) Brownian rotary ratchets being capable of producing a net torque under athermal random forces, its optimization for mean angular momentum (L), mean angular velocity (ω), and efficiency (η) is considered. In the model, supposing that such a small ratchet system is placed in a thermal bath, the motion of the rotor in the stator is described by the Langevin dynamics of a particle in a 2D ratchet potential, which consists of a static and a time-dependent interaction between rotor and stator; for the latter, we examine a force [randomly directed dc field (RDDF)] for which only the direction is instantaneously updated in a sequence of events in a Poisson process...
June 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708395/dynamic-nuclear-polarization-of-long-lived-nuclear-spin-states-in-methyl-groups
#15
Jean-Nicolas Dumez, Basile Vuichoud, Daniele Mammoli, Aurélien Bornet, Arthur C Pinon, Gabriele Stevanato, Benno Meier, Geoffrey Bodenhausen, Sami Jannin, Malcolm H Levitt
We have induced hyperpolarized long-lived states in compounds containing 13C-bearing methyl groups by dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) at cryogenic temperatures, followed by dissolution with a warm solvent. The hyperpolarized methyl long-lived states give rise to enhanced antiphase 13C NMR signals in solution, which often persist for times much longer than the 13C and 1H spin-lattice relaxation times under the same conditions. The DNP-induced effects are similar to quantum-rotor-induced-polarization (QRIP), but are observed in a wider range of compounds, since they do not depend critically on the height of the rotational barrier...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706272/modeling-atrial-fibrillation-using-human-embryonic-stem-cell-derived-atrial-tissue
#16
Zachary Laksman, Marianne Wauchop, Eric Lin, Stephanie Protze, Jeehoon Lee, Wallace Yang, Farzad Izaddoustdar, Sanam Shafaattalab, Lior Gepstein, Glen F Tibbits, Gordon Keller, Peter H Backx
Since current experimental models of Atrial Fibrillation (AF) have significant limitations, we used human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) to generate an atrial-specific tissue model of AF for pharmacologic testing. We generated atrial-like cardiomyocytes (CMs) from hESCs which preferentially expressed atrial-specific genes, and had shorter action potential (AP) durations compared to ventricular-like CMs. We then generated confluent atrial-like CM sheets and interrogated them using optical mapping techniques. Atrial-like CM sheets (~1 cm in diameter) showed uniform AP propagation, and rapid re-entrant rotor patterns, as seen in AF could be induced...
July 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704806/a-molecular-rotor-based-ratiometric-sensor-for-basic-amino-acids
#17
Aafrin M Pettiwala, Prabhat K Singh
The inevitable importance of basic amino acids, arginine and lysine, in human health and metabolism demands construction of efficient sensor systems for them. However, there are only limited reports on the 'ratiometric' detection of basic amino acids which is further restricted by the use of chemically complex sensor molecules, which impedes their prospect for practical applications. Herein, we report a ratiometric sensor system build on simple mechanism of disassociation of novel emissive Thioflavin-T H-aggregates from heparin surface, when subjected to interaction with basic amino acids...
June 29, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703280/the-oregonheart-total-artificial-heart-design-and-performance-on-a-mock-circulatory-loop
#18
Jeremy Glynn, Howard Song, Bryan Hull, Stanley Withers, Jill Gelow, James Mudd, Albert Starr, Richard Wampler
Widespread use of heart transplantation is limited by the scarcity of donor organs. Total artificial heart (TAH) development has been pursued to address this shortage, especially to treat patients who require biventricular support. We have developed a novel TAH that utilizes a continuously spinning rotor that shuttles between two positions to provide pulsatile, alternating blood flow to the systemic and pulmonary circulations without artificial valves. Flow rates and pressures generated by the TAH are controlled by adjusting rotor speed, cycle frequency, and the proportion of each cycle spent pumping to either circulation...
July 13, 2017: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702613/four-component-zinc-porphyrin-zinc-salphen-nanorotor
#19
Merve S Özer, Anup Rana, Pronay K Biswas, Michael Schmittel
An off-axis supramolecular rotor was composed of four components: a zinc-porphyrin based stator with four phenanthroline stations and a zinc-salphen based rotator were self-assembled with DABCO and four copper(i) ions to furnish the rotor ROT-2 in quantitative yield. The DABCO serves as a connecting axle between the rotator and the stator, while the rotator is additionally connected to two copper(i)-loaded phenanthroline stations of the stator via its two pyridine terminals (Npy → [Cu(phen)](+)). For the thermally activated rotation both Npy → [Cu(phen)](+) interactions have to be cleaved...
July 12, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697936/radiofrequency-catheter-ablation-for-atrial-fibrillation-approaches-and-outcomes
#20
REVIEW
Manish Kalla, Prashanthan Sanders, Jonathan M Kalman, Geoffrey Lee
Catheter ablation is now at the forefront of the management of symptomatic atrial fibrillation (AF). Its role in paroxysmal AF is well defined with considerable data supporting its role. Catheter ablation in persistent AF has been less effective and the subject of considerable debate. Mechanistic studies have demonstrated the critical role of pulmonary vein physiology in paroxysmal AF, whereas the mechanisms that sustain persistent AF are not well understood. Additional substrate ablation in persistent AF has not improved long-term outcomes and the use of novel mapping technologies to assess rotor activity remains controversial...
June 13, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
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