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journal of paediatric surgery

Jose A Lopez-Escamez, Raquel Manrique-Huarte, Eduardo Martin-Sanz, Gabriel Trinidad
INTRODUCTION: Publishing in scientific journals is an indicator of hospital quality and has become a standard of excellence for medical doctors and institutions. The aim of the study is to identify the scientific publications performed by Otolaryngology Departments in Spain within the period 2011-2015 and to compare them to a previous period between 1998-2002. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Original papers published by Otolaryngology Departments in Spain in PubMed within 2011-2015 were retrieved...
March 17, 2018: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
Richard A Jonas
In the opening plenary address of the 2017 7th World Congress of Pediatric Cardiology and Cardiac Surgery the author, who represented the World Society for Pediatric and Congenital Heart Surgery at the Congress and is currently the Society's president, described the history of the formation of the World Society. He listed accomplishments of the World Society including publication of the only journal devoted to congenital cardiac surgery, development of a global database, and convening several international conferences dating back to the inaugural conference in Washington, DC in 2007...
December 2017: Cardiology in the Young
Edward Fisher, Robin Youngs, Musheer Hussain, Jonathan Fishman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
Laura Cornelissen, Carolina Donado, Johanna M Lee, Norah E Liang, Ian Mills, Andrea Tou, Aykut Bilge, Charles B Berde
BACKGROUND: Few studies have systematically described relationships between clinical-behavioural signs, electroencephalographic (EEG) patterns and age during emergence from anaesthesia in young children. OBJECTIVE: To identify the relationships between end-tidal sevoflurane (ETsevoflurane) concentration, age and frontal EEG spectral properties in predicting recovery of clinical-behavioural signs during emergence from sevoflurane in children 0 to 3 years of age, with and without exposure to nitrous oxide...
November 8, 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
Charlotte L Williams, Susie Weller, Lisa Roberts, Isabel Reading, Andrew Cook, Louisa Little, Wendy Wood, Louise Stanton, Andreas Roposch, Nicholas Mp Clarke
BACKGROUND: Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is a very common congenital disorder, and late-presenting cases often require surgical treatment. Surgical reduction of the hip may be complicated by avascular necrosis (AVN), which occurs as a result of interruption to the femoral head blood supply during treatment and can result in long-term problems. Some surgeons delay surgical treatment until the ossific nucleus (ON) has developed, whereas others believe that the earlier the reduction is performed, the better the result...
October 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
Ona McCarthy, Baptiste Leurent, Phil Edwards, Ravshan Tokhirov, Caroline Free
INTRODUCTION: Women in lower income countries experience unintended pregnancies at a higher rate compared with women in higher income countries. Unintended pregnancy is associated with numerous poorer health outcomes for both women and their children. In Tajikistan, an estimated 26% of married individuals aged 15-24 years have an unmet need for contraception. The strong cultural value placed on childbearing and oppositional attitudes towards contraception are major barriers to contraceptive uptake in the country...
September 21, 2017: BMJ Open
Paul Stephen Cullis, Katrin Gudlaugsdottir, James Andrews
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to evaluate quality of conduct and reporting of published systematic reviews and meta-analyses in paediatric surgery. We also aimed to identify characteristics predictive of review quality. BACKGROUND: Systematic reviews summarise evidence by combining sources, but are potentially prone to bias. To counter this, the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) was published to aid in reporting. Similarly, the Assessing the Methodological Quality of Systematic Reviews (AMSTAR) measurement tool was designed to appraise methodology...
2017: PloS One
Fiona J Rowe, Carmel P Noonan
BACKGROUND: The use of botulinum toxin as an investigative and treatment modality for strabismus is well reported in the medical literature. However, it is unclear how effective it is in comparison to other treatment options for strabismus. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to examine the efficacy of botulinum toxin therapy in the treatment of strabismus compared with alternative conservative or surgical treatment options. This review sought to ascertain those types of strabismus that particularly benefit from the use of botulinum toxin as a treatment option (such as small angle strabismus or strabismus with binocular potential, i...
March 2, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
I J Diets, I D Nagtegaal, J Loeffen, I de Blaauw, E Waanders, N Hoogerbrugge, M C J Jongmans
BACKGROUND: Neuroendocrine tumours (NETs) are rare in children and limited data are available. We aimed to specify tumour and patient characteristics and to investigate the role of genetic predisposition in the aetiology of paediatric NETs. METHODS: Using the Dutch Pathology Registry PALGA, we collected patient- and tumour data of paediatric NETs in the Netherlands between 1991 and 2013 (N=483). RESULTS: The incidence of paediatric NETs in the Netherlands is 5...
January 17, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
M Constantine Samaan, Paul Missiuna, Devin Peterson, Lehana Thabane
INTRODUCTION: Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) affects up to 3% of children around the world. There is limited knowledge of AIS aetiopathogenesis, and this evidence is needed to develop new management strategies. Paraspinal muscle in AIS demonstrates evidence of differential fibrosis based on curve sidedness. Fibrosis is the hallmark of macrophage-driven inflammation and tissue remodelling, yet the mechanisms of fibrosis in paraspinal muscle in AIS are poorly understood. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this study is to determine the influence of curve sidedness on paraspinal muscle inflammation...
July 8, 2016: BMJ Open
Scott Koski, Robin L Gabriels, Carol Beresford
AIMS: To survey perioperative management practices for paediatric patients diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHODS: A systematic review was carried out of empirical studies and case reports published in peer-reviewed journals of current best practices and behavioural interventions for paediatric patients with ASD who had undergone surgery. RESULTS: The final sample included 11 articles published between 1997 and 2016 that met broad inclusion criteria of surveying perioperative interventions for the ASD population...
December 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
(no author information available yet)
In the article, "Wilms’ tumour in African children: Can an institutional approach improve outcome?" which appeared in page 7, Vol. 12, Jan-Mar 2015 issue of African Journal of Paediatric Surgery, name of the author Lofty- John Chukwuemeka Anyanwu incorrectly appeared as Lofty-John Chukwuemeka Anyanwa. The article has since been corrected and reposted online.
April 2015: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
Nigel Tapiwa Mabvuure, Stefan Klimach, Mark Eisner, Jeremy Neil Rodrigues
INTRODUCTION: IJS launched best evidence topic reviews (BETs) in 2011, when the guidelines for conducting and reporting these reviews were published in the journal. AIMS: (1) Audit the adherence of all published BETs in IJS to these guidelines. (2) Assess the reach and impact of BETs published in IJS. METHODS: BETs published between 2011 and February 2014 were identified from Standards audited included: completeness of description of study attrition, and independent verification of searches...
May 2015: International Journal of Surgery
Jeffrey P Jacobs
Cardiology in the Young is devoted to cardiovascular issues affecting the young, and older patients with congenital heart disease, or with other cardiac diseases acquired during childhood. The journal serves the interests of all professionals concerned with these topics. By design, the journal is international and multidisciplinary in its approach, and members of the editorial board take an active role in its mission, helping to make it an indispensable reference for paediatric and congenital cardiac care. All aspects of paediatric and congenital cardiac care are covered within the journal...
December 2014: Cardiology in the Young
Spencer W Beasley
The modern paediatric surgeon needs to be competent in multiple domains that extend well beyond their clinical and technical expertise. This article, based on the Journal of Pediatric Surgery Lecture at the BAPS Congress (2014), explores some of these less well understood responsibilities and obligations, including professionalism, leadership, effective clinical teaching, and research. The consequence of falling short in these areas includes risks to our profession as a whole as well as compromising our ability to provide our patients with the best clinical care...
February 2015: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Jamshed Akhtar, Bilal Mirza
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2015: APSP Journal of Case Reports
Craig A McBride, Andrew J A Holland
In the 50 years since the first edition of this journal, operative paediatric surgery has undergone radical change. Many of the most common instruments are unchanged, both as a testament to their utility and in recognition of past surgeons remembered eponymously. Surrounding that basic core of instruments, theatre has changed radically as new tools and techniques have arisen. Surgeons have come down from their pedestals, recognising surgery as a team sport rather than a solo performance. More than half of the current paediatric surgical trainees are women, a higher proportion than in any other craft group of the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons...
January 2015: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Imran Haruna Abdulkareem
The concept of surgical waiting time initiative (SWAT) was introduced in developed countries to reduce elective surgery waiting lists and increase efficiency of care. It was supplemented by increasing popularity of day surgery, which shortens elective waiting lists and minimises cancellations. It is established in Western countries, but not in developing countries like Nigeria where it is still evolving. A search was carried out in Pub Med, Google, African journals online (AJOL), Athens and Ovid for relevant publications on elective surgery waiting list in Nigeria, published in English language...
November 2014: Nigerian Medical Journal: Journal of the Nigeria Medical Association
Duncan Macrae, Richard Grieve, Elizabeth Allen, Zia Sadique, Helen Betts, Kevin Morris, Vithayathil John Pappachan, Roger Parslow, Robert C Tasker, Paul Baines, Michael Broadhead, Mark L Duthie, Peter-Marc Fortune, David Inwald, Paddy McMaster, Mark J Peters, Margrid Schindler, Carla Guerriero, Deborah Piercy, Zdenek Slavik, Claire Snowdon, Laura Van Dyck, Diana Elbourne
BACKGROUND: Early research in adults admitted to intensive care suggested that tight control of blood glucose during acute illness can be associated with reductions in mortality, length of hospital stay and complications such as infection and renal failure. Prior to our study, it was unclear whether or not children could also benefit from tight control of blood glucose during critical illness. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine if controlling blood glucose using insulin in paediatric intensive care units (PICUs) reduces mortality and morbidity and is cost-effective, whether or not admission follows cardiac surgery...
April 2014: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
Sushma K S, Safiya Shaikh
The presence of congenital valvular heart disease can pose a challenge to anaesthetists in paediatric patients planning for incidental surgeries. Most of the available case reports from various journals describe the anaesthetic management in adults, whereas, pulmonary stenosis can present anytime during childhood and adolescence. The present case-report highlights anaesthetic management in a 9-year-old child, who was diagnosed with severe pulmonary stenosis that was already treated with pulmonary balloon valvuloplasty, yet had an eventful perioperative period due to residual valvular dysfunction...
January 2014: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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