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journal of paediatric surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27401365/understanding-the-role-of-the-immune-system-in-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-immunometabolic-connections-to-scoliosis-icons-study-protocol
#1
M Constantine Samaan, Paul Missiuna, Devin Peterson, Lehana Thabane
INTRODUCTION: Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) affects up to 3% of children around the world. There is limited knowledge of AIS aetiopathogenesis, and this evidence is needed to develop new management strategies. Paraspinal muscle in AIS demonstrates evidence of differential fibrosis based on curve sidedness. Fibrosis is the hallmark of macrophage-driven inflammation and tissue remodelling, yet the mechanisms of fibrosis in paraspinal muscle in AIS are poorly understood. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this study is to determine the influence of curve sidedness on paraspinal muscle inflammation...
2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27226525/interventions-for-paediatric-surgery-patients-with-comorbid-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-systematic-literature-review
#2
Scott Koski, Robin L Gabriels, Carol Beresford
AIMS: To survey perioperative management practices for paediatric patients diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHODS: A systematic review was carried out of empirical studies and case reports published in peer-reviewed journals of current best practices and behavioural interventions for paediatric patients with ASD who had undergone surgery. RESULTS: The final sample included 11 articles published between 1997 and 2016 that met broad inclusion criteria of surveying perioperative interventions for the ASD population...
May 25, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26168761/wilms-tumour-in-african-children-can-an-institutional-approach-improve-outcome-erratum
#3
(no author information available yet)
In the article, "Wilms’ tumour in African children: Can an institutional approach improve outcome?" which appeared in page 7, Vol. 12, Jan-Mar 2015 issue of African Journal of Paediatric Surgery, name of the author Lofty- John Chukwuemeka Anyanwu incorrectly appeared as Lofty-John Chukwuemeka Anyanwa. The article has since been corrected and reposted online.
April 2015: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25819136/an-audit-of-best-evidence-topic-reviews-in-the-international-journal-of-surgery
#4
REVIEW
Nigel Tapiwa Mabvuure, Stefan Klimach, Mark Eisner, Jeremy Neil Rodrigues
INTRODUCTION: IJS launched best evidence topic reviews (BETs) in 2011, when the guidelines for conducting and reporting these reviews were published in the journal. AIMS: (1) Audit the adherence of all published BETs in IJS to these guidelines. (2) Assess the reach and impact of BETs published in IJS. METHODS: BETs published between 2011 and February 2014 were identified from http://www.journal-surgery.net/. Standards audited included: completeness of description of study attrition, and independent verification of searches...
May 2015: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25647374/cardiology-in-the-young-where-we-have-been-where-we-are-where-we-are-going
#5
Jeffrey P Jacobs
Cardiology in the Young is devoted to cardiovascular issues affecting the young, and older patients with congenital heart disease, or with other cardiac diseases acquired during childhood. The journal serves the interests of all professionals concerned with these topics. By design, the journal is international and multidisciplinary in its approach, and members of the editorial board take an active role in its mission, helping to make it an indispensable reference for paediatric and congenital cardiac care. All aspects of paediatric and congenital cardiac care are covered within the journal...
December 2014: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25638607/understanding-the-responsibilities-and-obligations-of-the-modern-paediatric-surgeon
#6
REVIEW
Spencer W Beasley
The modern paediatric surgeon needs to be competent in multiple domains that extend well beyond their clinical and technical expertise. This article, based on the Journal of Pediatric Surgery Lecture at the BAPS Congress (2014), explores some of these less well understood responsibilities and obligations, including professionalism, leadership, effective clinical teaching, and research. The consequence of falling short in these areas includes risks to our profession as a whole as well as compromising our ability to provide our patients with the best clinical care...
February 2015: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25628990/open-access-versus-subscription-access-journals-of-paediatric-surgery
#7
Jamshed Akhtar, Bilal Mirza
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2015: APSP Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25586851/theatre-of-paediatric-surgery
#8
Craig A McBride, Andrew J A Holland
In the 50 years since the first edition of this journal, operative paediatric surgery has undergone radical change. Many of the most common instruments are unchanged, both as a testament to their utility and in recognition of past surgeons remembered eponymously. Surrounding that basic core of instruments, theatre has changed radically as new tools and techniques have arisen. Surgeons have come down from their pedestals, recognising surgery as a team sport rather than a solo performance. More than half of the current paediatric surgical trainees are women, a higher proportion than in any other craft group of the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons...
January 2015: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25538359/the-surgical-waiting-time-initiative-a-review-of-the-nigerian-situation
#9
REVIEW
Imran Haruna Abdulkareem
The concept of surgical waiting time initiative (SWAT) was introduced in developed countries to reduce elective surgery waiting lists and increase efficiency of care. It was supplemented by increasing popularity of day surgery, which shortens elective waiting lists and minimises cancellations. It is established in Western countries, but not in developing countries like Nigeria where it is still evolving. A search was carried out in Pub Med, Google, African journals online (AJOL), Athens and Ovid for relevant publications on elective surgery waiting list in Nigeria, published in English language...
November 2014: Nigerian Medical Journal: Journal of the Nigeria Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24780450/a-clinical-and-economic-evaluation-of-control-of-hyperglycaemia-in-paediatric-intensive-care-chip-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Duncan Macrae, Richard Grieve, Elizabeth Allen, Zia Sadique, Helen Betts, Kevin Morris, Vithayathil John Pappachan, Roger Parslow, Robert C Tasker, Paul Baines, Michael Broadhead, Mark L Duthie, Peter-Marc Fortune, David Inwald, Paddy McMaster, Mark J Peters, Margrid Schindler, Carla Guerriero, Deborah Piercy, Zdenek Slavik, Claire Snowdon, Laura Van Dyck, Diana Elbourne
BACKGROUND: Early research in adults admitted to intensive care suggested that tight control of blood glucose during acute illness can be associated with reductions in mortality, length of hospital stay and complications such as infection and renal failure. Prior to our study, it was unclear whether or not children could also benefit from tight control of blood glucose during critical illness. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine if controlling blood glucose using insulin in paediatric intensive care units (PICUs) reduces mortality and morbidity and is cost-effective, whether or not admission follows cardiac surgery...
April 2014: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24596771/anaesthetic-management-of-pulmonary-stenosis-already-treated-with-pulmonary-balloon-valvuloplasty
#11
Sushma K S, Safiya Shaikh
The presence of congenital valvular heart disease can pose a challenge to anaesthetists in paediatric patients planning for incidental surgeries. Most of the available case reports from various journals describe the anaesthetic management in adults, whereas, pulmonary stenosis can present anytime during childhood and adolescence. The present case-report highlights anaesthetic management in a 9-year-old child, who was diagnosed with severe pulmonary stenosis that was already treated with pulmonary balloon valvuloplasty, yet had an eventful perioperative period due to residual valvular dysfunction...
January 2014: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24590329/publication-rate-of-abstracts-presented-at-european-paediatric-orthopaedic-society-annual-meetings-2006-to-2008
#12
Marie-Theres Kleine-Konig, Tobias L Schulte, Georg Gosheger, Robert Rödl, Frank M Schiedel
BACKGROUND: The quality of the abstracts presented at a conference reflects the scientific work and level of activity of the scientific association concerned. The aim of the present study was to determine the rate of publications of podium presentations and posters at the conferences of the European Paediatric Orthopaedic Society (EPOS) from 2006 to 2008 and to identify factors that favor publication in peer-reviewed journals. The results are compared with those of other international societies...
September 2014: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24510622/intravenous-versus-inhalational-anaesthesia-for-paediatric-outpatient-surgery
#13
REVIEW
Ana C Ortiz, Alvaro N Atallah, Delcio Matos, Edina M K da Silva
BACKGROUND: Ambulatory or outpatient anaesthesia is performed in patients who are discharged on the same day as their surgery. Perioperative complications such as postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV), postoperative behavioural disturbances and cardiorespiratory complications should be minimized in ambulatory anaesthesia. The choice of anaesthetic agents and techniques can influence the occurrence of these complications and thus delay in discharge. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to evaluate the risk of complications (the risk of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV), admission or readmission to hospital, postoperative behavioural disturbances and perioperative respiratory and cardiovascular complications) and recovery times (time to discharge from recovery ward and time to discharge from hospital) comparing the use of intravenous to inhalational anaesthesia for paediatric outpatient surgery...
2014: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24192469/completion-publication-of-abstracts-presented-at-the-scientific-meetings-of-the-pan-african-pediatric-surgical-association
#14
Abdulrasheed A Nasir, Emmanuel A Ameh, Dan Poenaru
BACKGROUND: The expected knowledge translation from discovery into practice occurs when presentations from major scientific meetings are published in peer-reviewed literature. The purpose of this study was to determine the extent of complete publication of peer-reviewed articles arising from presentations at the biennial meetings of the Pan-African Pediatric Surgical Association (PAPSA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: All the abstracts accepted for presentation at the biennial meeting of PAPSA between 2006 and 2010 were identified from the conference abstract booklets and published abstracts in the African Journal of Paediatric Surgery...
July 2013: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23879323/clinical-results-of-40-years-of-paediatric-keratoplasty-in-a-single-university-eye-clinic
#15
Maria Hovlykke, Jesper Hjortdal, Niels Ehlers, Kim Nielsen
PURPOSE:   To evaluate indications for paediatric keratoplasty in recipients aged ≤16 years and assess long-term clinical outcome. METHOD:   Recipients were identified from records of the Danish Cornea Bank. Data were collected from patient journals, clinical follow-up examinations and questionnaires and stratified into pre-, peri- and postoperative variables. Diagnoses were classified into acquired traumatic, acquired nontraumatic and congenital groups. Recipients were divided into groups of <8 and ≥8 years...
June 2014: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23860077/uncorrectable-coagulopathy-due-to-intestinal-obstruction-a-clinical-dilemma-of-competing-priorities-in-a-child
#16
V Raveenthiran, S Balachandran
Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) is a contraindication for major surgical operations. However, if surgery is required to correct the underlying cause of DIC, a clinical conflict is created. In such complex scenario, standard resources such as textbooks and journals offer very little guidance. In this communication, we report a 22-month-old boy who developed sepsis-induced DIC following intestinal obstruction. Pre-operative attempts to normalize coagulation parameters failed. Damage control laparotomy was undertaken as it was considered essential to control the underlying cause of DIC...
April 2013: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23832921/is-levosimendan-effective-in-paediatric-heart-failure-and-post-cardiac-surgeries
#17
REVIEW
Ullas Angadi, Claire Westrope, Mohammed F Chowdhry
A best evidence topic in cardiothoracic surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was 'do children with heart failure post-cardiac surgery undergoing treatment with levosimendan have an acceptable haemodynamic improvement?' The use of levosimendan as a vasoactive drug is an accepted intervention for patients with altered haemodynamics post-cardiac surgeries. However, the role of levosimendan and its efficacy have been debated. Eleven relevant papers were identified, which represented the best evidence to answer the question...
October 2013: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23728647/interventions-for-intermittent-exotropia
#18
REVIEW
Sarah R Hatt, Lawrence Gnanaraj
BACKGROUND: The clinical management of intermittent exotropia has been discussed extensively in the literature, yet there remains a lack of clarity regarding indications for intervention, the most effective form of treatment and whether or not there is an optimal time in the evolution of the disease at which any treatment should be carried out. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to analyse the effects of various surgical and non-surgical treatments in randomised trials of participants with intermittent exotropia, and to report intervention criteria and determine the significance of factors such as age with respect to outcome...
2013: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23519851/evaluation-of-clinical-research-reporting-in-african-journal-of-paediatric-surgery
#19
Abdulrasheed A Nasir, Kokila Lakhoo
BACKGROUND: Clinical research forms the cornerstone of efforts to improve the lives of patients. African Journal of Paediatric Surgery has been a major vehicle for dissemination of information to paediatric surgeons in Africa since 2004. Most studies in the paediatric surgical literature are observational studies. This study aims to assess the adequacy of clinical research reporting in African Journal paediatric surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors analyzed all observational studies published in African Journal of Paediatric Surgery from 2006 to 2010 (n = 73)...
January 2013: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23348475/kathryn-harley-often-when-we-see-paediatric-patients-it-s-already-too-late-interview-by-ruth-doherty
#20
Kathryn Harley
Kathryn Harley, Dean of the Faculty of Dental Surgery of the RCS, talks to the British Dental Journal about working with the press to spread oral health messages, the importance of prevention and the joy of treating children.
January 2013: British Dental Journal
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