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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871595/a-comparison-of-king-vision-video-laryngoscopy-and-direct-laryngoscopy-as-performed-by-residents-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Jose A Valencia, Katherine Pimienta, Darwin Cohen, Daniel Benitez, David Romero, Oswaldo Amaya, Enrique Arango
STUDY OBJECTIVE: For more than 40 years, direct laryngoscopy (DL) has been used to assure the airway during endotracheal intubation. The King Vision video laryngoscope is one of the latest devices introduced for endotracheal intubation. We hypothesize that, relative to direct laryngoscopy, it improves the intubation success rate with fewer intubation attempts and no difference in intubation time or complications. DESIGN: This randomized controlled clinical trial included...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856005/mobile-universal-lexicon-evaluation-system-mules-test-a-new-measure-of-rapid-picture-naming-for-concussion
#2
Lucy Cobbs, Lisena Hasanaj, Prin Amorapanth, John-Ross Rizzo, Rachel Nolan, Liliana Serrano, Jenelle Raynowska, Janet C Rucker, Barry D Jordan, Steven L Galetta, Laura J Balcer
OBJECTIVE: This study introduces a rapid picture naming test, the Mobile Universal Lexicon Evaluation System (MULES), as a novel, vision-based performance measure for concussion screening. The MULES is a visual-verbal task that includes 54 original photographs of fruits, objects and animals. We piloted MULES in a cohort of volunteers to determine feasibility, ranges of picture naming responses, and the relation of MULES time scores to those of King-Devick (K-D), a rapid number naming test...
November 4, 2016: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752515/rapid-number-naming-in-chronic-concussion-eye-movements-in-the-king-devick-test
#3
John-Ross Rizzo, Todd E Hudson, Weiwei Dai, Joel Birkemeier, Rosa M Pasculli, Ivan Selesnick, Laura J Balcer, Steven L Galetta, Janet C Rucker
OBJECTIVE: The King-Devick (KD) test, which is based on rapid number naming speed, is a performance measure that adds vision and eye movement assessments to sideline concussion testing. We performed a laboratory-based study to characterize ocular motor behavior during the KD test in a patient cohort with chronic concussion to identify features associated with prolonged KD reading times. METHODS: Twenty-five patients with a concussion history (mean age: 31) were compared to control participants with no concussion history (n = 42, mean age: 32)...
October 2016: Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730532/a-review-of-abnormalities-in-the-perception-of-visual-illusions-in-schizophrenia
#4
Daniel J King, Joanne Hodgekins, Philippe A Chouinard, Virginie-Anne Chouinard, Irene Sperandio
Specific abnormalities of vision in schizophrenia have been observed to affect high-level and some low-level integration mechanisms, suggesting that people with schizophrenia may experience anomalies across different stages in the visual system affecting either early or late processing or both. Here, we review the research into visual illusion perception in schizophrenia and the issues which previous research has faced. One general finding that emerged from the literature is that those with schizophrenia are mostly immune to the effects of high-level illusory displays, but this effect is not consistent across all low-level illusions...
October 11, 2016: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27700478/integrating-research-clinical-care-and-education-in-academic-health-science-centers
#5
Gillian King, Nicole Thomson, Mitchell Rothstein, Shauna Kingsnorth, Kathryn Parker
Purpose One of the major issues faced by academic health science centers (AHSCs) is the need for mechanisms to foster the integration of research, clinical, and educational activities to achieve the vision of evidence-informed decision making (EIDM) and optimal client care. The paper aims to discuss this issue. Design/methodology/approach This paper synthesizes literature on organizational learning and collaboration, evidence-informed organizational decision making, and learning-based organizations to derive insights concerning the nature of effective workplace learning in AHSCs...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692621/use-of-king-vision-videolaryngoscope-in-an-unanticipated-difficult-airway-in-an-adult-patient-with-giant-vallecular-cyst-a-case-report
#6
L España Fuente, P de la Rica Fernández, J L González González
Laryngeal cysts are largely asymptomatic and typically described in the context of incidental discovery on routine laryngoscopy. These cysts, in adults are even rarer and can have catastrophic consequences in an anaesthetized patient if airway management is inappropriate. We describe a case of difficult endotracheal intubation and the treatment of an adult patient with an asymptomatic, giant vallecular cyst that was discovered during rapid-sequence induction of general anesthesia in urgent surgery. In conclusion, vallecular cysts can cause extreme problems in securing the airway...
September 27, 2016: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687435/king-vision-video-laryngoscope-versus-lightwand-as-an-intubating-device-in-adult-patients-with-mallampatti-grade-iii-and-iv-patients
#7
Shadab Kamal, Qazi Ehsan Ali, Syed Hussain Amir, Sarfaraz Ahmed, Krochi Pal
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Anticipated and unanticipated difficult airways are often encountered by anesthesiologists in their clinical practice. There are various devices available in such situations. We aim to compare King Vision video laryngoscope and Lightwand for their performance as an intubating device in predicted difficult intubation. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, single blind study. SETTING: Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College. PATIENTS: Sixty ASA 1 and 2 with Mallampati grade III and IV...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27662773/-king-vision-video-laryngoscope-for-severe-post-burn-contracture-neck-an-encouraging-experience
#8
Qazi Ehsan Ali, Obaid Ahmed Siddiqui, Syed Hussain Amir, Sarfaraz Ahmad, Shaista Jamil
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Managing the airway of post burn contracture of the neck has always been challenging to anesthesiologists as it limits the alignment of oro-pharyngo-laryngeal axes because of functional and anatomical deformities that occur as a result of long standing contractures. Here the role of the King Vision video laryngoscope which is the latest in the series of video laryngoscope has been evaluated for such patients. CASE REPORT: A 35 year old male patient with post burn contracture of neck was scheduled for release of the contracture...
September 20, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27570862/outcome-of-repeat-penetrating-keratoplasty-in-eyes-with-failed-penetrating-keratoplasty
#9
Abdulrahman S Khairallah
OBJECTIVES: To report the outcomes of penetrating keratoplasty (PKP) surgeries in eyes with failed PKP. METHODS: This was a retrospective, non-comparative, descriptive case series. Thirty eyes of 30 patients with failed PKP comprised our study group, they were reviewed from January 2007 to December 2012 at the King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Data were collected on best corrected visual acuity before and after one week, one month, 3 months, 6 months, one year, and 2 years following PKP...
September 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27510566/pangolin-genomes-and-the-evolution-of-mammalian-scales-and-immunity
#10
Siew Woh Choo, Mike Rayko, Tze King Tan, Ranjeev Hari, Aleksey Komissarov, Wei Yee Wee, Andrey A Yurchenko, Sergey Kliver, Gaik Tamazian, Agostinho Antunes, Richard K Wilson, Wesley C Warren, Klaus-Peter Koepfli, Patrick Minx, Ksenia Krasheninnikova, Antoinette Kotze, Desire L Dalton, Elaine Vermaak, Ian C Paterson, Pavel Dobrynin, Frankie Thomas Sitam, Jeffrine J Rovie-Ryan, Warren E Johnson, Aini Mohamed Yusoff, Shu-Jin Luo, Kayal Vizi Karuppannan, Gang Fang, Deyou Zheng, Mark B Gerstein, Leonard Lipovich, Stephen J O'Brien, Guat Jah Wong
Pangolins, unique mammals with scales over most of their body, no teeth, poor vision, and an acute olfactory system, comprise the only placental order (Pholidota) without a whole-genome map. To investigate pangolin biology and evolution, we developed genome assemblies of the Malayan (Manis javanica) and Chinese (M. pentadactyla) pangolins. Strikingly, we found that interferon epsilon (IFNE), exclusively expressed in epithelial cells and important in skin and mucosal immunity, is pseudogenized in all African and Asian pangolin species that we examined, perhaps impacting resistance to infection...
October 2016: Genome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27501620/50th-year-anniversary-of-department-of-anesthesiology-faculty-of-medicine-siriraj-hospital-mahidol-university
#11
Jariya Lertakyamanee
Department of Anesthesiology, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, has started to be a formal anesthesia division, divided from division of Surgery in 1965; hence our 50th year anniversary in 2015. Research is now a priority and mandatory mission, according to the vision of Mahidol University. Second mission is to teach and train, and we produce the highest number of states-of-the-art anesthesiologists and anesthetic nurses each year Curriculum and training are being continuously improved. From a small unit, now it is one of the largest departments and extends the service, our third mission, to more than only in the operating theaters...
May 2016: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand, Chotmaihet Thangphaet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27471483/from-grouping-to-coupling-a-new-perceptual-organization-in-vision-psychology-and-biology
#12
Baingio Pinna, Daniele Porcheddu, Katia Deiana
In this work, perceptual organization has been studied with the same spirit and phenomenological methods used by Gestalt psychologists. This was accomplished through new conditions that cannot be explained in terms of the classical principles of grouping. Perceptual grouping represents the way through which our visual system builds integrated elements on the basis of the maximal homogeneity among the components of the stimulus pattern. Our results demonstrated the inconsistency of organization by grouping, and more importantly, the inconsistency of the principle of similarity...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27464573/king-devick-and-pre-season-visual-function-in-adolescent-athletes
#13
Katherine K Weise, Mark W Swanson, Kimberly Penix, Matthew Heath Hale, Drew Ferguson
PURPOSE: The King-Devick test (KD) has been studied as a remove-from-play sideline test in college-age athletes and older; however, studies in younger athletes are limited. A cross-sectional study of the KD and other vision correlates was completed on school-aged athletes during pre-season physicals for a variety of sports to determine the repeatability of the KD. The study also evaluated how convergence, alignment, or pupil function contributed to a slower King-Devick baseline reading...
July 23, 2016: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27341096/-quantitative-color-vision-defect-evaluation-lanthony-test-and-its-modified-interpretation
#14
P Veselý, D Urbánek, S Synek, L Hanák
UNLABELLED: Our aim was to develop quick and exact instrument for examination of color vision defects (CVD). We used Lanthony saturated and desaturated test. Data were evaluated according the Vingrys and King-Smith study. We had together 123 eyes of 86 patients. From all subjects we received these average values: AA 44.32 (min -87.13, max 80.64), TES 13.36 (min 8.84, max 30.30), SI 1.97 (min 1.22, max 5.69) and CI 1.66 (min 1.0, max 3.94). At the base of counting algorithm and average values form saturated and desaturated test we revealed 25 (29 %) patients with CVD...
2016: Ceská a Slovenská Oftalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27307695/serum-molecular-signature-for-proliferative%C3%A2-diabetic%C3%A2-retinopathy-in-saudi-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#15
Jianbo Pan, Sheng Liu, Michael Farkas, Mark Consugar, Donald J Zack, Igor Kozak, J Fernando Arevalo, Eric Pierce, Jiang Qian, Eman Al Kahtani
PURPOSE: The risk of vision loss from proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) can be reduced with timely detection and treatment. We aimed to identify serum molecular signatures that might help in the early detection of PDR in patients with diabetes. METHODS: A total of 40 patients with diabetes were recruited at King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, 20 with extensive PDR and 20 with mild non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR). The two groups were matched in age, gender, and known duration of diabetes...
2016: Molecular Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27291255/seniors-risk-and-rehabilitation-broadening-our-thinking
#16
Mary Y Egan, Debbie Laliberte Rudman, Christine Ceci, Dorothy Kessler, Colleen McGrath, Paula Gardner, Judy King, Monique Lanoix, Ravi Malhotra
PURPOSE: Conceptualizations of risk in seniors' rehabilitation emphasize potential physical injury, functional independence and cost containment, shifting rehabilitation from other considerations essential to promoting a satisfying life. In a two-day multidisciplinary planning meeting we critically examined and discussed alternatives to dominant conceptualizations. METHOD: Invitees reflected on conceptualizations of risk in stroke rehabilitation and low vision rehabilitation, identified and explored positive and negative implications and generated alternative perspectives to support rehabilitation approaches related to living a good life...
June 13, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27221293/muscle-activity-during-endotracheal-intubation-using-4-laryngoscopes-macintosh-laryngoscope-intubrite-truview-evo2-and-king-vision-a-comparative-study
#17
Tomasz Gaszyński, Jakub Jakubiak
BACKGROUND: Successful endotracheal intubation requires mental activity and no less important physical activity from the anesthesiologist, so ergonomics of used devices is important. The aim of our study has been to compare 4 laryngoscopes regarding an operator's activity of selected muscles of the upper limb, an operator's satisfaction with used devices and an operator's fatigue during intubation attempts. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 13 anesthesiologists of similar seniority...
2016: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27199722/neural-adaptations-associated-with-interlimb-transfer-in-a-ballistic-wrist-flexion-task
#18
Kathy L Ruddy, Anne K Rudolf, Barbara Kalkman, Maedbh King, Andreas Daffertshofer, Timothy J Carroll, Richard G Carson
Cross education is the process whereby training of one limb gives rise to increases in the subsequent performance of its opposite counterpart. The execution of many unilateral tasks is associated with increased excitability of corticospinal projections from primary motor cortex (M1) to the opposite limb. It has been proposed that these effects are causally related. Our aim was to establish whether changes in corticospinal excitability (CSE) arising from prior training of the opposite limb determine levels of interlimb transfer...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27191297/clarity-of-vision
#19
Jane Bates
It is rather like painting the Forth Road Bridge, running to stand still, or akin to King Canute trying to turn back the waters.
April 27, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27112746/illusion-disillusion-and-irony-in-psychoanalysis
#20
John Steiner
The author draws a parallel between an analyst listening to a patient and a member of an audience watching a play. In both situations, it is important to be able to adopt a dual identity in order to participate in the action through identification and then to withdraw from the identification to adopt the position of an observer. The author discusses two plays, Ibsen's The Wild Duck (1884) and Sophocles's Oedipus the King (5th century BC, a), and concludes that an ironic attitude to these works can help the spectator to adopt these dual identities and to recognize the value of truth, while at the same time appreciating that reality can be harsh and sometimes unbearable...
April 2016: Psychoanalytic Quarterly
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