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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022406/our-experience-with-syrian-refugee-patients-at-the-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-clinic-in-gaziantep-turkey
#1
Mehmet Karadag, Cem Gokcen, Funda Dandil, Baran Calisgan
Reporting from Turkey's frontier with the civil war in Syria, we examined the demographic characteristics, psychiatric diagnoses and treatments for the Syrian refugee patients who have presented to Gaziantep University, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Clinic through 2016 and the first half of 2017 retrospectively, having aimed to understand the special characteristics and needs of this novel patient group. Within a year and a half, we evaluated 51 children and adolescents and 25 (51%) had come from refugee camps, where primary healthcare services are available...
October 12, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990428/retrospective-review-of-comorbid-conditions-in-a-multidisciplinary-pediatric-weight-management-clinic
#2
Christine Thang, Margaret Whitley, Nilufar Izadpanah, Daniel DeUgarte, Wendy Slusser
A retrospective medical chart review was conducted of patients enrolled in the Fit for Healthy Weight Clinic (Fit Clinic). At initial evaluation, comorbidities were identified by the patient and pediatrician. The number of comorbidities increased with age among patients. In reviewing the differences among the number of identified comorbidities among grade school age and adolescent patients, increases of 30% were observed in gastrointestinal-associated, 23% in psychiatric, 18% in endocrine, 16% in cardiovascular, and 14% in respiratory comorbidities...
October 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990159/neuro-psychiatric-comorbidity-among-psoriatic-adolescents
#3
E Galili, A Barzilai, R Shreberk-Hassidim, I Merdler, T Caspi, N Astman
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is a known risk factor for neuro-psychiatric diseases among adults. Less is known regarding adolescents. OBJECTIVE: Investigating the association between psoriasis and neuro-psychiatric comorbidity and social skills among adolescents. METHODS: A population based cross-sectional study between January 1(st) , 1999 and January 1(st) , 2014 was conducted. The study included 1746 and 1366 adolescents (aged 16 to 18) with mild and moderate to severe psoriasis, respectively...
October 8, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982839/study-protocol-of-the-internet-user-cohort-for-unbiased-recognition-of-gaming-disorder-in-early-adolescence-icure-korea-2015-2019
#4
Hyunsuk Jeong, Hyeon Woo Yim, Sun-Jin Jo, Seung-Yup Lee, Eunjin Kim, Hye Jung Son, Hyun-Ho Han, Hae Kook Lee, Yong-Sil Kweon, Soo-Young Bhang, Jung-Seok Choi, Bung-Nyun Kim, Douglas A Gentile, Marc N Potenza
INTRODUCTION: In 2013, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) proposed nine internet gaming disorder (IGD) diagnostic criteria as a condition warranting further empirical and clinical research. The aim of this study is to clarify the natural and clinical courses of IGD proposed DSM-5 in adolescents and to evaluate its risk and protective factors. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The Internet user Cohort for Unbiased Recognition of gaming disorder in Early Adolescence (iCURE) study is an ongoing multidisciplinary, prospective, longitudinal cohort study conducted in 21 schools in Korea...
October 5, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974184/psychoanalytic-psychotherapy-for-children-and-adolescents-with-severe-externalising-psychopathology-an-effectiveness-trial
#5
Katharina Weitkamp, Judith K Daniels, Georg Romer, Silke Wiegand-Grefe
OBJECTIVES: This partly waitlist-controlled prospective field study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of psychoanalytic psychotherapy for children and adolescents with severe externalising symptoms. Externalising symptoms are associated with diagnoses of conduct disorders, hyperkinetic disorders, and disorders of social functioning. METHODS: Participants were 93 children and adolescents in psychoanalytic therapy with a diagnosed psychiatric disorder with externalising symptomatology (intervention group: n = 65; minimal supportive treatment/waitlist control group: n = 28)...
September 2017: Zeitschrift Für Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972296/adolescent-predictors-of-incidence-and-persistence-of-suicide-related-outcomes-in-young-adulthood-a-longitudinal-study-of-mexican-youth
#6
Corina Benjet, David Menendez, Yesica Albor, Guilherme Borges, Ricardo Orozco, Maria Elena Medina-Mora
In recent years, Mexico has seen one of the largest increases in suicide rates worldwide, especially among adolescents and young adults. This study uses data from the 1,071 respondents who participated in a two-wave longitudinal study when they were between 12 and 17 years of age, and again when they were between 19 and 26 years of age. The World Mental Health Composite International Diagnostic Interview assessed suicidal behavior and DSM-IV mental disorders. We used Cox regressions to evaluate which sociodemographic and psychiatric factors and life events predicted the incidence and remission of suicide ideation, plan, and attempt throughout the 8-year span...
October 3, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937468/psychogenic-low-back-pain-and-hysterical-paralysis-in-adolescence
#7
Tsukasa Kanchiku, Hidenori Suzuki, Yasuaki Imajo, Yuichiro Yoshida, Norihiro Nishida, Toshihiko Taguchi
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical outcomes in adolescents diagnosed with psychogenic low-back pain and hysterical paralysis and to evaluate the efficacy of differential diagnosis methods. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The incidence of low-back pain in adolescence is similar to that in adults, but the causes of low-back pain are difficult to determine in most cases. For these patients, a definitive diagnosis of psychogenic low-back pain and hysterical paralysis as well as adequate treatment are clinically important to avoid unnecessary surgical treatment...
October 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927773/-school-refusal-psychopathological-profiles-of-adolescents-followed-in-a-day-hospital-setting
#8
J Romani, S Campredon, D Da Fonseca
INTRODUCTION: School refusal appeared when formal education became compulsory in 1882, with the Jules Ferry laws. In international psychiatric classifications, school refusal does not appear as a diagnosis by itself, but it co-exists and is inherent to the symptoms of other psychiatric conditions, in particular of anxiety and depressive disorders. The main goal of this study was to describe psychopathological disorders in teenagers presenting school refusal followed in a day hospital setting...
September 15, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922069/glutamatergic-agents-in-the-treatment-of-compulsivity-and-impulsivity-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#9
Konstantin Mechler, Alexander Häge, Nina Schweinfurth, Jeffrey C Glennon, Rick M Dijkhuizen, Declan Murphy, Sarah Durston, Steven Williams, Jan K Buitelaar, Tobias Banaschewski, Ralf W Dittmann, The Tactics Consortium
OBJECTIVE: Research has implicated glutamatergic projections between the various frontal subregions in the pathogenesis of compulsivity and impulsivity. Reducing striatal glutamate release, or antagonising the action of glutamate at its receptors, may therefore represent viable treatment strategies. Several glutamatergic agents with regulatory approval for other indications are available and may be of potential benefit in the treatment of compulsivity/impulsivity in psychiatric disorders in paediatric patients...
September 18, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919875/psychological-support-for-young-adults-with-down-syndrome-dohsa-hou-program-for-maladaptive-behaviors-and-internalizing-problems
#10
Haruo Fujino
Psychological and psychiatric dysfunction is a major problem in a substantial proportion of young adults with Down syndrome. Some patients develop psychiatric issues, such as depressive, obsessive-compulsive, or psychotic-like disorders, in their late adolescence or young adulthood. Furthermore, these individuals may experience moderate to severe emotional and psychological distress. Development of a psychosocial treatment to address these issues is needed in addition to psychotropic medication. The current study reports two cases of young adults with Down syndrome, who presented psychiatric symptoms and marked disruption in their daily lives...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916012/preliminary-outcomes-from-an-integrated-pediatric-mental-health-outpatient-clinic
#11
REVIEW
Gary R Maslow, Adrienne Banny, McLean Pollock, Kristen Stefureac, Kendra Rosa, Barbara Keith Walter, Katherine Hobbs Knutson, Joseph Lucas, Nicole Heilbron
An estimated 1 in 5 children in the United States meet criteria for a diagnosable mental disorder, yet fewer than 20% receive mental health services. Unmet need for psychiatric treatment may contribute to patterns of increasing use of the emergency department. This article describes an integrated pediatric evaluation center designed to prevent the need for treatment in emergency settings by increasing access to timely and appropriate care for emergent and critical mental health needs. Preliminary results showed that the center provided rapid access to assessment and treatment services for children and adolescents presenting with a wide range of psychiatric concerns...
October 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914445/the-prevalence-of-mental-health-disorders-and-symptoms-in-children-and-adolescents-with-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Jenny Downs, Amanda Marie Blackmore, Amy Epstein, Rachel Skoss, Katherine Langdon, Peter Jacoby, Andrew J O Whitehouse, Helen Leonard, Peter W Rowe, Emma J Glasson
AIM: Mental health conditions and problems are often reported in children and adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP). A systematic review was undertaken to describe their prevalence. METHOD: MEDLINE and PsycINFO databases from 1996 to 2016 were searched and reference lists of selected studies were reviewed. Studies were included if they reported point prevalence of mental health diagnoses or symptoms in a general population of children and/or adolescents with CP. Pooled prevalence for mental health symptoms was determined using a random effects meta-analysis...
September 15, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888350/anterior-cingulate-cortex-grey-matter-volume-abnormalities-in-adolescents-with-ptsd-after-childhood-sexual-abuse
#13
Mirjam A Rinne-Albers, J Nienke Pannekoek, Marie-José van Hoof, Natasja D van Lang, Francien Lamers-Winkelman, Serge A Rombouts, Nic J van der Wee, Robert R Vermeiren
Adverse childhood experiences (ACE) substantially increase the risk of later psychiatric and somatic pathology. While neurobiological factors are likely to play a mediating role, specific insights are lacking. The scarce neuroimaging studies in traumatised pediatric populations have provided inconsistent results, potentially due to the inclusion of different types of trauma. To further improve our understanding of the neurobiology of pediatric psychotrauma, this study seeks to investigate abnormalities in grey matter volume (GMV) in a homogeneous group of adolescents with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) due to childhood sexual abuse (CSA) and the relationship between GMV and symptom severity...
September 6, 2017: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872927/an-investigation-of-cardiovascular-risks-in-a-group-of-children-and-adolescents-who-use-atypical-antipsychotics
#14
Gül Dikeç, Leyla Baysan Arabaci, Gülçin Bölük Uzunoglu, Selin Demet Mizrak
This study was conducted to identify the metabolic parameters and body measurements associated with cardiovascular risks in a group of children and adolescents who as part of inpatient treatment received atypical antipsychotics at a psychiatric hospital in Turkey. Body mass indexes (BMIs), waist circumferences (WCs), diastolic blood pressures (DBPs), systolic blood pressures (SBPs) and heart rates (HRs) of the patients were evaluated during hospitalization and at discharge. A statistically significant difference was found among the mean BMIs, WCs, DBPs and HRs of the patients at the stages of their hospitalization and discharge (p < 0...
October 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870688/-what-do-virtual-reality-tools-bring-to-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry
#15
S Bioulac, E de Sevin, P Sagaspe, A Claret, P Philip, J A Micoulaud-Franchi, M P Bouvard
Virtual reality is a relatively new technology that enables individuals to immerse themselves in a virtual world. It offers several advantages including a more realistic, lifelike environment that may allow subjects to "forget" they are being assessed, allow a better participation and an increased generalization of learning. Moreover, the virtual reality system can provide multimodal stimuli, such as visual and auditory stimuli, and can also be used to evaluate the patient's multimodal integration and to aid rehabilitation of cognitive abilities...
September 1, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856627/autism-spectrum-disorders-in-propionic-acidemia-patients
#16
Caroline Dejean de la Bâtie, Valérie Barbier, Célina Roda, Anaïs Brassier, Jean-Baptiste Arnoux, Vassili Valayannopoulos, Anne-Sophie Guemann, Clément Pontoizeau, Stéphanie Gobin, Florence Habarou, Florence Lacaille, Jean-Paul Bonnefont, Pierre Canouï, Chris Ottolenghi, Pascale De Lonlay, Lisa Ouss
Propionic acidemia is the result of a deficiency in propionyl-CoA carboxylase activity. Chronic neurologic and cognitive complications frequently occur, but the psychiatric evolution of the disorder is not well documented. We conducted a pedopsychiatric evaluation of 19 children, adolescents and young adults, aged between 2 and 25 years, using ADI-R, CARS-T, as well as ADOS when autism spectrum disorder was suspected. Previous psychometric examinations were also taken into consideration. Thirteen patients had an IQ < 80...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837938/the-relations-between-inadequate-parent-child-boundaries-and-borderline-personality-disorder-in-adolescence
#17
Salome Vanwoerden, Allison Kalpakci, Carla Sharp
Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is a severe mental illness that onsets in adolescence. Research has demonstrated the central role of parent-child relationships for the development and maintenance of BPD although more research is necessary to clarify the specific dynamics that relate to BPD during adolescence. Based on preliminary research establishing the importance of parent-child boundaries for adolescent BPD, this study sought to evaluate the relations between different forms of inadequate boundaries and BPD in adolescence using a multi-method approach...
August 12, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829159/early-onset-bipolar-disorder-characteristics-and-outcomes-in-the-clinic
#18
Daniel F Connor, Julian D Ford, Geraldine S Pearson, Victoria L Scranton, Asha Dusad
OBJECTIVE: To assess patient characteristics and clinician-rated outcomes for children diagnosed with early-onset bipolar disorder in comparison to a depressive disorders cohort from a single clinic site. To assess predictors of bipolar treatment response. METHODS: Medical records from 714 consecutive pediatric patients evaluated and treated at an academic tertiary child and adolescent psychiatry clinic between 2006 and 2012 were reviewed. Charts of bipolar children (n = 49) and children with depressive disorders (n = 58) meeting study inclusion/exclusion criteria were compared on variables assessing clinical characteristics, treatments, and outcomes...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820354/validity-of-screening-for-psychiatric-disorders-in-unaccompanied-minor-asylum-seekers-use-of-computer-based-assessment
#19
Marianne Jakobsen, Melinda A Meyer DeMott, Trond Heir
Self-report screening is an important element of transcultural research. Problems concerning illiteracy, cultural sensitivity, and possible misunderstandings have been handled differently in different settings. The aim of this study was to evaluate the validity of two well-known instruments: the Hopkins Symptoms Check List (HSCL-25), and the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire (HTQ, Part IV), with a sample of 160 unaccompanied asylum-seeking adolescents from Afghanistan and Somalia. Assessments were performed 4 months after arrival in Norway, and the screening instruments were presented to the informants on computers with touch-screen function, using the program MultiCASI...
January 1, 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816913/influence-of-written-informed-consent-for-methylphenidate-on-medicine-persistence-rates-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#20
Kristian Naenen-Hernani, Antonio Palazón-Bru, Francisco Colomina-Climent, Vicente F Gil-Guillén
OBJECTIVE: To assess the influence of written informed consent on nonpersistence with methylphenidate treatment in children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHODS: We undertook a cohort study including 141 children with ADHD who started treatment with methylphenidate, with a follow-up of 6 months. The main outcome variable was nonpersistence, defined as discontinuation of treatment by the patient. Two groups were analyzed with and without written informed consent...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
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