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Psychiatric evaluation adolescent

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077106/age-of-onset-of-substance-use-and-psychosocial-problems-among-individuals-with-substance-use-disorders
#1
Anju Poudel, Sital Gautam
BACKGROUND: Substance use is generally initiated in adolescence or early adulthood and is commonly associated with several physical, psychological, emotional and social problems. The objective of this study is to assess the age of onset of substance use differences on psychosocial problems among individuals with substance use disorders (SUDs) residing in drug rehabilitation centers. METHODS: A descriptive cross sectional research design was carried out. Probability Proportional to Size (PPS) sampling technique was used to select the drug rehabilitation centers and all the respondents meeting the inclusion criteria of the selected seven rehabilitation centers were taken as a sample and comprised of 221 diagnosed individuals with SUDs...
January 11, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060693/quality-of-life-in-children-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#2
REVIEW
Joana Vieira, Filipa Ramalho E Silva
INTRODUCTION: Obsessive-compulsive disorder is a psychiatric disorder stated as one of the most debilitating diseases in the developedworld. However, not much is known about how this disease impairs patients' quality of life in children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted a research in PubMed and Thomson Reuters Web Of Science using the following terms: 'Quality of life', 'Obsessive-compulsive disorder', 'Child', 'Pediatrics' and 'Adolescent'. Of the 138 papers retrieved with this search, five articles corresponded to the aim of this review...
September 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060443/depression-impacts-the-physiological-responsiveness-of-mother-daughter-dyads-during-social-interaction
#3
Marlissa C Amole, Jill M Cyranowski, Aidan G C Wright, Holly A Swartz
BACKGROUND: Maternal depression is associated with increased risk of psychiatric illness in offspring. While risk may relate to depressed mothers' difficulties regulating emotions in the context of interacting with offspring, physiological indicators of emotion regulation have rarely been examined during mother-child interactions-and never among mother-adolescent dyads in which both mother and adolescent have histories of major depressive disorder (MDD). METHODS: We examined changes in high-frequency heart rate variability (HF-HRV), an indicator of parasympathetic (vagal) function that has been related to depression, stress, social engagement, and emotion regulation, in 46 mother-daughter dyads (23 in which both mother and daughter had an MDD history and 23 never-depressed controls)...
January 6, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053283/co-morbidity-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-clinical-study-from-india
#4
P Jacob, S Srinath, S Girimaji, S Seshadri, J V Sagar
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of neurodevelopmental and psychiatric co-morbidities in children and adolescents diagnosed with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder at a tertiary care child and adolescent psychiatry centre. METHODS: A total of 63 children and adolescents who were diagnosed with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and fulfilled the inclusion criteria were comprehensively assessed for neurodevelopmental and psychiatric co-morbidities...
December 2016: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039823/psychiatric-comorbidity-and-maternal-distress-among-adolescent-eating-disorder-patients-a-comparison-with-substance-use-disorder-patients
#5
Dimitra Anastasiadou, Melissa Parks, Agostino Brugnera, Ana R Sepulveda, Montserrat Graell
High rates of comorbidity are found among eating disorder (ED) patients, which may negatively affect treatment outcome and prognosis. However, there is a shortage of studies in Spain using clinician administered interviews to assess rates of comorbidity among these patients, particularly in adolescents. This study aimed to evaluate Axis I psychiatric diagnoses in adolescent patients with an ED and to compare them with patients with a distinct disorder with adolescent onset, substance use disorder (SUD) patients...
December 21, 2016: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032323/comorbidity-of-migraine-major-depressive-disorder-and-generalized-anxiety-disorder-in-adolescents-and-young-adults
#6
Lilian N Dindo, Ana Recober, Rita Haddad, Chadi A Calarge
PURPOSE: Depression and anxiety are highly comorbid psychiatric conditions and both are common in adult patients with migraine. This study aims to examine the unique associations between major depressive disorder (MDD) and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) in a well-characterized group of older adolescents and college-age individuals with migraine. METHOD: Participants (N =  227), between 15 and 20 years old, who were unmedicated or within 1 month of beginning antidepressant treatment underwent a comprehensive psychiatric assessment to establish the presence of MDD and GAD, according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, Fourth Edition, Text Revision, and to rate their symptom severity using the Longitudinal Interval Follow-up Evaluation for Adolescents (A-LIFE)...
December 28, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002511/the-prognostic-and-clinical-significance-of-neuroimagistic-and-neurobiological-vulnerability-markers-in-correlation-with-the-molecular-pharmacogenetic-testing-in-psychoses-and-ultra-high-risk-categories
#7
Laura Alexandra Nussbaum, Lavinia Maria Hogea, Nicoleta Ioana Andreescu, Raluca Claudia Grădinaru, Maria Puiu, Andrei Todica
We approach an integrated, multidisciplinary, innovative research-action model in children and adolescents with psychosis and ultra high-risk categories. Our main focus was: to investigate the prognostic and clinical significance of neuroimagistic and neurobiological vulnerability markers in correlation with the molecular pharmacogenetic testing in psychoses and ultra high-risk categories; the dynamic evaluation of the clinical evolution for the studied groups in correlation with specific neurobiological and neuroimagistic variables and markers...
2016: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997262/a-10-year-evaluation-on-adolescents-with-anxiety-disorders-are-they-at-risk-of-bipolarity
#8
Andrea Aguglia, Andrea Di Stefano, Giuseppe Maina
OBJECTIVE: Anxiety disorders are the most frequent disorders comorbid with bipolar disorder (BD) often preceding the BD onset. The presence of comorbid anxiety in patients diagnosed with BD is associated with worsening of their BD symptoms, increased risky behaviour, decreased response to pharmacological treatment and deterioration in their quality of life and global functioning. The aim of this study was to investigate if anxiety disorders in adolescence could be considered as predictors of BD...
December 20, 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990195/resilience-and-life-expectations-of-perinatally-hiv-1-infected-adolescents-in-france
#9
Isabelle Funck-Brentano, Lambert Assoumou, Florence Veber, Despina Moshous, Pierre Frange, Stéphane Blanche
BACKGROUND: Resilience of perinatally HIV-infected youth in European countries is poorly studied. Life satisfaction and expectations for adulthood are rarely examined. OBJECTIVE: This cross-sectional, descriptive study of a French cohort of 54 perinatally HIV-infected adolescents raised in France (age 14-20 years) aimed to (1) evaluate their psychosocial adjustment, (2) identify their expectations for adulthood and (3) delineate risk and protective factors associated with mental health, life satisfaction, and HIV-1 viral load level...
2016: Open AIDS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981606/evaluation-of-cutaneous-findings-in-children-and-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-preliminary-study
#10
Hilal Kaya Erdogan, Saniye Tulin Fıdan, Isil Bulur, Tekden Karapınar, Zeynep Nurhan Saracoglu
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is characterized by attention, concentration, mobility, and impulse control problems and is among the most frequently seen psychiatric disorders during childhood. Our aim was to evaluate cutaneous findings in children and adolescents with ADHD. In our study we found that onychophagy, traumatic skin changes, atopy and related symptoms, certain birthmarks, and acne were frequent cutaneous findings in children with ADHD. Although a limitation is the lack of a control group, ADHD is very common, and our study suggests that further studies of cutaneous findings and ADHD are warranted...
December 16, 2016: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955838/risk-factors-for-diagnostic-delay-in-psychogenic-nonepileptic-seizures-among-children-and-adolescents
#11
Kette D Valente, Ruda Alessi, Silvia Vincentiis, Bernardo Dos Santos, Patricia Rzezak
BACKGROUND: This study aims to analyze a series of pediatric patients with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) to establish the diagnostic gap and possible risk factors for the delayed diagnosis in this age group. METHODS: We evaluated all children with PNES documented by video electroencephalography. None had a previous diagnosis of PNES. In total, we included 53 children (interquartile range: 7 to 17 years; mean age 12.81 years [S.D. 3.15]; 60.4% girls) who underwent a protocol consisting of neurological and psychiatric interviews...
November 9, 2016: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925499/non-adherence-to-psychotropic-medication-among-adolescents-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#12
Alexander Häge, Lisa Weymann, Lucia Bliznak, Viktoria Märker, Konstantin Mechler, Ralf W Dittmann
INTRODUCTION: Whether patients take their medication as prescribed is of increasing importance in adolescent psychiatry since both the number of efficacious pharmaceutical treatments and the rate of prescriptions of psychotropic compounds are on the rise. Previous research showed high rates of medication nonadherence among both adolescents with medical disorders and adult patients with psychiatric disorders. METHODS: The present review was performed according to PRISMA guidelines and evaluates existing scientific literature concerning adherence to psychotropic medication among adolescents...
December 7, 2016: Zeitschrift Für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923435/a-single-arm-pilot-trial-of-brief-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-insomnia-in-adolescents-with-physical-and-psychiatric-comorbidities
#13
Tonya M Palermo, Sarah Beals-Erickson, Maggie Bromberg, Emily Law, Maida Chen
STUDY OBJECTIVES: The majority of adolescents with chronic insomnia have physical health or psychiatric comorbidities; insomnia is also associated with greater negative daytime symptoms (e.g., depressive symptoms) and reduced overall health-related quality of life (HRQOL). However, to date, there has been limited attention to treatment of insomnia in this population. The purpose of this study was to determine the preliminary efficacy of a brief cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) intervention on sleep, psychological symptoms, and HRQOL outcomes in adolescents with insomnia and co-occurring physical or psychiatric comorbidities...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922239/predictors-of-self-esteem-in-adolescents-with-a-psychiatric-referral
#14
Devrim Akdemir, Tuna Çak, Cihan Aslan, Büşra Sultan Aydos, Kevser Nalbant, Füsun Çuhadaroğlu-Çetin
In the literature self-esteem is found to be lower in clinically referred adolescents compared to adolescents without any psychiatric disorder. The aim of this study is to examine self-esteem and associated socio-demographical and psychological factors in clinically referred adolescents in Turkey. Three hundred forty-nine adolescents aged between 12 and 18 years admitted to the Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry with a psychiatric complaint were enrolled. Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI), Parenting Style Scale (PSS) and Sense of Identity Assessment Form (SIAF) were used for the evaluation...
2016: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910804/sudden-cardiac-death-a-nationwide-cohort-study-among-the-young
#15
Bjarke Risgaard
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is a tragic event affecting millions of individuals worldwide. Although several studies have investigated the epidemiology of SCD, these studies may have been affected by reporting and referral biases, which are reflected in the very different incidence rates and causes of deaths that have previously been reported. Among SCD victims aged < 36 years, inherited cardiac diseases are well known to play an important role. However, the extent to which inherited cardiac diseases also play a role in SCD victims aged < 50 years has not been completely described...
December 2016: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909452/the-levels-of-cortisol-and-oxidative-stress-and-dna-damage-in-child-and-adolescent-victims-of-sexual-abuse-with-or-without-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#16
Şeref Şimşek, Tuğba Yüksel, İbrahim Kaplan, Cem Uysal, Hüseyin Aktaş
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate whether cortisol and oxidative stress levels and DNA damage differ between individuals who developed PTSD or not following a sexual trauma. METHODS: The study included 61 children aged between 5 and 17 years who sustained sexual abuse (M/F: 18/43). The patients were divided into two groups: patients with PTSD and patients without PTSD based, based on the results of a structured psychiatric interview (K-SADS-PL and CAPS-CA)...
November 2016: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901303/diagnostic-masking-and-overshadowing-in-intellectual-disability-how-structured-evaluation-helps
#17
Harshini Manohar, Karthick Subramanian, Preeti Kandasamy, Venkatalakshmi Penchilaiya, Anandbabu Arun
PROBLEM: Comorbid psychiatric diagnoses tend to be underdiagnosed in patients with intellectual disability. Diagnosing anxiety disorders in such patients can pose challenges, in particular with regard to obsessive and compulsive disorder (OCD). METHODS: We present the case of an adolescent diagnosed with intellectual disability with poor expressive language skills who presented with nonspecific mood and behavioral symptoms, not improving with routine clinical evaluations and treatment...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898426/maternal-depression-increases-childhood-dental-caries-a-cohort-study-in-brazil
#18
Gabriela Dos Santos Pinto, Luciana de Ávila Quevedo, Marcos Britto Correa, Marina Sousa Azevedo, Marília Leão Goettems, Ricardo Tavares Pinheiro, Flávio Fernando Demarco
AIM: To investigate the relationship between maternal depression and childhood caries in a cohort of adolescent mothers. METHODS: This cross-sectional study nested in a cohort evaluated a sample of 538 mother/child dyads. When the children were 24-36 months of age, data regarding oral health from children and mothers were collected by clinical dental examination. A mother's major depressive disorder was assessed by using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI [Plus]), at the current moment...
November 30, 2016: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885918/increased-deficits-in-emotion-recognition-and-regulation-in-children-and-adolescents-with-exogenous-obesity
#19
Ipek Percinel, Burcu Ozbaran, Sezen Kose, Damla Goksen Simsek, Sukran Darcan
OBJECTIVES: In this study we aimed to evaluate emotion recognition and emotion regulation skills of children with exogenous obesity between the ages of 11 and 18 years and compare them with healthy controls. METHODS: The Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School Aged Children was used for psychiatric evaluations. Emotion recognition skills were evaluated using Faces Test and Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test. The Difficulties in Emotions Regulation Scale was used for evaluating skills of emotion regulation...
December 21, 2016: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849405/psychiatric-symptoms-parental-attachment-and-reasons-for-use-as-correlates-of-heavy-substance-use-among-treatment-seeking-hispanic-adolescents
#20
Karina A Gattamorta, Alberto Varela, Brian E McCabe, Maite P Mena, Daniel A Santisteban
: In early adolescence, Hispanics self-report higher drug use rates compared to White and African American peers. Among adolescent users, heavy users have more negative behavioral and health consequences. The purpose of this cross-sectional study is to examine whether psychiatric symptoms, parental attachment, and reasons for use predict heavy alcohol and illicit drug use (more than 10 times in the past three months) among Hispanic adolescents. METHODS: This study examines baseline data from a study evaluating a family based substance abuse treatment program for Hispanic adolescents...
November 16, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
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