keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Psychiatric evaluation adolescent

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230699/predictive-psychiatric-genetic-testing-in-minors-an-exploration-of-the-non-medical-benefits
#1
Arianna Manzini, Danya F Vears
Predictive genetic testing for susceptibility to psychiatric conditions is likely to become part of standard practice. Because the onset of most psychiatric diseases is in late adolescence or early adulthood, testing minors could lead to early identification that may prevent or delay the development of these disorders. However, due to their complex aetiology, psychiatric genetic testing does not provide the immediate medical benefits that current guidelines require for testing minors. While several authors have argued non-medical benefits may play a crucial role in favour of predictive testing for other conditions, little research has explored such a role in psychiatric disorders...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199837/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-mini-international-neuropsychiatric-interview-for-children-and-adolescents-mini-kid
#2
Laura Duncan, Kathy Georgiades, Li Wang, Ryan J Van Lieshout, Harriet L MacMillan, Mark A Ferro, Ellen L Lipman, Peter Szatmari, Kathryn Bennett, Anna Kata, Magdalena Janus, Michael H Boyle
The goals of the study were to examine test-retest reliability, informant agreement and convergent and discriminant validity of nine DSM-IV-TR psychiatric disorders classified by parent and youth versions of the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview for Children and Adolescents (MINI-KID). Using samples drawn from the general population and child mental health outpatient clinics, 283 youth aged 9 to 18 years and their parents separately completed the MINI-KID with trained lay interviewers on two occasions 7 to 14 days apart...
December 4, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197214/nonsuicidal-self-injury-in-a-naturalistic-sample-of-adolescents-undergoing-inpatient-psychiatric-treatment-prevalence-gender-distribution-and-comorbidities
#3
Kathrin Sevecke, Astrid Bock, Lucas Fenzel, Manuela Gander, Martin Fuchs
BACKGROUND: A growing body of research points toward nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) in adolescents as an important and frequent health-related risk factor. In 2013, NSSI was proposed in section 3 of the DSM-5 as a new diagnostic entity warranting further study. In line with that goal, the present study was conducted in order to evaluate prevalence, gender distribution and comorbidities of NSSI in a sample of adolescent psychiatric inpatients. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study included 130 adolescents (mean age 15...
December 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197205/the-impact-of-anxiety-sensitivity-on-suicidality-in-adolescents-with-major-depressive-disorder
#4
Ayhan Bilgiç, Savaş Yilmaz, Sabri Hergüner
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the link between anxiety sensitivity (AS) and suicidality among adolescents with major depressive disorder; thus, there is a need to explore this relationship in order to fill the research gap. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to examine the association among AS and suicidal behaviour while taking into account the effects of potential third variables such as the presence of anxiety disorders and hopelessness in adolescents with major depressive disorder...
December 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193603/quality-of-life-in-adolescents-with-hepatitis-c-treated-with-sofosbuvir-and-ribavirin
#5
Zobair M Younossi, Maria Stepanova, Kathleen B Schwarz, Stefan Wirth, Philip Rosenthal, Regino Gonzalez-Peralta, Karen Murray, Linda Henry, Sharon Hunt
Chronic HCV infection has been associated with impairment of health-related quality of life (HRQL) in both adults and pediatric patients. Our aim was to assess the HRQL of HCV-positive children treated with SOF+RBV. The data for this post-hoc analysis was collected in a phase 2 open-label multinational study that evaluated safety and efficacy of sofosbuvir (400mg/day) plus ribavirin (weight-based up to 1400mg/day) for 12 or 24 weeks in adolescents with chronic HCV (GS-US-334-1112). Patients and their parents/guardians completed the PedsQL-4...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152735/6%C3%A2-hz-corneal-kindling-in-mice-triggers-neurobehavioral-comorbidities-accompanied-by-relevant-changes-in-c-fos-immunoreactivity-throughout-the-brain
#6
Giulia Albertini, Laura Walrave, Thomas Demuyser, Ann Massie, Dimitri De Bundel, Ilse Smolders
OBJECTIVE: Besides seizures, patients with epilepsy are affected by a variety of cognitive and psychiatric comorbidities that further impair their quality of life. The present study provides an in-depth characterization of the behavioral alterations induced by 6 Hz corneal kindling. Furthermore, we correlate these behavioral changes to alterations in c-Fos protein expression throughout the brain following kindling. METHODS: Adolescent male Naval Medical Research Institute (NMRI) mice were kindled via repetitive subconvulsive 6 Hz corneal stimulations until they reached the fully kindled state (defined as 10 consecutive generalized seizures)...
November 20, 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150753/psychological-aspects-of-obesity-in-children-and-adolescents
#7
Rajesh Sagar, Tanu Gupta
Childhood obesity is multi factorial health condition, so the simple evaluation of body fat will not be sufficed to manage the global epidemic of childhood obesity. Literature consistently provides evidence for physical health risks associated with childhood obesity; however in recent times, mental health of the obese children has also gained attention of the researchers as well as clinicians. Obese children experience number of psycho-social problems that significantly affect their quality of life and wellbeing...
November 18, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147785/qt-interval-and-dispersion-in-drug-free-anorexia-nervosa-adolescents-a-case-control-study
#8
Monica Bomba, Lucio Tremolizzo, Fabiola Corbetta, Franco Nicosia, Francesca Lanfranconi, Gianni Poggioli, Karine Goulene, Marco Stramba-Badiale, Elisa Conti, Francesca Neri, Renata Nacinovich
Long QT values have been reported in patients with anorexia nervosa of the restricting type (ANr) potentially increasing the risk of fatal arrhythmia, especially if psychotropic drug treatment is required. Nevertheless, the previous studies on this topic are biased by drug exposure, long disease durations, and small sample sizes. This study is aimed at assessing QTc and QTcd values in ANr adolescents with recent onset and drug free, as compared to subjects affected by psychiatric disorders other than ANr. We evaluated QTc and its dispersion (QTcd) in a population of 77 drug-free ANr female adolescents and compared to an equal number of healthy controls (H-CTRL) and pathological controls (P-CTRL, mixed psychiatric disorders)...
November 16, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131655/psychotropic-drug-prescription-in-adolescents-a-retrospective-study-in-a-swiss-psychiatric-university-hospital
#9
Nicolas Ansermot, Véronique Jordanov, Michal Smogur, Laurent Holzer, Chin B Eap
OBJECTIVES: This retrospective study aims to evaluate off-label prescriptions and administrations of psychotropic medications in adolescents in a university psychiatric hospital in Switzerland. METHODS: Data were collected during the entire stays from the electronic database for 76 inpatients in 2008 and 76 inpatients in 2014. Data collected included gender, age, psychiatric diagnosis, duration of hospitalization, and psychotropic drug prescriptions and administrations...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128195/-what-support-of-young-presenting-a-first-psychotic-episode-when-schooling-is-being-challenged
#10
M-N Vacheron, H Veyrat-Masson, E Wehbe
Psychiatric disorders (more specifically mood disorders and psychosis) represent the 1st cause of disability among young people. Unemployment rate between 75 to 95% for the person with schizophrenia. It is correlated to poor social integration and bad economic status, worse symptomatology loss of autonomy as well as global bad functioning. It is responsible of more than half of the overall cost of psychosis. The onset of most of psychiatric disorders occur between the age of 25 and 35 years old, a critical time in young adult life when they should build their professional as well as social future...
November 8, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126365/suicidal-ideation-suicide-attempts-and-psychological-distress-among-intoxicated-adolescents-in-the-pediatric-emergency-department
#11
Varpu Puuskari, Terhi Aalto-Setälä, Erkki Komulainen, Mauri Marttunen
BACKGROUND: Studies have emphasized screening for psychiatric disorders, especially suicide risk in emergency departments. Psychiatric disorders and experimentation with alcohol increase in adolescence and intoxications among patients challenge the staff in emergency departments. AIMS: This study examined the degree of suicidal ideation (SI) and suicidal behavior in adolescents, and the extent to which they differed from non-suicidal patients in terms of alcohol use, psychological distress, self-esteem, and perceived social support...
November 10, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125997/non-suicidal-self-injury-emotional-eating-and-insomnia-after-child-sexual-abuse-are-those-symptoms-related-to-emotion-regulation
#12
Esra Demirci
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article was to assess the effects of child sexual abuse (CSA) on emotion regulation (ER) in adolescents and to evaluate the relationships between non suicidal self-injury (NSSI), emotional eating, insomnia and emotion disregulation (ED). METHOD: Fifty two adolescents, aged 10-18 years, without who weren't diagnosed a psychiatric disease before abuse and completed 6-months of follow-up after abuse included the study. Control group consisted of 33 healthy voluntary participants without any known psychiatric disorders...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117922/depression-anxiety-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-among-youth-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-review-of-prevalence-and-treatment-interventions
#13
REVIEW
Swetha Yatham, Shalini Sivathasan, Rosalia Yoon, Tricia L da Silva, Arun V Ravindran
BACKGROUND: Low and middle income countries (LMICs) not only have the majority of the world's population but also the largest proportion of youth. Poverty, civil conflict and environmental stressors tend to be endemic in these countries and contribute to significant psychiatric morbidity, including depression, anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, mental health data from LMICs is scarce, particularly data on youth. Evaluation of such information is crucial for planning services and reducing the burden of disability...
October 31, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107398/the-stress-reward-mentalizing-model-of-depression-an-integrative-developmental-cascade-approach-to-child-and-adolescent-depressive-disorder-based-on-the-research-domain-criteria-rdoc-approach
#14
REVIEW
Patrick Luyten, Peter Fonagy
The Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) propose a much-needed change in approach to the study of vulnerability factors implicated in mental disorders, shifting away from a categorical, disease-oriented model to a dimensional approach that focuses on underlying systems implicated in psychopathology. In this paper we illustrate this approach with a focus on the emergence of depression in childhood and adolescence. Based on evolutionary biological and developmental psychopathology considerations, we present an integrative developmental cascade model of depression that essentially suggests that depression emerges out of a three-pronged series of interacting impairments in the domains of stress regulation, reward, and mentalizing...
October 9, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101589/the-behavioral-approach-system-bas-model-of-vulnerability-to-bipolar-disorder-evidence-of-a-continuum-in-bas-sensitivity-across-adolescence
#15
Richard T Liu, Taylor A Burke, Lyn Y Abramson, Lauren B Alloy
Behavioral Approach System (BAS) sensitivity has been implicated in the development of a variety of different psychiatric disorders. Prominent among these in the empirical literature are bipolar spectrum disorders (BSDs). Given that adolescence represents a critical developmental stage of risk for the onset of BSDs, it is important to clarify the latent structure of BAS sensitivity in this period of development. A statistical approach especially well-suited for delineating the latent structure of BAS sensitivity is taxometric analysis, which is designed to evaluate whether the latent structure of a construct is taxonic (i...
November 4, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099545/evaluation-of-the-body-parts-that-preoccupy-adolescents-with-body-dysmorphic-disorder
#16
Mohammad Jafferany, Ferdnand C Osuagwu
Objective: To evaluate which body parts preoccupy adolescents with body dysmorphic disorder (BDD). Methods: Patients admitted to an inpatient psychiatric hospital who agreed to take part in the study completed the Body Dysmorphic Disorder Questionnaire (child and adolescent version) and Body Dysmorphic Disorder Diagnostic Module. Patients also completed a questionnaire that addressed age at onset, coping strategies, history of sexual abuse, amount of time patients spent thinking about their perceived defects, and the area of the body that the participants were preoccupied with and the specific coping strategy used...
October 26, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098870/outcomes-of-inpatient-psychiatric-treatment-for-adolescents-a-multiple-perspectives-evaluation
#17
YingMin Lee, Peter Martin, Pippa Hembry, Simon Lewis
Adolescent inpatient psychiatric treatment was evaluated from the multiple perspectives of clinicians, young people and parents using standardised measures and goal-based outcomes (GBOs). The sample included cases ( N = 128) discharged from a London adolescent unit between April 2009 and December 2015. Measures were completed at admission and discharge, and change in ratings was analysed to assess treatment outcomes. Ratings of clinicians and young people on the Health of the Nation Outcome Scales for Children and Adolescents (HoNOSCA) were compared...
November 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098186/chronic-adolescent-%C3%AE-9-tetrahydrocannabinol-treatment-of-male-mice-leads-to-long-term-cognitive-and-behavioral-dysfunction-which-are-prevented-by-concurrent-cannabidiol-treatment
#18
Michelle Murphy, Sierra Mills, Joanna Winstone, Emma Leishman, Jim Wager-Miller, Heather Bradshaw, Ken Mackie
Introduction: The high prevalence of adolescent cannabis use, the association between this use and later psychiatric disease, and increased access to high-potency cannabis highlight the need for a better understanding of the long-term effects of adolescent cannabis use on cognitive and behavioral outcomes. Furthermore, increasing Δ(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) in high-potency cannabis is accompanied by a decrease in cannabidiol (CBD), thus an understanding of the interactions between CBD and THC in the neurodevelopmental effects of THC is also important...
2017: Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078153/comorbidity-classes-and-associated-impairment-demographics-and-9-11-exposures-in-8-236-children-and-adolescents
#19
Lupo Geronazzo-Alman, Guia Guffanti, Ruth Eisenberg, Bin Fan, George J Musa, Judith Wicks, Michaeline Bresnahan, Cristiane S Duarte, Christina Hoven
The extensive comorbidity of psychiatric disorders in children and adolescents leads to clinical heterogeneity, and is an often-overlooked issue in etiopathogenic and treatment studies in developmental psychopathology. In a representative sample (N=8236) of New York City public school students assessed six months after 9/11, latent class analysis was applied to 48 symptoms across seven disorders: posttraumatic stress, agoraphobia, separation anxiety, panic disorder, generalized anxiety (GAD), major depression (MDD) and conduct disorder (CD)...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069111/suicidality-in-psychiatrically-hospitalized-children-and-adolescents-demographics-treatment-and-outcome
#20
Eric T Dobson, Brooks R Keeshin, Anna M Wehry, Shannon N Saldaña, Lekha R Mukkamala, Michael T Sorter, Melissa P DelBello, Thomas J Blom, Jeffrey R Strawn
BACKGROUND: Despite the high prevalence of suicidality in psychiatrically hospitalized youth, its risk factors and impact on inpatient psychopharmacologic treatment are unknown. We identified characteristics associated with suicidality in psychiatrically hospitalized youth and determined the association of suicidality with subsequent psychopharmacologic interventions. METHODS: Medical records from consecutive psychiatric admissions to a large, acute care, urban, pediatric hospital were analyzed retrospectively (N = 1,309)...
November 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
keyword
keyword
98940
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"