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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414540/psychiatric-symptoms-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-children-with-epilepsy-and-their-mothers
#1
Ayhan Bilgiç, Ümit Işık, Rukiye Sivri Çolak, Hatice Derin, Hüseyin Çaksen
PURPOSE: This study evaluated the psychiatric symptoms and health-related quality of life (HRQL) of children with epilepsy and psychiatric symptoms of their mothers, and compared them to those of healthy children and their mothers. This study also explored the influence of the child-related and maternal psychiatric variables and seizure-specific factors on the HRQLs of children with epilepsy according to both the children's and parents' perspectives. METHOD: Ninety-nine children with epilepsy (8 to 17years old), their mothers, and a control group (n=51) participated in this study...
February 1, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413144/sexual-risk-behavior-among-youth-with-bipolar-disorder-identifying-demographic-and-clinical-risk-factors
#2
Megan Krantz, Tina Goldstein, Brian Rooks, John Merranko, Fangzi Liao, Mary Kay Gill, Rasim Diler, Danella Hafeman, Neal Ryan, Benjamin Goldstein, Shirley Yen, Heather Hower, Jeffrey Hunt, Martin Keller, Michael Strober, David Axelson, Boris Birmaher
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to document rates of sexual activity among youth with bipolar spectrum disorder (BD) and to examine demographic and clinical factors associated with first sexual activity and sexual risk behavior during follow-up. METHOD: The sample was drawn from the Course and Outcome of Bipolar Youth (COBY) study of 413 youth 7 to 17 years at baseline who met criteria for bipolar spectrum disorder according to the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Aged Children...
February 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403129/psychological-dissection-of-patients-having-dissociative-disorder-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Lohit Somashekar Reddy, N M Patil, Raghavendra B Nayak, Sameeran S Chate, Saba Ansari
Background: Patients present with dissociative disorders as a decompensation to underlying stressful situation. It is clinically important to evaluate the presence, type, and temporal relation of the stressors resulting in dissociation. Further knowing the sociodemographic and psychological profile of the dissociative patient helps in better management. Materials and Methods: The study included 55 dissociative patients aged between 5 to 45 years. Psychiatric diagnosis was made using ICD-10 DCR...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398747/effects-of-folic-acid-on-appetite-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-treated-with-methylphenidate-a-randomized-double-blind-clinical-trial
#4
Forough Riahi, Ashraf Tashakori, Ghazal Salehi Vanani
Background: The highly effective medications in treating attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms are stimulants like methylphenidate. However, they have adverse effects like reduced appetite. We investigated the effects of folic acid on reduced appetite caused by the use of methylphenidate in children with ADHD. Methods: This randomized double-blind clinical trial evaluated 70 outpatients, aged between 6 and 12 years, with a diagnosis of ADHD. The children were recruited from the Outpatient Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinic of Golestan Hospital (Ahwaz, Iran) between 2016 and 2017...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397667/efficacy-and-safety-profile-of-risperidone-long-acting-injection-in-adolescents-in-a-real-life-setting
#5
Ulku Akyol Ardic, Mustafa Küçükköse, Sevim Berrin Inci, Eyüp Sabri Ercan
Objective: Risperidone long-acting injection (RLAI) was shown to be an alternative option in adult patients, but there is not available data in child and adolescents about this medication. The aim of this study is to evaluate the safety and efficiency profile of RLAI in a group of adolescents. Methods: Eleven cases with conduct disorder and severe aggressive behaviors were initiated treatment with risperidone oral form. All cases were then shifted to RLAI 25 mg injection in each 15 days due to poor compliance to oral risperidone treatment...
February 28, 2018: Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience: the Official Scientific Journal of the Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397078/time-frequency-reward-related-delta-prospectively-predicts-the-development-of-adolescent-onset-depression
#6
Brady D Nelson, Zachary P Infantolino, Daniel N Klein, Greg Perlman, Roman Kotov, Greg Hajcak
BACKGROUND: A blunted reward positivity (RewP), an event-related potential elicited by feedback indicating monetary gain relative to loss, was recently shown to prospectively predict the development of adolescent-onset depression. Time-frequency-based representations of this activity (e.g., reward-related delta) have also been associated with depression. This study is a reanalysis of the time-domain RewP investigation to examine the incremental value of time-frequency indices in the prediction of adolescent-onset depression...
January 2018: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390592/unusual-brain-images-of-a-boy-with-adolescent-cerebral-x-linked-adrenoleukodystrophy-presenting-with-exhibitionism-a-care-compliant-case-report
#7
Feixia Zheng, Zhongdong Lin, Xiuyun Ye, Xulai Shi
RATIONALE: The respective involvements of both the thalamus and exhibitionism in cerebral X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy (X-ALD) have not been reported. PATIENT CONCERNS: An 11-year-old boy initially presented with exhibitionism and progressive neurobehavioral symptoms. He subsequently developed transient urinary and fecal incontinence, and an unwillingness to eat or communicate. DIAGNOSES: We conducted contrast-enhanced brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), which revealed symmetrical altered signal intensities in bilateral frontal white matter, the basal ganglia, and dorsal thalami, as well as a peripheral rim of contrast enhancement...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382903/developmental-delays-and-psychiatric-diagnoses-are-elevated-in-offspring-staying-in-prisons-with-their-mothers
#8
Meryem Ozlem Kutuk, Ebru Altintas, Ali Evren Tufan, Gulen Guler, Betul Aslan, Nurgul Aytan, Ozgur Kutuk
The aim of the study was to describe the sociodemographic and clinical features of the mothers and their offspring staying with them in prison. The study was planned as a cross-sectional, single-center study of mothers residing in Tarsus Closed Women's Prison of Turkish Ministry of Justice along with their 0 to 6 years old offspring. Mothers were evaluated via Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders. A psychologist blind to maternal evaluations applied the Denver Developmental Screening Test II (DII-DST)...
January 30, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379560/evaluating-of-psychiatric-behavior-in-obese-children-and-adolescents
#9
Fatemeh Moharei, Samaneh Norooziasl, Fatemeh Behdani, Nosrat Ghaemi
Objective: Obesity is a medical condition that may have a harmful effect on health, leading to increased illness and reduced life expectancy. This studyaimed to evaluate the relationship of psychiatry disorders in overweight and obese children and adolescents. Materials & Methods: In this case-control study, 160 children and adolescent were enrolled refereed to Clinic of Pediatric Endocrinology, Imam Reza hospital, Mashhad, Iran in 2009-2011. The sampling method of this study was non-probability and biased...
2018: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369039/genetic-and-environmental-contributions-of-negative-valence-systems-to-internalizing-pathways
#10
Jennifer L Cecilione, Lance M Rappaport, Shannon E Hahn, Audrey E Anderson, Laura E Hazlett, Jason R Burchett, Ashlee A Moore, Jeanne E Savage, John M Hettema, Roxann Roberson-Nay
The genetic and environmental contributions of negative valence systems (NVS) to internalizing pathways study (also referred to as the Adolescent and Young Adult Twin Study) was designed to examine varying constructs of the NVS as they relate to the development of internalizing disorders from a genetically informed perspective. The goal of this study was to evaluate genetic and environmental contributions to potential psychiatric endophenotypes that contribute to internalizing psychopathology by studying adolescent and young adult twins longitudinally over a 2-year period...
February 2018: Twin Research and Human Genetics: the Official Journal of the International Society for Twin Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363929/best-practices-in-managing-child-and-adolescent-behavioral-health-emergencies-digest
#11
Vera Feuer, Joshua Rocker, Babar M Saggu, Jason M Andrus, Molly Wormley
Behavioral health emergencies most commonly present as depression, suicidal behavior, aggression, and severe disorganization. Emergency clinicians should avoid relying solely on past medical history or previous psychiatric diagnoses that might prematurely rule out medical pathologies. Treatments for behavioral health emergencies consist of de-escalation interventions aimed at preventing agitation, aggression, and harm. This issue reviews medical pathologies and underlying causes that can result in psychiatric presentations and summarizes evidence-based practices to evaluate, manage, and refer patients with behavioral health emergencies...
January 22, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Medicine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334851/what-are-the-psychosocial-factors-associated-with-migraine-in-the-child-comorbid-psychiatric-disorders-family-functioning-parenting-style-or-mom-s-psychiatric-symptoms
#12
Gozde Kandemir, Selma Tural Hesapcioglu, Aysegül N Citak Kurt
OBJECTIVE: Psychiatric diagnoses, parenting style, family functioning among children and adolescents with migraine, and psychiatric symptoms of their mothers were examined. METHODS: The K-SADS and other measurements were used to assess psychiatric disorders in 50 children with migraine (aged 8-18) and matched 50 controls. RESULTS: At least one psychiatric disorder was diagnosed in 56% of the migraine group. The presence of any psychiatric disorder in children (odds ratio [OR] = 2...
February 2018: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325731/pharmacogenomic-testing-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-an-evidence-based-review
#13
Anna M Wehry, Laura Ramsey, Shane E Dulemba, Sarah A Mossman, Jeffrey R Strawn
Significant advances have been made in the application of pharmacogenomic testing for the treatment of patients with psychiatric disorders. Over the past decade, a number of studies have evaluated the utility of pharmacogenomic testing in pediatric patients with psychiatric disorders. The evidence base for pharmacogenomic testing in youth with depressive and anxiety disorders as well as attention/deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is reviewed in this article. General pharmacogenomic principles are summarized and functional polymorphisms in P450 enzymes (and associated metabolizer phenotypes), the serotonin transporter promoter polymorphisms, serotonin 2 A receptor genes (e...
January 8, 2018: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311249/engaging-families-in-the-management-of-adolescent-self-harm
#14
REVIEW
Shilpa Aggarwal, George Patton
Adolescent self-harm is an emerging public health challenge. It is associated with later psychiatric and substance use disorders, unemployment and suicide. Family interventions have been effective in a range of adolescent mental health problems and for that reason were reviewed for their effectiveness in the management of adolescent self-harm. The search identified 10 randomised and 2 non-randomised controlled trial conducted in the high-income countries. For the most part the evidence is of low quality. The interventions were classified as brief single session, intermediate-level and intensive family interventions depending on the intensity and duration of treatment...
February 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303800/prescribing-trends-of-atypical-antipsychotic-drugs-in-an-outpatient-unit-of-a-child-and-adolescent-clinic-in-turkey
#15
Çiğdem Yektaş, Ali Evren Tufan
OBJECTIVE: Use of antipsychotic agents in the management of various psychopathologies in Child and Adolescent Psychiatric practice is gradually increasing. This study aimed to evaluate the sociodemographic and clinical features of children and adolescents who applied to an outpatient clinic of child and adolescent psychiatry department in Turkey and were prescribed atypical antipsychotics. METHOD: Patients with prescription codes of ATC N05A (except N05AN lithium) were accepted to denote those with atypical antipsychotic treatment...
January 5, 2018: Clinical Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301613/testing-olfactory-function-and-mapping-the-structural-olfactory-networks-in-the-brain
#16
Alexander Fjældstad
We perceive the world through our senses. The dependence on these sensory stimuli becomes obvious when we see a visually impaired individual with a guide dog or an individual using sign language. However, individuals with olfactory deficits suffer from a more concealed impairment without any opportunity for diagnostics or treatment in the Danish healthcare system. Around a fifth of the population experience olfactory deficits, of which 1-2% are functionally anosmic. The personal consequences for anosmics can be extensive, lacking not only in hedonic yield related to eating and drinking, but also the socialization during dinners can become niggling...
January 2018: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289902/symptoms-of-anxiety-and-depression-and-family-s-quality-of-life-in-children-and-adolescents-with-epilepsy
#17
Carlo Cianchetti, Elisa Bianchi, Renzo Guerrini, Maria Giuseppina Baglietto, Marilena Briguglio, Simona Cappelletti, Susanna Casellato, Giovanni Crichiutti, Rosa Lualdi, Lucia Margari, Antonino Romeo, Ettore Beghi
INTRODUCTION: We studied children and adolescents with epilepsy (CAWE) and their families to evaluate symptoms of anxiety and depression, quality of life (QoL), and their correlations with epilepsy characteristics. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 326 (52.5% females) 8 to 18years old CAWE. Anxiety and depression were assessed with the "Self-administered psychiatric scales for children and adolescents" (SAFA), and family's QoL with the parents' report "Impact of Epilepsy on QoL" (IEQoL)...
December 28, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278932/correspondence-and-cluster-analysis-of-free-drawn-clocks-in-a-group-of-children-and-adolescents-with-neurological-and-psychiatric-diseases
#18
Izabela Kaczmarek, Paweł Kleka, Piotr Fliciński, Barbara Steinborn
The present work addresses the identification and qualitative assessment of errors that appear in a free-drawn clock-drawing test representing the time 8:20 in a sample of 455 children and adolescents with neurological diseases and their controls. The authors sought to verify whether the occurrence of particular errors in the clock drawings significantly differentiates the clinical groups. For statistical evaluation of the results, we applied correspondence analysis and cluster analysis. The results of the study showed that three types of errors played an important role in the differentiation of the groups: spatial neglect, mirror reflection, and phonological depletion...
December 26, 2017: Developmental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277947/parental-involvement-in-adolescent-depression-interventions-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-clinical-trials
#19
REVIEW
Latefa Ali Dardas, Brittney van de Water, Leigh Ann Simmons
Despite the widespread research recommendations for psychiatric nurses and other mental health professionals to include parents in adolescent depression treatment, no systematic reviews have yet synthesized the findings from intervention studies that included parents in the treatment and/or prevention of adolescent depression. Therefore, this systematic review was conducted to (i) identify and describe clinical trials that included parents as an integral component of adolescent depression interventions, (ii) examine the effectiveness of these trials in reducing depressive symptoms, and (iii) evaluate their methodological quality...
December 25, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261480/best-practices-in-managing-child-and-adolescent-behavioral-health-emergencies
#20
Vera Feuer, Joshua Rocker, Babar M Saggu, Jason M Andrus
Behavioral health emergencies most commonly present as depression, suicidal behavior, aggression, and severe disorganization. Emergency clinicians should avoid relying solely on past medical history or previous psychiatric diagnoses that might prematurely rule out medical pathologies. Treatments for behavioral health emergencies consist of de-escalation interventions aimed at preventing agitation, aggression, and harm. This issue reviews medical pathologies and underlying causes that can result in psychiatric presentations and summarizes evidence-based practices to evaluate, manage, and refer patients with behavioral health emergencies...
January 2018: Pediatric Emergency Medicine Practice
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