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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922239/predictors-of-self-esteem-in-adolescents-with-a-psychiatric-referral
#1
Devrim Akdemir, Tuna Çak, Cihan Aslan, Büşra Sultan Aydos, Kevser Nalbant, Füsun Çuhadaroğlu-Çetin
In the literature self-esteem is found to be lower in clinically referred adolescents compared to adolescents without any psychiatric disorder. The aim of this study is to examine self-esteem and associated socio-demographical and psychological factors in clinically referred adolescents in Turkey. Three hundred forty-nine adolescents aged between 12 and 18 years admitted to the Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry with a psychiatric complaint were enrolled. Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI), Parenting Style Scale (PSS) and Sense of Identity Assessment Form (SIAF) were used for the evaluation...
2016: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910804/sudden-cardiac-death-a-nationwide-cohort-study-among-the-young
#2
Bjarke Risgaard
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is a tragic event affecting millions of individuals worldwide. Although several studies have investigated the epidemiology of SCD, these studies may have been affected by reporting and referral biases, which are reflected in the very different incidence rates and causes of deaths that have previously been reported. Among SCD victims aged < 36 years, inherited cardiac diseases are well known to play an important role. However, the extent to which inherited cardiac diseases also play a role in SCD victims aged < 50 years has not been completely described...
December 2016: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909452/the-levels-of-cortisol-and-oxidative-stress-and-dna-damage-in-child-and-adolescent-victims-of-sexual-abuse-with-or-without-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#3
Şeref Şimşek, Tuğba Yüksel, İbrahim Kaplan, Cem Uysal, Hüseyin Aktaş
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate whether cortisol and oxidative stress levels and DNA damage differ between individuals who developed PTSD or not following a sexual trauma. METHODS: The study included 61 children aged between 5 and 17 years who sustained sexual abuse (M/F: 18/43). The patients were divided into two groups: patients with PTSD and patients without PTSD based, based on the results of a structured psychiatric interview (K-SADS-PL and CAPS-CA)...
November 2016: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901303/diagnostic-masking-and-overshadowing-in-intellectual-disability-how-structured-evaluation-helps
#4
Harshini Manohar, Karthick Subramanian, Preeti Kandasamy, Venkatalakshmi Penchilaiya, Anandbabu Arun
PROBLEM: Comorbid psychiatric diagnoses tend to be underdiagnosed in patients with intellectual disability. Diagnosing anxiety disorders in such patients can pose challenges, in particular with regard to obsessive and compulsive disorder (OCD). METHODS: We present the case of an adolescent diagnosed with intellectual disability with poor expressive language skills who presented with nonspecific mood and behavioral symptoms, not improving with routine clinical evaluations and treatment...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898426/maternal-depression-increases-childhood-dental-caries-a-cohort-study-in-brazil
#5
Gabriela Dos Santos Pinto, Luciana de Ávila Quevedo, Marcos Britto Correa, Marina Sousa Azevedo, Marília Leão Goettems, Ricardo Tavares Pinheiro, Flávio Fernando Demarco
AIM: To investigate the relationship between maternal depression and childhood caries in a cohort of adolescent mothers. METHODS: This cross-sectional study nested in a cohort evaluated a sample of 538 mother/child dyads. When the children were 24-36 months of age, data regarding oral health from children and mothers were collected by clinical dental examination. A mother's major depressive disorder was assessed by using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI [Plus]), at the current moment...
November 30, 2016: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885918/increased-deficits-in-emotion-recognition-and-regulation-in-children-and-adolescents-with-exogenous-obesity
#6
Ipek Percinel, Burcu Ozbaran, Sezen Kose, Damla Goksen Simsek, Sukran Darcan
OBJECTIVES: In this study we aimed to evaluate emotion recognition and emotion regulation skills of children with exogenous obesity between ages of 11 and 18 years and compare them with healthy controls. METHODS: Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School Aged Children, were used for psychiatric evaluations. Emotion recognition skills were evaluated using Faces Test and Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test. Difficulties in Emotions Regulation Scale was used for evaluating skills of emotion regulation...
November 25, 2016: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849405/psychiatric-symptoms-parental-attachment-and-reasons-for-use-as-correlates-of-heavy-substance-use-among-treatment-seeking-hispanic-adolescents
#7
Karina A Gattamorta, Alberto Varela, Brian E McCabe, Maite P Mena, Daniel A Santisteban
: In early adolescence, Hispanics self-report higher drug use rates compared to White and African American peers. Among adolescent users, heavy users have more negative behavioral and health consequences. The purpose of this cross-sectional study is to examine whether psychiatric symptoms, parental attachment, and reasons for use predict heavy alcohol and illicit drug use (more than 10 times in the past three months) among Hispanic adolescents. METHODS: This study examines baseline data from a study evaluating a family based substance abuse treatment program for Hispanic adolescents...
November 16, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842975/-impact-of-anxiety-disorders-on-quality-of-life-of-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-without-intellectual-disability
#8
M Broquere, M Soussana, C Michelon, C Rattaz, J Brisot, A Baghdadli
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of anxiety disorders has been recently estimated at 42 % in a population of adolescents with autism spectrum disorder without intellectual disability. This rate is more than two times higher than in adolescents without developmental disorders (around 20 %). Besides, according to recent studies, the quality of life of adolescents with ASD without mental retardation seems to be lower than adolescents with typical development. We guess that anxiety disorders may be responsible for a low quality of life in adolescents with ASD...
November 11, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836370/long-term-results-of-the-duhamel-technique-are-superior-to-those-of-the-transanal-pullthrough-a-study-of-fecal-continence-and-quality-of-life
#9
Ana Cristina Aoun Tannuri, Mariana Aparecida Elisei Ferreira, Arthur Loguetti Mathias, Uenis Tannuri
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The Duhamel and transanal pull-through (TAPT) techniques have been commonly used for the treatment of children with Hirschsprung disease (HD). However, despite adequate treatment, some patients present with fecal incontinence that severely affects the quality of life (QoL) and lead to psychiatric disorders. The objectives of the present study were to evaluate, through previously adapted questionnaires, the incidence of fecal incontinence and the quality of life (QoL) of children with HD who underwent Duhamel or TAPT techniques...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825782/failure-to-maintain-set-as-a-predictor-of-childhood-depression-within-a-children-s-psychiatric-inpatient-sample
#10
Brian C Kavanaugh, Charles E Gaudet, Jennifer A Dupont-Frechette, Perrin P Tellock, Isolde D Maher, Lauren D Haisley, Karen A Holler
Despite a wealth of studies in adults and adolescents, only a handful of studies have examined executive function in childhood depression. This study utilized retrospective chart review of a children's psychiatric inpatient program to evaluate executive function via Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) in 33 children (6-12 years old) with a depressive disorder and 61 age/sex-matched children without a depressive disorder referred for neuropsychological evaluation. WCST categories, perseverative errors, and failure to maintain set errors were examined as potential predictors of depressive disorder diagnosis and self-reported depressive symptoms...
November 1, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824634/the-differential-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-catatonia-in-children-and-adolescents
#11
Aaron J Hauptman, Sheldon Benjamin
LEARNING OBJECTIVES: After participating in this activity, learners should be better able to:• Assess the etiologies associated with catatonia in children and adolescents• Evaluate the differential diagnosis of pediatric catatonia• Interpret the literature regarding the treatment of children and adolescents with catatonia OBJECTIVE: Pediatric catatonia is associated with many medical and psychiatric conditions. Mortality is high, and proper treatment can be lifesaving. Catatonia is increasingly recognized in pediatric populations, in which about 20% of cases are related to underlying medical conditions...
November 2016: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803715/knowledge-and-attitude-of-parents-of-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-towards-the-illness
#12
Shahrokh Amiri, Ali Reza Shafiee-Kandjani, Seyed Gholamreza Noorazar, Sina Rahmani Ivrigh, Salman Abdi
BACKGROUND: The knowledge and attitude of parents about attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a public health issue in which management and rehabilitation approaches may be influenced. OBJECTIVES: The current study aimed to evaluate the knowledge and attitude of the parents of children with ADHD towards this disorder in Tabriz, Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The current cross-sectional study evaluated 295 parents of children and adolescents with ADHD referred to psychiatric clinics of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences...
June 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800012/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-depression-symptoms-among-school-going-adolescents-in-central-uganda
#13
Joyce Nalugya-Sserunjogi, Godfrey Zari Rukundo, Emilio Ovuga, Steven M Kiwuwa, Seggane Musisi, Etheldreda Nakimuli-Mpungu
BACKGROUND: Depression in adolescents constitutes a global public health concern. However, data on its prevalence and associated factors are limited in low income countries like Uganda. METHODS: Using a cross-sectional descriptive study design, 519 adolescent students in 4 secondary schools in Mukono district, Uganda, were randomly selected after meeting study criteria. The 4 school types were: boarding mixed (boys and girls) school; day mixed school; girls' only boarding school; and, boys' only boarding school...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785581/perinatal-complications-lipid-peroxidation-and-mental-health-problems-in-a-large-community-pediatric-sample
#14
Rodrigo B Mansur, Graccielle R Cunha, Elson Asevedo, André Zugman, Adiel C Rios, Giovanni A Salum, Pedro M Pan, Ary Gadelha, Mateus L Levandowski, Síntia I Belangero, Gisele G Manfro, Laura Stertz, Márcia Kauer-Sant'anna, Eurípedes C Miguel, Rodrigo A Bressan, Jair J Mari, Rodrigo Grassi-Oliveira, Elisa Brietzke
Replicated evidence indicates that perinatal complications are associated with increased markers of oxidative stress and with mental health problems in children. However, there are fewer reports on the impact of perinatal complications in later phases of development. We aimed to investigate the estimated effects of perinatal complications on levels of lipid peroxidation and on psychopathology in children and adolescents. The study is part of the High Risk Cohort Study for Psychiatric Disorders; the population was composed by 554 students, 6-14 years of age...
October 26, 2016: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776623/evidence-based-treatment-options-in-cannabis-dependency
#15
Lisa Walther, Andreas Gantner, Andreas Heinz, Tomislav Majić
BACKGROUND: Now that the consumption of natural and synthetic cannabinoids is becoming more widespread, the specific treatment of cannabis-related disturbances is an increasingly important matter. There are many therapeutic options, and it is not always clear which ones are evidence-based and appropriate for use in a given clinical situation. METHODS: This review is based on reports of pertinent randomized and controlled trials (RCTs) that were retrieved by a selective search in the PubMed and Cochrane databases...
September 30, 2016: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27758158/concussion-like-symptom-reporting-in-non-concussed-adolescent-athletes
#16
Breton M Asken, Aliyah R Snyder, M Seth Smith, Jason L Zaremski, Russell M Bauer
OBJECTIVE: The primary goals of this study were (1) to report rates of concussion-like symptoms in healthy adolescent student athletes assessed using the Sport Concussion Assessment Tool, 3rd edition (SCAT3) at baseline, (2) to examine rates of psychiatric diagnoses in this population, and (3) to evaluate effects of baseline symptoms on SCAT3 cognitive and balance performance. METHODS: 349 adolescent student athletes (245 male) were administered the SCAT3 during pre-participation physical examinations...
October 19, 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752345/an-acute-in-patient-psychiatric-service-for-16-to-17-year-old-adolescents-in-the-uk-a-descriptive-evaluation
#17
Venu Duddu, Abdulhakim Rhouma, Masood Qureshi, Imran Bashir Chaudhry, Terry Drake, Altaf Sumra, Nusrat Husain
Aims and method The need for an age-appropriate in-patient service for 16- to 17-year-olds led to the development of a 6-bed acute admissions unit in a non-metropolitan county in the UK. We provide a descriptive evaluation of the first 2 years of its operation. All admissions from April 2010 to March 2012 were reviewed, clinical details systematically recorded and descriptively analysed. Results Ninety-seven young people were admitted during this period (a third were compulsorily detained under the Mental Health Act 1983)...
October 2016: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745718/-the-alexithymia-questionnaire-for-children-aqc-psychometric-properties-in-a-sample-of-105-adolescents-hospitalized-in-an-adolescent-psychiatric-department
#18
M Delhaye, F Orts, F Bury, G Loas
OBJECTIVE: The 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20) is the most widely used measure of alexithymia in non-clinical or clinical populations. The TAS-20 evaluates three dimensions of the alexithymia construct: the difficulty identifying feelings (DIF), the difficulty describing feelings (DDF) and externally oriented thinking (EOT). The TAS-20 is also used in adolescents or children, and the psychometric properties of the scale have not been systematically evaluated in these populations...
October 10, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709108/familial-and-clinical-correlates-in-depressed-adolescents-with-borderline-personality-disorder-traits
#19
Jean-Marc Guilé, Christophe Huynh, Jean-Jacques Breton, Sébastien Garny De La Rivière, Claude Berthiaume, Marie St-Georges, Réal Labelle
INTRODUCTION: Chart review is a low-cost, but highly informative, method to describe symptoms, treatment, and risk factors associated with borderline personality disorder (BPD) and to adapt screening and intervention to clinical reality. Previous chart review studies report more aggressiveness/anger and psychotic features in youths with BPD. They show that adverse family environment and parental psychopathology constitute important factors for BPD pathology. OBJECTIVES: To examine clinical characteristics of depressed BPD adolescents (12-17 years old) outpatients according to gender and to explore variables which are associated with BPD traits...
2016: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703435/ecological-momentary-assessment-and-smartphone-application-intervention-in-adolescents-with-substance-use-and-comorbid-severe-psychiatric-disorders-study-protocol
#20
Xavier Benarous, Yves Edel, Angèle Consoli, Julie Brunelle, Jean-François Etter, David Cohen, Yasser Khazaal
CONTEXT: Substance use disorders (SUDs) are highly prevalent among inpatient adolescents with psychiatric disorders. In this population, substance use and other psychiatric outcomes can reinforce one another. Despite the need for integrated interventions in youths with dual diagnoses, few specific instruments are available. App-based technologies have shown promising results to help reduce substance use in adolescents, but their applicability in youths with associated severe psychiatric disorders is poorly documented...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
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