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Child psychiatry interviewing

A-C Robertz, G Rudolfsson
: WHAT IS KNOWN ABOUT THE SUBJECT?: There is little research on the implementation of tactile massage in child and adolescent psychiatry that describes children's and adolescents' experiences and outcomes. There is also limited knowledge of providing tactile massage in child and adolescent psychiatry. WHAT DOES THIS PAPER ADD TO EXISTING KNOWLEDGE?: This paper describes 10 nurses' experiences of tactile massage as a nursing intervention in child and adolescent psychiatry. The nurses considered tactile massage a non-verbal nursing intervention that could complement other available treatments...
October 2016: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
Thomas Eugene Bertorelli
Although neuroimaging is currently not a component of the diagnostic process for autism spectrum disorders, some scientists hail these technologies for their promise to one day replace behaviorally based psychiatric diagnostic techniques. This article examines how psychiatrists understand the potential use of neuroimaging technologies within the context of clinical practice. Drawing on 10 semi-structured interviews with child and adolescent psychiatrists, I describe the hope and doubt that comprise their discourse of ambivalence...
September 2016: Health (London)
Şeref Şimşek, Veli Yıldırım, Abdullah Çim, Savaş Kaya
OBJECTIVE: In this study, it was aimed to understand the underlying possible immunopathogenesis of first episode, early onset schizophrenia (EOS) through profiling the T helper 1 (Th1) cell cytokines TNF-α, IFN-γ, and IL-2, Th2 cell cytokines IL-4 and IL-10, Th17 cell cytokine IL-17A, and inflammatory cytokine IL-6. METHODS: The study included a total of 30 children, admitted to child psychiatry outpatient clinic aged between 10 and 17 years of age, who had not received prior therapy and were diagnosed with psychosis according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (DSM-IV) as the patient group, and 26 age- and gender-matched children as the control group...
July 6, 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
Sergio V Delgado, Drew H Barzman
The current adult and child forensic psychiatrist is well trained, familiar, and comfortable with the use of the semi-structured Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition, APA 2013 (DSM-5) [In APA, 2003] interview style. The author's assertion is not that this method is invalid or unreliable; rather, that it can be complemented by integrating elements of the defendant's four pillar assessment. Assessing the four pillars expands on the information provided by a semi-structured DSM-5-style interview in psychiatry...
June 11, 2016: Psychiatric Quarterly
Gil Zalsman, Gal Shoval, Ivonne Mansbach-Kleinfeld, Ilana Farbstein, Rasim Kanaaneh, Gad Lubin, Alan Apter
Community and nationwide surveys on adolescent suicidal behaviors using clinical interviews are not abundant. Rates of self-reported suicide attempts in community samples vary greatly between 1 and 20 %. In general, adolescent and parental agreement in child psychiatry practice is low, and their agreement with regard to suicidal behavior is unknown. The current study assesses the rates of suicidal ideation and behaviors as well as the rate of agreement between adolescents and their mothers in a representative nationwide sample...
May 9, 2016: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Şeref Şimşek, Salih Gençoğlan, Tuğba Yüksel, İbrahim Kaplan, Rümeysa Alaca, Hüseyin Aktaş
OBJECTIVE: Oxidative stress has been reported to play a role in the psychopathology of schizophrenia, though only a few studies have investigated the relationship between early-onset schizophrenia and oxidative stress. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the level of oxidative stress and the presence of DNA damage in first-episode psychosis (FEP) in adolescents. METHODS: This study was conducted in the Department of Child Psychiatry of the Dicle University Hospital...
2016: Neuropsychobiology
Ann Blomgren Mannerheim, Ulla Hellström Muhli, Eleni Siouta
As a consequence of the latest psychiatry-related reform in Sweden and its implementation, relatives and family members have taken over from the formal healthcare system significant responsibility for the care of persons with a mental disability and illness. The aim of this study was to systematically describe and analyze the experiences of parents' informal care responsibility. The questions were, what are the experiences around parents' informal care activities and responsibilities and how do parents construct and manage their caring responsibility and with what consequences? Semistructured in-depth interviews were conducted (16 hours of recorded material) with eight parents who were all members of the Interest Association for Schizophrenia (Intresseföreningen för Schizofreni (IFS)) in Sweden...
2016: Schizophrenia Research and Treatment
Björn Salomonsson, Rolf Sandell
Mother-infant relationship disturbances occur in three domains: maternal distress, infant functional problems, and relationship difficulties. They constitute common clinical problems. In Sweden, they are usually handled by nurses as part of public Child Health Centre care. Severe cases are referred to child psychiatry services. This randomized controlled trial compared two groups of mother-infant dyads in a Stockholm sample. One received only Child Health Centre care (the "CHCC" group) while the other received mother-infant psychoanalytic treatment plus CHCC (the "MIP" group)...
March 2011: Infant Mental Health Journal
S C van Veen, N M Batelaan, L W Wesseldijk, J Rozeboom, C M Middeldorp
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric disorders run in families. To bridge the gap between child and youth psychiatry and adult psychiatry, GGZ inGeest has started screening parents of new registered children for psychopathology - and if indicated - offers parents treatment in the same department as their children. AIM: To examine the feasibility and usefulness of this procedure, to investigate how many parents agree to screening, further diagnostics and treatment, and to find out how many parents have in fact suffered from recent psychiatric problems...
2016: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
Tina Matuschek, Sonia Jaeger, Stephanie Stadelmann, Katrin Dölling, Madlen Grunewald, Steffi Weis, Kai von Klitzing, Mirko Döhnert
Diagnostic interviews are valuable tools for generating reliable and valid psychiatric diagnoses. However, little is known about the diagnostic effects of implementing such an interview into the standard diagnostic procedure of a child psychiatric clinic. Therefore, we reviewed discharge diagnoses of psychiatric patients (age: 8-12 years; combined sample of inpatients and day hospital patients) over two intervals before and after implementing the semi-structured diagnostic interview K-SADS-PL as a diagnostic tool during intake...
February 28, 2016: Psychiatry Research
Ulf Jonsson, Josefin Johanson, Elin Nilsson, Frank Lindblad
The scientific knowledge about adverse effects of psychological therapies and how such effects should be detected is limited. It is possible that children and adolescents are particularly vulnerable and need specific support in order to express adverse effects. In this exploratory study, we used a qualitative approach to explore practitioners' experiences of this phenomenon. Fourteen practitioners providing psychological therapy within the Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Service were interviewed. Qualitative content analysis was applied to the data...
July 2016: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
Sabine Völkl-Kernstock, Julia Huemer, Elisabeth Jandl-Jager, Marihan Abensberg-Traun, Sonja Marecek, Elisabeth Pellegrini, Belinda Plattner, Katrin Skala
The experience of cumulative childhood adversities, such as exposure to domestic violence or abuse by caregivers, has been described as risk factor for poor mental health outcomes in adolescence and adulthood. We performed an investigation of experience of violence in all patients aged 6 to 20 years who had consulted the Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Medical University of Vienna, as outpatients during the period of one year. We were using the Childhood Trauma Interview (CTI) in order to obtain information on the kind of violence...
October 2016: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
Elizabeth O'Nions, Judith Gould, Phil Christie, Christopher Gillberg, Essi Viding, Francesca Happé
The term 'pathological demand avoidance' (PDA) was coined by Elizabeth Newson to describe children within the autism spectrum who exhibit obsessive resistance to everyday demands and requests (Newson et al., Arch Dis Child 88:595-600, 2003). Clinical accounts describe avoidance strategies including apparently strategic use of distraction or socially shocking behaviour, and obsessive need for control, reflected in domineering behaviour to peers and adults. Educational and management approaches effective for PDA reportedly differ from those for 'typical' autism spectrum disorders (ASD), and include novelty, humour and flexibility...
April 2016: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Rebecca C Groschwitz, Paul L Plener, Michael Kaess, Teresa Schumacher, Ramona Stoehr, Isabel Boege
BACKGROUND: Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) in adolescence has been described as comorbid condition in affective or anxiety disorders, as well as borderline personality disorder (BPD) and is a risk factor for later suicide attempts. Prevalence rates of NSSI decline steeply from adolescence to young adulthood. Yet, to the best of our knowledge, the longitudinal development of adolescent psychiatric patients with NSSI into their young adulthood has not been investigated. The aim of this study was to assess current NSSI and psychological impairment of young adults, who had been in treatment for NSSI in their adolescence...
2015: BMC Psychiatry
R Christopher Sheldrick, James C Benneyan, Ivy Giserman Kiss, Margaret J Briggs-Gowan, William Copeland, Alice S Carter
BACKGROUND: The accuracy of any screening instrument designed to detect psychopathology among children is ideally assessed through rigorous comparison to 'gold standard' tests and interviews. Such comparisons typically yield estimates of what we refer to as 'standard indices of diagnostic accuracy', including sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value. However, whereas these statistics were originally designed to detect binary signals (e.g...
September 2015: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
Kathrin Herzhoff, Jennifer L Tackett
BACKGROUND: Structural models of oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) symptoms have gained empirical support but await greater empirical scrutiny on issues such as reconciliation between competing models, evidence for gender differences, and delineation of external correlates. More extensive validation evidence is particularly necessary in consideration of their incorporation in psychiatric nomenclature. METHODS: We fitted previously proposed, but competing, models to ODD symptoms assessed with the Computerized Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children (Shaffer et al...
April 22, 2015: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
Ljubica Leposavić, Draga Dimitrijević, Snežana Đorđević, Ivana Leposavić, Gordana Nikolić Balkoski
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies carried out during the last twenty years point to an increase of co-morbidity of harmful use of alcohole caused disorders in the population of schizophrenic patients. The results show rate of this kind of co-morbidity between 35 and 80%. The aims of the investigation are: establishing frequency of harmful use of alcohol in the patients with diagnosis of schizophrenia, observed against the population statistics data; determination of possible predictors of harmful use of alcohol in the population of schizophrenic patients (adolsecent bihevioural problems, child neuroticism); determination of heritage role in the development of the both nosologic entities and the analysis of the outcomes of harmful use of alcohol in the population of schizophrenic patients (suicide attempts, cognitive impairment)...
March 2015: Psychiatria Danubina
Jeremy Trevelyan Burman, Alessandro Guida, Serge Nicolas
Historians of psychology have traditionally focused on ideas (intellectual history), the "great men" who produced them (an older style of biography sometimes called "hagiography"), or-more recently-the influence of the contexts that shaped them (social and cultural history). A still more recent approach is to bring in those invisible subjects whose experiences have previously been ignored, most often through histories focusing on the discipline's forgotten women or minority contributors: "history from below" (subaltern history)...
February 2015: History of Psychology
Elisanne De Gantes, Gauthier Bellagamba, Marie-Pascale Lehucher-Michel
PURPOSE: A qualitative study was conducted in 2013 with hospital psychiatrists working in two psychiatric hospitals of different regions in order to document the quality of work life of public hospital psychiatrists. METHOD: Semi-guided interviews were conducted with psychiatrists using an interview guide. Physicians were randomized according to health institution, age, gender and adult or paediatric psychiatry speciality. Data were analysed with the Alceste software and interpreted...
November 2014: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
Ignazio Grattagliano, Rosalinda Cassibba, Alessandro Costantini, Giovanni Michele Laquale, Alessandra Latrofa, Sonia Papagna, Giovanna Sette, Alessandro Taurino, Maria Terlizzi
A group of sex offenders (clinical group: n = 19) was compared to a nonclinical sample matched by age, years of education, and gender (control group A: n = 19) to verify a higher incidence of insecure attachment models among sex offenders. In addition, we tested whether sex offenders were characterized by specific childhood experiences, compared to control adults (control group B: n = 19) with the same secure/insecure attachment classification. Results showed significant differences between offenders and control adults on both the AAI continuous score and the distribution of the two-way attachment classifications...
January 2015: Journal of Forensic Sciences
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