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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107807/continuous-theta-burst-stimulation-may-improve-visuospatial-neglect-via-modulating-the-attention-network-a-randomized-controlled-study
#1
Wei Fu, Lei Cao, Yanming Zhang, Su Huo, JuBao Du, Lin Zhu, Weiqun Song
BACKGROUND: Visuospatial neglect (VSN) is devastating and common after stroke, and is thought to involve functional disturbance of the attention network. Non-invasive theta-burst stimulation (TBS) may help restore the normal function of attention network, therefore facilitating recovery from VSN. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the effects of continuous TBS on resting-state functional connectivity (RSFC) in the attention network, and behavioral performances of patients with VSN after stroke...
January 20, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106396/tetrel-bonds-in-infinite-molecular-chains-by-electronic-structure-theory-and-their-role-for-crystal-stabilization
#2
Janine George, Richard Dronskowski
Intermolecular bonds play a crucial role in the rational design of crystal structures, dubbed crystal engineering. The relatively new term tetrel bonds (TBs) describes a long-known type of such interactions presently in the focus of quantum-chemical cluster calculations. Here, we energetically explore the strengths and cooperativity of these interactions in infinite chains, a possible arrangement of such tetrel bonds in extended crystals, by periodic density-functional theory. In the chains, the TBs are amplified due to cooperativity by up to 60%...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098920/-too-long-in-tbs-a-study-on-patients-receiving-forensic-psychiatric-tbs-treatment-for-15-years-or-longer
#3
H Nijman, S Lammers, M Vrinten, E Bulten
In 2013 in the Netherlands about 100 forensic psychiatric patients were treated in tbs-hospitals for 15 years or more.<br/> AIM: To investigate the variables that characterise patients who have been receiving forensic psychiatric treatment (tbs) for 15 years or more, and to obtain insight in which actions might be helpful to facilitate discharge or transfer of such patients to other (mental health care) facilities, according to their caregivers and experts.<br/> METHOD: The group of long-term tbs-patients (n = 97) was compared with regard to diagnostic characteristics, 'basic historical risks' (as assessed by risk assessment instruments), and behaviour  to three other groups of forensic patients: a...
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098462/total-synthesis-of-resolvin-d5
#4
Narihito Ogawa, Takuo Sugiyama, Masao Morita, Yuta Suganuma, Yuichi Kobayashi
Resolvin D5 (RvD5) is a metabolite of docosahexanoic acid with anti-inflammatory activity that has not yet been thoroughly investigated because of its low biological availability. A synthetic route to optically active RvD5 was developed by assembling the C1-C10 aldehyde, C11-C13 phosphonium salt, and C14-C22 aldehyde building blocks. The aldehyde fragments were prepared by Sharpless asymmetric epoxidation of corresponding racemic (E)-1-TMS-1-alken-3-ols followed by reaction of the TBS ethers of the resulting epoxy alcohols with Et2AlCN, and DIBAL reduction of the (E)-1-cyano-1-alken-3-ol derivatives...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090683/similar-but-not-consistent-revisiting-the-pitfalls-of-measuring-igg-subclasses-with-different-assays
#5
Beatrice Ludwig-Kraus, Frank Bernhard Kraus
BACKGROUND: Laboratory quantification of IgG subclasses (IgGSc) is a well-established second-line tool for differential diagnosis of immune deficiencies. However, so far there is still no internationally approved standard available for IgGSc, and different assays are prone to produce divergent results. In this study, we evaluated the comparability and equivalence of two commercially available IgGSc assays, one being the Siemens IgGSc assay on a BN ProSpec analyzer and the other being The Binding Site (TBS) IgGSc assay on a Roche cobas c502 analyzer...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090446/quantitative-imaging-methods-in-osteoporosis
#6
REVIEW
Ling Oei, Fjorda Koromani, Fernando Rivadeneira, M Carola Zillikens, Edwin H G Oei
Osteoporosis is characterized by a decreased bone mass and quality resulting in an increased fracture risk. Quantitative imaging methods are critical in the diagnosis and follow-up of treatment effects in osteoporosis. Prior radiographic vertebral fractures and bone mineral density (BMD) as a quantitative parameter derived from dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) are among the strongest known predictors of future osteoporotic fractures. Therefore, current clinical decision making relies heavily on accurate assessment of these imaging features...
December 2016: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089653/priming-theta-burst-stimulation-enhances-motor-cortex-plasticity-in-young-but-not-old-adults
#7
George M Opie, Eleni Vosnakis, Michael C Ridding, Ulf Ziemann, John G Semmler
BACKGROUND: Primary motor cortex neuroplasticity is reduced in old adults, which may contribute to the motor deficits commonly observed in the elderly. Previous research in young subjects suggests that the neuroplastic response can be enhanced using non-invasive brain stimulation (NIBS), with a larger plastic response observed following priming with both long-term potentiation (LTP) and depression (LTD)-like protocols. However, it is not known if priming stimulation can also modulate plasticity in older adults...
January 4, 2017: Brain Stimulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079680/middle-ear-sound-transmission-under-normal-damaged-repaired-and-reconstructed-conditions
#8
Wei Dong, Ying Tian, Xin Gao, Timothy T K Jung
HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesize that current clinical treatment strategies for the disarticulated or eroded incus have the effect of combining the incus and stapes of the human middle ear (ME) into one rigid structure, which, while capable of adequately transmitting lower-frequency sounds, fails for higher frequencies. BACKGROUND: ME damage causes conductive hearing loss (CHL) and while great progress has been made in repairing or reconstructing damaged MEs, the outcomes are often far from ideal...
January 10, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071900/enantioselective-organocatalyzed-vinylogous-michael-reactions-of-3-alkylidene-oxindoles-with-enals
#9
Junjun Feng, Xin Li, Jin-Pei Cheng
An efficient asymmetric vinylogous Michael addition of 3-alkylidene oxindoles and enals has been achieved using a chiral TBS-protected diphenylprolinol catalyst. The γ-substituted alkylidene oxindoles obtained bear a chiral tertiary center and are afforded in moderate to good yields and good to excellent enantioselectivities.
January 19, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071822/responses-to-treatment-with-teriparatide-in-patients-with-atypical-femur-fractures-previously-treated-with-bisphosphonates
#10
Nelson B Watts, Deborah Aggers, Edward F McCarthy, Tina Savage, Stephanie Martinez, Rachel Patterson, Erin Carrithers, Paul D Miller
If over-suppression of bone turnover explained the association between bisphosphonate use and atypical subtrochanteric femur fractures (AFF), this could be reversed with anabolic treatment such as teriparatide. We conducted a prospective, open label study in patients previously treated with bisphosphonates who sustained AFF, examining the response to 24 months treatment with teriparatide on bone mineral density (BMD), trabecular bone score (TBS), bone turnover markers (BTM) and fracture healing as well as quantitative histomorphometry...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051314/mapping-the-reactivity-and-selectivity-of-2-azidofucosyl-donors-for-the-assembly-of-n-acetylfucosamine-containing-bacterial-oligosaccharides
#11
Bas Hagen, Sara Ali, Herman S Overkleeft, Gijsbert A van der Marel, Jeroen D C Codée
The synthesis of complex oligosaccharides is often hindered by a lack of knowledge on the reactivity and selectivity of their constituent building blocks. We investigated the reactivity and selectivity of 2-azidofucosyl (FucN3) donors, valuable synthons in the synthesis of 2-acetamido-2-deoxyfucose (FucNAc) containing oligosaccharides. Six FucN3 donors, bearing benzyl, benzoyl, or tert-butyldimethylsilyl protecting groups at the C3-O and C4-O positions, were synthesized, and their reactivity was assessed in a series of glycosylations using acceptors of varying nucleophilicity and size...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039046/bone-quality-assessment-as-measured-by-trabecular-bone-score-in-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease-on-dialysis
#12
Maria P Yavropoulou, Vasilios Vaios, Maria Pikilidou, Ioannis Chryssogonidis, Melina Sachinidou, Symeon Tournis, Konstantinos Makris, Kalliopi Kotsa, Michalis Daniilidis, Afroditi Haritanti, Vassilios Liakopoulos
Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on maintenance hemodialysis (HD) exhibit osteoporosis and increased fracture risk. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry scan measurements and calculation of fracture risk assessment toll score underestimate fracture risk in these patients and do not estimate bone quality. Trabecular bone score (TBS) has been recently proposed as an indirect measure of bone microarchitecture. In this study, we investigated alterations of bone quality in patients with ESRD on HD, using TBS...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034592/densitometer-specific-differences-in-the-correlation-between-body-mass-index-and-lumbar-spine-trabecular-bone-score
#13
Gillian Mazzetti, Claudie Berger, William D Leslie, Didier Hans, Lisa Langsetmo, David A Hanley, Christopher S Kovacs, Jerrilyn C Prior, Stephanie M Kaiser, K Shawn Davison, Robert Josse, Alexandra Papaioannou, Jonathan R Adachi, David Goltzman, Suzanne N Morin
Trabecular bone score (TBS) is a gray-level texture measure derived from lumbar spine dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) images that predicts fractures independent of bone mineral density (BMD). Increased abdominal soft tissue in individuals with elevated body mass index (BMI) absorbs more X-rays during image acquisition for BMD measurement and must be accommodated by the TBS algorithm. We aimed to determine if the relationship between BMI and TBS varied between 2 major manufacturers' densitometers, because different densitometers accommodate soft tissues differently...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032334/scoring-of-decomposition-a-proposed-amendment-to-the-method-when-using-a-pig-model-for-human-studies
#14
Natalie Keough, Jolandie Myburgh, Maryna Steyn
Decomposition studies often use pigs as proxies for human cadavers. However, differences in decomposition sequences/rates relative to humans have not been scientifically examined. Descriptions of five main decomposition stages (humans) were developed and refined by Galloway and later by Megyesi. However, whether these changes/processes are alike in pigs is unclear. Any differences can have significant effects when pig models are used for human PMI estimation. This study compared human decomposition models to the changes observed in pigs...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028604/molecular-mechanisms-of-group-i-metabotropic-glutamate-receptor-mediated-ltp-and-ltd-in-basolateral-amygdala-in-vitro
#15
A Chen, W W Hu, X L Jiang, M Potegal, H Li
The roles of group I metabotropic glutamate receptors, metabotropic glutamate receptor 1 (mGluR1) and mGluR5, in regulating synaptic plasticity and metaplasticity in the basolateral amygdala (BLA) remain unclear. The present study examined mGluR1- and mGluR5-mediated synaptic plasticity in the BLA and their respective signaling mechanisms. Bath application of the group I mGluR agonist, 3,5-dihydroxyphenylglycine (DHPG) (20 μM), directly suppressed basal fEPSPs (84.5 ± 6.3% of the baseline). The suppressive effect persisted for at least 30 min after washout; it was abolished by the mGluR1 antagonist 7-(hydroxyimino)cyclopropa[b]chromen-1a-carboxylate ethyl ester (CPCCOEt) but was unaffected by the mGluR5 antagonist 2-methyl-6- (phenylethynyl)-pyridine (MPEP)...
December 28, 2016: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011742/the-superior-temporal-sulcus-is-causally-connected-to-the-amygdala-a-combined-tbs-fmri-study
#16
David Pitcher, Shruti Japee, Lionel Rauth, Leslie G Ungerleider
: Non-human primate neuroanatomical studies have identified a cortical pathway from the superior temporal sulcus (STS) projecting into dorsal sub-regions of the amygdala, but whether this same pathway exists in humans is unknown. Here, we addressed this question by combining thetaburst transcranial magnetic stimulation (TBS) with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to test the prediction that the STS and amygdala are functionally connected during face perception. Human participants (N=17) were scanned, over two sessions, while viewing 3-second video clips of moving faces, bodies and objects...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991850/mitochondrial-support-of-persistent-presynaptic-vesicle-mobilization-with-age-dependent-synaptic-growth-after-ltp
#17
Heather L Smith, Jennifer N Bourne, Guan Cao, Michael A Chirillo, Linnaea E Ostroff, Deborah J Watson, Kristen M Harris
Mitochondria support synaptic transmission through production of ATP, sequestration of calcium, synthesis of glutamate, and other vital functions. Surprisingly, less than 50% of hippocampal CA1 presynaptic boutons contain mitochondria, raising the question of whether synapses without mitochondria can sustain changes in efficacy. To address this question, we analyzed synapses from postnatal day 15 (P15) and adult rat hippocampus that had undergone theta-burst stimulation to produce long-term potentiation (TBS-LTP) and compared them to control or no stimulation...
December 19, 2016: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982231/low-fusing-porcelain-glaze-application-on-3y-tzp-surfaces-can-enhance-zirconia-porcelain-adhesion
#18
Lígia Tiaki Yamamoto, Vinícius Anéas Rodrigues, Lucio Strazzabosco Dornelles, Marco Antonio Bottino, Luiz Felipe Valandro, Renata Marques de Melo
The aim of this study was to assess whether surface treatment improves zirconia-porcelain adhesion. The 3Y-TZP blocks were cut into squares, then polished and sintered. The zirconia surface treatments were performed as follows: no treatment (C); tribochemical silica coating (TBS); glaze application + hydrofluoric acid etching (GA); glaze application + hydrofluoric acid etching + silanization (GAS); deposition of silica nanofilm (NF). After treatments, veneering porcelain cylinders (3.3 x 3.3 mm) were built up on all specimens and fired...
September 2016: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979211/peanut-protein-extraction-conditions-strongly-influence-yield-of-allergens-ara-h-1-and-2-and-sensitivity-of-immunoassays
#19
Nicole E Walczyk, Penelope M C Smith, Euan R Tovey, Thomas H Roberts
The clinical importance of peanut (Arachis hypogaea) allergies demands standardized allergen extraction protocols. We determined the effectiveness of common extraction conditions (20 buffers, defatting reagents, extraction time/temperatures, processing, extraction repeats) on crude protein and Ara h 1 and 2 yields. Despite similar 1D-gel profiles, defatting with n-hexane resulted in significantly higher yields of crude protein, Ara h 1, and Ara h 2 than with diethyl ether. The yields were affected by the composition and pH of the extraction buffers and other conditions, but crude protein yield did not always correlate with Ara h 1 and 2 yields...
April 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973631/an-efficient-approach-to-trans-4-hydroxy-5-substituted-2-pyrrolidinones-through-a-stereoselective-tandem-barbier-process-divergent-syntheses-of-3r-4s-statines-preussin-and-hapalosin
#20
Chang-Mei Si, Lu-Ping Shao, Zhuo-Ya Mao, Wen Zhou, Bang-Guo Wei
A diastereoselective approach to trans-4-hydroxy-5-substituted 2-pyrrolidinones 1 (P1 = TBS, P2 = H) has been developed through a stereoselective tandem Barbier process of (R,SRS)-8 with alkyl and aryl bromide. The stereochemistry at the C-5 stereogenic center of the trans-4-hydroxy-5-substituted 2-pyrrolidinones was solely controlled by α-alkoxy substitution. This effective approach was successfully used to prepare a variety of substituted (3R,4S)-statines 2. In addition, two bioactive natural products of (+)-preussin 4 and hapalosin 5 were effectively synthesized through this stereoselective tandem Barbier process...
January 18, 2017: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
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