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Adolescent interviewing psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27548462/mentalization-mediates-the-relationship-between-early-maltreatment-and-potential-for-violence-in-adolescence
#1
Svenja Taubner, Laura Zimmermann, Axel Ramberg, Paul Schröder
AIM: The present study investigates the role of attachment representation and mentalization as possibly protective factors in the relationship between early maltreatment and potential for violence in adolescence. METHODS: For the current study, 161 adolescents, aged 14-21 years, were recruited from high schools and youth psychiatry. Early maltreatment was assessed by the Childhood Experiences of Care and Abuse Questionnaire, attachment was assessed using the Adult Attachment Projective Picture System, and mentalization was coded with the Reflective Functioning Scale from Adult Attachment Interviews...
2016: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27501077/tactile-massage-as-a-nursing-intervention-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-nurses-experiences
#2
A-C Robertz, G Rudolfsson
: WHAT IS KNOWN ABOUT THE SUBJECT?: There is little research on the implementation of tactile massage in child and adolescent psychiatry that describes children's and adolescents' experiences and outcomes. There is also limited knowledge of providing tactile massage in child and adolescent psychiatry. WHAT DOES THIS PAPER ADD TO EXISTING KNOWLEDGE?: This paper describes 10 nurses' experiences of tactile massage as a nursing intervention in child and adolescent psychiatry. The nurses considered tactile massage a non-verbal nursing intervention that could complement other available treatments...
October 2016: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27474754/hope-and-doubt-in-the-promise-of-neuroimaging-the-case-of-autism-spectrum-disorder
#3
Thomas Eugene Bertorelli
Although neuroimaging is currently not a component of the diagnostic process for autism spectrum disorders, some scientists hail these technologies for their promise to one day replace behaviorally based psychiatric diagnostic techniques. This article examines how psychiatrists understand the potential use of neuroimaging technologies within the context of clinical practice. Drawing on 10 semi-structured interviews with child and adolescent psychiatrists, I describe the hope and doubt that comprise their discourse of ambivalence...
September 2016: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27474250/removing-transgender-identity-from-the-classification-of-mental-disorders-a-mexican-field-study-for-icd-11
#4
Rebeca Robles, Ana Fresán, Hamid Vega-Ramírez, Jeremy Cruz-Islas, Victor Rodríguez-Pérez, Tecelli Domínguez-Martínez, Geoffrey M Reed
BACKGROUND: The conceptualisation of transgender identity as a mental disorder has contributed to precarious legal status, human rights violations, and barriers to appropriate health care among transgender people. The proposed reconceptualisation of categories related to transgender identity in WHO's forthcoming International Classification of Diseases (ICD)-11 removes categories related to transgender identity from the classification of mental disorders, in part based on the idea that these conditions do not satisfy the definitional requirements of mental disorders...
September 2016: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27415130/seeking-an-objective-diagnosis-of-depression
#5
John A Bilello
Major depressive disorder (MDD: unipolar depression) is widely distributed in the USA and world-wide populations and it is one of the leading causes of disability in both adolescents and adults. Traditional diagnostic approaches for MDD are based on patient interviews, which provide a subjective assessment of clinical symptoms which are frequently shared with other maladies. Reliance upon clinical assessments and patient interviews for diagnosing MDD is frequently associated with misdiagnosis and suboptimal treatment outcomes...
August 2016: Biomarkers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27384868/serum-il-4-and-il-10-levels-correlate-with-the-symptoms-of-the-drug-naive-adolescents-with-first-episode-early-onset-schizophrenia
#6
Şeref Şimşek, Veli Yıldırım, Abdullah Çim, Savaş Kaya
OBJECTIVE: In this study, it was aimed to understand the underlying possible immunopathogenesis of first episode, early onset schizophrenia (EOS) through profiling the T helper 1 (Th1) cell cytokines TNF-α, IFN-γ, and IL-2, Th2 cell cytokines IL-4 and IL-10, Th17 cell cytokine IL-17A, and inflammatory cytokine IL-6. METHODS: The study included a total of 30 children, admitted to child psychiatry outpatient clinic aged between 10 and 17 years of age, who had not received prior therapy and were diagnosed with psychosis according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (DSM-IV) as the patient group, and 26 age- and gender-matched children as the control group...
July 6, 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27289591/beyond-dsm-5-and-iq-scores-integrating-the-four-pillars-to-forensic-evaluations
#7
Sergio V Delgado, Drew H Barzman
The current adult and child forensic psychiatrist is well trained, familiar, and comfortable with the use of the semi-structured Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition, APA 2013 (DSM-5) [In APA, 2003] interview style. The author's assertion is not that this method is invalid or unreliable; rather, that it can be complemented by integrating elements of the defendant's four pillar assessment. Assessing the four pillars expands on the information provided by a semi-structured DSM-5-style interview in psychiatry...
June 11, 2016: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27161340/maternal-versus-adolescent-reports-of-suicidal-behaviors-a-nationwide-survey-in-israel
#8
Gil Zalsman, Gal Shoval, Ivonne Mansbach-Kleinfeld, Ilana Farbstein, Rasim Kanaaneh, Gad Lubin, Alan Apter
Community and nationwide surveys on adolescent suicidal behaviors using clinical interviews are not abundant. Rates of self-reported suicide attempts in community samples vary greatly between 1 and 20 %. In general, adolescent and parental agreement in child psychiatry practice is low, and their agreement with regard to suicidal behavior is unknown. The current study assesses the rates of suicidal ideation and behaviors as well as the rate of agreement between adolescents and their mothers in a representative nationwide sample...
May 9, 2016: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27003298/oxidative-stress-and-dna-damage-in-untreated-first-episode-psychosis-in-adolescents
#9
Şeref Şimşek, Salih Gençoğlan, Tuğba Yüksel, İbrahim Kaplan, Rümeysa Alaca, Hüseyin Aktaş
OBJECTIVE: Oxidative stress has been reported to play a role in the psychopathology of schizophrenia, though only a few studies have investigated the relationship between early-onset schizophrenia and oxidative stress. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the level of oxidative stress and the presence of DNA damage in first-episode psychosis (FEP) in adolescents. METHODS: This study was conducted in the Department of Child Psychiatry of the Dicle University Hospital...
2016: Neuropsychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26585069/adverse-effects-of-psychological-therapy-an-exploratory-study-of-practitioners-experiences-from-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry
#10
Ulf Jonsson, Josefin Johanson, Elin Nilsson, Frank Lindblad
The scientific knowledge about adverse effects of psychological therapies and how such effects should be detected is limited. It is possible that children and adolescents are particularly vulnerable and need specific support in order to express adverse effects. In this exploratory study, we used a qualitative approach to explore practitioners' experiences of this phenomenon. Fourteen practitioners providing psychological therapy within the Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Service were interviewed. Qualitative content analysis was applied to the data...
July 2016: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26487648/experiences-of-domestic-and-school-violence-among-child-and-adolescent-psychiatric-outpatients
#11
Sabine Völkl-Kernstock, Julia Huemer, Elisabeth Jandl-Jager, Marihan Abensberg-Traun, Sonja Marecek, Elisabeth Pellegrini, Belinda Plattner, Katrin Skala
The experience of cumulative childhood adversities, such as exposure to domestic violence or abuse by caregivers, has been described as risk factor for poor mental health outcomes in adolescence and adulthood. We performed an investigation of experience of violence in all patients aged 6 to 20 years who had consulted the Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Medical University of Vienna, as outpatients during the period of one year. We were using the Childhood Trauma Interview (CTI) in order to obtain information on the kind of violence...
October 2016: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26246394/the-menopause-transition-interview-with-ellen-w-freeman
#12
Ellen W Freeman
Ellen W Freeman is a Research Professor in the Department of Obstetrics/Gynecology and the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine in Philadelphia (PA, USA). She directs the PMS research program and is co-director of the Human Behavior and Reproduction unit in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology. She received her AB in history in Smith College in Northampton, Massachusetts and her MS and PhD in social research from Bryn Mawr College in Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania. She has published more than 200 scientific articles, book chapters, reviews and abstracts on premenstrual syndromes, perimenopause, adolescent pregnancy, infertility and related topics as well as a book on teenage pregnancy...
July 2015: Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26187150/the-situation-of-former-adolescent-self-injurers-as-young-adults-a-follow-up-study
#13
Rebecca C Groschwitz, Paul L Plener, Michael Kaess, Teresa Schumacher, Ramona Stoehr, Isabel Boege
BACKGROUND: Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) in adolescence has been described as comorbid condition in affective or anxiety disorders, as well as borderline personality disorder (BPD) and is a risk factor for later suicide attempts. Prevalence rates of NSSI decline steeply from adolescence to young adulthood. Yet, to the best of our knowledge, the longitudinal development of adolescent psychiatric patients with NSSI into their young adulthood has not been investigated. The aim of this study was to assess current NSSI and psychological impairment of young adults, who had been in treatment for NSSI in their adolescence...
2015: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26164051/crafft-as-a-substance-use-screening-instrument-for-adolescent-psychiatry-admissions
#14
Tyler S Oesterle, Mario J Hitschfeld, Timothy W Lineberry, Terry D Schneekloth
BACKGROUND: Adolescent use of alcohol and illicit substances is quite common among pediatric psychiatry inpatients; however, little data exist on substance use screening instruments that can be used to augment thorough psychiatric diagnostic interviews. CRAFFT is a screening tool for adolescent substance use that has been validated in outpatient general medical settings. This is the first study to examine its use in adolescent psychiatric inpatients. METHODS: We performed a chart review of records from adolescents admitted to our inpatient psychiatric unit who completed a CRAFFT screen on admission...
July 2015: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26043337/age-matters-in-the-prevalence-and-clinical-significance-of-ultra-high-risk-for-psychosis-symptoms-and-criteria-in-the-general-population-findings-from-the-bear-and-bears-kid-studies
#15
Benno G Schimmelmann, Chantal Michel, Alexandra Martz-Irngartinger, Caroline Linder, Frauke Schultze-Lutter
Early detection of psychosis is an important topic in psychiatry. Yet, there is limited information on the prevalence and clinical significance of high-risk symptoms in children and adolescents as compared to adults. We examined ultra-high-risk (UHR) symptoms and criteria in a sample of individuals aged 8-40 years from the general population of Canton Bern, Switzerland, enrolled from June 2011 to May 2014. The current presence of attenuated psychotic symptoms (APS) and brief intermittent psychotic symptoms (BLIPS) and the fulfillment of onset/worsening and frequency requirements for these symptoms in UHR criteria were assessed using the Structured Interview for Psychosis Risk Syndromes...
June 2015: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25907358/subfactors-of-oppositional-defiant-disorder-converging-evidence-from-structural-and-latent-class-analyses
#16
Kathrin Herzhoff, Jennifer L Tackett
BACKGROUND: Structural models of oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) symptoms have gained empirical support but await greater empirical scrutiny on issues such as reconciliation between competing models, evidence for gender differences, and delineation of external correlates. More extensive validation evidence is particularly necessary in consideration of their incorporation in psychiatric nomenclature. METHODS: We fitted previously proposed, but competing, models to ODD symptoms assessed with the Computerized Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children (Shaffer et al...
April 22, 2015: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25751441/comorbidity-of-harmful-use-of-alcohol-in-population-of-schizophrenic-patients
#17
Ljubica Leposavić, Draga Dimitrijević, Snežana Đorđević, Ivana Leposavić, Gordana Nikolić Balkoski
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies carried out during the last twenty years point to an increase of co-morbidity of harmful use of alcohole caused disorders in the population of schizophrenic patients. The results show rate of this kind of co-morbidity between 35 and 80%. The aims of the investigation are: establishing frequency of harmful use of alcohol in the patients with diagnosis of schizophrenia, observed against the population statistics data; determination of possible predictors of harmful use of alcohol in the population of schizophrenic patients (adolsecent bihevioural problems, child neuroticism); determination of heritage role in the development of the both nosologic entities and the analysis of the outcomes of harmful use of alcohol in the population of schizophrenic patients (suicide attempts, cognitive impairment)...
March 2015: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25700727/comorbidity-of-mood-and-substance-use-disorders-in-patients-with-binge-eating-disorder-associations-with-personality-disorder-and-eating-disorder-pathology
#18
Daniel F Becker, Carlos M Grilo
OBJECTIVE: Binge-eating disorder (BED) is associated with elevated rates of mood and substance use disorders, but the significance of such comorbidity is ambiguous. We compared personality disorder and eating disorder psychopathology in four subgroups of BED patients: those with mood disorders, those with substance use disorders, those with both, and those with neither. METHOD: Subjects were 347 patients who met DSM-IV research criteria for BED. Semistructured interviews evaluated lifetime DSM-IV axis I disorders, DSM-IV personality disorder features, and eating disorder psychopathology...
August 2015: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25695210/patient-and-staff-views-of-quality-in-forensic-psychiatric-inpatient-care
#19
Lars-Olov Lundqvist, Agneta Schröder
The study describes and compares perceived quality of care among patients and staff using the Quality in Psychiatric Care-Forensic In-Patient and the Quality in Psychiatric Care-Forensic In-Patient Staff questionnaires. The questionnaires are both based on the perception of the quality of the forensic psychiatric care given to the patients, but the wording is adjusted to fit patients or staff. The study sample consisted of 66 patients and 202 staff members from 12 forensic units in Sweden. Using multiple regression analyses to adjust for demographic variables, it was found that patients perceived the quality of support and secluded environment lower than did staff, whereas staff had lower perceptions than patients of the quality of secure environment...
January 2015: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25686910/gender-differences-in-socio-demographic-clinical-characteristics-and-psychiatric-diagnosis-in-of-suicide-attempters-in-a-mexican-population
#20
Ana Fresán, Thelma Beatriz González-Castro, Yesenia Peralta-Jiménez, Isela Juárez-Rojop, Sherezada Pool-García, Martha Patricia Velázquez-Sánchez, Lilia López-Narváez, Carlos Alfonso Tovilla-Zárate
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to analyse demographic and clinical characteristics, as well as psychiatric diagnoses to identify gender differences in patients with attempted suicide in a Mexican population. METHODS: Between September 2010 and September 2012, 140 suicide attempts were documented in the Department of Psychiatry at the General Hospital of Comalcalco (Hospital General de Comalcalco in Spanish) in Tabasco, Mexico. Diagnoses were established using the DSM-IV questionnaire in which Axis I and II were considered...
June 2015: Acta Neuropsychiatrica
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