keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Smad3

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437189/metformin-attenuates-radiation-induced-pulmonary-fibrosis-in-a-murine-model
#1
Jian Wang, Ye Wang, Jun Han, Hong Mei, Dandan Yu, Qian Ding, Tao Zhang, Gang Wu, Gang Peng, Zhenyu Lin
While radiotherapy continues to be a major cancer treatment option, its dose-limiting side effects, such as pulmonary fibrosis, severely impair the quality of life in these patients. In this study, we evaluated the radioprotective effects of metformin, a commonly used biguanide antidiabetic medication, in a murine model of pulmonary damage. Sprague Dawley(®) rats received whole lung 20 Gy irradiation with or without metformin treatment. Computed tomography (CT) was performed and Hounsfield units (HU) were determined during the observation period...
April 24, 2017: Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434000/apolipoprotein-a1-inhibits-the-tgf-%C3%AE-1-induced-endothelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-of-human-coronary-artery-endothelial-cells
#2
Juling Feng, Jingjing Zhang, Ampadu O Jackson, Xiao Zhu, Hainan Chen, Wen Chen, Qingjun Gui, Kai Yin
OBJECTIVE: Transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1) is the major cytokine for stimulating endothelial cells (ECs) to transdifferentiate to mesenchymal cells (MCs) in the process known as endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EndMT). Recently, TGF-β1-induced EndMT has been implicated in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis (AS). It has been identified that apolipoprotein A1 (ApoA-I) obstructs TGF-β1-induced endothelial dysfunction, providing a protective effect for ECs and also anti-AS activity...
April 22, 2017: Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433746/transforming-growth-factor-beta-1-signaling-regulates-neuroinflammation-and-apoptosis-in-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#3
Rachel K Patel, Nithisha Prasad, Ram Kuwar, Debanjan Haldar, P M Abdul-Muneer
Mild Traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is a low-level injury, which often remains undiagnosed, and in most cases it leads to death and disability as it advances as secondary injury. Therefore, it is important to study the underlying signaling mechanisms of mTBI-associated neurological ailments. While transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-β1) has a significant role in inflammation and apoptosis in myriads of other pathophysiological conditions, the precise function of increased TGF-β1 after mTBI is unknown. In this study, our objective is to study the physiological relevance and associated mechanisms of TGF-β1-mediated inflammation and apoptosis in mTBI...
April 19, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432432/tgf%C3%AE-splicing-and-canonical-pathway-activation-in-high-grade-serous-carcinoma
#4
Neriya Gutgold, Ben Davidson, Liora Jacobs Catane, Arild Holth, Ellen Hellesylt, Claes G Tropé, Anne Dørum, Reuven Reich
The present study analyzed the expression and clinical role of the transforming growth factor-β (TGFβ) pathway in high-grade serous carcinoma (HGSC), with focus on malignant effusions. TGFβ1-3 and TGFβRI-III mRNA expression by qRT-PCR was analyzed in 70 HGSC effusions and 55 solid specimens (28 ovarian, 27 abdominal metastases). Protein expression of Smad2 and Smad3 and their phosphorylated forms by Western blotting was analyzed in 73 specimens (42 effusions, 13 ovarian carcinomas, 18 solid metastases)...
April 21, 2017: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432277/transforming-growth-factor-%C3%AE-1-promotes-invasion-of-human-jeg-3-trophoblast-cells-via-tgf-%C3%AE-smad3-signaling-pathway
#5
Zhongying Huang, Shangwei Li, Wei Fan, Qianhong Ma
Transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 is involved invasion of human trophoblasts. However, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. In this study, we performed Transwell assay and found that TGF-β1 promoted the invasion of trophoblast cell line JEG-3. Treatment with TGF-β1 up-regulated the expression of receptor-regulated Smad transcription factors Smad2 and Smad3, and two invasive-associated genes, namely, matrix metallopeptidase (MMP)-9 and MMP-2, in JEG-3 cells. Over-expressing activin receptor-like kinase (ALK) 5, the TGF-β type I receptor (TβRI) enhanced the up-regulation of Smad2, Smad3, MMP-9, and MMP-2 induced by TGF-β1, whereas application of TβRI inhibitor SB431542 diminished the stimulatory effects of TGF-β1 on these genes...
April 4, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429275/tgf-%C3%AE-1-neuroprotection-via-inhibition-of-microglial-activation-in-a-rat-model-of-parkinson-s-disease
#6
Xiao Chen, Zhan Liu, Bei-Bei Cao, Yi-Hua Qiu, Yu-Ping Peng
Transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 is a pleiotropic cytokine with immunosuppressive and anti-inflammatory properties. Recently we have shown that TGF-β1 pretreatment in vitro protects against 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP(+))-induced dopaminergic neuronal loss that characterizes in Parkinson's disease (PD). Herein, we aimed to demonstrate that TGF-β1 administration in vivo after MPP(+) toxicity has neuroprotection that is achieved by a mediation of microglia. A rat model of PD was prepared by injecting MPP(+) unilaterally in the striatum...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology: the Official Journal of the Society on NeuroImmune Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428712/notch-signaling-mediated-by-tgf-%C3%AE-smad-pathway-in-concanavalin-a-induced-liver-fibrosis-in-rats
#7
Yi Wang, Ruo-Wu Shen, Bing Han, Zhen Li, Le Xiong, Feng-Yu Zhang, Bei-Bei Cong, Bei Zhang
AIM: To explore the exact interaction between Notch and transforming growth factor (TGF)-β signaling in liver fibrosis. METHODS: We established a rat model of liver fibrosis induced by concanavalin A. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were isolated from the modeled rats, and cultured with γ-secretase inhibitor DAPT and TGF-β inhibitor for 24 h. The mRNA levels of Notch and TGF-β signaling were detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction...
April 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424456/paraquat-poisoning-induced-pulmonary-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-through-notch1-pathway
#8
Tiegang Li, Xiangming Yang, Shiyu Xin, Yan Cao, Nana Wang
Progressive pulmonary fibrosis is the most characteristic feature of subacute PQ poisoning. Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is reported to be involved in the pulmonary fibrosis after PQ exposure. Recent evidence suggested Notch signaling is required for EMT. In this study, we investigated whether Notch1 and TGF-β1/Smad3 signaling was involved in EMT caused by PQ. It is demonstrated that A549 cells underwent EMT after treated with PQ at dose of 300 μmol/L for 6 days, charactered by increasing expression of mesenchymal marker α-SMA and decreasing expression of epithelial marker E-cadherin...
April 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424263/the-kielin-chordin-like-protein-kcp-attenuates-high-fat-diet-induced-obesity-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-mice
#9
Abdul Soofi, Katherine I Wolf, Margo P Emont, Nathan Qi, Gabriel Martinez-Santibanez, Edward Grimley, Wesam Ostwani, Gregory R Dressler
Obesity and its associated complications, such as insulin resistance and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, are reaching epidemic proportions. In mice, the TGF-beta superfamily is implicated in the regulation of white and brown adipose tissue differentiation. The Kielin/chordin-like Protein (KCP) is a secreted regulator of the TGF-beta superfamily pathways that can inhibit both TGF-beta and activin signals while enhancing bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling. However, KCP's effects on metabolism and obesity have not been studied in animal models...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421197/ginsenoside-rg1-ameliorates-cigarette-smoke-induced-airway-fibrosis-by-suppressing-the-tgf-%C3%AE-1-smad-pathway-in-vivo-and-in-vitro
#10
Sibin Guan, Qian Liu, Fengfeng Han, Wen Gu, Lin Song, Yue Zhang, Xuejun Guo, Weiguo Xu
Small airway fibrosis is a key pathological process accompanying chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and includes fibroblast/myofibroblast transdifferentiation and excessive extracellular matrix deposition. Ginsenoside Rg1, one of the main active ingredients of Panax ginseng, has been shown to exert an antifibrotic effect in many tissues. However, little is known about the underlying mechanism and whether ginsenoside Rg1 can exert an effect on small airway fibrosis. We investigated the anti-small airway fibrosis effects of ginsenoside Rg1 in human embryonic lung fibroblasts and in COPD rats...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420207/t%C3%AE-rii-regulates-the-proliferation-of-metanephric-mesenchyme-cells-through-six2-in-vitro
#11
Zhaomin Mao, Zhongshi Lyu, Liyuan Huang, Qin Zhou, Yaguang Weng
The transforming growth factor-β (TGFβ) family signaling pathways play an important role in regulatory cellular networks and exert specific effects on developmental programs during embryo development. However, the function of TGFβ signaling pathways on the early kidney development remains unclear. In this work, we aim to detect the underlying role of TGFβ type II receptor (TβRII) in vitro, which has a similar expression pattern as the crucial regulator Six2 during early kidney development. Firstly, the 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU) assay showed knock down of TβRII significantly decreased the proliferation ratio of metanephric mesenchyme (MM) cells...
April 18, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418895/gender-differences-in-fibrosis-remodeling-in-patients-with-long-standing-persistent-atrial-fibrillation
#12
Zhi Li, Zengwei Wang, Zongtao Yin, Yuji Zhang, Xiaodong Xue, Jinsong Han, Yan Zhu, Jian Zhang, Maximilian Y Emmert, Huishan Wang
The success rate of catheter ablation in atrial fibrillation (AF) is known to be lower in females than in males. However, while the exact mechanism for this phenomenon remains to be elucidated, tissue fibrosis may play an important role in this regard. It has been shown that fibrosis promotes AF and its recurrence, thereby substantially reducing the efficacy of catheter ablation in AF patients. Thus, we hypothesized that fibrosis may contribute to gender differences in the outcomes of AF catheter ablation.Here we systematically assessed pulmonary vein sleeves obtained from 166 patients with and without long-standing persistent-AF (LSP-AF) in order to identify gender-specific mechanistic differences in fibrosis remodeling of AF patients...
March 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414818/tgf%C3%AE-smad3-regulates-proliferation-and-apoptosis-through-irs-1-inhibition-in-colon-cancer-cells
#13
Katie L Bailey, Ekta Agarwal, Sanjib Chowdhury, Jiangtao Luo, Michael G Brattain, Jennifer D Black, Jing Wang
In this study, we have uncovered a novel crosstalk between TGFβ and IGF-1R signaling pathways. We show for the first time that expression and activation of IRS-1, an IGF-1R adaptor protein, is decreased by TGFβ/Smad3 signaling. Loss or attenuation of TGFβ activation leads to elevated expression and phosphorylation of IRS-1 in colon cancer cells, resulting in enhanced cell proliferation, decreased apoptosis and increased tumor growth in vitro and in vivo. Downregulation of IRS-1 expression reversed Smad3 knockdown-mediated oncogenic phenotypes, indicating that TGFβ/Smad3 signaling inhibits cell proliferation and increases apoptosis at least partially through the inhibition of IRS-1 expression and activation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414040/sars-coronavirus-papain-like-protease-up-regulates-the-collagen-expression-through-non-samd-tgf-%C3%AE-1-signaling
#14
Ching-Ying Wang, Chien-Yi Lu, Shih-Wen Li, Chien-Chen Lai, Chun-Hung Hua, Su-Hua Huang, Ying-Ju Lin, Mann-Jen Hour, Cheng-Wen Lin
SARS coronavirus (CoV) papain-like protease (PLpro) reportedly induced the production of TGF-β1 through p38 MAPK/STAT3-meidated Egr-1-dependent activation (Sci. Rep. 6, 25754). This study investigated the correlation of PLpro-induced TGF-β1 with the expression of Type I collagen in human lung epithelial cells and mouse pulmonary tissues. Specific inhibitors for TGF-βRI, p38 MAPK, MEK, and STAT3 proved that SARS-CoV PLpro induced TGF-β1-dependent up-regulation of Type I collagen in vitro and in vivo. Subcellular localization analysis of SMAD3 and SMAD7 indicated that non-SMAD pathways in TGF-β1 signaling involved in the production of Type I collagen in transfected cells with pSARS-PLpro...
April 13, 2017: Virus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411025/klotho-down-regulates-egr-1-by-inhibiting-tgf-%C3%AE-1-smad3-signaling-in-high-glucose-treated-human-mesangial-cells
#15
Yang Li, Fang Hu, Meng Xue, Yi-Jie Jia, Zong-Ji Zheng, Ling Wang, Mei-Ping Guan, Yao-Ming Xue
Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) has become the leading cause of end-stage renal disease worldwide and is associated with glomerular mesangial cell (MC) proliferation and excessive extracellular matrix (ECM) production. Klotho can attenuate renal fibrosis in part by inhibiting TGF-β1/Smad3 signaling in DKD. Early growth response factor 1 (Egr-1) has been shown to play a key role in renal fibrosis in part by facilitating the formation of a positive feedback loop involving TGF-β1. However, whether Klotho down-regulates Egr-1 by inhibiting TGF-β1/Smad3 signaling in DKD is unclear...
April 11, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408888/prevention-of-bleomycin-induced-pulmonary-inflammation-and-fibrosis-in-mice-by-paeonol
#16
Meng-Han Liu, An-Hsuan Lin, Hsin-Kuo Ko, Diahn-Warng Perng, Tzong-Shyuan Lee, Yu Ru Kou
Pulmonary fibrosis is a severe and progressive disease that is characterized by an abnormal deposition of extracellular matrix, such as collagens. The pathogenesis of this disease may be initiated by oxidative damage of lung epithelial cells by fibrogenic stimuli, leading to lung inflammation, which in turn promotes various lung fibrotic responses. The profibrogenic effect of transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) on lung fibroblasts is crucial for the pathogenesis of this disease. Paeonol, the main phenolic compound present in the Chinese herb Paeonia suffruticosa, has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405618/efficacy-of-alk5-inhibition-in-myelofibrosis
#17
Lanzhu Yue, Matthias Bartenstein, Wanke Zhao, Wanting Tina Ho, Ying Han, Cem Murdun, Adam W Mailloux, Ling Zhang, Xuefeng Wang, Anjali Budhathoki, Kith Pradhan, Franck Rapaport, Huaquan Wang, Zonghong Shao, Xiubao Ren, Ulrich Steidl, Ross L Levine, Zhizhuang Joe Zhao, Amit Verma, Pearlie K Epling-Burnette
Myelofibrosis (MF) is a bone marrow disorder characterized by clonal myeloproliferation, aberrant cytokine production, extramedullary hematopoiesis, and bone marrow fibrosis. Although somatic mutations in JAK2, MPL, and CALR have been identified in the pathogenesis of these diseases, inhibitors of the Jak2 pathway have not demonstrated efficacy in ameliorating MF in patients. TGF-β family members are profibrotic cytokines and we observed significant TGF-β1 isoform overexpression in a large cohort of primary MF patient samples...
April 6, 2017: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397834/snon-stabilizes-the-smad3-smad4-protein-complex
#18
Karin Walldén, Tomas Nyman, B Martin Hällberg
TGF-β signaling regulates cellular processes such as proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis through activation of SMAD transcription factors that are in turn modulated by members of the Ski-SnoN family. In this process, Ski has been shown to negatively modulate TGF-β signaling by disrupting active R-SMAD/Co-SMAD heteromers. Here, we show that the related regulator SnoN forms a stable complex with the R-SMAD (SMAD3) and the Co-SMAD (SMAD4). To rationalize this stabilization at the molecular level, we determined the crystal structure of a complex between the SAND domain of SnoN and the MH2-domain of SMAD4...
April 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396839/inhibition-of-the-tgf%C3%AE-signalling-pathway-by-cgmp-and-cgmp-dependent-kinase-i-in-renal-fibrosis
#19
Elisabeth Schinner, Veronika Wetzl, Andrea Schramm, Frieder Kees, Peter Sandner, Johannes-Peter Stasch, Franz Hofmann, Jens Schlossmann
Agents that enhance production of nitric oxide (NO) and cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) ameliorate the progression of renal fibrosis. However, the molecular mechanism of this process is not fully understood. We hypothesize that the antifibrotic effects of cGMP and cGMP-dependent kinase I (cGKI) are mediated via regulation of the TGFβ signalling pathway, both via ERK and the Smad-dependent route. Kidney fibrosis was induced by unilateral ureter obstruction (UUO) in wild-type and cGKI-deficient (cGKI-KO) mice...
April 2017: FEBS Open Bio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396837/myostatin-promotes-tenogenic-differentiation-of-c2c12-myoblast-cells-through-smad3
#20
Kazutaka Uemura, Masanori Hayashi, Toshiro Itsubo, Ayumu Oishi, Hiroko Iwakawa, Masatoshi Komatsu, Shigeharu Uchiyama, Hiroyuki Kato
Myostatin, a member of the transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) superfamily, is expressed in developing and adult skeletal muscle and negatively regulates skeletal muscle growth. Recently, myostatin has been found to be expressed in tendons and increases tendon fibroblast proliferation and the expression of tenocyte markers. C2C12 is a mouse myoblast cell line, which has the ability to transdifferentiate into osteoblast and adipocyte lineages. We hypothesized that myostatin is capable of inducing tenogenic differentiation of C2C12 cells...
April 2017: FEBS Open Bio
keyword
keyword
98925
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"