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Intersectionality

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550741/exploring-syndrome-differentiation-using-non-negative-matrix-factorization-and-cluster-analysis-in-patients-with-atopic-dermatitis
#1
Younghee Yun, Wonmo Jung, Hyunho Kim, Bo-Hyoung Jang, Min-Hee Kim, Jiseong Noh, Seong-Gyu Ko, Inhwa Choi
Syndrome differentiation (SD) results in a diagnostic conclusion based on a cluster of concurrent symptoms and signs, including pulse form and tongue color. In Korea, there is a strong interest in the standardization of Traditional Medicine (TM). In order to standardize TM treatment, standardization of SD should be given priority. The aim of this study was to explore the SD, or symptom clusters, of patients with atopic dermatitis (AD) using non-negative factorization methods and k-means clustering analysis...
May 22, 2017: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549287/unconventional-energy-resources-in-a-crowded-subsurface-reducing-uncertainty-and-developing-a-separation-zone-concept-for-resource-estimation-and-deep-3d-subsurface-planning-using-legacy-mining-data
#2
Alison A Monaghan
Over significant areas of the UK and western Europe, anthropogenic alteration of the subsurface by mining of coal has occurred beneath highly populated areas which are now considering a multiplicity of 'low carbon' unconventional energy resources including shale gas and oil, coal bed methane, geothermal energy and energy storage. To enable decision making on the 3D planning, licensing and extraction of these resources requires reduced uncertainty around complex geology and hydrogeological and geomechanical processes...
May 23, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548857/experimental-demonstration-of-complete-180-o-reversal-of-magnetization-in-isolated-co-nanomagnets-on-a-pmn-pt-substrate-with-voltage-generated-strain
#3
Ayan Kumar Biswas, Hasnain Ahmad, Jayasimha Atulasimha, Supriyo Bandyopadhyay
Rotating the magnetization of a shape anisotropic magnetostrictive nanomagnet with voltage-generated stress/strain dissipates much less energy than most other magnetization rotation schemes, but its application to writing bits in non-volatile magnetic memory has been hindered by the fundamental inability of stress/strain to rotate magnetization by full 180(o). Normally, stress/strain can rotate the magnetization of a shape anisotropic elliptical nanomagnet by only up to 90(o), resulting in incomplete magnetization reversal...
May 26, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548581/modeling-crash-injury-severity-by-road-feature-to-improve-safety
#4
Praveena Penmetsa, Srinivas S Pulugurtha
Structured Abstract Objective: The objective of this research is two-fold; a) to model and identify critical road features (or locations) based on crash injury severity and compare it with crash frequency, and, b) to model and identify drivers who are more likely to contribute to crashes by road feature. METHOD: Crash data from 2011 to 2013 was obtained from the Highway Safety Information System (HSIS) for the state of North Carolina. Twenty-three different road features were considered, analyzed and compared with each other as well as no road feature...
May 26, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548011/sex-work-and-three-dimensions-of-self-esteem-self-worth-authenticity-and-self-efficacy
#5
Cecilia Benoit, Michaela Smith, Mikael Jansson, Samantha Magnus, Jackson Flagg, Renay Maurice
Sex work is assumed to have a negative effect on self-esteem, nearly exclusively expressed as low self-worth, due to its social unacceptability and despite the diversity of persons, positions and roles within the sex industry. In this study, we asked a heterogeneous sample of 218 Canadian sex workers delivering services in various venues about how their work affected their sense of self. Using thematic analysis based on a three-dimensional conception of self-esteem - self-worth (viewing oneself in a favourable light), authenticity (being one's true self) and self-efficacy (competency) - we shed light on the relationship between involvement in sex work and self-esteem...
May 26, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547865/re-imagining-alzheimer-s-disease-the-diminishing-importance-of-amyloid-and-a-glimpse-of-what-lies-ahead
#6
REVIEW
Kai-Hei Tse, Karl Herrup
Many have criticized the amyloid cascade hypothesis of Alzheimer's disease for its inconsistencies and failures to either accurately predict disease symptoms or guide the development of productive therapies. In addition to criticisms, however, we believe that the field would benefit from having alternative narratives and disease models that can either replace or function alongside of an amyloid-centric view of Alzheimer's. This review is an attempt to meet that need. We offer three experimentally verified amyloid-independent mechanisms, each of which plausibly contributes substantially to the etiology of Alzheimer's disease: loss of DNA integrity, faulty cell cycle regulation, regression of myelination...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545479/endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-and-inflammation-in-the-central-nervous-system
#7
REVIEW
Neil T Sprenkle, Savannah G Sims, Cristina L Sánchez, Gordon P Meares
Persistent endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is thought to drive the pathology of many chronic disorders due to its potential to elicit aberrant inflammatory signaling and facilitate cell death. In neurodegenerative diseases, the accumulation of misfolded proteins and concomitant induction of ER stress in neurons contributes to neuronal dysfunction. In addition, ER stress responses induced in the surrounding neuroglia may promote disease progression by coordinating damaging inflammatory responses, which help fuel a neurotoxic milieu...
May 25, 2017: Molecular Neurodegeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544912/parallel-gene-selection-and-dynamic-ensemble-pruning-based-on-affinity-propagation
#8
Jun Meng, Jing Zhang, Yu-Shi Luan, Xin-Yu He, Li-Shuang Li, Yuan-Feng Zhu
Gene selection and sample classification based on gene expression data are important research areas in bioinformatics. Selecting important genes closely related to classification is a challenging task due to high dimensionality and small sample size of microarray data. Extended rough set based on neighborhood has been successfully applied to gene selection, as it can select attributes without redundancy and deal with numerical attributes directly. However, the computation of approximations in rough set is extremely time consuming...
May 17, 2017: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541174/enhancing-a-person-enhancing-a-civilization-a-research-program-at-the-intersection-of-bioethics-future-studies-and-astrobiology
#9
Milan M Ćirković
There are manifold intriguing issues located within largely unexplored borderlands of bioethics, future studies (including global risk analysis), and astrobiology. Human enhancement has for quite some time been among the foci of bioethical debates, but the same cannot be said about its global, transgenerational, and even cosmological consequences. In recent years, discussions of posthuman and, in general terms, postbiological civilization(s) have slowly gained a measure of academic respect, in parallel with the renewed interest in the entire field of future studies and the great strides made in understanding of the origin and evolution of life and intelligence in their widest, cosmic context...
July 2017: Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics: CQ: the International Journal of Healthcare Ethics Committees
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541062/antisocial-and-human-capital-pathways-to-socioeconomic-exclusion-a-42-year-prospective-study
#10
Jukka Savolainen, W Alex Mason, Anna-Liisa Lyyra, Lea Pulkkinen, Katja Kokko
Nordic welfare states have been very successful at reducing poverty and inequality among their citizens. However, the presence of a strong social safety net in these countries has not solved the problem of socioeconomic exclusion, manifesting in such outcomes as chronic unemployment and welfare dependency. In an effort to understand this phenomenon, the current study builds on the assumption that psychological risk factors emerge as important determinants of socioeconomic disadvantage in an environment where ascribed characteristics have less impact on educational and occupational attainment...
May 25, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540617/pediatric-patient-and-caregiver-preferences-in-the-development-of-a-mobile-health-application-for-management-of-surgical-colorectal-conditions
#11
Mehul V Raval, Natalie Taylor, Kaitlin Piper, Mitali Thakore, Kathleen Hoff, Shane Owens, Megan M Durham
Patient-centered frameworks are an effective way to engage patients in treatment plans, strengthen adherence behaviors, and improve disease outcomes. These frameworks can also be applied in the design of mobile technology disease management applications. However, the utilization of these frameworks is rare and frequently overlooked in existing colorectal mobile health (mHealth) applications. The purpose of this study was to utilize a patient-centered framework to facilitate the development of a valid, appropriate, and feasible mHealth tool for pediatric patients and their caregivers...
July 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540571/peer-victimization-and-unhealthy-weight-control-behaviors-the-role-of-intersecting-identities-among-new-york-city-youth
#12
Kriti Thapa, Elizabeth A Kelvin
We investigated the intersection of sexual minority, gender, and Hispanic identities, and their interaction with peer victimization in predicting unhealthy weight control behaviors (UWCB) among New York City (NYC) youths. Using logistic regression with data from the 2011 NYC Youth Risk Behavior Survey, we examined the association of sexual identity, gender, ethnicity, and peer victimization (dating violence, bullying at school, electronic bullying) in predicting UWCB. Sexual minority youths, dating violence victims, and youths bullied at school had 1...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540515/explaining-intersectionality-through-description-counterfactual-thinking-and-mediation-analysis
#13
EDITORIAL
John W Jackson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 24, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538831/effects-of-laryngeal-manual-therapy-lmt-and-transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-tens-in-vocal-folds-diadochokinesis-of-dysphonic-women-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#14
Larissa Thaís Donalonso Siqueira, Kelly Cristina Alves Silverio, Alcione Ghedini Brasolotto, Rinaldo Roberto de Jesus Guirro, Christiano Giácomo Carneiro, Mara Behlau
Purpose: To verify and compare the effect of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) and laryngeal manual therapy (LMT) on laryngeal diadochokinesis (DDK) of dysphonic women. Methods: Twenty women with bilateral vocal nodules participated and were equally divided into: LMT Group - LMT application; TENS Group - TENS application; both groups received 12 sessions of treatment, twice a week, with a duration of 20 minutes each, applied by the same therapist...
May 15, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538370/radiographic-anatomical-relationship-between-spinous-process-and-pedicle-in-thoracolumbar-and-lumbar-spine
#15
Xingang Cui, Guodong Wang
Pedicle screws are widely used in spinal surgeries, but it remains technically demanding to place. There are numerous studies on the anatomy of pedicle; however, there is very little insight on the relationship between the pedicle and the spinous process, which is an important part of the spinal posterior column.The aim of the study was to investigate the radiographic anatomical relationship between spinous processes and pedicles in the thoracolumbar and lumbar spine, in order to reveal a novel entrance point for pedicle screw insertion...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537842/-invisible-during-my-own-crisis-responses-of-lgbt-people-of-color-to-the-orlando-shooting
#16
Johanna L Ramirez, Kirsten A Gonzalez, M Paz Galupo
On June 12th, 2016, the Pulse nightclub in Orlando, Florida was the target of one of the country's deadliest mass shootings. Pulse, a gay nightclub, was hosting a Latin Pride Night the evening of the tragedy, resulting in the death of 49 victims and 53 casualties, over 90% of whom were lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) Latinx people, specifically. The present research investigates the narrative responses from LGBT people of color (LGBT-POC) following the tragedy. Results included an analysis of 94 participant narrative responses...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537300/competing-pathways-in-the-near-uv-photochemistry-of-acetaldehyde
#17
Benjamin W Toulson, Kara M Kapnas, Dmitry A Fishman, Craig Murray
Time-resolved ion imaging measurements have been performed to explore the photochemistry of acetaldehyde at photolysis wavelengths spanning the range 265-328 nm. Ion images recorded probing CH3 radicals with single-photon VUV ionization show different dissociation dynamics in three distinct wavelength regions. At the longest photolysis wavelengths, λ > 318 nm, CH3 radicals are formed over tens of nanoseconds with a speed distribution that is consistent with statistical unimolecular dissociation on the S0 surface following internal conversion...
May 24, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536093/development-of-trust-in-an-online-breast-cancer-forum-a-qualitative-study
#18
Melanie Lovatt, Peter A Bath, Julie Ellis
BACKGROUND: Online health forums provide peer support for a range of medical conditions including life-threatening and terminal illnesses. Trust is an important component of peer-to-peer support, although relatively little is known about how trust forms within online health forums. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to examine how trust develops and influences sharing among users of an online breast cancer forum. METHODS: An interpretive qualitative approach was adopted...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535370/epithelial-patterning-morphogenesis-and-evolution-drosophila-eggshell-as-a-model
#19
REVIEW
Miriam Osterfield, Celeste A Berg, Stanislav Y Shvartsman
Understanding the mechanisms driving tissue and organ formation requires knowledge across scales. How do signaling pathways specify distinct tissue types? How does the patterning system control morphogenesis? How do these processes evolve? The Drosophila egg chamber, where EGF and BMP signaling intersect to specify unique cell types that construct epithelial tubes for specialized eggshell structures, has provided a tractable system to ask these questions. Work there has elucidated connections between scales of development, including across evolutionary scales, and fostered the development of quantitative modeling tools...
May 22, 2017: Developmental Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534880/a-tale-of-two-risks-smoking-diabetes-and-the-subgingival-microbiome
#20
Sukirth M Ganesan, Vinayak Joshi, Megan Fellows, Shareef M Dabdoub, Haikady N Nagaraja, Benjamin O'Donnell, Neeta Rohit Deshpande, Purnima S Kumar
Although smoking and diabetes have been established as the only two risk factors for periodontitis, their individual and synergistic impacts on the periodontal microbiome are not well studied. The present investigation analyzed 2.7 million 16S sequences from 175 non-smoking normoglycemic individuals (controls), smokers, diabetics and diabetic smokers with periodontitis as well as periodontally healthy controls, smokers and diabetics to assess subgingival bacterial biodiversity and co-occurrence patterns. The microbial signatures of periodontally healthy smokers, but not diabetics, were highly aligned with the disease-associated microbiomes of their respective cohorts...
May 23, 2017: ISME Journal
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