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Critical race theory

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781631/critical-consciousness-and-intent-to-persist-through-college-in-daca-and-u-s-citizen-students-the-role-of-immigration-status-race-and-ethnicity
#1
Germán A Cadenas, Bianca L Bernstein, Terence J G Tracey
OBJECTIVES: We used the model of critical consciousness (CC; Freire, 1973) to examine college persistence in a sample of Hispanic Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) college students in contrast to Hispanic and non-Hispanic White U.S. citizens. To do this, we looked to social cognitive career theory (Lent, Brown, & Hackett, 1994) to clarify the development of CC and its association with college persistence in students facing marginalization due to immigration status and racial/ethnic identity...
May 21, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746285/colourism-a-global-adolescent-health-concern
#2
Nadia Craddock, Ncoza Dlova, Phillippa C Diedrichs
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Colourism, a form of prejudice and discrimination based solely upon skin colour, stands to jeopardize the physical health, wellbeing and life chances of adolescents of colour, globally. RECENT FINDINGS: Research shows that adolescents can experience colourism at school and college, in the criminal justice system, at work and in the media they consume. It is therefore unsurprising that adolescents of colour often express a desire for lighter skin tones and/or are dissatisfied with their skin tone...
May 8, 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691205/developing-sustainable-and-impactful-mobile-phone-hiv-testing-interventions-for-spanish-speaking-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-the-united-states-lessons-learned-from-informative-interviews
#3
Jason Mitchell, Maria Beatriz Torres, Lucy Asmar, Thu Danh, Keith J Horvath
BACKGROUND: Although many men who have sex with men (MSM) test for HIV at least once in their lifetime, opportunities to improve regular HIV testing, particularly among Hispanic or Latino MSM, is needed. Many mHealth interventions in development, including the ones on HIV testing, have primarily focused on English-speaking white, black, and MSM of other races. To date, no studies have assessed app use, attitudes, and motivations for downloading and sustaining use of mobile apps and preferences with respect to HIV prevention among Spanish-speaking, Hispanic MSM in the United States...
April 24, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628283/weathering-the-storm-a-review-of-pre-pregnancy-stress-and-risk-of-spontaneous-abortion
#4
REVIEW
Tyralynn Frazier, Carol J Rowland Hogue, Elizabeth A Bonney, Kathryn M Yount, Brad D Pearce
The Weathering Effect is a theory that links stress exposure, over the life-course, with racial disparities in reproductive outcomes, through the effects of social adversity on a woman's body. The concept of maternal "weathering" captures cumulative somatic and psychological adversities that can exacerbate the effects of aging. Much of the evidence for weathering comes from observational studies linking self-report measures with reproductive outcomes. The purpose of this review is to explore biological mechanisms that underlie these observations...
March 1, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606717/response-to-critical-race-theory-for-pharmacy-diversity-curriculum
#5
Antonio A Bush, Jacqueline E McLaughlin, Carla White
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606716/critical-race-theory-for-pharmacy-diversity-curriculum
#6
Nicole Rockich-Winston
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605054/investigating-black-white-disparities-in-gynecologic-oncology-theories-conceptual-models-and-applications
#7
REVIEW
Kemi M Doll
Within gynecologic oncology are two of the top five widest Black-White mortality gaps among all cancer diagnoses in the United States. A rich body of work from the social sciences, including anthropology, sociology and social epidemiology, have broadened the understanding of and research approaches to the study of health and healthcare inequity experienced by Black Americans. Yet, these intellectual advancements in understanding are virtually absent from the gynecologic oncology literature. The goal of this analytic essay will be to introduce three current frameworks of studying racial inequity: The Ecosocial Theory of Disease Distribution, The Fundamental Cause Theory, and The Public Health Critical Race Praxis...
April 2018: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599737/development-of-the-sexual-minority-adolescent-stress-inventory
#8
Sheree M Schrager, Jeremy T Goldbach, Mary Rose Mamey
Although construct measurement is critical to explanatory research and intervention efforts, rigorous measure development remains a notable challenge. For example, though the primary theoretical model for understanding health disparities among sexual minority (e.g., lesbian, gay, bisexual) adolescents is minority stress theory, nearly all published studies of this population rely on minority stress measures with poor psychometric properties and development procedures. In response, we developed the Sexual Minority Adolescent Stress Inventory (SMASI) with N = 346 diverse adolescents ages 14-17, using a comprehensive approach to de novo measure development designed to produce a measure with desirable psychometric properties...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29508642/minding-the-gap-health-and-social-care-provider-perceptions-of-parental-communication-and-black-canadian-youths-sexual-health
#9
Nakia Lee-Foon, Clemon George, Jacqueline Gahagan, Josephine Etowa, Robert Weaver
Health and social care providers' perceptions of Black-Canadian parent-youth sexual health communication has important implications for addressing knowledge gaps in the provision of services to young people and their parents. Providers' perceptions are crucial as they often act as advisers in tailoring programmes or services to the perceived needs of parents and youth. To understand these perceptions, 17 semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted with providers who worked with African, Caribbean or Black (ACB) parents and youth in Toronto, Ontario, Canada...
March 6, 2018: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505464/racialized-mass-incarceration-and-the-war-on-drugs-a-critical-race-theory-appraisal
#10
Katherine Smith Fornili
The purpose of this column is to summarize important aspects of the racialized War on Drugs, including (a) the school-to-prison pipeline, (b) the for-profit prison system ("prison industrial complex"), (c) racialized mass incarceration, and (d) the disproportionately negative impact of the War on Drugs on families and communities of color. Analysis of critical race theory (CRT), the study of the relationships between race, racism, and power, will provide a cohesive framework for examining these four aspects...
January 2018: Journal of Addictions Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497217/on-reciprocal-causation-in-the-evolutionary-process
#11
REVIEW
Erik I Svensson
Recent calls for a revision of standard evolutionary theory (SET) are based partly on arguments about the reciprocal causation. Reciprocal causation means that cause-effect relationships are bi-directional, as a cause could later become an effect and vice versa. Such dynamic cause-effect relationships raise questions about the distinction between proximate and ultimate causes, as originally formulated by Ernst Mayr. They have also motivated some biologists and philosophers to argue for an Extended Evolutionary Synthesis (EES)...
2018: Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471736/incursions-from-the-epicentre-southern-theory-social-science-and-the-global-hiv-research-domain
#12
Rebecca Hodes, Robert Morrell
Research about HIV constitutes a global domain of academic knowledge. The patterns that structure this domain reflect inequalities in the production and dissemination of knowledge, as well as broader inequalities in geopolitics. Conventional metrics for assessing the value and impact of academic research reveal that "Northern" research remains dominant, while "Southern" research remains peripheral. Southern theory provides a framework for greater critical engagement with knowledge produced by researchers within the global South...
March 2018: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454356/multiple-forms-of-discrimination-and-relationships-with-health-and-wellbeing-findings-from-national-cross-sectional-surveys-in-aotearoa-new-zealand
#13
Donna Cormack, James Stanley, Ricci Harris
BACKGROUND: The complex ways in which experiences of discrimination are patterned in society, including the exposure of communities to multiple overlapping forms of discrimination within social systems of oppression, is increasingly recognised in the health sciences. However, research examining the impacts on health and contribution to racial/ethnic health inequities remains limited. This study aims to contribute to the field by exploring the prevalence and patterning of experience of multiple forms of discrimination in Aotearoa/New Zealand, and associations with health and wellbeing...
February 17, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392541/dimensionality-and-r4p-a-health-equity-framework-for-research-planning-and-evaluation-in-african-american-populations
#14
Vijaya Hogan, Diane L Rowley, Stephanie Baker White, Yanica Faustin
Introduction Existing health disparities frameworks do not adequately incorporate unique interacting contributing factors leading to health inequities among African Americans, resulting in public health stakeholders' inability to translate these frameworks into practice. Methods We developed dimensionality and R4P to integrate multiple theoretical perspectives into a framework of action to eliminate health inequities experienced by African Americans. Results The dimensional framework incorporates Critical Race Theory and intersectionality, and includes dimensions of time-past, present and future...
February 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241033/the-elimination-of-positive-priming-with-increasing-prime-duration-reflects-a-transition-from-perceptual-fluency-to-disfluency-rather-than-bias-against-primed-words
#15
Kevin W Potter, Chris Donkin, David E Huber
With immediate repetition priming of forced choice perceptual identification, short prime durations produce positive priming (i.e., priming the target leads to higher accuracy, while priming the foil leads to lower accuracy). Many theories explain positive priming following short duration primes as reflecting increased perceptual fluency for the primed target (i.e., decreased identification latency). However, most studies only examine either accuracy or response times, rather than considering the joint constraints of response times and accuracy to properly address the role of decision biases and response caution...
March 2018: Cognitive Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185910/a-critical-analysis-and-applied-intersectionality-framework-with-intercultural-queer-couples
#16
Christian D Chan, Adrienne N Erby
Intercultural queer couples are growing at an extensive rate in the United States, exemplifying diversity across multiple dimensions (e.g., race, ethnicity, sexuality, affectional identity, gender identity) while experiencing multiple converging forms of oppression (e.g., racism, heterosexism, genderism). Given the dearth of conceptual and empirical literature that unifies both dimensions related to intercultural and queer, applied practices and research contend with a unilateral approach focusing exclusively on either intercultural or queer couples...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957353/sources-of-implicit-and-explicit-intergroup-race-bias-among-african-american-children-and-young-adults
#17
Bentley L Gibson, Philippe Rochat, Erin B Tone, Andrew S Baron
Implicit intergroup bias emerges early in development, are typically pro-ingroup, and remain stable across the lifespan. Such findings have been interpreted in terms of an automatic ingroup bias similar to what is observed with minimal groups paradigms. These studies are typically conducted with groups of high cultural standing (e.g., Caucasians in North America and Europe). Research conducted among culturally lower status groups (e.g., African-Americans, Latino-Americans) reveals a notable absence of an implicit ingroup bias...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886888/thinking-with-pleasure-experimenting-with-drugs-and-drug-research
#18
Kane Race
Within the field of drug and alcohol studies, researchers think about pleasure or against it; we analyse, consider, investigate, invoke or ignore it. The philosophically inclined may think of pleasure or write on it, but in each of these scenarios pleasure is kept at an arm's length while the researcher appears to remain unmoved - detached observers, objective scientists, conceptual experts, program directors, sharp critics, policy advocates - sober judges whose sovereignty is secured by the formal conventions of positivist research, established theory, institutional authority and/or disciplinary knowledge...
September 5, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825850/community-engagement-with-african-american-clergy-faith-based-model-for-culturally-competent-practice
#19
Kim L Stansbury, Gillian L Marshall, Jodi Hall, Gaynell M Simpson, Karen Bullock
OBJECTIVE: The intent of this exploratory qualitative study was to examine African American Baptist clergy's pastoral care to older congregants with mental disorders. Critical Race Theory was the guiding framework in this study. METHOD: A purposive sample of 18 African American clergy participated in one-on-one interviews. RESULTS: Collectively, all participants were active in the provision of mental health to older congregants with mental disorders...
August 21, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742568/a-call-for-critical-race-theory-in-medical-education
#20
Jennifer Tsai, Ann Crawford-Roberts
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
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