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Critical race theory

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779512/the-discriminatory-patient-and-family-strategies-to-address-discrimination-towards-trainees
#1
Emily E Whitgob, Rebecca L Blankenburg, Alyssa L Bogetz
PURPOSE: Trainee mistreatment remains an important and serious medical education issue. Mistreatment toward trainees by the medical team has been described; mistreatment by patients and families has not. Motivated by discrimination towards a resident by a family in their emergency department, the authors sought to identify strategies for trainees and physicians to respond effectively to mistreatment by patients and families. METHOD: A purposeful sample of pediatric faculty educational leaders was recruited from April-June 2014 at Stanford University...
November 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27719694/the-beginnings-of-human-palaeontology-prehistory-craniometry-and-the-fossil-human-races
#2
Matthew R Goodrum
Since the nineteenth century, hominid palaeontology has offered critical information about prehistoric humans and evidence for human evolution. Human fossils discovered at a time when there was growing agreement that humans existed during the Ice Age became especially significant but also controversial. This paper argues that the techniques used to study human fossils from the 1850s to the 1870s and the way that these specimens were interpreted owed much to the anthropological examination of Stone, Bronze, and Iron Age skeletons retrieved by archaeologists from prehistoric tombs throughout Europe...
September 2016: British Journal for the History of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27532470/the-experiences-of-people-living-with-epilepsy-in-developing-countries-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-evidence
#3
Asahngwa Tanywe, Chelea Matchawe, Ritin Fernandez
BACKGROUND: Epilepsy is a global public health problem affecting people of all ages, sex, races, nations and social class. The majority of the 50 million people with epilepsy live in developing countries, with a prevalence rate of five to 10 people per 1000. The disease poses an enormous psychological, social and economic burden on patients. An estimated 90% of people with epilepsy in developing countries do not receive treatment due to sociocultural, economic and political factors. Current treatment interventions are limited to the clinical management of the disease and are largely driven by the healthcare provider's perspective, ignoring the experiences of people living with epilepsy (PLWE)...
May 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27490876/marginalization-a-revisitation-with-integration-of-scholarship-on-globalization-intersectionality-privilege-microaggressions-and-implicit-biases
#4
Joanne M Hall, Kelly Carlson
In 1994, the concept of marginalization was explored in an article in Advances in Nursing Science. This is a revisitation of the concept incorporating new scholarship. This update is founded on feminism, postcolonialism, critical race theory, and discourse deconstruction, all viewpoints that have been explicated in nursing. The purpose of this analysis is to look at new scholarship and concepts useful to applying marginalization in nursing knowledge development from the standpoint of Bourdieu's macro, meso, and micro levels...
July 2016: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27462962/contemporary-issues-of-social-justice-a-focus-on-race-and-physical-education-in-the-united-states
#5
Louis Harrison, Langston Clark
Ongoing events in the United States show the continual need to address issues of social justice in every social context. Of particular note in this article, the contemporary national focus on race has thrust social justice issues into the forefront of the country's conscious. Although legal segregation has ran its course, schools and many neighborhoods remain, to a large degree, culturally, ethnically, linguistically, economically, and racially segregated and unequal (Orfield & Lee, 2005). Even though an African American president presently occupies the White House, the idea of a postracial America remains an unrealized ideal...
September 2016: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27432213/does-race-still-matter-in-nursing-the-narratives-of-african-american-nursing-faculty-members
#6
Kenya V Beard, Wrenetha A Julion
BACKGROUND: The rise in undergraduate enrollment of African-American students has not translated into more African-American faculty members, although they could mentor minority students and promote an ethos that encourages their academic success. Discrimination against African-American faculty members continues, which could lessen their presence. PURPOSE: This study explored the narratives of 23 African-American faculty members to determine if race still matters in nursing...
November 2016: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27392800/commentary-an-asian-americanist-perspective-on-child-development
#7
Richard M Lee, Adam Y J Kim, Xiang Zhou
In this commentary, we put forth an Asian Americanist perspective on child development that frames, expands upon, and at times challenges the contextual, conceptual, and methodological ideas put forward by Kiang et al., Mistry et al., and Yoshikawa et al. (this volume). This Asian Americanist perspective draws upon scholarship in Asian American Studies and critical race theory to bridge the historical, conceptual, and methodological contributions of the three articles. We also aim to challenge current and future generations of scholars studying Asian American child development to look at Asian American youth and families as autonomous, self-determining agents who are capable of challenging, resisting, and affecting change in a racialized society...
July 2016: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27383087/in-their-own-words-success-stories-from-the-great-lakes-native-american-research-center-for-health
#8
Matthew Dellinger, Brian Jackson, Amy Poupart
In 2009, the Great Lakes Native American Research Center for Health (GLNARCH) set out to generate a promotional video that highlights the successes of the program. Ten GLNARCH interns were interviewed and filmed for participation in the promotional video using a documentary production style. During the editing and transcription process, interviewer responses were noted for relevance to theoretical frameworks--specifically, tribal critical race theory, mentoring, and cultural compatibility--which guided GLNARCH program design...
2016: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27367141/the-framing-of-women-and-health-disparities-a-critical-look-at-race-gender-and-class-from-the-perspectives-of-grassroots-health-communicators
#9
Jennifer Vardeman-Winter
As women's health has received significant political and media attention recently, I proposed an expanded structural theory of women's communication about health. Women's health communication and critical race and systemic racism research framed this study. I interviewed 15 communicators and community health workers from grass-roots organizations focused on women's health to learn of their challenges of communicating with women from communities experiencing health disparities. Findings suggest that communicators face difficulties in developing meaningful messaging for publics because of disjunctures between medical and community frames, issues in searching for health among women's many priorities, Whiteness discourses imposed on publics' experiences, and practices of correcting for power differentials...
July 1, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27321751/judith-butler-s-theories-reflections-for-nursing-research-and-practice
#10
Maurice G Nagington
Judith Butler is one of the most influential late 20th and early 21st century philosophers in regard to left wing politics, as well as an active campaigner for social justice within the United States and worldwide. Her academic work has been foundational to the academic discipline of queer theory and has been extensively critiqued and applied across a hugely wide range of disciplines. In addition, Butler's work itself is extensive covering topics such as gender, sexuality, race, literary theory, and warfare...
October 2016: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27213836/the-other-side-of-the-brain-the-politics-of-split-brain-research-in-the-1970s-1980s
#11
Michael E Staub
In the course of the 1970s and 1980s, theories derived from neuropsychological research on the bisected brain came rapidly to achieve the status of common sense in the United States and Canada, inflecting all manner of popular and academic discussion. These theories often posited that the right hemisphere was the seat of creative expression, whereas the left hemisphere housed rationality and language. This article analyzes the political and cultural implications of theories about the split brain. Gender relations, educational reform, management theory, race relations, and countercultural concepts about self-expression all quickly came to be viewed through the lens of left-brain/right-brain neuropsychological research...
May 23, 2016: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27196389/domestic-violence-survivors-empowerment-and-mental-health-exploring-the-role-of-the-alliance-with-advocates
#12
Lisa A Goodman, Jennifer E Fauci, Cris M Sullivan, Craig D DiGiovanni, Joshua M Wilson
Over the last 4 decades, domestic violence (DV) programs-both residential and nonresidential-have sprung up in communities across the country with the aim of helping survivors become safe. These programs place strong emphasis on the relationship between the advocate and survivor as critical to becoming safer and healing from the trauma of abuse. Yet little research has demonstrated the extent to which specific aspects of the advocate-survivor alliance are related to specific indicators of survivor well-being, nor shown what factors might mediate that relationship...
2016: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27105445/when-sex-and-power-collide-an-argument-for-critical-sexuality-studies
#13
Breanne Fahs, Sara I McClelland
Attentive to the collision of sex and power, we add momentum to the ongoing development of the subfield of critical sexuality studies. We argue that this body of work is defined by its critical orientation toward the study of sexuality, along with a clear allegiance to critical modalities of thought, particularly feminist thought. Critical sexuality studies takes its cues from several other critical moments in related fields, including critical psychology, critical race theory, critical public health, and critical youth studies...
May 2016: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27067241/validation-of-the-sexual-orientation-microaggression-inventory-in-two-diverse-samples-of-lgbtq-youth
#14
Gregory Swann, Reese Minshew, Michael E Newcomb, Brian Mustanski
Critical race theory asserts that microaggressions, or low-level, covert acts of aggression, are commonplace in the lives of people of color. These theorists also assert a taxonomy of microaggressions, which includes "microassaults," "microinsults," and "microinvalidations". The theory of microaggressions has been adopted by researchers of LGBTQ communities. This study investigated the three-factor taxonomy as it relates to a diverse sample of LGBTQ youth using the newly developed Sexual Orientation Microaggression Inventory (SOMI)...
August 2016: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26988599/deconstruction-of-destruction-stories-narrative-inequality-and-disasters
#15
Ashleigh Elain McKinzie
A commonly-held belief is that natural disasters do not discriminate. This paper, though, poses the following theoretical question: what does the elision of race, class, and gender in the news media say about disasters in the neoliberal era? It draws on the author's analysis of two prominent newspapers-The New York Times and USA Today-and their coverage of the recovery process after devastating tornadoes in two towns in the United States (Tuscaloosa, Alabama, and Joplin, Missouri) in 2011. The study asserts that the narrative of the news media is one with which people are familiar and that it fits into larger 'formula stories'...
March 14, 2016: Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26956069/toward-an-intersectional-approach-in-developmental-science-the-role-of-race-gender-sexual-orientation-and-immigrant-status
#16
REVIEW
Negin Ghavami, Dalal Katsiaficas, Leoandra Onnie Rogers
Developmental theory and research have often focused on a single social identity category, for example, race or sexual orientation, and examined the consequences of that category on life outcomes. Yet intersectional models of social disadvantage (eg, Cole, 2009; Crenshaw, 1995; King, 1988) suggest that social categories combine to shape the experiences and life outcomes of individuals across life domains. In this chapter, we review empirical research that offers insight into the intersectionality of social identities across three critical developmental periods, namely, middle childhood, adolescence, and emerging adulthood...
2016: Advances in Child Development and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26326224/parallel-maintenance-of-type-and-token-representations-in-visual-working-memory
#17
Jun Saiki
Binding of non-spatial features in visual working memory (VWM), and the role of location in binding, remain unknown. Empirical evidence for and against feature binding in VWM has been based on null results. Object file theory postulates that spatiotemporal location is critical in maintenance of feature binding in VWM, but no evidence has been provided for the binding of feature conjunction to location. The current study combined the redundancy gain paradigm and the object reviewing paradigm to investigate the relationship between color-shape binding and location...
2015: Journal of Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26265532/patient-centered-mhealth-living-donor-transplant-education-program-for-african-americans-development-and-analysis
#18
John Christopher Sieverdes, Lynne S Nemeth, Gayenell S Magwood, Prabhakar K Baliga, Kenneth D Chavin, Brenda Brunner-Jackson, Sachin K Patel, Kenneth J Ruggiero, Frank A Treiber
BACKGROUND: There is a critical need to expand the pool of available kidneys for African Americans who are on the transplant wait-list due to the disproportionally lower availability of deceased donor kidneys compared with other races/ethnic groups. Encouraging living donation is one method to fill this need. Incorporating mHealth strategies may be a way to deliver educational and supportive services to African American transplant-eligible patients and improve reach to those living in remote areas or unable to attend traditional group-session-based programs...
2015: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26199078/does-college-matter-for-emerging-adulthood-comparing-developmental-trajectories-of-educational-groups
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Lauren L Mitchell, Moin Syed
Critics of emerging adulthood theory have suggested that it only applies to college students, but this assertion has largely gone untested. The purpose of the present study was to compare developmental trajectories of non-students versus college-educated youth in theoretically relevant domains of work, love, and financial independence. Using data from the Youth Development Study (N = 1139, 49.6 % female, 63.3 % White, 10.9 % Southeast Asian, 1.5 % Other Asian, 8.6 % Black, 5.3 % Mixed Race, 4.0 % Latino, 0...
November 2015: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26077935/experimental-evidence-of-genome-wide-impact-of-ecological-selection-during-early-stages-of-speciation-with-gene-flow
#20
Scott P Egan, Gregory J Ragland, Lauren Assour, Thomas H Q Powell, Glen R Hood, Scott Emrich, Patrik Nosil, Jeffrey L Feder
Theory predicts that speciation-with-gene-flow is more likely when the consequences of selection for population divergence transitions from mainly direct effects of selection acting on individual genes to a collective property of all selected genes in the genome. Thus, understanding the direct impacts of ecologically based selection, as well as the indirect effects due to correlations among loci, is critical to understanding speciation. Here, we measure the genome-wide impacts of host-associated selection between hawthorn and apple host races of Rhagoletis pomonella (Diptera: Tephritidae), a model for contemporary speciation-with-gene-flow...
August 2015: Ecology Letters
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