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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156440/pharmaceutical-and-personal-care-products-induced-stress-symptoms-and-detoxification-mechanisms-in-cucumber-plants
#1
Chengliang Sun, Stacia Dudley, John Trumble, Jay Gan
Contamination of agricultural soils by pharmaceutical and personal care products (PPCPs) resulting from the application of treated wastewater, biosolids and animal wastes constitutes a potential environmental risk in many countries. To date a handful of studies have considered the phytotoxicity of individual PPCPs in crop plants, however, little is known about the effect of PPCPs as mixtures at environmentally relevant levels. This study investigated the uptake and transport, physiological responses and detoxification of a mixture of 17 PPCPs in cucumber seedlings...
November 17, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156303/assessment-of-nickel-bioavailability-through-chemical-extractants-and-red-clover-trifolium-pratense-l-in-an-amended-soil-related-changes-in-various-parameters-of-red-clover
#2
Ali Khan Shahbaz, Muhammad Iqbal, Abdul Jabbar, Sabir Hussain, Muhammad Ibrahim
Application of immobilizing agents may efficiently reduce the bioavailability of nickel (Ni) in the soil. Here we report the effect of biochar (BC), gravel sludge (GS) and zeolite (ZE) as a sole treatment and their combinations on the bioavailability of Ni after their application into a Ni-polluted soil. The bioavailability of Ni after the application of immobilizing agents was assessed through an indicator plant (red clover) and chemical indicators of bioavailability like soil water extract (SWE), DTPA and Ca(NO3)2 extracts...
November 17, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155872/sulfur-dioxide-alleviates-programmed-cell-death-in-barley-aleurone-by-acting-as-an-antioxidant
#3
Sha-Sha Wang, Ying-Xin Zhang, Feng Yang, Zhong-Qin Huang, Jun Tang, Kang-Di Hu, Hua Zhang
Sulfur dioxide (SO2), a gaseous signaling molecule in animal cells, has recently been found to play a physiological role in plants. Here we studied the role of SO2 in gibberellic acid (GA3)-induced programmed cell death (PCD) in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) aleurone layers. The application of the SO2 donor (NaHSO3/Na2SO3, 1:3 M/M) effectively alleviated PCD in barley aleurone layers in a dose-dependent manner with an optimal concentration of 50 μM. Further investigations showed that SO2 reduced the accumulation of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), superoxide anion (⋅O2-) and malondialdehyde (MDA) in aleurone layers...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151143/salinity-reduces-2-4-d-efficacy-in-echinochloa-crusgalli-by-affecting-redox-balance-nutrient-acquisition-and-hormonal-regulation
#4
Faisal Islam, Yuan Xie, Muhammad A Farooq, Jian Wang, Chong Yang, Rafaqat A Gill, Jinwen Zhu, Weijun Zhou
Distinct salinity levels have been reported to enhance plants tolerance to different types of stresses. The aim of this research is to assess the interaction of saline stress and the use of 2,4-D as a means of controlling the growth of Echinochloa crusgalli. The resultant effect of such interaction is vital for a sustainable approach of weed management and food production. The results showed that 2,4-D alone treatment reduces the chlorophyll contents, photosynthetic capacity, enhanced MDA, electrolyte leakage, and ROS production (H2O2, O2(·-)) and inhibited the activities of ROS scavenging enzymes...
November 18, 2017: Protoplasma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142438/molecular-simulation-based-combinatorial-modeling-and-antioxidant-activities-of-zingiberaceae-family-rhizomes
#5
Talambedu Usha, Sushen Pradhan, Arvind Kumar Goyal, Shanmugarajan Dhivya, H P Prashanth Kumar, Manoj Kumar Singh, Neelu Joshi, Bharat Chandra Basistha, K R Siddalinga Murthy, Saravanakumar Selvaraj, Sushil Kumar Middha
Objective: The main aim of this scientific report was to investigate a series of phytochemicals in silico and the pharmacology of four plants found at higher altitude in the ginger family, Zingiberaceae (incl. Costaceae) from North-East India, particularly Sikkim. First, the goal was to determine the biological activities of the four herbs (used under Zingiberaceae family) using antioxidant assays to identify the best species. Second, previously reported compounds in litero were subsequently screened for their anticancerous activities using in silico methods...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142435/characterization-of-the-phenolic-compound-gallic-acid-from-sansevieria-roxburghiana-schult-and-schult-f-rhizomes-and-antioxidant-and-cytotoxic-activities-evaluation
#6
Rajalekshmi Maheshwari, Chandrashekara Shastry Shreedhara, Picheswara Rao Polu, Renuka Suresh Managuli, Seena Kanniparambil Xavier, Richard Lobo, Manjunath Setty, Srinivas Mutalik
Background: Sansevieria roxburghiana Schult. and Schult. f. (Asparagaceae) grows in India, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, and tropical Africa. Even though the plant has been traditionally used for the treatment of many ailments, the antioxidant and antiproliferative activities of S. roxburghiana methanol extract and its fractions have not yet been explored. Materials and Methods: Quantitative estimation of phenols and different antioxidant assays were performed using standard methods...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141586/profiling-membrane-glycerolipids-during-%C3%AE-ray-induced-membrane-injury
#7
Guowei Zheng, Weiqi Li
BACKGROUND: γ-rays are high-energy radiation that cause a range of random injuries to plant cells. Most studies on this issue have focused on γ-ray-induced nucleotide damage and the production of reactive oxygen species in cells, so little is known about the glycerolipid metabolism during γ-rays induced membrane injury. Using an ESI-MS/MS-based lipidomic method, we analysed the lipidome changes in wild-type and phospholipase D (PLD)δ- and α1-deficient Arabidopsis after γ-ray treatment...
November 15, 2017: BMC Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140297/a-proteomic-approach-to-investigate-the-drought-response-in-the-orphan-crop-eragrostis-tef
#8
Rizqah Kamies, Jill M Farrant, Zerihun Tadele, Gina Cannarozzi, Mohammed Suhail Rafudeen
The orphan crop, Eragrostis tef, was subjected to controlled drought conditions to observe the physiological parameters and proteins changing in response to dehydration stress. Physiological measurements involving electrolyte leakage, chlorophyll fluorescence and ultra-structural analysis showed tef plants tolerated water loss to 50% relative water content (RWC) before adverse effects in leaf tissues were observed. Proteomic analysis using isobaric tag for relative and absolute quantification (iTRAQ) mass spectrometry and appropriate database searching enabled the detection of 5727 proteins, of which 211 proteins, including a number of spliced variants, were found to be differentially regulated with the imposed stress conditions...
November 15, 2017: Proteomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136573/engineered-nickel-oxide-nanoparticles-affect-genome-stability-in-allium-cepa-l
#9
Indrani Manna, Maumita Bandyopadhyay
Indiscriminate uses of engineered nickel oxide nanoparticles (NiO-NPs) in heavy industries have ushered their introduction into the natural environment, ensuing novel interactions with biotic components of the ecosystem. Though much is known about the toxicity of NiO-NPs on animals, their phytotoxic potential is not well elucidated. NiO-NP hinders intra-cellular homeostasis by producing ROS in excess, having profound effect on the antioxidant profile of exposed animal and plant tissues. In the present study, bulbs of the model plant Allium cepa were treated with varying concentrations of NiO-NP (10 mg L(-1) - 500 mg L(-1)) to study changes in ROS production and potential genotoxic effect...
November 8, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134709/light-sensing-by-opsins-and-fungal-ecology-nop-1-modulates-entry-into-sexual-reproduction-in-response-to-environmental-cues
#10
Zheng Wang, Junrui Wang, Ning Li, Jigang Li, Frances Trail, Jay C Dunlap, Jeffrey P Townsend
Understanding the genetic basis of the switch from asexual to sexual lifestyles in response to sometimes rapid environmental changes is one of the major challenges in fungal ecology. Light appears to play a critical role in the switch-but fungal genomes harbor diverse light sensors. Fungal opsins are homologous to bacterial green-light sensory rhodopsins, and their organismal functions in fungi have not been well understood. Three of these opsin-like proteins were widely distributed across fungal genomes, but homologs of the Fusarium opsin-like protein CarO were present only in plant-associated fungi...
November 13, 2017: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133823/identification-of-mirna-mediated-drought-responsive-multi-tiered-regulatory-network-in-drought-tolerant-rice-nagina-22
#11
Sonia Balyan, Mukesh Kumar, Roseeta Devi Mutum, Utkarsh Raghuvanshi, Priyanka Agarwal, Saloni Mathur, Saurabh Raghuvanshi
Comparative characterization of microRNA-mediated stress regulatory networks in contrasting rice cultivars is critical to decipher plant stress response. Consequently, a multi-level comparative analysis, using sRNA sequencing, degradome analysis, enzymatic and metabolite assays and metal ion analysis, in drought tolerant and sensitive rice cultivars was conducted. The study identified a group of miRNAs "Cultivar-specific drought responsive" (CSDR)-miRNAs (osa-miR159f, osa-miR1871, osa-miR398b, osa-miR408-3p, osa-miR2878-5p, osa-miR528-5p and osa-miR397a) that were up-regulated in the flag-leaves of tolerant cultivar, Nagina 22 (N22) and Vandana, but down-regulated in the sensitive cultivar, Pusa Basmati 1 (PB1) and IR64, during drought...
November 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132375/comparative-transcriptome-analysis-of-soybean-response-to-bean-pyralid-larvae
#12
Weiying Zeng, Zudong Sun, Zhaoyan Cai, Huaizhu Chen, Zhenguang Lai, Shouzhen Yang, Xiangmin Tang
BACKGROUND: Soybean is one of most important oilseed crop worldwide, however, its production is often limited by many insect pests. Bean pyralid is one of the major soybean leaf-feeding insects in China. To explore the defense mechanisms of soybean resistance to bean pyralid, the comparative transcriptome sequencing was completed between the leaves infested with bean pyralid larvae and no worm of soybean (Gantai-2-2 and Wan82-178) on the Illumina HiSeq™ 2000 platform. RESULTS: In total, we identified 1744 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in the leaves of Gantai-2-2 (1064) and Wan82-178 (680) fed by bean pyralid for 48 h, compared to 0 h...
November 13, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126631/antioxidant-response-to-heat-stress-in-seagrasses-a-gene-expression-study
#13
O Tutar, L Marín-Guirao, J M Ruiz, G Procaccini
Seawater warming associated to the ongoing climate change threatens functioning and survival of keystone coastal benthic species such as seagrasses. Under elevated temperatures, the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) is increased and plants must activate their antioxidant defense mechanisms to protect themselves from oxidative damage. Here we explore from a molecular perspective the ability of Mediterranean seagrasses to activate heat stress response mechanisms, with particular focus on antioxidants...
October 27, 2017: Marine Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125985/cadmium-toxicity-and-its-amelioration-by-kinetin-in-tomato-seedlings-vis-%C3%A3-vis-ascorbate-glutathione-cycle
#14
Shikha Singh, Anita Singh, Prabhat Kumar Srivastava, Sheo Mohan Prasad
The supplementation of plant hormones may enhance the tolerance capacity of plants against certain environmental stresses by increasing their physiological functioning and detoxification capacity. To answer the question that whether a phytohormone 'kinetin' (KN, 6-furfuylaminopurine), one of the artificial cytokinins could ameliorate the cadmium induced toxicity in tomato seedlings, the effect of KN was assessed in differentially cadmium (Cd1: 3mgkg(-1) sand and Cd2: 9mgkg(-1) sand) intoxicated tomato seedlings by estimating the changes in reactive oxygen species (ROS, viz...
October 28, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124841/regulation-of-cysteine-residues-in-lsrb-proteins-from-sinorhizobium-meliloti-under-free-living-and-symbiotic-oxidative-stress
#15
Guirong Tang, Shenghui Xing, Sunjun Wang, Liangliang Yu, Xuan Li, Christian Staehelin, Menghua Yang, Li Luo
The development of legume nitrogen-fixing nodules is regulated by reactive oxygen species (ROS) produced by symbionts. Several regulators from Rhizobium are involved in ROS sensing. In a previous study, we found that Sinorhizobium meliloti LsrB regulates lipopolysaccharide production and is associated with H2 O2 accumulation in alfalfa (Medicago sativa) nodules. However, its underlying regulatory mechanism remains unclear. Here, we report that the cysteine residues in LsrB are required for adaptation to oxidative stress, gene expression, alfalfa nodulation and nitrogen fixation...
November 10, 2017: Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121910/thai-plants-with-high-antioxidant-levels-free-radical-scavenging-activity-anti-tyrosinase-and-anti-collagenase-activity
#16
Moragot Chatatikun, Anchalee Chiabchalard
BACKGROUND: Ultraviolet radiation from sunlight induces overproduction of reactive oxygen species (ROS) resulting in skin photoaging and hyperpigmentation disorders. Novel whitening and anti-wrinkle compounds from natural products have recently become of increasing interest. The purpose of this study was to find products that reduce ROS in 14 Thai plant extracts. METHODS: To determine total phenolic and flavonoid content, antioxidant activity, anti-tyrosinase activity and anti-collagenase activity, we compared extracts of 14 Thai plants prepared using different solvents (petroleum ether, dichloromethane and ethanol)...
November 9, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121705/reactive-oxygen-species-depletion-by-silibinin-stimulates-apoptosis-like-death-in-escherichia-coli
#17
Bin Lee, Dong Gun Lee
Silibinin is the major active component of silymarin, extracted from medicinal plant Silybum marianum. Silibinin has potent antibacterial activity; however, the exact mechanism underlying its activity has not been elucidated. Here, we investigated the novel mechanism of silibinin against Escherichia coli. Time-kill kinetic assay showed that silibinin possess a bactericidal effect at minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) and higher concentrations (two and four-fold MIC). At the membrane depolarization and increased intracellular Ca²⁺ levels were observed, considered as characteristics of bacterial apoptosis...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121271/genome-wide-identification-of-arabidopsis-lbd29-target-genes-reveals-the-molecular-events-behind-auxin-induced-cell-reprograming-during-callus-formation
#18
Chongyi Xu, Huifen Cao, Enjun Xu, Shiqi Zhang, Yuxin Hu
Auxin-induced callus formation represents an important cell reprograming process during in vitro regeneration of plants, in which the pericycle or pericycle-like cells within plant organs are reprogramed into the pluripotent cell mass termed callus that is generally required for subsequent regeneration of root or shoot. However, the molecular events behind cell reprograming during auxin-induced callus formation are largely elusive. We previously identified that auxin-induced LBD transcription factors act as the master regulators to trigger auxin-induced callus formation...
November 7, 2017: Plant & Cell Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121266/stress-inducible-galactinol-synthase-of-chickpea-cagols-implicates-in-heat-and-oxidative-stress-tolerance-through-reducing-stress-induced-excessive-reactive-oxygen-species-accumulation
#19
Prafull Salvi, Nitin Uttam Kamble, Manoj Majee
Raffinose Family Oligosaccharides (RFOs) participates in various aspects of plant physiology and galactinol synthase (GolS, EC 2.4.1.123) catalyzes the key step of RFO biosynthesis. Stress induced accumulation of RFOs particularly galactinol and raffinose has been reported in few plants; however their precise role and mechanistic insight in stress adaptation remain elusive. In present study, we have shown that the GolS activity as well as galactinol and raffinose content are significantly increased in response to various abiotic stresses in chickpea...
November 7, 2017: Plant & Cell Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119970/hispidulin-mediates-apoptosis-in-human-renal-cell-carcinoma-by-inducing-ceramide-accumulation
#20
Hui Gao, Ming-Quan Gao, Jian-Jun Peng, Mei Han, Kai-Li Liu, Yan-Tao Han
Hispidulin, a polyphenolic flavonoid extracted from the traditional Chinese medicinal plant S involucrata, exhibits anti-tumor effects in a wide array of human cancer cells, mainly through growth inhibition, apoptosis induction and cell cycle arrest. However, its precise anticancer mechanisms remain unclear. In this study, we investigated the molecular mechanisms that contribute to hispidulin-induced apoptosis of human clear-cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) lines Caki-2 and ACHN. Hispidulin (10, 20 μmol/L) decreased the viability of ccRCC cells in dose- and time-dependent manners without affecting that of normal tubular epithelial cells...
November 9, 2017: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
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