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Anabaena sp.PCC 7120

Hajime Masukawa, Hidehiro Sakurai, Robert P Hausinger, Kazuhito Inoue
The effects of increasing the heterocyst-to-vegetative cell ratio on the nitrogenase-based photobiological hydrogen production by the filamentous heterocyst-forming cyanobacterium Anabaena sp. PCC 7120 were studied. Using the uptake hydrogenase-disrupted mutant (ΔHup) as the parent, a deletion-insertion mutant (PN1) was created in patN, known to be involved in heterocyst pattern formation and leading to multiple singular heterocysts (MSH) in Nostoc punctiforme strain ATCC 29133. The PN1 strain showed heterocyst differentiation but failed to grow in medium free of combined-nitrogen; however, a spontaneous mutant (PN22) was obtained on prolonged incubation of PN1 liquid cultures and was able to grow robustly on N2...
January 7, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Mercedes Nieves-Morión, Conrad W Mullineaux, Enrique Flores
: Heterocyst-forming cyanobacteria grow as filaments in which intercellular molecular exchange takes place. During the differentiation of N2-fixing heterocysts, regulators are transferred between cells. In the diazotrophic filament, vegetative cells that fix CO2 through oxygenic photosynthesis provide the heterocysts with reduced carbon and heterocysts provide the vegetative cells with fixed nitrogen. Intercellular molecular transfer has been traced with fluorescent markers, including calcein, 5-carboxyfluorescein, and the sucrose analogue esculin, which are observed to move down their concentration gradient...
January 3, 2017: MBio
Shoko Mihara, Keisuke Yoshida, Akiyoshi Higo, Toru Hisabori
The redox regulation system is widely accepted as a crucial mechanism for controlling the activities of various metabolic enzymes. In addition to thioredoxin reductase/thioredoxin cascades, NADPH-thioredoxin reductase C (NTRC), a hybrid protein formed by an NADPH-thioredoxin reductase domain and a thioredoxin (Trx) domain, is present in chloroplasts and in most cyanobacteria species. Although several target proteins and physiological functions of NTRC in chloroplasts have been characterized, little is known about NTRC functions in cyanobacteria...
December 22, 2016: Plant & Cell Physiology
Neha Chaurasia, Yogesh Mishra, Antra Chatterjee, Ruchi Rai, Shivam Yadav, L C Rai
The present study provides data on the insertion of an extra copy of phytochelatin synthase (alr0975) in Anabaena sp. PCC 7120. The recombinant strain (AnFPN-pcs) compared to wild type showed approximately 22.3% increase in growth rate under UV-B, NaCl, heat, CuCl2, carbofuran, and CdCl2. It also registered 2.25-fold enhanced nitrogenase activity and 5-fold higher phytochelatin production. A comparison of the protein profile of wild type with the recombinant strain revealed that recombinant strain accumulated proteins belonging to the following categories: (i) detoxification (nutrient stress induced DNA binding protein, Mn-SOD, Alr0946 (CalA)), (ii) protein folding and modification (molecular chaperone DnaK, FKBP-type peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerase), (iii) nucleotide and amino acid biosynthesis (dihydroorotase and Ketol-acid reductoisomerase), (iv) photosynthesis and respiration (coproporphyrinogen III oxidase, phycocyanin alpha chain, ferredoxin-NADP(+) reductase), and (v) transport (sugar transport ATP-binding protein)...
December 20, 2016: Protoplasma
Bandita Panda, Bhakti Basu, Celin Acharya, Hema Rajaram, Shree Kumar Apte
: Two strains of the nitrogen-fixing cyanobacterium Anabaena, native to Indian paddy fields, displayed differential sensitivity to exposure to uranyl carbonate at neutral pH. Anabaena sp. strain PCC 7120 and Anabaena sp. strain L-31 displayed 50% reduction in survival (LD50 dose), following 3h exposure to 75μM and 200μM uranyl carbonate, respectively. Uranium responsive proteome alterations were visualized by 2D gel electrophoresis, followed by protein identification by MALDI-ToF mass spectrometry...
January 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
Savita Singh, Ekta Verma, Niveshika, Balkrishna Tiwari, Arun Kumar Mishra
Influence of various levels of CaCl2 (0, 1, 10 and 100 mM) on exopolysaccharide production has been investigated in the cyanobacterium Anabaena 7120. At the concentration of 1 mM CaCl2, growth was found to be stimulatory while 100 mM was sub lethal for the cyanobacterial cells. Estimation of EPS content revealed that EPS production depends on the concentration of calcium ions in the immediate environment with maximum being at10 mM CaCl2. A possible involvement of alr2882 gene in the process of EPS production was also revealed through qRT-PCR...
October 2016: Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants: An International Journal of Functional Plant Biology
You Chen, Arnaud Taton, Michaela Go, Ross E London, Lindsey M Pieper, Susan S Golden, James W Golden
To facilitate development of synthetic biology tools for genetic engineering of cyanobacterial strains, we constructed pANS-derived self-replicating shuttle vectors that are based on the minimal replication element of the Synechococcus elongatus strain PCC 7942 plasmid pANS. To remove the possibility of homologous recombination events between the shuttle plasmids and the native pANS plasmid, the endogenous pANS was cured through plasmid incompatibility-mediated spontaneous loss. A heterologous toxin-antitoxin cassette was incorporated into the shuttle vectors for stable plasmid maintenance in the absence of antibiotic selection...
December 2016: Microbiology
David Malatinszky, Ralf Steuer, Patrik R Jones
Anabaena sp. PCC 7120 is a nitrogen-fixing filamentous cyanobacterium. Under nitrogen-limiting conditions, a fraction of the vegetative cells in each filament terminally differentiate to nongrowing heterocysts. Heterocysts are metabolically and structurally specialized to enable O2-sensitive nitrogen fixation. The functionality of the filament, as an association of vegetative cells and heterocysts, is postulated to depend on metabolic exchange of electrons, carbon, and fixed nitrogen. In this study, we compile and evaluate a comprehensive curated stoichiometric model of this two-cell system, with the objective function based on the growth of the filament under diazotrophic conditions...
January 2017: Plant Physiology
Amit Srivastava, Klaus Brilisauer, Ashutosh K Rai, Anand Ballal, Karl Forchhammer, Anil K Tripathi
Alternative sigma factors belonging to Group 3 are thought to play an important role in the adaptation of cyanobacteria to environmental challenges by altering expression of genes needed for coping with such stresses. In this study, the role of an alternative sigma factor, SigJ, was analyzed in the filamentous nitrogen-fixing cyanobacterium, Anabaena sp. PCC 7120 by knocking down the expression of the sigJ gene (alr0277) employing an antisense RNA-mediated approach. In the absence of any stress, the knock-down (KD0277) or the wild-type strain both grew similarly...
November 10, 2016: Plant & Cell Physiology
Ryudo Ohbayashi, Jun-Ya Yamamoto, Satoru Watanabe, Yu Kanesaki, Taku Chibazakura, Shin-Ya Miyagishima, Hirofumi Yoshikawa
Cyanobacteria exhibit light-dependent cell growth since most of their cellular energy is obtained by photosynthesis. In Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942, one of the model cyanobacteria, DNA replication depends on photosynthetic electron transport. However, the critical signal for the regulatory mechanism of DNA replication has not been identified. In addition, conservation of this regulatory mechanism has not been investigated among cyanobacteria. To understand this regulatory signal and its dependence on light, we examined the regulation of DNA replication under both light and dark conditions among three model cyanobacteria, S...
November 10, 2016: Plant & Cell Physiology
Patrick Videau, Orion S Rivers, Kathryn Hurd, Blake Ushijima, Reid T Oshiro, Rachel J Ende, Samantha M O'Hanlon, Loralyn M Cozy
The commitment of differentiating cells to a specialized fate is fundamental to the correct assembly of tissues within a multicellular organism. Because commitment is often irreversible, entry into and progression through this phase of development must be tightly regulated. Under nitrogen-limiting conditions, the multicellular cyanobacterium Anabaena sp. strain PCC 7120 terminally commits ∼10% of its cells to become specialized nitrogen-fixing heterocysts. Although commitment is known to occur 9-14 h after the induction of differentiation, the factors that regulate the initiation and duration of this phase have yet to be elucidated...
October 24, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Prashant Kumar Singh, Alok Kumar Shrivastava, Shilpi Singh, Ruchi Rai, Antra Chatterjee, L C Rai
In silico derived properties on experimental validation revealed that hypothetical protein Alr2954 of Anabaena sp. PCC7120 is ADP-ribose pyrophosphatase, which belongs to nudix hydrolase superfamily. Presence of ADP-ribose binding site was attested by ADP-ribose pyrophosphatase activity (K m 44.71 ± 8.043 mM, V max 7.128 ± 0.417 μmol min(-1) mg protein(-1), and K cat/K m 9.438 × 10(4) μM(-)1 min(-1)). Besides ADP-ribose, the enzyme efficiently hydrolyzed various nucleoside phosphatases such as 8-oxo-dGDP, 8-oxo-dADP, 8-oxo-dGTP, 8-oxo-dATP, GDP-mannose, ADP-glucose, and NADH...
January 2017: Functional & Integrative Genomics
Akiyoshi Higo, Atsuko Isu, Yuki Fukaya, Toru Hisabori
In recent years, studies on the development of gene regulation tools in cyanobacteria have been extensively conducted towards efficient production of valuable chemicals. However, there is considerable scope for improving the economic feasibility of production. To improve a recently reported gene induction system using anhydrotetracycline (aTc)-TetR and an endogenous gene repression system using small antisense RNA in the filamentous nitrogen-fixing cyanobacterium Anabaena sp. PCC 7120 (Anabaena), we constructed a positive feedback loop, in which gfp and a small antisense RNA for tetR are controlled by an aTc-inducible promoter...
September 16, 2016: ACS Synthetic Biology
Sergey Kosourov, Gayathri Murukesan, Jouni Jokela, Yagut Allahverdiyeva
The carotenoid composition of the filamentous heterocystous N2-fixing cyanobacterium Calothrix sp. 336/3 was investigated under three conditions: in full medium (non-diazotrophic growth); in the absence of combined nitrogen (diazotrophic growth); and after long-term H2 photoproduction (diazotrophic medium and absence of nitrogen in the atmosphere). Anabaena sp. PCC 7120 and its ΔhupL mutant with disrupted uptake hydrogenase were used as reference strains. Analysis of identified carotenoids and enzymes involved in carotenogenesis showed the presence of three distinct biosynthetic pathways in Calothrix sp...
November 2016: Plant & Cell Physiology
Balkrishna Tiwari, Sindhunath Chakraborty, Savita Singh, Arun K Mishra
To understand the mechanism underlying organophosphate pesticide toxicity, cyanobacterium Anabaena PCC 7120 was subjected to varied concentrations (0, 5, 10, 20 and 30 mg L(-1)) of profenofos and the effects were investigated in terms of changes in cellular physiology, genomic template stability and protein expression pattern. The supplementation of profenofos reduced the growth, total pigment content and photosynthetic efficiency of the test organism in a dose dependent manner with maximum toxic effect at 30 mg L(-1)...
November 2016: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part. B, Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes
Javier Santamaría-Gómez, Jesús A G Ochoa de Alda, Elvira Olmedo-Verd, Roque Bru-Martínez, Ignacio Luque
tRNAs are charged with cognate amino acids by aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases (aaRSs) and subsequently delivered to the ribosome to be used as substrates for gene translation. Whether aminoacyl-tRNAs are channeled to the ribosome by transit within translational complexes that avoid their diffusion in the cytoplasm is a matter of intense investigation in organisms of the three domains of life. In the cyanobacterium Anabaena sp. PCC 7120, the valyl-tRNA synthetase (ValRS) is anchored to thylakoid membranes by means of the CAAD domain...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
Mareike Rudolf, Mara Stevanovic, Chana Kranzler, Rafael Pernil, Nir Keren, Enrico Schleiff
Many cyanobacteria secrete siderophores to sequester iron. Alternatively, mechanisms to utilize xenosiderophores have evolved. The overall uptake systems are comparable to that of other bacteria involving outer membrane transporters energized by TonB as well as plasma membrane-localized transporters. However, the function of the bioinformatically-inferred components is largely not established and recent studies showed a high diversity of the complexity of the uptake systems in different cyanobacteria. Thus, we approached the systems of the filamentous Anabaena sp...
September 2016: Plant Molecular Biology
Caroline Chénard, Jennifer F Wirth, Curtis A Suttle
UNLABELLED: Here we present the first genomic characterization of viruses infecting Nostoc, a genus of ecologically important cyanobacteria that are widespread in freshwater. Cyanophages A-1 and N-1 were isolated in the 1970s and infect Nostoc sp. strain PCC 7210 but remained genomically uncharacterized. Their 68,304- and 64,960-bp genomes are strikingly different from those of other sequenced cyanophages. Many putative genes that code for proteins with known functions are similar to those found in filamentous cyanobacteria, showing a long evolutionary history in their host...
2016: MBio
M A Radtsig, O A Koksharova, V A Nadtochenko, I A Khmel
Diazotrophic cyanobacteria Anabaena sp. PCC 7120, four Nostoc strains, and two Azotobacter species (A. vinelandii and A. chroococcum) were found to produce gold nanoparticles (GNP) under nitrogen fixation conditions. GNP biogenesis occurred at AuHCl₄ concentrations from 0.1 to 1 mM. In the cultures of unicellular cyanobacteria Synechococcus sp. PCC 7942 and Synechocystis incapable of nitrogen fixation, no GNP were formed at the same concentrations of gold salts. The plasmon resonance band peak was located at 552 nm...
January 2016: Mikrobiologiia
Vicente Mariscal, Dennis J Nürnberg, Antonia Herrero, Conrad W Mullineaux, Enrique Flores
Filamentous, N2 -fixing, heterocyst-forming cyanobacteria grow as chains of cells that are connected by septal junctions. In the model organism Anabaena sp. strain PCC 7120, the septal protein SepJ is required for filament integrity, normal intercellular molecular exchange, heterocyst differentiation, and diazotrophic growth. An Anabaena strain overexpressing SepJ made wider septa between vegetative cells than the wild type, which correlated with a more spread location of SepJ in the septa as observed with a SepJ-GFP fusion, and contained an increased number of nanopores, the septal peptidoglycan perforations that likely accommodate septal junctions...
September 2016: Molecular Microbiology
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