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Staph aureus positive infants

Talat Masoodi, Gowhar Nazir Mufti, Javeed Iqbal Bhat, Rubina Lone, Syed Arshi, Syed Khurshid Ahmad
OBJECTIVE: Neonatal breast hypertrophy is a common phenomenon in term infants, superadded infection can lead to mastitis and that can progress to breast abscess with short and long term detrimental effects. Our effort is to study the prevalence, risk factors, the current microbial profile and sensitivity pattern in these infections in order to suggest an optimal treatment plan for these patients. DESIGN: Case series. SETTING: Hospital based study conducted in Kashmir on the native population...
January 2014: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
V M Hofmann, M Khan, H Olze, R Krüger, A Pudszuhn
BACKGROUND: Persistent cervical lymphadenopathy is the typical clinical manifestation of nontuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) infection in otherwise healthy children 1-5 years of age. A positive NTM culture or PCR is necessary to proof the diagnosis. In the case of localized disease, cervical lymphadenectomy simultaneously serves both diagnosis and therapy. A typical complication of surgical treatment, i.e. incision, puncture or excision, is the formation of a fistula, which then requires further surgical intervention...
August 2014: HNO
G Paul Digoy, Joel D Dunn, Julie A Stoner, Alana Christie, Dwight T Jones
OBJECTIVES: To review the characteristic microbiology of the paranasal sinuses in patients with cystic fibrosis who undergo endoscopic sinus surgery. To examine the subtypes of organisms cultured from the maxillary sinuses and determine their sensitivity to antibiotic therapy. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. SETTING: Tertiary care children's hospital. METHODS: Sinus cultures were obtained from 51 patients with cystic fibrosis during endoscopic sinus procedures between 2000 and 2004 at a tertiary care children's hospital...
July 2012: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Zardad Muhammad, Ashfaq Ahmed, Umar Hayat, Muhammad Salim Wazir, Rafiyatullah, Huma Waqas
BACKGROUND: Neonatal sepsis is one of the major causes of neonatal morbidity and mortality, particularly in developing countries. The objective of this study was to determine the causative bacteria and level of their resistance to commonly used antibiotics. METHODS: This descriptive study was carried out at Ayub Teaching Hospital, Abbottabad from April 2009 to January 2010. All neonates of either gender admitted in neonatology unit with clinical sepsis and positive blood culture were included in the study...
October 2010: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
N G Vasconcelos, V C Pereira, J P Araújo Júnior, M de L R S da Cunha
AIMS: The objective of this study was to investigate the detection of SEE, SEG, SEH and SEI in strains of Staphylococcus aureus and coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS) using RT-PCR. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this study, 90 Staph. aureus strains and 90 CNS strains were analysed by PCR for the detection of genes encoding staphylococcal enterotoxins (SE) E, G, H and I. One or more genes were detected in 54 (60%) Staph. aureus isolates and in 29 (32.2%) CNS isolates...
September 2011: Journal of Applied Microbiology
E Vaquero Sosa, E Izquierdo García, M Arrizabalaga Asenjo, C Gómez Peñalba, J M Moreno Villares
UNLABELLED: Blood-stream catheter related infection is the most severe complication in patients carrying a central venous catheter. Parenteral nutrition (PN) use seems to be a risk factor for developing a catheter-related infection (CRI). MATERIAL & METHODS: In order to know the incidence of CRI in children to further implement policies to reduce nosocomial infection, we review all charts of children (1 month to 17 years) who received parenteral nutrition while in hospital...
January 2011: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Asghar Marzban, Hadi Samaee, Noredien Mosavinasab
Bacterial sepsis is one of the most common causes of mortality and morbidity in neonates. It has been recognized a gradual change in spectrum of organisms responsible for neonatal sepsis. In this study we have evaluated changing trend of incidence and antibiotic susceptibility in neonatal late - onset sepsis (LOS) in 2-periods. This study is based on results of blood culture in neonatal late-onset sepsis, in 2--periods study throughout 12 - years. Neonatal LOS was defined as clinical signs suggestive of infection with a positive blood culture (B/C) after 72 hrs of birth...
September 2010: Acta Medica Iranica
Dan Yao, Fang-you Yu, Zhi-qiang Qin, Chun Chen, Su-su He, Zeng-qiang Chen, Xue-qing Zhang, Liang-xing Wang
BACKGROUND: Staphylococcus aureus, particularly methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA), is an important cause of pyogenic skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs). The aim of present study is to investigate the molecular characteristic of Staphylococcus aureus isolates isolated from the pus samples from the patients with purulent skin and soft tissue infections in Wenzhou, China. METHODS: Between December 2002 and June 2008, a total of 111 nonduplicate S. aureus isolates were collected from the pus samples of the patients with SSTIs in a teaching hospital in Wenzhou, China...
2010: BMC Infectious Diseases
Hee-Jung Chung, Hong-Seon Jeon, Heungsup Sung, Mi-Na Kim, Soo-Jong Hong
In this study, we investigated the rate of colonization of skin of children with atopic dermatitis (AD) by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and characterized the isolates. Active skin lesions in pediatric AD patients were cultured with Rodac Staph (Komed, Korea). S. aureus isolates were examined for drug susceptibilities, analyzed for the eta, etb, tst, and pvl genes, and typed using agr polymorphism, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis of SmaI-restricted chromosomal DNA, and staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec (SCCmec) typing...
March 2008: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
Torben Ek, Ola Andersson, Anna U Kasemo, Mia Wede, Peter A Nilsson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2007: Läkartidningen
Hanifa Bachou, Thorkild Tylleskär, Deogratias H Kaddu-Mulindwa, James K Tumwine
BACKGROUND: To establish the magnitude of bacteraemia in severely malnourished children, and describe the types of bacteria and antimicrobial sensitivity by HIV status. METHOD: Isolates were recovered from 76 blood specimens. Antibiotic susceptibility tests were performed using commercial antibiotic disks and demographic and clinical findings were recorded. RESULTS: Of the 450 children 63% were male; median age 17.0 months (inter quartile range, IQR 12-24) and 57% had oedema...
2006: BMC Infectious Diseases
Somchai Srirompotong, Supaporn Srirompotong, Patchareeporn Saeseow
Retropharyngeal space infections are relatively rare since the widespread use of modern antibiotics. In children, retropharyngeal space infections usually occur following an upper respiratory tract infection, while in adults they are usually caused by trauma, foreign bodies or extension from adjacent spaces. The authors reviewed 12 patients with retropharyngeal space infection between July 1996 and June 2002. Age, sex, duration of symptoms and hospitalization time, clinical presentation, etiology, underlying disease, bacteriology, treatment and complications were analyzed...
April 2004: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand, Chotmaihet Thangphaet
G Ferraccioli, F Mecchia, E Di Poi, M Fabris
OBJECTIVE: To assess the occurrence of anticardiolipin antibodies (ACA) (as well as of anti-DNA antibodies) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis treated with etanercept or combination therapy. METHODS: Eight patients treated with etanercept 25 mg twice weekly were studied for a period of 85 weeks. A control group of 39 patients with rheumatoid arthritis undergoing combination treatment (methotrexate (MTX) + cyclosporin A or MTX + chloroquine) were studied for the same period of time...
April 2002: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
Kirstine E Agger, Henrik Schrøder, Steen Rosthøj, Niels Torp Carlsen, Kjeld Schmiegelow
INTRODUCTION: Children with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) are treated with intensive chemotherapy, which results in profound immunosuppression. Treatment with trimethoprim/sulphamethoxazole (TMP-SMX) is therefore used in some departments as prophylaxis against infections with both bacteria and Pneumocystis carinii. The use of TMP/SMX for prophylaxis during the induction therapy is not uniform in the four departments of paediatric oncology in Denmark. This gave us the opportunity to describe the effect of TMP/SMX on bacterial infections in children with ALL during the induction therapy...
January 21, 2002: Ugeskrift for Laeger
J Bonhoeffer, B Haeberle, U B Schaad, U Heininger
OBJECTIVE: To review the diagnostic experience with acute haematogenous osteomyelitis (AHOM) and/or septic arthritis at our institution. METHODS: Retrospective review of the medical records of those patients with a bacteriologically and/or radiologically confirmed diagnosis, hospitalised in the University Children's Hospital Basel, Switzerland between January 1980 and July 2000. RESULTS: 90 patients (61% males), 4 weeks to 14 years of age, met the inclusion criteria...
October 6, 2001: Swiss Medical Weekly
I A Angyo, E S Opkeh, S O Opajobi
Blood cultures were performed on 891 children (aged 1 month-16 years) who presented at the Jos University Teaching Hospital (JUTH) with presumed diagnosis of septicaemia, over a three year period (January 1994-December 1996) in order to determine the predominant bacterial agents. One hundred and thirty-nine (15.6%) out of 891 blood cultures were positive. Five of the blood cultures yielded double isolates. Staph. aureus was the commonest bacterial agent isolated and accounted for 36.0%, of all the isolates...
April 2001: Nigerian Journal of Medicine: Journal of the National Association of Resident Doctors of Nigeria
F Ratjen, G Comes, K Paul, H G Posselt, T O Wagner, K Harms
SUMMARY. Continuous therapy with antistaphylococcal antibiotics is advocated by some cystic fibrosis (CF) centers, but it is unclear whether this strategy favors early colonization with P. aeruginosa. We used the data base for the German Centers of the European Registry for Cystic Fibrosis (ERCF) to assess the effect of continuous antistaphyloccocal therapy on the rate of P. aeruginosa acquisition in CF patients. Patients included in this analysis had to be < 18 years of age, P. aeruginosa-negative prior to entry in the ERCF, and to have had at least 2 additional P...
January 2001: Pediatric Pulmonology
P K Das, K Basu, P Chakraborty, P K Bhowmik
Out of 6319 live born babies, 310 (4.9%) with high risk factors and with clinical suspicion of sepsis were studied for incidence pattern of neonatal infections. Incidence of neonatal infection was 2.56% in normal weight babies and 8.42% in low birth weight babies. Total culture positivity was 48.38%. Klebsiella was the most frequent offender, followed by Staph aureus and Staph epidermidis. Majority of klebsiella species were sensitive to ceftriaxone (86%), amikacin (84%) and ceftazidime (80%). Ceftriaxone was effective against Staph aureus (95%) and Staph epidermidis (95%)...
January 1999: Journal of the Indian Medical Association
R Spineanu, T Vaida, S Cheregi, L Burta
In a follow-up study during 20 years (1975-1994) we observed, beside clinical aspects, the evolution of pleuropneumopathies in infants and small children (1-3 years of age), and the etiology of these infections. The casuistry includes 456 children-237 infants (51,97%) and 219 small children, between 1-3 years of age (48,02%), which were admitted in Clinical Children's Hospital from Oradea (Clinical Hospital for Children) with pleuropneumopathies. 4 intervals of time were analyzed comparatively, each of 5 years, starting with a number of 235 cases in the first one and reaching only 45 observations in the last one...
January 1996: Bacteriologia, Virusologia, Parazitologia, Epidemiologia
M A Lewis, T Smith, D Roberts
Functional peritoneal dialysis catheter loss due to persistent or recurrent peritonitis is a common clinical problem in paediatric patients. To examine the effect of positioning of the cuff on infection and loss rate we compared catheters where the cuff was buried in the rectus sheath (deep cuffs) with those where the cuff was sutured to the external oblique muscle, just below the subcutaneous fascia (superficial cuffs). Of 62 catheters inserted into 35 patients (median age 7.76 yrs, range 0-17 yrs) 28 were lost through peritonitis of which 19 (68%) were due to Staph...
October 1996: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
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