Read by QxMD icon Read


U Valerie, S De Brucker, M De Brucker, V Vloeberghs, P Drakopoulos, S Santos-Ribeiro, H Tournaye
STUDY QUESTION: Should we opt for surgical vasovasostomy or IVF/ICSI after a vasectomy? SUMMARY ANSWER: Both options reveal acceptable pregnancy rates though the time to pregnancy was significantly lower in the immediate IVF/ICSI group. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: About 7.4% of men regret their vasectomy and express a renewed child wish. The choice between surgical vasectomy reversal or ICSI remains difficult for patients and their fertility specialist...
May 17, 2018: Human Reproduction
Jeffrey A Cadeddu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Journal of Urology
Marco Cosentino, Maria F Peraza, Alvaro Vives, Josvany Sanchez, Daniel Moreno, Judith Perona, Gerardo Ortiz, Maria Alcoba, Eduardo Ruiz, Joaquim Sarquella
PURPOSE: To identify factors predicting success and analyze critically the status of microsurgical double-layer vasovasostomy using predictive models. METHODS: A cohort of 263 patients treated at our institution for vasectomy reversal between 1986 and 2010 was included in our study, and the literature was reviewed. Inclusion criteria were previous bilateral vasectomy and presence of at least two postoperative semen analyses; patients reporting pregnancy without a postoperative semen analysis were excluded...
April 2018: International Urology and Nephrology
Yasushi Yumura, Akira Tsujimura, Takashi Imamoto, Yukihiro Umemoto, Hideyuki Kobayashi, Koji Shiraishi, Takeshi Shin, Hisanori Taniguchi, Koji Chiba, Yasushi Miyagawa, Teruaki Iwamoto
Purpose: To investigate the incidence, etiology, treatment indications, and outcomes regarding infertile male patients in Japan. Methods: Between April, 2014 and March, 2015, the authors contacted 47 clinical specialists in male infertility who had been certified by the Japan Society for Reproductive Medicine. The participating clinicians were sent a questionnaire regarding information on their infertile patients, according to etiology and the number and success rates of male infertility operations that had been performed in their practice...
January 2018: Reproductive Medicine and Biology
Jin Wang, Qian Liu, Youpeng Zhang, Yongbiao Cheng, Sen Li, Hanqing Zeng, Zhaohui Zhu
OBJECTIVE: To enhance the management of inguinal obstruction, and to present the procedures and results of our surgical strategy for vas deferens obstruction following childhood herniorrhaphy. METHODS: We treated a total of 56 patients diagnosed with obstructive azoospermia following bilateral inguinal herniorrhaphy. First, conventional inguinal open surgery was performed. If the abdominal vas was not identified in the inguinal region, laparoscopy was used to retrieve the deeper abdominal vas deferens, which was obstructed above the internal inguinal ring...
February 2018: Urology
R B Donker, V Vloeberghs, H Groen, H Tournaye, C M A van Ravenswaaij-Arts, J A Land
STUDY QUESTION: What is the prevalence of chromosomal abnormalities in azoospermic men and what are the clinical consequences in terms of increased risk for absent spermatogenesis, miscarriages and offspring with congenital malformations? SUMMARY ANSWER: The prevalence of chromosomal abnormalities in azoospermia was 14.4%, and the number of azoospermic men needed to be screened (NNS) to identify one man with a chromosomal abnormality with increased risk for absence of spermatogenesis was 72, to prevent one miscarriage 370-739 and to prevent one child with congenital malformations 4751-23 757...
December 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
Jong Chul Jeon, Taekmin Kwon, Sejun Park, Sungchan Park, Sang Hyeon Cheon, Kyung Hyun Moon
PURPOSE: Microsurgical vasovasostomy is associated with high patency and pregnancy rates, but is difficult and requires significant effort and time to learn. Therefore, we assessed a simplified loupe-assisted vasovasostomy method using a Prolene stent. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The medical records of 82 patients who underwent loupe-assisted vasovasostomy with a Prolene stent by a single surgeon between January 2004 and December 2015 were reviewed. The association between the vasal obstructive interval (VOI) and the success rate was evaluated...
August 2017: World Journal of Men's Health
Jun Hagiuda, Hiromichi Ishikawa, Masayuki Hagiwara, Hidaka Kono, Ken Nakagawa, Mototsugu Oya
Varicocele is commonly observed in male partners of infertile couples. The surgical ligation of varicoceles under microscopy can be safely performed by a skilled andrologist with most patients subsequently experiencing an improvement in semen quality. This is the first case in which obstructive azoospermia occurred after high inguinal varicocelectomy. The vas deferens was disrupted near the internal inguinal ring by fibrous tissue. A vasovasostomy was performed and semen parameters subsequently recovered.
October 2017: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
Kevin A Ostrowski, Nicholas N Tadros, A Scott Polackwich, R Dale McClure, Eugene F Fuchs, Jason C Hedges
INTRODUCTION: To determine the factors used to make the decision between vasovasostomy (VV) and vasoepididymostomy (VE) by leaders performing microsurgical vasectomy reversal using a questionnaire. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An online questionnaire was sent to all members of the Society for the Study of Male Reproduction (SSMR), a male reproduction subspecialty society of the AUA, using the SurveyMonkey platform. RESULTS: Sixty-seven surgeons responded to the questionnaire (27% of SSMR members)...
February 2017: Canadian Journal of Urology
Unwanaobong Nseyo, Nishant Patel, Tung-Chin Hsieh
OBJECTIVE: To characterize vasectomy reversal practice patterns among American Board of Urology (ABU) certifying urologists. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed the ABU case logs for certifying urologists from 2008 to 2014. Vasectomy reversal procedures were identified by 3 current procedure terminology (CPT) codes: 55400 (vasovasostomy), 54900 (epididymovasostomy, unilateral), and 54901 (epididymovasostomy, bilateral). Demographic data were obtained and reviewed...
November 17, 2016: Urology
Michael T Marshall, Alexander D Doudt, Jonathan H Berger, Brian K Auge, Matthew S Christman, Chong H Choe
Of all patients who have vasectomies performed in the United States, upwards of 6% will pursue a vasectomy reversal. Currently, the gold-standard reversal procedure is a microscopic vasovasostomy utilizing either a one or two-layer vasal anastomosis. Unfortunately, most urologists do not perform these procedures as they require extensive training and experience in microsurgery. The objective of our study was to evaluate the feasibility and success rate of robot-assisted vasovasostomy performed at our institution...
September 2017: Journal of Robotic Surgery
P Li, H X Chen, Y H Huang, E L Zhi, R H Tian, H Zhao, F Yang, H F Sun, Y H Gong, Z J Zhu, Y Hong, Y D Liu, S J Xia, Z Li
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of microsurgical crossover vasovasostomy in treating complicated obstructive azoospermia. Methods: The data of 14 patients with complicated obstructive azoospermia treated with microsurgical crossover vasovasostomy were reviewed from October 2012 to March 2016.Ten of them underwent microsurgical crossover vasovasostomy. Intraoperative exploration revealed that 2 patients had vas deferens injury and contralateral testicular atrophy or epididymal obstruction due to previous hernia repair; 7 patients had obstruction of intracorporeal vas deferens on one side and epididymal obstruction on the other side; the other 1 patient had unilateral vasal obstruction with contralateral epididymal obstruction...
September 27, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Robert Sullivan, Roger Mieusset
BACKGROUND: Spermatozoa acquire their fertilizing ability and forward motility properties during epididymal transit. Our knowledge of gamete physiology is based on studies conducted in laboratory and domestic species; our knowledge of these processes in humans is limited. Medical indications for assisted reproductive technologies (ART) have progressed to include male infertility. Surgical procedures allow collection of spermatozoa from all along the human excurrent ducts, and the former have been used with some success in reproductive medicine...
September 2016: Human Reproduction Update
Anas Lotfi Yasin, Ahmad Lotfi Yasin, Walid Salim Basha
INTRODUCTION: Anti sperm antibodies (ASA) can present in serum and semen and they may lead to impair the sperms function leading to infertility. The precise mechanism of generation of these antibodies is yet to be discovered. AIM: This study was performed to determine the prevalence of anti-sperm antibodies (ASA) in patients with unexplained infertility. The study was initiated also to explore the possible factors that may associate with ASA formation and how ASA status is associated with pregnancy rates after going with in vitro fertilization - intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF-ICSI)...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Abhishek P Patel, Ryan P Smith
Vasectomy is a safe and effective method of contraception used by 42-60 million men worldwide. Approximately 3%-6% of men opt for a vasectomy reversal due to the death of a child or divorce and remarriage, change in financial situation, desire for more children within the same marriage, or to alleviate the dreaded postvasectomy pain syndrome. Unlike vasectomy, vasectomy reversal is a much more technically challenging procedure that is performed only by a minority of urologists and places a larger financial strain on the patient since it is usually not covered by insurance...
May 2016: Asian Journal of Andrology
M E Fuchs, R E Anderson, K A Ostrowski, W O Brant, E F Fuchs
The absence of sperm in the ejaculate after vasectomy reversal is commonly caused by failure to recognize and subsequently bypass epididymal or proximal vasal obstruction at the time of vasectomy reversal. If intra-operative proximal obstruction is suspected, vasoepididymostomy (VE) is recommended rather than vasovasostomy (VV). We sought to calculate the associated risk of needing VE, rather than VV with time from original vasectomy (obstructive interval) using a large cohort of vasectomy reversal patients...
January 2016: Andrology
Yaw A Nyame, Paurush Babbar, Nima Almassi, Alan S Polackwich, Edmund Sabanegh
PURPOSE: Approximately 2% to 6% of men undergoing vasectomy will ultimately have it reversed. Cost is a major consideration for patients and providers with regard to vasovasostomy. Opportunities for cost savings for vasectomy reversal lie in the reduction of variable costs, namely operative time and materials used. In this study we determine the cost benefits of a modified 1-layer vasovasostomy compared to a formal 2-layer vasovasostomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed of a single surgeon experience of vasectomy reversals performed from 2010 to 2015...
February 2016: Journal of Urology
A Scott Polackwich, Nicholas N Tadros, Kevin A Ostrowski, Joe Kent, Michael J Conlin, Jason C Hedges, Eugene F Fuchs
OBJECTIVE: To review our institution's experience and success with vasectomy reversal to treat postvasectomy pain syndrome (PVPS) over the last 20 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A single surgeon (E.F.F.) performed all the vasectomy reversals. We identified 123 procedures done for PVPS treatment and were able to contact 76 patients. We sent surveys or conducted phone interviews inquiring about satisfaction, levels of pain preoperatively and postoperatively, and the need for additional procedures for pain...
August 2015: Urology
Ryan M Dickey, Alexander W Pastuszak, Tariq S Hakky, Aravind Chandrashekar, Ranjith Ramasamy, Larry I Lipshultz
In the USA, about 500,000 vasectomies are performed each year, with up to 6% of men requesting reversal. The technique of vasectomy reversal has evolved from macrosurgical to the implementation of both microscopic and robotic technologies. The very earliest attempts at vasectomy reversal, the vasoepididymostomy and vasovasostomy, have remained central in the treatment of male infertility and will continue to be so for years to come. As seen throughout its history, urological microsurgery has consistently implemented advanced techniques and state-of-the art technology in its craft, and its continued refinement will allow for even more favorable outcomes in the lives of patients seeking restoration of fertility following vasectomy...
June 2015: Current Urology Reports
R Ramasamy, D A Mata, L Jain, A R Perkins, S H Marks, L I Lipshultz
We evaluated pre-operative and intraoperative factors associated with successful patency following bilateral microsurgical vasovasostomy (VV). We retrospectively reviewed the charts of 1331 men who underwent bilateral VV by two surgeons between 2006 and 2013. Vasal fluid was examined intraoperatively for gross quality (i.e., clear or opaque and creamy/thick) and for the presence of spermatozoa on microscopy (i.e., whole spermatozoa, sperm fragments, or azoospermia). Post-operative patency was assessed by semen analysis or patient report of conception...
May 2015: Andrology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"