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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648880/animated-versus-non-animated-biofeedback-therapy-for-dysfunctional-voiding-treatment-does-it-change-the-outcome
#1
Tayfun Oktar, M İrfan Dönmez, Ünsal Özkuvancı, Haluk Ander, Orhan Ziylan
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to evaluate and compare the effectiveness of animated vs. non-animated biofeedback therapy in the treatment of dysfunctional voiding (DV) in the pediatric age group. METHODS: In this study, children with DV were randomly assigned for animated and non-animated biofeedback therapy. Age, voiding dysfunction symptom scores (VDSS), urinary ultrasound and uroflowmetry parameters such as electromyography (EMG) activity, voided volumes, post voiding residual urine volume (PVR) and maximum flow rate (Qmax) were evaluated...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647959/-re-treatments-of-recurrence-after-pelvic-floor-repair-surgery
#2
S X Fan, F M Wang, L S Lin, Y F Song
Objective: To analyze re-treatments of recurrence after the pelvic floor repair surgery. Methods: The protocol and the effect of re-treatments were investigated by reviewing and analyzing the clinical data of 81 recurrent patients (grade Ⅱ and above), who had received the pelvic floor repair surgery from January 2011 to January 2016. Pelvic organ prolapse quantitation system (POP-Q) and two questionnaires about quality of life [pelvic floor distress inventory-short form 20 (PFDI-20) and pelvic floor impact questionnaire short form (PFIQ-7)] were used to evaluate objective and subjective efficacy, respectively...
June 25, 2017: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643273/chronic-constipation-in-rome-iv-era-the-indian-perspective
#3
REVIEW
Uday C Ghoshal
Chronic constipation (CC) is a common problem in the community and in gastroenterology practice all over the world including India. After release of Rome IV guidelines in April 2016, there is increasing interest among gastroenterologists and physicians in India to look into special issues on CC in the Indian perspective. There are important differences in the bowel habit, definition, epidemiology, and pathophysiology including dietary factors and management of CC in India as compared to the West. As severity and frequency of abdominal pain, a symptom essential to diagnose constipation-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-C) rather than functional constipation (FC), is less common among Indian patients, FC is commoner than IBS-C in India...
June 23, 2017: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615755/role-of-electroencephalography-in-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-neuropsychiatric-border-zone-syndromes
#4
REVIEW
Sadanandavalli Retnaswami Chandra, A Asheeb, Santhosh Dash, Nikhil Retna, Karu Venkata Ravi Teja, Thomas Gregor Issac
Border zone disorders involve neurological disorders with psychiatric symptoms and signs as well as psychiatric disorders with soft neurological features. This becomes a cause for great diagnostic and therapeutic concerns. We, in this paper, analyzed some of the imitators such as epilepsy, dementia, some forms of encephalitis, and pure psychiatric diseases which produce problems in decision making due to soft neurological features and the utility of electroencephalography (EEG) as a simple diagnostic tool in differentiating some of these conditions from each other as well as the therapeutic role of EEG in some of these disorders...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595509/rehabilitation-for-individuals-with-genetic-degenerative-ataxia-a-systematic-review
#5
Sarah C Milne, Louise A Corben, Nellie Georgiou-Karistianis, Martin B Delatycki, Eppie M Yiu
BACKGROUND: Treatment of genetic degenerative ataxia is currently based on symptom management and maintenance of function. However, utilization of rehabilitation is limited due to a lack of evidence supporting its efficacy. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review evaluated rehabilitation interventions for individuals with genetic degenerative ataxia. In addition, long-term outcomes from rehabilitation and optimal duration and intensity of rehabilitation were examined...
June 1, 2017: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588875/management-of-chronic-constipation-in-adults
#6
REVIEW
K Krogh, G Chiarioni, W Whitehead
Chronic constipation (CC) is an extremely common condition with an estimated prevalence of up to 24%. Most patients with CC should be treated in primary care. Changes in lifestyle, including increased intake of dietary fibre, fluid, and exercise, should be attempted in most patients. Osmotic or stimulant laxatives are indicated if there are insufficient effects of lifestyle changes. Prokinetics and secretagogues should be restricted to those not responding to basic treatment. Anorectal physiology tests and assessment of colorectal transit time are indicated if medical treatment fails or if symptoms indicate severely obstructed defecation...
June 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585787/-home-training-as-a-treatment-of-faecal-incontinence-and-sphincter-dyssynergia
#7
G V Vivas Colmenares, M J Moya Jiménez, S Roldán Pérez, R Granero Cendón, J Vinuesa Salgueiro, M López Alonso
OBJECTIVE: The defecation disorders represents the 3% of consultations in pediatrics patients. Our goal was to demonstrate the effectiveness and efficiency of the reeducation of the defecation maneuver through home training in patients with encopresis and sphincter dyssynergia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Study of patients with fecal incontinence treated with home training at our center between 2014-2015. Anorectal manometry was performed and was valued defecation maneuver by expulsion of rectal probe with or without the ball...
January 25, 2017: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585105/physical-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-in-the-treatment-of-pelvic-floor-disorders
#8
REVIEW
Alex Arnouk, Elise De, Alexandra Rehfuss, Carin Cappadocia, Samantha Dickson, Fei Lian
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of the study was to catalog the most recent available literature regarding the use of conservative measures in treatment of pelvic floor disorders. RECENT FINDINGS: Pelvic floor disorders encompass abnormalities of urination, defecation, sexual function, pelvic organ prolapse, and chronic pain, and can have significant quality of life implications for patients. Current guidelines recommend behavioral modifications and conservative treatments as first-line therapy for pelvic floor disorders...
June 2017: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582897/reflex-mediated-dynamic-neuromuscular-stabilization-in-stroke-patients-emg-processing-and-ultrasound-imaging
#9
Hyun S Yoon, Joshua Sung H You
BACKGROUND: Postural core instability is associated with poor dynamic balance and a high risk of serious falls. Both neurodevelopmental treatment (NDT) and dynamic neuromuscular stabilization (DNS) core stabilization exercises have been used to improve core stability, but the outcomes of these treatments remain unclear. OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to examine the therapeutic effects of NDT and DNS core stabilization exercises on muscular activity, core stability, and core muscle thickness...
May 19, 2017: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582245/designing-a-mobile-health-app-for-patients-with-dysphagia-following-head-and-neck-cancer-a-qualitative-study
#10
Gabriela Constantinescu, Irene Loewen, Ben King, Chris Brodt, William Hodgetts, Jana Rieger
BACKGROUND: Adherence to swallowing rehabilitation exercises is important to develop and maintain functional improvement, yet more than half of head and neck cancer (HNC) patients report having difficulty adhering to prescribed regimens. Health apps with game elements have been used in other health domains to motivate and engage patients. Understanding the factors that impact adherence may allow for more effective gamified solutions. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to (1) identify self-reported factors that influence adherence to conventional home therapy without a mobile device in HNC patients and (2) identify appealing biofeedback designs that could be used in a health app...
March 24, 2017: JMIR Rehabil Assist Technol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573597/effect-of-heart-rate-variability-biofeedback-on-sport-performance-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Sergio Jiménez Morgan, José Arturo Molina Mora
Aim is to determine if the training with heart rate variability biofeedback allows to improve performance in athletes of different disciplines. Methods such as database search on Web of Science, SpringerLink, EBSCO Academic Search Complete, SPORTDiscus, Pubmed/Medline, and PROQUEST Academic Research Library, as well as manual reference registration. The eligibility criteria were: (a) published scientific articles; (b) experimental studies, quasi-experimental, or case reports; (c) use of HRV BFB as main treatment; (d) sport performance as dependent variable; (e) studies published until October 2016; (f) studies published in English, Spanish, French or Portuguese...
June 1, 2017: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567611/dysfunctional-voiding-the-importance-of-non-invasive-urodynamics-in-diagnosis-and-treatment
#12
Joanna C Clothier, Anne J Wright
In Dysfunctional voiding, failure of the external sphincter-pelvic floor complex to relax during micturition results in bladder outflow obstruction with a spectrum of presentation from more benign lower urinary tract dysfunction including recurrent urinary tract infections, to significant upper tract pathology and end-stage renal failure. There is no underlying neurological or anatomical cause and the condition is postulated to be a largely learnt behavior. Diagnosis relies on non-invasive urodynamics and in particular uroflowmetry, plus or minus EMG, which is also used in biofeedback, the mainstay of treatment...
May 31, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534327/-modified-stapled-transanal-rectal-resection-combined-with-perioperative-pelvic-floor-biofeedback-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-obstructed-defecation-syndrome
#13
Lei Chen, Fanqi Meng, Tongsen Zhang, Yinan Liu, Shuang Sha, Si Chen, Jiandong Tai
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical efficacy and safety of modified stapled transanal rectal resection (STARR) combined with perioperative pelvic floor biofeedback therapy (POPFBFT) in treating obstructed defecation syndrome (ODS). METHODS: Thirty female ODS patients underwent modified STARR (resection and suture was performed in rectocele with one staple) combined with POPFBFT in Department of Colorectal and Anal Surgery, The First Hospital of Jilin university from October 2013 to March 2015...
May 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529544/complementary-and-alternative-interventions-for-fatigue-management-after-traumatic-brain-injury-a-systematic-review
#14
Gang-Zhu Xu, Yan-Feng Li, Mao-De Wang, Dong-Yuan Cao
BACKGROUND: We systematically reviewed randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of complementary and alternative interventions for fatigue after traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: We searched multiple online sources including ClinicalTrials.gov, the Cochrane Library database, MEDLINE, CINAHL, Embase, the Web of Science, AMED, PsychINFO, Toxline, ProQuest Digital Dissertations, PEDro, PsycBite, and the World Health Organization (WHO) trial registry, in addition to hand searching of grey literature...
May 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Neurological Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527057/behavioral-therapy-emotion-and-pain-a-common-anatomical-background
#15
Lauren A-M Dahlke, Jeffrey J Sable, Frank Andrasik
Emotion and pain are closely intertwined in the brain, as the human experience of pain includes both affective and nociceptive components. Although each of these components relies on a different system in the brain, the two systems converge on the anterior cingulate and insular cortices, which interact with the prefrontal cortex and other frontal structures to influence behavior. Both emotional and physical pain elicit activity in these common areas, and conditions that affect one system (e.g., drugs, neural plasticity) may affect the function of the other-ultimately altering the experience of pain...
May 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508398/effect-of-electromyographic-biofeedback-as-an-add-on-to-pelvic-floor-muscle-exercises-on-neuromuscular-outcomes-and-quality-of-life-in-postmenopausal-women-with-stress-urinary-incontinence-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Adriane Bertotto, Renata Schvartzman, Silvana Uchôa, Maria Celeste Osório Wender
AIMS: To compare the efficacy of pelvic floor muscle exercises (PFME) with and without electromyographic biofeedback (BF) in increasing muscle strength, improving myoelectric activity, and improving pre-contraction and quality of life in postmenopausal women with stress urinary incontinence. METHODS: Randomized controlled trial of 49 postmenopausal women with stress urinary incontinence. Participants were allocated across three groups: control, PFME alone, and PFME + BF...
May 16, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494323/stress-regulation-in-drug-resistant-epilepsy
#17
REVIEW
Iliana Kotwas, Aileen McGonigal, Mireille Bastien-Toniazzo, Fabrice Bartolomei, Jean-Arthur Micoulaud-Franchi
The prevalence of psychological distress, especially depressive and anxiety disorders, is higher in epilepsy than in other chronic health conditions. These comorbid conditions contribute even more than epileptic seizures themselves to impaired quality of life in patients with epilepsy (PWE). The link between these comorbidities and epilepsy appears to have a neurobiological basis, which is at least partly mediated by stress through psychological and pathophysiological pathways. The impact of stress in PWE is also particularly important because it is the most frequently reported seizure trigger...
June 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478782/the-effect-of-heart-rate-variability-biofeedback-training-on-stress-and-anxiety-a-meta-analysis
#18
V C Goessl, J E Curtiss, S G Hofmann
BACKGROUND: Some evidence suggests that heart rate variability (HRV) biofeedback might be an effective way to treat anxiety and stress symptoms. To examine the effect of HRV biofeedback on symptoms of anxiety and stress, we conducted a meta-analysis of studies extracted from PubMed, PsycINFO and the Cochrane Library. METHODS: The search identified 24 studies totaling 484 participants who received HRV biofeedback training for stress and anxiety. We conducted a random-effects meta-analysis...
May 8, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470470/role-of-paced-breathing-for-treatment-of-hypertension
#19
REVIEW
Relu Cernes, Reuven Zimlichman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Hypertension remains to be a major contributor to global morbidity and mortality. Despite a plethora of pharmacological options available, an abundance of patients have uncontrolled blood pressure thus creating the need for additional strategies, including non-pharmacologic approaches. In this review, we discuss the antihypertensive effect of slow and deep respiration by increasing baroreflex sensitivity. RECENT FINDINGS: Asking patients to carry out paced breathing sessions unaccompanied by a personal coach or unaided by a device may be unfeasible...
June 2017: Current Hypertension Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460821/-rumination-syndrome-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-difficulties-of-a-not-so-uncommon-disorder
#20
Aida Giménez Casado, María José López Liñán, Elisabeth Barba Orozco, Anna Accarino Garaventa, Marina Álvarez Beltrán, Fernando Azpiroz Vidaur, Oscar Segarra Cantón
INTRODUCTION: Rumination syndrome is an uncommon gastrointestinal functional disorder that may be difficult to diagnose, as not many physicians are aware of this condition. In many cases, patients undergo numerous tests and are prescribed several treatments based on erroneous diagnoses. When the correct diagnosis is eventually made, therapy for the syndrome can be difficult and complex because of its multifactorial nature. The aim of this study was to present our experience with this condition, by presenting an analysis of the clinical, diagnostic, and therapeutic data of our patients...
April 28, 2017: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
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