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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424953/treatment-update-of-chronic-migraine
#1
REVIEW
Soo-Jin Cho, Tae-Jin Song, Min Kyung Chu
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Although chronic migraine (CM) is a common disorder that severely impacts patient functioning and quality of life, it is usually underdiagnosed, and treatment responses often remain poor even after diagnosis. In addition, effective treatment options are limited due to the rarity of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) involving patients with CM. In the present review, we discuss updated pharmacological, non-pharmacological, and neurostimulation treatment options for CM...
June 2017: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403494/-macrohaematuria-in-children
#2
Franziska E Müller-Semaan, Stefan C Müller
Urethritis posterior is a possible cause of asymptomatic haematuria in prepubescent boys. It is a benign lesion of the posterior urethra and its cardinal symptoms are blood spots in the underwear without any laboratory or radiologic findings. Urethrocystoscopy is the only way to confirm the diagnosis, but has been subject to criticism as it is associated with a high risk of strictures. It is advisable to adopt a "wait and see" strategy because urethritis posterior usually heals spontaneously over time. This condition is most likely caused by detrusor-sphincter dyssynergia, since behavioural intervention with biofeedback therapy offers good treatment results...
February 2017: Aktuelle Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389677/efficacy-of-visual-acoustic-biofeedback-intervention-for-residual-rhotic-errors-a-single-subject-randomization-study
#3
Tara McAllister Byun
Purpose: This study documented the efficacy of visual-acoustic biofeedback intervention for residual rhotic errors, relative to a comparison condition involving traditional articulatory treatment. All participants received both treatments in a single-subject experimental design featuring alternating treatments with blocked randomization of sessions to treatment conditions. Method: Seven child and adolescent participants received 20 half-hour sessions of individual treatment over 10 weeks...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382495/cognitive-and-behavioral-interventions-in-epilepsy
#4
REVIEW
Beth A Leeman-Markowski, Steven C Schachter
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cognitive and behavioral treatments for epilepsy offer several advantages, as they are relatively low cost, are non-invasive, lack serious side effects, and facilitate patient participation. Their role in the management of epilepsy, however, is unclear. The following manuscript will critically review the efficacy data regarding psychological treatments for seizure reduction. RECENT FINDINGS: Encouraging results have been found for the cognitive behavioral therapy-based Reiter/Andrews approach and mindfulness or arousal-based programs (e...
May 2017: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375179/perspectives-on-technology-assisted-relaxation-approaches-to-support-mind-body-skills-practice-in-children-and-teens-clinical-experience-and-commentary
#5
Timothy Culbert
It has been well-established that a variety of mind-body (MB) techniques, including yoga, mental imagery, hypnosis, biofeedback, and meditation, are effective at addressing symptoms such as pain, anxiety, nausea, and insomnia, as well as helping with a wide variety of medical, emotional, and behavioral issues in pediatric populations. In addition, MB skills can also be health promoting in the long-term, and with regular practice, could potentially contribute to longer attention spans, social skills, emotional regulation, and enhanced immune system functioning...
April 4, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368365/mind-body-interventions-for-pediatric-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#6
REVIEW
Ann Ming Yeh, Anava Wren, Brenda Golianu
Pediatric inflammatory bowel disease is an autoimmune disease that causes chronic inflammation of the gastrointestinal mucosa. There is emerging evidence that the brain-gut connection affects inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients more than previously thought. This is evidenced by comorbid mood disorders, irritable bowel symptoms concurrent with quiescent IBD, and the potential of psychosocial stressors to trigger IBD flares. Mind-body interventions such as psychotherapy, relaxation, mindfulness, biofeedback, yoga, and clinical hypnosis offer an adjunct to standard medical treatment for IBD...
April 3, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364171/-relaxation-techniques-and-behavioural-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-migraine-guidelines-from-the-german-migraine-and-headache-society
#7
P Kropp, B Meyer, T Dresler, G Fritsche, C Gaul, U Niederberger, S Förderreuther, V Malzacher, T P Jürgens, M Marziniak, A Straube
Besides pharmacological and interventional possibilities nonpharmacological options, deriving from behavioural approaches may be helpful in the treatment of migraine. Already consulting a patient reduces frequency of attacks. Relaxation (especially progressive muscle relaxation), endurance sports, and biofeedback as well as cognitive behavioural therapy are effective in treatment of migraine. The combination of these treatment options also with pharmacological treatment increase the positive effects.
March 31, 2017: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363763/systematic-review-of-the-effectiveness-of-physical-therapy-modalities-in-women-with-provoked-vestibulodynia
#8
REVIEW
Mélanie Morin, Marie-Soleil Carroll, Sophie Bergeron
INTRODUCTION: Pelvic floor muscle physical therapy is recommended in clinical guidelines for women with provoked vestibulodynia (PVD). Including isolated or combined treatment modalities, physical therapy is viewed as an effective first-line intervention, yet no systematic review concerning the effectiveness of physical therapy has been conducted. AIM: To systematically appraise the current literature on the effectiveness of physical therapy modalities for decreasing pain during intercourse and improving sexual function in women with PVD...
March 28, 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362517/long-term-functional-outcome-after-internal-delorme-s-procedure-for-obstructed-defecation-syndrome-and-the-role-of-postoperative-rehabilitation
#9
C A Leo, P Campennì, J D Hodgkinson, P Rossitti, F Digito, G De Carli, L D'Ambrosi, P Carducci, L Seriau, G Terrosu
PURPOSE: To evaluate long-term functional outcomes of Internal Delorme's Procedure (IDP) in patients refractory to conservative treatment for Obstructed Defecation Syndrome (ODS), and to compare those who received postoperative rehabilitation with those who did not. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients with ODS refractory to nonoperative therapy were identified across three regional pelvic floor referral hospitals, and IDP was performed. Postoperatively selected patients received biofeedback therapy...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345778/comparison-of-the-efficacy-of-perineal-and-intravaginal-biofeedback-assisted-pelvic-floor-muscle-exercises-in-women-with-urodynamic-stress-urinary-incontinence
#10
Aysun Özlü, Necmettin Yıldız, Özer Öztekin
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of intravaginal pressure biofeedback (P-BF) and perineal electromyographic biofeedback (EMG-BF) assisted pelvic floor muscle (PFM) exercises in women with stress urinary incontinence (SUI). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifty-three women with SUI were randomized into three groups as follows: the Group 1 received PFM home exercise program alone (n:18); the Group 2 received PFM home exercise program plus intravaginal P-BF assisted PFM exercise program (n:17); and the Group 3 received PFM home exercise program plus perineal EMG-BF assisted PFM exercise program (n:18)...
March 27, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340625/habit-training-versus-habit-training-with-direct-visual-biofeedback-in-adults-with-chronic-constipation-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Christine Norton, Anton Emmanuel, Natasha Stevens, S Mark Scott, Ugo Grossi, Sybil Bannister, Sandra Eldridge, James M Mason, Charles H Knowles
BACKGROUND: Constipation affects up to 20% of adults. Chronic constipation (CC) affects 1-2% of adults. Patient dissatisfaction is high; nearly 80% feel that laxative therapy is unsatisfactory and symptoms have significant impact on quality of life. There is uncertainty about the value of specialist investigations and whether equipment-intensive therapies using biofeedback confer additional benefit when compared with specialist conservative advice. METHODS/DESIGN: A three-arm, parallel-group, multicentre randomised controlled trial...
March 24, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321592/resonance-frequency-breathing-biofeedback-to-reduce-symptoms-of-subthreshold-ptsd-with-an-air-force-special-tactics-operator-a-case-study
#12
Lorene M Petta
The prevalence rates of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have been estimated to be several times higher in military populations compared to the national average. Special Tactics operators are a group that is more likely to avoid seeking psychological care due to the stigma and other consequences the diagnosis may have on their military careers. There is a need for more effective and less stigmatizing interventions to treat this population. Psychophysiological methods have been proven to be efficacious in treating PTSD, yet have received less attention as an adjunctive intervention...
March 20, 2017: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284822/-algorithms-and-urinary-incontinence-in-the-elderly-assessment-treatment-recommendations-and-levels-of-evidence-review
#13
P Meyer
OBJECTIVES: Search processing algorithms in a primary care setting, analyzing the specifics of care management for seniors suffering from urinary incontinence (UI), described the recommendations and levels of evidence of treatment. METHODS: A literature review carried out via PubMed(®) and websites of scientific societies with search keywords classified according to an algorithm. RESULTS: One hundred algorithms have been discovered in the field of evaluation and treatment of UI...
March 2017: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283812/behavioral-treatments-for-post-traumatic-headache
#14
REVIEW
Felicia Fraser, Yuka Matsuzawa, Yuen Shan Christine Lee, Mia Minen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Post-traumatic headache (PTH) is a common headache type after traumatic brain injury (TBI). There are no FDA approved medications for PTH, and it is unknown how medications can affect the brain's ability to recover from TBI. Thus, we sought to examine the biopsychosocial factors that influence PTH and the non-pharmacologic treatments studied for headache treatment. We also sought to determine if there is literature examining whether the non-pharmacologic treatments influence the biopsychosocial factors...
May 2017: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267690/pathophysiology-and-therapeutic-options-for-fecal-incontinence
#15
Alexandra Guillaume, Ahmed E Salem, Patricia Garcia, Bani Chander Roland
Fecal incontinence (FI), defined as the involuntary loss of solid or liquid feces through the anus is a prevalent condition with significant effects on quality of life. FI can affect individuals of all ages and in many cases greatly impairs quality of life but, incontinent patients should not accept their debility as either inevitable or untreatable. The severity of incontinence can range from unintentional elimination of flatus to the complete evacuation of bowel contents. It is reported to affect up to 18% of the population, with a prevalence reaching as high as 50% in nursing home residents...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265323/bladder-and-bowel-dysfunction-in-children-an-update-on-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-a-common-but-underdiagnosed-pediatric-problem
#16
REVIEW
Joana Dos Santos, Roberto I Lopes, Martin A Koyle
Bladder and bowel dysfunction (BBD) describes a spectrum of lower urinary symptoms (LUTS) accompanied by fecal elimination issues that manifest primarily by constipation and/or encopresis. This increasingly common entity is a potential cause of significant physical and psychosocial burden for children and families. BBD is commonly associated with vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) and recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs), which at its extreme may lead to renal scarring and kidney failure. Additionally, BBD is frequently seen in children diagnosed with behavioural and neuropsychiatric disorders such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD)...
January 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255911/solitary-rectal-ulcer-syndrome-in-children-a-case-series-study
#17
K Kowalska-Duplaga, I Lazowska-Przeorek, K Karolewska-Bochenek, M Woynarowski, G Czaja-Bulsa, A Stawarski, S Pieczarkowski, E Hapyn, J Jozefczuk, B Korczowski, A Szaflarska-Poplawska, A Banaszkiewicz
Information on solitary rectal ulcer syndrome (SRUS) in children is limited and based on case reports only. This study was undertaken with the objective of describing the clinical history, symptoms, diagnostic work-up, and treatment of a large case series of pediatric patients with SRUS. The study was multi-center and retrospective. All pediatric endoscopists in Poland were invited to participate in the study and were asked to look through their endoscopic databases to identify SRUS cases from the last 10 years...
March 3, 2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255635/patient-controlled-biofeedback-device-for-the-treatment-of-fecal-incontinence-a-pilot-study
#18
REVIEW
Daniel C Damin, Felipe Hommerding, Delber Schirmer, Paulo R S Sanches, Danton P Silva Junior, André F Müller, Paulo R O Thome
Although biofeedback has been used as a first-line therapy for fecal incontinence, it is known to be time consuming and demands attendance to a hospital during the whole period of treatment. In this study, we describe a new biofeedback device specifically developed for home treatment of fecal incontinence, which consists of a microprocessor controlled unit able to register and store the anal pressure waves corresponding to exercises performed by patients at home. In order to test the new device, a pilot study including ten patients with fecal incontinence was conducted...
March 2, 2017: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240013/assessment-of-physical-therapy-strategies-for-recovery-of-urinary-continence-after-prostatectomy
#19
Nivea Adriano de Santana Santos, Maria Vieira de Lima Saintrain, Rommel Prata Regadas, Romulo Augusto da Silveira, Francisco Julimar Correia de Menezes
Introduction: Urinary incontinence is a complication of radical prostatectomy. Pelvic floor exercises can facilitate recovery of continence after surgery; however, there is not sufficient evidence that physical therapy with biofeedback training is effective, particularly with respect to providing a faster recovery. Objective: To analyze the application of physical therapy techniques in the recovery of urinary incontinence after prostatectomy. Methodology: A randomized clinical trial was conducted from April to October 2015 with patients undergoing radical prostatectomy up to three months after surgery at the Santa Casa de Misericordia in Northeastern Brazil...
January 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238460/-irritable-bowel-syndrome-with-constipation-and-functional-constipation-in-adults-treatment-part-2-of-2
#20
F Mearin, C Ciriza, M Mínguez, E Rey, J J Mascort, E Peña, P Cañones, J Júdez
In this Clinical practice guide we examine the diagnostic and therapeutic management of adult patients with constipation and abdominal discomfort, at the confluence of the spectrum of irritable bowel syndrome and functional constipation. Both fall within the framework of functional intestinal disorders and have major personal, health and social impact, altering the quality of life of the patients affected. The former is a subtype of irritable bowel syndrome in which constipation and altered bowel habit predominate, often along with recurring abdominal pain, bloating and abdominal distension...
February 23, 2017: Atencion Primaria
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