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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944697/influence-of-trunk-control-and-lower-extremity-impairments-on-gait-capacity-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#1
Julia Balzer, Petra Marsico, Elena Mitteregger, Marietta L van der Linden, Thomas H Mercer, Hubertus J A van Hedel
PURPOSE: We investigated the combined impact of trunk control and lower extremities impairments on predicting gait capacity in children with cerebral palsy (CP) and evaluated relationships between trunk control and lower extremities impairments. METHODS: Data of 52 children with CP [29 boys, mean age 11 years 9 months (±4 years 6 months)] were included in this observational study. Gait capacity was measured by the "modified Time Up and Go test". Experienced therapists performed the "Modified Ashworth Scale", "Manual Muscle Test", the "Selective Control Assessment of the Lower Extremity", and the "Trunk Control Measurement Scale"...
September 24, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943458/feedback-facility-assisted-balance-training-in-a-patient-with-multiple-system-atrophy-a-case-report
#2
Hyo Jeong Lee, Ko Eun Lee, Tae Im Yi, Hyun Young Kim
Multiple system atrophy is a rare neurodegenerative disease with poor prognosis. Furthermore, there are no pharmacology or notable rehabilitation strategies available to prevent the worsening of the disease. This case report assessed the outcome of feedback facility-assisted balance training in combination with physical therapy in a 61-year-old man. The patient participated in 30 training sessions over six weeks for 30 minutes each that involved balance training. His static and dynamic balance abilities were improved on the Berg Balance Scale, Trunk Impairment Scale, Functional Independence Measure, and Functional Reach...
September 21, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942611/global-sensory-impairment-predicts-morbidity-and-mortality-in-older-u-s-adults
#3
Jayant M Pinto, Kristen E Wroblewski, Megan Huisingh-Scheetz, Camil Correia, Kevin J Lopez, Rachel C Chen, David W Kern, Philip L Schumm, William Dale, Martha K McClintock
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate global sensory impairment (GSI, an integrated measure of sensory dysfunction) as a predictor of physical function, cognition, overall health, and mortality. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: The National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project. PARTICIPANTS: A national probability sample of 3,005 home-dwelling older U.S. adults assessed at baseline (2005-06) and 5-year follow-up (2010-11). MEASUREMENTS: Gait speed, activity, disability, cognition, overall health, 5-year mortality...
September 24, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941936/the-effect-of-the-probalance-programme-on-health-related-quality-of-life-of-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
Bruna R Gouveia, Élvio R Gouveia, Andreas Ihle, Helena G Jardim, Maria M Martins, Duarte L Freitas, Matthias Kliegel
BACKGROUND: Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is an important health outcome in older adults. This study aimed to assess the efficacy of the ProBalance rehabilitation programme on HRQoL of community-dwelling older adults with balance impairments and to investigate whether effects differ between age groups and/or HRQoL components. METHODS: A single-blind, randomised controlled trial included community-dwelling older adults, aged 65-85, with balance impairments...
September 13, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940031/the-role-of-thermal-balneotherapy-in-the-treatment-of-obese-patient-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#5
Stefano Masiero, Filippo Vittadini, Costanza Ferroni, Anna Bosco, Roberto Serra, Anna Chiara Frigo, Antonio Frizziero
Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis clinically characterized by joint pain, functional limitation, and reduced quality of life. Several studies have shown a clear link between obesity and higher risk of knee OA. According to the multifactorial OA pathogenesis, the management of this condition requires a multidisciplinary approach. The objective of this study is to evaluate hydrokinesitherapy effects in thermal setting in obese patients with knee OA. Fifty-three patients were assessed for eligibility, of which 33 refused the treatment, while 10 patients dropped out after the enrollment for personal reasons or inability to adhere to the program...
September 22, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934966/effectiveness-of-an-interactive-telerehabilitation-system-with-home-based-exercise-training-in-patients-after-total-hip-or-knee-replacement-study-protocol-for-a-multicenter-superiority-no-blinded-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Sarah Eichler, Sophie Rabe, Annett Salzwedel, Steffen Müller, Josefine Stoll, Nina Tilgner, Michael John, Karl Wegscheider, Frank Mayer, Heinz Völler
BACKGROUND: Total hip or knee replacement is one of the most frequently performed surgical procedures. Physical rehabilitation following total hip or knee replacement is an essential part of the therapy to improve functional outcomes and quality of life. After discharge from inpatient rehabilitation, a subsequent postoperative exercise therapy is needed to maintain functional mobility. Telerehabilitation may be a potential innovative treatment approach. We aim to investigate the superiority of an interactive telerehabilitation intervention for patients after total hip or knee replacement, in comparison to usual care, regarding physical performance, functional mobility, quality of life and pain...
September 21, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933609/dual-task-training-in-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-feasability-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Jacob J Sosnoff, Douglas A Wajda, Brian M Sandroff, Kathleen L Roeing, JongHun Sung, Robert W Motl
OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility of dual task training in persons with Multiple Sclerosis. DESIGN: Randomized, single-blinded controlled trial. SETTING: University research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 234 individuals inquired about the investigation. After screening, 20 individuals with multiple sclerosis who self-reported problems with multitasking and were ambulatory volunteered for the investigation...
October 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931996/a-modified-seated-side-tapping-test-in-which-the-arms-are-crossed-also-reflects-gait-function-in-community-dwelling-elderly
#8
Satoshi Fuchioka, Akira Iwata, Yumi Higuchi, Mari Miyake, Seiji Kanda, Toshimasa Nishiyama
[Purpose] Seated side tapping test (SST) performance is associated with mobility impairment in the elderly. Although this test was developed to assess trunk function, interpretation of its results may be confounded by the upper-limb movements in its protocol. Here, this study aimed to validate the association between trunk function and gait function by means of the Arms Crossed SST (AC-SST), a modified version of the SST in which the arms are crossed over the chest, to exclude the effects of the upper limbs...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931994/efficacy-of-ankle-control-balance-training-on-postural-balance-and-gait-ability-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-single-blinded-randomized-clinical-trial
#9
Kyeongjin Lee, Yong Woo Lee
[Purpose] This study was conducted to investigate the effects of ankle control balance training (ACBT) on postural balance and gait ability in community-dwelling older adults. [Subjects and Methods] Fifty-four subjects were randomly divided into two groups, with 27 subjects in the ACBT group and 27 subjects in the control group. Subjects in the ACBT group received ACBT for 60 minutes, twice per week for 4 weeks, and all subjects had undergone fall prevention education for 60 minutes, once per week for 4 weeks...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931439/effects-of-whole-body-vibration-exercise-on-neuromuscular-function-for-individuals-with-knee-osteoarthritis-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Zhangqi Lai, Xueqiang Wang, Seullee Lee, Xihe Hou, Lin Wang
BACKGROUND: Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is a leading cause of public disability. Neuromuscular function contributes to the development and/or progression of KOA. Whole body vibration (WBV) exercise improve the neuromuscular function of patients with neurological disorders and even that of older patients with limited exercise options. Therefore, WBV exercise may offer an efficient and alternative treatment for individuals with KOA. However, the effects of WBV training on the neuromuscular function of individuals with KOA remain unclear...
September 20, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927719/sex-dependent-behavioral-impairments-in-the-hdhq350-mouse-line
#11
Jessica K Cao, Peter J Detloff, Richard G Gardner, Nephi Stella
Huntington's Disease (HD) is an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disease characterized by gradual deterioration of motor and cognitive functions and development of psychiatric deficits. Animal models provide powerful means to study the pathological processes, molecular dysfunctions and symptoms associated with HD. We performed a longitudinal behavioral study of the newly developed HdhQ350/+ mouse line, a knock-in model that expresses a repeat of 350 glutamines. We found remarkable sex-dependent differences on symptom onset and severity...
September 16, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926087/self-reported-function-more-informative-than-frailty-phenotype-in-predicting-adverse-postoperative-course-in-older-adults
#12
Alok Kapoor, Theofilos Matheos, Matthias Walz, Christine McDonough, Abiramy Maheswaran, Evan Ruppell, Deeqo Mohamud, Nicholas Shaffer, Yanhua Zhou, Shubjeet Kaur, Stephen Heard, Sybil Crawford, Howard Cabral, Daniel K White, Heena Santry, Alan Jette, Roger Fielding, Rebecca A Silliman, Jerry Gurwitz
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Current preoperative assessment tools such as the American College of Surgeons Surgical Risk Calculator (ACS Calculator) are suboptimal for evaluating older adults. The objective was to evaluate and compare the performance of the ACS Calculator for predicting risk of serious postoperative complications with the addition of self-reported physical function versus a frailty score. DESIGN: Prospective cohort. SETTING: Two tertiary care academic medical centers in Massachusetts...
September 19, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923375/the-feldenkrais-method-improves-functioning-and-body-balance-in-people-with-intellectual-disability-in-supported-employment-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#13
Jon Torres-Unda, Vanesa Polo, Iratxe Dunabeitia, Iraia Bidaurrazaga-Letona, María García-Gil, Ana Rodriguez-Larrad, Jon Irazusta
Loss of functioning and age-related health problems tend to appear earlier in individuals with intellectual disability (ID) than in their non-disabled peers. The Feldenkrais method (FM) is a movement-based form of learning that enhances body balance and physical functioning. We carried out an intervention based on Awareness Through Movement, a form of the FM. Thirty-two middle-aged (48.94±6.01years old) adults with ID who were in supported employment were recruited and randomly assigned to the experimental group (EG) or control group (CG)...
September 15, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923172/handgrip-strength-is-associated-with-but-poorly-predicts-disability-in-older-women-with-acute-low-back-pain-a-12-month-follow-up-study
#14
Diogo Carvalho Felício, Juliano Bergamaschine Mata Diz, Daniele Sirineu Pereira, Bárbara Zille de Queiroz, Juscélio Pereira de Silva, Bruno de Souza Moreira, Vinícius Cunha Oliveira, Leani Souza Máximo Pereira
BACKGROUND: Older women with low back pain (LBP) constitute a special subpopulation at risk of severe and permanent disability. It is important to identify factors limiting functionality in this population in order to reduce costs and improve both prevention and intervention. Handgrip strength (HGS) is a biomarker of aging associated with several adverse health outcomes, but long-term associations with disability in older patients with LBP are not known. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether HGS predicts disability in older women with acute low back pain (LBP)...
October 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922311/motor-imagery-training-after-stroke-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#15
Zaqueline Fernandes Guerra, Alessandra L G Lucchetti, Giancarlo Lucchetti
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: A number of studies have suggested that imagery training (motor imagery [MI]) has value for improving motor function in persons with neurologic conditions. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the available literature related to efficacy of MI in the recovery of individuals after stroke. METHODS: We searched the following databases: PubMed, Web of Knowledge, Scopus, Cochrane, and PEDro. Two reviewers independently selected clinical trials that investigated the effect of MI on outcomes commonly investigated in studies of stroke recovery...
October 2017: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920167/comparison-of-efficacy-between-dorsal-root-entry-zone-lesioning-and-selective-dorsal-rhizotomy-for-spasticity-of-cerebral-origin
#16
Bunpot Sitthinamsuwan, Luckchai Phonwijit, Inthira Khampalikit, Akkapong Nitising, Sarun Nunta-Aree, Sirilak Suksompong
BACKGROUND: Severe spasticity adversely affects patient functional status and caregiving. No previous study has compared efficacy between dorsal root entry zone lesioning (DREZL) and selective dorsal rhizotomy (SDR) for reduction of spasticity. This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of DREZL and SDR for attenuating spasticity, and to compare efficacy between these two methods. METHODS: All patients who underwent DREZL, SDR, or both for treatment of intractable spasticity caused by cerebral pathology at Siriraj Hospital during 2009 to 2016 were recruited...
September 17, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919878/postural-control-in-bilateral-vestibular-failure-its-relation-to-visual-proprioceptive-vestibular-and-cognitive-input
#17
Andreas Sprenger, Jann F Wojak, Nico M Jandl, Christoph Helmchen
Patients with bilateral vestibular failure (BVF) suffer from postural and gait unsteadiness with an increased risk of falls. The aim of this study was to elucidate the differential role of otolith, semicircular canal (SSC), visual, proprioceptive, and cognitive influences on the postural stability of BVF patients. Center-of-pressure displacements were recorded by posturography under six conditions: target visibility; tonic head positions in the pitch plane; horizontal head shaking; sensory deprivation; dual task; and tandem stance...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919877/analysis-of-correlation-between-an-accelerometer-based-algorithm-for-detecting-parkinsonian-gait-and-updrs-subscales
#18
Alejandro Rodríguez-Molinero, Albert Samà, Carlos Pérez-López, Daniel Rodríguez-Martín, Sheila Alcaine, Berta Mestre, Paola Quispe, Benedetta Giuliani, Gabriel Vainstein, Patrick Browne, Dean Sweeney, J Manuel Moreno Arostegui, Àngels Bayes, Hadas Lewy, Alberto Costa, Roberta Annicchiarico, Timothy Counihan, Gearòid Ò Laighin, Joan Cabestany
BACKGROUND: Our group earlier developed a small monitoring device, which uses accelerometer measurements to accurately detect motor fluctuations in patients with Parkinson's (On and Off state) based on an algorithm that characterizes gait through the frequency content of strides. To further validate the algorithm, we studied the correlation of its outputs with the motor section of the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale part-III (UPDRS-III). METHOD: Seventy-five patients suffering from Parkinson's disease were asked to walk both in the Off and the On state while wearing the inertial sensor on the waist...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919849/interhemispheric-resting-state-functional-connectivity-predicts-severity-of-idiopathic-normal-pressure-hydrocephalus
#19
Yousuke Ogata, Akihiko Ozaki, Miho Ota, Yurie Oka, Namiko Nishida, Hayato Tabu, Noriko Sato, Takashi Hanakawa
Idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) is characterized by a clinical triad (gait disturbance, dementia, and urinary incontinence), and by radiological findings of enlarged ventricles reflecting disturbance of central spinal fluid circulation. A diagnosis of iNPH is sometimes challenging, and the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying the clinical symptoms of iNPH remain largely unknown. Here, we used an emerging MRI technique, resting-state functional connectivity MRI (rsfcMRI), to develop a subsidiary diagnostic technique and to explore the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms of iNPH...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919103/alterations-of-musculoskeletal-models-for-a-more-accurate-estimation-of-lower-limb-joint-contact-forces-during-normal-gait-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
F Moissenet, L Modenese, R Dumas
Musculoskeletal modelling is a methodology used to investigate joint contact forces during a movement. High accuracy in the estimation of the hip or knee joint contact forces can be obtained with subject-specific models. However, construction of subject-specific models remains time consuming and expensive. The purpose of this systematic review of the literature was to identify what alterations can be made on generic (i.e. literature-based, without any subject-specific measurement other than body size and weight) musculoskeletal models to obtain a better estimation of the joint contact forces...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
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