keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Immunocompromised surgery

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867557/clinical-analysis-of-non-aids-patients-pathologically-diagnosed-with-pulmonary-cryptococcosis
#1
Kaixiong Liu, Haibo Ding, Bing Xu, Ruixiong You, Zhen Xing, Jianfeng Chen, Qichang Lin, Jieming Qu
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary cryptococcosis (PC) was not a rare infectious disease in non-AIDS patients. However, data on the immune status were lacking in southern China for comparative analysis of differences between immunocompromised and immunocompetent hosts. This study was to investigate the epidemiological, clinical, radiological, and treatment profiles for patients with PC. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of 88 patients diagnosed with tissue-confirmed PC who were not HIV-infected from 2003 to 2013...
October 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847009/chronic-tenosynovitis-of-the-hand-caused-by-mycobacterium-heraklionense
#2
Nana Aburjania, Warren C Hammert, Meenakshi Bansal, Brendan F Boyce, Sonal S Munsiff
Non-tuberculous mycobacteria are increasingly recognized as a cause of infection in both immunocompromised and immunocompetent hosts. Mycobacterium heraklionense is a recently described member of the Mycobacterium terrae complex. Herein we report a case of M. heraklionense chronic flexor tenosynovitis in the hand, managed with surgery and antibiotics.
September 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812258/presentation-and-outcome-of-castleman-s-disease-in-immunocompetent-hosts
#3
Gaurav Prakash, Amanjeet Bal, Pankaj Malhotra, Vaishali Aggarwal, Alka Khadwal, Vikas Suri, Sanjay Jain, Savita Kumari, Radhika Srinivasan, Ashim Das, Neelam Varma, Subhash Varma
Castleman's disease (CD) is a heterogeneous lymphoproliferative disorder of unknown aetiology. Mostly, this disorder is seen in immunocompromised hosts. It is known to be associated with systemic disorders like HIV, HHV-8, lymphoma, and Kaposi sarcoma. As of today, the clinical behaviour and outcome of CD in immunocompetent host remains suboptimally studied. We analyzed consecutively treated cases of CD presented to our centre in last 12 years. Case record files were studied for patient's characteristics, clinical presentation, baseline laboratory and pathologic parameters, therapy and outcome...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Hematology & Blood Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783140/lower-limb-reconstruction-in-tumor-patients-using-modular-silver-coated-megaprostheses-with-regard-to-perimegaprosthetic-joint-infection-a-case-series-including-100-patients-and-review-of-the-literature
#4
J Schmolders, S Koob, P Schepers, P H Pennekamp, S Gravius, D C Wirtz, R Placzek, A C Strauss
PURPOSE AND OBJECTIVE: Bone resection regarding adequate surgical margins is the treatment of choice for malignant bone tumors. In the case of metastasis-related complications, so-called skeletal-related events, it is highly important to achieve pain relief and a stable joint situation to re-mobilize the patients immediately following surgery. To bridge the often large osseous defect zones after tumor resection, both cemented and uncemented modular endoprosthetic systems are widely used...
October 25, 2016: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765715/an-allograft-generated-from-adult-stem-cells-and-their-secreted-products-efficiently-fuses-vertebrae-in-immunocompromised-athymic-rats-and-inhibits-local-immune-responses
#5
Bret H Clough, Eoin P McNeill, Daniel Palmer, Ulf Krause, Thomas J Bartosh, Christopher D Chaput, Carl A Gregory
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Spine pain and the disability associated with it are epidemic in the United States. According to the National Center for Health Statistics, more than 650,000 spinal fusion surgeries are performed annually in the United States, and yet there is a failure rate of 15%-40% when standard methods employing current commercial bone substitutes are used. Autologous bone graft is the gold standard in terms of fusion success, but the morbidity associated with the procedure and the limitations in the availability of sufficient material have limited its use in the majority of cases...
October 17, 2016: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756675/utilization-of-a-technique-of-percutaneous-s2-alar-iliac-fixation-in-immunocompromised-patients-with-spondylodiscitis-two-case-reports
#6
Haruki Funao, Khaled M Kebaish, Norihiro Isogai, Takahiro Koyanagi, Morio Matsumoto, Ken Ishii
BACKGROUND: Spondylodiscitis still remains a serious problem especially in immunocompromised patients. Surgery is necessary when non-surgical treatment is unsuccessful. Although minimally invasive spine stabilization (MISt) with percutaneous pedicle screws is less invasive, percutaneous sacropelvic fixation techniques are not common practice. Here, we describe two cases in which spondylodiscitis in the lumbosacral spine was treated with a percutaneous stabilization using S2 alar-iliac (S2AI) screw technique...
October 15, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27735161/subcutaneous-phaeohyphomycosis-caused-by-cladophialophora-bantiana-after-abdominal-hernia-surgery
#7
Vipul M Patel, Bhavin Kapadiya, Viral Shah
Phaeohyphomycosis is a term used to describe infections caused by dematiaceous fungi, i.e. fungi which contain melanin in their cell wall. Cladophialophora bantiana has been implicated to cause brain abscess in immunocompromised patients. Infection caused by Cladophialophora bantiana in an immunocompetent host is relatively rare. Surgical site infection at abdominal subcutaneous tissue caused by Cladophialophora bantiana was noted in this case, which was rarely reported.
May 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729140/invasive-fungal-sinusitis-in-the-pediatric-population-systematic-review-with-quantitative-synthesis-of-the-literature
#8
Aaron Smith, Vikrum Thimmappa, Brandon Shepherd, Meredith Ray, Anthony Sheyn, Jerome Thompson
BACKGROUND: Invasive fungal sinusitis (IFS) represents an often fatal condition within the pediatric population. In an effort to characterize demographics, treatment modalities, and prognostic factors, we performed a systematic review. METHODS: We systematically reviewed EMBASE, Medline, TRIPdatabase, SCOPUS and the Cochrane database for invasive fungal nasal and sinus infections limited to individuals <18 years of age. Case series including 3 or more patients were included...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635276/diagnostic-dilemma-in-appendiceal-mucormycosis-a-rare-case-report
#9
Sali Priyanka Akhilesh, Yadav Kamal Sunder, Pande Prasad, George Mary Asha, Agarwal Mohan, Mehta Hitesh
Appendiceal mucormycosis is a rare life-threatening infection seen in immunocompromised patients. It is usually seen in chemotherapy induced neutropenia in patients with hematological malignancies. Clinically, the symptoms and signs may be masked due to ongoing corticosteroids. The condition may mimic bacterial appendicitis and the less serious condition, typhlitis. The disease demands prompt surgical debulking and aggressive antifungal treatment. However, surgery is delayed due to the poor performance status and severe neutropenia...
2016: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27626319/successful-application-of-endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-fine-needle-biopsy-to-establish-pancreatic-patient-derived-tumor-xenografts-a-pilot-study
#10
Els Hermans, Schalk W Van der Merwe, Jeroen Depreeuw, Jeroen Dekervel, Enrico Radaelli, Tania Roskams, Jos van Pelt Jos, Baki Topal, Chris Verslype, Hans Prenen, Werner Van Steenbergen, Frederik Nevens, Diether Lambrechts, Frédéric Amant
Background and study aim: Typically, pancreatic patient-derived tumor xenografts (PDXs) are established by transplanting large tumor biopsies obtained through invasive surgery approaches into immunocompromised mice. We aimed to develop pancreatic PDXs by transplanting tumor tissue acquired by endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided fine needle biopsies (FNB), assess take rates compared to surgery-derived PDXs, and demonstrate the histological and genetic resemblance to the original tumor. Patients and methods: Biopsies of untreated pancreatic carcinoma were collected at surgery and during EUS and processed to generate PDXs...
September 14, 2016: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27609563/aspergillus-arthritis-analysis-of-clinical-manifestations-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-31-reported-cases
#11
Maria N Gamaletsou, Blandine Rammaert, Marimelle A Bueno, Nikolaos V Sipsas, Brad Moriyama, Dimitrios P Kontoyiannis, Emmanuel Roilides, Valerie Zeller, Saad J Taj-Aldeen, Michael Henry, Vidmantas Petraitis, David W Denning, Olivier Lortholary, Thomas J Walsh
Aspergillus arthritis is a debilitating form of invasive aspergillosis. Little is known about its epidemiology, clinical manifestations, laboratory features, treatment, and prognosis. Cases of Aspergillus arthritis were reviewed in the English literature from 1967 through 2015 for variables of arthritis with Aspergillus spp. recovered from joint and/or adjacent bone, underlying conditions, symptoms, signs, inflammatory biomarkers, diagnostic imaging, management, and outcome. Among 31 evaluable cases, 87% were males and 13% pediatric...
September 8, 2016: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595440/pneumoperitoneum-in-the-setting-of-pneumatosis-intestinalis-in-children-is-surgery-always-indicated
#12
Julie Galea, Katherine M Burnand, Fiona L Dawson, Chandrasen K Sinha, Dean Rex, Bruce O Okoye
Aim Pneumatosis intestinalis (PI) is a condition in which multiple gas-filled cysts form within the wall of the gastrointestinal tract in either the subserosa or submucosa. The presence of pneumoperitoneum in the presence of PI can present a therapeutic dilemma. The aim of our study was to review our experience and management of this condition. Methods A single-center retrospective study of consecutive children (> 1 year) presenting with a pneumoperitoneum and evidence of PI (2009-2015). Demographics, case notes, microbiology, and imaging were reviewed...
September 5, 2016: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27512566/descending-necrotizing-mediastinitis-complicating-hyperimmunoglobulin-e-syndrome
#13
Yusuke Takanashi, Takamitsu Hayakawa, Hiroshi Neyatani, Kazuhito Funai
Descending necrotizing mediastinitis (DNM) is a potentially lethal disease that originates from a deep neck infection (DNI); it is often associated with an immunocompromised state. Hyperimmunoglobulin E syndrome (HIES) is an extremely rare complex immune deficiency characterized by recurrent abscesses of staphylococcal etiology. A rare case of a 34-year-old woman wherein HIES putatively promoted the development of DNI into DNM is described. She presented with cervical purulent lymphadenitis and retropharyngeal abscess...
July 2016: Respirology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27511334/mucormycosis-a-10-year-experience-at-a-tertiary-care-center-in-turkey
#14
Süheyla Kömür, Ayşe Seza İnal, Behice Kurtaran, Aslıhan Ulu, Aysun Uğuz, Hasan Salih Zeki Aksu, Yeşim Taşova
BACKGROUND/AIM: Mucormycosis is a rare invasive fungal infection most commonly encountered in the immunocompromised host. We analyzed 51 adult patients treated for mucormycosis between 2003 and 2013 and recorded at a tertiary university hospital in Turkey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We examined the following data for all patients: age, sex, predisposing disease, symptoms, treatment, surgical procedure, concomitant infections, intensive care requirement, and outcomes...
2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27488339/role-of-neck-dissection-in-metastatic-squamous-cell-carcinoma-to-the-parotid-gland
#15
S W Park, T Eade, L Pang, A Wignall, D Veivers
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the rate of occult neck disease in patients with metastatic squamous cell carcinoma to the parotid gland following parotidectomy and neck dissection. METHODS: A consecutive series of patients treated between 2000 and 2014 for metastatic squamous cell carcinoma to the parotid were analysed. Patients were included if they had no clinical or radiological evidence of neck disease. Pathology of parotidectomy and neck dissection specimens was reviewed...
July 2016: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27474243/-environmental-microbiological-control
#16
Carmen Martín Salas, Igberto J Tordoya Titichoca, Carmen Ezpeleta Baquedano
The environmental microbiological control is necessary to prevent infections associated with certain procedures that are performed at the hospital. In this review the procedures for control of water and dialysis fluids, and air in operating rooms and immunocompromised units are addressed. The dialysis quality management guidelines define the highest levels of chemical, microbiological and endotoxin in purified water and dialysis fluids based on the recommendations of scientific societies. The microbiological control of water and dialysis fluids should include detection of microorganisms and endotoxin levels...
July 2016: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27440845/perforation-of-the-bowel-due-to-cytomegalovirus-infection-in-a-man-with-aids-surgery-is-not-always-necessary
#17
Katie Tharshana Yoganathan, Andrew Roger Morgan, Kathir G Yoganathan
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is the most common viral opportunistic infection in immunocompromised patients and is a rare cause of bowel perforation. It invariably requires surgical intervention and is often fatal. We report a 50-year-old Caucasian man with AIDS, presented 3 weeks after developing abdominal pain and distension. He was treated for CMV retinitis in the past. His adherence to antiretroviral therapy was poor. Examination revealed a recurrence of active CMV retinitis. His abdomen was tender and distended...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27432040/toxic-shock-syndrome-an-unusual-organism
#18
Katie Young, Faraz Khan Luni, Youngsook Yoon
Streptococcal toxic shock syndrome is a rapidly fatal disease causing hypotension with multi organ dysfunction (MODS) early in the course of infection, which by definition is caused by Group A streptococcus (GAS). We describe a case of Toxic Shock like Syndrome (TSLS) in which the causative organism was not a GAS. A 71-year-old woman with hepatitis C and primary biliary cirrhosis had sudden onset of slurred speech and left arm and facial numbness. She had bilateral erythematous macular rash present on the flanks and legs...
July 2016: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27430085/the-impact-of-autologous-fat-grafting-on-breast-cancer-an-experimental-model-using-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#19
Eran Millet, Josef Haik, Elad Ofir, Yael Mardor, Eyal Winkler, Moti Harats, Ariel Tessone
BACKGROUND: Although fat grafting is a common technique to repair defects after breast cancer reconstruction surgery and has a low complication rate, the relation between fat grafting and the risk of breast cancer is unknown. Clinical trials to investigate this connection can elucidate the benefits and potential risks of fat grafting in oncology patients. OBJECTIVES: To establish an efficient experimental model, using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans, for comparing different breast tumor study groups post-fat grafting...
May 2016: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27399143/cutaneous-mucormycosis-postcosmetic-surgery-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#20
Khaled Al-Tarrah, Mahmoud Abdelaty, Ahmad Behbahani, Eman Mokaddas, Helmy Soliman, Ahdi Albader
BACKGROUND: Mucormycosis is a rare, aggressive, and life-threatening infection that is caused by organisms belonging to the order Mucorales. It is usually acquired through direct means and virtually always affects immunocompromised patients with the port of entry reflecting the site of infection, in this case, cutaneous. Unlike other mucormycoses, patients affected by Apophysomyces elegans (A elegans) are known to be immunocompetent. This locally aggressive disease penetrates through different tissue plains invading adjacent muscles, fascia, and even bone causing extensive morbidity and may prove fatal if treated inadequately...
July 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
keyword
keyword
98877
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"