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Big food

Gay Lee
The government's new obesity strategy not only fails to challenge the big food companies who profit from childhood obesity, it has shifted responsibility to health visitors who are already dealing with an impossible workload.
September 14, 2016: Nursing Standard
Henda Ferchichi, Sarra Bacha, Nadia Kourda, Salma Melaouhia, Emna Gaies, Mohamed Lakhal, Anis Klouz, S Trabelsi, Issam Salouage
Introduction In recent years, many marine resources have drew attention in the research for bio-active compounds to develop new drugs and health foods. (1) Marine algae are now considered as a rich source of antioxidants (2). It is known that seaweeds contain numerous bioactive substances that have the ability to lower cholesterol, reduce blood pressure, promote healthy digestion; and antioxidant activity (3). Natural antioxidants are interesting compounds due to their properties which help prevent oxidative stress (4), among other potentially beneficial actions...
April 2016: La Tunisie Médicale
Marjan Dzeparoski, Suzana Trajkovic-Jolevska
Marketing strategy is correlated with the regulations for the corresponding product category. Accordingly, there is a big difference in the marketing strategy of food supplements and over-the-counter medicines. In this paper are presented 2 different marketing strategies of a new small pharmaceutical company in two studies. The findings of studies analysis can be used for developing marketing strategies in the wider sense and other products, for other small to medium sized companies in other countries of interest with similar regulations and help them understand how to position and promote themselves and their products...
September 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Sharon Matheny, Robert Tebbs, Erin Crowley, David Goins, Angelia Burrell, Patrick Bird, Michelle Swimley, M Joseph Benzinger, Jonathan Flannery, Jonathan Cloke, James Agin, Benjamin Bastin
The Applied Biosystems™ RapidFinder™ STEC Detection Workflow (Thermo Fisher Scientific) is a complete protocol for the rapid qualitative detection of Escherichia coli (E. coli) O157:H7 and the "Big 6" non-O157 Shiga-like toxin-producing E. coli (STEC) serotypes (defined as serogroups: O26, O45, O103, O111, O121, and O145). The RapidFinder STEC Detection Workflow makes use of either the automated preparation of PCR-ready DNA using the Applied Biosystems PrepSEQ™ Nucleic Acid Extraction Kit in conjunction with the Applied Biosystems MagMAX™ Express 96-well magnetic particle processor or the Applied Biosystems PrepSEQ Rapid Spin kit for manual preparation of PCR-ready DNA...
October 1, 2016: Journal of AOAC International
Herbert Ssegane, M Cristina Negri
Locating bioenergy crops on strategically selected subfield areas of marginal interest for commodity agriculture can increase environmental sustainability. Location and choice of bioenergy crops should improve environmental benefits with minimal disruption of current food production systems. We identified subfield soils of a tile-drained agricultural watershed as marginal if they had areas of low crop productivity index (CPI), were susceptible to nitrate-nitrogen (NO-N) leaching, or were susceptible to at least two other forms of environmental degradation (marginal areas)...
September 2016: Journal of Environmental Quality
Costanza Cucci, John K Delaney, Marcello Picollo
Diffuse reflectance hyperspectral imaging, or reflectance imaging spectroscopy, is a sophisticated technique that enables the capture of hundreds of images in contiguous narrow spectral bands (bandwidth < 10 nm), typically in the visible (Vis, 400-750 nm) and the near-infrared (NIR, 750-2500 nm) regions. This sequence of images provides a data set that is called an image-cube or file-cube. Two dimensions of the image-cube are the spatial dimensions of the scene, and the third dimension is the wavelength...
October 18, 2016: Accounts of Chemical Research
David G Glenn
When new anticancer medications are approved, their safety profiles are often not fully understood. Oncology nurses have a responsibility to file reports of adverse drug events with safety registries such as MedWatch. If these registries receive prompt, complete, and accurate data from clinicians, agencies such as the U.S. Food and Drug Administration will have a stronger ability to detect hazards and to issue safety recommendations.
October 1, 2016: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
Callie Federer, Minjae Yoo, Aik Choon Tan
Drug adverse events (AEs) are a major health threat to patients seeking medical treatment and a significant barrier in drug discovery and development. AEs are now required to be submitted during clinical trials and can be extracted from ( ), a database of clinical studies around the world. By extracting drug and AE information from and structuring it into a database, drug-AEs could be established for future drug development and repositioning...
September 15, 2016: Assay and Drug Development Technologies
Lawrence O Gostin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Milbank Quarterly
Christina Y Ha, Asher Kornbluth
On February 9, 2016, the Food and Drug Administration Arthritis Advisory Committee recommended by a vote of 21 to 3, that the biosimilar to infliximab, CT-P13, be approved for rheumatoid arthritis and ankylosing spondylitis and, by extrapolation, for all the indications for which infliximab is currently approved, including adult and pediatric ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. On April 5, 2016, the Food and Drug Administration concurred with this recommendation and approved CT-P13 (Inflectra; Pfizer Inc...
October 2016: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Joseph Pizzorno, Ann Shippy
In my last editorial, I addressed the respiratory effects of mold exposure. The surprising research shows that as many as 50% of residential and work environments have water damage1 and that mold toxicity should be considered in all patients with any chronic respiratory condition. This is especially true in adult-onset asthma, two-thirds of which appears to be caused by toxins released from water-damaged buildings. The carcinogenic effects of food-borne mold contamination are also well documented. Less clear is the role of indoor mold exposure in water-damaged buildings and its relationship to nonrespiratory conditions...
June 2016: Integrative Medicine
J Kosiba, E Wilk-Woźniak, W Krztoń, M Strzesak, A Pociecha, E Walusiak, K Pudaś, E Szarek-Gwiazda
The aim of this study was to determine the relationships in the microbial trophic network underpinning them about communities of plankton ciliates in shallow oxbow lakes of the Vistula River in southern Poland (Jeziorzany 1, Jeziorzany 2, Piekary, Tyniec). The plankton components (phytoplankton, ciliates, zooplankton) were grouped by dietary preference. The studied oxbows differed in physicochemical parameters and in phytoplankton. Cyanobacteria dominated in the total biomass of phytoplankton in the Tyniec oxbow, big green algae (>30 μm) in Piekary and Jeziorzany 1, and euglenoids in Jeziorzany 2 oxbow...
August 20, 2016: Microbial Ecology
H Margot, M H Zwietering, H Joosten, R Stephan
The variability of stress resistance and lag time of single cells can have a big impact on their growth and therefore on the probability of their detection in food. In this study, six strains of Cronobacter spp. were subjected to heat, acid and desiccation stress and single cell lag times were determined using optical density measurements. The duration of lag time was highest after acid stress and did not correlate to stress resistance. The effect that the inactivation caused by stress and an extended lag time had on the projected cfu level reached after enrichment was simulated in different scenarios...
November 7, 2016: International Journal of Food Microbiology
C Thielscher, E Hahn, M Klumpp, B Lindenberg, D Matusiewicz
AIM OF THE STUDY: The article examines how big German insurance companies handle back pain in terms of occupational health management (OHM). METHODOLOGY: Narrative interviews with experts from 8 out of the 20 biggest enterprises were conducted. RESULTS: Musculoskeletal diseases are the number one or number two reason for sick leave. All enterprises offer OHM; there is a variety of measures, e. g., sport, massage, advice, ergonomics, healthy food and leadership training...
August 12, 2016: Der Orthopäde
Wei Song, Keji Jiang, Fengying Zhang, Yu Lin, Lingbo Ma
BACKGROUND: Acipenser baeri, one of the critically endangered animals on the verge of extinction, is a key species for evolutionary, developmental, physiology and conservation studies and a standout amongst the most important food products worldwide. Though the transcriptome of the early development of A. baeri has been published recently, the transcriptome changes occurring in the transition from embryonic to late stages are still unknown. The aim of this work was to analyze the transcriptomes of embryonic and post-embryonic stages of A...
2016: BMC Genomics
Xiao-Wei Chen, Ya-Jun Chen, Jin-Mei Wang, Jian Guo, Shou-Wei Yin, Xiao-Quan Yang
Algae oil, enriched with omega-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω-3 LC-PUFA), is known for its health benefits. However, protection against lipid oxidation as well as masking of unpleasant fishy malodors in algae oil enriched foods is a big challenge to achieve. In this study, we firstly achieved a one-pot ultrasound emulsification strategy (alternative heating-homogenization) to prepare phytosterol structured thermosensitive algae oil-in-water nanoemulsion stabilized by quillaja saponin. After spray drying, the resulting algae oil powders from the structured nanoemulsion templates exhibit an excellent reconstructed behavior, even after 30 d of storage...
September 14, 2016: Food & Function
A C Grammer, M M Ryals, S E Heuer, R D Robl, S Madamanchi, L S Davis, B Lauwerys, M D Catalina, P E Lipsky
Lupus patients are in need of modern drugs to treat specific manifestations of their disease effectively and safely. In the past half century, only one new treatment has been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). In 2014-2015, the FDA approved 71 new drugs, only one of which targeted a rheumatic disease and none of which was approved for use in SLE. Repositioning/repurposing drugs approved for other diseases using multiple approaches is one possible means to find new treatment options for lupus patients...
September 2016: Lupus
Ross C Beier, Eelco Franz, James L Bono, Robert E Mandrell, Pina M Fratamico, Todd R Callaway, Kathleen Andrews, Toni L Poole, Tawni L Crippen, Cynthia L Sheffield, Robin C Anderson, David J Nisbet
The disinfectant and antimicrobial susceptibility profiles of 138 non-O157 Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli strains (STECs) from food animals and humans were determined. Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) was moderate (39.1% of strains) in response to 15 antimicrobial agents. Animal strains had a lower AMR prevalence (35.6%) than did human strains (43.9%) but a higher prevalence of the resistance profile GEN-KAN-TET. A decreasing prevalence of AMR was found among animal strains from serogroups O45 > O145 > O121 > O111 > O26 > O103 and among human strains from serogroups O145 > O103 > O26 > O111 > O121 > O45...
August 2016: Journal of Food Protection
A Mori, K Ueda, P Lee, H Oda, K Ishioka, T Sako
Carbohydrate is an important source of energy, which can significantly affect postprandial blood glucose and insulin levels in cats. In healthy animals, this is not a big concern; however, in obese and diabetic animals, this is an important detail. In the present study, the impact of four different carbohydrate sources (glucose, maltose, corn starch, and trehalose) on short-term post-prandial serum glucose, insulin, and non-esterified fatty acid (NEFA) concentrations was investigated with four obese cats. Each of the carbohydrate sources was added to a commercial wet food diet for feeding the animals...
2016: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
Asako Ozaki, Eri Kishi, Tomoko Ooshima, Atsushi Hase, Yoko Kawamura
Six nanosilver-labelled products and five silver ion (Ag(+))-labelled products were investigated to measure the migration of Ag from food-contact plastics, including nanosilver into various food simulants. The products were obtained in Japanese markets in 2012. Zinc (Zn), another major antimicrobial agent, and three harmful metals, cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb) and arsenic (As), were also examined. Ag and Zn were detected in all six nanosilver products at concentrations of 21-200 and 8.4-140 mg kg(-1), respectively...
September 2016: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
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