keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Big food

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235691/rna-interference-mediated-functional-characterization-of-aquaporin-genes-in-tribolium-castaneum
#1
X-X Yao, Q-W Meng, G-Q Li
An obvious challenge faced by most terrestrial insects is maintaining water homeostasis in an arid environment. Current research suggests aquaporins may be evolved to meet the challenge. However, up to now, this suggestion has not been verified in any insect that feeds upon solid food with mandibulate mouthparts. In the present paper, nine putative aquaporin genes [Tribolium castaneum big brain, T. castaneum Drosophila integral protein (TcDrip), T. castaneum Pyrocoelia rufa integral protein (TcPrip), T. castaneum aquaporin 12-like, T...
December 13, 2017: Insect Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215605/cone-snails-a-big-store-of-conotoxins-for-novel-drug-discovery
#2
REVIEW
Bingmiao Gao, Chao Peng, Jiaan Yang, Yunhai Yi, Junqing Zhang, Qiong Shi
Marine drugs have developed rapidly in recent decades. Cone snails, a group of more than 700 species, have always been one of the focuses for new drug discovery. These venomous snails capture prey using a diverse array of unique bioactive neurotoxins, usually named as conotoxins or conopeptides. These conotoxins have proven to be valuable pharmacological probes and potential drugs due to their high specificity and affinity to ion channels, receptors, and transporters in the nervous systems of target prey and humans...
December 7, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214851/weight-and-veterans-environments-study-waves-i-and-ii-rationale-methods-and-cohort-characteristics
#3
Shannon N Zenk, Elizabeth Tarlov, Lisa M Powell, Coady Wing, Stephen A Matthews, Sandy Slater, Howard S Gordon, Michael Berbaum, Marian L Fitzgibbon
PURPOSE: To present the rationale, methods, and cohort characteristics for 2 complementary "big data" studies of residential environment contributions to body weight, metabolic risk, and weight management program participation and effectiveness. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort. SETTING: Continental United States. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 3 261 115 veterans who received Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) health care in 2009 to 2014, including 169 910 weight management program participants and a propensity score-derived comparison group...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198522/role-of-compostable-tableware-in-food-service-and-waste-management-a-life-cycle-assessment-study
#4
Maurizio Fieschi, Ugo Pretato
It is estimated that in Europe 88-100 million tonnes of food waste are generated every year, with a Global Warming Potential (GWP) of around 227 MT of CO2 equivalents generated for their collection and disposal. A 12% of this waste is estimated to arise from food service within the hospitality sector, which includes quick service restaurants, casual and fine dining, contract catering (canteens, prisons, hospitals, schools etc.) as well as indoor and outdoor events and exhibitions. Given this considerable amount and that the mixed unsorted collection is often the only practicable way to handle such waste flows, the choice of tableware and cutlery can make a big difference in facilitating waste collection as well as in reducing the overall environmental impact of food waste management...
November 30, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186859/peanuts-aflatoxins-and-undernutrition-in-children-in-sub-saharan-africa
#5
REVIEW
Innocent Mupunga, Pamella Mngqawa, David R Katerere
Peanuts (Arachis hypogaea) is an important and affordable source of protein in most of Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) and a popular commodity and raw material for peanut butter, paste and cooking oil. It is a popular ingredient for foods used at the point of weaning infants from mother's milk. It is at this critical point that childhood undernutrition occurs and the condition manifests as stunting, wasting and growth restriction and accounts for nearly half of all deaths in children under five years of age in SSA...
November 26, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186036/a-new-bone-substitute-developed-from-3d-prints-of-polylactide-pla-loaded-with-collagen-i-an-in-vitro-study
#6
Ulrike Ritz, Rebekka Gerke, Hermann Götz, Stefan Stein, Pol Maria Rommens
Although a lot of research has been performed, large segmental bone defects caused by trauma, infection, bone tumors or revision surgeries still represent big challenges for trauma surgeons. New and innovative bone substitutes are needed. Three-dimensional (3D) printing is a novel procedure to create 3D porous scaffolds that can be used for bone tissue engineering. In the present study, solid discs as well as porous cage-like 3D prints made of polylactide (PLA) are coated or filled with collagen, respectively, and tested for biocompatibility and endotoxin contamination...
November 29, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180792/twitter-derived-neighborhood-characteristics-associated-with-obesity-and-diabetes
#7
Quynh C Nguyen, Kimberly D Brunisholz, Weijun Yu, Matt McCullough, Heidi A Hanson, Michelle L Litchman, Feifei Li, Yuan Wan, James A VanDerslice, Ming Wen, Ken R Smith
Neighborhood characteristics are increasingly connected with health outcomes. Social processes affect health through the maintenance of social norms, stimulation of new interests, and dispersal of knowledge. We created zip code level indicators of happiness, food, and physical activity culture from geolocated Twitter data to examine the relationship between these neighborhood characteristics and obesity and diabetes diagnoses (Type 1 and Type 2). We collected 422,094 tweets sent from Utah between April 2015 and March 2016...
November 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179641/microalgal-process-monitoring-based-on-high-selectivity-spectroscopy-tools-status-and-future-perspectives
#8
Michael Podevin, Ioannis A Fotidis, Irini Angelidaki
Microalgae are well known for their ability to accumulate lipids intracellularly, which can be used for biofuels and mitigate CO2 emissions. However, due to economic challenges, microalgae bioprocesses have maneuvered towards the simultaneous production of food, feed, fuel, and various high-value chemicals in a biorefinery concept. On-line and in-line monitoring of macromolecules such as lipids, proteins, carbohydrates, and high-value pigments will be more critical to maintain product quality and consistency for downstream processing in a biorefinery to maintain and valorize these markets...
November 27, 2017: Critical Reviews in Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168190/innovative-food-products-for-cancer-patients-future-directions
#9
Itziar Tueros, Matxalen Uriarte
One of the main challenges for cancer patients under treatment is to prevent and tackle malnutrition. The current clinical nutrition market offers different food supplements or oral nutritional support products (mainly milkshakes or modified texture products) for cancer patients under risk of malnutrition. However, it is worth mentioning, that these products do not address the pleasure of eating, since they do not meet sensory requirements, such as taste and smell alterations, nor patients' food preferences, leading to a big impact on their quality of life (QOL)...
November 23, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124046/the-analysis-of-a-diet-for-the-human-being-and-the-companion-animal-using-big-data-in-2016
#10
Eun-Jin Jung, Young-Suk Kim, Jung-Wa Choi, Hye Won Kang, Un-Jae Chang
The purpose of this study was to investigate the diet tendencies of human and companion animals using big data analysis. The keyword data of human diet and companion animals' diet were collected from the portal site Naver from January 1, 2016 until December 31, 2016 and collected data were analyzed by simple frequency analysis, N-gram analysis, keyword network analysis and seasonality analysis. In terms of human, the word exercise had the highest frequency through simple frequency analysis, whereas diet menu most frequently appeared in the N-gram analysis...
October 2017: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098610/reported-adverse-events-with-painkillers-data-mining-of-the-us-food-and-drug-administration-adverse-events-reporting-system
#11
Jae Min, Vicki Osborne, Allison Kowalski, Mattia Prosperi
INTRODUCTION: One-third of adults in the USA experience chronic pain and use a variety of painkillers, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), acetaminophen, and opioids. However, some serious adverse events (AEs), such as cardiovascular incidents, overdose, and death, have been found to be related to painkillers. METHODS: We used 2015 and 2016 AE reports from the US FDA's Adverse Events Reporting System (FAERS) to conduct exploratory analysis on the demographics of those who reported painkiller-related AEs, examine the AEs most commonly associated with different types of painkillers, and identify potential safety signals...
November 2, 2017: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082711/-research-on-ginseng-trade-competitiveness-between-china-and-korea
#12
Min-Tong Xin, Guang Yang, Xiao-Jing Tang
Ginseng is one of China's valuable Chinese herbal medicines, with a long using history. Ginseng has worldwide reputation, and widely used in food, medicine, health products, cosmetics and other production. China and South Korea have a big ginseng industrial, and sharing half of the export market. The ginseng export competitiveness analysis seems important and necessary between China and South Korea. In this paper, the data of customs and trade of ginseng in COMTRADE database were studied, and ginseng export competitiveness was analyzed between China and Korea...
May 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065444/direct-effects-of-the-home-school-and-consumer-food-environments-on-the-association-between-food-purchasing-patterns-and-dietary-intake-among-rural-adolescents-in-kentucky-and-north-carolina-2017
#13
Alison Gustafson, Stephanie Jilcott Pitts, Jordan McDonald, Hannah Ford, Paige Connelly, Rachel Gillespie, Emily Liu, Heather Bush, Candace Brancato, Toyin Babatande, Janet Mullins
Background: Obesity rates are higher among rural versus urban adolescents. To examine possible mechanisms for the rural-urban adolescent obesity disparity, we examined the direct and indirect effects of food purchasing patterns, and the home, school, and consumer food environments on dietary intake among rural adolescents. Methods: A baseline survey was conducted among adolescents in eight rural high schools (four in Eastern Kentucky, and four in Eastern North Carolina). Participants answered questions about food purchasing patterns, dietary intake, home food availability, and demographics...
October 21, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046166/evaluation-of-mericon-e-coli-o157-screen-plus-and-mericon-e-coli-stec-o-type-pathogen-detection-assays-in-select-foods-collaborative-study-first-action-2017-05
#14
Patrick Bird, M Joseph Benzinger, Benjamin Bastin, Erin Crowley, James Agin, David Goins, Marcia Armstrong
QIAGEN mericon Escherichia coli O157 Screen Plus and mericon E. coliShiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC) O-Type Pathogen Detection Assays use Real-Time PCR technology for the rapid, accurate detection of E. coli O157 and the “big six” (O26, O45, O103, O111, O121, O145) (non-O157 STEC) in select food types. Using a paired study design, the assays were compared with the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food Safety Inspection Service Microbiology Laboratory Guidebook Chapter 5.09 reference method for the detection of E...
October 18, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039333/antioxidant-antibacterial-and-antiproliferative-activities-of-pumpkin-cucurbit-peel-and-puree-extracts-an-in-vitro-study
#15
Muhammad Asif, Syed Ali Raza Naqvi, Tauqir A Sherazi, Matloob Ahmad, Ameer Fawad Zahoor, Sohail Anjum Shahzad, Zaib Hussain, Hassan Mahmood, Nasir Mahmood
Natural resources right from the beginning of the human civilization has paved the way to human being to combat different challenges. The big challenge was to safe the human being from diseases and shortage of food. Plants helped the man in both areas very efficiently. No doubt when plants are used as food actually we are also taking lot of compounds of medicinal values in an excellent combination which naturally reduce the risk of diseases. Extraction and purification of several medicinally important compounds also gave the way to develop pharmaceutical industry in addition to its own therapeutic effects against different lethal diseases...
July 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016385/a-history-into-genetic-and-epigenetic-evolution-of-food-tolerance-how-humanity-rapidly-evolved-by-drinking-milk-and-eating-wheat
#16
Carine Blanchard
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Human exposure to wheat and milk is almost global worldwide. Yet the introduction of milk and wheat is very recent (5000-10 000 years) when compared to the human evolution. The last 4 decades have seen a rise in food allergy and food intolerance to milk and wheat. Often described as plurifactorial, the cause of allergic diseases is the result from an interplay between genetic predisposition and epigenetic in the context of environmental changes. RECENT FINDINGS: Genetic and epigenetic understanding and their contribution to allergy or other antigen-driven diseases have considerably advanced in the last few years...
December 2017: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992429/adverse-effects-of-nutraceuticals-and-dietary-supplements
#17
Martin J J Ronis, Kim B Pedersen, James Watt
Over 70% of Americans take some form of dietary supplement every day, and the supplement industry is currently big business, with a gross of over $28 billion. However, unlike either foods or drugs, supplements do not need to be registered or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) prior to production or sales. Under the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act of 1994, the FDA is restricted to adverse report monitoring postmarketing. Despite widespread consumption, there is limited evidence of health benefits related to nutraceutical or supplement use in well-nourished adults...
October 6, 2017: Annual Review of Pharmacology and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973688/from-classical-toxicology-to-tox21-some-critical-conceptual-and-technological-advances-in-the-molecular-understanding-of-the-toxic-response-beginning-from-the-last-quarter-of-the-20th-century
#18
Supratim Choudhuri, Geoffrey W Patton, Ronald F Chanderbhan, Antonia Mattia, Curtis D Klaassen
Toxicology has made steady advances over the last 60+ years in understanding the mechanisms of toxicity at an increasingly finer level of cellular organization. Traditionally, toxicological studies have used animal models. However, the general adoption of the principles of 3R (Replace, Reduce, Refine) provided the impetus for the development of in vitro models in toxicity testing. The present commentary is an attempt to briefly discuss the transformation in toxicology that began around 1980. Many genes important in cellular protection and metabolism of toxicants were cloned and characterized in the 80s, and gene expression studies became feasible, too...
September 1, 2017: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931728/fish-face-a-trade-off-between-eating-big-for-growth-efficiency-and-eating-small-to-retain-aerobic-capacity
#19
Tommy Norin, Timothy D Clark
Feeding provides the necessary energy to fuel all fitness-related processes including activity, growth and reproduction. Nevertheless, prey consumption and digestive processes can have physical and physiological trade-offs with other critical functions, many of which are not clearly understood. Using an ambush predator, barramundi (Lates calcarifer), fed meals ranging 0.6-3.4% of body mass, we examined interrelations between meal size, growth efficiency and surplus aerobic metabolic capacity (aerobic scope, AS)...
September 2017: Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929676/-understanding-and-development-strategy-of-health-food-containing-chinese-materia-medica
#20
REVIEW
Lin-Yuan Wang, Jian-Jun Zhang, Chun Wang, Jing-Xia Wang, Ying-Li Zhu, Jia Wang, Xue-Min Gao
Health food containing Chinese materia medica (CMM) conforms to the development demands of the age of big health and the theory of preventive treatment. In the view of health care and improvement of resisting diseases, it plays an important role in the market. It is very necessary to have further study and discussion on health food containing CMM. First of all, by comparing, analyzing and summarizing, the health food containing CMM could be defined as the health food which is qualified in security and functionality evaluation, with the traditional Chinese medicines(TCM) within TCM standards as the main raw materials, and the formulation-composition is based on the theory of TCM...
November 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
keyword
keyword
98863
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"