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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207311/prevalence-of-salmonella-in-cashews-hazelnuts-macadamia-nuts-pecans-pine-nuts-and-walnuts-in-the-united-states
#1
Guodong Zhang, Lijun Hu, David Melka, Hua Wang, Anna Laasri, Eric W Brown, Errol Strain, Marc Allard, Vincent K Bunning, Steven M Musser, Rhoma Johnson, Sofia M Santillana Farakos, Virginia N Scott, Régis Pouillot, Jane M Van Doren, Thomas S Hammack
Nuts have been identified as a vector for salmonellosis. The objective of this project was to estimate the prevalence and contamination level of Salmonella in raw tree nuts (cashews, pecans, hazelnuts, macadamia nuts, pine nuts, and walnuts) at retail markets in the United States. A total of 3,656 samples of six types of tree nuts were collected from different types of retail stores and markets nationwide between October 2014 and October 2015. These samples were analyzed using a modified version of the Salmonella culture method from the U...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202811/small-birds-big-effects-the-little-auk-alle-alle-transforms-high-arctic-ecosystems
#2
Ivan González-Bergonzoni, Kasper L Johansen, Anders Mosbech, Frank Landkildehus, Erik Jeppesen, Thomas A Davidson
In some arctic areas, marine-derived nutrients (MDN) resulting from fish migrations fuel freshwater and terrestrial ecosystems, increasing primary production and biodiversity. Less is known, however, about the role of seabird-MDN in shaping ecosystems. Here, we examine how the most abundant seabird in the North Atlantic, the little auk (Alle alle), alters freshwater and terrestrial ecosystems around the North Water Polynya (NOW) in Greenland. We compare stable isotope ratios (δ(15)N and δ(13)C) of freshwater and terrestrial biota, terrestrial vegetation indices and physical-chemical properties, productivity and community structure of fresh waters in catchments with and without little auk colonies...
February 22, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194259/anti-inflammatory-activity-of-a-sulfated-polysaccharide-isolated-from-an-enzymatic-digest-of-brown-seaweed-sargassum-horneri-in-raw-264-7-cells
#3
Kalu Kapuge Asanka Sanjeewa, Ilekkuttige Priyan Shanura Fernando, Eun-A Kim, Ginnae Ahn, Youngheun Jee, You-Jin Jeon
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Sargassum horneri is an edible brown alga that grows in the subtidal zone as an annual species along the coasts of South Korea, China, and Japan. Recently, an extreme amount of S. horneri moved into the coasts of Jeju Island from the east coast of China, which made huge economic and environmental loss to the Jeju Island. Thus, utilization of this biomass becomes a big issue with the local authorities. Therefore, the present study was performed to evaluate the anti-inflammatory potential of crude polysaccharides (CPs) extracted from S...
February 2017: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185350/development-of-a-strategy-for-the-total-chemical-synthesis-of-an-allergenic-protein-the-peach-ltp-pru-p-3
#4
Sofie Buhler, Jaap H Akkerdaas, Thelma A Pertinhez, Ronald Van Ree, Arnaldo Dossena, Stefano Sforza, Tullia Tedeschi
The possibility to obtain allergenic proteins by means of total chemical synthesis would be a big step forward in the development of cures to food allergy and in the study of the mechanism of allergic reactions, because this would allow to achieve control at the molecular level over the structure of the product and to study its relationship with the allergenic activity in fine details. This is instead not possible by using allergens produced by extraction from natural sources or by recombinant DNA techniques...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Peptide Science: An Official Publication of the European Peptide Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125035/food-choice-motives-when-purchasing-in-organic-and-conventional-consumer-clusters-focus-on-sustainable-concerns-the-nutrinet-sant%C3%A3-cohort-study
#5
Julia Baudry, Sandrine Péneau, Benjamin Allès, Mathilde Touvier, Serge Hercberg, Pilar Galan, Marie-Josèphe Amiot, Denis Lairon, Caroline Méjean, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot
The purpose of this study was to examine food choice motives associated with various organic and conventional dietary patterns among 22,366 participants of the NutriNet-Santé study. Dietary intakes were estimated using a food frequency questionnaire. Food choice motives were assessed using a validated 63-item-questionnaire gathered into nine food choice motive dimension scores: "absence of contaminants", "avoidance for environmental reasons", "ethics and environment", "taste", "innovation", "local and traditional production", "price", "health" and "convenience"...
January 24, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111085/portion-size-tells-who-i-am-food-type-tells-who-you-are-specific-functions-of-amount-and-type-of-food-in-same-and-opposite-sex-dyadic-eating-contexts
#6
Nicoletta Cavazza, Margherita Guidetti, Fabrizio Butera
Previous research has shown that women eating small portions of food (vs. eating big portions) are perceived as more feminine, whereas men eating large portions are perceived as more masculine. The specific type of food items have also been shown to carry connotations for gender stereotyping. In addition, matching the co-eater's food quantity is also a means to ingratiate him or her. Thus, a potential motivational conflict between gender identity expression and ingratiation arises when people eat in opposite-sex dyads...
January 19, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103076/big-food-s-ambivalence-seeking-profit-and-responsibility-for-health
#7
Tjidde Tempels, Marcel Verweij, Vincent Blok
In this article, we critically reflect on the responsibilities that the food industry has for public health. Although food companies are often significant contributors to public health problems (e.g., obesity, type 2 diabetes), the mere possibility of corporate responsibility for public health seems to be excluded in the academic public health discourse. We argue that the behavior of several food companies reflects a split corporate personality, as they contribute to public health problems and simultaneously engage in activities to prevent them...
March 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092714/the-food-in-our-future-where-will-we-find-ethics
#8
Jeffrey Burkhardt
Food and agricultural systems are in large part driven by technology. Together with public policy, the kinds of technologies that are induced into, or chosen by actors in, food systems, dictates their structure and activities. The ″Big Story″ or ideology which underlies research, development and adoption of technologies provides the justification for choices we make about the future of the food system. A combination of productionism -more is better, and ″feed the world″- is what governs, and seems to be what will govern Western food systems...
September 2016: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092062/-it-s-a-very-big-burden-on-me-women-s-experiences-using-insulin-for-gestational-diabetes
#9
Marlaine Figueroa Gray, Clarissa Hsu, Linda Kiel, Sascha Dublin
Objectives Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) affects hundreds of thousands of women each year. Many require medications to manage their blood glucose levels. Only insulin is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for use in pregnancy. While other medications can be used, their safety remains controversial. Few studies have examined women's lived experience of using insulin for GDM. Our objective in this study was to foreground the voices of women speaking about their treatment experience. Methods We conducted two focus groups including 16 women treated for GDM with medications, primarily insulin...
January 13, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088546/product-vs-corporate-carbon-footprint-some-methodological-issues-a-case-study-and-review-on-the-wine-sector
#10
Alejandra Navarro, Rita Puig, Pere Fullana-I-Palmer
Carbon footprint (CF) is nowadays one of the most widely used environmental indicators. The scope of the CF assessment could be corporate (when all production processes of a company are evaluated, together with upstream and downstream processes following a life cycle approach) or product (when one of the products is evaluated throughout its life cycle). Our hypothesis was that usually product CF studies (PCF) collect corporate data, because it is easier for companies to obtain them than product data. Six main methodological issues to take into account when collecting corporate data to be used for PCF studies were postulated and discussed in the present paper: fugitive emissions, credits from waste recycling, use of "equivalent factors", reference flow definition, accumulation and allocation of corporate values to minor products...
January 11, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070933/secretome-analysis-of-diarrhea-inducing-strains-of-escherichia-coli
#11
Raja Sekhar Nirujogi, Babylakshmi Muthusamy, Min-Sik Kim, Gajanan J Sathe, P T V Lakshmi, Olga N Kovbasnjuk, T S Keshava Prasad, Mary Wade, Rabih E Jabbour
Secreted proteins constitute a major part of virulence factors that are responsible for pathogenesis caused by gram negative bacteria. Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (E. coli), EHEC O157:H7 is the major pathogen often causing outbreaks. However, studies have reported that the significant outbreaks caused by non O157:H7 E. coli strains, also known as "Big-Six" serogroup strains are increasing. There is no systematic study describing differential secreted proteins from these non-O157:H7 E. coli strains. In this study, we carried out mass spectrometry-based differential secretome analysis using tandem mass tags labeling strategy of non-O157:H7 E...
January 9, 2017: Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051336/social-big-data-analysis-of-information-spread-and-perceived-infection-risk-during-the-2015-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-outbreak-in-south-korea
#12
Juyoung Song, Tae Min Song, Dong-Chul Seo, Dal-Lae Jin, Jung Sun Kim
We investigated online diffusion of information, spread of fear, and perceived risk of infection to Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) as cases of MERS spread rapidly and dozens of fatalities occurred in South Korea in May-June of 2015. This study retrieved 8,671,695 MERS-related online documents from May 20 to June 18, 2015, from 171 Korean online channels and analyzed such documents by using multilevel models and data mining with Apriori algorithm association analysis. We used R software (version 3.2...
January 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049892/maintenance-of-clinical-expertise-and-clinical-research-by-the-clinical-professors-at-gifu-pharmaceutical-university
#13
Tomoya Tachi, Yoshihiro Noguchi, Hitomi Teramachi
 The clinical professors at Gifu Pharmaceutical University (GPU) provide pharmaceutical services at GPU Pharmacy, Gifu University Hospital, and Gifu Municipal Hospital to keep their clinical skills up-to-date; they also perform clinical research in collaboration with many clinical institutes. The Laboratory of Clinical Pharmacy is part of the Department of Pharmacy Practice and Science, to which the clinical professors belong, and is composed of three clinical professors (a professor, an associate professor, and an assistant professor)...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034669/pioglitazone-improves-insulin-sensitivity-and-reduces-weight-loss-in-walker-256-tumor-bearing-rats
#14
Flaviane de Fatima Silva, Milene Ortiz-Silva, Winny Beatriz de Souza Galia, Priscila Cassolla, Maria Fernanda Rodrigues Graciano, Cassia Thaïs Bussamra Vieira Zaia, Dimas Zaia, Ângelo Rafael Carpinelli, Francemilson Goulart da Silva, Helenir Medri de Souza
AIM: The lipogenic effect of pioglitazone (PGZ), an insulin (INS) sensitizer, is well established. However, few studies have evaluated PGZ effects in preventing weight loss in cancer. We investigated PGZ effects, alone or associated with INS, on INS resistance, cachexia and metabolic abnormalities induced by Walker-256 tumor in rats MAIN METHODS: PGZ (5.0mg·kg(-1), oral) or PGZ+INS (NPH, 1.0UI·kg(-1), sc), were once-daily administered during 12days, starting on the day inoculation of Walker-256 tumor cells...
December 26, 2016: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994979/diet-of-the-endangered-big-headed-turtle-platysternon-megacephalum
#15
Yik-Hei Sung, Billy C H Hau, Nancy E Karraker
Populations of the big-headed turtle Platysternon megacephalum are declining at unprecedented rates across most of its distribution in Southeast Asia owing to unsustainable harvest for pet, food, and Chinese medicine markets. Research on Asian freshwater turtles becomes more challenging as populations decline and basic ecological information is needed to inform conservation efforts. We examined fecal samples collected from P. megacephalum in five streams in Hong Kong to quantify the diet, and we compared the germination success of ingested and uningested seeds...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927892/a-concept-wide-association-study-of-clinical-notes-to-discover-new-predictors-of-kidney-failure
#16
Karandeep Singh, Rebecca A Betensky, Adam Wright, Gary C Curhan, David W Bates, Sushrut S Waikar
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Identifying predictors of kidney disease progression is critical toward the development of strategies to prevent kidney failure. Clinical notes provide a unique opportunity for big data approaches to identify novel risk factors for disease. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: We used natural language processing tools to extract concepts from the preceding year's clinical notes among patients newly referred to a tertiary care center's outpatient nephrology clinics and retrospectively evaluated these concepts as predictors for the subsequent development of ESRD using proportional subdistribution hazards (competing risk) regression...
December 7, 2016: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925708/determinants-of-the-use-of-dietary-supplements-among-secondary-and-high-school-students
#17
Karolina Gajda, Monika Zielińska, Anna Ciecierska, Jadwiga Hamułka
Background: All over the world, including Poland, the sale of dietary supplements is increasing. More and more often, people including children and youths, use dietary supplements on their own initiative and without any medical indications or knowledge in this field. Objectives: Analysis of the conditions of using the dietary supplements with vitamins and minerals among secondary school and high school students in Poland. Material and methods: The study included 396 students aged 13-18 years (249 girls and 147 boys)...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925123/-conflict-of-interest-in-the-training-and-practices-of-nutritionists-regulation-is-necessary
#18
Tatiane Nunes Pereira, Fabiana Alves do Nascimento, Daniel Henrique Bandoni
Transnational "Big Food" companies use advertising strategies to influence nutritionists, professors and students of nutrition. There are, however, conflicts of interest in this relationship. The scope of this study is to conduct a narrative review on the influence of the food industry in training in nutrition. It was revealed that industries seek to induce the recommendation, the prescription and the consumption of products by students and nutritionists through strategies such as sponsorship of scientific meetings, travel funding and the distribution of promotional gifts...
December 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904021/scanning-electron-microscopic-study-on-the-tongues-of-seven-avian-species
#19
Shoichi Emura
The dorsal lingual surface of the grey crowned crane (Balearica regulorum), American flamingo (Phoenicopterus rubber), great egret (Ardea alba), mallard (Anas platyrhynchos), Himalayan monal (Lophophorus impejanus), black-necked stilt (himantopus mexicanus) and green macaw (Ara militaris) were examined by scanning electron microscopy. In the grey crowned crane, the surface of the lingual apex was relatively rough. Many openings of the lingual glands in both lateral regions of the lingual body were observed...
2016: Okajimas Folia Anatomica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888482/biofertilizers-a-potential-approach-for-sustainable-agriculture-development
#20
Trishna Mahanty, Surajit Bhattacharjee, Madhurankhi Goswami, Purnita Bhattacharyya, Bannhi Das, Abhrajyoti Ghosh, Prosun Tribedi
The worldwide increase in human population raises a big threat to the food security of each people as the land for agriculture is limited and even getting reduced with time. Therefore, it is essential that agricultural productivity should be enhanced significantly within the next few decades to meet the large demand of food by emerging population. Not to mention, too much dependence on chemical fertilizers for more crop productions inevitably damages both environmental ecology and human health with great severity...
November 26, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
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