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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452044/food-addiction-is-associated-with-higher-neuroticism-lower-conscientiousness-higher-impulsivity-but-lower-extraversion-in-obese-patient-candidates-for-bariatric-surgery
#1
Paul Brunault, Pierre-Henri Ducluzeau, Robert Courtois, Céline Bourbao-Tournois, Irène Delbachian, Christian Réveillère, Nicolas Ballon
BACKGROUND: The "food addiction" phenotype identifies a subpopulation of individuals experiencing substance-dependence symptoms toward specific foods. In the current debate on whether the "food addiction" phenotype should be considered as an addictive disorder, assessment of the personality traits associated with this phenotype would provide arguments for or against the "food addiction" phenotype and its inclusion in the "substance-related and addictive disorder" category...
February 16, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446033/climate-change-foodborne-pathogens-and-illness-in-higher-income-countries
#2
REVIEW
I R Lake, G C Barker
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We present a review of the likely consequences of climate change for foodborne pathogens and associated human illness in higher-income countries. RECENT FINDINGS: The relationships between climate and food are complex and hence the impacts of climate change uncertain. This makes it difficult to know which foodborne pathogens will be most affected, what the specific effects will be, and on what timescales changes might occur. Hence, a focus upon current capacity and adaptation potential against foodborne pathogens is essential...
February 14, 2018: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433995/precision-nutrition-for-prevention-and-management-of-type-2-diabetes
#3
REVIEW
Dong D Wang, Frank B Hu
Precision nutrition aims to prevent and manage chronic diseases by tailoring dietary interventions or recommendations to one or a combination of an individual's genetic background, metabolic profile, and environmental exposures. Recent advances in genomics, metabolomics, and gut microbiome technologies have offered opportunities as well as challenges in the use of precision nutrition to prevent and manage type 2 diabetes. Nutrigenomics studies have identified genetic variants that influence intake and metabolism of specific nutrients and predict individuals' variability in response to dietary interventions...
February 9, 2018: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412720/big-food-s-opposition-to-the-french-nutri-score-front-of-pack-labeling-warrants-a-global-reaction
#4
Chantal Julia, Serge Hercberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405293/frying-of-the-dispersion-droplets-with-varying-contents-of-chickpea-flour-and-gum-arabic-product-characterization-and-modeling
#5
J Shanthilal, R Babylatha, M C Navya, A Chakkaravarthi, Suvendu Bhattacharya
Dispersions having chickpea (37%, 40%, and 43%, w/w) and gum arabic (0%, 1%, 2%, 3%, 4%, and 5%, w/w) solids were prepared. These dispersion droplets were fried, and the physical, sensory, and microstructural characteristics of the fried products were determined. The oil content in the fried snack decreased up to 20.3% when the level of chickpea and/or gum in the dispersions was increased. The compression curve for fried snack showed 5 major zones and exhibited the failure phenomenon. Failure force (6.5 to 11...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396337/a-critical-perspective-on-early-communications-concerning-human-health-aspects-of-microplastics
#6
Sinja Rist, Bethanie Carney Almroth, Nanna B Hartmann, Therese M Karlsson
Microplastic research in recent years has shown that small plastic particles are found almost everywhere we look. Besides aquatic and terrestrial environments, this also includes aquatic species intended for human consumption and several studies have reported their prevalence in other food products and beverages. The scientific as well as public debate has therefore increasingly focused on human health implications of microplastic exposure. However, there is a big discrepancy between the magnitude of this debate and actual scientific findings, which have merely shown the presence of microplastics in certain products...
January 20, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379352/the-intertwine-of-nanotechnology-with-the-food-industry
#7
REVIEW
Alshammari Fanar Hamad, Jong-Hun Han, Byung-Chun Kim, Irfan A Rather
The past decade has proven the competence of nanotechnology in almost all known fields. The evolution of nanotechnology today in the area of the food industry has been largely and has had a lot of contribution in the food processing, food package, and food preservation. The increasing global human population has come with growing population to be fed, and food production is not adjusted to at par with the growing population. This mismatch has shown the real essence of food preservation so that food products can reach to people on a global scale...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366469/salmonella-epidemiology-a-whirlwind-of-change
#8
REVIEW
John M Besser
The field of infectious disease epidemiology for Salmonella and other enteric pathogens is undergoing some of the most profound changes since the time of Kauffman and White. Rapid advances in "big data" technologies such as genomics and metagenomics are making it possible to monitor and control salmonellosis in new and exciting ways. Epidemiological methods are becoming increasingly robust through the routine use of standardized hypothesis-generating questionnaires, iterative open-ended interviewing, informational trace-backs and new modeling techniques for describing the attribution of disease to food sources...
May 2018: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359808/plant-genetic-resources-for-food-and-agriculture-opportunities-and-challenges-emerging-from-the-science-and-information-technology-revolution
#9
REVIEW
Michael Halewood, Tinashe Chiurugwi, Ruaraidh Sackville Hamilton, Brad Kurtz, Emily Marden, Eric Welch, Frank Michiels, Javad Mozafari, Muhamad Sabran, Nicola Patron, Paul Kersey, Ruth Bastow, Shawn Dorius, Sonia Dias, Susan McCouch, Wayne Powell
Contents Summary I. II. III. IV. V. VI. ORCID References SUMMARY: Over the last decade, there has been an ongoing revolution in the exploration, manipulation and synthesis of biological systems, through the development of new technologies that generate, analyse and exploit big data. Users of Plant Genetic Resources (PGR) can potentially leverage these capacities to significantly increase the efficiency and effectiveness of their efforts to conserve, discover and utilise novel qualities in PGR, and help achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)...
January 23, 2018: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353281/the-effectiveness-of-dietary-approaches-to-stop-hypertension-diet-intervention-in-persons-with-arterial-hypertension-and-obesity-a-key-role-of-the-patients-personality-profile
#10
Alicja Kucharska, Mariusz Jaworski, Mariusz Panczyk, Magdalena Pilska, Danuta Gajewska, Joanna Niegowska
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Benefits resulting from weight loss and dietary approaches to stop hypertension (DASH) diet in the treatment of arterial hypertension led to a search for a better therapy that would include psychological factors. The present study aimed to assess the relationship between the personality traits included in the Big Five personality traits and the effectiveness of treatment for weight loss in patients with essential hypertension and excessive body weight. METHODS: The study involved 84 patients with essential hypertension, overweight or obesity, managed by a hypertensiologist...
January 19, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319526/mrsa-in-pig-population
#11
Meldra Ivbule, Edvīns Miklaševičs, Liene Čupāne, Laima Bērziņa, Andris Bāliņš, Anda Valdovska
Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is widespread worldwide in different types of animal species and as a zoonosis takes a great risk for human health not only as a food toxicoinfection, but also as a highly resistant pathogen causing serious soft tissue infectious, septicaemia and even death. One of the most affected food-producing animal species is swine in the production of which new antibiotics in big amounts are used more and more continuously, increasing antimicrobial resistance. In this study several commercial pig farms and pigs with different age groups as well as farm workers and samples from environment were examined with the purpose of detecting MRSA prevalence and evaluating antimicrobial resistance...
September 27, 2017: Polish Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282867/dispersion-assisted-quick-and-simultaneous-extraction-of-30-pesticides-from-alcoholic-and-nonalcoholic-drinks-with-aid-of-experimental-design
#12
Rakesh Roshan Jha, Nivedita Singh, Rupender Kumari, Devendra Kumar Patel
The presence of pesticides in food items and beverages is a big threat to human kind and their quantitative estimation with high precision and accuracy is always a challenge for analytical chemist. Hence, a simple and rapid method is proposed for the simultaneous determination of 30 pesticides in beverages items (alcoholic and nonalcoholic drinks). The proposed method hyphenated with triple quadrupole liquid chromatography mass spectrometry has only 2 min chromatographic run time for analysis of all the pesticides...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246186/-when-a-woman-is-pregnant-her-grave-is-open-health-beliefs-concerning-dietary-practices-among-pregnant-kalenjin-women-in-rural-uasin-gishu-county-kenya
#13
Roselyter Monchari Riang'a, Anne Kisaka Nangulu, Jacqueline E W Broerse
BACKGROUND: Reducing malnutrition remains a major global challenge especially in low- and middle-income countries. Lack of knowledge on the motive of nutritional behaviour could ultimately cripple nutrition intervention outcomes. The purpose of this study was to investigate how health beliefs influence nutritional behaviour intention of the pregnant Kalenjin women of rural Uasin Gishu County in Kenya. The study findings provide useful information for culturally congruent nutrition counselling and intervention...
December 16, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235691/rna-interference-mediated-functional-characterization-of-aquaporin-genes-in-tribolium-castaneum
#14
X-X Yao, Q-W Meng, G-Q Li
An obvious challenge faced by most terrestrial insects is maintaining water homeostasis in an arid environment. Current research suggests aquaporins may be evolved to meet the challenge. However, up to now, this suggestion has not been verified in any insect that feeds upon solid food with mandibulate mouthparts. In the present paper, nine putative aquaporin genes [Tribolium castaneum big brain, T. castaneum Drosophila integral protein (TcDrip), T. castaneum Pyrocoelia rufa integral protein (TcPrip), T. castaneum aquaporin 12-like, T...
December 13, 2017: Insect Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215605/cone-snails-a-big-store-of-conotoxins-for-novel-drug-discovery
#15
REVIEW
Bingmiao Gao, Chao Peng, Jiaan Yang, Yunhai Yi, Junqing Zhang, Qiong Shi
Marine drugs have developed rapidly in recent decades. Cone snails, a group of more than 700 species, have always been one of the focuses for new drug discovery. These venomous snails capture prey using a diverse array of unique bioactive neurotoxins, usually named as conotoxins or conopeptides. These conotoxins have proven to be valuable pharmacological probes and potential drugs due to their high specificity and affinity to ion channels, receptors, and transporters in the nervous systems of target prey and humans...
December 7, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214851/weight-and-veterans-environments-study-waves-i-and-ii-rationale-methods-and-cohort-characteristics
#16
Shannon N Zenk, Elizabeth Tarlov, Lisa M Powell, Coady Wing, Stephen A Matthews, Sandy Slater, Howard S Gordon, Michael Berbaum, Marian L Fitzgibbon
PURPOSE: To present the rationale, methods, and cohort characteristics for 2 complementary "big data" studies of residential environment contributions to body weight, metabolic risk, and weight management program participation and effectiveness. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort. SETTING: Continental United States. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 3 261 115 veterans who received Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) health care in 2009 to 2014, including 169 910 weight management program participants and a propensity score-derived comparison group...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198522/role-of-compostable-tableware-in-food-service-and-waste-management-a-life-cycle-assessment-study
#17
Maurizio Fieschi, Ugo Pretato
It is estimated that in Europe 88-100 million tonnes of food waste are generated every year, with a Global Warming Potential (GWP) of around 227 MT of CO2 equivalents generated for their collection and disposal. A 12% of this waste is estimated to arise from food service within the hospitality sector, which includes quick service restaurants, casual and fine dining, contract catering (canteens, prisons, hospitals, schools etc.) as well as indoor and outdoor events and exhibitions. Given this considerable amount and that the mixed unsorted collection is often the only practicable way to handle such waste flows, the choice of tableware and cutlery can make a big difference in facilitating waste collection as well as in reducing the overall environmental impact of food waste management...
November 30, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186859/peanuts-aflatoxins-and-undernutrition-in-children-in-sub-saharan-africa
#18
REVIEW
Innocent Mupunga, Pamella Mngqawa, David R Katerere
Peanuts (Arachis hypogaea) is an important and affordable source of protein in most of Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) and a popular commodity and raw material for peanut butter, paste and cooking oil. It is a popular ingredient for foods used at the point of weaning infants from mother's milk. It is at this critical point that childhood undernutrition occurs and the condition manifests as stunting, wasting and growth restriction and accounts for nearly half of all deaths in children under five years of age in SSA...
November 26, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186036/a-new-bone-substitute-developed-from-3d-prints-of-polylactide-pla-loaded-with-collagen-i-an-in-vitro-study
#19
Ulrike Ritz, Rebekka Gerke, Hermann Götz, Stefan Stein, Pol Maria Rommens
Although a lot of research has been performed, large segmental bone defects caused by trauma, infection, bone tumors or revision surgeries still represent big challenges for trauma surgeons. New and innovative bone substitutes are needed. Three-dimensional (3D) printing is a novel procedure to create 3D porous scaffolds that can be used for bone tissue engineering. In the present study, solid discs as well as porous cage-like 3D prints made of polylactide (PLA) are coated or filled with collagen, respectively, and tested for biocompatibility and endotoxin contamination...
November 29, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180792/twitter-derived-neighborhood-characteristics-associated-with-obesity-and-diabetes
#20
Quynh C Nguyen, Kimberly D Brunisholz, Weijun Yu, Matt McCullough, Heidi A Hanson, Michelle L Litchman, Feifei Li, Yuan Wan, James A VanDerslice, Ming Wen, Ken R Smith
Neighborhood characteristics are increasingly connected with health outcomes. Social processes affect health through the maintenance of social norms, stimulation of new interests, and dispersal of knowledge. We created zip code level indicators of happiness, food, and physical activity culture from geolocated Twitter data to examine the relationship between these neighborhood characteristics and obesity and diabetes diagnoses (Type 1 and Type 2). We collected 422,094 tweets sent from Utah between April 2015 and March 2016...
November 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
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