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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427535/pathogens-of-food-animals-sources-characteristics-human-risk-and-methods-of-detection
#1
Catherine M Logue, Nicolle L Barbieri, Daniel W Nielsen
Pathogens associated with food production (livestock) animals come in many forms causing a multitude of disease for humans. For the purpose of this review, these infectious agents can be divided into three broad categories: those that are associated with bacterial disease, those that are associated with viruses, and those that are parasitic in nature. The goal of this chapter is to provide the reader with an overview of the most common pathogens that cause disease in humans through exposure via the food chain and the consequence of this exposure as well as risk and detection methods...
2017: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426029/-erosive-tooth-wear-in-children-and-adolescents-in-the-netherlands-how-big-is-the-problem
#2
D L Gambon, A A Schuller, E M Bronkhorst, G J Truin
According to international research, the prevalence of (erosive) tooth wear among children and adolescents has grown steadily in recent decades. The question was whether this also applies to the Netherlands and what changes in consumption patterns may play a role in this development. From 1998 up to and including 2011, 9 studies have been carried out on the prevalence of (erosive) tooth wear among the young. A meta-analysis of these studies reveals that an increase has also taken place in the Netherlands. Furthermore, a tendency was found for greater prevalence with increasing age...
April 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418414/-erosive-tooth-wear-in-children-and-adolescents-in-the-netherlands-how-big-is-the-problem
#3
D L Gambon, A A Schuller, E M Bronkhorst, G J Truin
According to international research, the prevalence of (erosive) tooth wear among children and adolescents has grown steadily in recent decades. The question was whether this also applies to the Netherlands and what changes in consumption patterns may play a role in this development. From 1998 up to and including 2011, 9 studies have been carried out on the prevalence of (erosive) tooth wear among the young. A meta-analysis of these studies reveals that an increase has also taken place in the Netherlands. Furthermore, a tendency was found for greater prevalence with increasing age...
April 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405360/towards-an-integrated-food-safety-surveillance-system-a-simulation-study-to-explore-the-potential-of-combining-genomic-and-epidemiological-metadata
#4
A A Hill, M Crotta, B Wall, L Good, S J O'Brien, J Guitian
Foodborne infection is a result of exposure to complex, dynamic food systems. The efficiency of foodborne infection is driven by ongoing shifts in genetic machinery. Next-generation sequencing technologies can provide high-fidelity data about the genetics of a pathogen. However, food safety surveillance systems do not currently provide similar high-fidelity epidemiological metadata to associate with genetic data. As a consequence, it is rarely possible to transform genetic data into actionable knowledge that can be used to genuinely inform risk assessment or prevent outbreaks...
March 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377327/brominated-flame-retardant-environmental-and-exposed-individuals-health-impact
#5
Patrice Dufour, Corinne Charlier
Since Antiquity, men have used chemicals to protect their goods against fire. Effective and easy to use, brominated flame retardants are used since decades massively in plastic industry. Such like other organohalogenated compounds, brominated flame retardants are very persistent in the environment and able to accumulate along the food chain. Many authors highlight their presence in the environment, in many animal species and in the human serum. Worryingly, man is exposed as soon as the pregnancy and then by the breastfeeding...
April 1, 2017: Annales de Biologie Clinique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361213/food-addiction-as-a-proxy-for-eating-disorder-and-obesity-severity-trauma-history-ptsd-symptoms-and-comorbidity
#6
REVIEW
Timothy D Brewerton
PURPOSE: Food addiction (FA) is a newly defined yet still controversial condition that has important etiological, developmental, treatment, prevention, and social policy implications. In this review, the case is made that FA (or high scores on the Yale Food Addiction Scale) may be used as a proxy measure for a matrix of interrelated clinical features, including greater eating disorder severity, greater obesity severity, more severe trauma histories, greater symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), greater psychiatric comorbidity, as well as greater medical morbidity and mortality...
March 30, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317324/big-in-the-benthos-future-change-of-seafloor-community-biomass-in-a-global-body-size-resolved-model
#7
Andrew Yool, Adrian P Martin, Thomas R Anderson, Brian J Bett, Daniel O B Jones, Henry A Ruhl
Deep-water benthic communities in the ocean are almost wholly dependent on near-surface pelagic ecosystems for their supply of energy and material resources. Primary production in sunlit surface waters is channelled through complex food webs that extensively recycle organic material, but lose a fraction as particulate organic carbon (POC) that sinks into the ocean interior. This exported production is further rarefied by microbial breakdown in the abyssal ocean, but a residual ultimately drives diverse assemblages of seafloor heterotrophs...
March 19, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301733/big-data-analytics-in-chemical-engineering
#8
Leo Chiang, Bo Lu, Ivan Castillo
Big data analytics is the journey to turn data into insights for more informed business and operational decisions. As the chemical engineering community is collecting more data (volume) from different sources (variety), this journey becomes more challenging in terms of using the right data and the right tools (analytics) to make the right decisions in real time (velocity). This article highlights recent big data advancements in five industries, including chemicals, energy, semiconductors, pharmaceuticals, and food, and then discusses technical, platform, and culture challenges...
February 27, 2017: Annual Review of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273266/-the-right-to-food-in-obesogenic-environments-reflections-on-the-role-of-health-professionals
#9
Laura Raquel Piaggio
Faced with the current obesity epidemic, this article problematizes the way the right to food is often circumscribed to situations of nutritional deficit. It is argued that the right to adequate food is violated in obesogenic environments and that protection of the right requires the establishment of measures to regulate advertising and marketing practices regarding ultra-processed products. The work suggests that the main barriers to the implementation of such measures are the strategies employed by Big Food; among these, strategies that have the scientific community as a target and/or means are highlighted...
October 2016: Salud Colectiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266134/a-small-plant-with-big-benefits-fenugreek-trigonella-foenum-graecum-linn-for-disease-prevention-and-health-promotion
#10
REVIEW
Kalyan C Nagulapalli Venkata, Debasis Bagchi, Anupam Bishayee
Plant-derived natural products have long-standing utility towards treating degenerative diseases. It is estimated that about two-third of world population depend on traditional medicine for primary medical needs. Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum Linn.), a short-living annual medicinal plant belonging to Fabaceae family, is used extensively in various parts of the world as herb, food, spice and traditional medicine. Fenugreek is considered as one of the oldest medicinal plants and its health-promoting effects have been cited in Ayurveda and traditional Chinese medicine...
March 7, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264008/women-s-autonomy-and-men-s-involvement-in-child-care-and-feeding-as-predictors-of-infant-and-young-child-anthropometric-indices-in-coffee-farming-households-of-jimma-zone-south-west-of-ethiopia
#11
Kalkidan Hassen Abate, Tefera Belachew
BACKGROUND: Most of child mortality and under nutrition in developing world were attributed to suboptimal childcare and feeding, which needs detailed investigation beyond the proximal factors. This study was conducted with the aim of assessing associations of women's autonomy and men's involvement with child anthropometric indices in cash crop livelihood areas of South West Ethiopia. METHODS: Multi-stage stratified sampling was used to select 749 farming households living in three coffee producing sub-districts of Jimma zone, Ethiopia...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261664/revisiting-adaptations-of-neotropical-katydids-orthoptera-tettigoniidae-to-gleaning-bat-predation
#12
Hannah Ter Hofstede, Silke Voigt-Heucke, Alexander Lang, Heinrich Römer, Rachel Page, Paul Faure, Dina Dechmann
All animals have defenses against predators, but assessing the effectiveness of such traits is challenging. Neotropical katydids (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae) are an abundant, ubiquitous, and diverse group of large insects eaten by a variety of predators, including substrate-gleaning bats. Gleaning bats capture food from surfaces and usually use prey-generated sounds to detect and locate prey. A number of Neotropical katydid signaling traits, such as the emission of ultrasonic frequencies, substrate vibration communication, infrequent calling, and ultrasound-evoked song cessation are thought to have evolved as defenses against substrate-gleaning bats...
January 1, 2017: Neotropical Biodiversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223952/the-role-of-personality-traits-in-young-adult-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption
#13
Tamlin S Conner, Laura M Thompson, Rachel L Knight, Jayde A M Flett, Aimee C Richardson, Kate L Brookie
This project investigated how individual differences in the big-five personality traits (neuroticism, extraversion, openness to experience, conscientiousness, and agreeableness) predicted plant-food consumption in young adults. A total of 1073 participants from two samples of young adults aged 17-25 reported their daily servings of fruits, vegetables, and two unhealthy foods for comparison purposes using an Internet daily diary for 21 or 13 days (micro-longitudinal, correlational design). Participants also completed the Neuroticism, Extraversion, Openness Five Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI) measure of personality, and demographic covariates including gender, age, ethnicity, and body mass index (BMI)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207311/prevalence-of-salmonella-in-cashews-hazelnuts-macadamia-nuts-pecans-pine-nuts-and-walnuts-in-the-united-states
#14
Guodong Zhang, Lijun Hu, David Melka, Hua Wang, Anna Laasri, Eric W Brown, Errol Strain, Marc Allard, Vincent K Bunning, Steven M Musser, Rhoma Johnson, Sofia M Santillana Farakos, Virginia N Scott, Régis Pouillot, Jane M Van Doren, Thomas S Hammack
Nuts have been identified as a vector for salmonellosis. The objective of this project was to estimate the prevalence and contamination level of Salmonella in raw tree nuts (cashews, pecans, hazelnuts, macadamia nuts, pine nuts, and walnuts) at retail markets in the United States. A total of 3,656 samples of six types of tree nuts were collected from different types of retail stores and markets nationwide between October 2014 and October 2015. These samples were analyzed using a modified version of the Salmonella culture method from the U...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202811/small-birds-big-effects-the-little-auk-alle-alle-transforms-high-arctic-ecosystems
#15
Ivan González-Bergonzoni, Kasper L Johansen, Anders Mosbech, Frank Landkildehus, Erik Jeppesen, Thomas A Davidson
In some arctic areas, marine-derived nutrients (MDN) resulting from fish migrations fuel freshwater and terrestrial ecosystems, increasing primary production and biodiversity. Less is known, however, about the role of seabird-MDN in shaping ecosystems. Here, we examine how the most abundant seabird in the North Atlantic, the little auk (Alle alle), alters freshwater and terrestrial ecosystems around the North Water Polynya (NOW) in Greenland. We compare stable isotope ratios (δ(15)N and δ(13)C) of freshwater and terrestrial biota, terrestrial vegetation indices and physical-chemical properties, productivity and community structure of fresh waters in catchments with and without little auk colonies...
February 22, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194259/anti-inflammatory-activity-of-a-sulfated-polysaccharide-isolated-from-an-enzymatic-digest-of-brown-seaweed-sargassum-horneri-in-raw-264-7-cells
#16
Kalu Kapuge Asanka Sanjeewa, Ilekkuttige Priyan Shanura Fernando, Eun-A Kim, Ginnae Ahn, Youngheun Jee, You-Jin Jeon
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Sargassum horneri is an edible brown alga that grows in the subtidal zone as an annual species along the coasts of South Korea, China, and Japan. Recently, an extreme amount of S. horneri moved into the coasts of Jeju Island from the east coast of China, which made huge economic and environmental loss to the Jeju Island. Thus, utilization of this biomass becomes a big issue with the local authorities. Therefore, the present study was performed to evaluate the anti-inflammatory potential of crude polysaccharides (CPs) extracted from S...
February 2017: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185350/development-of-a-strategy-for-the-total-chemical-synthesis-of-an-allergenic-protein-the-peach-ltp-pru-p-3
#17
Sofie Buhler, Jaap H Akkerdaas, Thelma A Pertinhez, Ronald Van Ree, Arnaldo Dossena, Stefano Sforza, Tullia Tedeschi
The possibility to obtain allergenic proteins by means of total chemical synthesis would be a big step forward in the development of cures to food allergy and in the study of the mechanism of allergic reactions, because this would allow to achieve control at the molecular level over the structure of the product and to study its relationship with the allergenic activity in fine details. This is instead not possible by using allergens produced by extraction from natural sources or by recombinant DNA techniques...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Peptide Science: An Official Publication of the European Peptide Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125035/food-choice-motives-when-purchasing-in-organic-and-conventional-consumer-clusters-focus-on-sustainable-concerns-the-nutrinet-sant%C3%A3-cohort-study
#18
Julia Baudry, Sandrine Péneau, Benjamin Allès, Mathilde Touvier, Serge Hercberg, Pilar Galan, Marie-Josèphe Amiot, Denis Lairon, Caroline Méjean, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot
The purpose of this study was to examine food choice motives associated with various organic and conventional dietary patterns among 22,366 participants of the NutriNet-Santé study. Dietary intakes were estimated using a food frequency questionnaire. Food choice motives were assessed using a validated 63-item-questionnaire gathered into nine food choice motive dimension scores: "absence of contaminants", "avoidance for environmental reasons", "ethics and environment", "taste", "innovation", "local and traditional production", "price", "health" and "convenience"...
January 24, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111085/portion-size-tells-who-i-am-food-type-tells-who-you-are-specific-functions-of-amount-and-type-of-food-in-same-and-opposite-sex-dyadic-eating-contexts
#19
Nicoletta Cavazza, Margherita Guidetti, Fabrizio Butera
Previous research has shown that women eating small portions of food (vs. eating big portions) are perceived as more feminine, whereas men eating large portions are perceived as more masculine. The specific type of food items have also been shown to carry connotations for gender stereotyping. In addition, matching the co-eater's food quantity is also a means to ingratiate him or her. Thus, a potential motivational conflict between gender identity expression and ingratiation arises when people eat in opposite-sex dyads...
January 19, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103076/big-food-s-ambivalence-seeking-profit-and-responsibility-for-health
#20
Tjidde Tempels, Marcel Verweij, Vincent Blok
In this article, we critically reflect on the responsibilities that the food industry has for public health. Although food companies are often significant contributors to public health problems (e.g., obesity, type 2 diabetes), the mere possibility of corporate responsibility for public health seems to be excluded in the academic public health discourse. We argue that the behavior of several food companies reflects a split corporate personality, as they contribute to public health problems and simultaneously engage in activities to prevent them...
March 2017: American Journal of Public Health
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