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Aerobic interval training

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930890/within-session-responses-to-high-intensity-interval-training-in-spinal-cord-injury
#1
Todd Anthony Astorino, Jacob S Thum
AIM: Completion of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) increases maximal oxygen uptake and health status, yet its feasibility in persons with spinal cord injury is unknown. PURPOSE: To compare changes in cardiorespiratory and metabolic variables between two interval training regimes and moderate intensity exercise. METHOD: Nine adults with spinal cord injury (duration = 6.8 ± 6.2 year) initially underwent determination of peak oxygen uptake...
December 8, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904541/effect-of-eight-week-aerobic-resistive-and-interval-exercise-routines-on-respiratory-parameters-in-non-athlete-women
#2
Vahan Moradians, Alireza Rahimi, Seyed Ali Javad Moosavi, Fateme Sadat Sahebkar Khorasani, Ali Mazaherinejad, Masoud Mortezazade, Hanieh Raji
BACKGROUND: There are not many studies about the effects of physical activity on pulmonary function in normal population. However, it seems that strengthening and persevering respiratory muscles is an effective technique for improving pulmonary function. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare the effects of eight-week aerobic, resistance, and interval exercise routines on respiratory parameters in non-athlete women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-six non-athlete women between 18-25 years old participated in this prospective quasi-experimental trial...
2016: Tanaffos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900177/high-intensity-interval-training-to-improve-fitness-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#3
Reidun Lauglo, Torstein Vik, Torarin Lamvik, Dorthe Stensvold, Ane-Kristine Finbråten, Trine Moholdt
AIM: To evaluate effects of high-intensity interval training (HIT) on aerobic exercise capacity, quality of life, and body composition in children with cerebral palsy (CP). METHODS: This was a baseline control trial. Children with CP, Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) levels I-IV, and age 10-17 years were included. The primary outcome, peak, and submaximum oxygen uptake (VO2peak, VO2submax) were measured at enrolment to the study (T0), after a pretraining period (T1), and after HIT (T2)...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898641/oral-contraceptive-use-dampens-physiological-adaptations-to-sprint-interval-training
#4
Mia A Schaumberg, David G Jenkins, Xanne A K Janse de Jonge, Lynne M Emmerton, Tina L Skinner
PURPOSE: Oral contraceptive (OC) use reduces peak aerobic capacity (V˙O2peak), however, whether it also influences adaptations to training has yet to be determined. This study aimed to examine the influence of OC use on peak performance [peak power output (PPO)] and physiological adaptations [V˙O2peak and peak cardiac output (Q˙peak)] following sprint interval training (SIT) in recreationally-active women. METHODS: Women taking an OC (n=25) or experiencing natural regular menstrual cycles (MC; n=16) completed an incremental exercise test to assess V˙O2peak, PPO, and Q˙peak before, immediately after, and four weeks following 12 sessions of SIT...
November 28, 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869113/effects-of-high-intensity-interval-training-on-fat-mass-parameters-in-adolescents
#5
Alba Camacho-Cardenosa, Javier Brazo-Sayavera, Marta Camacho-Cardenosa, Marta Marcos-Serrano, Rafael Timón, Guillermo Olcina
OBJECTIVE: Childhood and adolescence are key to the development of chronic disease stages, the distribution of fat an important factor in this regard. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects on fat parameters of a high intensity program developed in adolescents during physical education classes. METHODS: In 2013, 35 school-age children of Cáceres taken part in this study divided into two groups. The high-intensity group performed for 8 weeks, 4-6 sets of 20 seconds at maximal intensity with a ratio effort / recovery of 1: 3 to 1: 1...
November 21, 2016: Revista Española de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863332/combined-effect-of-aerobic-interval-training-and-selenium-nanoparticles-on-expression-of-il-15-and-il-10-tnf-%C3%AE-ratio-in-skeletal-muscle-of-4t1-breast-cancer-mice-with-cachexia
#6
M Molanouri Shamsi, S Chekachak, S Soudi, L S Quinn, K Rangbar, J Chenari, M H Yazdi, M Mahdavi
Cancer cachexia is characterized by inflammation, loss of skeletal muscle and adipose tissue mass, and functional impairment. Oxidative stress and inflammation are believed to regulate pathways controlling skeletal muscle wasting. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of aerobic interval training and the purported antioxidant treatment, selenium nanoparticle supplementation, on expression of IL-15 and inflammatory cytokines in 4T1 breast cancer-bearing mice with cachexia. Selenium nanoparticle supplementation accelerated cachexia symptoms in tumor-bearing mice, while exercise training prevented muscle wasting in tumor-bearing mice...
November 15, 2016: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857692/endurance-training-intensity-does-not-mediate-interference-to-maximal-lower-body-strength-gain-during-short-term-concurrent-training
#7
Jackson J Fyfe, Jonathan D Bartlett, Erik D Hanson, Nigel K Stepto, David J Bishop
We determined the effect of concurrent training incorporating either high-intensity interval training (HIT) or moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) on maximal strength, counter-movement jump (CMJ) performance, and body composition adaptations, compared with single-mode resistance training (RT). Twenty-three recreationally-active males (mean ± SD: age, 29.6 ± 5.5 y; [Formula: see text], 44 ± 11 mL kg(-1)·min(-1)) underwent 8 weeks (3 sessions·wk(-1)) of either: (1) HIT combined with RT (HIT+RT group, n = 8), (2) work-matched MICT combined with RT (MICT+RT group, n = 7), or (3) RT performed alone (RT group, n = 8)...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849115/blood-pressure-response-to-isometric-handgrip-testing-and-aerobic-capacity-and-associations-with-sprint-performance-in-middle-aged-men-following-high-intensity-interval-training
#8
Ryszard Zarzeczny, Cyprian Tomza, Anna Polak, Agnieszka Nawrat-Szołtysik
BACKGROUND: Of this study were to determine if a 6-week high-intensity interval training (HIIT) protocol with increasing exercise volume affects aerobic capacity and arterial blood pressure (BP) measured during a fatiguing isometric handgrip test (IHT) in middle-aged, normotensive men and to assess whether sprint performance is associated with training-induced changes in BP. METHODS: Fourteen recreationally active men (age 43.0 ± 0.9 years, body mass 74.4 ± 2...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849114/effects-of-in-season-short-term-aerobic-and-high-intensity-interval-training-program-on-repeated-sprint-ability-and-jump-performance-in-handball-players
#9
Souhail Hermassi, Jørgen Ingebrigtsen, René Schwesig, Georg Fieseler, Karl S Delank, Karim Chamari, Roy J Shephard, Mohamed S Chelly
BACKGROUND: This study examined the effects of a 7-week in-season aerobic and high-intensity interval-training program on performance tests linked to successful handball play (e.g., repeated sprint and jumping ability). METHODS: Thirty participants (age 17.0 ± 1.2 years, body mass 81.1 ± 3.4 kg, height 1.82± 0.07 m) performed a Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery Test level 1 (Yo-Yo IR1), a squat (SJ) and a countermovement jump test (CMJ), as well as a repeated sprint ability test (RSA)...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843045/the-effects-of-resistance-training-on-muscle-strength-quality-of-life-and-aerobic-capacity-in-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure-a-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Catherine Giuliano, Amalia Karahalios, Christopher Neil, Jason Allen, Itamar Levinger
BACKGROUND: Resistance training (RT) has been utilised to target muscle dysfunction associated with Chronic Heart Failure (CHF). However, there is limited meta-analysis evidence to support its use as a standalone therapy. This meta-analysis examined the effects of RT on muscle strength (one repetition maximum, 1RM and Peak Torque), aerobic capacity (VO2peak and 6min walk distance) and quality of life (QoL) in patients with CHF. METHODS: We searched Medline, EMBASE, Cochrane and CINAHL for studies published up to July 2016, combining terms related to the population (eg, heart failure, CHF) with terms for the intervention (eg, resistance, strength training) and the outcomes (eg, QoL, VO2peak,strength, aerobic capacity)...
November 7, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826256/commentary-the-effects-of-high-intensity-interval-training-vs-steady-state-training-on-aerobic-and-anaerobic-capacity
#11
COMMENT
Victor S Coswig, Paulo Gentil, João P A Naves, Ricardo B Viana, Charles Bartel, Fabrício B Del Vecchio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823704/effect-of-different-types-of-exercise-on-sleep-quality-of-elderly-subjects
#12
José M T Bonardi, Leandra G Lima, Giulliard O Campos, Rodrigo F Bertani, Júlio C Moriguti, Eduardo Ferriolli, Nereida K C Lima
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: There are still many gaps in research concerning the effect of different physical training modalities on sleep quality in the elderly population. Thus, the objective of the present study was to compare the quality of sleep of hypertensive elderly subjects submitted to two types of training (ie, aerobic exercise alone or combined aerobic and resistance training). PATIENTS/METHODS: Participants aged 60-75 years were randomized to three groups: aerobic group (AG), combined aerobic and resistance group (ARG), and control untrained group (CG)...
September 2016: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813685/physical-activity-and-intermittent-postconcussion-symptoms-after-a-period-of-symptom-limited-physical-and-cognitive-rest
#13
Quinton Sawyer, Brian Vesci, Tamara C Valovich McLeod
: Reference: Schneider KJ, Iverson GL, Emery CA, McCrory P, Herring SA, Meeuwisse WH. The effects of rest and treatment following sport-related concussion: a systematic review of the literature. Br J Sports Med. 2013;47(5):304-307. CLINICAL QUESTION: After concussion and a period of symptom-limited physical and cognitive rest, do athletes who experience intermittent symptoms return to asymptomatic condition more quickly with physical activity than with prolonged physical rest? DATA SOURCES: One investigator performed an individual search for each research question using the following databases: CINAHL, Cochrane Controlled Trials Registers, EMBASE, HealthSTAR, ProQuest, PsychInfo, PubMed, SPORTDiscus, and Web of Science...
September 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806634/sprint-interval-and-moderate-intensity-cycling-training-differentially-affect-adiposity-and-aerobic-capacity-in-overweight-young-adult-women
#14
Simon Higgins, Michael V Fedewa, Elizabeth D Hathaway, Michael D Schmidt, Ellen M Evans
The purpose of the study was to examine the effects of sprint interval training (SIT) and moderate-intensity continuous cycle training (MICT), with equal estimated energy expenditure during training on body composition and aerobic capacity. Body composition measured via dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and aerobic capacity were assessed following 6 weeks of training in previously inactive overweight/obese young women (n = 52; age, 20.4 ± 1.5 years; body mass index, 30.3 ± 4.5 kg·m(-2), 67.3% white). Training was performed in a group-exercise format that mimicked cycling classes offered by commercial fitness facilities, and included 3 weekly sessions of either 30-s "all-out" sprints followed by 4 min of active recovery (SIT), or continuous cycling at 60%-70% heart rate reserve to expend a similar amount of energy...
August 10, 2016: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804850/interval-exercise-therapy-for-type-2-diabetes
#15
Hidetaka Hamasaki
BACKGROUND: Regular exercise improves glycemic control and reduces cardiovascular risk and mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes. Continuous moderate- to high-intensity exercise has been recommended to manage type 2 diabetes; however, only approximately 30% of diabetic patients achieve the recommended levels of physical activity. The reasons for not engaging in regular exercise vary; however, one of the common reasons is lack of time. Recently, the effectiveness of short-duration interval exercise such as high-intensity interval training and interval walking has been observed...
November 1, 2016: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792222/validation-of-the-non-exhaustive-test-to-determine-the-aerobic-capacity-in-swimming
#16
Claudio Alexandre Gobatto, Gustavo Gomes DE Araujo, Vanessa Santhiago, Marcelo Papoti, Fúlvia De Barros Manchado-Gobatto
BACKGROUND: Several methods of aerobic capacity evaluation have been applied to assess and prescribe the training sessions in swimming. However, most protocols either show exhaustive characteristics, triggering transitory stress period or several visits, influencing the session's organization. Thus, the purpose was to validate a double-bout exercise protocol for non-exhaustive aerobic capacity determination of swimmers. METHODS: Twelve swimmers were submitted to non-exhaustive and Maximal Lactate Steady State (MLSS) protocols...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789212/multi-modal-exercise-training-and-protein-pacing-enhances-physical-performance-adaptations-independent-of-growth-hormone-and-bdnf-but-may-be-dependent-on-igf-1-in-exercise-trained-men
#17
Stephen J Ives, Chelsea Norton, Vincent Miller, Olivia Minicucci, Jake Robinson, Gabe O'Brien, Daniela Escudero, Maia Paul, Caitlin Sheridan, Kathryn Curran, Kayla Rose, Nathaniel Robinson, Feng He, Paul J Arciero
OBJECTIVE: Protein-pacing (P; 5-6meals/day @ 2.0g/kgBW/day) and multi-mode exercise (RISE; resistance, interval, stretching, endurance) training (PRISE) improves muscular endurance, strength, power and arterial health in exercise-trained women. The current study extends these findings by examining PRISE on fitness, growth hormone (GH), insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) response, cardiometabolic health, and body composition in exercise-trained men...
October 15, 2016: Growth Hormone & IGF Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781180/a-pilot-study-examining-the-effects-of-low-volume-high-intensity-interval-training-and-continuous-low-to-moderate-intensity-training-on-quality-of-life-functional-capacity-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-cancer-survivors
#18
Kellie Toohey, Kate L Pumpa, Leonard Arnolda, Julie Cooke, Desmond Yip, Paul S Craft, Stuart Semple
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of low-volume high-intensity interval training and continuous low to moderate intensity training on quality of life, functional capacity and cardiovascular disease risk factors in cancer survivors. METHODS: Cancer survivors within 24 months post-diagnosis were randomly assigned into the low-volume high-intensity interval training group (n = 8) or the continuous low to moderate intensity training group (n = 8) group for 36 sessions (12 weeks) of supervised exercise...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776080/relationship-between-individualized-training-impulse-and-aerobic-fitness-measures-in-hurling-players-across-a-training-period
#19
Shane Malone, Kieran Collins
Malone, S and Collins, K. Relationship between individualized training impulse and aerobic fitness measures in Hurling players across a training period. J Strength Cond Res 30(11): 3140-3145, 2016-The current study examined the association between individual internal training load (individualized training impulse, iTRIMP) and aerobic fitness variables in male hurling players. Twenty hurling players (age, 25.5 ± 3.2 years; height, 178.9 ± 3.2 cm; body mass, 78.5 ± 4.5 kg) performed treadmill testing for V[Combining Dot Above]O2max, running economy (RE), and the speed at blood lactate concentrations of 2 mmol·L (S2) and 4 mmol·L (S4) on separate occasions before and after an 8-week training period...
November 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776003/aerobic-exercise-training-modalities-and-prediabetes-risk-reduction
#20
Chip P Rowan, Michael C Riddell, Norman Gledhill, Veronica K Jamnik
PURPOSE: Prediabetes is linked to several modifiable risk factors, in particular, physical activity participation. The optimal prescription for physical activity remains uncertain. This pilot study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of continuous moderate intensity (CON) versus high intensity interval (HIIT) aerobic training in persons with prediabetes. Outcome measures included hemoglobin A1c (A1C), body composition, musculoskeletal and aerobic fitness. METHODS: Participants (n= 35) were recruited and screened using a questionnaire plus capillary blood point-of-care A1C analysis...
October 21, 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
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