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Aerobic interval training

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239986/practical-model-of-low-volume-paddling-based-sprint-interval-training-improves-aerobic-and-anaerobic-performances-in-professional-female-canoe-polo-athletes
#1
Mohsen Sheykhlouvand, Erfan Khalili, Mohammadali Gharaat, Hamid Arazi, Mousa Khalafi, Bahman Tarverdizadeh
Brief, intense exercise training employing running and cycling as exercise interventions may induce aerobic and anaerobic adaptations in athletes from wide range of sports. However, this has not been studied extensively for those sports in which the upper-body is predominantly involved. Our purpose was to examine the effects of kayak paddling-based sprint interval training (SIT) on cardiorespiratory fitness and anaerobic performance. 16 professional female canoe polo athletes (age = 27.6 ± 1.9 years; height = 165...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238948/antioxidants-for-preventing-and-reducing-muscle-soreness-after-exercise
#2
REVIEW
Mayur K Ranchordas, David Rogerson, Hora Soltani, Joseph T Costello
BACKGROUND: Muscle soreness typically occurs after intense exercise, unaccustomed exercise or actions that involve eccentric contractions where the muscle lengthens while under tension. It peaks between 24 and 72 hours after the initial bout of exercise. Many people take antioxidant supplements or antioxidant-enriched foods before and after exercise in the belief that these will prevent or reduce muscle soreness after exercise. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects (benefits and harms) of antioxidant supplements and antioxidant-enriched foods for preventing and reducing the severity and duration of delayed onset muscle soreness following exercise...
December 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238247/effects-of-hypoxic-training-versus-normoxic-training-on-exercise-performance-in-competitive-swimmers
#3
Hun-Young Park, Kiwon Lim
In swimming competition, optimal swimming performance is characterized by a variety of interchangeable components, such as aerobic exercise capacity, anaerobic power and muscular function. Various hypoxic training methods would potentiate greater performance improvements compared to similar training at sea-level. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the effects of six-weeks of hypoxic training on exercise performance in moderately trained competitive swimmers. Twenty swimmers were equally divided into a normoxic training group (n = 10) for residing and training at sea-level (PIO2 = 149...
December 2017: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222739/effects-of-two-aerobic-exercise-training-protocols-on-parameters-of-oxidative-stress-in-the-blood-and-liver-of-obese-rats
#4
Daniela Delwing-de Lima, Ariene Sampaio Souza Farias Ulbricht, Carla Werlang-Coelho, Débora Delwing-Dal Magro, Victor Hugo Antonio Joaquim, Eloise Mariani Salamaia, Silvana Rodrigues de Quevedo, Larissa Desordi
We evaluated the effects of moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) and high-intensity interval training (HIIT) protocols on the alterations in oxidative stress parameters caused by a high-fat diet (HFD), in the blood and liver of rats. The HFD enhanced thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBA-RS) and protein carbonyl content, while reducing total sulfhydryl content and catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activities in the blood. Both training protocols prevented an increase in TBA-RS and protein carbonyl content, and prevented a reduction in CAT...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Physiological Sciences: JPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218018/aerobic-interval-training-and-cardiometabolic-health-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-meta-analysis
#5
Shanhu Qiu, Xue Cai, Zilin Sun, Martina Zügel, Jürgen M Steinacker, Uwe Schumann
Vigorous to maximal aerobic interval training (INT) has received remarkable interest in improving cardiometabolic outcomes for type 2 diabetes patients recently, yet with inconsistent findings. This meta-analysis was aimed to quantify its effectiveness in type 2 diabetes. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were identified by searches of 3 databases to October 2017, which evaluated the effects of INT with a minimal training duration of 8 weeks vs. moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) or non-exercise training (NET) among type 2 diabetes patients on outcomes including cardiorespiratory fitness, glycemic control, body composition, blood pressure, and lipid profiles...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214863/impact-of-a-weight-management-intervention-on-eating-competence-importance-of-measurement-interval-in-protocol-design
#6
Barbara Lohse, Jodi Stotts Krall, Tricia Psota, Penny Kris-Etherton
PURPOSE: To examine changes in eating competence (EC) in 12-month weight loss intervention. DESIGN: Randomized, parallel-arm with weight loss phase (baseline to month 4) and weight-maintenance phase (months 4-12). SETTING: Face-to-face in University classrooms, supervised and self-directed fitness sessions at University fitness center, and home. PARTICIPANTS: Premenopausal, mostly college-educated Pennsylvania women, body mass index >25 (n = 101)...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205923/home-based-interval-training-increases-endurance-capacity-in-adults-with-complex-congenital-heart-disease
#7
Camilla Sandberg, Magnus Hedström, Karin Wadell, Mikael Dellborg, Anders Ahnfelt, Anna-Klara Zetterström, Amanda Öhrn, Bengt Johansson
OBJECTIVE: The beneficial effects of exercise training in acquired heart failure and coronary artery disease are well known and have been implemented in current treatment guidelines. Knowledge on appropriate exercise training regimes for adults with congenital heart disease is limited, thus further studies are needed. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of home-based interval exercise training on maximal endurance capacity and peak exercise capacity. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial...
December 4, 2017: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191783/executive-related-oculomotor-control-is-improved-following-a-10-minute-single-bout-of-aerobic-exercise-evidence-from-the-antisaccade-task
#8
Ashna Samani, Matthew Heath
Previous work has shown that a single-bout of moderate-to-vigorous intensity exercise improves task-specific activity within frontoparietal networks and produces a short-term 'boost' to executive-related cognitive control - an effect in healthy young adults that is reported to be selective to exercise durations of 20minutes or greater. The present study sought to determine whether such a 'boost' extends to an exercise duration as brief as 10minutes. Healthy young adults performed a 10-minute single-bout of moderate-to-vigorous intensity aerobic exercise (i...
November 27, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189854/-effects-of-a-high-intensity-interval-training-on-the-aerobic-capacity-of-adolescents
#9
Álvaro Huerta Ojeda, Sergio Galdames Maliqueo, Marianela Cataldo Guerra, Guillermo Barahona Fuentes, Tania Rozas Villanueva, Pablo Cáceres Serrano
BACKGROUND: If aerobic capacity is stimulated early in life, maximal oxygen consumption during adulthood is assured. AIM: To analyze the effects of a high intensity interval training (HIIT) in adolescents on the maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) measured using the 20-m shuttle run test (20mSRT). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty eight teenagers aged 13 ± 0.6 years were divided in two groups of 14 subjects each. One group was to a 16 sessions of HIIT interval training based on their individual maximal aerobic speed and the other continued with their usual exercise done at school...
August 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184292/cardiopulmonary-rehabilitation-program-impact-on-prognostic-markers-in-selected-patients-with-resting-and-exercise-induced-ventilatory-inefficiency-a-clinical-trial
#10
Sherin Hassan M Mehani, Heba Ahmed A Abdeen
[Purpose] Ventilatory limitation is a common problem in patients with chronic heart failure and pulmonary hypertension. Excess ventilation may arise from augmented ventilatory drive, over activity of chemoreceptors and muscle ergoreceptors, or premature onset of lactic acidosis. Exertional dyspnea can cause limitations in the activities of daily living and as a result, reduced quality of life for these patients. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of cardiopulmonary rehabilitation program on ventilatory efficiency for these patients...
October 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176383/effect-of-jump-interval-training-on-kinematics-of-the-lower-limbs-and-running-economy
#11
Jonathan Ache-Dias, Juliano Dal Pupo, Rodolfo A Dellagrana, Anderson S Teixeira, Luis Mochizuki, Antônio R P Moro
This study analyzed the effects of the addition of jump interval training (JIT) to continuous endurance training (40-min running at 70% of peak aerobic velocity, three times per week for four weeks) on kinematic variables and running economy (RE) during submaximal constant-load running. Eighteen recreational runners, randomized into control (CG) or experimental (EG) groups performed the endurance training. In addition, the EG performed the JIT twice per week, which consisted of four to six bouts of continuous vertical jumping (30s) with five-minute intervals...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172029/decreasing-sprint-duration-from-20-to-10-s-during-reduced-exertion-high-intensity-interval-training-rehit-attenuates-the-increase-in-maximal-aerobic-capacity-but-has-no-effect-on-affective-and-perceptual-responses
#12
Gulbin R Nalcakan, Preeyaphorn Songsorn, Ben L Fitzpatrick, Yasin Yuzbasioglu, Noel E Brick, Richard S Metcalfe, Niels Bj Vollaard
PURPOSE: Recent studies have demonstrated that modifying the 'classic' 6x30-s 'all-out' sprint interval training (SIT) protocol by incorporating either shorter sprints (6x10-s or 15-s sprints) or fewer sprints (e.g. 2x20-s sprints; reduced-exertion high-intensity interval training (REHIT)) does not attenuate the training-induced improvements in maximal aerobic capacity (V̇O2max). The aim of the present study was to determine whether reducing the sprint duration in the REHIT protocol from 20 s to 10 s per sprint influences acute affective responses and the change in V̇O2max following training...
November 24, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164533/lower-serum-zinc-concentration-despite-higher-dietary-zinc-intake-in-athletes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Anna Chu, Cushla Holdaway, Trishala Varma, Peter Petocz, Samir Samman
BACKGROUND: Zinc is an essential trace element that has been implicated in numerous biological functions, including immunity, energy metabolism and antioxidative processes. Recent evaluations of the literature have provided evidence of significant acute changes in zinc metabolism following a bout of aerobic exercise. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the zinc status of trained athletes compared with control populations, as described in cross-sectional studies...
November 21, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161767/effects-of-different-endurance-exercise-modalities-on-migraine-days-and-cerebrovascular-health-in-episodic-migraineurs-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Henner Hanssen, Alice Minghetti, Stefano Magon, Anja Rossmeissl, Maria Rasenack, Athina Papadopoulou, Christopher Klenk, Oliver Faude, Lukas Zahner, Till Sprenger, Lars Donath
BACKGROUND: Aerobic exercise training is a promising complementary treatment option in migraine and can reduce migraine days and improve retinal microvascular function. Our aim was to elucidate whether different aerobic exercise programs at high vs. moderate intensities distinctly affect migraine days as primary outcome and retinal vessel parameters as a secondary. METHODS: In this randomized controlled trial, migraine days were recorded by a validated migraine diary in 45 migraineurs of which 36 (female: 28; age: 36 (SD:10)/ BMI: 23...
November 21, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150762/seasonal-influence-on-adherence-to-and-effects-of-an-interval-walking-training-program-on-sedentary-female-college-students-in-japan
#15
Aiko Tanabe, Shizue Masuki, Ken-Ichi Nemoto, Hiroshi Nose
Habitual exercise training is recommended to young people for their health promotion, but adherence may be influenced by atmospheric temperature (T a ) if performed outdoors. We compared the adherence to and the effects of a home-based interval walking training (IWT) program on sedentary female college students between winter and summer. For summer training over 176 days, 48 subjects (18-22 years old) were randomly divided into two groups: the control group (CNTsummer, n = 24), which maintained a sedentary lifestyle as before, and the IWT group (IWTsummer, n = 24), which performed IWT while energy expenditure was monitored by accelerometry...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143594/the-gene-smart-study-method-study-design-and-preliminary-findings
#16
REVIEW
Xu Yan, Nir Eynon, Ioannis D Papadimitriou, Jujiao Kuang, Fiona Munson, Oren Tirosh, Lannie O'Keefe, Lyn R Griffiths, Kevin J Ashton, Nuala Byrne, Yannis P Pitsiladis, David J Bishop
The gene SMART (genes and the Skeletal Muscle Adaptive Response to Training) Study aims to identify genetic variants that predict the response to both a single session of High-Intensity Interval Exercise (HIIE) and to four weeks of High-Intensity Interval Training (HIIT). While the training and testing centre is located at Victoria University, Melbourne, three other centres have been launched at Bond University, Queensland University of Technology, Australia, and the University of Brighton, UK. Currently 39 participants have already completed the study and the overall aim is to recruit 200 moderately-trained, healthy Caucasians participants (all males 18-45 y, BMI < 30)...
November 14, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139007/adding-high-intensity-interval-training-to-conventional-training-modalities-optimizing-health-related-outcomes-during-chemotherapy-for-breast-cancer-the-optitrain-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Sara Mijwel, Malin Backman, Kate A Bolam, Anna Jervaeus, Carl Johan Sundberg, Sara Margolin, Maria Browall, Helene Rundqvist, Yvonne Wengström
PURPOSE: Exercise training is an effective and safe way to counteract cancer-related fatigue (CRF) and to improve health-related quality of life (HRQoL). High-intensity interval training has proven beneficial for the health of clinical populations. The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to compare the effects of resistance and high-intensity interval training (RT-HIIT), and moderate-intensity aerobic and high-intensity interval training (AT-HIIT) to usual care (UC) in women with breast cancer undergoing chemotherapy...
November 14, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137544/effect-of-aerobic-training-on-peak-oxygen-uptake-among-seniors-aged-70-or-over-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#18
Walid Bouaziz, Lukshe Kanagaratnam, Thomas Vogel, Elise Schmitt, Moustapha Dramé, Georges Kaltenbach, Bernard Geny, Pierre Olivier Lang
Older adults undergo a progressive decline in cardiorespiratory fitness and functional capacity. This lower peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak) level is associated with increased risk of frailty, dependency, loss of autonomy, and mortality from all causes. Regular physical activity and particularly aerobic training (AT) has been shown to contribute to better and healthy ageing. We conducted a meta-analysis in order to measure the exact benefit of AT on VO2peak in seniors aged 70 years or over. A comprehensive, systematic database search for manuscripts was performed in Embase, Medline, PubMed Central, ScienceDirect, Scopus, and Web of Science using key words...
November 14, 2017: Rejuvenation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114521/erratum-interval-and-continuous-aerobic-exercise-training-similarly-increase-cardiac-function-and-autonomic-modulation-in-infarcted-mice
#19
Cesar Cavinato Cal Abad, Ademir Manuel do Nascimento, Leandro Eziquiel de Souza, Diego Figueroa, Pamella Ramona, Michele Sartori, Katia B Scapini, Oscar Albuquerque, Ivana Cinthya Moraes-Silva, Hélio José Coelho-Júnior, Bruno Rodrigues, Cristiano Teixeira Mostarda, Kátia De Angelis, Maria Cláudia Irigoyen
[This corrects the article on p. 257 in vol. 13, PMID: 28702435.].
August 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106772/effects-of-aerobic-interval-training-on-arterial-stiffness-and-microvascular-function-in-patients-with-metabolic-syndrome
#20
Ricardo Mora-Rodriguez, Miguel Ramirez-Jimenez, Valentin E Fernandez-Elias, Maria V Guio de Prada, Felix Morales-Palomo, Jesus G Pallares, Rachael K Nelson, Juan F Ortega
The authors determined the effect of high-intensity aerobic interval training on arterial stiffness and microvascular dysfunction in patients with metabolic syndrome with hypertension. Applanation tonometry was used to measure arterial stiffness and laser Doppler flowmetry to assess microvascular dysfunction before and after 6 months of stationary cycling (training group; n = 23) in comparison to a group that remained sedentary (control group; n = 23). While no variable improved in controls, hypertension fell from 79% (59%-91%) to 41% (24%-61%) in the training group, resulting in lower systolic and diastolic pressures than controls (-12 ± 3 and -6 ± 2 mm Hg, P < ...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
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