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Aerobic interval training

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912440/predictors-of-wellness-behaviors-in-u-s-army-physicians
#1
Daniel P Hsu, Shana L Hansen, Timothy A Roberts, Clinton K Murray, Vincent Mysliwiec
Introduction: In 2013, the U.S. Army Surgeon General implemented the Performance Triad (P3), an educational initiative to improve health-related behaviors of soldiers throughout the U.S. Army. The components of P3 are Sleep, Activity, and Nutrition with tenet behaviors for each component. This study reports the results of the 2015 U.S. Army Medical Corps survey regarding physician knowledge and adherence to the tenet behaviors of P3. Methods: In 2015, an anonymous survey was sent to all active duty U...
April 18, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910449/four-weeks-of-off-season-training-improves-peak-oxygen-consumption-in-female-field-hockey-players
#2
Lindsey T Funch, Erik Lind, Larissa True, Deborah Van Langen, John T Foley, James F Hokanson
The purpose of the study was to examine the changes in peak oxygen consumption ( V ˙O2peak ) and running economy (RE) following four-weeks of high intensity training and concurrent strength and conditioning during the off-season in collegiate female field hockey players. Fourteen female student-athletes (age 19.29 ± 0.91 years) were divided into two training groups, matched from baseline V ˙O2peak : High Intensity Training (HITrun ; n = 8) and High Intensity Interval Training (HIIT; n = 6). Participants completed 12 training sessions...
November 28, 2017: Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910417/effects-of-heart-rate-vs-speed-based-high-intensity-interval-training-on-aerobic-and-anaerobic-capacity-of-female-soccer-players
#3
Hamid Arazi, Abbas Keihaniyan, Amin EatemadyBoroujeni, Amir Oftade, Sheida Takhsha, Abbas Asadi, Rodrigo Ramirez-Campillo
The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of two types of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) programs on aerobic and anaerobic capacity of female soccer players. Regional-level female athletes were randomly divided into heart rate-based HIIT ( n = 8; age 23.4 ± 1.1 year) and speed-based HIIT groups ( n = 8; age 23.4 ± 1.3 year). Athletes trained three days per week for six weeks. Before and after training, each athlete's performance was assessed directly through the Hoff test, 30-15 Intermittent Fitness Test (VIFT), and repeated-sprint ability test (RAST); maximal oxygen consumption (VO₂max), power and fatigue were estimated indirectly...
August 4, 2017: Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902061/validity-of-the-modified-shuttle-walk-test-to-assess-cardiorespiratory-fitness-after-exercise-intervention-in-overweight-obese-adults-with-primary-hypertension
#4
Borja Jurio-Iriarte, Peter H Brubaker, Ilargi Gorostegi-Anduaga, Pablo Corres, Aitor Martinez Aguirre-Betolaza, Sara Maldonado-Martin
The study aimed to assess whether the Modified Shuttle Walk Test (MSWT) can detect changes in cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) in overweight/obese people with hypertension (HTN) after an exercise intervention evaluating the equation presented in the previous research by Jurio-Iriarte et al. Participants (N= 248) performed a peak cardiorespiratory exercise test (CPET) and MSWT before and after 16-weeks of different types of aerobic exercise intervention. The formula of Jurio-Iriarte et al. was used to predict peak oxygen uptake (V̇O2peak )...
June 14, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898765/ten-weeks-of-high-intensity-interval-walk-training-is-associated-with-reduced-disease-activity-and-improved-innate-immune-function-in-older-adults-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-pilot-study
#5
David B Bartlett, Leslie H Willis, Cris A Slentz, Andrew Hoselton, Leslie Kelly, Janet L Huebner, Virginia B Kraus, Jennifer Moss, Michael J Muehlbauer, Guillaume Spielmann, William E Kraus, Janet M Lord, Kim M Huffman
BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease in which adults have significant joint issues leading to poor health. Poor health is compounded by many factors, including exercise avoidance and increased risk of opportunistic infection. Exercise training can improve the health of patients with RA and potentially improve immune function; however, information on the effects of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) in RA is limited. We sought to determine whether 10 weeks of a walking-based HIIT program would be associated with health improvements as measured by disease activity and aerobic fitness...
June 14, 2018: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29871697/the-effects-of-upper-and-lower-limb-exercise-on-the-microvascular-reactivity-in-limited-cutaneous-systemic-sclerosis-patients
#6
A Mitropoulos, A Gumber, H Crank, M Akil, M Klonizakis
BACKGROUND: Aerobic exercise in general and high-intensity interval training (HIIT) specifically is known to improve vascular function in a range of clinical conditions. HIIT in particular has demonstrated improvements in clinical outcomes, in conditions that have a strong macroangiopathic component. Nevertheless, the effect of HIIT on microcirculation in systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients is yet to be investigated. Therefore, the purpose of the study was to compare the effects of two HIIT protocols (cycle and arm cranking) on the microcirculation of the digital area in SSc patients...
June 5, 2018: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29865099/the-efficacy-of-a-whole-body-sprint-interval-training-intervention-in-an-office-setting-a-feasibility-study
#7
Brendon J Gurd, Jugal Patel, Brittany A Edgett, Trisha D Scribbans, Joe Quadrilatero, Steven L Fischer
BACKGROUND: Whole body sprint-interval training (WB-SIT) represents a mode of exercise training that is both time-efficient and does not require access to an exercise facility. OBJECTIVE: The current study examined the feasibility of implementing a WB-SIT intervention in a workplace setting. METHODS: A total of 747 employees from a large office building were invited to participate with 31 individuals being enrolled in the study. Anthropometrics, aerobic fitness, core and upper body strength, and lower body mobility were assessed before and after a 12-week exercise intervention consisting of 2-4 training sessions per week...
May 28, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29864071/prevention-of-ankle-sprain-injuries-in-youth-soccer-and-basketball-effectiveness-of-a-neuromuscular-training-program-and-examining-risk-factors
#8
Oluwatoyosi B A Owoeye, Luz M Palacios-Derflingher, Carolyn A Emery
OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a neuromuscular training (NMT) warm-up program in reducing the risk of ankle sprain injury (ASI) in youth soccer and basketball. The secondary objective included the evaluation of risk factors for ASI. STUDY DESIGN: Secondary analysis of pooled data from 5 studies. PARTICIPANTS: Male and female youth (11-18 years) soccer and basketball players (n = 2265) in Alberta, Canada...
June 29, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29848412/aerobic-and-strength-training-exercise-programme-for-cognitive-impairment-in-people-with-mild-to-moderate-dementia-the-dapa-rct
#9
Sarah E Lamb, Dipesh Mistry, Sharisse Alleyne, Nicky Atherton, Deborah Brown, Bethan Copsey, Sukhdeep Dosanjh, Susanne Finnegan, Beth Fordham, Frances Griffiths, Susie Hennings, Iftekhar Khan, Kamran Khan, Ranjit Lall, Samantha Lyle, Vivien Nichols, Stavros Petrou, Peter Zeh, Bart Sheehan
BACKGROUND: Approximately 670,000 people in the UK have dementia. Previous literature suggests that physical exercise could slow dementia symptom progression. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a bespoke exercise programme, in addition to usual care, on the cognitive impairment (primary outcome), function and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of people with mild to moderate dementia (MMD) and carer burden and HRQoL...
May 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29847529/eight-week-battle-rope-training-improves-multiple-physical-fitness-dimensions-and-shooting-accuracy-in-collegiate-basketball-players
#10
Wei-Han Chen, Huey-June Wu, Shin-Liang Lo, Hui Chen, Wen-Wen Yang, Chen-Fu Huang, Chiang Liu
Chen, WH, Wu, HJ, Lo, SL, Chen, H, Yang, WW, Huang, CF, and Liu, C. Eight-week battle rope training improves multiple physical fitness dimensions and shooting accuracy in collegiate basketball players. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-Basketball players must possess optimally developed physical fitness in multiple dimensions and shooting accuracy. This study investigated whether (battle rope [BR]) training enhances multiple physical fitness dimensions, including aerobic capacity (AC), upper-body anaerobic power (AnP), upper-body and lower-body power, agility, and core muscle endurance, and shooting accuracy in basketball players and compared its effects with those of regular training (shuttle run [SR])...
May 28, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29846435/apolipoprotein-b-and-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-polymorphisms-and-aerobic-interval-training-randomized-controlled-trial-in-coronary-artery-disease-patients
#11
N Y Tamburus, R Verlengia, V C Kunz, M C César, E Silva
Physical training has been strongly recommended as a non-pharmacological treatment for coronary artery disease (CAD). Genetic polymorphisms have been studied to understand the biological variability in response to exercise among individuals. This study aimed to verify the possible influence of apolipoprotein B (ApoB: rs1042031 and rs693) and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE-ID: rs1799752) genotypes on the lipid profile and functional aerobic capacity, respectively, after an aerobic interval training (AIT) program in patients with CAD and/or cardiovascular risk factors...
2018: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29842843/interval-running-with-self-selected-recovery-physiology-performance-and-perception
#12
Gary McEwan, Rosemary Arthur, Shaun M Phillips, Neil V Gibson, Chris Easton
This study (1) compared the physiological responses and performance during a high-intensity interval training (HIIT) session incorporating externally regulated (ER) and self-selected (SS) recovery periods and (2) examined the psychophysiological cues underpinning SS recovery durations. Following an incremental maximal exercise test to determine maximal aerobic speed (MAS), 14 recreationally active males completed 2 HIIT sessions on a non-motorised treadmill. Participants performed 12 × 30 s running intervals at a target intensity of 105% MAS interspersed with 30 s (ER) or SS recovery periods...
May 29, 2018: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29795172/effects-of-moderate-and-high-intensity-aerobic-training-program-in-ambulatory-subjects-with-incomplete-spinal-cord-injury-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Matthijs F Wouda, Eivind Lundgaard, Frank Becker, Vegard Strøm
STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. OBJECTIVES: To investigate if high-intensity interval training (HIIT) exhibits a higher increase in physical capacity and activity levels compared to moderate-intensity training (MIT) and treatment as usual. SETTING: Sunnaas Rehabilitation Hospital. METHODS: Thirty ambulatory participants with incomplete spinal cord injury (SCI) were recruited at discharge from inpatient rehabilitation...
May 23, 2018: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791580/influence-of-aerobic-training-on-the-mechanics-of-ventricular-contraction-after-acute-myocardial-infarction-a-pilot-study
#14
Giovani Luiz De Santi, Henrique Turin Moreira, Eduardo Elias Vieira de Carvalho, Júlio César Crescêncio, André Schmidt, José Antônio Marin-Neto, Lourenço Gallo-Júnior
The study of myocardial contractility, based on the new anatomical concepts that govern cardiac mechanics, represents a promising strategy of analysis of myocardial adaptations related to physical training in the context of post-infarction. We investigated the influence of aerobic training on physical capacity and on the evaluation parameters of left ventricular contraction mechanics in patients with myocardial infarction. Thirty-one patients (55.1 ± 8.9 years) who had myocardial infarction in the anterior wall were prospectively investigated in three groups: interval training group (ITG) (n = 10), moderate training group (MTG) n = 10) and control group (CG) (n = 10)...
April 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775886/sprint-interval-training-sit-substantially-reduces-depressive-symptoms-in-major-depressive-disorder-mdd-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Alice Minghetti, Oliver Faude, Henner Hanssen, Lukas Zahner, Markus Gerber, Lars Donath
Continuous aerobic exercise training (CAT) is considered a complementary treatment option in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). Intermittent exercise training protocols, such as sprint interval training (SIT) have gained increasing popularity, but no studies on depressive symptoms following SIT in patients with MDD are available. Fifty-nine in-patients with MDD were randomly assigned to a SIT or CAT group. Medication was counterbalanced in both intervention arms. Both intervention groups received 3 weekly training sessions for 4-weeks (12 sessions in total)...
May 8, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769816/the-effect-of-two-different-concurrent-training-programs-on-strength-and-power-gains-in-highly-trained-individuals
#16
Henrik Petré, Pontus Löfving, Niklas Psilander
The effects of concurrent strength and endurance training have been well studied in untrained and moderately-trained individuals. However, studies examining these effects in individuals with a long history of resistance training (RT) are lacking. Additionally, few studies have examined how strength and power are affected when different types of endurance training are added to an RT protocol. The purpose of the present study was to compare the effects of concurrent training incorporating either low-volume, high-intensity interval training (HIIT, 8-24 Tabata intervals at ~150% of VO2max ) or high-volume, medium-intensity continuous endurance training (CT, 40-80 min at 70% of VO2max ), on the strength and power of highly-trained individuals...
June 2018: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769247/dementia-and-physical-activity-dapa-trial-of-moderate-to-high-intensity-exercise-training-for-people-with-dementia-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Sarah E Lamb, Bart Sheehan, Nicky Atherton, Vivien Nichols, Helen Collins, Dipesh Mistry, Sukhdeep Dosanjh, Anne Marie Slowther, Iftekhar Khan, Stavros Petrou, Ranjit Lall
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the effect of a moderate to high intensity aerobic and strength exercise training programme on cognitive impairment and other outcomes in people with mild to moderate dementia. DESIGN: Multicentre, pragmatic, investigator masked, randomised controlled trial. SETTING: National Health Service primary care, community and memory services, dementia research registers, and voluntary sector providers in 15 English regions. PARTICIPANTS: 494 people with dementia: 329 were assigned to an aerobic and strength exercise programme and 165 were assigned to usual care...
May 16, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767544/the-aerobic-resistance-inspiratory-muscle-training-hypothesis-in-heart-failure
#18
Ioannis D Laoutaris
Evidence from large multicentre exercise intervention trials in heart failure patients, investigating both moderate continuous aerobic training and high intensity interval training, indicates that the 'crème de la crème' exercise programme for this population remains to be found. The 'aerobic/resistance/inspiratory (ARIS) muscle training hypothesis in heart failure' is introduced, suggesting that combined ARIS muscle training may result in maximal exercise pathophysiological and functional benefits in heart failure patients...
January 1, 2018: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765980/aerobic-interval-training-regulated-sirt3-attenuates-high-fat-diet-associated-cognitive-dysfunction
#19
Zhaoling Shi, Chen Li, Yue Yin, Zheng Yang, Han Xue, Nan Mu, Yishi Wang, Manling Liu, Heng Ma
Cognitive dysfunction is an important complicated disease in obesity. Exercise ameliorates obesity and the related cognitive dysfunction. However, the underlying mechanism is still unclear. In this study, we investigated whether aerobic interval training (AIT) could attenuate high-fat-diet- (HFD-) associated cognitive dysfunction and the possible mechanism of SIRT3-MnSOD pathway. C57BL/6 wild-type (WT) mice and SIRT3 knockout (KO) mice were randomized into control (Con) or HFD group with or without AIT training for 6 weeks...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764892/intense-exercise-for-survival-among-men-with-metastatic-castrate-resistant-prostate-cancer-interval-gap4-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-phase-iii-study-protocol
#20
Robert U Newton, Stacey A Kenfield, Nicolas H Hart, June M Chan, Kerry S Courneya, James Catto, Stephen P Finn, Rosemary Greenwood, Daniel C Hughes, Lorelei Mucci, Stephen R Plymate, Stephan F E Praet, Emer M Guinan, Erin L Van Blarigan, Orla Casey, Mark Buzza, Sam Gledhill, Li Zhang, Daniel A Galvão, Charles J Ryan, Fred Saad
INTRODUCTION: Preliminary evidence supports the beneficial role of physical activity on prostate cancer outcomes. This phase III randomised controlled trial (RCT) is designed to determine if supervised high-intensity aerobic and resistance exercise increases overall survival (OS) in patients with metastatic castrate-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Participants (n=866) must have histologically documented metastatic prostate cancer with evidence of progressive disease on androgen deprivation therapy (defined as mCRPC)...
May 14, 2018: BMJ Open
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