keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Aerobic interval training

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027349/aerobic-exercise-training-lowers-platelet-reactivity-and-improves-platelet-sensitivity-to-prostacyclin-in-pre-and-postmenopausal-women
#1
M H Lundberg Slingsby, M Nyberg, J Egelund, C M Mandrup, R Frikke-Schmidt, N S Kirkby, Y Hellsten
BACKGROUND: The risk of atherothrombotic events increases after menopause. Regular physical activity has been shown to reduce platelet reactivity in younger women, but it is unknown how regular exercise affects platelet function after menopause. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of regular aerobic exercise in late pre- and recent postmenopausal women by testing basal platelet reactivity and platelet sensitivity to prostacyclin and nitric oxide. METHODS: 25 sedentary, but healthy, late premenopausal and 24 matched recently postmenopausal women, mean (95% confidence interval) 49...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993131/impact-of-physical-fitness-and-body-composition-on-injury-risk-among-active-young-adults-a-study-of-army-trainees
#2
Bruce H Jones, Keith G Hauret, Shamola K Dye, Veronique D Hauschild, Stephen P Rossi, Melissa D Richardson, Karl E Friedl
OBJECTIVES: To determine the combined effects of physical fitness and body composition on risk of training-related musculoskeletal injuries among Army trainees. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. METHODS: Rosters of soldiers entering Army basic combat training (BCT) from 2010 to 2012 were linked with data from multiple sources for age, sex, physical fitness (heights, weights (mass), body mass index (BMI), 2 mile run times, push-ups), and medical injury diagnoses...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987235/effects-of-l-arginine-supplementation-associated-with-continuous-or-interval-aerobic-training-on-chronic-heart-failure-rats
#3
Giovanna Tedesco Barcelos, Douglas Dalcin Rossato, Júlia Luiza Perini, Lucas Pereira Pinheiro, Carol Carvalho, Rodrigo Boemo Jaenisch, Cláudia Ramos Rhoden, Pedro Dal Lago, Ramiro Barcos Nunes
OBJECTIVE: Chronic heart failure (CHF) is related with exercise intolerance and impaired nitric oxide (NO) production, which can lead to several functional capacity alterations. Considering the possible superiority of aerobic interval training compared to continuous training and the capacity of l-arginine to restore the NO pathway, the aim of the present study was to investigate whether these treatments are beneficial to exercise capacity, muscle mass preservation and hemodynamic, inflammatory and oxidative stress parameters in CHF rats...
November 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981596/early-mobilization-programme-improves-functional-capacity-after-major-abdominal-cancer-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
E P M de Almeida, J P de Almeida, G Landoni, F R B G Galas, J T Fukushima, E Fominskiy, C M M de Brito, L B L Cavichio, L A A de Almeida, U Ribeiro-Jr, E A Osawa, M P E Diz, R B Cecatto, L R Battistella, L A Hajjar
Background: Major abdominal oncology surgery is associated with substantial postoperative loss of functional capacity, and exercise may be an effective intervention to improve outcomes. The aim of this study was to assess efficacy, feasibility and safety of a supervised postoperative exercise programme. Methods: We performed a single-blind, parallel-arm, randomized trial in patients who underwent major abdominal oncology surgery in a tertiary university hospital...
September 13, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966710/in-season-high-intensity-interval-training-improves-conditioning-in-high-school-soccer-players
#5
Neal Howard, Stasinos Stavrianeas
Soccer is characterized by high aerobic demands interspersed with frequent bursts of anaerobic activity. High-intensity interval training (HIIT) is considered a viable alternative to traditional endurance conditioning and offers the additional time-saving benefits of anaerobic training. We hypothesized that HIIT will compare favorably to traditional (aerobic-based) soccer conditioning over the course of a high school soccer season. Junior varsity soccer players were split into control (CON, n=16) and experimental (HIIT, n=16) groups for the 10-week study...
2017: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959911/short-term-interval-training-alters-brain-glucose-metabolism-in-subjects-with-insulin-resistance
#6
Sanna M Honkala, Jarkko Johansson, Kumail K Motiani, Jari-Joonas Eskelinen, Kirsi A Virtanen, Eliisa Löyttyniemi, Juhani Knuuti, Pirjo Nuutila, Kari K Kalliokoski, Jarna C Hannukainen
Brain insulin-stimulated glucose uptake (GU) is increased in obese and insulin resistant subjects but normalizes after weight loss along with improved whole-body insulin sensitivity. Our aim was to study whether short-term exercise training (moderate intensity continuous training (MICT) or sprint interval training (SIT)) alters substrates for brain energy metabolism in insulin resistance. Sedentary subjects ( n = 21, BMI 23.7-34.3 kg/m(2), age 43-55 y) with insulin resistance were randomized into MICT ( n = 11, intensity≥60% of VO2peak) or SIT ( n = 10, all-out) groups for a two-week training intervention...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950401/whole-body-vibration-exercise-training-for-fibromyalgia
#7
REVIEW
Julia Bidonde, Angela J Busch, Ina van der Spuy, Susan Tupper, Soo Y Kim, Catherine Boden
BACKGROUND: Exercise training is commonly recommended for adults with fibromyalgia. We defined whole body vibration (WBV) exercise as use of a vertical or rotary oscillating platform as an exercise stimulus while the individual engages in sustained static positioning or dynamic movements. The individual stands on the platform, and oscillations result in vibrations transmitted to the subject through the legs. This review is one of a series of reviews that replaces the first review published in 2002...
September 26, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947458/participant-acceptability-of-exercise-in-kidney-disease-pace-kd-a-feasibility-study-protocol-in-renal-transplant-recipients
#8
Nicolette C Bishop, Roseanne Billany, Alice C Smith
INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a major cause of mortality in renal transplant recipients (RTRs). General population risk scores for CVD underestimate the risk in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) suggesting additional non-traditional factors. Renal transplant recipients also exhibit elevated inflammation and impaired immune function. Exercise has a positive impact on these factors in patients with CKD but there is a lack of rigorous research in RTRs, particularly surrounding the feasibility and acceptability of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) versus moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) in this population...
September 24, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935825/effect-of-tapering-after-a-period-of-high-volume-sprint-interval-training-on-running-performance-and-muscular-adaptations-in-moderately-trained-runners
#9
Casper Skovgaard, Nicki Winfield Almquist, Thue Kvorning, Peter Møller Christensen, Jens Bangsbo
The effect of tapering following a period of high-volume sprint interval training (SIT) and a basic volume of aerobic training on performance and muscle adaptations in moderately trained runners was examined. Eleven (8 males, 3 females) runners (maximum oxygen uptake (VO2-max): 56.8±2.9 mL·min(-1)·kg(-1); mean±SD) conducted high-volume SIT (HV; 20 SIT sessions; 8-12 x 30-s all-out) for 40 days followed by 18 days of tapering (TAP; 4 SIT sessions; 4 x 30-s all-out). Before and after HV as well as midway through and at the end of TAP, the subjects completed a 10-km running test and a repeated running test at 90% of vVO2-max to exhaustion (RRT)...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931620/effects-of-physical-activity-on-poststroke-cognitive-function-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#10
Lauren E Oberlin, Aashna M Waiwood, Toby B Cumming, Anna L Marsland, Julie Bernhardt, Kirk I Erickson
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Despite the social, health, and economic burdens associated with cognitive impairment poststroke, there is considerable uncertainty about the types of interventions that might preserve or restore cognitive abilities. The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the effects of physical activity (PA) training on cognitive function poststroke and identify intervention and sample characteristics that may moderate treatment effects. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials examining the association between structured PA training and cognitive performance poststroke were identified using electronic databases EMBASE and MEDLINE...
September 20, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930880/cycling-power-outputs-predict-functional-threshold-power-and-maximum-oxygen-uptake
#11
Joshua Denham, John Scott-Hamilton, Amanda D Hagstrom, Adrian J Gray
Functional threshold power (FTP) has emerged as a correlate of lactate threshold and is commonly assessed by recreational and professional cyclists for tailored exercise programing. To identify whether results from traditional aerobic and anaerobic cycling tests could predict FTP and V˙ O2max, we analysed the association between estimated FTP, maximum oxygen uptake (V˙ O2max [mlkgmin]) and power outputs obtained from a maximal cycle ergometry cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) and a 30-s Wingate test in a heterogeneous cohort of cycle-trained and untrained individuals (N=40, mean±SD; age: 32...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917030/the-role-of-intra-session-exercise-sequence-in-the-interference-effect-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Lee Eddens, Ken van Someren, Glyn Howatson
BACKGROUND: There is a necessity for numerous sports to develop strength and aerobic capacity simultaneously, placing a significant demand upon the practice of effective concurrent training methods. Concurrent training requires the athlete to perform both resistance and endurance exercise within a training plan. This training paradigm has been associated with an 'interference effect', with attenuated strength adaptation in comparison to that following isolated resistance training. The effectiveness of the training programme rests on the intricacies of manipulating acute training variables, such as exercise sequence...
September 15, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904232/effects-of-high-versus-moderate-intensity-training-on-neuroplasticity-and-functional-recovery-after-focal-ischemia
#13
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Caroline Pin-Barre, Annabelle Constans, Jeanick Brisswalter, Christophe Pellegrino, Jérôme Laurin
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This study was designed to compare the effects of high-intensity interval training (HIT) and moderate-intensity aerobic training (MOD) on functional recovery and cerebral plasticity during the first 2 weeks after cerebral ischemia. METHODS: Rats were randomized as follows: control (n=15), SHAM (n=9), middle cerebral artery occlusion (n=13), middle cerebral artery occlusion at day 1 (n=7), MOD (n=13), and HIT (n=13). Incremental tests were performed at day 1 (D1) and 14 (D14) to identify the running speed associated with the lactate threshold (SLT) and the maximal speed (Smax)...
October 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902113/comparative-effects-of-two-interval-shuttle-run-training-modes-on-physiological-and-performance-adaptations-in-female-professional-futsal-players
#14
Anderson S Teixeira, Francimara B Arins, Ricardo D De Lucas, Lorival J Carminatti, Naiandra Dittrich, Fábio Yuzo Nakamura, Luiz Guilherme A Guglielmo
The purpose of the present study was to analyze the effects of two shuttle-run interval training (SRIT) models with one and three directional changes per running bout on the aerobic and anaerobic performances of elite female futsal players. Sixteen players competing in the Brazilian National Division League took part in the study. The training protocols consisted of shuttle-run intervals organized in four sets of 4-min bouts with 3- min of rest intervals between the sets. The SRIT models were composed of one (7...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879617/high-but-not-moderate-intensity-endurance-training-increases-pain-tolerance-a-randomised-trial
#15
Thomas J O'Leary, Johnny Collett, Ken Howells, Martyn G Morris
PURPOSE: To examine the effect of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) compared to volume-matched moderate-intensity continuous training (CONT) on muscle pain tolerance and high-intensity exercise tolerance. METHODS: Twenty healthy adults were randomly assigned (1:1) to either 6 weeks of HIIT [6-8 × 5 min at halfway between lactate threshold and maximal oxygen uptake (50%Δ)] or volume-matched CONT (~60-80 min at 90% lactate threshold) on a cycle ergometer...
November 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863074/interval-walking-training-and-nutritional-intake-to-increase-plasma-volume-in-elderly
#16
Koji Uchida, Yoshi-Ichiro Kamijo, Shigeki Ikegawa, Koichiro Hamada, Shizue Masuki, Hiroshi Nose
PURPOSE: Aerobic training-induced plasma volume (PV) expansion improves thermoregulation, and carbohydrate (CHO) + whey protein supplementation enhanced the effects in older people; however, these were suggested by studies on gym-based cycling training but not on home-based interval walking training (IWT). Moreover, long-term walking training effects on PV remain unknown. METHODS: Seventeen male and 10 female subjects (~69 yr), having performed IWT for ≥24 months before the study, were used...
August 31, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855969/development-of-low-volume-high-intensity-aerobic-type-interval-training-for-elderly-japanese-men-a-feasibility-study
#17
Yosuke Osuka, Muneaki Matsubara, Ai Hamasaki, Yuji Hiramatsu, Hiroshi Ohshima, Kiyoji Tanaka
BACKGROUND: The purposes of this study were to identify 1) the feasibility of a novel exercise protocol (elderly Japanese male version of high-intensity interval aerobic training: EJ-HIAT) and 2) its preliminary data (%V̇O2peak, rating of perceived exertion) in comparison with traditional moderate-intensity continuous aerobic training (MICT). RESULTS: Twenty-one sedentary elderly men, aged 60-69 years, performed two exercise protocols: EJ-HIAT, consisting of 3 sets of 2-3-min cycling at 75-85%V̇O2peak with 1-2-min active rests at 50%V̇O2peak between sets, and MICT, consisting of 40-min cycling at 65%V̇O2peak...
2017: European Review of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837421/comparison-of-different-volumes-of-high-intensity-interval-training-on-cardiac-autonomic-function-in-sedentary-young-women
#18
Pooja Bhati, Vishal Bansal, Jamal Ali Moiz
Purpose The present study was conducted to compare the effects of low volume of high intensity interval training (LVHIIT) and high volume of high intensity interval training (HVHIIT) on heart rate variability (HRV) as a primary outcome measure, and on maximum oxygen consumption (VO2max), body composition, and lower limb muscle strength as secondary outcome measures, in sedentary young women. Methods Thirty-six participants were recruited in this study. The LVHIIT group (n = 17) performed one 4-min bout of treadmill running at 85%-95% maximum heart rate (HRmax), followed by 3 min of recovery by running at 70% HRmax, three times per week for 6 weeks...
August 24, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811842/the-effect-of-three-different-exercise-training-modalities-on-cognitive-and-physical-function-in-a-healthy-older-population
#19
Carla Coetsee, Elmarie Terblanche
BACKGROUND: Older adults are encouraged to participate in regular physical activity to counter the age-related declines in physical and cognitive health. Literature on the effect of different exercise training modalities (aerobic vs resistance) on these health-related outcomes is not only sparse, but results are inconsistent. In general, it is believed that exercise has a positive effect on executive cognitive function, possibly because of the physiological adaptations through increases in fitness...
2017: European Review of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803380/aerobic-interval-training-reduces-vascular-resistances-during-submaximal-exercise-in-obese-metabolic-syndrome-individuals
#20
Ricardo Mora-Rodriguez, V E Fernandez-Elias, F Morales-Palomo, J G Pallares, M Ramirez-Jimenez, J F Ortega
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the effects of high-intensity aerobic interval training (AIT) on exercise hemodynamics in metabolic syndrome (MetS) volunteers. METHODS: Thirty-eight, MetS participants were randomly assigned to a training (TRAIN) or to a non-training control (CONT) group. TRAIN consisted of stationary interval cycling alternating bouts at 70-90% of maximal heart rate during 45 min day(-1) for 6 months. RESULTS: CONT maintained baseline physical activity and no changes in cardiovascular function or MetS factors were detected...
August 12, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
keyword
keyword
98860
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"